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S'FORHVER FLOAT TiAT STANDARD SHEET."
BY L. DllE 1D & Co. Omee...Corner of Testas and Edwards streets, OPPOSITE HITCHCOC'S L VERY STABLE. S IRE l P FORT: WEDNESDAY, ................... MAY 13, 1857. Thle river at this point 1ias risen thirty inches in all, and is still rising dlowly. At Fulton it has risen seventeen felt. Since our last the steamers St. Charles, I.ational, Col. Edwards, Jos. Holden, Swan, Hope MAton Jr., and Plan ter have arrived from t)Ie city, and the Effort from Jefferson. The St. Charles, National, Col. Edwards, Jos. Hohlen, Swan and Afton Jr, have left for the city, the Hope for Alexandria, the Effort for Jefferson,' ard the Alida for Ful ton. We learn from the Ouaehita Register of the 7th inst., that the Ouaclita river had risen fif teen feet at Monroe, and, was rising rapidly. Above Camden it was over the banks. Our town readers will bear in mind that an election for mayor will cople off on Saturday next, at the mayor's offide. We would respectfully suggest to the Ameri can party in Caddo, the propriety of calling a public meeting for the purpose of attending the State convention to be held at Baton Rouge on the 2nd Monday in 1tune. Let good and staunch men-such as are well known to the, party, be appointed, so that they may have an influence in the convention. We are indebted to the, cfficers of the St. Charles, National, Col. Edwards, Jos. Holden, Swan, Afton Jr., and Planter for late New Orleans papers. A aERCrAN PARTr.--By ille proceedings pub lished in another column, it will be seen that t our Ouachita friends harp commenced work ing in good earnest. Then held a public meet- t ing at Monroe, on the 2d of May-organised; I passed several resolutions;` and appointed de-' legates to attend the convention of the Ameri can party to be held at Baton Rouge on the t 2nd Monday in June. Tley also appointed c delegates to attend the convention to be held 2 at Alexandria, to nominate a candidate for con- ti gress in the 4th congressioral district. s< We are indebted to our friend Col. W. C. U Beck for late Austin papers.i b, MAN DROWNED.-The body of a white man was found floating in the river, at this place on Sunday last. We understarnd that he was a deck hand on the Jos. Holden, but whether his m death was accidental or not, ,we are unable to ar say. of to We have been informed by a young friend of de ours, just returned from a trip in Texas, that til while returning, he heard rumors to the effect, er that the small-pox was raging in this place.- to Such reports are without the lesst foundation. ds To our certain knowledge there ;a'; not been ha a single case of small-pox in ;Sirereport this season, and the nondescript who first propiga- be ted this rumor, is guilty of a gross falsehood. , The last few days of pleasant weather have wl had a bene-ficial effect on the growiog crop.- no Vegetation at the present time l,,oks much more ca promising than it did ten days ago, and we tl doubt not, if tl:e Lalance of the season be fa- Cou vorable, a very fair crop wiill bemade. s Duting thle past week two more boats par- F tially freighted with railroad iron, for the Pa cific railroad, have arrived. f IMPROVEMLNTS IN NATCITocIri s.-- -e are !tuly gratified to learn by the las: Clrn;icle, thatl this ancient town, has "all of Ia ,udden, be:en seized with a spirit of impnyov,:,ent, and is now wearing a most lively Ajnb bus robe. Tlie mechanic', of all branches, arcs ver. full of work; and, with the repairs of hloLses adready built and the erection of new buillings, anci cut Natchitoches is becoming d;ecidedly rrju verrated. \Vhen the old garme.nts are mend ed, and the new suits which are making, Natch itoches will be dressed finely ehougl:. Not withstanding ti.e imIprovements which are go ing on, the supply of houses, both.as re-idences and stores, is not equal to the dema:d; but we hope that the good start which has beer, made will cause others to enter upon gh1: 0oodl work of improvement, and aid in the advancement of the town. Its prosperity and stelfare should be an object of interest to all its citizens, and those who are able, should, we think, contri bute to its improvement. Notlhing tends so much to attract settlers, to draw ibuiness, and to excite interest abroad, as earnest efforts by those at home. Amo soR NICARAOUA.-A call,'numerously signed, appears in the columns of t)hc Memphis Enquirer, requesting the citizens nif Memphis and surrounding country, to assemble in mass meeting in that city, on the 2d disy of May, for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety of raising material aid foil tle Amer icans in Nicaragua. The American ticket at Hagerstowa, (Md.) at the recent municipal election, triumphed by a majority of 78-an increased majority since their previous election. According to the official returns masde to con gress, the sales of public lands last year amount ed to 17,600,000 acres, nearly foul times the area of Massachusetts. Congress give tit the States in the same time 21,700,000 awres,whichl will in a few months be squandered awily by the States, making a total of sales rnsd grants of 39,300,000 acres, equal in extent t t the State of Virginia. It is estimated that faiming and industrial productions amounted last 'ear wo at least $2,600,000,000. The secreta y of the treasury estimates the property in thIe United States, taxed and untaxed, exclusite of the public domain, at $11,317,000,000. ! DEPLORABLE ACCIDENT.--'Ie las1 lIonm;a Ceres, says, on the morning of the ý3d inst. the dwelling and all the out-buildings belong ing to Mr. Lovinsqui Bonvillain, of this parish, were entirely destroyed by fire; andjhorrible to .rlate, his oldest child per i-lhed in th(i flamis. It is truly cheering to see that preparations are making throughout the Union, for entering upon the political campaign with firmness. The only conservative element now known to Amer ican politics, is that which runs through the platform and policy of the American party. The present democratic party cannot exist. Its own managers will break it to pieces. The peo pie will not remain blind to its failure to ac complish what its friends claimed for it during the the past campaign. They see its fruit with ered upon the tree. They see that peace has been proclaimed when there is no peace. They see that the election of Mr. Buchanan did not amount to even a truce. They see Kansas given up by the southern democracy. They see that squatter sovereignty-that panacea for the ills that afflict the south-has given the north four additional senators. Thus