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*het Shhe ueprt gewo.
Jao. Dickinson, Editor 4 Proprietori
IPJOB PRINTING of every
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reasonableterms as the times will admit.
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oertising, see first page.
The Latest News !
This paper will pay liberally for
news of any character furnished it,
whenever used. In writing, be brief
and to the point, and forward by the
quickest means possible.
On Tuesday morning our paper
will appear as of old, in an enlarged
size, and Semi-Weekly. Our publi
cation days will be Tuesday and Sat
Advertisemtents to appear in the
Tuesday's paper must be handed in
prior to 12 o'clock, M'onday morning,
those for Saturday's edition, before
12 o'clock, Friday morning. Adver
tisers should bear this in mind, as we
are compelled to go to press early so
as to mail our paper in time to leave
the next morning.
We have carefully perused the
General Orders placed at our dispo
sal by the officers in command of the
U. S. fleet, now lying at this port,
and can see nothing objectionable in
them. We publish them for the in
formation of our readers.
Special attention is directed to the
General Orders in to-day's paper.
On Tuesday evening, the Gth inst.
the United States fleet arrived at this
place with troops to occupy it. We
conversed with one of the officers and
found him quite an affable and cour
·teous gentleman, and are under obli
gations to him for copies of orders
issued by Gen. iHerron. The princi
pal officers here, we understand, are:
Major General F. J.Herron, Surgeon
O.M. Humphrey, Capt. W. H. Clapp,
A. A. G., Capt. C. E. Stevens, A. D. C.
Capt.L. B. Morey, A. D. C., Lt. W. H.
Gladden, A. C. M., Lieut. A. Ray
burn, A. A. Q. M..
The river is yet in fine boating
order, but it is declining rapidly. In
the course'of a month, if there is not
a rise, it will be too low for the larger
class of Red river boats.
Our authorities have gone to work
in real earnest in cleaning the city of
its vast accumulation of filth. The
work commenced on Thursday morn
ing, by putting to work a number of
idle negroes, who had left their homes
in order to lounge in idleness around
the city. But theyfound themselves
greatly mitaken in their calculations,
as General Herron is not the man to
suffer idleness in either the whites or
blacks about the place.
The colored race had better learn
at once that they are not to be sup
ported in idleness ; they must work,
and work faithfully too, or they will
be made to do it.
So soon as things quiet down, and
wear the usual appearance of busi
ness, affording us good mail facilities,
we will endeavor to place before our
patrons, as of old, a paper respecta
ble in sise, appearance and contents;
in the mean time we will do the best
we can, being almost entirely de
prived of our exchanges, and receiv
ing but now and then a paper
through the attention of some friend,
it is almost impossible to publish a
)Our planters can send in provi
stons for sale in this dty with per
feet safety; wefeel assured that they
will not be molested. That the eiti
zens of this place need produce, we
suppose the planters know without
being informed through our columns
As all resistance to the Unitld
States authorities have ceased
throughout the length and breadth of
the late Obnfedetate States, it be
hooves every citizen to conform his
actions to the new order of things.
Further resistance will be fruitless,
heartburnings and a rancorous hatred
impotent, and a retirement from all
interest in public concerns impolitic.
The country is still our home and
must be that of our children through
all future years.
Then let us act like men ; men
whose honor and interests are insep
arably interwoven with our country.
For three quarters of a century we
lived in harmony, under the same
government, with the people of the
North. True, we had our political
disputes and party strifes, but such
are inseparable from all free govern
During the seventy-five years of
national harmony, the country rose
from poverty to wealth ; from a state
of comparatively infantile weak
ness, to a vigorous and noble man
hood, equal in all respects to the
greatest nations of the earth, ancient
or modern. A country of such vast
capabilities, inhabited by a race so
vigorous-so manly-so self reliant
-must have a glorious future, and
we have every reason to believe from
the indications of public policy, that
our rulers will heartily co-operate in
all movements deisigned to promote
the public welfare.
Let our people everywhere, in town
and in country, lay aside their preju
dices if they have any, divest them
selves as quick as possible of all
feelings inimical to the public au
thorities, and as one man, commence
a new career of industry, prosperity
and happiness. This course will
lead to prosperity, to happiness, to a
glorious future. The opposite will
lead to poverty, to ruin, to misery.
