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'"FOREVER FLOAT THAT STANDARD SHEET." ---=----. BY L. DTLLARD & Co. OlBee...Corner of Texas and Edwards streets, OPPOSITE HITCHCOCKIS LIVERY STABLE. SHRE E P O RT: WEDNESDAY, ........NOVEMBER 29, 1854. AGENTS FOR THE SOUTII-WERSTZRN: Messrs. J. M. & J. C. Muarar, Jeferson, Texas. Mr. WARs BEN.oR, Bonhasm, Faraun County, Texas. Mr. JAMES B. LIKENs, Henderson, Rusk Co., Texas. Mr. A. B. FLOWER, Mansiield, and DeSoto Parish, La. Mr. CLAsXa ADAMS, Plaquemine, and Ihbervile Parish. W. IL McDowin, 102 Nassau street, New York. If Those of our town subscribers who do not receive their papers regularly, will please send word to the office. £t'Oua JOB OFFICE.-We have added to our establishment one otlHoE's PATENT ROTARY PRESSES, (capable of printing from 1000 to 1500 cards, circulars, etc., per hour,) and an additional hand-press suitable for pamphlets and large jobs, together with a fine assortment of ornamental type, paper, and blank cards, which enables us to fill orders for every des cription of printing to any extent in superior style,. with great despatch and at unusually low prices. _ .. The weather for the past three days has been extremely cold-ice each morning. The river has risen four or five inches since our last, and we learn that there has been a rise of two feet above the raft. The navigation has improved between Alexandria and the mouth. The, election on Monday last passed over very quietly, and resulted, as was inticipated, in the triumph of the no license ticket, which received a majority of 17. The vote polled was unusually small. We learn that colonel Ives has two hundred hands at work on the Vicksburg, Shreveport and Texas railroad. He is working between the Mississippi river and Richmond. We are indebted to doctor Estes, of the De mocrat, for a specimen of the celebrated "res cue grass," grown at his farm near town. The seed, we understand, were brought from the Mesilla valley, and the grass will undoubtedly prove invaluable to the planters, farmers and stock growers in our section of country. It is very luxuriant, grows fast, and will last during the entire fall and winter. We are under obligations to the commander of the Augusta for files of late papers. TINwARE.-Messrs. Austin & Goodwyn will continue the manufactory of copper, tin and sheet-iron ware, carried on by the late Wm.E. Pasteur, and being proprietors of one of the largest establishments in New Orleans, can fill .orders to any extent at the shortest notice. DRUGS, MEDICINES, &c.-Mr. T. H1. Morris has received an extensive assortment of fresh medicines and chemicals, and opened an apo thecary store in the building recently occupied by Mr. Win. B. Miller, where he is prepared to supply the wants of his old friends and pat rons, and fill orders from country dealers, plan ters and others. Those of our lady readers in want of season able dry goods, will do well to visit Trabue & Kline. Their stock is large and of the most fashionable patterns and fabrics. A portion of the residence of judge Patillo, in Marshall, was destroyed by fire list week. We learn by a telegraphic dispatch that Placide's Varietes, (theatre,) N. Orleans, was destroyed by fire a few days since. The official returns from New York show that Clarke, whig, has been elected governor by a small majority, and that the entire whig state ticket has been elected. New York papers of the 14th inst., speak of a bank panic, and rumors of many failures, par ticularly among the dry goods dealers. AT IT AcAI.-The Delaware elections took' place on the 15th inst., and resulted in the know nothings making a complete sweep of the State, electing their candidates for governor, congress, and state officers. CunA.--It is rumored at Washington that; the congress of American ambassadors, which. recently met at Brussels, have agreed in re porting the entire absence of any democratic feeling in Europe, and in recommending the acquisition of Cuba in any shape. The New York telegraphic correspondent of the Picayune, under date of the 14th inst., re ports that the national convention of the know nothings, at Cincinnati, to-day will nominate as their candidate for the presidency either ex president Fillmore, or sena'tor Sam IIouston. We do not, of course, know by what authority the above stittement is made, but predict that the choice did not fall on Sam Houston. iHe has not sufficient "bottom" for such a race. The banks at Memphis, Tenn., give notice that they will not receive on deposit the notes issued by the free banks of that State, except those payable at the counter in Memphis. This includes the Citizens' bank, bank of Memphis, Commercial bank of Tennessee, and Southern bank of Tennessee-the old banks. Moss. SouLs.-The last European steamer brings information that the Americans in Lon don and Paris regard the refusal of permission to Mr. Soul to pass through France as an in tentional insult offered to the American gov ernment on the part of Louis Napoleon. Mr. Mason's request for an explanation of the cause of refusal was treated with rudeness and in civility. The London Times justifies the re fusal, but ridicules the idea of it being made a subject of national difficulty, and urges that France can know him only as a private indi vidual. It is believed, however, that France will disavow any intention of exhibiting disre spect for Amerieca by the act. The Washing ton Star intimates that the government has re eeived dipatehs, indicating that our relationu with npainare riticahd iapprachidg acrisia; but none regarding the instilt offered to iBr. Boule by LoPis Napoleon. The Pacific railroad has collapsed, governor Pease Diaving official notified W~lker & Cor that th: proffered securities were insufficient and advertise! a new letting. It appears that the stodk offered on deposit consistedof 24,000 shares pf the ;Sussex iron company of New Jer sey, v~lued ty the holders at $300,000; and as additional security, a certificate for 11,920 shares!of the Mechanics' bank of Memphis, Tennesse, valued at $298,000, and two cer tificates of r ew York state stock, for $1,000 each. The New York state stock the govern or considers acceptable, and such as the law authoiises him to accept; but the other stocks are not of this class. He says the legislature "could nevir have intended that this deposit might;be made in the capital stock of a bank or mahufacturing company, which is merely the fund or property