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VOL. V.1 SHREVEPORT, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER I0, 1856. N O4.
TeE SOUTH-WST.lRN is published weekly at TnBEE
DoLLaS per annum, payable in advance four dollars
if not paid at the time of subscribing. Persons wish
ing to discontinue must give two weeks' notice. No
paper stopped, except at the option of the publishers,
until all arrearages are paid.
ADVEITtsEMENTs inserted at the rate of ONE DOL
LAr rTE SQUARE for the first insertion, and FrIFTY
CENTS for each subsequent one. TEN LINES, or less,
constitute a square. Liberal deductions made to those
who advertise by the year.
J. P. BENJAMIN,
TTORNEY AT LAW, No. 49 Canal street,
A New Orleans. Will also practice in the supreme
court of the United States, Washington.
TTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
A Custom-house street, New Orleans.
CHAS. Y. JONTE,
TTORNEY AT LAW, and commissioner to
take testimony for Alabama, Georgia, Tennes
see, Kentucky, Ohio, New York, Pennsylvania,Mas A
achusetts, Mississippi, Arkansas, and every other
tate in the Union, corner of Camp and Common C
streets, fopposite the City Hotel,) New Orleans.
JOHN HALL. EDWIN W. RODD. JAS. M. PUTNAM. v
HALL, RODD & PUTNAM,
Cotton and Sugar Factors, g
!4o. 8 Customhouse street, between Chartres and Old
Levee, New Orleans.
GIVE their undivided attention to the sale of the
above articles consigned to them, and to the pur
chase of plantation supplies, bagging, rope, etc. oct10 2
THOMAS L. WHITE,
No. 105 CANAL STREET, (second door below the
Mechanics' and Traders' Bank,) New Orleans,
Bookseller & Stationer,
LAW, Medical, Miscellaneous and School Books,
l Writing Paper, viz: cap, letter and note. Wrap
ping paper of various qualities; quills, steel pens,ink, fi
and a general assortment of BLaNr BooxS. Country
merchants and teachers are requested to call and ex- '1
mine the stock. j26-1y p
SDR. GUSTINE'S OFFICE
For the Treatment of Diseases of the EvE and
Imperfections of Vision, No. 135 ST. CHARiES STREET,
opposite Lafayette Square, New Orleans. All surgi
cal operations upon the Eye attended to. Such as
Cataract, Squinting, the insertion of Artificial Eyes,
etc., etc. jan 1, 1856
J. West, Practical Dentist,
S112 ST. CHARLES STREET, near the cor- I
ner of Poydras, would respectfully in
form ladies and gentlemen viaiting New
Orleans that he performs all operations on the teeth,
in a most skillful and satisfactory manlier.
The superiority of J. W.'s Artificial Teeth above all
others, have been long well known and appreciated by
hundreds who are enjoying the benefits of them. Per
sons desirous of availing themselves of such, would do
well to call and examine his specimens.
Dental depot for the sale of Teeth,Foil,Instruments,
etc. Office and residence 112 St. Charles street,near
the corner of Poydras. fehl. 1851?
WM. BRAGG, U
CARPENTER AND BUILDER,
No. 169 Camp street, corner of Girod,
C ISTERNS of all sizes constantly on hand. Sash,
Doors, Blinds, etc., made to order. ap25
TIRRELL & BATES,
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in
BOOTS, SHOES ANR HATS,
No. 9 Magazina streetN, ew Orleans.
Manufactory, at South Weymouth, Mase. march 12
CYRUS FLINT. J. H. JONES
C. FLINT & JONES,
Wholesale and retail dealers in
Chairs, feathers, moss and hair mattresses,curled hair,
hair cloth, varnish, etc., Nos. 46 and 48 Royal street,
New Orleans. nov 9, 1855
NEW FURNITURE STORE.
Nos. 171 and 173 CANAL STREET, NRw ORLEANS.
STHE undersigned having opened so
a large and splendid assortment of
of New Fnrniture, is A~
prepared to supply the trade and families on the most a
liberal terms. This being the ONLY ENTIRE NEW STOCE 7(
in the city, purchasers will find it to their advantage
to call and examine the goods and learn the prices I2
before purchasing elsewhere. Will keep constantly
on hand Mahogany and Walnut 2.
Bedsteads, Bureaus, i1
Armoires, Centre Tables,
Chairs, Sofa do 1I
Sofas, Card do
Tete-a-tetes, Extension do
Easy Chairs, Washstands,
Secretaries, Book Cases, 1
Ottomans, Lounges, 15
Canopies, Cribs, 1<
Feathers, Looking-Glasses, spring, hair and moss mat- 2
tresses, together with a great variety of every article 2(
usually found in a furniture warehouse. 5
oct24 CHA'S. A. STEWART. I
D. KELHAM, 4i
117 Nos. 43, 45 and 48 Bienville street, 60
NEW ORLEANS. 20
KEEPS constantly on hand a
large assortment of Furni- 21
ture, such as mahogany and 31
Armoires, Centre Tables, Ri
Chairs, Sofa do ta
Sofas, Card do Fst
Tete-a-tetes, Extension Tables, pr
Easy chairs, Washstands,
Secretaries, Book Cases, wI
Ottomans, Lounges, 50
F'eathers, looking-glasses, spring, hair and moss mat- no
tresses, etc. D. KELHAM. ne
New Orleans, April 9, 1856.