The ligaments that bind the Union
are now stronger than ever before,
having been strengthened and hard
ened by the ordeal of four years of
terrible and bloody war.
There are now no cowards in the
broad extent of our land,. no sickly
scions of wealth too feeble and deli
cate to maintain the honor of this
country on the field of battle. In
every corner of the land, north and
south, the people have proven them
selves to be equal, in all the attri
butes of manhood, to any people on
the face of the earth. Such a people
must respect each other, must love
each other, and in after years, must
desire to live together in peace and
The emancipation of our slaves
will not prove seriously detrimental
to the country, if proper regulations
are adopted to enforce good order
an.d industry among the blacks, and
this, we are assured, will be the case.
In a word, we have much to cheer
us on in the future, and nothing'
whatever, to darken our prospects.
We hope that the proper steps will
be taken immediately to place us in
communication by mail with the
principal cities in the Union. This
is a matter of much importance to a
people who have been entirely cut
off, as it were, from the world.
The smiling countenances of our
people, betokens that they are not
only pleased at the termination of
the war, but that they will yield
obedience to all the laws of the Uni
ted States. Let the past be forgot
ten, and devotion to the future be
the aim of all. Those who cannot
conform to the new order of things
should leave the country and en
deavor to hbe content elsewhere.
| New Labor System,.
Gen. Herron's General Orders No.
20, dated Shreveport June 3rd., 1865,
says "there are no longer ony slaves
in the United States." Slavery was
destroyed by the "Emancipation Pro
clamation," January 1st. 1865.
A different system of labor has
been adopted, the negro will hereafter
receive a moderate compensation for
his labor, and will be encouraged to
remain with his former master.
The order says "At the same time
to all who are disposed to submit
quietly to the laws of the land, the
greatest possible assistance will be
given, and it is recommended to all
such, that the Freedman be employ
ed under special contracts at reason
able wages, and kindly treated."
Again, "No encouragement will be
given to the latter class (Negroes)
to leave their former masters, and
they must learn that they cannot be
supported in idleness, or allowed to
congregate at Military Posts. "
That the system will operate harsh
ly at first upon some individuals, we
believe is generally conceded but we
sincerly trust that when fairly tried
it will be found to work well and to
answer fully the purpose designed
d by those by whom it was established.
We will not now discuss the point,
U but simply suggest that after all the
negro will probably be the greatest
n loser by the change.
WC e trust that in this particular we
may be mistaken, and it is possible
that we may be, as the negro in the
South has attained a degree of civi
lization much beyond his brethern
in Africa, or of the WVest Indies when
the Emancipation scheme ewent into
effect there, but still it is believed
Y by those best acquainted with the
negro character that the black race
ais constitutionally indaolent, and can
1 be made to labor only by the coer
cive power of a master.
n If this view of the negro character
' is correctitwill become our author
ites to adopt such rules as may be
necessary to secure a resonable amount
of service from them, as in many
.e parts of the country it is our only
Y available labor.
- Labor in the South istoo scarce to
s lose any portion of it, white or black:
R hence the necessity of adopting such
d rules as may be necessary to meet
t- the present emergency.
Grops, 4c.-We learn from our
n Texas exchanges, that the wheat,
rye, and barley crops of that State are
e fully matured and will prove abun
t dant throughout the whole State.
d Never was there it is said, a better
prospect. Corn too is promising and
s will soon be in roasting ear.
it In this section of country the corn
looks well, but it is backward
r owing to the cold and backward
S The season has not been favorable
rto Ootton ; much of the bottoms of
SRed river having been overflowed,
and every where the season has been
too cold and wet for so delicate a
n In many parts of Texas the
e quanity of Cotton planted is about
s equalto the crop of formeryears, butin
a this part of Louisiana and in the ad
t joining portions of Texas, the quantity
lanted is quite limited, not more we
riould say, than the fifth of a crop.
t The Austrian patent for making
f paper out of corn husks will be
Sthoroughly tested in this country.