they see the 7. power of the south is weakened. They see, es whithersoever they turn their eyes, either a it a dreary waste of corruption, or a passionate e conflict of hostile sectionalists. They see no s, hope of reconciliation without the intervention a- of a third party. They see that the feud is too rt deep, the hate too intense, the conflict-far too 1, deadly for the Union to survive itmuchlonger. r, The people must look otherwise. Th' Ameri , :ican party, slaughtered, to all human appear I- ance, is not dead, as may be seen from, its re cent movements in different quarters. It will e gather up its energies, we trust, in time to con f front the dangers tl,at beset the Union. It is Sthe true party, and will be, in 1860, asit isni now, the onl'y national party. It will have a national candidate in the field for president. The n other parties will have their sectional candi dates, around ihomr respectively the hostile ex- i tremes will rally. The American party offers peace, not war,'to the people. It offers them It a no alien influence in the administration of the government of our beloved country. It otffers t e them the proprietorship of their own domains. r as an inheritance for their children forever. It t offers them the best constitution the world ever e Isaw, rescued, saved and redeemed from the t hands of outrageous factions. It offers them a t liberal share of its provisions, so that the rnunifi cent resources of their country may be develop- t ed. In a word, it offers America as it should be to a `Americans, the children of the children of the F men who won the battles of the revolution and I erected ourgreat republic. It has no partisans " to reward, no enemies to punish. It is tile t only party that can make peace, heal dissen- a tions and adminis:er the government with clewn s hands and upon national principles. All oth- h ers will fail. I The first election that is calculated to test 1 the strength of parties, will be for members of t( congress in Virginia, which comes off on the t; 25th instant. Next will follow the State elec- a tions in Arkansas, Alabama, Texas, Tennes- b' see, and Kentucky; which will take place in the n month of August. In Pennsylvania, N. York, sE Ohio, etc., the elections take place in Septem- in ber, October and November. Prepare your- fa selves to hear the loud peals of thunder. w For sometime past tlhere has existed in the ca minds of many respectable people considerable anxiety in regard to the'predicted appearance, ' of the comet of'1857, and its determination to pitch plump into this wicked word of ours, destroying alike both saints and sinners. Un-,m til very recently tile appearance of one of these w' eratic bodies has been a source of great terror w to people of most all classes; and even in these days of science, tl.e ignorant and thoughltless have no better opinion of their cometsi,ips. p1 Of tile nature and composition of these bodies but little or nothing is known. Some of t.e astronomers contend that they are solid bodies, while oti;ers are of the opinion that they are th nothing but celes:i hiumbugs. . 3E. abinet calls them "'visibL;e no:lings." Herscel.el says of the entire we.ight f o one's tail is but a fe t ounces. Ir, F'aye goes still furt;her when le al sacs that a comet's t.ail is not so solid as the c spe-ech of a politici:n-that it has not the solidi ty of gas, and that the merest cobweb would ,ffer more resistance. 3Mrs. Somerville says fu iLat tlhe con.et of 1770 passed (vwitlin eighlty cse thousand rrmies of t'e earth without aff-c:ting ati, thle tides, swept t'roug-i Jupiter's satellites be without deranging tle motion of these little ho moons. P'remising the abore to be true, it is in, very evident t.a thle expected comet, though i: it s!hould prove to be an i;!-Lbred body by fri-king ha its tail at us, wiil have no vry serious effect. as r\ .I • . .. On tl;e other hand, should it prove to be a solid body, the ci..rces of a coilision are almost beyond conjecintum. In 1 :32 the people of France became so much terrified at the expec ted appearance of ltieia's comet tlat the board of longitude felt it tLeir duty to publish a work for the purp,; e of removing this useless terror. That work was by 'rancois Arago,. one of the highest authorities that ever spoke on astromomy. He admits the possibility of a comet coming iu contact with the earth, but that the chances are so very small that there is no cause whatever for alarm. In his calcu lation of possibilities there is but one chance of a collision out of 281,000,000 against it. In other words, if you were to put 281,000,000 black balls into a box with a solitary white one, and then shake them up well, the chances of a collision would be equal to the chance ofdraw ing the white ball at first trial. Yet in the face of all this, let us suppose the comet which can now be seen through a teles cope, is a solid body, and should come tilt in to us, what would be the consequence? AI. Arago says that if such an event were to take place, and the comet of sufficient mass to stop the earth's motion instantly, all things on the surface, not implanted in the soil, would fly off to the opposite point of the concussion at a ve locity of twenty-five miles per second. That would certainly be an end to all things terres tial. But we hope for better behaivour than this from our celestial visitor, who has, in his visits heretofore, conducted himself like a well body, and have no idea that he has any inten tion of troubling us to any greater extent than putting on a few airs just to gratify family pride. YIvra, oa TIlE SECRET OF PowER.-We have received from the publisher, T.B. Peterson, an advance copy of the above new work, by Mrs. Southworth. Our readers are well aware that Mrs. Southworth has the reputation of being the best female writer in America, and in the work before us she has not detracted from that merit. The characters stand out in bold relief -vivid and truthful to life, and we do not re member the time when we have perused a work of fiction with more interest and satisfaction. The above work can be had by remitting one dollar and a qtuarter to the publisher at Phila delphi;. ns In reading the lives of celebrated writers we ag are often struck by one strange coincidence in Iey the cireer of almost every one of them, and that *r- is, the unaccountable apathy with which their he earlier efforts have had to contend. So decided - has this insensibility been in the case of many, ts that productions, which in the author's "noon o- of fame," have been pronounced capable in c- themselvesofconferring immortality, have lain .g for 'ears neglected or unread, and unthought I.