Drugs, Medicines, &c. so
pHE subscriber having recently been supplied with sh
La large and fresh stock of Drugs, Medicines,
Chemicals, Perfumery, etc., would respectfully notify fa
all country merchants, planters and physicians that no
every thing in my line will be sold at very small ad- "
vance for cash, or city acceptances. Below are a few Si
of the aticles on hand:
900 ozs solph: quinine, 300 tbs pow'd rhubarb, sp
100 , aulph: morphine, 200 tbs ipecac,
100, " strychnine, 500 lbs senna,
100 " nitrate silver, 2000 ltbs gum arabic,
15 bbls refi'd camphor, F 600 lbs tartaric acid, p
100 kegs sup: carb:soda, 300 ibs blue mass,
10 bbis cream tartar, 300 lbs calomel, E.tA., h
20 bbls epsom salts, 1000 Uts indigo,
20 bblscopperas, .0i00 lbs madder, thi
15 bbls castor oil, 50 lbs chloroform, ta5
20 bbls linseed oil, 20 grqss seid'z powders, by
20 bble sp: turpentine, 20 " yeast . pre
20 bbls alcohol, 25 " soda "
40 kegs salt petre, 40 gross sugar lemons. on
2000 bxs druggists' glassware, patent medicines, per- ret
femery; medicine chests, instruments, etc., etc. dis
G. N. MORISON, Wholesale Druggist, ful
dec 27, 1854 12 Magazine st., New Orleans. im
118 Canal street, between Royal and Bourbon,
T HE undersigned having completed his arrange
ments for the manufactory of
on a very large scale, takes pleasure in informing his
country friends and the southern planters generally,
that he is now prepared to supply them at the shortest
Ready-Made Negro Clothing
of the best material, and cut to fit each individual, at
as low prices as articles of inferior quality of northern
manufacture. P. A. HEBRARD,
Wholesale and retail Dry Goods Store,
118 Canal, between Royal and Bourbon sts.
New Orleans, April 2, 1856.
WE are agents for the above favorite
Ploughs, and have now on hand a
large supply. For sale by
jan23 E. & B. JACOBS.
500 Hall and Spear Ploughs, just
received per steamer Runaway.
feb22 OGLESBY & GRISWOLD.
FANCY AND WHITE DRILLING-A fine as
sortment, just received and for sale by
march26 G. M. LEVY & Co.
A FRICAN CAYENNE-Fresh African Cayenne
t Pepper, for sale at WM. BALL's Drug-store.
Q UININE--Pure and fresh, just received and for
sale at T. H. MORRIS' drug store.
HOT-Of asserted sizes, patent wading, etc., for
t W .le at ,.jORRIS' nrug-store.
PAPER AND STATIONERY WAREHOUSE,
E No., 53 and 55 Common street, New Orleans.
E. R. STEVENS & Co.,
" TINVITE the attention of merchants and others vis
o iting New Orleans, to their extensive stock of
' Printing, Writing and Wrapping Papers,
BLANK BOOKS, PLAYING CARDS, INKS, &k.,
which for variety and extent cannot be surpassed by
, any other house, and are offered at the lo*est prices.
6000 reams Printing Paper, of all sizes used;
4000 "-- Foolscap do ruled and plain,
5000 - Letter do do do
10,000 - Fancy Note do do
3500 - Straw and rag Wrapping Paper,all sizes
te 1500 - Hardware and bag do do
2000 - Manilla do do
1000 gross Playing Cards, all qualities;
500 boxes Black Writing Ink;
J' 1000 dozen Webster's Spelling Books;
500 - McGaffy's Readers;
500 -- Webster's Dictionary,
o 400 - Walker's do
500 Family Quarto Bibles, common and fine.
s- ALso-A large assortment of full and half-bound
!r BLANK BOOKS, consisting of record books, day
n books,journals, ledgers, writing books, etc.
Copying Presses, Envelopes, and Stationery ofevery
* Wade & Butcher's pocket Cutlery, Razors and Scis
sors, of direct importation, at very low prices.
11Y BLANE Boors MADE AND RoLED TO ORDER, of any
d pattern. I april 25
J. D. DAMERON & Co.,
O 26 Chartres and 27 Customhouse street, New Orleans,
- AVE constantly on hand a large and choice as
sorxment of Velvet Wilton Tapestry Carpeting;
Brussels Tapestry Carpeting;
Three-ply and Ingrain do
Matting, rugs, baizes, door mats;
s, Stair and hall Carpeting, etc.
Floor Oil Cloth,
k, from 3 feet to 24 feet wide, which we cut to suit any
size room or hall.
t- Together with window cornices, curtain pins, trans
parent window blinds, etc. april9
JED'B. WATERMAN. CHAS. M. WATERMAN.
J. WATERMAN & BROTHER,
d HARDWARE MERCHANTS,
~ Corner of Common and Magazine streets, New Orleans.
. IIHAVE on hand and are daily
is receiving by foreign and
domestic arrivals, a gene
- ral assortment of articles, comprising in part as follows:
Hardware, Cutlery, &c.
r- Iron, Steel, Nails, Rope,
I- Axes, Chains, Scythes,
w Carpenter's Tools, complete,
h, Ccoper's Tools, complete,
Anvils, Vices, Bellows,
11 Stock and Dies, Screwplates, s
y Ploughs, Hay Cutters, Corn Shellers,
r- Agricultural Implements,
o Mill, Cross-cut and Pit Saws,
Ox Yokes, Bows, Singletrees,
s, Turning Lathes,
tr Platform Scales,
Corn Mills, Cob Crushers
Hoes, Hames, Shovels and Spades,
Andirons, Fenders, Shovels and Tongs,
Copper and Iron Coal Hods,
Single and double barrel Guns,
Coffee Heclas, Chafing Dishes,
Chinese Gongs, Iron Bedsteads,
Britannia and Plated Ware,
Meat Cutters, Sausage Stuffers,
Stock Kettles, Portable Forges,
nov 15, 1855 Seines, Fishing Tackle, etc etc.
For Summer and Fall Trade, 1856.
WM. B. MILLER,
Wholesale and Retail
DRUGGIST AND BOOKSELLER,
TEXAS STREET, SHREVEPORT,
Is now receiving and opening a
t large and FRESH stock, recently
P urchased from Manufacturers
and Importers, in New York and
Philadelphia, particular attention
has been paid to making the as
sortment as complete as possible, and to the selection
of Pare Drags, which can be recommended and ovGUA.
