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The south-western. [volume] (Shreveport, La.) 1852-1870, November 29, 1854, Image 2

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OlBee...Corner of Texas and Edwards streets,
WEDNESDAY, ........NOVEMBER 29, 1854.
Messrs. J. M. & J. C. Muarar, Jeferson, Texas.
Mr. WARs BEN.oR, Bonhasm, Faraun County, Texas.
Mr. JAMES B. LIKENs, Henderson, Rusk Co., Texas.
Mr. A. B. FLOWER, Mansiield, and DeSoto Parish, La.
Mr. CLAsXa ADAMS, Plaquemine, and Ihbervile Parish.
W. IL McDowin, 102 Nassau street, New York.
If Those of our town subscribers who do
not receive their papers regularly, will please
send word to the office.
£t'Oua JOB OFFICE.-We have added to
our establishment one otlHoE's PATENT ROTARY
PRESSES, (capable of printing from 1000 to
1500 cards, circulars, etc., per hour,) and an
additional hand-press suitable for pamphlets
and large jobs, together with a fine assortment
of ornamental type, paper, and blank cards,
which enables us to fill orders for every des
cription of printing to any extent in superior
style,. with great despatch and at unusually
low prices. _ ..
The weather for the past three days has been
extremely cold-ice each morning.
The river has risen four or five inches since
our last, and we learn that there has been a rise
of two feet above the raft. The navigation has
improved between Alexandria and the mouth.
The, election on Monday last passed over
very quietly, and resulted, as was inticipated,
in the triumph of the no license ticket, which
received a majority of 17. The vote polled was
unusually small.
We learn that colonel Ives has two hundred
hands at work on the Vicksburg, Shreveport and
Texas railroad. He is working between the
Mississippi river and Richmond.
We are indebted to doctor Estes, of the De
mocrat, for a specimen of the celebrated "res
cue grass," grown at his farm near town. The
seed, we understand, were brought from the
Mesilla valley, and the grass will undoubtedly
prove invaluable to the planters, farmers and
stock growers in our section of country. It is
very luxuriant, grows fast, and will last during
the entire fall and winter.
We are under obligations to the commander
of the Augusta for files of late papers.
TINwARE.-Messrs. Austin & Goodwyn will
continue the manufactory of copper, tin and
sheet-iron ware, carried on by the late Wm.E.
Pasteur, and being proprietors of one of the
largest establishments in New Orleans, can fill
.orders to any extent at the shortest notice.
DRUGS, MEDICINES, &c.-Mr. T. H1. Morris
has received an extensive assortment of fresh
medicines and chemicals, and opened an apo
thecary store in the building recently occupied
by Mr. Win. B. Miller, where he is prepared
to supply the wants of his old friends and pat
rons, and fill orders from country dealers, plan
ters and others.
Those of our lady readers in want of season
able dry goods, will do well to visit Trabue &
Kline. Their stock is large and of the most
fashionable patterns and fabrics.
A portion of the residence of judge Patillo,
in Marshall, was destroyed by fire list week.
We learn by a telegraphic dispatch that
Placide's Varietes, (theatre,) N. Orleans, was
destroyed by fire a few days since.
The official returns from New York show
that Clarke, whig, has been elected governor
by a small majority, and that the entire whig
state ticket has been elected.
New York papers of the 14th inst., speak of
a bank panic, and rumors of many failures, par
ticularly among the dry goods dealers.
AT IT AcAI.-The Delaware elections took'
place on the 15th inst., and resulted in the
know nothings making a complete sweep of the
State, electing their candidates for governor,
congress, and state officers.
CunA.--It is rumored at Washington that;
the congress of American ambassadors, which.
recently met at Brussels, have agreed in re
porting the entire absence of any democratic
feeling in Europe, and in recommending the
acquisition of Cuba in any shape.
The New York telegraphic correspondent of
the Picayune, under date of the 14th inst., re
ports that the national convention of the know
nothings, at Cincinnati, to-day will nominate as
their candidate for the presidency either ex
president Fillmore, or sena'tor Sam IIouston.
We do not, of course, know by what authority
the above stittement is made, but predict that
the choice did not fall on Sam Houston. iHe
has not sufficient "bottom" for such a race.
The banks at Memphis, Tenn., give notice
that they will not receive on deposit the notes
issued by the free banks of that State, except
those payable at the counter in Memphis. This
includes the Citizens' bank, bank of Memphis,
Commercial bank of Tennessee, and Southern
bank of Tennessee-the old banks.
Moss. SouLs.-The last European steamer
brings information that the Americans in Lon
don and Paris regard the refusal of permission
to Mr. Soul to pass through France as an in
tentional insult offered to the American gov
ernment on the part of Louis Napoleon. Mr.
Mason's request for an explanation of the cause
of refusal was treated with rudeness and in
civility. The London Times justifies the re
fusal, but ridicules the idea of it being made a
subject of national difficulty, and urges that
France can know him only as a private indi
vidual. It is believed, however, that France
will disavow any intention of exhibiting disre
spect for Amerieca by the act. The Washing
ton Star intimates that the government has re
eeived dipatehs, indicating that our relationu
with npainare riticahd iapprachidg acrisia;
but none regarding the instilt offered to iBr.
Boule by LoPis Napoleon.