- of; being even by the bookseller deemed scarce as ly worthy Io meet the public eye. The vol vy umes lay on the shjlf unnoticed by, and un ot' known to, the reading world to the chagrin of as the mini which created them, until the scales e which appear previously to have veiled the eyes he of the world suddenly fell away, and men, as th with one voice, hailed that as worthy of univer e sal homage, which, till a certain period, they e, had deemed scarcely worthy of simple respect. a Such has been the case in the career of almost te every writer of celebrity, while on the contra to ry, those aspirants who have had nothing of n the stamina of distinction about them-for to whom neither fate nor fame had provided a single niche to bear their name to future gene r. rations-seem in all cases not to have had a single difficulty to contend with, but to have found themselves at once placed on the stage for which true genius had to sigh and toil i' through years of suffering. The truth of this - observation will be best tested by observing the s facility with which the rabble of novelists start i into existence, but to flutter f#. a fleeting mo a ment and be forgotten forever. No impedi e ment appears to check their ambition-the path smiles flowery and open before them-they find themselves at once presented to the world; s but it would appear for no other purpose is the Sopportunity afforded, than that they may the sooner run their race, and be swallowed up in i the bosom of eternal silence. But to genius none of these facilities are awarded. Its pro ibationary career is like that of the 'worn trav eler toiling up some rocky height, where the torrent, the crag iid the precipice incessantly, but vainly, oppose his progress. At every step in the ascent to public favor some new difficul ..ty is sure to arise to bar it from the summit of ambition-some horrid spectre to scare it from pioceeding further in the pursuit. But the im pediment arisesin vain-tlephantom flits away unrecked; nor does it turn from its undertaking till it reaches the portals of the gilded temple, and, as it were, like the knight of old, winds its silver bugle, and demands admittat" e. Per haps there is 'some wise desigg" in all this. It does appear probable that the excitement which such difficulties naturally beget in a high toned imagination, must produce a sort of men tal fermentation in which new powers are cre ated, new resources developed,so that the mind becomes by the process to which it is subjected more capable of achieving its destiny, and of I seizing upon the crown of immortality which C incessantly allures it. Be this as it may, the t fact is as we have stated. If we recollect aright z we have seen it said somewhere by a classic a writer that, "nothing less than genius itself, is t, capable of distinguishing genius while strug gling through its probation, and before it has P received the stamp of public opinion," and the remark has often struck us as being in some tl measure correct. Nevertheless, there is a sim- n ple criterion for measuring a writer's abilities, which will be seldom found to fail, and by , which tle humblest in intellect can form a t iudgment-it is, .imply to weigh the produc- s tion by the impression it makes. *It will be P found in all cases, at least we have found it so, while the observations of the ungifted pass s away from the mind like the breath from a 3 highly polished mirror, that on the other hand a tle inspirations of genius burn a trace in the memory whichl is not to be effaced by the hand rr of timne--which equally defies the effects of tl Flace and circumstances, and appears as firesh jC after the lapse of years asat the moment of re- i eeiving the impression. Had some such crite-iS rion as this been generally made use of d "Full rsanv a genr of purest ray secrene," h, full many a brighlt and gifted spirit that at pre- te sent shines through the vista of years, associ- at ated but with toil and suffering, would have s; been spared the keenest of its pangs; while, et however, we cannot but feel that the redeem- ri ing test might also have deprived the world of hI many of those corruscatingr emanations which w have stamped the names that gave them birth, b as worthy to be written in letters of gold on b the rock of ages. i ;hle Richmond W hig thus closes a powerful appeal to the people of Virginia in favor of the general government giving lhat noble old mar tyr to democratic misrule her share of the pub lic lands, and hints at the probability of repu diation by the overtaxed people: "In the meantime, we again invoke the friends of the land distribution to announce their can Jidates, and then apply themselves vigorously and enthusiastically to the great and essential work of securing their election. Let despatch and zeal be their watchwords now--for double taxes are preying upon the vitals of the people, the horrid front of repudiation is beginning to rear its head, and the public lands are disap pearing with melancholy rapidity. Now's the day and now's the hour for the triumphant re demption of our noble old commonwealth!" It will take but a few more years of demo cratic rule to reduce Louisiana to the now al most helpless and bankrupt condition of Vir ginia. Our citizens are already weighed down with taxes, which go to fatten hordes of unne cessary office-holders and superfluous officials; yet the last legislature was compelled to pass an act authorising the executive to borrow the sum of seven hundred thousand dollars! The citizens of St. Louis are debating the question of direct communication by waterbe tween that city and Mobile: At the chamber of commerce, recently, the hon. Edward Bates addressed the members on the subject of opening a route for the trans portation of freight direct to Mobile; without the necessity of forwarding it by a more cir cuitous route, via New Orleans, as is done at present. The plan, as proposed by the speak er, is to open bayou Manchac, an old outlet of the Mississippi river, which was closed, parthil ly, during the war of 1812, for purposes of defence, by general Jackson. It has since be come more completely obstructed by natural causes, but may, it is urged, be restored as a navigable thoroughfare at no very great cost, and thus afford a water route from a point be low Baton Rouge, throtigh lake Pontchartrain, tothe gulf shore, in the immediate vicinity of Mobile. Freight may thus be shipped fronmSt. Louis entirely through to that city,: without breaking bulk, and at a charge of ten per cent. less than is now incurred in shipping by the customary route, by way of New Orleans. Messrs. 