If the experiment succeeds according
i to expeetation, steps will be imme
t- diately taken to manufacture printing
e paper on an extensive scale by the
The grandfather of the late Presi
" dent Lincoln, also surnamed Abra
-l ham, was murdered by Indiansn in
HlEAD QaARTERS BUCINER'S COlRPS.
Shreveport, La., June 8, 1865.
Soldiers :-The struggle (or Independ
ence hq ceased. As soldie of the Con
foderate States Army, defend g the rights
of your ooustry, y'wolor e respect of
your enemies and the adsilration of the
civilized world. A power which you could
not resist, has crushed the hopes which
you cherished. and compelled, by force of
arms, obedience to the authority of the
United States. You have obligated your
selves to abstain from further acts of hos
tility and are permitted to return to your
homes, to follow your peaceful avocations
without molestation of your persona.
The same 6delity which you displayed
upon the battle-field, should be shows in
the new engagements into which you have
voluntarily ent-red. Go peaceably to
your homes. Cultivate friendly relations
with ail. Abstain from all hostiie acts. and
discountenance every atteMpt at disorder.
You will have much to forgive. and
much to endure ; but as courage has latn
your characteristic orn the field, let a spirit
of magnanimity and fortitude guide your
actions in private life. When the passions
of the hour shall have subsided. a urturning
sense f l'justice will compel even the peo
ple whom we have so long resisted. to con
cede that justice must have been the basis
of a cause which inspired sO many acts of
heroism. and gave ri-e to the spiit of self
sacrifice and devotion, which you have so
To the Missouri troops of the corns. my
commendations are especially due. for the
orderly deportment and firm discipline
which they hatve shown in the most trying
Soldiers ! Our official relntions are now
severed. You will carry with you to your
homes or into exile. my warmest wishes for
your prosperity and happiness.
S. I1. BTUCKNI1:.
Frceign Itemsr.-England and In
dia are now within six hours tele
n3. Guizot, possibly from the
anxiety he has suffered during his
struggle for a seat in the French
Acadtrity, has been seized with
erysipelas in the head.
One of the Japanese princes has
resolved to erect a sugar r'tinerv in
.Japan, and has engaged two, skilled
Europeans to ass:it him in a .;:I.iVtg
out his project.
A work, edited under the eye ot,
the Emperor of Austria, has been just
issued from the Imperi:al printing
establishment at Vienna. It is all
exact representation in colors of' tihe
jewels, trinkets and other treasure~
belonging to the Austrian crown.
Fenianisin is progressing it Ire
land to the evident alarm of the
British authorities. An alledged
Fenian agent was recently tried at
Mullingar for seducing- soldiers fron
their allegiance, and urging tlt to
go to America to make Ireland a
free nation. A number of military
pamphlets, published in lAmerica
relative to the proper mode of con
ductting a popular war in Ireland,
wereil found in Murphy's trunks.
The jury were out forty hours, and
having failed to agree, wve tlduI
discharged by the judge, under cir
cumnstances that inducedl a ieliet'that
there were Fenians among thltiu who
were pledged not to couvict their
The New York World speaks
as follows relative to great prepara
tions at the North for Ia Military ex
pedition to .Mexico :
Public interest in regard to the
various Mexican umigration schemes
that have recently been brought to
light, seems increasing in a most
wonderful manner every day. The
war having passed from our States,
and history. being, it is said, a con
tinuous record of wars, people no
sooner find one finished than they
survey the hlorizon anxiously, to see
rwhere the next bolt will fill. From
this time, the Franco-Mexiocan con
flict assumes mor umportant propor
tions in the eyes of the American
public than even ever before. Num
erous veteran soldiers, rusting in,
"inglorious ease,"begin to fkel an
itching for the land of tarantulas
and cacti, and in anticipation already
"revel in the halls of the Monte
zumas," surrounded by a brilliant
Americo Mexican republican court,
graced with the sparkling beauty
and wit of the black-eyed senoritas.
The affair presents to them many
temptations. They beieve that they
will establish republicanism forever
on the continent, redeem Mexican
society; and live forever in the re
cords of the republic of Mexico and
the hearts of her grateful people.