employed in the business of the corporation, and its value is dependent upon the fluctuations and casualties of trade, and nmay be entirely destroyed by misfortune, mism:tnagement, or fraud of the directors and office s." The assignment of Such stocks he justl]. thinks would render Texas "at once a part caner of the stock and property belonging to the corpo ations," which is in violation of the constiitution, as that document ordains that the "Stat. shall not be part owner of the stock or propqrty belonging to corporations," axmd he exprrnses surprise that Messrs. Walker & Co. should have offered such stocks, when he dis tinctlt, informed them in August last, that the stock1; of no private corporation could be re ceivet. Th'e Texas Republican, in its review of the subjet, says that: Tle capital stock of the Mechanics' bank of Memphis is limited to $300,000. The State of iexa i, by the acceptance of this deposit of its stock will become the owner of $298,000 of it, and eccording to its charter, be liable for all the i sues of the bank, and all the deposits mad in it. So far from the stock being a se curitj, to the State, the acceptance or transfer of it night create a liability against the State for ai indefinite amount, in case of the failure of the bank, or the mismanagement or fraud of the five directors of it, holding only $2,000 iout of the $300,000, which is the capital of the bank. Tsie preferred stock of the Sussex iron com pany of New Jersey, seems equally objectiona ble. There is no evidence before him show ing tie authority for the issuing of this prefer red ,.tock, and the inference is that it has been done: in violation of its charter, and therefore not binding on the company. This organisa tion has. according to its own estimate, proper ty oitly to the amount of $422,000, though the comrany expect profits on railroad iron, etc., in thlt next 12 months, estimated at $1,558,000. The certificate of the governor of New Jersey simply gives his opinion of the value of the stock. The treasurer differs from the opinion of the governor, and states that he has accepted the depcsit. The governor believes that the trea surer had a right up to the expiration of the 60 days to accept any stock the company might offer, but after that time, it remained with the governor to say whether the law had been com plied with, and to affirm or annul the contract. In accordance with this opinion, he has declar ed that the company has.failed to comply with the law, and, therefore, the contract is null and void. Col. Johnson, on the part of Walker & Co., has filed a protest against this decision of the gove nor, and publishes a card, in which he says that the company will organise, as con temlllatcd, at Montgomery, Alabama, and pro ceed immediately towards the construction of the road. If the Walker company is composed of capi talisti, or men of good credit, it is time that this quibbling and shifting should cease. If they are not able to raise and invest $300,000 in the speculation, it is ridiculous for them to talk of building a railway to the Pacific. TuE MOSQUITO QUESTI..--The Washington Star and other semi-official journals assert, on what; they allege to be undoubted authority, i that the British government has issued orders to it. naval officers and diplomatic agents in the \'est Indies and Central America, which amoient to the abandonment of the Mosquito protectorate, as far aw Greytown is concerned. These officers are directed not to interfere there any farther than to protect recognised and bona fide British subjects; not to assert any right of sovereignty or any jurisdiction over the place; not to intermeddle with any quarrel be tweeil the transit company and the town, or with any controversy that may there be going i on as respects titles to land or the right of pos session, and to leave occupants and claimants to settle it as they can. They are not even to lend any support to the titles to lands issued: hitherto by the former British vice consul at i the place. Claims of actual British subjects for damages in the Hollins' bombardment are to be taken notice of, and to be reported, but nothing more. And if the American vesselsin the port salute the flag of Nicaragua, or any other flag, nothing is to be said or done against it. In a word, the protectorate is abandoned, at Icast at San Juan; and if Nicaragua could now take possession of the place, she would meet with no opposition from the British gov ernmient. The Star expresses the opinion that England has not entirely abandoned her protec torate over the so called Mosquito kingdom, but merely designs -holding it in abeyance whilst her attention is occupied with the Rus sian question. It admits, however, that the in tention to send the Boscawen, 90 gun ship to San Juan has been abandoned; that vessel be ing now at Halifax, without any intention ofi starting on the expedition for which she was designed on leaving England. A mischievous scamp hoaxed the newspa pers of Boston, a few days since, with a doen mcnnt purporting to be a genuine thanksgiving proclamation by the governor. The Boston Journal, which is, office-holders' organ like, in the habit of commending every thing the gov ernor does, copied the false proclamation as the production of "our excellent governor," and pronounced it a "model for imitation, being comprehensive, concise and eloquent in thought and diction." On finding out that it was a counterfeit, the Journal, the next morning, said that "no one who is familiar with the produc tios of our excellent and talented governor, aoild for a moment suppose that he was the writer of such a flimsy document." Tbhe last Central Texian; published at An de~son, says that, the corn contract was award ed at fort Belknap at $2 23 and $4 24 per b~ishel, and observes that we can't see why Uncle Sam, as good a paymaster as .there is i thit worJd, shoul be forced to pay ovei190 per, cent. sho'e the ordinary ratos of i e r There haserinly beea "swa gigo h Ms. FzL.O.Lo.