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EVENTS ill SHORT FORM BEST OF THE NEWS BOILED DOWN TO LIMIT. ARRANGED FOR BUSY PEOPLE Notes Covering Most Important Hap penings of the World Compiled In Briefest and Most Succinct Form for Quick Consumption. European War News The American oil steamer Communi paw has been sunk by a submarine in the Mediterranean, near Tobruk, Tri poli. no information has been re ceived at Rome concerning the crew or the nationality of the submarine. Cruiser Des Moines reported to Washington an Austrian submarine had fired on the American ship Petroi ite, in the lediterranean, wounding one man aboard. Two Uritish envoys have been taken off Greek steamers by Teuton subma rines. Col. H. D. Napier, late British attache at Sofia, and Capt. Arthur Stanley Wilson, member of parlia ment, are the men captured, accord ing to reports to London. A campaign to drive into the sea the British-Indian force that was rout ed near Bagdad has been begun by the Turks. Hundreds of British offi cers and troops are being capturcd by the Turks in their chase after the British into Kut-el-Amara, says Berlin. Simultaneously with an announce ment at Berlin that the Montenegrin town of Ipek had been captured, the war offlce stated that the French troops in southern Serbia had been forced to retreat. According to estimates from Ger man sources, the central powers lost only 7.000 men in the Serbian cam paign. says a dispatch from Buchar est. Word has been received at Buenos Aires that a Rritish cruiser has cap tured the steamer Winnebago, a Brit ish cruiser -japtured on board the steamer Vauban a German officer who. it is alleged, was involved in cer tain affairs in the United States. Capture of another British ammu nition vessel on the Tigris by the Turks, in following up the British re treat from near Bagdad, is reported by the Turkish war office at Constantino ple. General Trombi of the Italian array has fallen in the fierce fighting Defore Goritz. His death is announced at Home in an official bulletin. The Turkish torpedo-ooat destroyer Yar Hissar has been sunk in the Sea of Marmora by a British submarine, it was announced in a British official statement at London. A supply steam er and four sailing vessels also were destroyed. Retreating Serbian troops have been overtaken and defeated near the Al banian border by the Bulgarians, the war offlce announced. More than one hundred cannon were taken The oc cupation of Monastir by Germans and Bulgarians is officially confirmed at Berlin A German commander of a division has been captured by the Russians in the fighting southwest of Pinsk, it was officially admitted at Berlin. A Central News dispatch to London from Bucharest states that the Aus trians have evacuated Lemberg ow ing to an epidemic of scurvy. Ac cording to this dispatch the victims number 200 fresh cases daily. The Turkish war office announced at Constantinople that in the fighting at the Dardanelles a cruiser of the allies had been hit three times and forced to retira. Domestic St. Louis was selected as the next meeting place of the next Democratic national convention, which will con vene in 1916. Pleas for co-operation of all factions featured the session of the Democratic national committee held at Washington Democratic com mitteemen were told Chicago will be given the Republican convention. Denominational lines will be erad icated partially in rural districts, ac cording to plant, for a nation wide campaign which is being formulated by the Commission on Church and Country Life whose meeting opened at Columbus. O. Farmers' bank of Cutler, Perry coun ty. Illinois, a private institution with deposits aggregating $185,000, failed to open for business. The officers de clare that business has been suspend ed pending negotiations for a large loaa. William Jennings Bryan has *een served in New York with an order signed by Justice Giegericb requiring him to appear i'or examination regard ing the transaction connected with the sale by the U. S. to Groove of two JmttiUtkm. A severe earthquake shock lasting ten to fifteen seconds was felt at Cairo, 111. No damage wa_* reported. Accord ing co the weatuer oureau ecords, the shock lasted fifteen to twenty seconds. The honor system among the con victs in the penitentiar- at Joliet, 111., is doomed. Warden Zimmer believes the system pernicious and will enforce what he calls the "merit rule." United State Attorney Snowden Marshall declared at New York that Franz von