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BIG INDUCEMENTS TO HOMESEEKERS Large Amount of Excellent Land Still May Be Secured at Reasonable Prices. GOPHER STATE INVITES YOU! The state of Minnesota occupies a central position on the American con tinent, and forms the watershed which turns the floodwaters into the Hudson hay, the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Gulf of Mexico. It covers a distance of 450 miles from north to south, at extreme points, and 354 miles from east to west containing an area of 84,286.53 square miles, or 53,943,378.24 acres, of which 3,508,119 are water. The soil varies quite widely in char acter, but a very large percentage of it is capable of high agricultural de velopment. Rocky ledges or moun tainous districts, in this state, are con fined to a very small area. And white the state had originally quite a large acreage of swamp lands, much of this is easily drained and is being rapidly brought under subjugation. There are 155,759 farms in the state, containing an average of 177 acres per farm, aggregating 27,623,000 acres in all. This refers to land which has actually been converted into farms. The recent census, taken by the federal government, shows that the total acreage cultivated in Min nesota is 19,609,000 acres. The area taken up by farms in the state is not confined to any one district, but is scattered over different portions of Its surface although the area con tained in the southern portion of the state which received the earliest set tlement has been nearly all converted Into farms. In the southern portion, lands can be purchased for from $40 to $100 per acre. In the northwest, better known as the "Red River Valley," at from $30 to $65 per acre. In the northeast, at from $20 to $65 per acre although they go much higher in certain locali ties, when influenced by close prox imity to cities. FEDERAL OR HOMESTEAD LANDS. There are approximately 1,500,000 acres of land in the state of Minneso ta now open for homestead entry under the control of three United States government land offices, locat ed at Crookston, Cass Lake and Du luth, from which information can be secured. This does not include the lands reserved for parks, game pre serves, timber or other purposes. These lands are mostly in the north ern counties, and are being rapidly taken up under the homestead laws. Generally speaking, they are covered with a growth of timber, varying in density and quality but the mer chantable pine, if there were any, has been removed. A large percentage of these lands are ceded Chippewa Indian lands, and are sold by the government at $1.25 per acre, payable in five equal annual Installments, but subject to the home stead laws, which require five years' residence on the land and certain Im provements. If the settler desires to commute his entry he may do so after a residence of fourteen months by paying an additional $1.25 per acre. In either case the residence must be a bona fide one. Certain of these lands may be taken under the "stone and timber" act, which requires a payment of $2.50 per acre but a showing must be made that the land is more valuable for stone and timber than for agricul tural purposes. 8TATE LAND8. The state of Minnesota still owns approximately 2,800,600 acres of land, a percentage of which is offered for sale each year, at public auction, by the state auditor, at the county seats la the counties in which the land Is looated. The laws of the state of Minnesota provide that this land cannot be sold at less than $5 per acre neither can it be sold for less than the appraised value, which is usually quite liberal when compared with the actual value of the land. Fifteen per cent of the purchase price must be paid in cash at the date of sale the balance may run forty years at 4 per cent interest. There are no requirements for set tlement or improvement on these lands, but the interest on deferred pay ments must be paid in advance, from the date of sale to the following June. The revenues from the sale of these lands go to the different public school funds, and the principal must be kept intact for the use of future genera tions. The aggregate amount of these dif ferent funds has already reached up wards of $25,000,000, and it is expect ed that the amount realized from the sale of the remaining lands and royal ties on iron ore owned by the state will ultimately reach $200,000,000. One person may purchase any amount of land, from 40 to 320 acres but the mineral rights on state lands are reserved by the state, and can not be secured by any one. No im provements of any character have been made on either government or state lands. The state lands remain ing are largely covered with a growth of timber o§ brush. The appraised valuation of the land is from $5 to $10 per acre and the average selling price on over 100,000 acres sold in 1911 was $6.62 per acre. WILD LANDS. In speaking of "Wild Lands" in Min nesota we are referring to lands which have gone into the hands of railroad corporations, private corpo rations and individual ownership. For many years large portions of these lands were withheld from settlement. But recently they are being placed on the market. It is estimated that there are 15,000,000 acres of lands of this class, which can be purchased at low prices and on easy terms. They are prairie lands, "cutover" timber lands, brush lands, and mixed prairie and timber. A large percentage of these lands are in the northern coun ties. Prices on these lands range from $5 to $15 per acre, according to quality and proximity to market. *$* 4. MINNESOTA STATE FAIR 4* IS COUNTRY'S GREATEST. 