ANTIED to my patrons. The following list comprises
t a few of the articles on hand and to arrive:
700 ozs Powers &Weight- 2000 lbs sup: carb: soda
e man's Quinine 1000 ibs coperas
225 ourtces Rosengarten's 350 lis sal: soda
y i Quinine 500 lbs Epsom salts
250 btlr salts of morphine 800 lbs roll sulphur
150 lbsPowers &Weight- 850 lbs flour sulphur
man's chloroform 400 gallons alcohol
150btlsPowers&Weight- 150 do castor'oil
man's strychnine 320 do lard oil
75btls Powers&Weight- 400 do linseed oil
man's preciptext bark 150 do varnish
20 Its iodide potassium 200 do train oil
125 Itbs best EaA calomel 8000 lbs pure anst extra
125 b1s do do blue mass white lead
f 200 lbs spts: nitre dulc: 2000 lbs putty in bladders
e 200 Ibs aqua ammonia 1000 lbs Spanish whiting
50 tbs Turkey opium 100 books of gold leaf
60 tbisblisteringointment 6 gross paint brushes
450 lBs cream tartar, pure 800 lIs assorted soap
10 gross Scotch & Mac- 600 bse star candles
ca-boy snuff - 4 gross Ky mustard
600 bxs asst window glass " 250 lbs chrome and Par
200 gross bottles, phials is green
p and jars, assorted 10 reams sand paper
250 doz assorted liniments 25 gross lucifer matches
300 doz do vermifuge 100 lbts potash
300 do sptsturpentine 500 lbs saleratus
150 gross assorted patent medicines, embracing Jaynes
Radway's; McLane's, Bull's, Wright's Louden's Mof
fat's, Dalley's, 4yer's, Greffenburg's, Bragg's, Fahne
stock's, Fsrrel\,s, Townsend's, Sand's and Christie's
175 reasns letter, cap and note paper. 100 reanms
wrapping ;,aper; 25,000 envelopes, 150 gross steel pens
50 doz. blank books; 6 gross assorted inks.
A large and varied new stock of School Books, late
- novels, in cheap form; poetical, medical and miscella
neous books, it- great variety.
Fine pen and pocket knives, razors and strops, scis
sors, pencils, fishing tackle, toys, tooth, hair, cloth,
shaving asd other brushes, musicalinstruments and
appurtenances, gun caps, pipes,'combs; notions and
fancy article in great variety, French, English and A
imerican perfumery, toilet articles generally, surgical
instruments, botonic medicines, medicine chests, phy
sicians' saddle bags, tea, spices, dye stuffs, best brands
of chewing and smoking tobocco, brandy, wines and
spirits for medicinal use, powder, shot, starch, vinegar,
wrapping paper, lanterns, parlor and store lamps, wil
low baskets, blacking, etc,, etc., etc.
The following are my own preparations, are highly
approved snd recommened to the public:
MIller'gs Astringent Balsamn, for cholera, diarrhie,
cholie and derangement of the bowels from change of
water. Eight years experience has satisfied me that
this is the best general remedy for the people ex
tant, and I do not hesitate to recommend it to be kept
by every family and traveler, as a means of safety and
protection agaist cholera.
Biller's ELfetrestlng Magnesla Aperient, acts gently I
on the bowels, corrects acidity and flatulance, is highly
recommended for the cure of dyspepsia, sick headache
and costiveness, isa very agreable cooling drink. La
dies who have used this remedy, find it peculiarly use
ful and salutary, if not indispensable. Beware of the
imitations of this medicine, sold elsewhere.
Mller'ap Sapierior Yeast Powders, put up itn I, 2 and
4 lbs. cans, forfamily use, for making light, sweet and
nutritious bread, equally adopted to loaves, hot biscuits
or rolls; buckwheat and other griddle cakes, ginger
bread, and sweet cakes of all kinds; the bread made
with this yeast, is free from all objections, it is whole
some, disg,-stil le and economical.
Orderg fom physicians, merchants and planters will
be executed with fidelity and dispatch, and at as low
prices as possible. Fresh additions will be made to the
stock durinrg the year. WM. B. MILLER,
April 30, 1856. Druggist and Bookseller.
Patent Circular Saw Mills, I
r en6E ulrociuar aaw initIII
tiTHE subscriber, agent for Lee & Leavitt, Cincin
1 nati, o4ffers for sale their Saw Mills, with the im
proved head blocks, enabling one man to move the
log on the ways with ease and with the greatest accu
racy, thereby saving one man's wages, and making
better work than mills with the usual screw-head
48 inch saw mill, carriage 25 feet long,...........$400
50 -- -- 25....................... 410
52 -- 25 . ............. 455
54 - - 25.................... 475
56 - 25....................... 500
Larger sizes in proportion.
Extra saws from 4 inches up to 72 inches. The saws
to these mills, as well as the other parts, are made by
L. & L., and are in general use in the west andsouth.
They have no superiors.
Horse-powers and steam engines are furnished
when ordered, made by L. & L., and adapted to these
mills. Two mills-in store and for sale by
L. J. WEBSTER,
Corner of Magazine and Lafayette streets,
march26, New Orleans.
SVACCINE MATTER-Fresh scabs and quills, for
Ssale a s WM. BALL's
Mr. Brown's Mishaps.
.Mr. Eliphalet Brown was a bachelor of thir
ty-ive, or thereabout; one of those men who
seem born to pass through the world alone.
Save this peculiarity, there was nothing to dis
tinguish Mr. Brown from the multitude of oth
er Browns who are born, grow up, and die in
this world of ours.
It chanced that Brown had occasion to visit
a town some fifty miles distant on matters of
business. It was his first visit to the place, and
he proposed stopping for a day in order to give
himself an opportunity to look about.
Walking leisurely along the street, he was
all at once accosted by a child of five, who ran
up to him exclaiming:
"Father, I want you to buy me some candy."
"Father!" Was it possible that he, a bach
elor, was addressed by that title? He could
not believe it!
"Who are you speaking to, my dear?" he in
quired of the little girl.
"I spoke to you, father," said the little one,
"Really," thought Mr. Brown, "this is em
"I am not your father, my dear. What is
The child laughed heartily, evidently think
ing it a joke.
"What a funny father you are," she said;
"but you are going to buy me some candy?"
"Yes, yes, I'll buy you a pound, if you won't
call me father any more," said Mr. Brown, ner
The little girl clapped her hands with de
light. The promise was all she remembered.
,Mr. Brown proceeded to a confectionary store,
and actually bought a pound of candy, which
he placed in the hands of the little girl.