-The Boston Post and afew tninct=oliceeholders' organs, are making efforts to misrepresent the opinions' of ex'president Fillmore, on some points in times past. They have reproduced, what they call, his letter of 1838, in which are expressed what they style his anti-slavers sentiments, and reprmint his let ter of June, 1848,.after his nomination for the vice presidency. Ih regard to the letter of 1838, ascribed to Mr. Fillmore, and reported to have been written to Wm. Jay and Gerritt Smith, the editor of the Buffalo Advertiser (published in the city of Mr. F.'s residence,) states that Mr. F. made no such reply as is des cribed, either in language or in substance. The letter to which he replied was totally dif ferent and was from Wm. Mills, chairman of an anti-slavery society of Erie county. In that letter, wlilst Mr. F. approved of the proposi tions stated, he distinctly declined to pledge himself in advance to any course as a member of congress which would deprive him of "all discretionary power." He would not become their tool or machine. He was elected, and his course was approved by the people of the en tire Union. The letter of June, 1848, was writ ten after his nomination to the vice presidency. In reply to Mr. Gowan, the interrogator, Mr. Fillmore said, among other things, that,"while I never have, and trust I never shall, shrink from any official responsibility that may be cast upon me, I am admonished by the experience of others that, as the candidate of the party that has put me in nomi nomination, I am not at lib erty now to make up and publish my political faitl. A whig convention, without solicitation on my part, has generously taken me upon trust, and if there be any other sect or party that have sufficient confidence in my patriotism and integrity to give me their support on the same conditions, I shall be grateful for the fa I vor; but -must say to all that my past conduct is the only pledge that I can give for my future course. I must be at liberty when, called up on to act, to do what I think is right." And he did, whilst president, what the body of the calm-thinking people of the Union thought right. He was fairly tried in times of peril to the Union, and proved himself to be an! American statesman. This is a title of which any man may be proud. The history of our country cannot present a more striking contrast than the administrations of Millard Fillrtore and Franklin Pierce. During the former we had none of the demagoguism, none of the exe cutive'interference in local elections, none of the turning men out of office because they refused to affiliate with 'soft-shell' free-soilers and abo litionists, as has been such prominent features and the "grand measures" of the Pierce ad ministration. Other democratic journals begin to join the Delta in its verdict thatthe administration par ty is "dead." The Democratic Review-the great organ of democracy-mournfully states that, "this is assured and self-evident to us: that the names of "whig" and "democrat" no longer represent the two political parties into which the American people are divided; and that, sooner or later, by preconcerted signal or the compulsion of circumstances, the christian c,.,servative and intellectual elements of whig gery and democracy, must combine against the atheistic Jacobism which levies war against that constitution which, miutually, though with dif ferent ceremonials, we venerate and have pro tected." It has come to it at last. After hav ing for twenty years villified and misrepresen ted the whigs, the great mouth-piece of demo cracy and official expounder of the principles of the party, candidly acknowledges that the dem ocrats must combine with the whigs to preserve the constitution, and save the ship of state from destruction; to the very verge of which it has been brought by the mismanagement of the de mocratic party and the Pierce administration. Butwe are glad that the Review has found out that it is "never too late to repent," and we are, therefore, disposed to 'pity the sorrows of the poor old man.' Public attention throughout the country is be coming awakened to the laws' delay and legal uncertainties. It is no exaggerated estimate, asserts the Cincinnati .ommercial, to say that during one half the year our courts are engaged in remodelling or overturning the work of the other half. Indeed the estimate is rather low; for few suibprs are fortunate enough to get out of the 'knotty entrails' of the law, with me'e ly some experience of its delay, or even with a second or third assurance of its whimsicality. A verdict or a judgment in your favor is noth ing. It is only.a lucky hit for the day; a 'stol en accident,' distressing to your adversary for the moment, but not at all subversive of his hope. Next motion day his lawyer comes into court, induces the judge to believe that at the folaner hearing the case was more entangled by the pleading, gets a new trial and at the next term that $5000 damages, whichl you had cred ited, perhaps, as an off-set for contingencies, isi swept clean out of your clutches by a "verdict for the defendant." A case was decided by judge Thurman, last week, says the Commer cial, which has been passed upon by five oth er judges within the last five years. Is the end thereof come yet? Well, we can say, the law is somewhat better managed in Louisiana. The Marshall Meridian is demonstrating the importance of the general government building a navy yard at Galveston, in place of the one, abolished at Memphis. Build the Pacific rail-! road first, then we will talk about a navy yard. It is a bad plan to have too many irons in the fire at one time. The Counterfeit Detector cautions the pub lic against counterfeit notes on the bank of the State of North Carolina, and the hank of Cape Fear. These counterfeits are mostly $10 and $50 notes, very well executed and exceedingly difficult to detect. A large number of these spurious bills are in circulation. The free democratic ('pure steel' abolition ists) state convention of New Hampshireas nominated Asa Fowler, of Concord, ex-partner 1 in the practice of law with president Pierce, as their candidate for governor of the State. John P. Hale, and several other abolitionists, deliv ered speeches. The Marshall and Jefferson papers are-call ing upon the citizens of Cass, Harrison and the 1 adjoining coiunties, to aid in clearling out the. lake and bayous, so that boats will find no im pediments in the navigation. Much good has already ben tdone by cutting away the stumips, and t rrfw thousand dfotllars judiciously expe. dia "o i kito e the ,ai gqn easy add sadfeadJ~y. $ *he New York Journai-of Commerce con tains-an able article on [reland, "~iich brings to light many interesting facts. It appears that America has contributed -iost successfully to the recovery of the Emerald Isle from that, at one time, hopeless state oftlepression, disorga nisation