4 4* 41 4* The Minnesota state fair 4* 4* should properly be classed 4* among the most important ed- 4« 4* ucational institutions of the 4* state. This is the largest state 4* fair in the United States in the 4* 4* scope of exhibits and in at- 4* 4* tendance. Each September 4* 4* the Minnesota state fair gives 4* 4* a remarkable exhibition of the 4* 4* varied resources of the state, 4* 4* and the prospective homeseek- 4« 4« er should find a visit to this 4* 4* exposition a great pleasure 4« 4* and also an opportunity to 4* 4* gain a fair insight into agri- 4* 4* cultural conditions in the 4 4* Northwest. 4* MINNESOTA FRUIT GROWING North Star State the Home of the "Wealthy Apple." Horticultural^ Minnesota is a most inviting state. Splendid market fa cilities for all produce grown, an ideal soil and available sites beckon the trucker or fruit grower who wants to conduct a business that is extreme ly profitable. Yet each year thou sands of persons .are walking away from Minnesota's golden opportunities, seduced by flattering promises in other climes. Minnesota is the home of the "Wealthy" apple—now grown around the world and universally regarded as a high quality fruit. Many other fruits have been originated in Min nesota and the Northwest that com pare with it in flavor and hardiness. Last year the one county of Fillmore shipped out eighty carloads of ap ples. This year it is estimated that the district lying about Lake Minne tonka will ship out about 30,000 bar* rels. In several localities thriving fruit growers' associations have been form ed to handle the crops of small fruits. Ther have done exceedingly wall. COOK COUNTY NEWS-HERAU), GRAND MARAIS, MINN. MINNESOTA MARKETS AND TRANSPORTATION State Well Provided With These Very Important Factors. The state of Minnesota is well sup plied with all manner of transporta tion facilities. There are at this time over 9,000 miles of railroad in the state, or a little more than one-tenth of a mile of railroad to each section of land. St. Paul and Minneapolis and Duluth-Superior, the gateways to the Northwest, are the centers from which radiate railroad lines to all sec tions of the country, including four transcontinental lines to the Pacific coast. To the north the railroad lines branch out into the Northwest and Canada to the east the railroads lead to Chicago and the Eastern markets to the south are found the Corn Belt states and Kansas City and St. Louis to the southwest Sioux Falls, Sioux City, Council Bluffs and Omaha. An important feature of transporta tion in Minnesota is the fact that Du luth, the third largest city of the state, is located at the head of Lake Superi or, which gives the entire state the benefit of water transportation to and from the Eastern markets. The grain from the Western prairies, iron ore from the iron ranges in Northern Min nesota, and the lumber from Minne sota forests are shipped to the East ern markets through the ports of Du luth and Superior, and the returning boats carry back coal and other East ern products used in the Northwest. There are 85,000 miles of wagon roads in Minnesota, 15,000 miles of which have been designated as state roads upon which state money is being expended yearly in large sums. The present demand for good roads in Min nesota and the effective co-operation of the state will be the means of soon providing Minnesota with as good a system of rural roads as can be found in any state in the Union. MINNESOTA MARKETS. The question of a profitable market for agricultural products'is exceeding ly important to the man who farms. Minnesota is fortunate in possess ing good agricultural markets and is especially fortunate in its local mar kets. Minneapolis, the largest city of the state, has a population of about 350,000. This city is headquarters for the great milling industry of the country, being the ultimate destina tion for much of the wheat raised on Northwestern prairies. In addition to the milling industry, Minneapolis has nearly 1,200 manufacturing establish ments and is the distributing point for all manner of manufactured goods, in cluding most of the agricultural im plements sent out through the North west and Canada. St. Paul, the capital of the state, has a population of 235,000 and is the principal wholesale and jobbing cen ter of the Northwest. The ten lines of railroad radiating from St. Paul, and the fact that this city is the head Df navigation on the Mississippi river, indicate why the Twin Cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis will eventually become one of the largest urban cen ters of the country. The Equity Co operative Exchange, a farmers' organ ization, has headquarters in St. Paul. It acts as selling agent for thousands of Northwestern farmers and is erect ing a mammoth terminal elevator on the Mississippi at St. Paul. The live stock yards at South St. Paul form one of the largest primary markets for live stock in the country, being the desti nation for a large proportion of the range stock £rom the extreme West, in addition to the immense local live stock holdings. Duluth, the third largest city in Minnesota, is growing very «rapidly, owing to its location at the head of navigation of the Great Lakes, the development of the iron ore industry in the northern part of the state, and