In coming out of the store, they encountered
the child's mother.
"Oh, mother," said the little girl, "just see
how much candy father has bought me."
"You shouldn't have botglht her sd much at
one time, Mr. Jones," said the lady, "I am
afraid she will make herself sick. But how did
you happen to get home so quick? I did not
expect you till night."
"Jones-I-madam," said the embarrassed
Mr. Brown, "It's all a mistake; I ain't Jones at
all. It isn't my name. I am Eliphalet Brown,
of W--, and this is the first time I ever came
to this city."
"Good heavens! Mr. Jones, what has put
this silly tale into your head? You have con
cluded to change your name, have you? Per
haps it is your intention to change your wife?"
Mrs. Jones' tone was defiant, and this tended
to increase Mr. Brown's embarrassment.
"I haven't any wife, madam; I never had
any. On my word as a gentleman, I never was
"And do you intend to palm this tale off upon
me?" said Mrs. Jones, with excitement. "If
you are not married, I'd like toknow who I am?"
"I have no doubt you are a most respectable
lady," said Mr. Brown, "and I conjecture, from
what you have said, that your name is Jones;
but mine is Brown, madam, and always was."
"Melinda," said her mother, suddenly taking
the child by the arm, and leading her up to Mr.
Brown, "Melinda, who is this gentleman?"
"Why, that's father," was the child's im
mediate reply, as she confidingly placed her
hands in his.
"You hear that, Mr. Jones, do you? You
hear what that innocent child says, and yet you
have the unblushing impudence to deny that
you ar#my husband! The voice of nature,
speaking through the child, should overwhelm
you. I'd like to know if you are not her father,
why you are buyitg candy for her! I would
like to have you answer that. But I presume
you never saw her before in your life."
"I never did. On my honor, I never did.
I told her I would give her the candy if she
wouldn't calbme father any more."
"You did, did you? Bribed your own child
not to callf ou father! Oh, Mr. Jones, this is
infamous! Do you intend to desert me, sir, and
leave me to the cold charities of the world, and
is this your first step?"
Mrs. Jones was so overcome that without any
warning she fell back upon the side walk in a
Instantly a numberef persons ran to her as
"Is your wife subject to fainting in this
way?" asked the first comer of Brown.
"I don't know. She isn't my wife. I don't
s know anything about her."
"Why, it's Mrs. Jones, ain't it?"
"Yes; but I'm not Jones."
"Sir," said the first speaker, sternly, "this
is no time to jest. I trust that you are not the
s cause of the excitement which must have caus
ed your wife's fainting. Youvhad better call
sa coach and carry her home directly."
Poor Brown was confounded.
e "I wonder," thought he, "whether it's pos
sible that I am Mr. Jones without knowing it.
Perhaps I am really Jones, and have gone cra
zy, in consequence of which I fancy that my
name is Brown. And yet, I don't think I'm
I Jones. In spite of all, I will insist that my
name is Brown."
"Well, sir, what are you waiting for? It is
necessary that your wife should be removed at
once. Will you order a carriage?"
Brown saw that it was no use to protract the
discussion by a denial. Hie therefore, without
contesting the point, ordered a hackney coach
to the spot.
Mr. Brown accordingly lent an arm to Mrs.
f Jones, who had somewhat recovered, and was
t about to close the door upon her.
t "What, are you not going yourself?"
"Why, no; why should I."
"Your wife should not go alone, she has
Brown gave a despairing glance at the the
crowd around him, and deemed it useless to
make opposition where so many seemed so tho
roughly convinced that he was Mr. Jones, fol
lowed the lady in.
"Where shall I drive," said whip.
"I-I-don't know," said Brown. "Where
I would you wish to be carried?"
"Home, of course," murmured Mrs. Jones.
"Where is that?" asked the driver.
"I do not know," said Mr. Brown.
"No. 19 H- street," said the gentleman
already introduced, glancing contemptuously
"Will you help me out, Mr. Jones," said the
lady. "I am not fully recovered from the faint
ing fit into which your cruelty drove me."
"Are you quite sure that I am Mr. Jones?"
asked Mr. Brown with anxiety.
"Of course," said Mrs. Jones.
"Then," said he resignedly, "I suppose I
am. But you will believe me I wasfii'mly con
vinced this morning that my name was Brown,
and to tell the truth, I haven't any recollection
of this house."
Brown helped Mrs. Jones into the parlor, but,
good heavens! conceive the astonishment of all
when a man was discovered seated in an arm
chair, who was the very fac simile of Mr. Brown,
in form, features and every other respect!
"Gracious!" ejaculated the lady-"which
which is my husband?"
An explanation was given, the mystery clear
ed up, and Mr. Brown's pardon sought for the
embarrassing mistake. It was freely accorded
by Mr. Brown,who was quite delighted tothink,
after all, he was not Mr. Jones, with a wife
and child to boot.
The Battle of Trenton.
You have heard of general Knox, then col
a onel-and ofhis stentorian voice. I assure you
- that no justice can be done him or it; my ears
rang for a fortnight after, and do yet, when I
- remember how he galloped about cursing,
a swearing, dismounting every five minutes, and
lifting his own artillery, like a giant. He was
ta gallant fellow-full of blood-with all the
f New England hardihood. And Greene him
i self was there-the only man of all our troops
a capable I believe, in case of any disaster, to take
the place of Washington; there he sat full of
s deep, religious composure-his broad forehead
a fronting the place of embarkation.
At last, though not till three o'clock in the
morning, we were fairly landed on the Jersey
shore, and by five had taken up ourline of march.
1 Our whole army passed softly and silently
By two or three officers, posted upon the road
- side, continually waving their swords with a mo
tion as if to enjoin the most death-like stillness,
and death-like it was, for nothing could be hear
but the blowing of horses, a jolting sound noT
and then in the wet snow where the artillery
wagons and gun carriages cut through the
s ground-and a general rush, deep, heavy, as
A few moments after, a troop of Virginians
under captain Washington-afterward so dis
tinguished at the south--paraded in beautiful
style through the heavy snow, and brought in
t telligence which tended to accelerate our march.