and degradation which made at her once the curse and the shame of England, is a fact that will now admit of no dispute. Ainer ica as offered an asylum to her refhindantpo pulation, without which it is more than proba ble, her recovery, or any advance towards it, could never have been effected. During the last seven years this country has been receiv ing the poor Irish at the rate of about 220,000 a year. About a million and a half of her po [ pulation has, during that short period, found a home in America-in our happier land-of that very population which could scarcely find sub sistence of any'kind in their own country, and which was felt as an incubus, and did indeed constitute a canker upon the united kingdom. We gave them liberty, protection and a comfort able livelihood-blessings to which they had, in a great measure, been strangers all their lives before. We afforded them the opportu nity not only of helping themselves, but of as I sisting the suffering relations and poor friends whom they left behind. The amountof money sent firom this country to Ireland, by her°poor emigrants, for the a'ssistance of their connex ions there, is one of the most striking phenom ena which her strange case presents. It is as certained, through the medium ofAnglo-Amer ican banking houses, that from the year 1848 to 1853 the amount has gone on gradually inr creasing from about two millions and a half to upwards of eleven millions of dollars a year!- The last official statement shows a grand total of £4,351,000 sterling for that period; the amount for the last year (1853) ofthe retuYl being £1,404 060 sterling, or upwards of seven millions of dollars. Thus, in five years, have those who arrived in America almost naked, nearly penniless and without a home, been able to save out of the liberal wages so bounteously paid to them by the American people and send back to the old country about twenty-one mil lions and three quarters of dollars. A calcula tion has been made that, supposing these sums to have been sent over by the emigrants of the six months or one year's previous dates, it amounts to about twenty dollars transmitted by each emigrant from Ireland-a sum quite suf ficient, with what is known to be transmitted by private hands, to defray the whole cost of emi gration-so that America and Americans, not teland and Irishmen, practically pays the ex penses of Irish immigration to the U. States for the money comes out of the pockets of the Americans. Thus, in a two-fold degree, are we aiding in the lrecovery of Ireland from the sad condition into which she had sunk. For near fifty years has the United States proved to be "a perfect California" for Ireland-it has not only afforded a home, food, raiment and employment to her indigent sons, but has ena bled them to send food and money to their poor families in "the old country"-and it appears passing strange, when one hears or perceives the abuse heaped upon America and Amer icans by Irishmen. and by Irish newspapers published in the United States. HIow comesit that such is the case? President Pierce may with propriety throw up his hands, and cry aloud, W'ave me from my friends." As an instance, a few days pre vious to the election in Ohio, a gathering of the Piercites was convoked in Cincinnati, which was addressed by Mr. G. H. Pendleton, the "regular nominee" of the party for congress in the second district. He is the law-partner of Mr. Pugh, U. S. senator from Ohio, and was the only democrat in the field from his district during the canvass. In his speech lie inform ed the "great unterrified" that in respect to the Nebraska law, he stood "on the ground that it was the subject of yesterday, rather than of to-day. When it was passed," exclaimed he, "I was opposed to it, and under no circum stance, except that of the most over-ruling im perious political necessity, could I have been induced to vote for the repeal of the Missouri 1 compromise-whl h had not only the form of law, but the sacred and binding obligation of a compact; and the representatives of the States which voted for the admission of Missouri and voted forits repeal, did what bears the sem blance of bad faith." He begged to remind them that he was "a thorough-going democrat, in favor of free territory, and one who will nev er give a vote by which slave territory would be increased. Such are the principles of demo cracy, and the president will ca.ry them out." Notwithstanding these opinions, the south will doubtless be told by each and every one of the office-holders' organs how much it has lost by the defeat of such a pure democratic fr'iend and natural ally! The know nothings defeated Mr. Pendleton so badly that he will never again be heard of. Many queer things were said at the same meetings by other aspirants for office. Judge Stalto (a naturalised Prussian) informed the audience that, "as to political opinions, I will prionounce my own views, not tempered by the policy of designing democrats at home, or that of the administration at Washington. Presi dent Pierce has been kneeling to the free-soil I ers of the north, and then to the disunionists at the south, and he is net worthy of the support of either portion of the Union. His ad ministration has been a miserable, skulking, sneaking, cowardly one-neither Mr. Pierce nor judge Douglas deserve popularrespect." Funny times, when at "regular democratic" meetings, called to advance, the cause of admin istration candidates, the administration itself has to be denounced by the speakers. Presi dent Pierce has a singular sort of hold upon his party, and no hold whatever on the people, and the latter are by no means loth to show it. Take away the "loaves and fishes" and there will not be left even a solitary Piercite to tread the deserte4 banquet hall. A late number of the London Times records > the fact that four English paupers had arrived 1 there, who had been sentback from Boston, by - the authorities of the city, because of'their hav ing been paupers when they were shipped to America. The Times wonders that they were not retained, at Boston, and converted into voters and office-holders. The New York Tribune positively asserts s that it hasin iti j session proof, in Daniel Ull man's own handwriting, that he is of foreign birth, and calls' upon tlhe public to come for I wani apu spaI e the 4occumets. Mr". UIl t man, it will e remember..:d EP.