other causes. Through the Twin Ports of Duluth and Superior (Wisconsin) is shipped practically two-thirds or the Iron ore mined In the United States each year. In addition to the three large cities of the state Minnesota has many sec ondary cities which furnish Important home markets for farm products. MINNESOTA DEATH RATE LOW Climate Conceded to Be One of Most Healthful in United States. The general climate of Minnesota is conceded to be one of the most healthful to be found in the United States, this fact being verified by vital statistics over many years. Summer weather in Minnesota is usually very delightful, owing to the absence of that humidity characteristic of the climate further south and east. Min nesota is one of the principal summer resort states of the country, and the 10,000 lakes in the state offer every attraction to the lover of outdoor life. Minnesota is one of the few states of the Union where it is possible for the farmer to own his own summer resort. The average rainfall in the state ranges from twenty-seven inches iri the western part of the state, to thir t3r inches in the eastern portions of the state. United States weather bu reau observations for a period of sev enty-five years show the general av erage precipitation at Twin City points to be 27.49 inches, while the average precipitation in the growing months (May to August) for the same period of time is 14.24 inches. Minnesota is classed with the other Mississippi Valley states, as being lo cated in the section where the rain fall can be depended upon year in and year out, and most of the annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. MINNESOTA FINE FOR UVE STOCK RAISING Minnesota is particularly adapted for the rearing of live stock. The combination of live stock and general farming offers, the best means of utilizing the crops which can here be grown in such abundance. This kind of farming also affords the highest cash returns on the investment and keeps the land in the highest state of fertility. Live stock farming is especially de sirable in the early stages of farming in a timbered section. The brush, or cutover, land can be utilized for pas ture quite as readily as can the open prairies, and a revenue is thus ob tained that otherwise is wasted. The .iairv cow will make quite as many pounds of milk on the $10 an acre stump pasture as she will on $200 an acre prairie land. Live stock can also be pastured on this stump land and it will help to clear the land and pay living expenses from the beginning. The pasture season in Minnesota is usually longer than it is in Iowa and Illinois. There are no summer drouths here such as are •xperienced farther south and lush pasture exists from early spring until snow flies in the fall. Pasture is usually available about May 1, and it is not at all un common to have a continuance of green feed until Nov. 1. This long pasture season is a great asset in stock feeding. Good tame pasture in Minnesota will support a cow or steer to the acre, something possible in but few localities. The climate and. soil conditions in Minnesota are well suited to the pro duction of live stock. A number of the most noted herds of pure bred stock, including the famous Meadow lawn Shorthorn cattle which for years have been grand champions at the In ternational Live Stock Exposition, are products of this state. Ringmaster, the most noted Shorthorn bull ever produced in this country and valued at over $15,000, is a product of Stearns county. 4*4*4,4*4*4*4,4, 4*4*4*4,4,4*4*4* 4* MINNE80TA BUTTER 4* e|* 4* BE8T IN THE WORLD. 4- .J. 4* Minnesota has 852 creamer- 4* •fr ies, of which 614 are co-opera- 4* tive and 238 individual, and in 4* 4* addition seventy cheese facto- 4* 4* ries. The creamery condition 4* 4* in Minnesota is healthy and 4* 4* continually growing. There 4* 4* are a million cattle upon a 4* 4» thousand hills with crystal 4* 4 rivers and lakes without 4* 4* number. No wonder we make 4* 4* the best butter In the world. 4* 4» 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4» 4 EDUCATIONAL FUND OVER $22,000,000 Minnesota Sttool System Is EiceM to Noil. The citizens of Minnesota possess one of the best educational systems in the country. The state has a per manent educational fund of over $22, 000,000, accumulated from the sale of school lands and from the leasing of forested or iron ore lands which are retained for the benefit of future gen erations. This enormous school fund is constantly increasing, and it is es timated that within a very few years it will be unnecessary to levy any taxes for the maintenance of the pub lic schools of the state. The most prominent educational in stitution in Minnesota is the state uni versity, one of the largest institutions of its kind in the United States, and ranking among the great universities of the country. All of the usual uni versity courses are offered at this institution and afford an opportunity for advanced education at minimum expense. The state university is lo cated at Minneapolis. The Minnesota Agricultural School and Experiment Station is maintained as one of the departments of the university, but has separate quarters and a large ex periment farm in connection, on the outskirts of St. Paul. The agricultur al school has devoted much attention to the origination and dissemination of new and improved types of farm plants, notably wheat, flax and barley. The experiment station, connected with the college, has done