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CLOVER FOR PIGS. Feed Sows and Their Litters on Pasture. PUT ABOUT TEN ON AN ACRE. An Effort Should Be Made to Have Enough Animals to Keep the Grass Eaten Down Before It Attains a Rank Growth. The number of hogs that can be kept on an acre of clover pasture naturally depends upon the kind and size of the hogs and the natural fertility and pro ductiveness of the land on which the clover is growing, writes W. F. Purdue In the National Stockman. Much also depends on the weather, for if there is an abundance of rainfall more feed will be produced on a given area than during a dry season. In estimating the number of animals that an acre of pasture will support it should be remembered that individuals of the improved breeds that have been well handled and fed on a variety of feeds will eat more grass and get more out of It than animals that have been confined in yards and pens and fed al most entirely on concentrates. With the latter class the stomachs have not been expanded, and they are not capa ble of holding much coarse feed, and consequently such hogs cannot give as good returns for grass consumed. It is safe to say that pigs weighing from 125 to 150 pounds will consume ten to twelve quarts of grass per day while being fed slops and a fairly good ration of grain feeds. An acre of clover growing on good rich soil in the early part of the season will furnish pasture for at least ten pigs of the size mentioned. Four or five brood sows, with their litters of pigs, can also be pastured on an acre of clover. Good judgment necessarily must be used in this matter. Overpasturing is not desirable, but an effort should be made to keep enough animals on each acre of pasture to keep the grass eaten down before it attains a rank growth. Swine eat only the short and tender grass. Few of the rank and coarse stems are consumed. In case a suf ficient number of animals to keep the ass eaten down cannot be kept in a field, as soon as the clover blossoms It should be mowed and cured for hay, after which a new growth will start, which the pigs will relish. In this way the maximum results from the clover will be secured. One Fowl That Has Few Faults The poultryman "who is looking for a fowl which is noted for its beauty as well as its utility can do no better than to center his attention on the Co lumbian Plymouth Rock. This bird originated from a cross of White Wyan dotte and Light Brahma. It has the fine markings of the Light Brahma and the size and conformation of the Rocks. It has a yellow, juicy, meaty car cass and lays a good quantity of big brown eggs. The illustration shows a Columbian cock. When Rome was In her glory and the theater most popular distinctions between spectators long remained un known. When distinctions were made' the best seats were not assigned to the priests, for the drama had no such re ligious significance for the Romans as it had had for the Greeks, but were set apart for the more aristocratic por tion Of the community. The orchestra was by law set apart for the senators. Later, perhaps after 67 B. C., the first fourteen rows back of the orchestra were, by the law of Rosclus Otho, reserved at Rome for the, knights, says Art and Archaeology. Similar arrangements obtained in Ro man theaters outside of Rome, though in a provincial town like Pompeii as many as fourteen rows of seats can hardly/have been necessary for the wights. Augustus regulated the whole mat* tier, afresh.*, He' contained thesp6cla1 senator Things the Farmer Likes to Know FARM WISDOM. There is no reason why the farm home should not be Just as attractive as the city home. In arranging farmhouse plans those that are adapted to the city can easily be changed to suit farm needs. Make your wife's work shop as attractive and conven ient as any to be found any where. The inside of a modern dairy barn looks very different today from the inside of a dairy barn twenty years ago. We are be ginning to realize that sunshine is a necessary part of dairy sani tation. In fact, it is the princi pal factor. The time is rapidly approach ing when dairy products, the same as all other commodities used for food, will be paid for according to quality. The septic tank deserves a place on every farm. It is one means of bringing, city condi tions to the farm home. uieaus ui unugiiig,. city cuiiui- 4 tions to the farm home. ••••••••••••••••••••••a*** $ COVER CROPS ESSENTIAL A blanket of cover crops is needed Jja every orchard at least half the year. An old orchard on sloping land, which is inclined to grow heavy wood on the trees at the expense of fruit bear ing, needs a thick cover crop, such as common red or mammoth clover. In some successful orchards alfalfa has been used, and, though it is not gen erally regarded as a