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The Cook County news-herald. [volume] (Grand Marais, Cook County, Minn.) 1909-current, June 27, 1917, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016544/1917-06-27/ed-1/seq-3/

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SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT HAP
PENING3 IN FAR OFF
NORTHLAND.
ITEMS FROM THE OLD HOME
Resume of the Most Important Events
in Sweden, Norway and Denmark—
Of Interest to the Scandinavians
in America
DENMARK.
Constantin Brun, the Danish minis­
ter in Washington, has been furnished
figures by his government to refute
published charges that Denmark has
during the whole of the present war
received enormous profits by exporta­
tion, particularly of foodstuffs, to
Germany, to the detriment and loss
of the entente allies. The charges
have been published in some newspa­
pers in London and in Paris, and later
in the United States. These absolute­
ly fal^e accusations against Denmark
were flatly contradicted in the house
of commons by the British blockade
minister, Lord Cecil, who in summing
up his statements said: "It has been
suggested that Denmark has been
guilty of great delinquencies as re­
gards ourselves. I know that that
has been very much resented in Den­
mark. I wish to say, speaking for the
British government, that I make no
such charge against Denmark at all.
I remember the Danish agreement and
the campaign then set on foot, and I
can only say that that agreement has
been carried out with admirable fidel­
ity by the Danish parties to it. I be­
lieve that It has proved exceedingly
useful and that it has been well ob­
served by the whole Danish popula­
tion with very few exceptions. I de­
sire to say, with the utmost emphasis,
that in ray' judgment the Danes, when­
ever they have given us any assur­
ance, have endeavored honestly and
honorably to fulfill them. For these
reasons, so far as Denmark is con­
cerned, I am authorized by his ma­
jesty's government to say, after full
consideration of all the aspects, that
they do not see any reason to modify
their pl'esrnt blockade policy with re­
spect to that country." Mr. Brun cor­
rects false ex]ort statistics and adds:
"I am making this authentic state­
ment trusting that, in justice to a
small country, which under the great­
est difficulties has faithfully and at
important sacrifices to itself carried
out its duties of neutrality towards
all the belligerents, it will prevent
further misjudgment in the press and
contribute to the accurate knowledge
of the facts at a time when, in view
of the entry of the United States in
the war and of the various measures
under consideration for regulation and
control of exports here, a mistaken
conception of the subject here dis­
cussed might cause serious and un­
just harm to Denmark and to its fu­
ture relations with the United States."
NORWAY.
It is a curious fact that attempts
were made about the same time in the
congress of the United States and in
the storthing of Norway to muzzle the
press in the interest of the war. It is
no less interesting that so far the re­
sult has been the same. A member
of the cabinet, Minister of Justice
Urbye, asked for a very drastic law
against the press. The bill was de­
feated by a vote of 46 to 39. A much
milder bill was also rejected, the vote
this time being G2 to 22. Mr. Urbye
had to leave the cabinet in a hurry.
The next day the Aftonposten contain­
ed the following comment: "In all
parts of the assembly it was realized
that the limit had been reached. A
minister of justice who wants to
abolish the liberty of the press in our
country in the year 1917 is an ante­
diluvian phenomenon. He does not be­
long to the throbbing life of our day.
He must now be transferred to private
life. He ought to be thankful that he
Is not placed in the historical museum
among other entombed relics. The
idea of Russia getting liberty of the
press in March and Norway losing it
in April! The press is too strong for
Mr. Urbye. For in this case the press
is the same thing as the people of
Norway, which will not permit itself
to be muzzled by any Mr. Urbye. The
press is the Norwegian opinion, which
Is not satisfied with the secret traffic
carried on by the government. Mr.
Urbye supposed that the press was the
same thing as a dozen faces around
the tables of the reporters. This was
liis great folly. Therefore his fate was
bound to be a sad one."
It is proposed to put up a first class
modern hospital at Bodo at a cost of
at least $400,000. The reader should
bear in mind that this place is near
the polar circle.
The storthing has resolved to in­
crease the tax on war profits to 30
per cent. The socialist members de­
clared that unless something effective
was done to check the high cost of
living there would be a revolution.
