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VOL. IIIl. .SHREVEPORT, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1854. N8.
TERMS. THE SorTH-WssTBRN is published weekly at THRlE DOLLRas per annum, payable in advance-four dollar if not paid at the time of subscribing. Persons wish ing to discontinue must give two weeks' notice. Nt paper stopped, except at the option of the publishers until all arrearages are paid. ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the rate of ONE DOL. T.AR PER SQUARE for the first insertion. and FIFTI Casts for each subsequent one. TEN LINES, or less constitute a square. Liberal deductions made to thoss who advertige by the ygar. A. TTORNEY AT LAW, No. 30 St. Charles street f1 New Orleans. Practices in the Supreme Cour of Louisiana, and the United States Circuit and Dis. trict Courts. W. C. is Commissioner for various States, and wil take depositions, etc. CHAS. V. JONTE, S ECOND Justice of the Peace for the Parish ol .. Orleans, commissioner to take testimony, and commissioner for the States of Mississiopi and Arkan. sas, No. 65 Common street, (opposite the City Hotel,: New Orleans. d29-ly* BENJAMIN & MICOU, A TTORNEYS AT LAW, No. 49 Carol street. New Orleans. Will also practice in the Suprernme Court of the United States, Washington. C. ROSELIUS, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, -l Custom-house steet, Newa Orleans. o13 . T. PARKER, A TTORNEY AT LAW, corner of Camp and Gra A vier streets, New Orleans. 027 OSCAR ROUBIEU, COTTON FACTOR k COMMISSION MERCHANT, No. 61 CARONDELET. STFE :T, New Orleans. References at Shreveport: John P. Hailey. Robt. G. Harper. W. P. Winans. Judge Spoflfrd. nov 9-ly* JAMES WRIGAT. ABSAHA~M J. WRI.HT. A. J. WRIGHT & Co., O TTON FACTORS, Commission and For warding Merchants, No. 35 Carondelet street, New Orleans. nov 2 NOSES GREENWOOD. T. E. ADAMS. MOSES GREENWOOD & Co. CCOMMISSION AND FORWARDING MER chants, 23 Carondelet street, New Orleans. U. 9LADDEN. J. M. SEIXAS. PURVIS, GLADDEN & Co., [Successos .o P, rvis, Wood & Co.,] COTTON FACTORS and Co nmission Merchants, 99 Gravier stceet, corner o. St. Charles street, N. Orleans. s7-1y A. ARMSTRONG. ARNOLD IIARRIS. 1M. ABRAMS. ARMSTRONG, HARRIS & Co. COTTON FACTORIS, and AGENTS FOJ THE United States Mail Line of ste'amships from New Orleans to San Francisco, California, and Oregon, Via Aspinwall, Navy Bay, and Panama. Steamers leaving New Orleans on the 7th and 22d of each month, at 8 o'clock, A.M. Office, 43 Natchez street, NEw ORLEANS. dec 1 GEO. W. SHAW & Co. COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 24 Poydras street, New Orleans. B. TOLEDANO & TAYLOR, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Commercial Place (between Camp and St. Charlessts.) New Orleans. PETERS, MILLARD & Co. WUT IIOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCERS, Cor ner of Old Levee and Bienville streets, N.Orleans. N. THOMAS L. WHITE, No. 105 CANAL STREET, (second door below the Mechanics' and Traders' Bank,) New Orleans, Bookseller & Stationer, L AW, Medical, Miscellaneous and School Books. Writing Paper ,x: cqz petter and note. Wrap ping pape ques; quills, steel pens,ink, and a -.irra t catof BLASvt Boors. Country merchai ss and teachers are' requested ao call and ex amine thesn c , j26-ly TIRRELL & BATES, AMANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN Boots, Shoes and Hats, No. 15 OLD LEVEE, N. ORLEANS. Constantly receiving from their own manufactory a fee~h.an d very extensive supply of B: B~* SHOES AND BROGANS, which they offer on as liberal terms as any other house. Negro Brogais in great variety always on hand. Planters and donntty merchants will find it to their advintage to give us a call. The highest price paid for hides. dec28 B. BROWER & Co. House Fartgiang Store, No. 17 OAbu ST~zET, New Orleans. 41 " s" i tahlished 1832.) CfIINA, GLASS AND EARTHWARE SILVER PLATED, BRITANNIA, X Tin, Wooden, Japanned and Iron ware. Cutlery, Lamps, Brushes, Fenders, Andirons, Coal Scut ties, Shovels and Tongs, etc., etc., etc. Including every article required to furnish a house (except cabinet ware ahd dry goods.) ALso-The celebrated Republic Cooking Stoves. nov 2, 1853 Retnoval. TAYLOR, HADDEN & Co., H AVE removed their CLOTHING ESTABLISHI MENT to No. 66 Canal street. They have just received from their manufactory, New York, a large stock of CLOTHING, comprising every quality and suited to the city and country trade, which they offer to dealers on liberal terms. N. Orleans, July 7, t853. CYRtS FLINT. J. 1I. JONES C. FLINT & JONES, Wholesale and retail dealers in fashionable cabinet FURNITURE, Chairs, feathers, moss and hair mattresses, curled hair, hair cloth, varnish, etc., Nos. 46 and 48 Royal street, blew Orleans. nov 9,1853 J. H. WARNER & Co., J. C. SILVY, Agent, Dealers in Watches and Jewelry, And manufacturers of superior Gold Pens, etc., etc., MAG'AZINE STREE', NEW ORLEANS. Watches carefully repaired.` 2 oct 4-tf" No. 49 Camp streetgNew Orleans. SAMUEL E. MOORE & Co., Iliiporters of . Crockery, China, ad GLASS WARE, Plated, Britannia, Ja pan and Tinwar ,-Their stock ofCrock ery 4R .sea very e t. t.i .Iattd pack leg guarantied in the safest manner. Country mechants are invited to ex amine their stock. nov 2, 1853 NVowark SaBl ry Warehotuse. ANDREW G. BULL & Co., No. 71 CANAL STREET, (between Camp and Magazine streets,) NEW ORLEAns. M ANUFACTURERS and Importers of Saddlery. and Saddleware, have constantly on hand alarge and complete assortment of Saddles, Martingales, Trunks, Whips, Skirting, Hasagesa and Bridle Leather, Hogskins. Saddlers' Tools and Trimmings of every description dec 21,1853 E. M. RUSHA, d Foreign d~e_ Liquors, And deSIa* in Domestic Spirits, Nos. 54 AND 56 B goots stsar, (late Girod street,) Nsw alstnaws. EEPS constantly on hand a general assortment c K of French Brandies, Wines,Fruitsin Liquor; as sorted cordials, bitters, essence peppermint, Curago, o anisette, etc., etc., etc. nov14, 1853 THOMAS,' 'INTYRE, G ENERAL COLLECTOR, No. 28 Camp st., New Orleans. Bills collected in any part of the city or its vicinity, and the proceeds immediately remitted. Refer to Dr. Warren Stone, Dr. Boyer, and L..C. Dil lard, Esq. nm91y OCUILIST . DR. GUSTINE S OFFICE For the Treatment of Diseases of the EvE and Imperfections of Visitbn,No.3 ~tS'ir AhLE SSTREET, a opposite Lafayette Squate. +ew stletes. All surgi cal operations upon the Eye attended to. Such as w Cataract, Squinting, tIe tsert is. i dArtificial Eyes, h etc., etc. i 1 1854 b J- UST received--ToAtqe, avriopnebradq rom 374 J cale. to S*t (r r. -Bwp a r«.