desirable orchard cover crop, there are instances where the alfalfa in an old orchard has been pastured by hogs and has proved an advantage for a year or two. It is then turned under and the orchard cul tivated clean for a couple of seasons, with winter cover crops of crimson clover or vetch. The barometer of the orchard condi tion is the growth of wood and the condition in which fruit is matured. If the cover crop is too heavy and is allowed to sap the ground of moisture in midsummer the fact will immediate ly be noted in slow maturing fruit and short growth on the terminal branches of the trees. Many old trees need to be checked in their growth of wood to make.them produce. The abundance of blossoms in an orchard is evidence that the heavy cover crop has had this effect.— Country Gentleman. Too great stress cannot be laid on the importance of plenty of fresh air in the poultry houses if the birds are to keep in good condition. ANCIENT ROMAN THEATERS. and to knights. He relegated the low est classes to the highest seats and made the women sit apart, likewise in the uppiermost places. It is possible that he was the sponsor also for the more exact regulations laid down con cerning places of honor for magis trates, priests, etc. The seats of highest honor were those on the tribunalia. Here the editor and the emperor sat on the right side. On the other tribunal the vestal virgins had their* places, and with them the empress. Declined With-Thanks. Beggar—Won't you give me, a- nickel for my starving wife sir? Pedestrian —Nothing doing. I'm mawied already. —Philadelphia Ledger. Just Turned It. r^How old- are you She-^I've Just 'twentyrthree. Her-Oh. I see— thfrtyAtwo.—Borit'on v^ajwfcany.otthem.:" LIVE STOCK ON THE FARM. How Loss a Grain Grower Turned a Into Substantial Profit. A number of years ago a North Da kota wheat farmer, whose exclusive grain growing had put him deep in debt, desired from his bank a loan of $1,000, writes J. C. McDowell in the Kansas Farmer. Except the horses there was no live stock—not a cow, a pig or even a chicken—on the place. The banker, a very shrewd business man, was able to analyze the problem and to discover the cause of the farm er's financial difficulties, and he agreed to make the loan only on condition that the borrower change ,his system of farming. The system outlined by the banker required that a portion of the loan should be used to purchase two cows, half a dozen pigs and a small flock of poultry. It also provided for a fair sized vegetable garden. Grain farming was to be continued as before. The banker figured that the live stock and the garden would, in poor as well as in good seasons, fully support the farmer's table. He figured that in poor years the farmer would be able to play even and that in the good, and even in the average year, the farm would produce enough to gradually wipe out the debt. The farmer reluctantly agreed to the banker's terms, received the loan and met the conditions. In five years he was out of debt and rated as a sub stantial and prosperous farmer and business man. To him farming had ceased to be a game of chance and had become a business. TO IMPROVE THE FRUIT. Thinning Advised For Those Who Want Product of High Quality. To many it is a waste of time and labor to thin fruit trees, but with few exceptions it should be done. When the tree bears a light crop little thin ning is necessary, but since most trees bear too much it is necessary to thin them to obtain fruit of proper quantity and quality. The purpose of thinning is to secure large, healthy, well flavored fruit in culling out the knotty, diseased, ill flavored ones. In order to prevent waste, feed the culls to hogs and poultry. Culling out can be gauged by no fast rule. It is seldom overdone since the fruit grows fast up to harvest time. It is best to pull each W9rmy and blight ed fruit. Such fruit will either drop from the tree before picking or prove worthless for storage or marketing. Thinking will also prevent good fruit from contamination. In addition, the remaining fruit has a greater chance of development because the tree is not called upon to, nourish those infested. The fruit produced from trees that have been thinned is of far superior quality.