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STRAIT CAN RESIST Dardanelles Bombardmeot Not Feared by Ruler of Turkey. EFFECT ON OUTSIDE WORLD Greatest Naval Power of World Now Attempting to Reduce Strongest Land Fortifioation*—Mehnied V. Grants In terview to Cerreepondents and Lauds Valor of His Troops and ths Germans. Constantinople.—One of the most in' teresting developments that the war has brought about Is the great effort of the allies to force the Dardanelles strait and the superb resistance that the Turkish defenders, assisted by the German officers, have been able to dis play. This bombardment, in which the strongest naval powers In the world are attempting to reduce the strongest land fortifications in the world, will go down In history as the most spectacular naval engagement ol all time. Each shot fired by the allied fleet 19 felt In all parts of the world. Stored away in Russia, without an outlet, these are thousands and thousands of bushels of wheat that the world Is clamoring for. Unless the forts are forced it must remain there, for there is no other outlet If the strait is pen etrated, however, this grain will flood the world's markets and the price of wheat will be reduced all over the globe. The allies are confident that they can reduce these remarkable fortifica tions. The defenders are likewise cer tain that the task is impossible. Thla is what the sultan of Turkey said to a group of American correspondents: "I am convinced that the Darda nelles cannot be forced. The brave conduct of the Turkish troops in the recent operations against the strait permits me to conclude that although the allies bend every effort and use every means at their disposal they will be unable to achieve their purpose." The various phases of the bombard ment were discussed by his majesty in a manner demonstrating that he was well informed on the affair. Mehmed V. was in a most cordial frame of mind. Many of the incidents related by the correspondents brought to the sultan's face brbad smiles of satisfaction, appreciation and amuse ment. How the correspondents had been obliged to make a hasty retreat when Kale Sultania was reached by the allies' shells appeared to be of spe cial interest to his majesty. When one of the correspondents told the sultan that be had been made ner vous in Chanak ka Essi by the explo sions of large shells, which impelled him to stoop at every detonation, and how an old interpreter, who also was retreating, touched him on the arm each time, saying, "Yock kismet," the sultan was much amused and touched the newspaper man on the shoulder in a most fatherly fashion and proceeded to explain that the use of the word "kismet" was Improper under such cir cumstances. "The old man should have used the word 'kader,' because that term ex presses more fully what he wanted to convey/' said his majesty. "The word 'kader* means that our fate is in the bands of a superior force and that what is to happen will happen anyway. The Idea Is known among you, I believe, as fatalism. But 'kader* alone will not do. We also must work." This incident disposed of, his majes ty asked the correspondent to continue his description of the sinking of the French warship Bouvet and the British Irresistible. That the Bouvet had dis appeared within three minutes brought a look Into the kindly gray eyes of his majesty as if he regretted that so many human beings had perished without a chance to fight for life. The sultan then asked If his troops appeared to be happy and contented^ The answer being emphatically in the affirmative, a new smile of satisfaction lit up his face. "It has been said that it was the factor of luck that made our victory on March 18 so complete and great," he remarked, "but we In the Turkish have a saying, 'Luck is infatuated with the efficient.' "It appears very unjust to me that the allies want to force the Darda-c, nelles and take Constantinople just to Import foodstuffs from Russia. But our, army and mast defense force hare shown their ability and willingness to do their duty. I am speaking here not alone of the Turkish defenders of the Dardanelles, but also those Germans who have so efficiently and bravely co-operated with them. "I would thank 70s if you woukl say for me: that: my admiration for. that German troops in the east and the west Is so great that it is lmposslble for me to expraw In words my high opinion of their valor and, efficiency. Concerning their chief commander, Emperor William* :I can only say that we In Turkey pray that he may enjoy the beet, of health for many years.^ The sultan was Informed that Em-, peror William was sending with Field Marshal yon der Goltz Iron crosses of the first and second classes, with which: he Intended to decorate his majesty, and tiie saltan appeared highly pleas ed. "1 am proud of belng presented with medals which decorate so many brave men," he said. ...