~no. nnothng nominee for governor of New York. The news frglieastopol, is very stirrng. The 9perations, ip to h 27th of October,wve been characterized me very sanguinary o currences, whh wil carry wo and miseryypthA many families in happy ngland. It is very difficult to gather th~actual results, thus far, the opations. In ont e part it is said that Lfot Constantine is in great danger, in another, that it has proved quite as strong as was apprehen ded.and ftat its fire had dismounted thirty-three guns of the allies' bastio n. We do not understand this very clearly, as fort Constantine commands thp north*n en trance of the bay on which Sebastopol is situa ted, and the position of the allies is to the southeast. It is probable the fort referred to is fort Alexander, of ninety guns, which defends the southern mouth of the bay of Inkerman. It had been previously stated that the allies had captured the quarantine fort, which would bring them within striking distance of fort Alex anger. It is left in doubt whether the injury to this fort has been effected by the bombardment or the explosion of a magazine. But of one fact there appears to be little or no doubt, and that is, that the Russian army outside- of the city made a fierce onslaught on the allied position, achieved several advantages, and inflicted upon them a very severe loss. The English cavalry suffered particularly. The aristocracy of Eng land, from which the cavalry officers are chiefly selested, will be clothed in mourning. Altogether, though the bombardment is pro ceeding vigorously, it is quite evident that the allies are in a position which must give their several governments great alarm and concern. They may yet rescue themselves by the invinci ble valor of their troops, but the chances ap pear to be against them. The desperate char acter of this enterprise is now clearly devel oped. Confined to a corner-the Russians commanding all the communications into the intcrior the position of the allies must be a very embarrassing one, nor would it be greatly improved if they were to obtain possession of the city, with the enemy occupying the interior. VICKSBaRG SHREVEPORT AND TEXAS RAILROAD. Much anxiety has been felt says the Vicksburg Whig, recently by all interested in the construc tion of this road, in relation to the rightof way between the Mississippi river and Richmond. When the building of this road was first agita ted, it was the general impression that scarcely a single land owner iji the parish of Madison would 'hesitate a moment in granting a free right of way-so important was it to that parish to have the terminus on the Mississippi river of the great western road. Recently, however, it has been understood, that several between here and Richmond, who have been regarded as excellent friends of the road, have determined to claim damages for the right of way. We regretted very much to hear this, because, we know that the gentlemen who are said to be claiming damages, are not only very friendly to the construction of the road, but abundantly able to grant a free right of way. We have a letter from Mr. Coleman, the energetic president, from Richmond, which is flattering in its character, and rather induces the belief that some misapprehension has exis ted in relation to this matter. .He gives us the names of several who have freely relinquished the right of way, and seems to be sanguine that when he sees others who have been said to be claiming damages, that they will also relinquish freely. In the mean time, however, he is hav ing juries appointed to assess damages, in the event they should positively refuse to make a free grant, so that the progress of the work may not be impeded. As the great enterprise is yet in its infancy, and struggling for a good cb'm mencement, we sincerely hope that those who have contemplated claiming damages may re consider the matter and grant the right of way whenever it can be done without serious detri ment to personal interests. Such a course will not only be of great service to the interests and prosperity of the work, but in our opinion ad vantageous to every man-who makes the grant. The Yazoo river was never in aworse condi tion for navigation than at present. In addition to the great scarcity of water, innumerable snags and logs appear in the channel, and in many places, sand bars of the worstkind stretch almost from shore to shore. We hope that congress may find it compati ble with duty and propriety to give its consent to the appropriation of such swamp lands as are not consumed for levying purposes, to the 'learing out of the Yazoo river, and putting it in a navigable condition. Already has the ces sation of river communication with Vicksburg I operated seriously against the interest of our merchants, and it will be impossible to estimate the injury that may accrue to us, if the present I state of things is suffered to continue." [Yazoo Democrat. That is a very modest expression of hope, for a paper opposed to internal improvements by the general government. The Democrat could not, to be consistent with its party princi ples, for a moment listen to the ide¶aof congress appropriating a dollar to improve rivers and har bors, but it at the same time, can propose that body shall cede the remainder of its swamp lands for such improvements! It could not think of congress appropriating money to clear out snags and remove obstruction in rivers, in whose trade and navigable condition several states are interested, but it can hope that the body will appropriate its lands to perform th'tt work in a river lying entirely within one state, and in which only thb trade of that state is interested! Now what matters it whether congress appro priate its lands or its money? One of 'Pierce's arguments in his insane veto, was that congress had no more right to donate its lands than its treasury funds. And yet the Democrat asks for the former in order to improve the Yazoo, when it would denounce the appropriation of the latter to improve the Ohio-nor does it content itself even for the Yazoo, with the wish that congress should donate a part of its lands for the improvement of that stream, in order that the remainder may be made more valuable,but it asks for the appropriation*of the swamp lands not already consumed, without any reser vation. and with a view to a local improvement merely! We are in favor of internal improvements, and are glad to see a practical relaxation ofi the opposition of the Democrat to the system, but we cannot help noting how