—American Agriculturist. CAPONS COUNT. The best capons are hatched in early spring and operated upon during early summer, before extremely hot weather begins, says the Country Gentleman. The birds are then ready for market during and after the holiday season. Cockerels of any breed can be made to increase in weight by being capon ized. The larger breeds will permit of much greater gains and are therefore more desirable. For the production of capons on the farm the Plymouth Rocks are among the best fowls to keep, since the females may be kept for eggs and all surplus cockerels ca ponlzed. .Tune and July are the best months for the work, because spring hatched chicks reach proper size then and also because birds caponized at this time ar rive at the proper age and weight for marketing at the season when there is the greatest demand and the best prices prevail. Profitable Feeding. As soon as the live stock farmer has made a good start the silo and paved feed lot must follow. The silo makes profits in every direction, and a paved lot permits the hogs to save 15 per cent of the corn fed to cattle above what they would save if fed in the usual mud lot, in addition to cattle comfort and manure saved. BACILLI STICKS TO FLY. The bacilli that cause decay are with the fly, end they clingy to him when he wanders over the baby's face and. hands or roosts upon the milk bottle.' Flies are the reason why the" undertaker keeps more than one white hearse..' Common Lodking People. In "The War Time Diary of John Hay" in Harper's Magazine is this rec ord of a famous saying:" "The president (Lincoln) tonight (Dec. 23, 1803) Md'a. dream. H&'tras In a party of plain people, and- as it became known who he was they- began to comment on I his appearance. One of them said, 'He is a 'very common looking man.'.. The president, replied: 'The -Lord prefers, common looking people.. Thftt is the treason he makes 4 matai's 'MMM New British Chief: of ^taff. London, May 3.—Major General Sir William Robert Robertson, quarter master general on the staff of Field Marshal Sir John French, with tempo rary rank of lieutenant general, has been promoted to be the chief of the Imperial general staff to succeed Ma jor General Sir Archibald James Mur ray. No explanation was given why Gen eral Murray is to be succeeded by Gen eral Robertson. Twice^in the present war General Murray has been men tioned In reports. In September Gen eral French spoke of him as having been one of those who had "worked day and night unceasingly, with the utmost skill, self sacrifice and devo tion." In October General French, again added him to his roll of honor. Sir William Robertson's work as quar termaster general of the British army Photo by American Press Association. 8ir William Robert Robertson, Who Succeeds General Murray. in the field was highly praised in a dispatch by Sir John Blench, who said that he "met what appeared to be al most insuperable difficulties with his characteristic energy, skill and deter mination." While Sir John, for the most part, has to consider the ground in front of him, Sir William Robertson has had to keep in touch not only with the ground covered by the expeditionary force, but with the centers of supply at home. He must know the lay of Ypres, but he must know a great deal about Birmingham and Manchester as well. To Take Census of New York. Albany, N. Y., May 4.—The census enumeration of New York state, about to begin, promises to be one of the largest and most extensive single sta tistical enterprises in the country. In no other state or group of states are there so many people to be enumerated, while the fact that the population is quite sparsely settled in certain parts makes the problem all the more diffi cult and expensive. Because the number and complexity of the interrogatories will be more ex tensive this year and a completion within the short space of two months set by the constitution is necessary, a large number of supervisors and enu merators, clerks and interpreters will be required. But the average person in this state has little knowledge of the tremendous amount of work which must be under taken under the. direction of the secre tary of state during the coming months. Already extensive preparations have been made in anticipation of the great task, which in its simplest phase in volves the-counting of, upward of the 11,000,000 of inhabitants now estimated to be in this state. Brooklyn's Biq Historical. Pageant. New York, May 5. Women have made possible „where men. frightened by the war, failed,_ and the great Brooklyn historical pageant is assured. A spectacular play comprising a dozen episodes depicting Brooklyn: history since the first settlement 300 years ago will be staged in the Twenty-third Regiment armory for three perform ances on Friday and Saturday, May 21 and 22! Martin H. Weyranch is the author. General .details. were settled at a meeting of the committed. Of the pro ceeds 75 per cent will go to Brooklyn charitiesjand the remainder to\vard the fund .-Which is being raised to* build a new home for themenagerie in Pros pect park l\wo thousand pronUnent Brooktynites and a: chorus, of 1,000 volcesfromtbeschoblswilltake part. Rapid:, work is being made In the se lectiojjji-of'tihbse wfco are to portray the principal historical characters. There will Henry -Hudson, prominent Dutch, ij!