The Pacific railroad has collapsed, governor
Pease Diaving official notified W~lker & Cor
that th: proffered securities were insufficient
and advertise! a new letting. It appears that
the stodk offered on deposit consistedof 24,000
shares pf the ;Sussex iron company of New Jer
sey, v~lued ty the holders at $300,000; and
as additional security, a certificate for 11,920
shares!of the Mechanics' bank of Memphis,
Tennesse, valued at $298,000, and two cer
tificates of r ew York state stock, for $1,000
each. The New York state stock the govern
or considers acceptable, and such as the law
authoiises him to accept; but the other stocks
are not of this class. He says the legislature
"could nevir have intended that this deposit
might;be made in the capital stock of a bank
or mahufacturing company, which is merely
the fund or property employed in the business
of the corporation, and its value is dependent
upon the fluctuations and casualties of trade,
and nmay be entirely destroyed by misfortune,
mism:tnagement, or fraud of the directors and
office s." The assignment of Such stocks he
justl]. thinks would render Texas "at once a
part caner of the stock and property belonging
to the corpo ations," which is in violation of the
constiitution, as that document ordains that the
"Stat. shall not be part owner of the stock or
propqrty belonging to corporations," axmd he
exprrnses surprise that Messrs. Walker & Co.
should have offered such stocks, when he dis
tinctlt, informed them in August last, that the
stock1; of no private corporation could be re
Th'e Texas Republican, in its review of the
subjet, says that:
Tle capital stock of the Mechanics' bank of
Memphis is limited to $300,000. The State of
iexa i, by the acceptance of this deposit of its
stock will become the owner of $298,000 of it,
and eccording to its charter, be liable for all
the i sues of the bank, and all the deposits
mad in it. So far from the stock being a se
curitj, to the State, the acceptance or transfer
of it night create a liability against the State
for ai indefinite amount, in case of the failure
of the bank, or the mismanagement or fraud of
the five directors of it, holding only $2,000
iout of the $300,000, which is the capital of the
Tsie preferred stock of the Sussex iron com
pany of New Jersey, seems equally objectiona
ble. There is no evidence before him show
ing tie authority for the issuing of this prefer
red ,.tock, and the inference is that it has been
done: in violation of its charter, and therefore
not binding on the company. This organisa
tion has. according to its own estimate, proper
ty oitly to the amount of $422,000, though the
comrany expect profits on railroad iron, etc.,
in thlt next 12 months, estimated at $1,558,000.
The certificate of the governor of New Jersey
simply gives his opinion of the value of the
The treasurer differs from the opinion of the
governor, and states that he has accepted the
depcsit. The governor believes that the trea
surer had a right up to the expiration of the 60
days to accept any stock the company might
offer, but after that time, it remained with the
governor to say whether the law had been com
plied with, and to affirm or annul the contract.
In accordance with this opinion, he has declar
ed that the company has.failed to comply with
the law, and, therefore, the contract is null
and void.
Col. Johnson, on the part of Walker & Co.,
has filed a protest against this decision of the
gove nor, and publishes a card, in which he
says that the company will organise, as con
temlllatcd, at Montgomery, Alabama, and pro
ceed immediately towards the construction of
the road.
If the Walker company is composed of capi
talisti, or men of good credit, it is time that this
quibbling and shifting should cease. If they
are not able to raise and invest $300,000 in the
speculation, it is ridiculous for them to talk of
building a railway to the Pacific.
TuE MOSQUITO QUESTI..--The Washington
Star and other semi-official journals assert, on
what; they allege to be undoubted authority, i
that the British government has issued orders
to it. naval officers and diplomatic agents in
the \'est Indies and Central America, which
amoient to the abandonment of the Mosquito
protectorate, as far aw Greytown is concerned.
These officers are directed not to interfere there
any farther than to protect recognised and
bona fide British subjects; not to assert any
right of sovereignty or any jurisdiction over the
place; not to intermeddle with any quarrel be
tweeil the transit company and the town, or
with any controversy that may there be going i
on as respects titles to land or the right of pos
session, and to leave occupants and claimants to
settle it as they can. They are not even to
lend any support to the titles to lands issued:
hitherto by the former British vice consul at i
the place. Claims of actual British subjects
for damages in the Hollins' bombardment are
to be taken notice of, and to be reported, but
nothing more. And if the American vesselsin
the port salute the flag of Nicaragua, or any
other flag, nothing is to be said or done against
it. In a word, the protectorate is abandoned,
at Icast at San Juan; and if Nicaragua could
now take possession of the place, she would
meet with no opposition from the British gov
ernmient. The Star expresses the opinion that
England has not entirely abandoned her protec
torate over the so called Mosquito kingdom,
but merely designs -holding it in abeyance
whilst her attention is occupied with the Rus
sian question. It admits, however, that the in
tention to send the Boscawen, 90 gun ship to
San Juan has been abandoned; that vessel be
ing now at Halifax, without any intention ofi
starting on the expedition for which she was
designed on leaving England.
A mischievous scamp hoaxed the newspa
pers of Boston, a few days since, with a doen
mcnnt purporting to be a genuine thanksgiving
proclamation by the governor. The Boston
Journal, which is, office-holders' organ like, in
the habit of commending every thing the gov
ernor does, copied the false proclamation as the
production of "our excellent governor," and
pronounced it a "model for imitation, being
comprehensive, concise and eloquent in thought
and diction." On finding out that it was a
counterfeit, the Journal, the next morning, said
that "no one who is familiar with the produc
tios of our excellent and talented governor,
aoild for a moment suppose that he was the
writer of such a flimsy document."
Tbhe last Central Texian; published at An
de~son, says that, the corn contract was award
ed at fort Belknap at $2 23 and $4 24 per
b~ishel, and observes that we can't see why
Uncle Sam, as good a paymaster as .there is i
thit worJd, shoul be forced to pay ovei190 per,
cent. sho'e the ordinary ratos of i e r
There haserinly beea "swa gigo h
Ms. FzL.O.Lo.-The Boston Post and afew
tninct=oliceeholders' organs, are making efforts
to misrepresent the opinions' of ex'president
Fillmore, on some points in times past. They
have reproduced, what they call, his letter of
1838, in which are expressed what they style
his anti-slavers sentiments, and reprmint his let
ter of June, 1848,.after his nomination for the
vice presidency. Ih regard to the letter of
1838, ascribed to Mr. Fillmore, and reported
to have been written to Wm. Jay and Gerritt
Smith, the editor of the Buffalo Advertiser
(published in the city of Mr. F.'s residence,)
states that Mr. F. made no such reply as is des
cribed, either in language or in substance.