constitutional ob jections to the doctrine, no matter how strenu ously urged, almost always sink, when a local stream, just around home, it is to be improved or benejtted. Rivers and harbors are always unconstitutional, but a home stream, or a home bay is always within the line of expediency,and the scope of the resolutions of '98 and 99. The grand lakes, the Ohio and the Mississippi, are extremely unconstitutional objects of improve ment in the eyes of the North Carolina delega tion, and of Mississippi congressmen, but to Cape Fear river and the Yazoo, there can be no possible objection in the view of the strict est constructionist! . The Massachusetts papers, Qne and all, are rating the postmaster-general for his want of4 gallantry and respect towards the fair sex. It, appears that Mrs. Sarah E. Newell, the well known postmistress at Chelsea, Mass., has re ceived official information that her services in that capacity is no longer needed. Her suc cessor is Gideon W. Young, a noisy abolition ist, for'merly of Scituate, who was appointedto a place in the Boston customhouse by president Pork, where he sucked treasury pap for four years, and is aregularbred office-seeking bhap. Mrs. Newell is a widow, a lady of talent and amiability, and a general favorite with the citi zens of the town, and the Times says that the only fault which the postmaster-genera coiild possibly find with her, was that she is entirely' too honest-never having stolenia vl ah let ter, or proved a defaulter. We presume that the Pierce administratio s so e maekw only upon -mu poorib widows at hat. NOsy N~ O~AT LSAND SLAVErY.--There are a class of spo4l democrats at the south,and they are: very n erqs, who-are quite clamo rous in their apoWs imen of all parties at the south, to uni.i.it the "democracy of the free states," whic~ in the Pierce democracy, conosed of r s, abolitionists and spoils mer of every ible hue and shade Yes, it is with such. map t theppi s Iemocrats of the south would have southern men unite in the formation of a party, merely to secure the spoils, for the majority of the administration detinocrats of th.e6fre states enrta feelings of hostility to the south and he;institutions. To those southern democrat.4who are thus direct ing their energies,;we cooimend the following article of the Charleston Mereuryv-for over 20 t years the special organ of the l'aienttd John C1 . Calhoun-a journal whose southern rights creed, democracy, and zealous support of this piebald administration, no man will question or gainsay. The Mercury says: "The people of the south should understand r on what grounds the democrats in the free t states are defending the Nebraska act. They t assert that the free states, in consequence of their greater capacity for colonization, will take possession of all the north west territory, and I therefore, that the Missouri compromise, which secured all of that territory lying south of the latitude of 36 deg. 80 min., was a slavery mea sure. It secured, they say, to the south, for their colonization, with their slaves, some five or six. states, that the repeal of this compro mise, by the Nebraska act, has opened all this r territory to the colonization of the free states, and that those who uphold this act. are, there fore, the true anti-slavery men. Thus, demo - crats at the north are seeking success by de - nouncing the institution of slavery. No party defends it, and no party upholds the Nebraska act, on the score of justice to the south. All claim to be anti-slavery men, and to pursue the course best calculated to exclude slavery from I our territories, and to weaken the position of f the southern states. As a specimen of their positions, we give an editorial from the Detroit Free Press, supposed to be° general Cass's organ: "We cannot doubt that the Detroit Tribune speaks by authority, when it announces, as it did on Tuesday, that Mr. William A. Howard is in favor of repealing the Nebraska act. The Tribune is Mr. Howard's peculiar organ, and it would hardly make so material a statement, without the knowledge and consent of the per Sson most interested. "Let it be known, then, that Mr. Howard is in favor of repealing the Nebraska act. Let it be known that he is in favor of reestablishing a line south of which slavery was and would con tinue to be legalized by congress. Let it be known that he is in favor of despoiling the thousands of settlers in Nebraska and Kansas of their rights acquired under the present law. "We thank the Tribune for its announcement. We now know where Mr. Howard stands. We can now drive the nail through him and clinch it on the other side. He in favor of the old odious Missouri compromise line-a line which the anti-slavery people of the north have con demned from the day of its establishment up to the time Mr. Dixon of Kentucky proposed to re peal it. He is in favor-for that would be the inevitable effect of reestablishing the line-of consigning all the Louisiana territory lying south of 36 deg. 30 to slavery, and this terri tory is extensive enough for half dozen states! "Mr. Howard must stand up to the naked declaration that he is in favor of repealing the Nebraska act. When the Nebraska act is re pealed the Missouri line will be reinstated, and ,slavery will be legalized south of it! "Mr. Stuart is opposed to the repeal of the Nebraska act. He does not believe that con gress has power to establishi slavery in the terri tories, nor of course, to prohibit it. The whole question belongs to the peo'ple, and with them the Nebraska act places it!" We notice, continues the Mercury, the pecu liar point of this article, because itis the favor ite argument even of senator Douglas. By thel way, it is not true, that thete is any such extent of territory as is here represented, lying south of 36 deg. 30m., and belonging to the Louisiana purchase. There is no territory at all, south of that line, that is open to colonization. The whole of it has been specifically assigned to the Indian tribes, and belongs to them as much as South Carolina belongs to the South Carolini ans, and so far from being sufficient to form six states, the whole of it is little, if any, larger than the single state of Missouri. To magnify this territory, and to represent it as open to white settlement, and therefore as laid open to I northern colonization by the Nebraska act,is all mere political gammon. It is for the purpose of bothering the public mind, not of enlight i