Rintelen. the German agest accused of coming to this country to incite strikes in munition factories, armed with a large corruption fund, was "double-crossed" by the labor men he tried to corrupt. Marshall gave the major credit for Rintelen's failure to the stand taken by high officials in labor organizations. Germany is making great purchases of copper, cotton, wool, lard, wheat, farm machinery and other products in the markets of the United States it was learned at Chicago. The products are being bought subject to delivery in Germany, "sixty days after the war ends." or "on order." Five additional indictments were re turned at New York against Robert Fay, Walter Scholz, Max Breitung. Dr. Herbert Kienzle. Englebert Bronkhorst and Paul Daeche. All were charged with conspiracy to commit murder to commit assault with deadly weapons and to destroy ships. Company returned to Rhinelander. Wis., after the three bandits wbo shot two deputy sheri made their escape from the marsh in which they had been biding or two days. The good ship Oscar II, with Henry Ford's peace pilgrims aboard, set sail from New York for blood-stained Eu rope. Cheers and tears flooded Ho boken's water front. William Jennings Bryan stood on the end of the thronged dock waving a red rose and murmur ing "God bless you." One hundred thousand dollars was the estimated fire loss sustained when the Stevens block was destroyed at Maquoketa, la. Carrol Phillips, a fire man, is in the hospital with injuries. The name of Woodrow Wilson as a candidate for the Democratic presi dential nomination was filed at Lin coln, Neb., to be placed on the Ne braska primary ba'lot in 1916. Damages estimated at $300,000 re sulted at St. Paul by fire which swept the buildings of F. J. Leslie & Co., wholesale paper dealers, and Barrett ft Barrett, wholesale vinegar and glassware house. Washington Secretary Lansing of the state de partment at Washington replied to Germany's request for America's rea sons asking the recall of Captains Boy Ed and Von Papen. The reply said merely each attache was persona non grata because of his naval and mili tary activities. The Susan B. Anthony amendment was introduced again in the bouse at Washington by Representative Mon dell of Wyoming. Uncle Sam will need more than a billion and a quarter dollars to cover the expenditures he expects to make in the fiscal year ending June 30. 1317. according to estimates submitted to congress at Washington by Secretary McAdoo of the treasury department. The estimates call for a total of $1, 28S.857.808.16. Maj. Gen. George W. Goethals has made an exhaustive report to Secre tary Garrison at Washington on the slides in the Panama canal. He be lieves the limit of the present move ment has been reached. The wedding of President Wilson and Mrs. Norman Gait las been set for December 18, it was announced at the White House at Washington. Senator Clarke of Arkansas was elected president pro tem. of the sen ate at Washington by a vote of 28 to 23. Clarke was elected in the caucus of senate Democrats *»fter more than two hours of continuous balloting. Mexican Revolt Typhus fever has grown to such alarming proportions in Mexico City as to terrify the entire population. The deaths from the disease now exceed 130 a day. Personal Hear Admiral Nicoll Ludlow, U. S. N., retired, is in a serious condition at bis hotel as a result of an attack of apoplexy suffered in New York. According to a cable from Bourne mouth. England, received at Newport. R. 1.. Mrs. Francis Ormond French, mother of Mrs. Elsio Vanderbilt, is dead. Foreign Three outbreaks by rebels have been put down by the authorities at Shang hai. who apparently have the situation well in hand. The cruiser Chao-Ho was abandoned by the rebels after it had been shelled and set on tire. Destruction of a large ammunition factory at Halle, Prussian Saxony, by an explosion, with the loss ot seveial bundred lives, is reported In a mes sage from Kolding, Denmark, to Co P«B**gea. COOK COUNTY NEWS-HERAtD, BRAND MARAIS, MINN. ALLIES ARE BEING DRIVER BACK UPON GREEK FRONTIER BRITISH LINES ARE GRADUALLY FALLING BACK BEFORE SUPE RIOR STRENGTH OF THE BULGARIANS. ALLIES MUST NOT ABANDON BASE, SAYS FRENCH GENERAL To the Force at Saloniki Must Be Added 100,000 British Troops Now at Dardanelles, Who Are in Dan ger of Being Hurled Into the Sea. London, Dec. 11.—Defeat of the Brit ish expeditionary forces west of Lake Dorian, on the Greek border, was ad mitted in a war office statement. Paris, Dee. 11.