The letter to which he replied was totally dif
ferent and was from Wm. Mills, chairman of
an anti-slavery society of Erie county. In that
letter, wlilst Mr. F. approved of the proposi
tions stated, he distinctly declined to pledge
himself in advance to any course as a member
of congress which would deprive him of "all
discretionary power." He would not become
their tool or machine. He was elected, and his
course was approved by the people of the en
tire Union. The letter of June, 1848, was writ
ten after his nomination to the vice presidency.
In reply to Mr. Gowan, the interrogator, Mr.
Fillmore said, among other things, that,"while
I never have, and trust I never shall, shrink
from any official responsibility that may be cast
upon me, I am admonished by the experience
of others that, as the candidate of the party
that has put me in nomi nomination, I am not at lib
erty now to make up and publish my political
faitl. A whig convention, without solicitation
on my part, has generously taken me upon
trust, and if there be any other sect or party
that have sufficient confidence in my patriotism
and integrity to give me their support on the
same conditions, I shall be grateful for the fa
I vor; but -must say to all that my past conduct
is the only pledge that I can give for my future
course. I must be at liberty when, called up
on to act, to do what I think is right."
And he did, whilst president, what the body
of the calm-thinking people of the Union
thought right. He was fairly tried in times of
peril to the Union, and proved himself to be an!
American statesman. This is a title of which
any man may be proud. The history of our
country cannot present a more striking contrast
than the administrations of Millard Fillrtore
and Franklin Pierce. During the former we
had none of the demagoguism, none of the exe
cutive'interference in local elections, none of the
turning men out of office because they refused
to affiliate with 'soft-shell' free-soilers and abo
litionists, as has been such prominent features
and the "grand measures" of the Pierce ad
Other democratic journals begin to join the
Delta in its verdict thatthe administration par
ty is "dead." The Democratic Review-the
great organ of democracy-mournfully states
that, "this is assured and self-evident to us:
that the names of "whig" and "democrat" no
longer represent the two political parties into
which the American people are divided; and
that, sooner or later, by preconcerted signal or
the compulsion of circumstances, the christian
c,.,servative and intellectual elements of whig
gery and democracy, must combine against the
atheistic Jacobism which levies war against that
constitution which, miutually, though with dif
ferent ceremonials, we venerate and have pro
tected." It has come to it at last. After hav
ing for twenty years villified and misrepresen
ted the whigs, the great mouth-piece of demo
cracy and official expounder of the principles of
the party, candidly acknowledges that the dem
ocrats must combine with the whigs to preserve
the constitution, and save the ship of state from
destruction; to the very verge of which it has
been brought by the mismanagement of the de
mocratic party and the Pierce administration.
Butwe are glad that the Review has found out
that it is "never too late to repent," and we are,
therefore, disposed to 'pity the sorrows of the
poor old man.'
Public attention throughout the country is be
coming awakened to the laws' delay and legal
uncertainties. It is no exaggerated estimate,
asserts the Cincinnati .ommercial, to say that
during one half the year our courts are engaged
in remodelling or overturning the work of the
other half. Indeed the estimate is rather low;
for few suibprs are fortunate enough to get
out of the 'knotty entrails' of the law, with me'e
ly some experience of its delay, or even with a
second or third assurance of its whimsicality.
A verdict or a judgment in your favor is noth
ing. It is only.a lucky hit for the day; a 'stol
en accident,' distressing to your adversary for
the moment, but not at all subversive of his
hope. Next motion day his lawyer comes into
court, induces the judge to believe that at the
folaner hearing the case was more entangled
by the pleading, gets a new trial and at the next
term that $5000 damages, whichl you had cred
ited, perhaps, as an off-set for contingencies, isi
swept clean out of your clutches by a "verdict
for the defendant." A case was decided by
judge Thurman, last week, says the Commer
cial, which has been passed upon by five oth
er judges within the last five years. Is the end
thereof come yet? Well, we can say, the law
is somewhat better managed in Louisiana.
The Marshall Meridian is demonstrating the
importance of the general government building
a navy yard at Galveston, in place of the one,
abolished at Memphis. Build the Pacific rail-!
road first, then we will talk about a navy yard.
It is a bad plan to have too many irons in the
fire at one time.
The Counterfeit Detector cautions the pub
lic against counterfeit notes on the bank of the
State of North Carolina, and the hank of Cape
Fear. These counterfeits are mostly $10 and
$50 notes, very well executed and exceedingly
difficult to detect. A large number of these
spurious bills are in circulation.
The free democratic ('pure steel' abolition
ists) state convention of New Hampshireas
nominated Asa Fowler, of Concord, ex-partner
1 in the practice of law with president Pierce, as
their candidate for governor of the State. John
P. Hale, and several other abolitionists, deliv
ered speeches.
The Marshall and Jefferson papers are-call
ing upon the citizens of Cass, Harrison and the 1
adjoining coiunties, to aid in clearling out the.
lake and bayous, so that boats will find no im
pediments in the navigation. Much good has
already ben tdone by cutting away the stumips,
and t rrfw thousand dfotllars judiciously expe.
dia "o i kito e the ,ai gqn easy add
sadfeadJ~y. $
*he New York Journai-of Commerce con
tains-an able article on [reland, "~iich brings
to light many interesting facts. It appears that
America has contributed -iost successfully to
the recovery of the Emerald Isle from that, at
one time, hopeless state oftlepression, disorga
nisation and degradation which made at her
once the curse and the shame of England, is a
fact that will now admit of no dispute. Ainer
ica as offered an asylum to her refhindantpo
pulation, without which it is more than proba
ble, her recovery, or any advance towards it,
could never have been effected. During the
last seven years this country has been receiv
ing the poor Irish at the rate of about 220,000
a year. About a million and a half of her po
[ pulation has, during that short period, found a
home in America-in our happier land-of that
very population which could scarcely find sub
sistence of any'kind in their own country, and
which was felt as an incubus, and did indeed
constitute a canker upon the united kingdom.