- C:«Co.PAMllevoitin . and American. PealSrtrniWhitekssdn 'YellMwo8p. A ~t, 'W EN, &: New Orleans & Texas U. S. Mail Line. E rs, Every Sunday and Thursday. LOUISIANA. Captain W. II. Talbot. a- MEXICO, " John Lawless. ~r PERSEVERANCE, Capt. Henry Place. es, CHARLES MORGAN, Capt. J. Y. Lawless. se One of the above new and magnificent steamships wi leave for Galveston, Indianola and Matagorda Ba every Sunday and Thursday, at 8 o'clock, A. St., punc t, tually. rt For freight or passage, (having elegant accommo dations,) apply to IIARRIS,& MORGAN, Foot of Julia street, opposite steamship landing. ill nov 15, 1854. H..P. BUCKLEY, (Late Young & Co.,) of 8 Camp street, New Orleans, ad Watchmaker, Jeweller & Silversmith, n- Importer of fine Watches for la' _ I,) dies and gentlemen, of the most celebrated makers of England and Switzerland, made to his own order expressly in heavy cases (gold and silver,) and warranted standard fineness. Ladies' chatelaines and neck chains; 7e Gent's guard, fob and vest chains, seals, keys, etc. Finger rings, eat-rings, breast-pins, cuff-pins, etc. Diamond pins and rings, V, Spectacles for every age, in gold, silver, steel and tortoise shell frames; Silverware, warranted pure as coin, consisting of ta ble, tea and dessert spoons; Silver table and dessert forks, ladles, butter knives, mustard and salt spoons, sugar tongs, etc. Plates ware, consisting of castors, candlesticks, waiters, etc. Having been always engaged irP the mechanical part a. of the business, all watches sent for repairs will have the strictest persoual attention; and having every facil ity for making any portion of a watch, he will be ena bled to work on very reasonable terms. 127 Jewelry made to order and repaired. Diamonds reset in the latest style. Canes mounted in gold and silver. nov 15, 1854 `house Furnishing Goods, Wholesale and Retail Nos. 73 & 75 CAMP STREET, NEW ORLEANS. DETEI:RSMtNtI: to reduce our stock of Goods, we will hereafter sell at Lower Prices than has ever before.been offered in this city. Those in want of the following articles will do well to call: Queensware, Glass and China Ware; Bohemian Frare;, Birminghamtt Ware; Rich China Vases and Fine Silver-Plated Ware. Parlor and IIHall Lamps and Girondoles; Rich Tea Trays and Waiters, hi sets or single; Fine Table Cutlery, and IHousekeeping hardware; Enameled and hIollow-Ware; Britannia, Planished Tin and Japanned Ware; XWoodea and Willow Ware; Feather Dusters, Brushes, of all kinds; Paper Hangings and Borders; Door Mats; Window Corinishes, Cords and Tassels; Curtain Bands and Curtain Pins, etc. nov$, 185li-ly MIILLER, IIARRIS& WALDO. - J. West, Practical Dentmt, " 12 ST. CIHARLES STREET, .ear tl cor ier of Poydras, would respect fully in Sorm ladies and gentlemen visiting New Orleans that he perfornms all operations on the teeth, in a most skillful and satisfactory mtanner. The superiority of J. W.'s Artificial Teeth above all others, hive been long well known and appreciated by hundreds who are enjoying the benefits of them. Per sons desirous of availing themselves of such. would do well to call apid examine his specimens. Dental depok for the sale of Teeth, Foil, Instruments, etc. O)ff(e aid residence 112 St. Charles street, near the corner of P'oydras. feb 1, 1854-1y MAISON DE SANTE. Corner of (bnal and Claiborne streets, N. Orleans. 'I.ITHIS Institution now under the direction of the SISTERS OF CHARITY, has been pul,in comppee ordcer, and is ready for'the I reception of patients. The rooms are spacious, well ventilated, and have every convenience for the sick. Persons visiti-ng tllis Institution for medical treatment will receive, under the care gf the Sisters of Cdiarity, all the a tentions and comforts of a home. Dr. XWARnt's STONE still continues his connexion with the Institution. and patients will always have his advice and attention as heretofore. Visiting Physician and Surgeon, Dr. J. C. P. WED ERs rIANDT. Resident Physician and Surgeon, Dr. P. C. BORER. The terms.; of admission are from one to five dollars per day. Patients depositing in advance for the time they remannin in the Institution. Capital Surgical Oper ations charged foroextra. For further information, apply to the SISTER SU PERIOR OF THIE INSTITUTION, or to thte Resident Phy sician. jan 25,1854 WATER COLORS. Newnlan's, Acekeman's, peeves & Son's, Osborne's. TUST-received a large stock of above Col.ons,in cakes tJ and in mahogany and rosewood boxes, with lock aind key. Also, Germnan Colors, in cakes and boxes, fine assortnment. Oil colors, in u'hs---English and American; Canvasc:s for Portraits in frames of 8x10to42x56 Cnnvas in rolls, from 36 to 66 inches wide; Strechlers for canvases, of all sizes; 400 doz fine sable and caminel-hair peicils: i;0 " paint and varnishi brushes, all s;zes; (0 packages gold and silver leaf;, 1(10 bundles of duck mnetal---white and yellow; 'Tin foil. in sheets and books: Tinarel of all the usual colors. LILt French and Amnerican PAPER IANGItGS. ......WINDOW GLASS, &e....... 5000 bxs American Window Glss, all sizes; 7110 do Englishl and Frencli:foo 8x10 to 33x65 30)0 lights fine Plate Glass; 120 bxs double thick Ameican, from 8x10 to 20x30 10001 lights colored glass; 100 Glazier Diamonds; 500111 bundles glazier tins; 10 tons White Lead, in 25 to 700 tb kegs; 5000 canisters and kegs colored paints, i ( oz to 100 tb packages; 2500 Ibs fine French Green, dry and ground in oil; 1000 blis Whiting and Paris White, of my own man ufacture, fire dried. Pait .Mills of all sizes and every article usually kept in a general Paint, Oil and Color Store. will found at R. CLANNON's, nov 2, 1853 46 Canal street, New Orleans LEEDS' FOUNDRY, COBTER OF DELORD & FOUCHER STREETS, NEW ORLEANS. IS prepared to furnish vertical and hor izontal Steam Engines, Sugur Mills, Vacuum Pans, Sugar Kettles, ClariS ers, Filters, steam anal horse power Draining