ening it. But the point is this, that by the Missouri compromise, the territory 'south of 36 deg. 30 min., was secured to the south, that slavery was legalized by congress in that region. This is all wrong. The Missouri compromise,so called was nothing but a prohibition of slavery north of that line. It neither pretended to legalize, nor did it allude to the existence of slavery south of the line. The south never claimed for congress the power to legalize the existence of I slavery. They denied that power, equally with the power to prohibit it. The one necessarily goes with the other. Slavery is an existing fact,under the constitution of the United States, recognised by it as one of the elements of our system, and that rightfully claims its place, wherever the people desire it, and where it is not prohibited by state authority. There is the position of the south on the question of con gressional power over slavery. Undoubtedly the Nebraska act falls short of sustaining this position, and we have never pre tended otherwise. But it is better than that pro hibition of slavery, that isknown by the name of the Missouri compromise. [Augusta (G Chronicle. FALSE PACKED COTTON.-It appears that not withstanding the repeated exposures of fraud in the packing of cotton, the scandalous prac tice is still carried on. The Memphis Whig of the 7th inst., says: The extent to which this disgraceful system of fraud is being practiced is truly astonishing, as it denotes to a greater or less degree a very demoralizing condition among the planting com munity, for to such a degree is it carried that its injurious effects reflect upon them as a body. Hardly a day.passes that our attention is not called to cases where the false packinghas been detected, or the sales of lists thrown up on ac count of this rascality, and on yesterday our attention was called to a shipment of nineteen bales returned from New Orleans. The origi nal samples by which this cotton waspurchased were shown along side of samples drawn from the centre of the bales, showing the most glar ing and unwarrantable trickery and deception we had ever seen. The inside of some bales were water patcked, others composed of old cotton plated with new, and some of th.e mosrt inferior grade of' cotton; while the sides were! plated with a good quality, a differenee offtrom one to four cents a pound between the inside and the outside. Such infamous rascality de serves not only pulbjlic exposure, but the perpe trators of'such daring frauds are more worthy of the penitentiary than of the esteem of their fellow-men. The Missisippian hits DeBow's Review ahard lick, but one richly merited. It denominates it a "southern periodical with northern principles' The magazine is dadtegs New Orleans, but is in reality printed ad piinblished in CGincinnati, and the only thinrg southern about it,:is its sub scribers a the south. . . A cotemporary wants to kw ~ hether the preseiat. abomi' le Oan utof the United' States il, t ittibe attributed wilb a lease answer. General 1ztelgence. NEW i .oax, No. 13.-The Collins lantic arrived here on$ nd.dy at noon. She Liverpool dates to the lt instut,. The iege of Sebastpol is progressin lo small breach has been ntwo of te otw have been silenced; butth IRs ns ad t nad s sortie, and spikedpi teen French gu and captued an English nobleman, l d Dunki . 1.. AwrL S The persons have bee washed . T boat boarded the wreck t i thought that all the rema were still standing, iled and thirty sengers were land frop the w tek tsoreig Fifty dead od.a ~es re pi shore One hundred ana fi tfive p R e eaved from tdie .wrek. t ohd. a= th been w hst: New YoeR, 1iuv.1 T - t re.C'sehr this morning a9 o'cloc paprs contals ollowig intere g inte tre TE RECxNT BA ESI- h sIa dissa#CtI state that the allies-,ad thk e d toi severe defet near Sebastopol-if osnd o the Reng ments thse French outworks were destroyed ai 6 ofheirgtm spiked, and iitiae c tath1 4n1eh were routed with the loss ofh rses Te reni h rent not given, the papersn onso gieg as tae. t de i of the R ussian disatahe s t ~atsng tr b thes; story is improbable The facts appear to be that th Russian nexpet. edly attackeds the forts at 'Balkklva on tohe d eie October, when the Turks bel 1i' to the eariai ingloriously fled. The Scote h im ents in the forts, however, remase4d firm, but the Rusasians aiL ceeded in seizing the gunas ad turned them ulp allies. Othern forces of the, ies -cme up andtid main body of 'the Russians was compelled to retireg though they still held possession of the forts frons which they kept up a constant fire on'theFreneb and English. Three regiments of the sBritish, cavalry were exposed to a cross fire for some otime, and au. fered terribly. The French acted with great brais. ry, but their loss was anot o great as that of the Brit. ish. The next day the atactk was resumed by Mens chikoff, and a sortie was made simultaneou-ly " . the garrison of Sebastopol; The result, howevr was that the Russians were driven back withl. ineinse loss. The loss of life in Sebastopol is said to have een so great, that large numbers of the dead ,remasl unburiod, and the airmephere was tainted by t etfuvia from themt 4c ording to the statements of: some of the RWoindedorlers 4f thE Rassianas, vk had been taken to Balaklava, Sebastopol would soon be in the hands of the allies. In the mean thee lord Raglan prefers to continue the bombardment, rather than make a sudden assault, which must be attended with immense loss of life. The Russian accounts represent their losses as small, and their affairs generally in a very favorable condition. Both the Russian and allied-armies had received further reinforcements to a considerable extent. Lord RIaglan's chief interpreter, a Greek, had been discovered to be aRussian spy, and hadbeei sent'tts iconstantinople for tral. Letters by the Asia state that on the 25th Octobert a Russian force attacked a detached camp of the Eng lih, taking four redaubts andeleven gpes, and caus in a heavy loss of British .cavalry. 'he aci n nt 'o this affair was confirmed by advices received b Greek merchants at Odessa. - - Admiral Natchikof, of the Russian navy, hai been killed by a shell. -- 0 - m.ort- T-l . Menchikoff's offieal report of the battle of the Alma, states the losses of the Ruseans at 4500 kill. ed and wounded. A dispatch from lord Stratford de Redchiffe, on the 4th November, confirms the report of the Russia. an attack on the forts at Balaklava, and th great battle that followed. The accodri are fiuostly con. flicting. Thie Asia brings a report that lord Elgin, theo l~ governor general of Canada, has been detained isn England on account of some deafiicucy in his i counts. BosTON, Nov. 14.