We gave them liberty, protection and a comfort
able livelihood-blessings to which they had,
in a great measure, been strangers all their
lives before. We afforded them the opportu
nity not only of helping themselves, but of as
I sisting the suffering relations and poor friends
whom they left behind. The amountof money
sent firom this country to Ireland, by her°poor
emigrants, for the a'ssistance of their connex
ions there, is one of the most striking phenom
ena which her strange case presents. It is as
certained, through the medium ofAnglo-Amer
ican banking houses, that from the year 1848
to 1853 the amount has gone on gradually inr
creasing from about two millions and a half to
upwards of eleven millions of dollars a year!-
The last official statement shows a grand total
of £4,351,000 sterling for that period; the
amount for the last year (1853) ofthe retuYl
being £1,404 060 sterling, or upwards of seven
millions of dollars. Thus, in five years, have
those who arrived in America almost naked,
nearly penniless and without a home, been able
to save out of the liberal wages so bounteously
paid to them by the American people and send
back to the old country about twenty-one mil
lions and three quarters of dollars. A calcula
tion has been made that, supposing these sums
to have been sent over by the emigrants of the
six months or one year's previous dates, it
amounts to about twenty dollars transmitted by
each emigrant from Ireland-a sum quite suf
ficient, with what is known to be transmitted by
private hands, to defray the whole cost of emi
gration-so that America and Americans, not
teland and Irishmen, practically pays the ex
penses of Irish immigration to the U. States
for the money comes out of the pockets of the
Americans. Thus, in a two-fold degree, are
we aiding in the lrecovery of Ireland from the
sad condition into which she had sunk. For
near fifty years has the United States proved to
be "a perfect California" for Ireland-it has
not only afforded a home, food, raiment and
employment to her indigent sons, but has ena
bled them to send food and money to their poor
families in "the old country"-and it appears
passing strange, when one hears or perceives
the abuse heaped upon America and Amer
icans by Irishmen. and by Irish newspapers
published in the United States. HIow comesit
that such is the case?
President Pierce may with propriety throw
up his hands, and cry aloud, W'ave me from
my friends." As an instance, a few days pre
vious to the election in Ohio, a gathering of the
Piercites was convoked in Cincinnati, which
was addressed by Mr. G. H. Pendleton, the
"regular nominee" of the party for congress in
the second district. He is the law-partner of
Mr. Pugh, U. S. senator from Ohio, and was
the only democrat in the field from his district
during the canvass. In his speech lie inform
ed the "great unterrified" that in respect to the
Nebraska law, he stood "on the ground that it
was the subject of yesterday, rather than of
to-day. When it was passed," exclaimed he,
"I was opposed to it, and under no circum
stance, except that of the most over-ruling im
perious political necessity, could I have been
induced to vote for the repeal of the Missouri 1
compromise-whl h had not only the form of
law, but the sacred and binding obligation of a
compact; and the representatives of the States
which voted for the admission of Missouri and
voted forits repeal, did what bears the sem
blance of bad faith." He begged to remind
them that he was "a thorough-going democrat,
in favor of free territory, and one who will nev
er give a vote by which slave territory would
be increased. Such are the principles of demo
cracy, and the president will ca.ry them out."
Notwithstanding these opinions, the south will
doubtless be told by each and every one of the
office-holders' organs how much it has lost by
the defeat of such a pure democratic fr'iend and
natural ally! The know nothings defeated Mr.
Pendleton so badly that he will never again be
heard of.
Many queer things were said at the same
meetings by other aspirants for office. Judge
Stalto (a naturalised Prussian) informed the
audience that, "as to political opinions, I will
prionounce my own views, not tempered by the
policy of designing democrats at home, or that
of the administration at Washington. Presi
dent Pierce has been kneeling to the free-soil
I ers of the north, and then to the disunionists
at the south, and he is net worthy of the
support of either portion of the Union. His ad
ministration has been a miserable, skulking,
sneaking, cowardly one-neither Mr. Pierce
nor judge Douglas deserve popularrespect."
Funny times, when at "regular democratic"
meetings, called to advance, the cause of admin
istration candidates, the administration itself
has to be denounced by the speakers. Presi
dent Pierce has a singular sort of hold upon
his party, and no hold whatever on the people,
and the latter are by no means loth to show it.
Take away the "loaves and fishes" and there
will not be left even a solitary Piercite to tread
the deserte4 banquet hall.
A late number of the London Times records
> the fact that four English paupers had arrived
1 there, who had been sentback from Boston, by
- the authorities of the city, because of'their hav
ing been paupers when they were shipped to
America. The Times wonders that they were
not retained, at Boston, and converted into
voters and office-holders.
The New York Tribune positively asserts
s that it hasin iti j session proof, in Daniel Ull
man's own handwriting, that he is of foreign
birth, and calls' upon tlhe public to come for
I wani apu spaI e the 4occumets. Mr". UIl
t man, it will e remember..:d EP.~no.
nnothng nominee for governor of New York.
The news frglieastopol, is very stirrng.
The 9perations, ip to h 27th of October,wve
been characterized me very sanguinary o
currences, whh wil carry wo and miseryypthA
many families in happy ngland. It is very
difficult to gather th~actual results, thus far,
the opations. In ont e part it is said that Lfot
Constantine is in great danger, in another, that
it has proved quite as strong as was apprehen
ded.and ftat its fire had dismounted thirty-three
guns of the allies' bastio n.