Machines, .aw Mills, Gin Geering, Iron Columns and Fronts for buildings Furnace Mouths, Grate Bars, ste.., and all machinery required for the South. They respectfully call the particular attention of the planters of Louisiana and the adjoining States to their style of Steam Engines, Sugar Mills, Vaccuum Pans ant Draining W h e e I s, which for strength, durabil ty and convenience, have not been excelled. New Orleans, February 8, 1854. ly. Phila. Saddlery Warehouse. [Sign or the Golden Horse Head.] No. 6 Magazine, near.Canal street, NEW OILEANS, MAGEE & KNEASS, Dealers in Saddlery, Harness and Trunks, Leather Materials and Find ngs for saddlers, coach, trunk and shoemakers. Sad llery, Hardware, Whips, Tin Ware and Brushes. MILITARY GOODS AND TRIMMINGS. Ye are agents for the sale of India Rubber Packing or steam joints and boilers, belting for machinery and ther articles. Peacock and Carey PLOUGHS, on ommission. Regalias and Jewels for the Masonic, .O.O.F. and S. of T. orde,s. Prices as low as any ther house. dec 21.1853 SOUTHERN MANUFACTORY OF Saddles, Bridles, Harness, &c. On Texas street, Shreveport-opposite the Nelson House. THE subscribe-, having estab lished himself in the above busi ness, is ,tow pepared to manu factowe every thing in his lineat the sho-test notice and of the very best mgterial,the workman ship unequelled by any in the quGo.6$11-t south. Gin Band Leather al lays on hand and bands made to order. Every thing in is line sold as low or lower than any eastern slop-work rought to this inarket. Call and see for yourselves. jy-g H. A. ZOLC. Q UtAR-On hand and for sale, Havana, Louisiana, Sloa, crushed, powdered, clarified and granulated. OGIESBY & GISWOy,p. I To Elodie. Oh, lady! wlan along the vale Of years departed, niemrory strays, More odors waft upon the gale, And sweeter sound the wild birds' lays. The loved one's smile-affection's kiss And friends in youth too fondly cherished, Shine forth with beams of brightest bliss, With hopes that only rose and perished. Each transient flower of past delight, With brighten'd fragrance blooms anew; Y And time, with desolating blight, Adds richer tints to every hue. So, when these fleeting hours depart, And age, with palsied form, appears; Thy lays will still enchant my heart, More sweetly by the lapse of years. Call this not flattery--my lyre Ne'er followed adulation's train Ne'er swell'd the band of slavery's choir, Though warbling forth a lowly strain. Then deign again to tune thy lyre: Beve ye, lady, there's a charm Bounds fo~th from every latent wire That misery's sting can oft disarm. WJile fancy soars with pinions free While youth with buoyant spirit plays While hope and joy dance forth for thee, Oh, now resume thy pleasing lay. Soon, soon, the spring of youth departs But transient are its lov'liest flowers: Then touch the string, ere misery smarts, Orblighting winter strips the bowers. On such lost tones, so dear to bliss, What soul but lingers with regret? Nor asks those sounds of happiness, i To charm with all their witchery yet? And now while fancy hovers near; Lays that my cares- did oft dispel Must I pronounce the words severe, That mournful sound, farewell-farewell. When Bulstrode Whitelock was embarked as Cromwell's envoy to Sweden, in 1653, he was much disturbed in mind, as he rested in Harwich on the preceding night, which was very stormy,while he reflected on the dist cted state of the nation. It happened that a con fidential servant slept in an adjacent bed, who finding that his master could not sleep, said- "Pray, sir, will you give me leave to aslk-ou a question?" "Certainly." "Pray, sir, don't you think God governed the world very well before y* came into it." "Undoubtedly." : "And pray, sir, don't you think that he wil govern it quite as well when you are gone out of it?" O "Certainly." "Then, sir, pray excuse me, but don't you think you may as well trust him to govern it as long as you live." To this question Whitelock had nothing to reply; but, turning about, soon fell asleep, till he ·was summoned to embark. 1len your wife begins to scold let her have iAut. Put your feet up cooly over the fire place, loll back in your chair, light one of your best cigars, and let the storm rage on; say nothing, make no answers to any thing. Hav ing placed yourself in that enviable, position reflect whether you deserve the storm about your y#ars, and if so (as is plbably the case) put your feet gently down, cease yourlolling, put out your cigar, acknowledge the error, kiss your little wife, and endeavor to be a better husband. Sir Isaac Newton is said to have worn a magnet in a ring, which was capable of lifting two hundred and fifty times its own weight - We have seen a lover who, when he got his magnet in a ring-a wedding ring-was lifted to the seventh heaven. Some one says, that the disposition of a per son is known by his hand riting. The hand- i writing of the great prince of Conde perfectly agreed with the inpetuosity of his character. t Segrais says of him, that he used to write with- i out stopping, so that those who read his let- < ters were obliged to take breath occasionally, 1 and that lie only added a point only when lie changed his subject. lie wrote without put- 1 tlng strokes or dots to his letters. "What is the meanu g of a backbiter?" ask ed a reverend gentleman, during an examina tion at a parochial school. This was a puzzler. t It went down the class till it came to a simple S little urchin, whosaid, "P'r'aps it be a flea." 9 An invention, which must become popular, consists in a small padlock, with the owner's name engraved upon it, which is affixed to an k umbrella in sucl., a way that it cannot be ta ken off, nor the umbrella opened, This, it is supposed, will guard against the stealing of umbrellas, and in this light will, if successful be by some considered an infringement of na tural rights. *. It is stated in a recent work that the manu facture of chemical matches occupies at Paris ten thousand workmen. Two preparers of wood for matches cut each day, by machinery, one eight steres of wood, and the other four. One establishment consumes annually 1,200' kilogrammes of phosphorous; and according to M. Payen, that is scarcely the twentieth part of the