The government was authorized to
take up a loan of $21,500,000 at home
or abroad.
According to news received by the
Norwegian legation in London 49 Nor­
wegian steamships with a gross ton­
nage of 35,397 were sunk in May 25
lives were l"«t
NSC- "'''L/tofiVte
-.
FINLAND.
The provisional government of ItuS
sia on the proposal of the Finnish sen­
ate, has decreed repressive measures
against excessive use of alcohol. Per­
sons getting drunk or drinking to ex­
cess in public places are liable to 18
months imprisonment. Intoxicated
persons committing robberies, acts of
violence or other offenses will be lia­
ble to penal servitude for six to eight
years.
SWEDEN.
A Swedish shipper, whose opera­
tions are extensive, said that for days
the Swedish government allowed no
ships to clear from Gothenburg for
England or America. The ship insur­
ance. institutions were forbidden to
i^sue any policies. The purpose of
this measure wa& twofold. The first
object was to obtain from England a
more liberal export of supplies to
Sweden, and the second was to in­
fluence America to permit the loading
of the Swedish ships now lying empty
in the American harbors. Such repris­
als all along have been Sweden's most
efficacious measures for the protection
of its interests. The government also
has made tlie issue of permit? for the
transfer through Sweden of English
goods destined to Russia, the basis
for delivery of English and American
goods to Sweden. When that bargain
seemed to be hanging fire, Sweden sim­
ply said: "Very well, this is our coun­
try and we will do what we please
with it and without reciprocal ar­
rangements we certainly will not
make it ,a runway for goods consigned
to Russia. Let us have some of your
stuff or we will not pass your Russian
consignments." Consequently, there
were periods when the docks and the
freight depots on the eastern border
of Sweden were piled high with goods
awaiting the concessions from Eng­
land which would win their release. On
one occasion, when a coffee famine
was threatened, the government held
up 100,000 bags of coffee which was
consigned by foreign shippers to Rus­
sia and made the permission for the
releasing of the coffee conditional up­
on being allowed to buy for Sweden
40,000 of the 100,000 bags. This bar­
gain was made. On another occasion
the government made permission to
an American firm to send 200,000 tons
of leather into Russia conditional up­
on that firm's bringing into Sweden
from Finland and selling to Sweden
400,000 tons of oil cake. The leather
was held up for five months, until thi?
was done, although it had been ship
ped from America in care of the Brit
ish government agents. The leather
was worth $500,000. Something deep
er than the consciousness of having
the upper hand in the traffic arrange­
ments sustains Sweden in these meth­
ods. This is nothing less than the
people's faith in their nation's mili­
tary strength and their confidence in
their ability to play the trump card
in the game of international politics.
Such views are only hinted, but they
none the less fill the national mind.
You get the whole story when you hear
a broad backed, square chinned and
keen eyed Stockholm business man
say: "Sweden neither wishes nor ex­
pects to get into the war, but we will
let the powers who think they can re­
strict imports to us to a point where
it is endangering the nourishment of
our people consider what would hap­
pen if Sweden put 700,000 men on the
German front in Russia, thus permit­
ting the Germans to make bigger con­
centrations in France."
Hjalmar Branting, the leader of the
Swedish Social Democrats, is hailed
by the French press as the man who
has more than any other contributed
to the defeat up to the present time
of all the German plans for a separate
peace with Russia. Humanite say?»
in an editorial "that the clear-sighted
leader of the Swedish socialists, who
is a friend of the allies because of
their just cause, has saved the Rus­
sian revolutionaries from the abyss
of a separate peace with Germany." In
L'Evenement Alexandre Varennes, so­
cialist member of the French chamber
of deputies, emphasizes "that the
democracy of Branting is fighting
against the common foe for liberty and
pence." Le Gaulios, the influential or­
gan of the French conservatists, says
"that the Russian working men's dele­
gates were on the brink of being
caught in the trap of a separate peace
with Germany when Branting inter­
vened and warded of? the impending
danger."