1. S. Smythe, S. Cranwill and Nai than Ranney, were appointed a committee to consider the practicability of the project and its valuation to the commerce of St. Louis, and report upon thle same. 0-···--- ·· · we T'itE P'ICTURE.-General Jackson rode into in political power on the strength of the talismanic rat cry of "economy, retrenchment and reform," eir and from that day to the present, democracy ed has bawled itself hoarse in favor of"cconomy!" y, The hypocrisy of the party is well set forth in on the following extract from a speech made by in the hon. M. R. H1. Garnett, a democratic repre in sentatives to congress from Virginia. Mr. Gar lht nett said: e- "I1 need not go back to Mr. Van Buren's pres ol- idency, when the whole country was convulsed with indignation at an expenditure of twenty n- five to thirty millions of dollars per annum. of Nor will I return to 1842, when Mr. Clay es les timated that the government could be fairlyiv ad es ministered for $26,000,000; while Mr. Calhoun as put it down to $16,000,000! Nor will I dwell os n 1845-46. the first year of Mr. Polk's admin istration, when the expenditure, exclusive of y' payments on account of the public debt and t. Mexican hostilities, were only s22,864,296.-: ist But, sir, I will take a year since the Mexican a_ war-since the empire of the Pacific was added to our dominions, and within thepresent (Frank of Pierce's) administration, and I Lind that in the or fiscal year 1853-54 the entire expenditures, ex a elusive of public debt and the instalment due to e- to Mexico, were $44,018,249; while last year a they have suddenly swelled up to fifty-seven millions one hundred and seventy-two thousand 'e four hundred and one dollars; being 81,243,306 Ce more than ther were in the height of the Mex il ican war, when our forces rested on either is ocean, and our flag not only protected our own t domain but waved in triumph in every province t of Mexico." Th. IThe honorable gentleman might have added that no small portion of the increased expen h ditures, was owing to the increase of the sala ries allowed to American ministers and charges " abroad, and the multitude of petty officials who are fed from the public treasury. Such is the S:kind of "economy" the democracy practice. n MtURDER WILL OUT.-In 1832 Dr. H. Per kins purchased eleven negroes in the parish of s West Feliciana, of a man who had been living with him for one year or more. The man was a widower with an only child, a daughter. e He requested Dr. P. to allow his little daugh ter to remain at his house for a few weeks until lhe could procure a house for her, which was Sgranted. In a few days the man and ne groes mysteriously disappeared, and no trace f of their whereabouts could be had. Every effort n to find a clue to his track was unavailing. The - little girl remained for three or four years, was then sent to school, got rMrried, and has not been heard from since. The day before yes terdav Dr. P. received a letter from a gentle nman in Jackson, Miss., telling him where his s long lost negroes were. It appears that two brothers wete interested in the affair, anti re cently have had some misunderstanding, by which means disclosures have been made and t long neglected justice will obtain her rights. 1 The man and negroes are in one of the back - counties of Mississippi, and Dr. P. leaves on the I'rincess this morning to pay his long de I sired visit to them. [Baton Rouge Gazette. I STILL A\OTiER \ ICTI1I.--\e copy the fol f lowing paragraph from the Newark Advertiser ] of the 16th ult. "Some weeks since an article was published stating that a lady and daughter, the family of one of our most respectable citi zens, were seriously ill from disease contracted at the National HIotel at Washington, previous to the presidential inauguration. A letter from the proprietors of the hotel was subsequently publi hed, which stated that the sickness was ceaused by miasma from the sewers. We re gret to announce that Mrs. Robert Johnston, the lady referred to, died yesterday from the mysterious poison. She was just five weeks confined to her bed, during which the constant efforts of medical skill were baffled. They were only three days at the National, and while there were sick for some hours, and also had a sick night in Baltimore. Nothing serious ap peared afterwards in Mrs. Johnston's case, un- 1 til after nursing her daughter, who was sick some two weeks, when she was taken down. t Miss Johnston is now in a fair way of recovery. I Mr. Johnston himself was sick, butis now well as possible under the circumstances." Gaoss OCTRAGE.-On Sunday night, two members of the legislature, one representing the city of New York and the othcr a north: ern county, both stopping at Congress Hall, en ticed a colored bov, named Levi Johnson, who is employed as a hall boy, to enter their room. "Just for fun," they wished to make the boy drunk. He refused to drink. They insisted that he should. HIe still refused, whlereupon they took him by the neck, threw him on the floor, and forced the liquor down his throat. Not satisfied with this, they shaved about six inches of hair off his head. lie looked, after the ope ration like the picture of the Evil One, as rep resenting his Satanic Majesty. This may have been fun for them for the moment, but it was not so to Johnson, for he on Monday come before Justice Cole and obtained a warrant. It was placed in the hands of officer Teelin, but before the precept was served, through the intervention of friends, the matter was adjust ed by each paying Johnson 85. He is guilty of a great wrong in compromising the matter, and not allowing the perpetrators of this gross wrong to be brought to justice. [Albany Jour. TERRIBLE DEATHII FROM HADLING IHIDES. A singular death occurred in Albany on Tues day week. Mr. P. Rogan had been*handliug hides, and it is supposed that while so 6ccupied he rubbed with his hands a small pimplk on his face, in such a manner as to get the poison into circulation, for the pimple commenced swelling very rapidly. It soon extended to his. whole head, and then descended to his body, as far clown as the waist. At the time of his death his head was as large as a half bushel, while his features were so distorted that his most inti mate friends could not recognise him. The Ideath of Mr. Rogan has led to two opinions one is that he died from the effects of poison; while the other is that the matter introduced into the pimple led to erysipelas, and that to death. A SAD AFFAIR.