—The Allies are fight ing valiantly oa both banns of the Vardar, are repulsing all attacks and are holding the enemy while rein forcements are arriving methodically. Whatever is the result of the Vardar fignUng the Allies must not abandon' Salonika The moral, political and military consequences of 6uch action: would be disastrous, while it would render Italia* and Roumanian co-oper ation in the Balkans impossible, just when it is about to begin. To Strengthen Saloniki. The question is whether the Allies can gain time to strengthen their base at Saloniki. One hundred and fifty thousand troops are not enough for this purpose. To that force must be added the 100,000 British now at the Dardanelles. This army has ninety nine chances out of 100 of being hurl ed into the sea within two or three months if it does not evacuate the Gallipoli peninsula. With the Serbian army of 200,000 still existing and 50,000 Italians, to say nothing of the Russians and 350, 000 Franco-British at Saloniki, we can prevent Germany from profiting from the occupation ef Serbia and prepare for a vigorous offensive across Mace donia. British Retire Before Bulgars. London, Dec. II. A dispatch to Reuters' Telegram company from Brit ish headquarters in Macedonia says: "The Bulgarian attacks during the last two or three days have been more serious than were originally report ed. The Bulgarians show constantly increasing strength and seem to be well supplied with artillery, which keeps up a constant fire. "Like the Germans, the' Bulgarians deluge their objective with shell fire before attacking with infantry. Do Not Want to Fight Allies. "The British lines have engaged the principal share of their attention and before the superior strength of the enemy our outposts are gradually falling back to the main positions. Some hand to hand fighting lias oc* curred. "The few Bulgarian prisoners tak en declare they have no wish to fight against the Entente allies, but are anxious to meet the Greeks and wipe out old scores. "As the lines of the Entente allies contract upon the Gfceek frontier the problem of the attitude of the Greek government becomes more and more acute. "The French withdrawal to Oemir Kaput was most orderly. They brought away even their stores of hay and forage." VILLA BEATEN AT FRONTERAS Three Hundred KiMed and Remainder of Forces Dispersed by Carranza Troops. Douglas, Ariz., Dec. 11. Three hundred Villa soldiers were killed, a hundred taken prisoners, and the remainder of the forces under Gen eral Jose Rodiguez dispersed, five, miles north of Fronteras when Gen eral P. Elias Calles rushed in from the south to the rescue of the be leagued Carranza detachment under General Angel Flores, according to reports received here. BAN ON DYESTUFFS IS LIFTED Britain to Permit Exportation From Germany of Material to Supply American Industries. Washington, Dec. 11.—Great Britain has announced its willingness to per mit exportation from Germany of suf ficient dyestuffs to supply the immedi ate needs of American industries. Ne gotiations with Germany based upon this assurance, it was learned, have been begun informally by the state de partment. Dyers Fight Logwood Embargo. Paterson, N. J., Dec. 11.—Aroused by the seriousness of the dye situa tion brought about by the placing an embargo by Great Britain on log wood, the principal ingredient in th dyeing of all black silks, representa tives from every silk dyeing corrcer In this city left for Washington wher they will confer with Secretary Lar. sing at once. They will urge tfc.« steps be takea by the American vox ernment to have England removt this embargo. MINNESOTA COLLEGE OF AGRI CULTURE PREPARING FOR ATTENDANCE OF 1,500. PROVIDES FOR LECTURES Program Expected to interest Dele gates From Cities as Well as From Country—Conference of Farm ers' Clubs Planned. St. Paul. The Minnesota College Df Agriculture is making preparations for an attendance of from 1,200 to 1,500 at Farmers' and Home-Makers' Week to be held at University farm, St. Paul, Jan. 3-8, 1916. This week, as it is called, is in fact, expected to become a great annual rural-life school and conference, and on the home makers' side it is expected to inter est not only the women of the coun try, but the women of the city as well. Farmers' program for this year pro vides for lectures and demonstrations in dairy and animal husbandry farm crops, farm management, and soils agricultural engineering, diseases of farm animals, horticulture, botany and Insect pests, poultry and bees. The home-makers' program provides for lectures and demonstrations in health and home nursing, child wel fare, textiles and clothing foods, their cost and values family budgets and household management. A score of meetings and confer ences of state-wide organizations will be held. A big feature of the week will be the conference of delegates from the stace's 900 farmers' clubs, who will meet to decide upon the question of organizing a state federation of farm ers' clubs. IRELAND MAY BE CARDINAL Pope in Consistory Will Urge Quick Conclusion of Peace, Favoring None of Belligerents. St. Paul.