Before his arrival we had hoped-as I after
wards found-to surprise the enemy at Tren
ton, while yet overpowered by the festivities of
the preceding night-and make his morning
sleep the sleep of death; but now that hope was
I abandoned, for captain Washington had encoun
tered his piquet, exchanged a few shots, and
I left him prepared for what it is remarkable that
he had heard a vague rumor of our intended
3 attack. But this very affair, which at first
threatened to be so disastrous, the frolic of
t captain Washington, was probably the chief
I reason why we succeeded in surprising the en
1 emy at last; for as that was not followed up, he
t retired to quarters, after waiting a reasonable
time, as we afterwards found, thinkingthe whole
1I a Virginia row.
t Our troops were now thrown into two divi
sions. We were separated from our father, who
was detailed under Sulivan and St. Clair to
take the river road; while we under Washing
ton himself, Greene, Morris and Stevens, push
-ed onward through wha is called the Penning
A few moments afterwards, just while I
1 thought that my heart ':ad lost its motion en
tirely, for I felt, in look ng about me, and see
l ing the dark array of substantial but noiseless
creatures, horses and wagons, as if the whole
army were an apparitios, a cavalcade of dead
men, marching from oneburial place to another,
SI heard a shot so near me that my horse leap
ed out of my rank; this was followed by a loud
cry, two or three words, a volley, and then shot
after shot, as if a line of sentinels sleeping upon
their posts, had suddenly started up, one after
the other, fired off their pieces, and run in.
Our advance were wel furnished with bay
onets, and they immediately charged upon the
piquet, and we dashed after them, trampling
them to death with our horses, riding over them
like a whirlwind, without speaking a word or
firing a shot. This was scarcely done, when
we heard the firing of the other division, at the
opposite quarter; so admirably timed had been
the arrangement-and we immediately gallop
ed into the centre of the town, horse and foot,
determinedoto ride the enemy down, or bayo
net them, before they had time to form. Wash
ington wasdreadfullyexposed. The firstpiquet
thinking this a second attack of the same lit
tle skirmishing party that had fired into them
before, neglected to give the alarm, and Mte
outposts, though they fought most gallantly,
retreating step by step, behind the houses, dis
puting every inch, and presenting their bright
bayonets without a flash of powder, cutting and
spurring, force our horses upon them, and then
the moment we had faced about, blazing away
upon us, and running to the next house-were
At last we had an opportunity for fair play;
the Hessians were formed, and forming, with
the whole glittering with bayonets. A tremen
dous struggle was going %n at out right, under
the very eye of Washington, with the enemy's
artillery, which was taken, when, with a troop
of horse, Archibald rode down, his cap off, his
sword flashing like a firebrand, in the light and
smoke of the musketry: "Charge! charge!" he
cried, "'charge, my brave fellows, and provoke
I them to fire." Another troop~nother, and an- t
other! tbundered down, from the right and left,
Sbut with no effect at all upon the invincible Ger- I
mans, the front rank kneeled all around, while
the rest were forming, and presented their bay
onets, without firing a shote *
"By heavens," said Archibald, shouting as
if his heart would break to captain Washington:
"I will try them again!'t and, as he said so, he
rode at full speed, so near that it appeared to I
me that he could have struck the enemy with
his sword, and fired his pistol into their faces.
Our firont rank followed the example, and the
next moment, all the Hessians brought their
pieces up to their cheeks, and poured a tremen
dous volley in upon us. I saw my father fall,
Arthur reel in his stirrups, but Archibald, as if
prepared for this very thing, shouted, "wheel
and charge!" t
"Wheel and charge!" repeated a hundred
voices in our rear, "wheelhnd charge!"
We obeyed and the snow flew; and the swords
flashed; and the next moment, a hundred of the
enemy, the whole of his front rank, were tram
pled to death before us, and twenty human
heads rolled upon the ground, among the feet
of our horses.
The infantry under Greene poured in volley I
after volley, at the same time; and Knox, hav
ing brought round his light field pieces to bear I
as if they had been blunderbusses, played in I
upon them an uninterrupted roll of thunder and
It was impossible to stand it, no human being
could have endured the -hurricane of fire and I
bullets longer. They threw down their arms,
and then it was, then, when it was necessary s
to move aboutthe quieter operations of strife, r
that we began to feel the intense coldness of the
night, the keen air cutting into our new wounds, I
like rough broken glass.
We translate from the Louisiana Courier the
following definition of the word Creole:
"The denomination of Creole is generally
given to persons descendants of Europeans, but
born in this country. It signifies, however, a
white person, and Creole is applied in opposi
tion to the term aboriginal, by which latter is
meant the Indian or the negro born on the soil.
On the first establishment of the colony of Lou.
isiana, the country was solely inhabited by In
dians. Tha colonists introduced slavery. New
immigrants arriving, it became necessary to
distinguish the whites born in the country from
the new comers and aborigines. From this
originated the expression Creole. Of conse
quence, the term Creole never applies to mixed
blood, that is, negro and white blood. It is not
more appropriate to call a quadroon Creole
than one born of an African and Caucassian."
On the 27th ult., the Ohio river had risen
twelve feet at Louisville. Heavy rains appeari
to have follow throughout the west.
SOMETHING INTERESTING TO THE SouTH.-We
have already stated that prince John Van Buren
has declared that he retracts not an iota of the
opinions and arguments he put forth when he
supported his father as the regular freesoil can
didate for the presidency, in 1848. In refer
ring to the matter, in a letter to the New York
Tribune, and offering to loan thatpaper a bound
volume of his speeches and letters, in order for
it to prove, if it could, that he had retracted
any thing he then said, or any argument he
then put forth, he said:
"When you are quite through, and at your
entire leisure, I would thank you to publish any
line I have written, or syllable I have uttered,
retracting the arguments which find this late
favor in your eyes. Respectfully yours,
New York, July 17, 1856. JoHN VAN BUREN."