-The Evansville (Indiana) Journal says, a gentleman and lady arrived at the Pavilion hotel, on Thursday evening, -vith the corpse of a young man who had died that day on board the steamer Empress. The de-: ceased was betrothed to the lady, and with her and his friend, were going south on the Em pre s. On Thursday morning, while the de Sceased was sitting with the lady on deck, ap !parently in good health, his head sank upon his bosom, and when the lady turned to ad dress him lie was dead. The party left the boat at HIenderson, and were bearing the young man's remains to his home in Maryland. The lady's grief was heart-rending to witness-.-her, bright anticipations for the future all brushed away by the strong arm of death. Verily, we i know not what a day may bring forth. - NEVER PROCaASTrINATE.- -It is stated that Mr. I Andrew IHoover, who dlied so suddenly on I NTuesday, left his home in the morning in fine'1 health and spirits, casually remarking to his family that on that day his policy of life insur ance would expire. His son in the course of! the morning, took the policy and had it renew ed. In a short time, on that very last day, the father was speechless, and has departed. Iis remark and prompt attention has saved a worthy family $5000. [Washington Union. t A su"csr MANh -One of our exchanges an nounces that a Mr. White, living in Venice, jPennsylvania, was recently murdered in his! own bed by some one who wished to get hisi money. The editor adds that "luckily Mr. W. had deposited his money in bank the day be fore." Mr. White lost nothing but his life. to American Meot hd ag. At a meeting of the American party, el.i at ic Monroe, La., on the 2d of May, 1857, a. L. SSlack, esq.. was called to presidc, and C. C. cy Henderson, appointed secretary. The object of the meeting was explained, in and the chairman appointed Messrs. Chas. Dc lIenv, J. T. Ludeling, and A. H. Harris, to )y draft resolutions, who reported the following, e- which were unanimously adopted : r- Resolved, That the American party of the parish of Ouachita, though defeated, is not conquered--knowing that its principles are edright, will stand by them for ever. Resolved, That in Col. W. H. Sparks, we recognise a true American, whose devotion to the institutions of his country, justifies us in Sselecting him as a candidate to represent the d Fourth Congressional District of this State. Resolved, That we disapprove, unqualified ly, of the course pursued by the anti-Ameri of can or pseudo-democratic party of this State, id in usurping the power confided to the people, of electing their own officers, and in placing it in the hands of their own party, for party pur k Resolved, That a meeting of the American ie party be called on the first Monday in Septem (. ber next, to convene at Monroe, La., to nomi to nate candidates for parish offices, and that each tr ward be requested to send delegates to the sn ame. d Resolved, That the members of the Ameri e can party, through this senatorial district, be . requested to meet on the first Saturday after r the 4th of July next, and that Monroe, La., be n suggested as the place, for the purpose of nom e inating a candidate to represent this district in the State senate. i On motion of C. C. Henderson it was Resolved, That the election law for New Orleans, passed at the last session of the legis - lature of the State of Louisiana, is an outrage rs on freemen:-That we sympathise with our fel o low-citizens of New Orleans, and will assist them in shaking off the yoke of legislative tyr e anny:-That we will oppose tyrannical meas ures with the means appointed by law:-That we call on the citizens of Louisiana to aid us, f and form themselves beside us, in our efforts to resist and overcome the oppressive acts of that body, which, according to the organization of our government, should be foremost in the defence of the people's rights. 1 The following gentlemen were appointed delegates to the convention of the American _ party to be held at Baton Rouge on the 2d Monday of June next; VW. 11. Coats, W. H. Sparks, J. T. Ludeling, Wm. Marbury, Jr., C. C. Henderson, H. H. Slaughter, Chas. Delery, W. S. Grayson, Jas. t H. Willing, D. Faulk, H. Bartlett, E. H. Vick ers, R. Ray. The following delegates were appointed to attend the next congressional convention at Al exandria : D. C. Smith, W. H. Sparks, E. Cowan, J. T. Mason, John Ray, A. H. Harris, J. S. Ray, W. F. Goodrich, J. T. Ludeling, C. C. Hen derson. The delegates appointed to the senatorial con vention are W. H. Coats, W. J. Q. Baker, J. C. Faulk, H. Sims, J. A. Flournoy. On motion the' chairman was added to each list of delegates. Resolved, That these proceedings be pub lished in the Morehouse Advocate, South : estern, and all other papers friendly to the American party. S. L. SLACK, Pres't. - C. C. HENDERSON, Sec'ry. [For the South Western. Ma. EDITOR-What are the Americans of Louisiana doing? I take several papers but I do not see or hear of any arrangements being made for the coming contest. Our national council is to meet soon in Kentncky, and there is no one that I know of even hinted at as suitable to represent our party from this State. Also our State convention is to be held soon, and who is going to it from North Louisiana? If "eternal vigilence is the price of liberty," an.d if the American party wish to succeed in the destruction of the abolition-Sag Nichts and sham democratic principles it is high time to; be up and doing. It is a well known fact that nine-tenths of; the world think that it is the thunder kills and not the lightning, and he who commences first and makes a big noise-of which our enemies are perfectly capable-is likely to have many votaries and adherents in the day of trial. There are men in the American party lwho are able and willing to do much for the cause in North Louisiana, while there are others, though capable, are not willing to embark fully in the cause, for the simple reason, as I sup pose-and I do not believe that any other rea son can be assigned-that they hope some dayv to be nominated to office, and then it can- i not be said of them that they were ultra in their views. Such men as these are not fit to bei called Americans. Principles that are not worth advocating or, defending at all suitable times, should be ] abandoned or thrown down like hot iron. There is an upright tnanliness with which I honest principles may always be defended, that t is not so much characteristic of office hunting, as of a determination todefend the truth. Let I the American that is worthy of thatname, thus i go to work, and then we will know where to find him-we will know whether he is for us or against us. KEACHIE. 