—Archbishop John Ire land of St. Paul again stands in the line for the red hat. His name, it is said, will be before Pope Benedict shortly in a consistory at the Vatican In Rome, at which it is believed the Pope may appoint a new cardinal, whose name will be reserved "En petto" that is, whose name will be withheld until the Pope chooses to re veal it. At the archbishop's residence it was said the prelate had no comment to make. The names of several cardinals who will be created have been announced already. Several names have been mentioned in addition to that of Arch bishop Ireland for the special cardinal ship. The pope will announce in the con sistory the appointment of the Right Rev. Joseph F. Busch, bishop of Lead, S. D„ as bishop of St. Cloud, Minn. The dispatch from Rome says: "The pope will deliver an allocu tion, again deploring the horrors of the war and commiserating the Arme nians. "The pontiff will urge the quick conclusion of peace, which should be Just and durable, favoring none of the belligerents." For Breeding of Thoroughbred Stock. Alexandria. The Douglas County Breeders' association, which, in many respects, is a model organization, he'd Its annual meeting here, re-electing ofEcers and planning extension of its work next year. The object of the association is to encourage the breed ing of thoroughbred stock, by the ex change of registered sires in the sev eral divisions which constitute the association. Many of these members have also introduced thoroughbred cows. In this manner the stock of tiie county is being raised in quality. $10,000 Fire Threatena Lewiston. Lewiston. The family of Ells worth Gray escaped from a burning building here only because of a ladder that had been left at the side of the structure the day before by repairers. When the Krenzke block, the princi pal business section of tic village, was discovered to be afire, flames had enveloped the stairway, cutting off all means of egress. Mr. Gray, his wife and children fled in their night clothes down the ladder. The store buildings were burned at a loss of about (10,000. Insane Mother Slays iron and Self. Cleveland. While temporarily in sane, Mrs. David Marsh, 32, wife of a telephone lineman, cut the throat of her ti-year-old son, Vernon, and then, using the same weapon, a butcher knife, slashed her own throat. Offers Astronomical Observatory. Duluth. Major John H. Darling, assistant "W aited States engineer in this district for 30 years until he re tired three weeks ago, has offered to build and equip an astronomical obser vatory for Duluth, free of charge, and asks only that the council grant him a location on a piece of property owned jy the city. The authority of the coun :il in such matters is being looked up the legal department, and if the trant can be made the council will ake favorable action. Major Darling a well-kiirwn. student of astronomy. URGES d. 0. P. GET TOGETHER James A. Peterson Advocates Abra ham Lincoln Tariff Plank in Plat form In 1916. Maurice P. Mclnerney, former al derman of the Seventh ward, proposed a resolution indorsing James A. Peter son as the candidate for the Repub lican nomination for governor, for which he ran in 1912. A unanimous standing vote passed the resolution. Minneapolis. A strong appeal for unity and forward movement of the party was made by James A. Peter son, in an address before the Get To gether banquet of the Seventh Ward Republican cluh, Minneapolis. "The Republican party met defeat at the polls three years ago," he said, "not because the people disagreed on fundamentals, but because tbey could not agree on certain new issues that had arisen. The Republican party has succeeded in accomplishing great things because it has represented all classes in society. It has had the fac ulty of taking hold of the big things that interest every portion of the na tion." Mr. Peterson declared that