We do not understand this very clearly, as
fort Constantine commands thp north*n en
trance of the bay on which Sebastopol is situa
ted, and the position of the allies is to the
southeast. It is probable the fort referred to is
fort Alexander, of ninety guns, which defends
the southern mouth of the bay of Inkerman. It
had been previously stated that the allies had
captured the quarantine fort, which would bring
them within striking distance of fort Alex
It is left in doubt whether the injury to this
fort has been effected by the bombardment or
the explosion of a magazine. But of one fact
there appears to be little or no doubt, and that
is, that the Russian army outside- of the city
made a fierce onslaught on the allied position,
achieved several advantages, and inflicted upon
them a very severe loss. The English cavalry
suffered particularly. The aristocracy of Eng
land, from which the cavalry officers are chiefly
selested, will be clothed in mourning.
Altogether, though the bombardment is pro
ceeding vigorously, it is quite evident that the
allies are in a position which must give their
several governments great alarm and concern.
They may yet rescue themselves by the invinci
ble valor of their troops, but the chances ap
pear to be against them. The desperate char
acter of this enterprise is now clearly devel
oped. Confined to a corner-the Russians
commanding all the communications into the
intcrior the position of the allies must be a
very embarrassing one, nor would it be greatly
improved if they were to obtain possession of
the city, with the enemy occupying the interior.
Much anxiety has been felt says the Vicksburg
Whig, recently by all interested in the construc
tion of this road, in relation to the rightof way
between the Mississippi river and Richmond.
When the building of this road was first agita
ted, it was the general impression that scarcely
a single land owner iji the parish of Madison
would 'hesitate a moment in granting a free
right of way-so important was it to that parish
to have the terminus on the Mississippi river of
the great western road.
Recently, however, it has been understood,
that several between here and Richmond, who
have been regarded as excellent friends of the
road, have determined to claim damages for
the right of way. We regretted very much to
hear this, because, we know that the gentlemen
who are said to be claiming damages, are not
only very friendly to the construction of the
road, but abundantly able to grant a free right
of way. We have a letter from Mr. Coleman,
the energetic president, from Richmond, which
is flattering in its character, and rather induces
the belief that some misapprehension has exis
ted in relation to this matter. .He gives us the
names of several who have freely relinquished
the right of way, and seems to be sanguine that
when he sees others who have been said to be
claiming damages, that they will also relinquish
freely. In the mean time, however, he is hav
ing juries appointed to assess damages, in the
event they should positively refuse to make a
free grant, so that the progress of the work may
not be impeded. As the great enterprise is yet
in its infancy, and struggling for a good cb'm
mencement, we sincerely hope that those who
have contemplated claiming damages may re
consider the matter and grant the right of way
whenever it can be done without serious detri
ment to personal interests. Such a course will
not only be of great service to the interests and
prosperity of the work, but in our opinion ad
vantageous to every man-who makes the grant.
The Yazoo river was never in aworse condi
tion for navigation than at present. In addition
to the great scarcity of water, innumerable
snags and logs appear in the channel, and in
many places, sand bars of the worstkind stretch
almost from shore to shore.
We hope that congress may find it compati
ble with duty and propriety to give its consent
to the appropriation of such swamp lands as
are not consumed for levying purposes, to the
'learing out of the Yazoo river, and putting it
in a navigable condition. Already has the ces
sation of river communication with Vicksburg I
operated seriously against the interest of our
merchants, and it will be impossible to estimate
the injury that may accrue to us, if the present I
state of things is suffered to continue."
[Yazoo Democrat.
That is a very modest expression of hope,
for a paper opposed to internal improvements
by the general government. The Democrat
could not, to be consistent with its party princi
ples, for a moment listen to the ide¶aof congress
appropriating a dollar to improve rivers and har
bors, but it at the same time, can propose that
body shall cede the remainder of its swamp
lands for such improvements! It could not think
of congress appropriating money to clear out
snags and remove obstruction in rivers, in whose
trade and navigable condition several states are
interested, but it can hope that the body will
appropriate its lands to perform th'tt work in a
river lying entirely within one state, and in
which only thb trade of that state is interested!
Now what matters it whether congress appro
priate its lands or its money? One of 'Pierce's
arguments in his insane veto, was that congress
had no more right to donate its lands than its
treasury funds. And yet the Democrat asks
for the former in order to improve the Yazoo,
when it would denounce the appropriation of the
latter to improve the Ohio-nor does it content
itself even for the Yazoo, with the wish that
congress should donate a part of its lands for
the improvement of that stream, in order that
the remainder may be made more valuable,but
it asks for the appropriation*of the swamp
lands not already consumed, without any reser
vation. and with a view to a local improvement
We are in favor of internal improvements,
and are glad to see a practical relaxation ofi
the opposition of the Democrat to the system,
but we cannot help noting how constitutional ob
jections to the doctrine, no matter how strenu
ously urged, almost always sink, when a local
stream, just around home, it is to be improved
or benejtted. Rivers and harbors are always
unconstitutional, but a home stream, or a home
bay is always within the line of expediency,and
the scope of the resolutions of '98 and 99. The
grand lakes, the Ohio and the Mississippi, are
extremely unconstitutional objects of improve
ment in the eyes of the North Carolina delega
tion, and of Mississippi congressmen, but to
Cape Fear river and the Yazoo, there can be
no possible objection in the view of the strict
est constructionist! .
The Massachusetts papers, Qne and all, are
rating the postmaster-general for his want of4
gallantry and respect towards the fair sex. It,
appears that Mrs. Sarah E. Newell, the well
known postmistress at Chelsea, Mass., has re
ceived official information that her services in
that capacity is no longer needed. Her suc
cessor is Gideon W. Young, a noisy abolition
ist, for'merly of Scituate, who was appointedto
a place in the Boston customhouse by president
Pork, where he sucked treasury pap for four
years, and is aregularbred office-seeking bhap.