—i. TV~\ EDISON WINS HONORT MEDAL Forum Decorates 'Him as American Who Has Done Most For Mankind. New York.—Thomas A. Edison has been voted- the American who has done most to benefit mankind and has received the: Civic Forum medal of honor for distinguished public service. This medal, established to give rec ognition on the part of the rank and file of the American people to that one »f their countrymen who in ways of peace performs some signal public service, was awarded last year for the first- time to Colonel George W. Goethals for his work at Panama. Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, presi dent of Columbia university, presided at the reception, and the speakers in cluded Guglielmo Marconi, inventor of the wireless telegraph Dr. Charles P. Steinmetz, consulting. engineer of the General Electric company Dr. Richard C. Maclaurin, president of the Massa chusetts Institute of Technology, and Charles A. Coffin, chairman of the board of directors of the General Elec tric company. Percy Mackaye .read a poem written for the occasion. OREGON MEN NOT "FRESH." Women "Hiked" It Alone, Unarmed and Unmolested. Eugene, Ore.— Five Eugene young women have just finished a "hike" of sixty miles along the Oregon coast un armed and unafraid of stories of bears told them at virtually every place they stopped. They carried packs weighing almost twenty pounds and took their chances at finding shelter each night. They proudly boast that not one man "got fresh" and that it would be quite possible for a woman to walk all over Oregon alone without being molested. The "hikers" were Miss Frieda Gold smith, Miss Harriett Thompson, Dr. Bertha Stewart,. Miss Mary Perkins and Miss Myrrha Hepburn. Four are members of the University of Oregon faculty. WORK WITH THE HOE Weeds Killed by Arsenic end Much Lebor Is Saved. Washington.—Officials of the depart ment of agriculture are greatly inter ested in reports received from Hawaii, to the effect that one of the big sugar companies has adopted as a regular field practice the system of destroying weeds by use of an arsenic poison spray instead of by hoeing. Experts who have conducted experi ments on Hawaii sugar lands estimate that by the spraying method a saving can be made in labor of $15 to $30 per acre per annum. The latest developments along this line in Hawaii are discussed in a let ter received from Professor H. P. Agee, •director of the experiment station staff of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' asso ciation. Before going to Hawaii Pro fessor Agee co-operated with the de partment in experiments on Louisiana sugar land. The value of this method in Hawaii is very great, because of the fact that, like most tropical regions, the islands are subject to torrential rains. The less the surface of sugar and other lands is disturbed by cultivation the less chance there is that heavy rains will wash off the top soil or immedi ately beat it into compact form. A few years ago the department of agriculture issued a bulletin dealing with the weed factor In the cultivation of corn, following a series of experi ments extending over several years, which apparently established the prin ciple that it is the removal of the weeds rather than the cultivation prop er that contributes most to the pro duction of the corn crop. A series of 125 experiments were conducted, cov ering many states. On some plots the most approved methods of cultivation were employed, while on other plot$ there was no cultivation whatever, the weeds being eliminated by surface scraping with a hoe. A general average of all these ex periments showed that the plots that were simply weeded produced 95.1 per cent as much fodder and 99.108 per cent as much grain as those that were subjected to the most approved meth ods of cultivation. The arsenic spray method will be given a trial on corn land in Louisiana this year by experts of the office of farm management in co-operation with local authorities, with a view to de termining whether it is not, available for use in that region, where conditions to some extent approach those In Hawaii. SKINS WAY TO DEGREE. 8tudent Pays Expenses, by Trapping Muskrats. Beloit, Wis.—A student at Beloit is literally skinning his way through col la**, He is Edwin M. Dahlberg of Cherry Valley, 111.,, a senior, and be lias earned a large portion of his col lege expenses by trapping muskrats on the Rock river, near this city. Dahlberg began to emulate Daniel Boone last fall. He set a string of trapei along the river above thei city. Every morning he would visit tbem. starting out in bis canoe at 5 o'clock: 5 Drifting downstream, he would skin his catches on the way back to Beloit He cured: the pelts on some rafters In the men's dormitory, which sometimes were upholstered by several hundred skins at a time. POUUUMUlESERTj FUTURE IS DARK Every Second Mair I thr Coun try Is Now a Refugee. PEOPLE IN WANT OF FOOD. Robert Crozier Long Makes Extended Tour of Country and Finds Great Devastation and Much, Suffering. Telia Exactly What He Has Seen and What People Face. London.