production of phosphorous in France, and which is chiefly used for the same pur pos . The Albany N. Y. Argus says that the fol- ! lowing notice appears in a newspaper of that city: As my husband, Joseph Rentz, has left me wvithout any provocation, and as I have seen or heard nothing of him this l st year past, I hereby declare unless he returns in three days from this date, I shall take it as a divorce, and shall marry again immediately. Jane Rentz. The man who is too poor to take a paper, has bought a slap-sided dog, an old shot gun and a twenty-shilling gold watch. Hie edu cates his children in the streets, and boards his Shaughais on his neighbgrs. < A very absent minded gentleman being up set by a boat into the river, sunk twice before he remembered he could swim. A pretty girl six feet high gives one a good idea of 'linked sweetness long drawn out.' i An indignant oysterman, in New'York, is represented to have encouraged the failing ap- a petite of his customers by saying, "if any t man can prove as he died in consequence of eating my oysters, I'll pay his expenses inG Greenwood." If a man's inhumanity to man ipkes count less thousands mourn, what is the effect of man's inhumanity to woman? Diplomacy is the art of saying something when you have got nothing to say--as much as it is the art of saying nothing, when you real- t ly have got something to say. A book is about to be issued, and which re joices in the singular name of Von Have Heard t of Them." I A small family could live under the great i bell of Vienna. It has aclappgr of fourteen' c hundred pounds in weight, and requires eight l men to ring it. When a bank suspends in Australia, theyi take the president to a neighboring tree and c serve him in the same manner. A simple re- u medy, but very efficacious. A brother editor tells us that when he was r in prison for libelling a justice of the peace, he, s was requested by the jailor to give the prison a puff. s Here are a few questions which want answer- t; ing: Can a head gardener be acquainted with the mysteries of hair cutting? May a dispo- s sition for going to sea be defined as an organ v for sale? If a man thirsts for. knowledge, should be be harrassed with dry reading? A Christmas Legend. It was christmas eve. Around a cheerless fire in an htible dwelling were seated four per sons, a man, his wife and two children. The age of the one, a boy, wad about ten, that of the other, a girl, seven. They were looking up from their little stools to their parents, whose conversation they had been listening to with some attention, and anxiously awaiting for an opportunity to speak upon a subject in which their hearts were much interested. Christmas eve is an epoch in the life of youth. They look forward to its approach with all those pleasing anticipations ever attendant on boyhood, and to the fulfillment of those joyous dreams which pictured that happy event in all the gorgeous colors of youthful fancy. There is a charm in the very sound of christmas, it comes upon the heart that is care worn like a ray of hope, it sheds upon the pallid cheek of sorrow a beam which illumines the darkest chambers of the soul, it is a day set apart for the great purpose of purifying the moral world, and giving to cre ated things a glimpse of that which is eternal. The sabbath is the holy day of the week christmasof the year. Happy they who can meet it with a smile-happy they who extend to their children the full hand, and strew their pathway 4th the gems their young fancies had conjured up. The hobby-horse in the eyes of a little urchin, is a mine of wealth, a doll to a smiling faced girl, is a gift whose price, in her estimation, is beyond human computation. There is not one upon whom a parent or friend bestows a testimonial of affection or esteem, but becomes in the eyes of the receiver a prize to be remembered when other and "brighter things shall have passed away." That happy moment when the morn breaks upon the holyday and the stocking's treasures are laid before them, is worth, in their estima tion, all the promises and bright prospects of the great future. What is the future to the en joyment of youth who bask in the sunshine of the present? There was a pause in the conversation, the little girl looked up and met the tearful eyes of her pale chA.ied mother, the past had been the subject of their discourse,and the remembrance 1had filled their hearts with grief. Their daugh ter now spoke. "Motho, I have tied my stocking to that big nail near the fire place, do you think Kris Krin gle will come down the chimney to-night?" "0, sister, what nonsense," quickly replied the boy, "how can such a huge figure as he is represented get down our poor chimney?" "That is it, my child-it is because we are I poor. Poverty keeps from the humble door all the bright things of the earth, except virtue, truth, and religion, these are more of heaven than of earth, and are the poor man's friend in his hours of adversity." '' "'Then, father, I will take my stocking down - I thought, indeed mother, I thought that Santa 'n Claus and Kris Kringle loved all those who are it good, and have I not been good? I know my lesson, I love you, mother, and my brother ', dearly, and do whateverI am told." ss "Yes, yes, you are a good girl, do not take er the stocking down. Custom, at least, should be observed, and perhaps thy young heart ma) a not be disappointed." This was uttered with a " sigh, which was responded to by the mother and silence again reigned in that humble dwel is ling. d "Yes," muttered the father, "this night seven years ago she disappeared, eloped, and no tidings heard of her since. Anchese child ren - ' y "Think of it nonore, husband, she was an . ungrateful child, but this is not all, the anni versary of that misfortune heralds in another, t- our rent is due to-morrow and a merciless land lord to deal with. What shall we do?" e "Ungrateful child! Yes, yes, so she was, at t- least in that one act, for up to that period was she not our pride, our comfort? You ask what shall we do about the rent. Why, do as others have done before us, go to the poor-house, and i that day which has and will. give joy to thou e sands, will be to us the gloomiest, and that little