Mrs. Newell is a widow, a lady of talent and
amiability, and a general favorite with the citi
zens of the town, and the Times says that the
only fault which the postmaster-genera coiild
possibly find with her, was that she is entirely'
too honest-never having stolenia vl ah let
ter, or proved a defaulter. We presume that
the Pierce administratio s so e
maekw only upon -mu poorib
widows at hat.
are a class of spo4l democrats at the south,and
they are: very n erqs, who-are quite clamo
rous in their apoWs imen of all parties at
the south, to uni.i.it the "democracy of the
free states," whic~ in the Pierce democracy,
conosed of r s, abolitionists and spoils
mer of every ible hue and shade Yes, it
is with such. map t theppi s Iemocrats of
the south would have southern men unite in
the formation of a party, merely to secure the
spoils, for the majority of the administration
detinocrats of th.e6fre states enrta feelings of
hostility to the south and he;institutions. To
those southern democrat.4who are thus direct
ing their energies,;we cooimend the following
article of the Charleston Mereuryv-for over 20
t years the special organ of the l'aienttd John
C1 . Calhoun-a journal whose southern rights
creed, democracy, and zealous support of this
piebald administration, no man will question or
gainsay. The Mercury says:
"The people of the south should understand
r on what grounds the democrats in the free
t states are defending the Nebraska act. They
t assert that the free states, in consequence of
their greater capacity for colonization, will take
possession of all the north west territory, and
I therefore, that the Missouri compromise, which
secured all of that territory lying south of the
latitude of 36 deg. 80 min., was a slavery mea
sure. It secured, they say, to the south, for
their colonization, with their slaves, some five
or six. states, that the repeal of this compro
mise, by the Nebraska act, has opened all this
r territory to the colonization of the free states,
and that those who uphold this act. are, there
fore, the true anti-slavery men. Thus, demo
- crats at the north are seeking success by de
- nouncing the institution of slavery. No party
defends it, and no party upholds the Nebraska
act, on the score of justice to the south. All
claim to be anti-slavery men, and to pursue the
course best calculated to exclude slavery from
I our territories, and to weaken the position of
f the southern states. As a specimen of their
positions, we give an editorial from the Detroit
Free Press, supposed to be° general Cass's
"We cannot doubt that the Detroit Tribune
speaks by authority, when it announces, as it
did on Tuesday, that Mr. William A. Howard
is in favor of repealing the Nebraska act. The
Tribune is Mr. Howard's peculiar organ, and it
would hardly make so material a statement,
without the knowledge and consent of the per
Sson most interested.
"Let it be known, then, that Mr. Howard is
in favor of repealing the Nebraska act. Let it
be known that he is in favor of reestablishing a
line south of which slavery was and would con
tinue to be legalized by congress. Let it be
known that he is in favor of despoiling the
thousands of settlers in Nebraska and Kansas
of their rights acquired under the present law.
"We thank the Tribune for its announcement.
We now know where Mr. Howard stands. We
can now drive the nail through him and clinch
it on the other side. He in favor of the old
odious Missouri compromise line-a line which
the anti-slavery people of the north have con
demned from the day of its establishment up to
the time Mr. Dixon of Kentucky proposed to re
peal it. He is in favor-for that would be the
inevitable effect of reestablishing the line-of
consigning all the Louisiana territory lying
south of 36 deg. 30 to slavery, and this terri
tory is extensive enough for half dozen states!
"Mr. Howard must stand up to the naked
declaration that he is in favor of repealing the
Nebraska act. When the Nebraska act is re
pealed the Missouri line will be reinstated, and
,slavery will be legalized south of it!
"Mr. Stuart is opposed to the repeal of the
Nebraska act. He does not believe that con
gress has power to establishi slavery in the terri
tories, nor of course, to prohibit it. The whole
question belongs to the peo'ple, and with them
the Nebraska act places it!"
We notice, continues the Mercury, the pecu
liar point of this article, because itis the favor
ite argument even of senator Douglas. By thel
way, it is not true, that thete is any such extent
of territory as is here represented, lying south
of 36 deg. 30m., and belonging to the Louisiana
purchase. There is no territory at all, south of
that line, that is open to colonization. The
whole of it has been specifically assigned to the
Indian tribes, and belongs to them as much as
South Carolina belongs to the South Carolini
ans, and so far from being sufficient to form six
states, the whole of it is little, if any, larger
than the single state of Missouri. To magnify
this territory, and to represent it as open to
white settlement, and therefore as laid open to
I northern colonization by the Nebraska act,is all
mere political gammon. It is for the purpose
of bothering the public mind, not of enlight
i ening it.
But the point is this, that by the Missouri
compromise, the territory 'south of 36 deg. 30
min., was secured to the south, that slavery was
legalized by congress in that region. This is
all wrong. The Missouri compromise,so called
was nothing but a prohibition of slavery north
of that line. It neither pretended to legalize,
nor did it allude to the existence of slavery
south of the line. The south never claimed for
congress the power to legalize the existence of I
slavery. They denied that power, equally with
the power to prohibit it. The one necessarily
goes with the other. Slavery is an existing
fact,under the constitution of the United States,
recognised by it as one of the elements of our
system, and that rightfully claims its place,
wherever the people desire it, and where it is
not prohibited by state authority. There is the
position of the south on the question of con
gressional power over slavery.
Undoubtedly the Nebraska act falls short of
sustaining this position, and we have never pre
tended otherwise. But it is better than that pro
hibition of slavery, that isknown by the name
of the Missouri compromise.
[Augusta (G Chronicle.