They exult, too, that there will be
no fratricidal character to this con
flict, if it should ensue, and claim to
sco fame, wealth, and all that can
I satisfy ambition in th, project of a
little tilihu stnrinr
Gen. Kirby Siith abi Mexi
The subjoined letter from the agent
of the Emperor of Mexico to the Now
York Times will set at rest, says the
New Orleans Picayune, various
rumors which have afforded matter
for speculation and sensation :
NEw YORK, May 18.
Editor K. Y. Times :-I observe
that certain journals in this city per
sist in speaking of a supposed cession
by Mexico to Plrance of the States of
Sonora, Chihuahua,. Durango, etc..
entirely oblivious of the denials of
this cession which have appeared in
French official journals.
Without referring to the solemn
engagement of his Majesty, the Emn
eror, my august sovereign, on the
subject of the integrity of the
Mexican territory,acool and judicious
consideration of the objections to
such a cession should demonstrate
its falsehood. I am, however, well
aware that ill-intentioned persons de
sire to make the American people
believe in the reality of a thing
which neither is nor can be; and, as
I am authorized to meet all such ca
lumnies, I desire to inform the people
of the United States that it is abso
lutely false that his Majesty, the
Emperor of Mexico, has ceded thi
above named States to France ; and
that his Majesty will make no ar
rangements which can alienate or im
peril one inch of Mexican soil, or
detract in one iota from his own dig
It is equally false that D)r. Gwin
has been made a viceroy or duke in
the Empire. l'Thlough tor solme timie
present in Mexico, Dr. (owin never
had any relations with the persons
who compose the government of his
At the moment of seiadimug this let
ter, I observe a disp:atlch from WVasrh
ii,'rtr, wvhiclt obsrv that hii
1 %Ijesty, the lmp!)eror of Mexic,, le:s
,en c engaged in niegotia;tioilns withi
the Confederate General, E. Eiriiy
Such allegations directly involve
the person and government of hi.;
majesty. They can onlybbe intended
to wound the pride and the suscepti.
bility of the United States, at a mo
mnent when all discreeti journali:;t:;
and the intelligent public of t!e
United States are ceridemnuing c,
iilbustering movemennt so emag. rly
agitated hero for a short time pa.t.
And as the publicity given to them
predisposes men's minds in the
United States against the order of
things actually established in Mexico,
I cannot permit the opportunity to
pass of stating that I am fully anthor
ized to contradict any stat,.neumt.
which ijpli.. any inil,;ttationm Upom
the strict neutrality which ti, cn,
,ernment of his impieri.al 3Itjeis:" la:s
prrseirved, and will cnrtillue t, pre -
serve, in rospect to A:;uericain naf ir -,
under the s;unle sense of its duties t,
the law of natious which actuates the
Government of the United States.
I am very respectfully, your
Leis Iu Arnnoveo.
T' Q'as TslANs-Mt>3s. DEP.URTMIEr. ?
Shreveport, June 9, 1865.
Genern, Orders. (
Brig.-G(oen. E. (reer. I'. A. C. S.. is here
by appointed as Supervising Commissioner
for the purpose, of paroling the troops itl
that portion of the District of Texas lying
north of the Trinity river.
Such officers as may re required by
Brig.-Gen. Greer to assist hint in the por
formance of his duties will be designated
by him and assigned to such points as he
may deem tit. Such officers to act in con
nection with the Commissioners designated
by the U. S. authorities.
By command of
General E. Kmnnr surrTU.
S. B. BITCKNER,
Lieut.-Gen. and Chief of Staff.
II'o Q'as TIAs.-MIss. DEPARTMET, ,
Shreveport, June 9, 1865. t
General Orders, I
The following named officers are hereby
appointed ac Supervising Commissioner3
at the places set opposite to their respec
, tive names, for paroling this. command, to
act in conriection with such Commissioners
as may be designated by-the IT. S. author
ities, viz :
Colonel S. A. Roberts, Bonham, Texas.
Major Winm. A. Steadman, Marshall, Tex
Major J. A. Ayaold, Nacogdoches, Texar
Colonel W. R. Shivers, Shreveport, La.
Major J. J. Yarbrough, Mansfield, La.
Capt. T. K. Taunt Le Roy, Minden. La
Ry command of
G(neral F KTnRY SMo-rn
*. Ii. ;ItCKNER.
I.i,'it (;'n nd ('hij t" .f -'.,,t