girl, that dear creature, whose stocking now hangs upon that rusty nail in expectation of s finding therein some pleasing toy, will find in its place a mouldy crust of bread-it is all her father has to give. God be with us, but this is a fearful world." , "0, husband, say not that. The world is I Deity's work, and are not created things his cl'aitures?" "True, it is our lot, then, come what will. let us bear it patiently. Yes, wife, you are right. But I have often thought, and sometimes my Sthougehts assume strange forms, and the mind conceices strange ideas. There is a fearful mystery in the philosophy of Deity, fordo we I not see the wicked prosper, and the righteous begging btgad? Crime dwells in palaces and sits in cushioned pews, it rides in costly vehi cles, and mocks the cries of the poor for bread, while honest poverty starves. I often think of this, and regret to say find myself murmuring at the decress of Providence." "Dear husband, what are the fci* short years of life on earth to that which is eternal. If the righteous suffer here, will they not be forever hlipy there? while the wicked and the prosperous man of crime, for his short lived pleasures on earth, will meet an eternity of wo heretfter." "You are my better angel, Gertrude, from this time forth I will never iepine. Hark! some on- knocks, see, John, who it is." John opened the door and admitted into the roof an old man antcwoman, both carrying a bundle evidently all their worldly wealth. The old trav~ler stood for a moment in the middle of the room, *czing on the group before him, then enquired how far they were from the city. "Two miles," was the ai~wer. "Two miles-we will not be able to reach it to-night, my dear wife is nearly tired out, we have traveled far to-day." "Then, sir, travel no further. John, hand chairs-sit down-that lowly bed is yours for the nighlt-to-morrow it is the landlord's-sleep there in peace. Wife, get some bread and cheese for our guests, and John put some more chips on the fire, for the wind whisles wintry around the house." "And is this your family, all your family?" enquired the female traveler in a tremulous voice. * "~ro! no! not all, we had one otler---a daugh ter." "Dead! alas, we must all die," "Dead to us, my good woman, but not to the world, but let us speak no more of her. Here is some bread and cheese, it is all poverty has to offer, and to it you are heartily wel come." There was another pause, every one seemed wrapped up in their own thoughts, and as tlie wind whistled around the house and -shook its old dilapidated windows, they mechanically crept closer to the meagre fire. There came upon their ears, in that lonely quiet house, the sound of merry voices, the violin, the tambo rine, and the loud jocund laugh broke upon the stillness like some ill-omened messenger. Yet was it christmas eve. But from whence came such strains? This question was asked by the traveler. "Ah, sir," replied their host, "those joyful isounds, in which are mingled many a youthful voice, proceed from the dwelling of my land- I lord. He is wealthy, immensely wealthy, and althou h lavish to extravangance in his own. family, he is ever the poor man's foe. Many an inmate of the poor-house owes his fate to that hard hearted, cruel man. Even now these very sounds which should proceed from happy hearts, are forced andntended to mock our poverty." "Is it possible?" "Go to that door, sir, look out and you will see thai his windows are up so as the gay sounds may reach our wretched ears. Al, sir, human nature is a mystery, this is one of its enigmas, and can only be explained when the secrets of all hearts must be made known. Hark! that shout-all mockery, all mockery." The moribf christmas day was a lovely one, the sun arose bright and beautiful, its soft beams warmed the chilly air and made a mil lion of young hearts happy. Scarcely had the light broke into that little chamber than the young child stole slily out of bed, and crept softly into the room where slept the Avo travel ers. One look toward the chimney place, one glance at her stocking was the first idea, and then toward the bed where the old couple lay -they still slept, all was quiet. Her little heart throbbed with high hope, her dreams had been pleasing ones, dolls, toys, and games had danced gaily through her mind during the night. Streaks of light came down through the half closed shutters, and as asje stepped stealthily across the room, objects b came more distinct, the fire place before all dark, now as sumed its natural color, and the stocking, what was that! what objeA now so rivets her gaze that she stands spell bound in the centre of the room? Step by step she approached nearer to the place, and to her surprise and astonishment she found, not only the stocking full, but on a stool beneath it were many pleasing and de li thtful toys. Books, candies, &c., lay strewed l1 around,was it a dream of her youthful fancy? or was it reality! HIer head rt? round,' the room seemed full of strange objects. Fairies were dancing on the carpet,Elfin sprites seemed whirling their little forms through the room,and as she cast her eyes on the bed, the figures of the two old people had changed, and two pair of sparkling eyes were gazing on her-alarmed astonished, bo bent upon the stocking's treas ure, she gave one wild scream of joy and fear, caught the treasure in her arms, grasping at the same time the well filled stool she rushed wildly from the room. As she passed through the door a peal of laughter followed, and closing 'the door she bounded into the sleeping apart ment of her parents. In an instant the house was all alive, the scream awoke her father and mother, and her brother springing toward her snatched a box on which was written his own; name, he grasped it eagerly, and opening it found to hissurprise thatit was filled with had some bound books and various amusing games and toys. "0, tather," exclaimed the delighted Jane a' "Kris Kringle has been here. See, see what. e he has brought us. 0 such beautiful toys,such f gems of things. I am so happy." r And the delighted girl danced and capered about the room, gazing alternately at'her little e store and her equally astonished parents. The I old man muttered something