FALSE PACKED COTTON.-It appears that not
withstanding the repeated exposures of fraud
in the packing of cotton, the scandalous prac
tice is still carried on. The Memphis Whig of
the 7th inst., says:
The extent to which this disgraceful system
of fraud is being practiced is truly astonishing,
as it denotes to a greater or less degree a very
demoralizing condition among the planting com
munity, for to such a degree is it carried that its
injurious effects reflect upon them as a body.
Hardly a day.passes that our attention is not
called to cases where the false packinghas been
detected, or the sales of lists thrown up on ac
count of this rascality, and on yesterday our
attention was called to a shipment of nineteen
bales returned from New Orleans. The origi
nal samples by which this cotton waspurchased
were shown along side of samples drawn from
the centre of the bales, showing the most glar
ing and unwarrantable trickery and deception
we had ever seen. The inside of some bales
were water patcked, others composed of old
cotton plated with new, and some of th.e mosrt
inferior grade of' cotton; while the sides were!
plated with a good quality, a differenee offtrom
one to four cents a pound between the inside
and the outside. Such infamous rascality de
serves not only pulbjlic exposure, but the perpe
trators of'such daring frauds are more worthy of
the penitentiary than of the esteem of their
The Missisippian hits DeBow's Review ahard
lick, but one richly merited. It denominates it a
"southern periodical with northern principles'
The magazine is dadtegs New Orleans, but is
in reality printed ad piinblished in CGincinnati,
and the only thinrg southern about it,:is its sub
scribers a the south. . .
A cotemporary wants to kw ~ hether the
preseiat. abomi' le Oan utof the United'
States il, t ittibe attributed
wilb a lease answer.
General 1ztelgence.
NEW i .oax, No. 13.-The Collins
lantic arrived here on$ nd.dy at noon. She
Liverpool dates to the lt instut,.
The iege of Sebastpol is progressin lo
small breach has been ntwo of te otw
have been silenced; butth IRs ns ad t nad s
sortie, and spikedpi teen French gu and captued
an English nobleman, l d Dunki . 1..
AwrL S The
persons have bee washed . T
boat boarded the wreck t i
thought that all the rema
were still standing, iled and thirty
sengers were land frop the w tek tsoreig
Fifty dead od.a ~es re pi shore
One hundred ana fi tfive p R e
eaved from tdie .wrek. t ohd. a= th
been w hst:
New YoeR, 1iuv.1 T - t re.C'sehr
this morning a9 o'cloc paprs contals
ollowig intere g inte tre
TE RECxNT BA ESI- h sIa dissa#CtI
state that the allies-,ad thk e d toi severe defet
near Sebastopol-if osnd o the Reng ments thse
French outworks were destroyed ai 6 ofheirgtm
spiked, and iitiae c tath1 4n1eh were routed
with the loss ofh rses Te reni h rent
not given, the papersn onso gieg as tae. t de i
of the R ussian disatahe s t ~atsng tr b thes;
story is improbable
The facts appear to be that th Russian nexpet.
edly attackeds the forts at 'Balkklva on tohe d eie
October, when the Turks bel 1i' to the eariai
ingloriously fled. The Scote h im ents in the
forts, however, remase4d firm, but the Rusasians aiL
ceeded in seizing the gunas ad turned them ulp
allies. Othern forces of the, ies -cme up andtid
main body of 'the Russians was compelled to retireg
though they still held possession of the forts frons
which they kept up a constant fire on'theFreneb and
English. Three regiments of the sBritish, cavalry
were exposed to a cross fire for some otime, and au.
fered terribly. The French acted with great brais.
ry, but their loss was anot o great as that of the Brit.
ish. The next day the atactk was resumed by Mens
chikoff, and a sortie was made simultaneou-ly " .
the garrison of Sebastopol; The result, howevr
was that the Russians were driven back withl.
ineinse loss.
The loss of life in Sebastopol is said to have een
so great, that large numbers of the dead ,remasl
unburiod, and the airmephere was tainted by t
etfuvia from themt 4c ording to the statements of:
some of the RWoindedorlers 4f thE Rassianas, vk
had been taken to Balaklava, Sebastopol would soon
be in the hands of the allies. In the mean thee
lord Raglan prefers to continue the bombardment,
rather than make a sudden assault, which must be
attended with immense loss of life. The Russian
accounts represent their losses as small, and their
affairs generally in a very favorable condition.
Both the Russian and allied-armies had received
further reinforcements to a considerable extent.
Lord RIaglan's chief interpreter, a Greek, had been
discovered to be aRussian spy, and hadbeei sent'tts
iconstantinople for tral.
Letters by the Asia state that on the 25th Octobert
a Russian force attacked a detached camp of the Eng
lih, taking four redaubts andeleven gpes, and caus
in a heavy loss of British .cavalry. 'he aci n nt 'o
this affair was confirmed by advices received b
Greek merchants at Odessa. - -
Admiral Natchikof, of the Russian navy, hai
been killed by a shell. -- 0 - m.ort- T-l .
Menchikoff's offieal report of the battle of the
Alma, states the losses of the Ruseans at 4500 kill.
ed and wounded.
A dispatch from lord Stratford de Redchiffe, on
the 4th November, confirms the report of the Russia.
an attack on the forts at Balaklava, and th great
battle that followed. The accodri are fiuostly con.
Thie Asia brings a report that lord Elgin, theo l~
governor general of Canada, has been detained isn
England on account of some deafiicucy in his i
BosTON, Nov. 14.-Gardner, know nothings~ ,
been elected governor by 1000 mdjority. Tile kaeo
nothings have swept the State, and elected thte tc,
gressmen, State senate, and representatives.
Loumsvieu , Nov. 14.-The steamer Forrester was
destroyed by fire, last night at Richmond, Ohiof-e
The steward, chambermaid, and several deck hanmdm
are supposed to have perished. -
A party of men from New'York i ae engAged in
target practice in Queens county, L. I., a few das
since, and having placed their target in range of somea
shanties, aball struck aboy named Denis Dunn, aid
kr.lld him. Five of the party were arrested.