He, then, supports Mr. Buchanan upon the
Van Buren freesoil platform of 1848, and he
does so because Mr. Buchantn is entirely ac
ceptable to him and his father, is there-can
there beany other inference or conclusion drawn
from the premises by any intelligent, candid
Now, it may be interesting to know exactly
what were the precise opinions and language of
prince John Van Buren at the time referred to,
and to which he still adheres so tenaciously, in
his support of the present democratic nominee
for the presidency. At the state convention of
the freesoil party of New .York, in 1849, he
spoke as follows:
"I will state (he'remarked) fairly, freely and
fully what we expect. We expect to make the
democratic party of this State the great anti
slavery party of this State, and, through it, to
make the democratic party of the United States
the great anti-slavery party of the U. States.
Those who do not contemplate this result, will
do well to get out of th4 way, for there is no
doubt that, when our principles get fairly before
the people, so that they can hear them, and
know what they hare-and we have made ar
rangements for that now-that the whole peo
ple will go with us. And our southern friends,
having had things all their own way, for the last
twenty-five or thirty years, must make up their
minds to let us have our own way for awhile,
we being fair men, and reasonable in our de
A short time afterwards he said:
"I am, however, the unmitigated enemy of
slavery, and would have it abolished without
delay. I say therefore for myself--and I wish
to be understood as speaking for myself alone
that let what will come, I shall under no ne
cessity whatever, support a man who does not
believe slavery to be an unmixed curse, and will
not, by virtue of his office, use all constitutional
power to abolish it. But I ask by what mode
are we to reach the object in view?, The ar,
swer is plain. By going back directly to that
adopted and pursued by the immortal founders
of our government. It is comprised briefly in
this-no more slave States, no more slave ter
ritories; the withdrawal of the, support of the
federal government from slavery, and the abo
lition of it wherever it can be reached by con
And subsequently to this, in the same year,
he used this language:
"I have had occasion to say heretofore that I
would not support any man for the presidency
who does not believe slavery to be an unmiti
gated evil, and who will not use all the power
which the constitution and laws may place in
in his hands for its overthrow. I would give
notice now that the general judgment of the peo
ple of this State is that they cannot and will not
swerve from this position, and as for me, I
shall live and die by it."
In 1850, the next year, in a letter to the
chairman of the freesoil state convention of Con
necticut, he writes:
"There never wss a time when those who
desire to see slavery prohibited in the. territo
ries of the United States, and abolished by the
general government wherever it has the power,
were more urgently called on to speak and act
with energy and decision. The recent mes
sage of the president in favor of the non-inter
vention policy, ought, I think, to satisfy his
supporters in the non-slaveholding States, that
no assistance is to be expected from him in re
sisting the spread of slavery, and that whatev
er their hopes in this respect may have been,
they are destined to disappointment. The course
of general Cass, at the same ttme, while it is in
conformity with his declarations during the late
canvass, leaves us nothing to hope from him or
those who now sustain him. Seeing as we thus
do, an extraordinary conjunction of men deter
mined to arrest the action of the government on
this subject, while slavery steadily advances
upon fireesoil, recent events inticate that neither
of the two old national parties can compel an
adherence by their members to their respctive
".Inaction, by those who have the power to1
determine this question on the side of freedom,
is, in truth, a surrender of our territories to
slavery, and the official power of the govern
ment to its advocates.
"Under such circumstances, a deep respon
sibility devolves upon the opponents of slavery.
They should, first of all, be true to their prin
ciples, their organisation and their candidates.
They should hold their representatives to a strict
responsibility, and dismiss them if they falter
or betray their trusts. They should meet and
expose the systematic efforts making to alarm
the business interests of the country by thryts
of dissolving the Union-threats wlhich the pat
riotism of the nation will rebuke and defy.
They should scout the compromise with slave
ry, which this violence il intended to secure,
and hold up to the just indignation of his con
stituents any representative who directly or in
directly assents to it."
In the following sentence in the same letter,
i he endorses Wilmot, Giddings, and others:
"That faith (the faith of freedom) is now to
be manifested by works, and a great and en
lightened pebple will review the execution. It
is represented at Washington by men. of tran
scendent ability and courage. Allen, King,
Wilmot and Giddings, and several others whom
I might name, from their nerve, intellect, irre
proachable public and private characters are
singularly adapted to the present risk. They
may count on the support of a free and firm
people, and take fresh courage in defending the
precious trust confided to them."
Mr. Giddings, whom he thus commends, is
one of the most rabid abolitionists, as everybody
knows, in the whole north; in fact, there is prob
ably no one, if we except Garrison, who goes
further in his abolition sentiments. Now read
the following sentence in the letter, dated 17th
ult., of the Lancaster (Pa.) correspondent of
the Pennsylvanian, the regular organ of the
Buchanan democracy of that State;
"There is nothing new in .the political at
mosphere. Wheatland was honored last week
by a visit from John Van Buren, of New York,
and Robert Tyler, of your city."
We submit that there is food for reflection
in the foregoing. What does it all mean?
Wheatland, says the letter, was "honored" by
the presence of John Van Buren! It is evi
dent to the most obtuse intellect that Mr. Buch
anan and the Van Burens understand each oth
er perfectly" Now, if he is so entirely accept
able to thex, is be, can be be safely trusted in
the Dxint excited and uncertain state of the
Sc by the south?
Suppose for a moinent Mr. Fillmore should
be hublioly endorsed by W. I. Seward, and ac
tively supported by him for president, and sup
pose he should visit him at his residence, and
be housed in close confab, ebeek by jowl, with
him, what would be said by the presses of all
parties of the south? Let the reader imagine
if he can the howls that would be set up by ev
ery democratic organ south of Mason and Dix
on's line. Are the democratic papers in the
south sincere in their professions of devotion to
its interest and safety, when they can witness
without a word of alarm the coalition between
Mr. Buchanantand two of the most prominent,
wily, talented, and deep scheming abolitionists
which this country contains. We submit it is
time for the south to open its eyes.
MILLARI FILLMORL.-The following eloquent
tribute to Mr. Fillmore, is the conclusion of a
speech made by honorable Jere Clemens, at
Blue Springy, Alabama, on the 27th of July
last. It is not more eloquent than just:
"Look at his record! Look at the manl
There he stands, a light and landmark for fu
ture generations. Commencing his career a
poor boy, friendless, and penniless, he worked
his way up slowly and laboriously to the high
est offices, and the highest honors. His is no
mushroom greatness-no accidental elevation.