about "he sus Y pected them both when they first put foot a within his door." H Iaving dressed themselves they descended to the lower room, and making up t fire, the kitchen, which was used as their eating room 'soon presented a cheerful and christmas like I appearance. The coffee was made, the cakes baked, and the poor oppressed family, who ex pected to be turned out of their house for the n non-payment of rent, forgot awhile their trou blessid their grief. There are moments when the doors of memory are closed, and the bright sunshine of hope makes its future alloclear. Sorrow is not eternal, it has its changes, its stops, and its antidote, they come in the mo ment of trial, and presto! the whole scene of t life is variegated with the pleasing colors of" fancy. Is it all fancy' Let us see. "Now, good wife, knock at the door of our guests, bid them forth to our humble meal, the have been kind to our children,and tl*ir strange dress and manners, assumed no doubt for pur poses of their own, is no business of ours. Call them to breakfast." The wife obeyed, and the door being opened out came,not the descript old man and woman, but a young and lovely couple dressed in fine clothes, their faces lit up with smiles, and the merry christmas was given with a fervor and sincerity, to hear which was to feel that it came from the heart. The humble family start ed and gazed upon their guests, the children crept behind their parents, for their youthful imaginations had already clothed their kind pa trons in a supernatural garb. "How is this," exclaimed the father, "why these disguises, and-." "Hush, sir," exclaimed the laughing coupl, "recollect this is christmas morn, and we now appear, now as old Santa Claus and his wife, but as we are, the mere actors of this pleasing farce. But say no more, your coffee smells de licious, those cakes look inviting, and my Ame lia is hungry, I know she is." "Amelia," muttered their host and hostess. "Yes, Amelia, why, how sad you look, is there anything in the sound calculated tof ake you feel sad?" "No, no, on the contrarY, the name calls' up the past, when af was joy, all was happi IJness." "Alih, William, see how you distress these poor people. No more of this." "But, sir," exclaimed their host, "one word, gracious heaven, let me gaze once more on that face. Wife, look up! seV do you not-am I awake?" "Father! mother! do you not know y'air long lost Amelia?" "My child! my child!" screamed the mother, and in a moment the daughter was clasped to the breast of her overpowered parent. "Stand back!" exclaimed her fatter as Amelia now approached him, "stand back! let. not the crimson blush of shame mantle on thy I mother's cheek for taking to her arms the lost: a and abandoned. Away! leave us to oursorrow, I the withered tree cannot revive, though the green tendril should entwine itself once more r around it. Its purity is gone." a "0, father! hear me." r "Speak not, ungrateful girl, that man, that a base- ." "Silence, fatllgr, wrong him not, he is all truth, all honor." i "He is thy paramour, girl." "No father, he is my kind and affectionate husband." f "Ah! thy husband!" t In a moment the daughter was clinging to t the breast of her father. Then there was at joy, and the christmas morn looked forward to a in sorrow, became all sunshine and happiness. n Our story is told. William Sandford had stolen away, like Othello, the oldman's daugh ter, and like him, married her. William had been wild and dissipated, and was forbidden n the house. Amelialovedlhim, they were youngr and foolish, the world appeared before them all a sunshine, a garden of flowers-they looked not - i for the clouds, they dreamed not of the thorns. Shortly after the elopement they left Amerie s for England. Amelia sent aletter to her fatheri which it appears he never received. They left n friends and home--thought not of the misery d they had caused, and the sorrowing hearts of those they left behind. Reflection in youth is not the rcIlectiom of age. The o.e is the off- !a spring of a day, the other of years. One agi tates the surface of the mind,the other maddens the brain. . After their arrival in England, Sandford be came heir to a large estate, then it was, after Providence had blessed them with a fine boy, they thought of the past, for parents only can feel for parents. The remembrance of a fa ther's kindness, a mother's love came over Amelia's dream of happiness like a cloud, frowning on her joy, and dimming the bright ness of her life's sunshine. That heart can never know happiness which closes nits doors against a parents love. "'Dear mother, can you forgive me-father, will you bless your Amelia once more?" "Say no more, all is forgotten-all is for given." "And my brother, too, and dear little sis God bless me, but I am so happy." To say they were happy is a word scarcely strong enough. Repentance brings happiness and the sunshine of religion sheds over the soul that holy ray of light which nothing on earth can ever dim. It is the star of Jehovah fixed eternal in the heart. Did the landlord seize their little furniture? No! happiness was theirs, and a more cheerful christmas day could not be imagined than the one passed beneath the humble roof of Robert Paxson. Let my readers reflect on the moral of this sketch, if it creates one throb of pleas ure and sympathy for the poor tamily, now made happy, then is the author fully repaid for his CIRISTMAS LEGEND. TIIE RUINED BANKER.