P. B. Manchester, the Cincinnati banker, whom..
a grand failure a short time time since, and afiei.=
wardcis fled the city, has been arrested at Lawrence
burg, Indiana, and taken back to Cincinnati. Thera
is a strong feeling against himon account of the ex
travagant mode of living pursued by himself and
family. A few evenings previous to his failure Mrsý
Manchester appeared at'a party wearing a dress ad&
brilliants that cost ;20,000.
WASIUINGTON, Nov. 17.-The Star, of this city, says
that the steamer San Jacinto was in readiness at theI
port of Southampton, to convey Mr. Soule to Madrid,.
and that at the latest dates Mr. Buchanan and M-e
Mason were discussing the propriety f Mr. Soule's
returning to his post by such a conveyance.
NEW oaK, Nov, 17.--Several of the papers'ptio
foss to have information thalt the Soule affair hs;
been settled, th't Louis Napoleon had rescinded the,
order excluding him from France, and that Mr. S.
wa.- to have left London on the 4th inst. for Madrid.
Max Ballin, a Wall street, NewYFork, g= mer
chant, has been sent to prison for forging labels on
champagne bottles. The counsel fortle defence ob.
jected to the judgment, on the plea that Ballinwas a
"gentleman, and, therefore, should not be dealt with.
like the common herd of villains!" Accordingtothis
creed it is noharr in a gentleman, aliaswine bottler,.
to commit forgery.
Theunitarian church."inCondord, fI. $, was lately
consumed by fire.
The New York Journalof. Commeree says that the
banks of that city are. determined, if' possible, to,
prevent any further exportation.of specie.
A correspondent of the oston Atlias,writingfrom
Marseilles, states that the Englih. consul at that
place had received reliable information that thenmost
fearful ravages of cholera were devastating Messina,
no less than 16,000, persons having fallen victims
out of a .population of 40,000! A mortality hardly
less than during the prevalence of the great plague
in 1748.
The number of deaths in Philadelphia iluring tht
three months ending September 30, was 4,541, being
an average of 49 deaths daily; or one in every thou
sand, based on the present population, calculated at
45,OUISVILLE, NOV. 17.-There is now scant thirty
inches water in the canal here, aund three feet scant
on the Portland bar, and the river falling slowly.
CINCINNATI, Nov. 17.-The river here is now at a
stand. The flour market is quiet at $7 [email protected] 7 75
9 barrel. Whiskey has advanced with sales at 31c.
t. gallon. Sales of hogs at $3 75 @4 ?) 100 t.s.
PITrTScnRG, Nov. 17.--There is now 40 inches water
in the channel here, and the river yet rising.
A gentleman recently returned from Kensas, in
describing- a toen wherethe view was not obstruct
ed by any houses gives the following description of
the printed office of the place:
lie noticed, among others, a small tent near an oak
tree, under the comfortable shade of which stood a
man wearing the air of perfect content,up tohis case
busily engaged in setting type, enjoying the inde
pendent reflection of being editor,,, publisher, print
or, proprietor, &c. of every branch of the colcoern,
save the important position of his typical majesty,
the devil--a chunk of a lad whose whole contour
arid countenance were in fair keeping with the boss.
Upon inspection he found the tent of barely suf
ficient capacity to contain the press and its commit
ants-bank and the imposing stone-the forms be
ing removed hither wheni prepared for the press.
The administration are said to be greatly exercised
over the choice of a successor for Brigham Young,
whose ternt=t governor of Utah has expired. The
Washington Star is very sure that the successor will
not he a Mormon..
During the last month, seventy-seven thousand of
acres of land were entered at the land office in St.
Louis under Mr. Ott's graduation. act of the last con
gress. The most of it was taken at the bit price.
The land office is ndw elosed, arid will be so until
the first of next mboth, to brhing up business. Then
there will be another rush.
The Galveston JduruaLhas the following: "We
learn this mornirgfrohiu t a.eliable source, that gen.
Sam. Houston. is actually' engaged i. :rtheriag the
organization, and advocating the doct:..es of 'kao
nothingisa' i' the interior of the State. Can our
neighb6r eOf tte Civiliash enlighten us upon the sub
ject, and 1 hetherhe dan.or iot, will he advise us di's
tinctly, if'this rumor betitrue, what he thinks of it?
On the Fourth of July last, the U. States ships
Susquelanaant i :antdaiad~ atthe British steamn
frigate Encounter were at hai. On that day
one ofthe seamenon e British steamor, lot
hiright arm, whi r ate in honor of our
natic as day, (the fcºt. '.'l ers and men of
the United Staits .sliips. pe n the accident,
made himi a, donation i~ the ~ of a tw hundred
and eighty thre4... . sta erlir , bill of exchange.
which shls "the got feelig avpiathy existing
among the o9ljptora crewsao t <two services.
Late advkesJ .Cgr Ahina say'thabt an outrageof a
high-aindeshat cter has ibeen perpetrated against
the United State'gaveunmeat by firing at the Amner
ican coistdarol d wounding hnim severely. Other
outrages had beer ~ d, calli.g loudly for re
A merchant in New4 Yo'r lamied Bonco, has been
bound oa `` tie sum * ', t`vti' i ter the
chadt iti·eTi r lioasM of Africa.
Rev. Enbeaen.m mtoa nsnabritf engress elect
fiom Maine, is a freeeewit i°baptist clergymen; ou.
ot twioother imembers df'ongress hromt that Statar
also cler~f~vne I the: i. t Ie ala'inri of' M4i5+a£
thlerew .i bxaeay doer mem o.the.eleriest
p'rofesslo4 t or seven of whom are, of the ifre
e baptie Tore ;"
come saturated.

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