The Karolinska Association of Stock­
holm has engaged Prof. J. Kolmodin to
make a trip to Constantinople next
fall for the purpose of studying the
archives of the city with regard to
the life and activity of King Karl XII
during hf!s stay in Turkey. A rich
man whose name is not published has
offered to pay the expenses .of the
work to be performed by Professor
Kolmodin.
The value of real estate in Stock­
holm increased at the rate of $25 per
inhabitant from 1915 to 191C. At *he
same time the taxable income In­
creased about 75 per
cent.
In view of numerous complaints
about the food served in the army of
Sweden, General Morcke of the first
army division stated in an interview
"that according to his knowledge most
of the complaints were unwarranted.
While making tours of inspection dur­
ing his service as a member of the
cabinet he never found any good cause
for criticism. He would even risk the
assertion that no army in th« wholo
world is better fed than that of Swe­
den. If there were any real grievances
they were surely limited to ft very few
regiments.
v.: ".'P '&
JH
1
If corn land has been properly pre­
pared deep cultivation is not advisable.
It should never be given close to the
plants after they are a foot high, as
much harm would be done by breaking
the rdots.
To get an early start of the weeds,
In many sections or in seasons when
seed germinates slowly, it is advisable
to harrow once or twice or otherwise
to cultivate the field before corn comes
up. Limited moisture makes thin
stands necessary and it is poor man­
agement to allow grass and weeds to
rob the corn of this moisture.
Aside from destroying weeis, time­
ly cultivation is beneficial in prevent­
ing the loss of moisture by evapora­
tion and also in hastening the warm­
ing of the soil. The loss of soil mois­
ture by evaporation continues much
longer from a compact, damp surface
than from a loose, dry surface, and
the evaporation tends to keep the soil
cold.
In Northern localities and at high
altitudes the conservation of heat is
frequently as important as the con­
servation of moisture. Luckily, both
heat and moisture may be conserved
by good, timely cultivation. Heat is
wasted in evaporating or wasting soil
moisture, making the surface loose
and dry saves both soil heat and soil
moisture.
Cultivate After Rains.
Cultivating after heavy rains is a
good practice. To be most effective
the cultivating should be done as soon
as the surface is dry enough to work
ERADICATION OF WIRE GRASS
Pastures Should Be Completely Pul­
verized to Depth of Four Inches
by Cutaway Harrow.
The so-called wire grasses are many.
Such grasses as propagate by means
of creeping root stalks constantly re­
produce new plants at the rooting
points, as couch or quack grass, John­
son grass, Bermuda grass and mem­
bers of the blue-grass family. This
pasture, if adapted to tillage, should
be completely^ pulverized to the depth
of four inches with a cutaway or disk
harrow in July and keep harrowed once
a week as long as the soil remains dry
during the remainder of the season, al­
lowing no green spear of grass to get
a foothold.
By fall the mass of roots will be
practically lifeless if the season has
been normally dry and hot. The whole
should then be turned under ten inches
deep, using a jointer. In the spring
harrow every week until time to plant
a cultivated crop, then keep perfectly
clean, and the battle will be won.
IDLE ACRE IS UNPROFITABLE
If Soil Is Not Required to Produce
Some Useful Crop Injurious
Weeds Are Encouraged.
In some way or other every acre on
the farm should be compelled to do its
duty according to its ability. A loafer
is wholly unprofitable and is very like­
ly to get into mischief and loafing
acres are no exception. If they are
not required to produce some useful
crop they will produce weeds, and the
seeds will be scattered by some means
or other over the entire farm. Don't
have any loafers about your house or
your barns, and don't have any loafing
acres on your farm.
BAD FEED QUITE DANGEROUS
Old Corn or Hay, Not"Sheltered Prop­
erly, Is Often in Moldy and
Poor Condition.
Often the farmer in the spring of the
year has some old corn or old hay,
which, if it hss not been sheltered
properly, is and In bad condi­
tion. Such feed often Is the cause of
serious trouble with the stock.
Farmers should be carefhl how they
use old moldy feed of any kind, for
St is dangerous, often meaning the loss
taf several bead of stock before 'the
'tremble le located.
COOK COUNTY •HERALD, GRAND MARIAS, MINN.