—Robert Crozier Long, au thor and special correspondent, has written an account of his extended tour of the war devastated districts of Poland. In it he says: 'Finis Poloniae,' Kosciusko's epi taph on his country, has been real ized. "A tour of central and south Poland and the Polish parts of Galicia con vinces me of that I visited all the chief towns and many villages, or ruins of villages, in 10,000 square miles of country lying between the Austro German lines and the Vistula in a semicircle from the Bzura to^the Nida. 1 visited also the basin of the Dunajec and Willoka, the theater of the san guinary May day outbreak. The coun try is a desert, the home of nomads. I got my first glimpse of it on the Bzura, west of Warsaw, where during a four months' artillery duel every habitation has disappeared. "I reached this battle front first after dusk and from an observation tower saw the remnants were gaunt, erect pillars. This is typical of burnt out Poland. A street of frame cottages, often straw thatched, catches fire from the first shell and only ugly rows of brick chimneys are left. "Isolated factories all have been de stroyed, mostly by airmen's bombs on the suspicion that they were staff headquarters. Thirty villages either were burned or blown up. "The governor of Radom assured me that in his province 500 villages had been burned. Refugees assure me that in a circle extending thirty miles around Lodz only five villages were spared. "Poland's population is suffering as no Europeans have suffered since the Thirty Years' war. Every second man is a refuge. Warsaw has 60,000 refu gees, a third of them Jews. In Radom I found 15,000 refugees, in Kielce 20,' 000. "A Warsaw rabbi assured me that 100,000 Jews from the towns of Lodz, Piotrkow and Lowicz are without homes. Many refugees still tramp the roads, begging despairingly from peo ple themselves beggars. Many thou sands are huddled in the tottering frag ments of cottages, while 10,000 are shivering in the abandoned trenches and terraced Russian dugouts at Ska ryszom. "I met many refugees without food or money and mostly ill clad. Near Ostrowiec was a dreary procession of men in thick sheepskin coats without other clothing, women in men's trou sers and children in dresses improvised from shawls. "Such is Poland's present The fu ture will be even worse. The country, ravaged and Irreclaimable, begins to resemble the primeval. Sarmatian waste. Roads, forests and even fields have vanished. "The roads which have been repair ed cannot bring food to civilians, for all are crowded by parallel transport columns. The fields were destroyed by transport and artillery trains, which, finding the roads too narrow, spread right and left obliterating farms. "Winter grain was not sown, and there is no seed grain for spring. "The worst because it is irremedia ble, is the forest destruction. Some woods have been hewn wholesale to n^ake causeways, through morasses, some to pave roads, some to' make a clear field for artillery, some shelled to bits because they afforded shelter for troops, some drenched with petroleum and burned. This forest devastation means for Poland generations of beg gary." STOWAWAY ALMOST DEAD. 8eattle Man Hadnt Food or Water For Eight Days. Seward, Alaska.—Leland F. Farmer, a young draftsman who stowed away on the steamer Admiral Evans of the Pacific Alaska Navigation company at Seattle, was found in the lower hold. He had been eight days without food or water, but will recover. When dis covered he was wedged head down ward between two bales of hay. Farmer had heard that there, are ex. cellent opportunities for draftsmen at Ship Creek, Cook Inlet, where the gov ernment Is assembling men and mate rial for building the federal railroad In Alaska. Cork Leg No. Help .to Him. Cleveland, O.—Owen Kelley's cork leg Instead of acting as a life preserver a few days ago when he fell into the lake from the pier at the foot of East Ninth street came very near being a life destroyer. Struggle as he would he cpuld not raise his head to a level with his leg, .which floated buoyantly. Commander^Kelly .of the Ohio naval militia steamer Dorothea was coming ashore and dragged the drowning man out FIFTY YEAR. SEARCH ENDS. P« C. Grimes, 8eventy-five, Finds Hie Long Lost Sister. h: Altusj Okla.