a plat form upon which all Republicans can get together was that concerning a protective tariff—one of the chief planks upon which Abraham Lincoln stood when he was elected president. "If I had my way about it," he said, "I would put this Abraham Lincoln tariff plank into the Republican plat form in 1916. Let me read it to you: "That while providing revenue for the support of the general government by duties upon imports, sound policy requires such an adjustment of these imports a,s to encourage the develop ment of the industrial interests of the whole country and we commend that that policy of national exchanges, which secures to the working men lib eral wages to agriculture, remunerat ing prices to mechanics, and manufac turers, and adequate reward for their skill, labor and enterprise and to the nation, commercial prosperity and in dependence." In his closing appeal for all to get together, to fall in with the great Re publican army and march to victory in 1916, Mr. Peterson quoted from a speech of Abraham Lincoln, delivered in the campaign of 1860, when condi tions were much the same as they are now: "All of us who did not vote for Mr. Buchanan, taken together, are a ma jority of four hundred thousand, but in the late contest we were divided be tween Fremont and Fillmore. Can we not come together for the future? Let everyone who really believes and is re solved that free society is not and shall not be a failure, and who can con scientiously declare that in the last contest he has done only what he thought best—let every such one have chanty to believe that every other one can say as much. Thus let by-gones be by-gones let past differences as nothing be and with steady eye on the real issue let us reinaugurate the good old "central idea' of the republic, we can do it." FOR IMPROVING STATE LANDS Northern Minnesota Development As sociation Cons.ders Leg.station—• Adopts Slogan for Meeting. Bemidji. "On to Bemidji, the Magic City of the No*-th," is the slogan of the Northern Minnesota Develop ment associativa More than 300 dele gates representing not less than thirty counties of this section of the state and a number from other sections were expected to be present at the meeting, for the sixth annual winter session. Of many matters coming before the association this year for considera tion, the most important will be amendment No. 1 providing that the legislature set aside $250,000 from the state school funds for the purpose of improving state lands. Another important matter to be con sidered is legislation to affect more than 500,000 acres in Northern Min nesota, by providing for the lowering of high waters in the vicinity of Leech Lake. Representatives from all towns and villages along the Mississippi river valley district affected by the six federal reservoirs located at Leech, Winnibigoshish, Pokegama, Sand and Gull lakes and at Pine river, are ex pected to be present. SLAYS WITH VICTIM'S PISTOL Unidentified Assailant Uses Revolver Minneapolis Man Had Looked to for Protection. Minneapolis, Minn. For several weeks John Dudas had a premonition of violent death. He carried a re volver all those weeks to protect him self from this danger. His wife says he kept it under his pillow at night. He was shot to death by an unidenti fied assailant who used the revolver Dudas looked to for protection. After the murder, on Second street north the gun was replaced in Duda's overcoat pocket. A short distance away from Duda's body the police found an exploded cartridge. Coroner Seashore said death had been instan taneous. Lesches Sent to Asylum. Wincna.—Rev. Father L. M. Lesches was sentenced to the hospital for the insane at St. Peter by Judge Granger in district court for his assault upon Bishop P. R. Heffron of the diocese of Winona on August 27 lasi Drainage System to Cost $250,000. Wheafon. Petitions have been filed fo'* the establishment o" four ju dicial drainage systems, which will af fect Traverse, Big Stone, Wilkin, Grant and Stevens counties. On«» cf the ditches will change the course of two or three rivers, will provide a cutoff of approximately 30 miles and possibly cost upward of $250,000. The construction of this ditch, which is known as the Herman cutoff, will ben efit practically all the land in Tra verse county, and parts of Grant, Stevens and Big Stone counties. MINNESOTA PROPERTY VALUED AT $4,300,944,830— AMOUNT TAXED $1,736,317,812. EVENTS AT STATE CAPITOL Interesting and Important Happenings of the Past Few Days