®tt&re: andtheyoung lovers in the Melrose Hall episode, who outwit ted seize George Washington. Washington and isra«5l lPutnam, tord. Stirling and others Will: be .represented*, in the Bat tle of Brooklyn. 7 Nl#*! Recoghixs Boy Scouts. Pittsburgh, May 4^Charlesr8. Hub* bardr.dteectorr ofrithr^«Bart»ent^pf public safety,- Issued an order that Pittsburgh policemen hereafter must recognize badges worn-by boy.^coiifs. The order resulted from a cbmplalnt received by the director that a man claiming to be a patrolman had inter-, fered with Harry Stein, a boy scout, when the, latter was trying to give first aid to a little girl who had rushed from her home with her clothing in flames as the boy was passing. The girl later died, Rockefeller Lake Drys Up. Tarrytown, N. Y.", May 3.—John D. Rockefeller has spent $200,000 4n mak ing a lake on the Buttermilk hill sec tion of his Pocaitico Hills estate.: Twice within the last six months:, the bowl has been filled, and both times the water has disappeared over night, leaving a dry, sandy bottom: The disappearance of the water was a mystery to Mr. Rockefeller .until some of his workipen discovered quick sand in the bed of. the,lake. It is said that Mr. Rockefeller will spend andth er $200,006 :if necessary to overcome the difficulty: A year ago an .artificial lake near the Bedford road on Mr. Rockefeller's estate disappeared oyer night. He is greatly interested in, the work on.the Buttermilk Hill lake, even neglecting his golf to oversee it He spends much of the day there and rideS home in an automobile truck when the men quit work at night. American College Conference. Meadville, PaM May. 4.—Educational leaders from all pkrts of the country will gather at the centennial celebra tion of Allegheny college here in June to discu&s college matters, among which will- be a plan for the standard ization of courses of study. The pro gram for the conference will be devot ed to, the ideals and achievements of the American college, what enters into its curttculum, its place in education and. its_ future. Sessions will begin 2 2 Among the speakers will be the Rev. Dr. William H. Crawford, president of Allegheny college Abraham W. Harris, president of Northwestern university Dean Charles. H. Haskins of Harvard universit^rProyost Edgar Smith of Pennsylvania, university Joftn H. Fin ley, commissioner of education of New York state and ex-president 6f the Col lege of the City of Netv York W. H. P. Faunce, president of Brown university P. P. Claxton, United States, commis sioner of education Charles F. Thwing, president., of Western. Reserve univer sity Professor Alexander Meiklejohn, president of Abherst college, and Henry C. King, president of Oberlin college. He Advocates Safety. Washington, May 3.—Charles C. Mc Chord, newly elected chairman, of the interstate commerce commission, brings to his new office the knowledge of affairs gained from a wide field of personal and official experience. Pre vious to becoming a member of. that body four years ago he had twelve years' active experience as railroad commissioner of Kentucky. Soon after admission to the bar of Kentucky he was elected prosecuting attorney of Washington county and was twice re-elected. During his en tire twelve years' service on the Ken tucky railroad commission he was its chairman. The associated railroad, commission ers of the United States twice elected him president of that body. He carried through to enactment his bill conferring upon the Kentucky Photo by. American Press Association. Charles. C.McChord, Chairman ,of this I nterstate Commerce Comm isaiori. commission authority /and power to» regulator therailroadsoif -tiiatstatei: Thl,8» w'a«: at a. time WKfen .the~un precedeutedr excitement ex&tecl :. tav and• pagston Keiitueky, which resulted: in the«ssas$iB^ and.¥dreea*:the.legiste its sit^^-fr^m'Frankfort to-Xouis- Slnce^heh^ the interstatVcoimmei^commission he has reorganized and systematizedthesafe ty work of the" commission Into wfe&t is now. known as the division pft safety, all ofrwlioife.Wdrk has beett ttnder .M* sup^is'K' '1 Prettiest Vassar Girl. Poughkeepsie, N. Y., May 3.—Mis^ Julia Anita Parker of Hyde Park wa||J voted the prettiest girl In the sopho more class' of Vassar college when" she was chosen as the grand marshal ol the bevy of tw enty-six girls who will carry.the daisy chain at commence ment exercises June 8. Miss Parker is tall and athletic, has dark hair and brown eyes and an olive complexion. This is the first time that the bru nette type of beauty has been favored in selecting a grand marshal. The twenty-four chosen to carry the daisy chain are: Madeline Hunt, Brookline, Mass. Eloise Cummings, Pittsburgh Katharine Mac Afee, Chicago Margaret Hackney, Johns town Marion Serrle, Lockport Philina Marshall, Philadelphia Jane Lyday. De troit Anna Goodenow, Jamaica Plain, Maes. Anne Gardner, Mount Vernon An nabel le McEldowney, Pittsburgh Joseph ine Tailor, Englewood, N. J. Dorothy Danforth, St. Louis Dorothy, Smith, Wallkill Katharine Tilt, Chicago Doro thy Carter, Huntington, N. Y. Dori8 Drummer, Hamburg Helen Moore Prince ton- N. J. Margaret Buflum, East Hamp ton, Mass. Anne Smith, Memphis, Tenn.j Laura Stilson, Cortland Dorothy Copen« haver, Washington Rachel Beyner, Sa vannah Alice Macllray, Tarry town. Great Land Opening. Washington, May 3.