Called to the chief magistracy at a time when
the 'wild storm of faction was raging through
the land, he discarded the prejudices of a life
time--forgot party-forgot sections, and gave
himself up wholly to his country. Driving from
him with a lofty scorn the narrow minded coan
sellors who sought to sway his action to their
own selfish ends, he took to his bosom Clay
apd Cass and Webster, and the angel of peace
once more spread its wings over the distracted
land. And when his work was done, without
a murmur, without one repining thought, he
left the splendid mansion of the executive for
the humble home of the citizen. Time rolled
on, and another cloud gathered in the horizon.
Like the old Romans, when a great calamity
had come upon them, the American party turn
ed from the politicians to the walks of private
life for a man fit to be their leader. They found
him, not indeed like Cincinnatus, at the plough
but far away from the din, anrd strife, and trick
ery of parties; adding to the intellectual lore
he had.41leady gathered, and learning in the
shadow ofthrones, to love still more deeper the
free land on which his infancy was rocked.
Asking no questions but whether his country
needed his services, he catne to assume leader
ship which looked gloomy enough at the time,
but thank God! has been brightening every
hour, and now promises to end in a glorious tri
"Not his heart the Phrygian victor bore;
Not his the brand that gleamed on Granic's shore;
Not his the race all conquering Julius ran;
Not his the star that led the Corsican;
His country called Him-called in wild dispair,
The patriot came, and all his soul was there."
From the very first moment he landed on our
shore, his heart has been in his hand. He has
sought no votes by slippery evasions or un
worthy concealments. Firmly as a man, and
honestly as a patriot, he has given utterance to
his sentiments. Seeking no shelter behind the
resolutions of an irresponsible convention, he.
tells you he would despise himself if he could
conceal his opinions. Listen to what he says at
Albany. After denouncing northern agitators'
in terms no other candidate has dared to use,
"I tell you, my friends, that I speak warnuly
on this subject; for I feel that we are in dan
ger. I am determined to make a clean breast t
of it. I will wash my hands of the conse
quences, whatever they may be; and I tell you
that we are treading upon the brink of a vol
cano, that is liable at any moment to burst forth
and overwhelm the nation. I might by soft
words hold out delusive hopes, and thereby
win votes; but I can never consent to be one
thing to the north and another to the south. I
should despise myself if I could be guilty of
such evasion. For my conscience would still
ask with the dramatic poet:
"Is there not some secret curse-
Sonie hidden thunder red with immortal wrath
To blast the wretch who owes his greatness
To his country's ruin?"
In the language of the lamented, immortal
C!ay-"I had rather be right than president."
And this is the man you are asked to aban
don because his enemies say he has no chance
to be elected. If it were true, as it is false, it
would be more than base to desert such a man
in such a crisis. It is the coward's plea at
best. What would you think of the soldier
who on the eve of battle told you that he had
no doubt his own regiment would discharge its
duty manfully and well, but another regiment
on the left would runaway, or be overwhelmed
by the enemy, and therefore he would take
time by the forelock, and runaway first! Yet
the conduct of that soldier would be no more
indefensible than that of the citizen who shrinks
from the manful assertion of his political prin
2iples because he is afraid he may be defeated.
It was not so our fathers answered in the days
,f the old revolution. If they had, the chains
,f British tyranny would even now be rusting
around our limbs. It was not so with the im
mortal Travis answered when urged to abandon
the Alamo. When told that if he remained he
must be cut off, and every man of his little
band sacrificed, he answered, "I know it, but
I want to teach these barbarians what Ameri-i
cans can do." He did give them a lesson which i
more than any other one thing led to the liber
ation of Texas. Let us imitate the example of'
those who have gone before us. Discarding
all weak, unmanly doubts, let each one do his,
luty in his own sphere, with his whole soul,
and I answer for it, a crowning glory a'waits
you in November.
GETTING READY To JUMP.-When a man de
nies the existence of a thing, says the Savan
nah Republican, and the same time goes into
an argument upon its legitimate effects and con
sequences, it is a pretty sure sign that he is about
to abandon the first position. This reflection is
suggested by the recent course of the demo
cratic press upon Mr. Buchanan's letter of ac
ceptance. They deny most stoutly that it con
tains any approach to squatter sovereignty, yet
in about every other paper we take up we find
some attempt at apology for the docttin .
Some of the wisest of them are getting to be of'
the opinion that after all "squatter sovereign
ty" is not half the monster that it has been re
presented (by none more than themselves) to
be. One says it is a "'delusion," another that
it is of "no practical importance whatever,"
while a third maintains thateviren if the presi.
dent held to the doctrine it wdu.d not be in his
power to hurt the country by its "practical en
forcement:" Indeed, from an absolute horror
and detestation, the whole party seem to be get
ting as familiar with the monster as the frogs
were with the log sent them by Jupiter for a
king. We should not be surprised soon to find
them, like the frogs, quietly seated upon it, sing
ing their songs, and swimming most gloriously!
'These facts are "straws," and we beg leave
to call the attentioi of the more innocent artong
our democratic friends, to the direction to which
they are pointing. Whatever they may think
of squatter sovereignty now, they need not be
surprised to find themselves called on, between
this and the election, to countenance, defend,
and embrace it. Stranger things than this
have happened, and the more recent history of
their party shows that swallowing even a camel
heresy is but a circumstance, if by the pill the
Patient is to be restored to health and the spoils.
AsarssIo or KANSAs.-Oie of the most
important measures that has engaged the at
tention of the preselit congressl-as j}ust receiv-'
ed its final actionr. We allude to the bill re
ported by the chairman of the committee on:
territories, to bring KIansas into the anion, with
her free State (Topeka) constitution. The first
movement was the motion of Mr. Stephens, of
Georgia, to seed the bill- back to the comnmit
tee on territorjs., vith itistriutidis to riport in
stead thereof, the substitute *hich he had offer
ed, providing for the appointment at five per
sons by the preside~it, to make an entume'ea
tion of the iahia.itatits of the territory and an"
apportionment of- districts, Wiith the view of
electing a convention for' the fdrFiatioa of a
State constitution, &c. Mr. Dunnr, of ndiana, -
then moved, as an amendment, that the com
mittee be required to report a bill restoring the'
Missouri compromise, This' a~undminet was
adopted by seven- majority.