much in the investigation of dairy problems. For the majority of people who do not find it possible to attend the uni versity or the agricultural school ex tension departments of both institu tions are maintained, which depart ments take the college and university work direct to the people of the state by means of university lecture courses, correspondence courses, schoolroom short courses, farmers' institutes and other modern and progressive lines of extension work. Minnesota has taken an advanced stand in agricultural education in the common schools of the state. Over 100 high schools now receive liberal state aid for the carrying on of agri cultural education and industrial training. In the rural sections of the state a' general plan is now under way for the consolidated system of schools, which will eventually do away with the isolated and inefficient rural school. In addition to the state institutions of learning there are also many private colleges and denominational institutions which have records of great usefulness. 4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4* 4* 4« 4* 4 4- 4* 4» 4 4* 4* 4 4* 4 4- 4 4- 4 4- 4* 4. 126.96.36.199,188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11. MINNESOTA HAS MANY RELIGIOUS ADVANTAGES. Practically all church de nominations are represented in the rural sections of Minne sota. In some of the older sections of the state coloniza tion of certain districts has been carried on by some of the different denominations, but in the newer sections of the state virtually all denomina tions are 'represented and in nearly every community the farmer can find such religious advantages as he may desire. MINNESOTA GOOD CORN STATE. Corn growing is now a possibility in every county in Minnesota. Rec ord yields of ninety bushels of shelled corn have been authentically reported from Beltrami and Aitkin counties in the north and twenty-five to forty bushels are common yields in various sections of Northern Minnesota. In Southern and Central Minnesota corn is as common and productive as it is la the so called corn belt MINNESOTA MANUFACTURES State Ranks Twelfth in Value of Fac tory Products. The overshadowing importance of its agricultural industries has ob scured the really remarkable growth of manufactures in Minnesota. Al though the nineteenth state in the or der of its admission to the Union and the nineteenth in population, Minne sota ranks twelfth in the value of its manufactures. Among the manufactures which are extensively carried on in Minnesota are lumber, flour, books and other printed matter, boots and shoes, cloth ing of every kind and grade, canned goods, drain tile, sewer pipe, earthen ware, furs, hats and caps, leather goods, macaroni, spaghetti, vermicelli, meats and paper. The following table of manufactures in Minnesota is taken from the United States census bu reau statistics: Number of establishments 5,562 Capital $275,416,000 Cost of materials used... 281,622,000 Salaries and wages 62,122,000 Miscellaneous expenses .. 31,517,000 Value of products 409,420,000 Value added by manufac ture (products less cost of materials) 127,798,000 Number of salaried officials and clerks 14,263 Average number of wage earn ers employed during year.. 84,768 Primary horsepower 297,670 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4* 4* 4 4- 4 4- 4* 4* 4» 4* 4 4* 4 4* MINNESOTA LAND PRICES COMPARATIVELY LOW. In 1914 the average value of land in Minnesota was $46 per acre in Iowa it was $95.96 per acre, and in Illinois $108.13, more than twice as much, in each case, as in Minnesota. As these prices 160 acres—which in Iowa would cost $15,360 and in Illinois $17,280—could be bought in Minnesota for $7,360. MINNESOTA IS PROSPEROUS This Is Shown in Number of Banks and Aggregate Deposits. During the last decade Minnesota's banking business has grown very rapidly. This is shown both in the increase in the number of banks and in the rapid expansion of bank re sources. At the present time the na tional bank resources of Minnesota represent one-fortieth of all the na tional bank resources in the United States. Similarly the deposits in Min nesota national banks represent more than one-thirty-flfth of the total depos its in all the national banks of the United States. This rapid growth has not taken place at the expense of stability or safety in Minnesota banking business. Failures are practically unknown. This condition of safety Is to be ex plained partly in the nature of Minne sota banking business and partly in the methods of supervision. All the banks are examined at least twice a year. Published statements, that are authoritative regarding the resources and liabilities of any bank, enable the public to watch its development and general condition from time to time. DO YOU KNOW THAT— Minnesota leads in the production of white pine. Minnesota has 9,303 flour mills, with a daily capacity of 165,715 bar rels of flour. During the year over 3,000,000 head of live stock were received at the South St. Paul stock yards. The average temperature in Min nesota is 42 degrees the average pre cipitation is 27.49 inches. MINNESOTA NEAR TOP AS PO TATO GROWING STATE. Minnesota is one of the important potato producing states of the Union. According to United States govern ment reports the average area in po tatoes during the last ten years was over 900,000 acres. Minnesota ranks between seventh and eleventh in total production as compared with the other states.