IS MOST EFFECTIVE CULTIVATION OF CORN
/-V K:'~-
(Prepared by the United States Depart­
ment of Agriculture.)
Farmers can make the cultivation
of corn most effective and go a long
way toward assuring themselves of
harvesting a good crop by getting the
start of weeds. When these robber
plants are small, before their roots
have takei) firm hold and before they
have used much soil moisture, they
can be destroyed by a light stirring of
the soil. When weeds have become
better established, however, deep cul­
tivation only will kill them. Such deep
cultivation not only means more labor,
but it cannot be accomplished without
breaking and destroying many corn
roots.
IMPLEMENT FOR MAINTAINING SOIL MULCH.
mmm
.v'
well. If the soil is allowed to dry un­
til it breaks up cloddy, much moisture
will be lost, a good mulch cannot be
obtained, and harm is more likely to
be done to the corn roots. As long as
rapid evaporation is taking place, the
surface will remain cold and the
growth of the corn will be slow. In
order to cover large areas quickly, cul­
tivators which work two or more rows
area great advantage.
The number pf cultivations neces­
sary and the best time for them de­
pend upon weather and soil conditions.
Weeds should not be allowed to grow,
and a mellow surface should be main­
tained. In some seasons this may be
effectually accomplished with one or
two cultivations in other seasons
from four to six cultivations may be
necessary.
Nothing can be gained by continuing
cultivation in cornfields free from
weeds and in which the soil surface
is mellow. "When the surface is suffi­
ciently loose and dry to reduce evap­
oration, is open enough to prevent run­
off, and no weeds are starting, a cul­
tivation could do no good and if care­
lessly performed would do ?djury to
the corn.
Object of Cultivation.
Corn should be cultivated only when
one or more objects will be accom­
plished by the cultivation and when to­
tal effects wiil be more beneficial than
injurious. The beneficial effects of
cultivation are:
(1) Preventing weeds from robbing
the corn of soil moisture and fertility.
(2) Putting the surface in condi­
tion to take in rainfall, thus prevent­
ing run-off and erosion, which mean
losses of water and soil fertility.
(3) Warming the soil by drying its
surface quickly.
(4) Saving moisture by checking
its capillary rise to the soil surface.
Some injurious effects of cultivation
are:
(1) Breaking the corn roots which
otherwise would use some of the
moisture of light showers before it
evaporates and
(2) Forming large clods and air
spaces, thus permitting ais to enter
and dry the soil.
FUNGUS DISEASES OF TOMATO
Blossom-End Rot Attacks Fruit Be­
fore It is Mature, Causing It to
Drop to Ground.
Blossom-end rot of tomatoes is a
disease caused by a fungus. It attacks
the blossom-end of the fruit while the
fruit is green and causes it to rot and
drop off before it is mature. As soon
as the disease is observed, pull off all
affected fruit and destroy it. After this,
spray thoroughly with bordeaux mix­
ture. Bordeaux mixture is made with
one pound of blue stone, one pound of
quick lime and 12 gallons of water. Dis­
solve the blue stone by hanging it in a
cloth bag, in water, over night. Slake
the lime separately, then mix the two
thoroughly, and add the 12 gallonsrof
water. Earthen, glass or wood recep­
tacles must be used to dissolve the
blue stone in. It will corrode metal.
If fruit is ripened, gather all ripe
fruit before spraying. It is neces­
sary to repeat the spray every week
as long as there is any sign of the dis­
ease.
PIGS WORK FOR THEMSELVES
Plan to Have Crops Ready fsr Swine
to Harvest in Fail—They Will
Save Big Cost of Labor.
Farm labor is yearly becoming more
costly and inefficient. Pigs generally
pay for this labor, so why not let them
do the work themselves, thus saving
the cost and worry of poor help? Plan
to have crops ready for tho pigs to
harvest in the fall. Let them hog
down some of your corn crops let
them eat the rape, rye and pumpkins
that you plant with your* corn. They
will not only save the cost of harvest*
ing labor, but they will derive more
benefit from the feeds so consumed.—
Swine World.
SERIOUS ENEMY OF ALFALFA
Weeds, Including Perennial Grasses^
Likely to Prove Disastrous to
Thrifty Growth.