—President Wil son has approved the opening to set tlement of thousands of acres in the Standing Rock Indian reservation in North and South Dakota, under the homestead laws. After the two states' have made selections to which they are entitled, there will remain 39,000 acres in North Dakota and 47,000 acres in South Dakota subject to entry. Applications will be received at Tim ber Lake, S. D., and Bismarck, rf. D., after May 3 and allowed on May 19 in the absence of conflicts. New World's Center. Washington, May 3.—Confidence in a speedy return to normal business con ditions was expressed by W. P. G. Harding, member of the federal reserve board. Mr. Harding also predicted that the war in Europe would make New York the world's financial center. "In some of the federal reserve dis tricts, particularly in the west," said Mr. Harding, "business conditions al ready are normal, and the federal re serve banks are having few applica tions for rediscounts. Business is also becoming normal in the south. The advance in the price of cotton is bound to be. a wonderful stimulus to general business Conditions in the south, but it is to be Tioped that southern farmers will not be carried away by this ad vance and plant another large crop. They, should be very conservative in cotton acreage and should materially increase their acreage of food crops." Soldiers Can't See Wives. Paris, May 3. A habit developed by French wives of visiting their sol dier husbands at the front has led General Joffre to prohibit such visits and warn the husbands of punishment for their wives' disregard of "this or der. The perseverance of the wives in eluding the military guards is re markable in that it is very difficult for any noncombatant to get to the French lines, even the official war correspond ents being allowed to go there only for very brief periods. The following order was issued by the Commander of one infantry regiment: Every married man has the duty, as required by civil law. to strive for the obedience of his wife. Therefore every married soldier must be in a position to prevent his wife from visiting him. The worse for the married men if they have not sufficient authority over their wives to enforce the obedience demanded by the civil law. Therefore tliey are to be made responsible for the obedience of their wives. If in former times a mar ket .woman succeeded in getting into the army, inasmuch as it was not possible to throw her Jnto prison, her husband was Imprisoned instead, since he was made responsible for the poor military training of his wife. That method was not so foolish as it appears to be at first glance, and it will be applied again in such cases as occur. President May See Arizona Launched. New York, May 5.—The new super Dreadnought Arizona, of which more than 53 per cent has been completed at the navy yard in Brooklyn, will be launched early in June, and as soon as she takes the water preparations will begin for the laying of the keel of the still greater super-Dreadnought California, which also is to be built at the navy yard. Contracts for the ma terials to be used in the construction of the California are now being let. The launching of the Arizona. Is ex pected to prove one of the greatest na val celebrations in the history of New York. The time selected for the great ship to take her plunge into the East river is onie when the entire Atlantic fleet will be in New York waters, mak ing it possible for 25,000 officers and men of that organization to witness the ceremony. President ^Wilson will bte urged to go to Brooklyn for the launching^ If he does he will be the first president to witness a battleship launching in New York in the last ten Iteiars. The'Ari»na will be the fourth of th& great battleships built in the Kew York yard to be launched, the. others haying Jbeen the old flagship Connect!* cut,, the Dreadnought Florida and the super-Dreadnought New York, the "last named, the new flagship of the Atlan tic- fleet. When- she goes overboard She probably will be about G5 per cent completed, which Indicates that it will he early in the spring of 1916 before ahe"is ready to take her place, ain a unit of the first super-Dreadnought di tla|on ot the Atlanttc fleet Her sister wasvlauffched. a 1 1 f!