Of the one huendred and thrie thetil'bers vo
ting against the restoration of the Missouri
compromise, there were twenty frbm northern:
States, The balance were all southerders, and"
there was not one member front a slave State
who did not vote in'the negative. This vote
confirms the position we have a lorng tite as
sumed, that the questien of the Missouri com
promise has resolved itself into a sectional is
sue; and that the south as a unit is unanimous
ly opposed to its restoration. We expect to
bear no more jeremiads in this quarter:iposi
the repeal of the Missouri compromise. They
would be boih out of time an& of place.
Upon the main question, shall the bill pass?
the bill was rejected- by one diajority. One
hundred and six (all northernr meni,) _vting
aye, and one hundred and seven voting nay.
Of those voting in the negative; there were
twenty-one northern votes.
Upon analyzing these severkl votes; we, ar
rive at very significant conclusio t. These
votes pre-figure as much as any thing else,
perhapos more so, the ultimate vote of·the States
on the presidential election, and particularly
so, if the Kansas question, involving the re
storation of the Biissouri compromise; 'it to be
considered as the main or ruling issue.
In tliefirst place, we are gratified to note,
that, although there is an ostensible majority
of some thirty freesoilers in the house of repre
sentatives, they are still unable to command a
majority on their great question of admitting
Kansas as a free State into the Union. This
is a most gratifying sign, and ominous of a
state of things cheering to the heart of the anx
ious Union-loving patriot. In the second place.,
this vote seems to complicate more than ever
the question of the presidency. All democrats
admit that to make sure the election ef Buch
anan, he must get the votes of Pennsylvania,
Illinois and Indiana, and yet here we see that
upon this test question, Pennsylvania throws
15 votes against and 5 votes for the south; Illi
nois 7 votes against and 3 ini favor, and Indiana
4 votes in the affirmative and 2 in the negative.
If these votes are to be taken as any criterion,
(and now-a-days members of congress are apt
to represent the opinions of their constituents)
neither Pennsylvania, Illinois nor Indiana will
cast their votes for Buchanan. [N.O. Bulletin.
IMPORTANT TO FARMERs.-Several barns have
recently been destroyed in this State, a short
time after the harvest was gathered and placed
within doors, resulting in their total destruction.
On Saturday afternoon a barn in Gloucester
county was destroyed with 300 bushels of wheat,
and a crop of oats, and a few days since the
barn of Mr. Van Doren, in Monmouth county,
with a valuable harvest, was burned. The
causes of both of these fires are unknown, but
were supposed to be incendiaries. It is highly
probable, however, that the fire was not caused
by human agency, and a little scientific knowl
edge would throw light on this point. These
fires generally occur at harvest time, and the
cause is attributed to the harvest being hurried
in too quickly-the process of curing is too of
ten imperfectly performed.
A cotemporary says: "Take, if you will, a
few armsful of clover, just cut, and carefully
throw it into a heap; in a few hours, thrust in
your hand, and you will jerk it out as if scald
ed. Indeed, this heat of fermentation is often'
intense, and, without doubt, many a time it may
be found in stacks of new hay-or even of grain.
Thus it is that spontaneous combustion ensues
and bursts into sudden flames, and, this, let it
be remembered, so frequently in the harvest
season, resulting from the fact that the hay or
grain was but imperfectly cured. It is worthy
of remark that when the half-cured hay escapes
this combustion, it is apt to become soured from
this fermentive process." Farmers should be
careful that their harvest is well done, and not
too hastily, or else they may lose it all.
AN ARISTOCRATIC DasRINK.-Among commer
cial men, and particularly dealers in the arti
cle, the high price of whiskey is quite a feature,
the course it has taken in this respect for the last
three months being remarkable, and wholly un
expected. Contra*c could have been readily
made with western distillers early in the spring
to deliver any quantity of the article in July at
the rate of eighteen or twenty cents per gallon.
But notwithstanding largely increased receipts,
the demand has kept even pace with the supply,
and the price at Cincinnati, the great depot of
the article, has gone up 324 cents.
The consumption abroad has largely increas
ed, and so also the use of the article at home,
for as the number of whiskey drinkers has by no
means diminished, we learn thatit has been con
verted very generally, and successfully too, into
imitations of cognac, Alex. Seignette, and other
celebrated -French brandies; also Holland gin,
as well as into a component part of champagne,
sherry, port, madeira, and other foreign wines,
to supply the wants of the aristocratic drinker,
who would not be seen, and who consider them
selves far above so degrading an act as taking
a dram of pure original "red-eye."
The democratic leaders affect to be distress
ed at the very thought of the presidential elec
tion going to the house of representatives. We
cannot see why they should be so troubled at
the idea of such a contingency. Their man
Buchanan would be at home in the manage
ment of a house election. We all know how
actively and prominently he figured in that of
1825. He tried his hand at bargain and cor
ruption then in behalf of a political friend di
rectly and himself indirectly, and although he
failed most miserably, perhaps he might suc
ceed better when working for himself. At all
events, if anything could be made by bargain
and corruption, he would be sure to make it.
He is an Qldsharper. The freesoilers have on
ly thirteedtiStates, while it will require sixteen to
elect a president, and Fremont cannot get the
three States needed without democratic repre
sentatives in congress bolt and vote for him.
A politician, who has no resources of his
own, always connects himself with some great
temporary excitement; just as a hungry shark
rushes along in the wake of a ship, to pick up
the damaged provisions, amputated limbs, and
even old shoes, thatmay be thrown overboard.'
This is strikingly illustrated by their change of
position in the present attitude of parties. Who
has deserted the American party that did not
fail to get a nomination which he desired; or
who did not see that he had no chance "to pick
up the damaged provisions thrown overboard?"
Will any one tell as? [Creole,