When alfalfa is once started undet
favorable soil conditions, weeds, in
eluding perennial grasses, will likely
prove its most dangerous enemy. This
is one reason why sod land is not reo
ommended for this crop.
On account of the danger from
weeds it is usually best to precede the
alfalfa for ope or two years with
clean-cvlttvated cron.
r.. ..
PAINr WOT A BITI ',
UFf .YOUR CORNS
OR CALLUSES OFF
No humbug! Apply few drops
then just lift them away
with fingers.
This new drug is an ether compound
discovered by a Cincinnati chemist. It
is called freezone, and can
now be obtained in tiny
bottles as here shown at
very little cost from any
drug store. Just ask for
freezone. Apply a drop or
two directly upon a tender
corn or callus and instant­
ly the soreness disappears.
Shortly you will find the
corn or callus so loose that
you can lift it off, root
and all, with the fingers.
Not a twinge of pain,
soreness or irritation not
even the slightest smart­
ing, either when applying
freezone or afterwards.
This drug doesn't eat up
the corn or callus, but
shrivels them so they loos­
en and come right out. It
is no humbug! It works
like a charm. For a few
cents you can get rid of ev­
ery hard corn, soft corn or
corn between the toes, as well as pain­
ful calluses on bottom of your feet. It
never disappoints and never burns,
bites or inflames. If your druggist
hasn't any freezone yet, tell him to
get a little bottle for you from his
wholesale house.—adv.
Supper Would Wait.
I was returning home the other eve­
ning about 6:30 o'lcock when I saw
Tommy, my neighbors' boy, "lagging
for line" with pennies with a crowd
of other boys. I knew that his family
always had supper at six o'clock sharp,
so I said, "I'll bet you five cents you'll
miss your supper, Tommy."
He grinned up at me saucily and
replied: "Then you lose your bet,
'cause I got the chops right here with
me. Ma sent me for 'em at five
o'clock."—Everybody's Magazine.
How He Did It.
"Jubbs tells me they are raising
their own potatoes now. I didn't know
he knew anything about gardening."
"Neither does he. If he raised pota­
toes, he did it by pawning his wife's
diamonds."
SHAKE INTO YOUR SHOES
Allen's Foot=Ease, the antiseptic powder to be
shaken into the shoes and sprinkled in the foot­
bath. It relieves painful, swollen, smarting feet
and takes the sting out of corns apd bunions.
Used by the British and French troops at the
front. Allen's Foot=Eaee is a certain relief for
tired, aching feet. Sold every where—Adv.
In Line.
"What sort of a slow curve are you
lobbing over there?"
"We've finished baseball practice for
the day," answered the head of the
squad. "This is bombing practice, old
top."
WATCH YOUR SKIN IMPROVE
When You Use Cuticura—-The Soap to
Purify and Ointment to Heal.
On rising and retiring gently smear
the face with Cuticura Ointment. Wash
off Ointment in five minutes with Cuti­
cura Soap and hot water. Continue
this treatment for ten days and note
the change in your skin. No better
toilet preparations exist.
Free sample each by mail with Book.
Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept. L,
Boston. Sold everywhere.—Adv.
She's Found a Place to Start.
"Now that we are at war we shall
have to practice rigid economy."
"All right, my dear. I looked at
your last year's straw hat this morn­
ing and I am sure it will do again for
this summer."
Ambiguous.
"Don't you like this tea party?"
"No there's no punch to it."—Balti­
more American.
Out of a Job.
"What's Dropkick doing since he left
college?"
"Wishing he was back."
If you would succeed in life, learn
to know what you can't do.
THAT
"What's your favorite animal?"
"A goldfish. It doesn't sing or have
to be1 put out of the house at night."
Many an ambitious public movement
Should be classified as lost motion.
Every absurdity has a champion to
Befend it.
I*
HKGU1E!
Produce More Food, But at the
Lowest Cost.