-We understand that Mr. Manchester left this city on Satu'rday even ing. Since the failure of his banking-louse,on Tuesday, it has not been safe for him to be seen abroad alone. We know not his present place of abode, or where he intends to settle himself. One thing is certain-his days of usefulness in this city have departed. His property has been placed in the hands of assignees, but from what we can gather, the assets will not meet the lia bilities. Many of those who are losers, are hard working men and women. They entrus ted their small earnings in his bank, and we fear they will not be able to get them back. We 4earn that his failure is chiefly attributed to stock speculation*, borrowing money at large rates of interest, and extravagant living. Some months ago he bought fifty thousand dollars worth of stocks in one of the railway enterpris es in this state, which fell on his hands very rapidly, and his loses were heavy. In our city there are few, very few, who express any sym pathy for the ruined banker, while "curses,both loud and deep," follow his footsteps like an echo. One of the sad evils which follow wrecked fortunes and wrong doing, is the sor rows which fall upon the innocent family. We shall not attempt encroach upon the sanctity of their private griefs. -o Il The present case of failure, and the disas trous consequences following it, are not withouti 1 their moral. The bane of hodern city life is a i e desire to make money and to live in a style be e yond our legitimate means to afford. The old maxims of homebred prudence have lost much it of their force, and are rarely practiced. The desire to outshine our neighbors, or at least to d be equal with them in show making and party ! giving, and fine dresses and furniture, aend n costly yet useless ornaments, are among the e fruitful causes of tight money markets, bank s ruptcy and domestic ruin. No history has ever recorded the miseries which the slavery of fash e ion and the arbitrary demands of society inflit, upon men-a slavery more galling than that of n the servitude of the southern negro-the many t shifts that are made to keep up appearance, to hide the truth and to raise money to meet the s notes #oming due. No wonder we have care worn faces, premature grey hairs, and effemi f nate constitutions-the legitimate offsprings of f a passion to live beyond~our means, and to keep uip appearances. • We do not mea to say that failures in busi ness will not happen at times even when the Sgreatest amount of prudence has been observed. Mjisfortune is an incident to everything human. But~ve do mean to say that there is more real poignant misery, more sleepless nights, and F dreaded days occasioned by this mania for ap pearing to be better off than we are, and sup- i porting establishments beyond that which we can legitimately afford, than by any other thing. The case of Mr. Manchester is a striking in stance. The false appearance, like false lights on the sea coast held out by wreckers and pi rates to delude the mariner deceives and ruins many. The poor people, who entrusted him with their hard-won money, were deceived by t.e false lights which he held out. Up to the moment of his failure he was considered one of' the wealthiest men in the city, but when theH lightning struck, it left the tree *bare of fruit and leaf. Nothing remained but the trunk I scarred and wortlllcss. The poor have lost that which they intrusted to him, and disap pointmerg and unavailable sorrow fill many hearts. Nor are these all the evils which a course like his brings upon the community. The trust worthy, the solvent, the honest and just suffer from them. They become in a measure objects i of suspicion, especially to those who have the least means of ascertaining the truth. They en gender in the hearts of the mhasses prejudices which therein gangrene and r1inkie for a lifetime and exhibit their evil fruits in hatred of banks' and paper money. These become the political capital of office seekers and demagogues. Pos- I ted on "Manchester's building.yesterday morn- I ing, was a piece of foolscap paper, on which t was written in a plain round hand, these words: ' "This building was erected by widows' tears,' I and orphan's cries,"-the production, perhaps, f of some seamstress or poor widow, whose little' r earnings, the harvest of long years of toil and s midnight watching, were lost to her forever. t In these times of commercial and monetary s distress, it is well to reflect upon the means by t which they may be partially avoided, and to c avert a recurrence of them in the future. I [Cincinnati Gazette. a The United States consul to Asunction, in the s republic of Paraguay, has managed to get into t a very bad odor with the government of that republic. An incident has recently brought out' a manifestation of the feelings entertained to- ° wards him. His brother, Mr. Clement E* Hop kins, for many years connected with the press , in New York, was struck by an incensed dra- e goon with the flat of the sabre. The consul d made reclamations on the government for satis- a faction, and took occasion to read a lecture to s the government on the hostile feeling evinced by the Paraguayans to the citizens of the United a States resident there. The minister for foreign p affairs replies in a note,which, for plain speaking e may be regarded as a model for statesmen. He i charges the consul with perverting facts and suppressing truths, tells him if he and his family1 t would only observe laws as good ctizens, no necessity would arise for such complaints, re-i pudiates the insinuation made by Mr. Hopkins si as to the services rendered by him to thatrepub- tI lie, tells him he uses his official position to fur-i ther his private speculations, and finally makes ! some interesting development., in connection ill with the Uuited States and Paraguay steam, w navigation company. The correspondence is m decidedly rich. The navigation of the A!abruna river is al- th most as bad as that of fled luver, dci A few years ago a very improbable story found its way into the newspapers, respecting William Wirt-namely: that while paying his addresses to the lady whom he afterward mar ried, the engagement was interrupted by her demanding and his refusing to make a promise that he would never taste wine or any alcoholic mixture as a beverage. Wirt positively declin ed such a pledge, and the lady would wed him on no other terms. So goes the story. At length she passed him sleeping off a drunken debauch in the street, and with her handker chief covered his face. When he recovered, the name of the lady written upon the hand kerchief so annoyed him, and the circumstance so humiliated him, that though from that hour he reformed, it was a long time before he could summon courage to meet her. When he did .see her, he was ready to make the required promise, and she was ready to wed the recov ered inebriate. Such is the story. It fell under the eye of of some relative of the deceased scholar and statesman, who