Selected and Arranged for the Conven ience of Busy Readers. St. PauL A gain of $36,716,439 in the as sessed valuation of taxable property in Minnesota for the year 1915, compared with the preceding period, has been made public by the state tax commis sion in its final figures fixing the total assessed valuation of the state at $1, 736,317,812. The full and true value of this property is $4,300,944,830 as r» turned by the local assessors. Only personal property and money and cred its were assessed this year, real estate remaining as before except with the addition of improvements made during the last year and which aggregated somewhat more than $15,000,000. to increase the original assessment! boards on personal property by $8,638, fell on three counties, Hennepin, Ram perty in Hennepin county is assessed of the entire state. State Mines Big Iron Output. Fifteen state mines contributed 2, 400,000 tons to the world's output of iron ore this year. Shipping operations on the Iron Range came to an end foi this year with the close of Novembei and the general belief is that tlie to tal shipments from the Lake Superioi region will equal those of the bannet year of 1913 when 49,000,000 tons was the record. Minnesota's contribution to the im mense output of that ye*r was 36,338, 264 tons, which was 63.37 per cent ol the total iron ore output of the entire United States. This year figures art not available with which to correctly determine the season's shipment, but they are known to be heavy. The price realized at lower lake ports was $3.85 a ton, the same as last year. From properties under lease the state this year will realize $675,000. which represents 25 per cent for or* shipped and other incomes in the shape of minimum royalites and lease pay ments. All of this money goes to the state school fund. The heaviest shipper was the Leoni das which turned out 709,920 tons. An. other was the Messaba mountain with 556,544 tons, and other the Woodbridge* with 177,195 tons. Additional state mines will be worked next year. Says Demand For Lands Is Brisk. Demand for state lands is as brisk as ever, State Auditor Preus said, com menting on the land sale season just closed. "As salable state lands diminish in extent," he said, "the lands actually sold are less and less going to specu lators and more and more to settlers. At a number of sales this year every parcel of land sold has teen purchased by local farmers desirous of increasing the size of their farms. "The 1917 Legislature should make some provision whereby local settlers can acquire with more expedition lands which they wish to buy. The methods employed now is that lands are ap praised one year and sold the follow ing year. The method of selling state lands at public auction is proving itself to be the proper one." There were 79,565.31 acres of state land sold this year as compared to 88,433.66 in 1914. The state received $561,352.73 for its land this year and $597,418.03 in 1914. The average price this year was $7 an acre as compared to $7.25 an acre last year. During the year seventy-eight state land sales were held which were con ducted by Oscar Arnescn, chief clerk of the land department. Sell Adulterated Candy. Inspectors of the state dairy and foo'A department are watching out for the tummies of little boys and girls who are wont to fill up on candy and other goodies around Christmas time. Many cases have been prosecut ed in court, where dealers have been caught selling adulterated candy. Fines totaling $130 have been collected recently by the departments in the courtu for this one class of law viola tion, State's Death Rate Low. The death rate in Minnesota is low as compared to other states, but, at that, too many babies die. Dr. H. Bracken, secretary of the State Board of Health, has come out strongly as a champion of the infant, and wants the people of the state to listen to his ar gument of stricter attention to the welfare of these new citizens, who are unable to look after themselres. Minnesota Educators Meet. Prouvlivwnt educators of state met at the state capitol to discuss vis its -cnade to more than o09 Minnesota cober 18. During the week 35 counties were covered and they included every section of Minnesota. The visits, which were made by edu cators connected with the University, Normal schools, rural schools and the state superintendent's office, were foi the purpose of observing conditions ro lating to teaching, supervision, build ings, equipment and communities.