2 GENERAL JACKSON's GOLD Box.-Mr. Valen tine, clerk of the common council who addressed a letter some three weeks ago to Andrew Jack son, jr., of Tennessee, inquiring if the gold box bequeathed by general Jackson to the bravest soldier in the Mexican war from this city, was in the possession of that gentleman, has yet received no answer. The New York volunteers have not yet chosen one of their members at the suggestion of the aldermen, to be recipient of the box, and probably will not, until it can be definitely ascertained whether the box is to be had. Something may be done about the matter at the next annual election for officers of the volunteers, which takes place within a few weeks. It is said that a paper is in circulation among the friends of general Burdett, who led the New York city regiment in Mexico, naming him as a suitable party to re ceive the box as a representative of the corps. [N. Y. Journal of Cornmmerce. LIVE OAK IN VIRGINIA.-The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore American, says, the heavy forests of Virginia are beginning to attract the attention of ship-builders, not only in our own country buteven inEurope. Large amounts of white oak are yearly transported to New York, Boston, and even to Maine, from the Potomac, York and James river, for our mercantile marine. Benjamin Thorningham, esq., a native of .England, has recently pur chased a heavily timbered tract of land in Fair fax county, near the village of Dranesville, and has erected two saw mills, one with circu larsaws and the other with a gang of twenty-! seven perpendicular saws. The same gentle man is about establishing a similar mill at the Point of Rocks, where he has secured some of the finest trees said to exist in that region. The products of his several establishments will be shipped to England. George Page, esq., well known as a man of indomitable energy and en terprise, is about to establish a mill, very near Dranesville, to procure ship timber for the N. York market, and it is rumored that others will locate themselves in the same countydur ing the coming season. A FREAK OF NATUE.-We saw at the livery stable of Mr. L. French, a day or two since, a colt having only three legs-his form is per feet, with the exception of his left fore leg, which is missing. Where the leg should have been, there is a small piece of skin about one inch in length. The colt is only about three weeks old, and is said to run with remarkable rapidity, and sold a day or two since for $600. [!Grfnadr (M.aI.) Republican. SThe Richmond Enquirer contains an edito ,ial article headed "Virginia and the South i!l peace prepare for war,", from which we make the following extracts: i t is a notorious fact, that the best cannon, fir field as well as naval use furnished to (tie government, are from the founderies of , Vigi,.ia, and that of late the federal govern i nents orders to the Tredegar works of Rich n;and for cannon are larger than the establish e mnent can supply. It is a well known fact to et eery member of congress, but Burlingame, e tlhat a larger number of the recently ordered naval steamers have been contracted for in V' rginia, to be built in Virginia ship yards and Sshlops, than in any other single State in the a iUnion-not excepting New York, Pennsylva e niat or Massachusetts. Besides these private armories, cannon foundries, and ship-yards of States, our tract of Blue Ridge country abounds in the best lead, the mines of which are fur niched with shot towers and moulds in full com t plotement, while the country is dotted over at - convenient intervals with powder mills that manufacture that superior quality which only out western riflemen and sharp shooters deign - to use. - The black republicans are as little aware of 1 the superiority of the south over the north in e their military resources and establishments as in other respects to which we have adverted. - Take Virginia alone, for instance. Do they e know that she has an arsenal and armory of r her own-established in the good old State s sovereignty era of 1798 and 1799, from which - she can equip 130,000 troops at ten days no t tice? Do they know that she has the nucleus of a standing army at her capital, consisting of a standing public guard of a hundred men r in regular pay by the State-and a volunteer - force in Richmond larger in proportion to po ' pulation than any city in the Union-besides - two large companies of young guards of the age and spirit of those "conscripts" of France, - with which Napoleon won his best laurels? Dci they know that Virginia has had a mili t tary ;institute in operation at State expense for 18 years, whereat 130 cadets have been in structed in the practical sciences, pyrotech f nics and military tactics, every year, from which 400 of the flower of Virginia youth have been graduated, and the most of whom receive their education at State expense upon the con ditionw of teaching within the commonwealth, for two years after graduation? The fruit of this system is visible in sub-military schools in every quarter of the State, under the instruc tion of these Lexington graduates, with an ag Sgregate of pupils daily instructed in military drill, of at least 500. We made no allusion to the volunteer infantry, cavalry, and artillery regiments of the State, superior in number and military drill, we dare say, to the volunteer corps of any State in the confederacy. Besides this personel and materiel of war, the State possesses between 100 and 150 field' pieces of cannon, exclusive of her quota from the federal government, 100 at least of which are six pounders, in careful preservation in her armory at Richmond, and ready for use at any moment. Add to this abundant provision of war muniments, the fruits of a certain seizure of Fortress Monroe, with its well stored arse nals, as well as the federal armory at Harper's ferry, on the first occurrence of hostilities with the norlth; and her military preparations would be very far from contemptible. The skill of: her people with the rifle and in horsemanship is proverbial; and we speak the words of calm reflection when we say, in no spirit of boast fulness, that if the north should undertake to invade the south, for throwing open her ports to free trade with foreign nations, and refusing. to allow federal duties to be collected in her waters, Virginia could alone drive back their forces. To make the system of preparation entirely complete, governor Wise has very properly