positively and unqualifiedly denied its truth, and affirmed in a card over his own name, that no such circumstance oc curred. Still the tale is repeated and travels on, while the contradiction never can overtake it. In the minds of many Wirt's memory will always be coupled with the debauch and the pocket handkerchief. The tale cannot be put down or extinguished. The more years that pass the firmer will the popular belief be fixed, and the higher will be the admiration of suc cessive generations of readers. Now, we protest against such reckless abuse of the fair name and fame of any one. We admit that public men are, to a certain extent, public property; but the property is not so ab solute as to authorise either injury or entire destruction. Virtue and temperance gain no thing by falsehoods in their behalf; and the real woes of intemperance are bad enough not to require the invention ofothers. The dead, who cannot defend themselves, should be spared the connexion of their names with such legends. Cautiously, even if true, should they be nar rated; and, if false, he is worse than a high wayman who originates them. THE CALIFORNIA PIONEER.-The Alta Cali fornia has an interesting sketch of the general history of the first volunteers who took shipýat New York on the 26th September, 1846, for the "land of gold." The regiment was composed of all classes and descriptions of men. In the ranks enlisted as privates, were lawyers, physi cians, merchants, printers, actors, representa tives of all the mechanical trades, and a few loafers. ,Sons of senators and representatives in congress, finding the commissions all filled, enlisted in the ranks, and wore the uncouth uniform. The regiment was enlisted with the understanding between Mr. Marcy (then secre tary of war) and col. Stevenson, that its mem bers were not to be returned to the United States, but to be turned adrift in California. So the ships with these seven hundred volunteers arrived in the bay of San Francisco on the 6th of March, 1847. They were the pioneers. Their history is as yet unwritten. The survi vors are scattered far and wide over that grow ing state. The bones of many of them are lying on the ocean's floor, some are buried amid the golden sands of California-many in nameless graves, others sought their native shores to die among the scenes of childhood. Some still wander among the mountains of California as miners, some have become farmers there,some are rich, but most of them as poor as when they took a farewell view of Sandy Hook. "Out of the whole regiment," says tl;e Alta, "about three hundred remain in California." They have watched over the cradle of the young state,and now that she has attained to lusty youth, they can see how goodly a work they began. STOCK BREEDING.-J. order to make the breeding of domestic animals profitable, the ebreeder must have a clear idea of what is un derstood by "breed," and of what is to be ob served in the mixing or crossing of thedifferent . breeds. Considering the great importance of 1 this subject, I have deemed it proper to give it - due attention here. It will be necessary, in the first place, to • agree as to what is meant by "breed,"-an ex pression not always regarded in the same light. Thus, an animal possessing noble qualities, of which we again have different ideas in the dif ferent kinds of animals, is often said to be "of sgood breed." But this is not right, for what ever animal, which, independent of the quali ties peculiar to the kind it belongs to, possesses still others, which it bestows upon its offspring, f may likewise, though it is not customary to do so, be called an animal "of breed." Here we understand by breed, that animals belonging to the same kind not only favor each other in external and other qualities, but they at the same time transfer this similarity as a legacy to their progeny. We often hear it said, that an an animal is of pure or constant breed, and that a breed is con solidated. These expressions are so nearly re lated to a clear idea of "breed," as to make a brief explanation necessary here. A breed is called pure or constant when it in every respect answers to the description thereof and in this case alone may be sure of its off spring being likely to resemble the parents. If we, by pairing two breeds with each other in several generations according to determined principles, transform one breed into another, then the degree of the transformation thus .0b tained is designated by the word generation. Thus, the first offspring from the pairing of tio breeds constitutes the first generation. If th female of the first generation is paired with the' male of one of the breeds, we have the off spring of a second generation, if the female of the latter again is paired with the male of the same breed as in the preceding case, we have the offspring of a third generation, and if we continue the pairing in this manner, the num ber of the generatiorn rises by every following accession. If by this mode of procedure we get so far as to make it evident, that the off spring has in every respect received the quali ties of the breed, into which we have endeav ored to trninsform the other, then the breed is called consolidated. The Charleston Couries says: thousands of vials of what is called "tooth wash," are sold every month, being "warranted to remove all dark color, etc., from the teeth immediately, and give them 4 pearly whiteness. It pre serves the teeth from decay, renders the breath sweet, prevents tartar from forming upon them, and being carried int, the stomach, thus im proves the general health of the system." On examination, this affair is proved to consist on ly of water, with a little common muriatic acid, (hydro-chloric acid,) and its only action upon the teeth was to. dissolve off a portion of their surface, which, of course, removed the dark coating. The continued use of this wash would soon entirely cat away the teeth and destroy them. Love flits into rhyme as naturally as peas into a pod-in fact, rhyme without love in it, would be pods without peas, or in other words, mere husks without any marrow. A pretty face, is often like cheap furniture; the varnish that caught the eye, will not en dure the fireside blaze.