-Gardner, know nothings~ , been elected governor by 1000 mdjority. Tile kaeo nothings have swept the State, and elected thte tc, gressmen, State senate, and representatives. Loumsvieu , Nov. 14.-The steamer Forrester was destroyed by fire, last night at Richmond, Ohiof-e The steward, chambermaid, and several deck hanmdm are supposed to have perished. - A party of men from New'York i ae engAged in target practice in Queens county, L. I., a few das since, and having placed their target in range of somea shanties, aball struck aboy named Denis Dunn, aid kr.lld him. Five of the party were arrested. P. B. Manchester, the Cincinnati banker, whom.. a grand failure a short time time since, and afiei.= wardcis fled the city, has been arrested at Lawrence burg, Indiana, and taken back to Cincinnati. Thera is a strong feeling against himon account of the ex travagant mode of living pursued by himself and family. A few evenings previous to his failure Mrsý Manchester appeared at'a party wearing a dress ad& brilliants that cost ;20,000. WASIUINGTON, Nov. 17.-The Star, of this city, says that the steamer San Jacinto was in readiness at theI port of Southampton, to convey Mr. Soule to Madrid,. and that at the latest dates Mr. Buchanan and M-e Mason were discussing the propriety f Mr. Soule's returning to his post by such a conveyance. NEW oaK, Nov, 17.--Several of the papers'ptio foss to have information thalt the Soule affair hs; been settled, th't Louis Napoleon had rescinded the, order excluding him from France, and that Mr. S. wa.- to have left London on the 4th inst. for Madrid. Max Ballin, a Wall street, NewYFork, g= mer chant, has been sent to prison for forging labels on champagne bottles. The counsel fortle defence ob. jected to the judgment, on the plea that Ballinwas a "gentleman, and, therefore, should not be dealt with. like the common herd of villains!" Accordingtothis creed it is noharr in a gentleman, aliaswine bottler,. to commit forgery. Theunitarian church."inCondord, fI. $, was lately consumed by fire. The New York Journalof. Commeree says that the banks of that city are. determined, if' possible, to, prevent any further exportation.of specie. A correspondent of the oston Atlias,writingfrom Marseilles, states that the Englih. consul at that place had received reliable information that thenmost fearful ravages of cholera were devastating Messina, no less than 16,000, persons having fallen victims out of a .population of 40,000! A mortality hardly less than during the prevalence of the great plague in 1748. The number of deaths in Philadelphia iluring tht three months ending September 30, was 4,541, being an average of 49 deaths daily; or one in every thou sand, based on the present population, calculated at 450,000. 45,OUISVILLE, NOV. 17.-There is now scant thirty inches water in the canal here, aund three feet scant on the Portland bar, and the river falling slowly. CINCINNATI, Nov. 17.-The river here is now at a stand. The flour market is quiet at $7 65@ 7 75 9 barrel. Whiskey has advanced with sales at 31c. t. gallon. Sales of hogs at $3 75 @4 ?) 100 t.s. PITrTScnRG, Nov. 17.--There is now 40 inches water in the channel here, and the river yet rising. A gentleman recently returned from Kensas, in describing- a toen wherethe view was not obstruct ed by any houses gives the following description of the printed office of the place: lie noticed, among others, a small tent near an oak tree, under the comfortable shade of which stood a man wearing the air of perfect content,up tohis case busily engaged in setting type, enjoying the inde pendent reflection of being editor,,, publisher, print or, proprietor, &c. of every branch of the colcoern, save the important position of his typical majesty, the devil--a chunk of a lad whose whole contour arid countenance were in fair keeping with the boss. Upon inspection he found the tent of barely suf ficient capacity to contain the press and its commit ants-bank and the imposing stone-the forms be ing removed hither wheni prepared for the press. The administration are said to be greatly exercised over the choice of a successor for Brigham Young, whose ternt=t governor of Utah has expired. The Washington Star is very sure that the successor will not he a Mormon.. During the last month, seventy-seven thousand of acres of land were entered at the land office in St. Louis under Mr. Ott's graduation. act of the last con gress. The most of it was taken at the bit price. The land office is ndw elosed, arid will be so until the first of next mboth, to brhing up business. Then there will be another rush. The Galveston JduruaLhas the following: "We learn this mornirgfrohiu t a.eliable source, that gen. Sam. Houston. is actually' engaged i. :rtheriag the organization, and advocating the doct:..es of 'kao nothingisa' i' the interior of the State. Can our neighb6r eOf tte Civiliash enlighten us upon the sub ject, and 1 hetherhe dan.or iot, will he advise us di's tinctly, if'this rumor betitrue, what he thinks of it? On the Fourth of July last, the U. States ships Susquelanaant i :antdaiad~ atthe British steamn frigate Encounter were at hai. On that day one ofthe seamenon e British steamor, lot hiright arm, whi r ate in honor of our natic as day, (the fcºt. '.'l ers and men of the United Staits .sliips. pe n the accident, made himi a, donation i~ the ~ of a tw hundred and eighty thre4... . sta erlir , bill of exchange. which shls "the got feelig avpiathy existing among the o9ljptora crewsao t <two services. Late advkesJ .Cgr Ahina say'thabt an outrageof a high-aindeshat cter has ibeen perpetrated against the United State'gaveunmeat by firing at the Amner ican coistdarol d wounding hnim severely. Other outrages had beer ~ d, calli.g loudly for re A merchant in New4 Yo'r lamied Bonco, has been bound oa `` tie sum * ', t`vti' i ter the chadt iti·eTi r lioasM of Africa. Rev. Enbeaen.m mtoa nsnabritf engress elect fiom Maine, is a freeeewit i°baptist clergymen; ou. ot twioother imembers df'ongress hromt that Statar also cler~f~vne I the: i. t Ie ala'inri of' M4i5+a£ thlerew .i bxaeay doer mem o.the.eleriest p'rofesslo4 t or seven of whom are, of the ifre e baptie Tore ;" come saturated.