and patriotically ordered the whole militia estab lishment of Virginia to be thoroughly organis ed-a militia such as that which defeated Fer guson at King's mountain, which drove Corn wallis back discomfitted from the Dan river and Guilford, which carried an aggressive war a thousand miles into Canada, under Scott, in ( 1812, an offshoot of which in tlhe ranks of the Kentucky and Tennessee regiments under gen eral Jackson overthrew the British invaders at Sew Orleans, and closed tile war of 1812. . Virginia makes no boast of these prepara- t tions; but as sure as the sun shines over her beautiful fields, she will treat the election of an abolition I(resident as a breach of the treaty I of 1789, and a release of every sovereign State in the south from all parts and lot in its t stipulations. The south will then revert to free trade, her favorite and long desired policy; and i her commerce will be no longer shackled with the, tribute of $50,000,000 to 875,000,000 in annual revenues which constitute the grand r federal corruption fund, to grasp which is the I whole object of the abolition, and which has, proved itself the "root of all evil." t The Richmond Enquirer makes a formidable military display-on paper at least-but we s trustthat the black republicans and all their c allies will be politically dead long before the military strength of the Old Dominion is called into active service. THE TAX-PAYERS OF LoUISI&NA.-The citi zens of Louisiana have justly complained of the onerous and unjust taxation, which has been increased upon them for three years. But heavy as their burdens have been, in this par- I ticular, the end is not yet. What will the intense democracy of the Red River and North Louisiana parishes have to say, when they come to foot the heavy bill of taxation fastened upon them by the last legis lature, in defraying the expenses of our muni cipal elections in New Orleans. This a new feature of taxation that never en tered their pockets before, and when the plant ers of the upper parishes are called upon to pay annually thirty or forty thousand dollars, to de fiay the expenses of the local elections in New Orleans, we think their complaints will be raised to a general howl. If, however; they are determined to support by their votes the run-mad democracy of these latter days, they ought not to complain. Let the dance go on, but don't make a wry face if you have to pay the fiddler. [Creole. MAIL ROBBERS ARRESTED.-Charles Entree' has been arrested at Toledo, Ohio, charged with robbing the United States mail. Several .drafts for largei amounts, upon different banks, east and west were found on his person, and a mail bag in his house, with fragments of letters, envelopes,&c. A few days ago the mail between Dayton and Indianapolis was carried off by a man who presented a forged order from the mail contractor to the driver, a boy, directing him to hand it over to the bearer. The boy suspecting nothing wrong complied,and the fel low started off. Nothing since has been heard of him or the mail. On Monday a youth named Lindsey was arrested near Richmond, Ind., charged with driving off with the mail in charge of his brother-in-law. He confessed that it was his intention to rob it had he not been over taken Land speculators appear to have got on a full head of steam in Kansas, and we may soon expect to hear an explosion. A letter from I Leavenworth says, that a lot containing about fifty acres, lying half a mile from town, sold i at private sale, a day or two since, for $11,000; I one of fifty-three acres for $12,000; one of sixteen acres for $3,000. Single lots, 21 feet1 by 110, are selling from $200 to $2,500. Very' small office buildings rent for $600 a year.r MINNESOTA, THE BLEST.-An exchange says the amount of lands granted Minnesota under the. act of congress for railroad purposes is es- I timated at 4,416,000 acres. At $1 25per acre, t the sumis $5,520,000. How much money have the old states received? Answer $000,00,000. General Intellige0~ NEW YORK, May 6.-The Cun-ard - from Liverpool, arrived here to-day btamer1i days later from Europe. a, brin T'Ihere was only a moderate business ln c. Ston. The market still continued to d cdii. ally in low and middling qualities et ,, anxious to realise. Receipts had hbeeno.Vti d: o In Manchester goods had slightly deo.. i o The French funds had further ddei fi and there was a re ort that the g.vertn -i seek to obtain anot er loan, by cal n e: to double its capital. This was ci usl t, , satisfaction, and it was said the direcn' ., o dedlv against the measure. We Tmay , rr i tornado in France this surrmner ., v MNw YORK, May 5th.-Thetrial of Ir ham anld John J. Echel, for the mturdlr, : ca vev Burdell, commenced to day. rdet a NEW YORK, May 1.--The steiamship A f i left Liverpool on the 18th April, haisa• to She brings one week's later dates. Thrm t" cotton market slightly declined. Orlea s. was quoted at 7itd. Holders freely metat' P low grades were difficult of sales at more decline. The bank of France, in order to check, had raised the premium. NEW YORK, May 4.-The Liverpool and steamship Indian, from Liverpool ortht, I has arrived at Quebec. The cotton mrarke ed very dull. . c The money market is slightly more str, a The London papers classify the new hi.h mons as follows: Palrnerotonians, 265.i 227; reformers, 110; liberal conservatiesr' , The British have refused to ratify theDaii The London Globe states that at preset ti, of Norwich has not the power of vacati t and an act of parliament must be pas; ed lawful to accept his resignation. •'Get tsd cumstances, the vacancy is purely prosp~ t no steps have been taken to till it unp. The French government has adopted tf system of transportation for criminals. from the manufacturing districts are ver. factory. 1 More startlinog rumors of plans to a.az:• o emperor of the rench. The grand duke Constantine had arrire ] lon, where he was received with greath ont Curious instance of the force of pepUa dice has just occurred in France. 31a : sants in France live in the conviction . of the potato disease lies in the vapor fr 1 road locomotives; and a laborer, recently ing the railroad line as the train frote passing, deliberately fired a pistol at i strokes, which fortunately escaped unh.,: The Spanish and Mexican difficulty gl sidered to be in a fair way towards a paci uent. ] WAs~ - orNTO., May 5th.-The administlra tain that the Bulwer-Clayton treaty has n5, carried out by the British government, I hereafter insist on its being, carried out. The entire amount of public larnds so.l ted in Wisconsinamounts to$10,000,00: Bosroe, May 5.