—A search of fifty yean, extending over a dozen different states, during the progress of which a small fortune was expended in an adverbs* ing campaign^ ended at Blair when P. C. Grimes of Nebraska City, Neb., stepped from an express passenger train Into the arms of his sister, Mm. P. W, Jones of Altus. Mr. Grimes Is seventy-five years old. Fifty years ago, after the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Jones, the family broke up. After a few years they lost trace of each other and all efforts to get Into communication were unavailing. Mr. Grimes then began his search. It was a mere accident that Grimes finally found his sister. He had writ ten a letter to her, directed to Rl*, a postofflce in Green county, long since discontinued. The letter was thrown to Mangum, and Postmaster G. B. Townsend, who happened to be per sonally acquainted with Mrs. Jones, forwarded the letter to hen SHE QUIT PARSONAGE. When Pastor-Husband Forgot Art of Kissing. St Louis.—Mrs. Eugenia Anderson, nineteen years old, seven months' bride of the Rev. Arthur R. Anderson, pastor of the Central Christian church in Granite City, has returned to the home of her mother, Mrs. Minnie Koch of this city, because she says her husband would not kiss her. She told a reporter that in the last two months her husband had kissed her but once and that this lone salute was bestowed, not upon her lips, true lover fashion, but in a half hearted way on her cheek. She said she did not wish to be di vorced and would be glad to resume her place as mistress of the manse if her husband would only give her a lit tle affection. Drank Lye When a Baby—Un able to Eat For Sixteen Years. St Louis. Miss Katherine Besse, eighteen years old, ate the first break fast luncheon and dinner she ever ate in her life a few days ago. For six teen years she had not tasted comr pletely food of any description. The channel of her throat the esophagus, ,.was in position, but was entirely use less until Dr. Francis W. Kirsch per formed an operation known as gas trotomy and brought her back to nor mal When she was two years old Miss Besse, who is the daughter of the wid ow of a grocer, drank a solution of lye while her mother was busy at her housework. The lye burned away the membranes of the child's mouth and the lining of her esophagus and caused this channel from her mouth to her stomach to be come strictured and to close tightly. A physician who was called to at tend her said she would die unless her esophagus was cut loose from her stomach and a new one made from parts of the stomach fashioned into a tube and sewed to the surface of her breast Her parents refused to permit the physician to cut away the deadened esophagus but granted him permission to bring the lining of the stomach to the surface of her body and make an opening near the solar plexus, through which liquid food might be given her. Dr. Kirsch became interested in the case. He began a gentle probing with a slender pliable steel rod, which he forced down her esophagus. One after another the closed places in the old tissue were forced open and broken apart As they were broken they were left attached to the inside of the new tissue that gradually had grown around the unused tube. Nature then began its process of ab sorption until the new throat was clear of any stricture. Then the surgeon placed the patient under an anaesthet ic and swiftly cut away the stitches that held the lining of the stomach to the old opening in the breast sewed this together and dropped it in place, sewed together the muscles that had been severed sixteen years ago, cut away the abnormal tissues that had grown around the wound, stitched the severed skin together and when Miss Besse awoke from the ether told her she had become normal again. BEES HAVE PARALYSIS. Oklahoma Entomologist Finds Evi dence of. Disease. Oklahoma City, Okla. C. E. San born, state entomologist at the A. and M. college, has discovered that a dis ease which he describes as paralysis has attacked the honeybees in Oklaho ma. Dead bees are furnished him for investigation. He took live bees and infected them with the bacillus of the dead ones, and soon they died. He says: "In death they showed the same ac tion as bees ordinarily found with paralysis. Their abdomens became dis tended. their two front feet drawn up against their chests, the four hind feet stretched out sprawling and quiver ing the mouth parts extended and quivering and the head frequently turned to one side." •'Is H*0:WPES I If you intend to buy a team or horse this spring come and look over my stock. I have some good ones at very low prices. I am now equiped with a number of new buggies and wagons and ready to give first class livery service, heavy team work or draying. I TOM M°CORMICK S GRAND MARAIS The Most Progressive Farmers use concrete for farm improvements CONCRETE is Permanent, Fireproof and Healthful When yon build, build of concrete USE Universal PORTLAND Cement C. O. BACKLUND Grand Marais, Minn, General Building Supplies Subscribe for the home paper only $1.00 THIS YEAR, THE SAME AS LAST YEAR THE 18 THE BESTNEWSPAPERIN THE NORTHWEST Send for sample copies—after you've read them you'll surely wantto join The Herald's happy family of satisfied readers. 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