--Whitney Ferris has it, Shaw, Sampson & Brombell, Chapman,Li-i and Bigbee, Hidden & Co. LOU SVILLE, May 6.-J udge Crenshaw,o i of appeals of Kentucky, died yesterday. 7ra Mar.-There are 7 feet of water on, ST. Louis, May 5th.-The Kansas City . learns that the Cheyennes are concertra:. head waters of Republican fork with thed, tion of attacking any troops that may be0 their country. They have a large suppi; and arnnrurntion, and have made overtures. oux for assistance, which, it is reported, a have refused. A terrible battle has been fought at Pent between the Snake and Blackfeet Indians. seven of the latter were killed. CurcAoo, May 5th.-The story publish~: Missouri Republican, about the ludianpt fort Dodge, Iowa, is without the leastfound. CrxcissATI, May 5.-Dispatches from Chi,: nounce that lake Pepin is open. FraE AT OXFORD, N. C.--A dispatch frml mond, Va., states that a fire occurred at ObL C., a few days ago, by which a whole sq:g destroyed. Loss $30u,000. The dispatch ady Messrs. Hausden, Mitchell, and Lynch, wer heaviest losers. ENs.w ORLEA.s, May 5.-The British frigate In from Aspinwall, with 190 of Lockridgel men,i: San Juan river, has arrived at the rouethof the sissippi river. The men are in amiserab\ed, tuta condition, and in addition.to eir other: bles, have, the measles amontg them. The late heavy rains washed away fivebride did other material injury to the SNew Orina Jackson railroad. The schooner C. H. Vickery, while lyingun mouth of the Mississippi, on the 4th inst.,sas: by lightning, and badly injured. The ship Lanark, from Rio Janeiro, .i bags of coffee, arrived to-day. A large company has been formed ian Sea: to supply that city with coal from the mines:0 Ouachita river, recently discovered. 'It,: pronounced by competent judges, to be ofir perior quality. OxNADnrsa..-We heard yesterday that ac:e falcation has lately transpired, by which i::. principal Carondelet street shipping hc:= found itself minus to the extent of eightyr.: dollars. The operator was a partner or c'; sold the bills of the house and pocketed thep[ to that amount. [S. 0. FlaE AT APALACHICOLA.-On Thursday, I: all the lower part of town, where the uni:: press and all the large warehouses were s.: together with about sixty dwellings, were coi:, with about 2,500 bales of cotton. Two lire lost. Theentire loss is estimated at $250,ik. A very destructive tire recently occurred at. Illinois. The North Carolina fisheries, like those on tb tomac, have been doing a very poor business season, and herrings are selling on the beat $7 50 per thousand. The supply is saidtob half equal to the home demand. The St. Louis Democrat says there are unpie rumors in that city in relation to a loss said:0: fallen upon the Chicago, St. Paul and Fondd. railroad; by the failure of an English houi held near a million. dollars of its bords. I: den, the president of the road, has, it is said: to Europe to ascertain the extent of the misiu and to look after what niav be saved. A stock company has neen formed of pete siding in Cincinnati and Davton, Ohio, nh: constructed a steam-wagon to r.cn on common: A large building at Albion, Jlichigan, occup: jewelry and hardware stores, fell during a sr the 21st ult., burving five persons in tihe ruinr The Cataract hiouse at ŽN igara falls, wase r for the season on the 20th ult. The Internt hotel was to open on the 5th inst. The first steamer of the New Orlea:s and Br the Fran.ois Arago--left Sew Orleans on ri inst., under the command of captain Gilbert ?e7 After the Dred Scott decision, thie drmoecr.. vassers in Gloucester, R. I., struck the 1osr.' colored voters from the roll. The colored&.tn als are proceeding against them for the :e,:ani" of suffrage. The number of emigrants who sailedioma twerp for North America in the three monih:ht April 1st, was 8,691, in 12 ships. E!eve:. ships landed at New York. An Atlanta paper says that from thereto t nah, not a single field of corn or cotton is str: having been destroyed by the late cold westbh T'he digging of Artesian wells has prrved' nently successful in Algeria. By the aid of the parched arid desert, that seerns as sterilie rock, may be mnade to blossom as the rose. In the New York court of Geneva sessions.: 30th ult., doctor Elijah Hunt was convicteddl slaughter in the second degree, in caul-ing!th: of Harriet Iawson, by procuring an aL.,roo. her person. The Washington correspondent of ademrno: gan in Cincinnati, says that the late appointr captain Rynders to the U.States marshaisn!po': f York was made by the president without rea counter petitions, remlonstrances and even : asking the views of the cabinet." It isaniF ment against which all the prouder and m"iy0 pendent of the democratic organs thereseia out, shame!. A late Louisville Journal, speaking offp' Buchanan's health, says, a very distingui"' mocrat, just from Washington, express:~c opinion that Mr. Buchanan will not live nmu. er. He says that the labors of office and the::: dous pressure of office-seekers are bearing ti:'s ily upon Mr. B's health, and that the di e0 tracted by him at the National hotel appear hastening his inevitable fate. SThe democratic State convention of Te: unanimously nominated general J. G. Hlarn:': didate for governor. The long entertained idea that silk is thee'' of the wdrm, is exploded by the recent ifL tions of a philosopher. He has come to thee sion that it is from the leaf of the mulberry tr not from the worm which exists thereon. material for silk is obtained. The ph:10 lt'O ludes to one signor Lotteri,while reflecting U'. fact that of the silk worm living upon olse., Sion of food, came to the conclusion that "t.e! substance must lie not in the animal, but t.e table matter," which supported it. 1He t.' "analised the composition of the mulbelrryi by boiling it to a thick paste, produced ecte scription of silk in immense quantities. rational inference, we think, and one whic. roborated by further experiment, will achierel portant revolution in silk production. FATAL Accinxat.--3r. John I. Chtubbu.c"i agara city, was found dead over the ba3lk" day week, about two rods above the brid supposed le was returning home from h l i' Saturday night, and as it was very dark.'.e have fallen about one hundred and tvenl ty.i~ The first division of the Galvestonl. 110 Henderson railroad, twenty-five miles in le1nd completed at 11 o'clock .A. , on the 30th da~ past month (April.) This does not itc"iint tracks, nor about three hundred feet laido. division. By thus finishing twenty v.re e their road, the company are entitledl of s25,nOn acres of lan.l.