A trip through most of the grain
growing districts of Western Canada,
and information received from authea
tic sources, reveals that the spring
seeding of wheat, barley and oats is
finished and the grain is having a most
rapid growth. Men of farming expe­
rience here say that the conditions are
similar to those years when there was
an abundant harvest reaped. During
the past year a number of new settlert
came into the country, and they will
undoubtedly have a good crop this
year. This added to the normal acre­
age, made considerably less by the
lack of labor owing to the number who
have gone to the front, will give a
fair general yield. It is surprising the
growth that this country is capable of
producing.
Wheat has this spring germinated
and shown three or four inches growth
in fiye or six days, and with anything
like favorable weather, harvesting
should commence about the 15th of
August, or a little over one hundred
days from first seeding. Hundreds of
farmers throughout this vast country
paid for their entire holdings out of
one year's crop and it would not be
surprising if the same experience met
a great many more this year.
The Effects of Opiates.
INFANTS are peculiarly susceptible to opium and its various
preparations, all of which are narcotio, is well Known. Even in the
smallest doses, if continued, these opiates cause changes in the func­
tions ana growth of the cells which are likely to become permanent, «mgftiy
imbecility, mental perversion, a craving for alcohol or narcotics in later life
Nervous diseases, such as intractable nervous dyspepsia and lack of staying
powers area result of dosing with opiates or narcotics to keep children quiet
in their infancy. The rule among physicians is that children never
receive opiates the smallest doses for more a day at a
only then if unavoidable.
rru_ -'--fltration o:
to children
druggist should not be & "party
need the attention or a physician, and it is nothing less than a crime to
dose them willfully with narcotics.
Castoria contains no narcotics if it bears the
signature of Chas. H. Fletcher.
Genuine Castoria always bears the signature of'
An Individual.
The best authorities on the wheal
situation give it as their opinion thai
for many years to come, wheat prices
will be high. They base their opinion
on a scientific calculation and their
reasoning seems to be sound. Anyway,
it is quite evident that for some years
to come, the producer of wheat will
be amply rewarded for any effort he
may make to develop this branch of
agricultural industry. Money may be.
made on the high-priced lands of the
wheat-growing districts of the United
States, but it is a question if these
high-priced lands would not be more
profitably employed in other branches
of farming than in growing the smaller
grains, leaving it to lands just as pro­
ductive for wheat, less expensive to op*
erate, and with a much smaller
initial price, to provide the world
with this necessity of life. Here is
where Western Canada, with its vast
rich fertile plains, its low railway
rates, its exceptionally good shipping
privileges, its excellent climate, and its
perfect social conditions, has a com­
bination of advantages not possessed
by any other portion of the continent.
Furthermore, these lands, of unex­
celled quality, are extraordinarily
cheap, while for the man who does not
care to undertake farming on so exten­
sive a scale there is the free home­
stead which offers him all the opportu*
nity for which he is looking.
The prospective purchaser will have
no difficulty at all in making a selec­
tion of a fine piece of land,- well lo­
cated and convenient to transportation*
which may be had for from $15 to $25
an acre, and the railway companies or
other holders of large tracts are al­
ways glad to sell on easy terms. Or
if he desires a farm that is already
under cultivation and improved, many
such are to be had from farmers who
already have made comfortable for*
tunes and are ready to retire.
It is not to the grain grower only
that Western Canada offers great op­
portunities. If one wishes to go in for
cattle raising, there are great stretches
of range land both free and for lease
and in many sections of the country
there are the finest of grazing lands
that may be purchased at very low
prices.
The appeal which has been sent out
both by the United States and Cana­
dian governments, for an unstinted, un­
limited production of food stuffs to pre­
vent what might otherwise be a fam­
ine throughout this great continent—
and then consequently, throughout the
world—should in itself arouse all the
ambition and desire in the heart and
soul of the man who is not fighting at
the front, to produce all he can. In
addition, there is the potent fact that no
chances are being taken in answering
the appeal. Take it from either stand­
point you answer the country's call, al­
though not fighting, and you are alsf
insured against any loss by the high
prices that are bound to exist for some
time. Whether it be in the United
States on its excellent grain lands or
in Canada on its splendid grain lands,
all should do their bit.—Advertisement.
Some people are always up and do­
ing—other people.
Not That Far Along as Yet.
"How do you exterminate potato
bugs?"
"I don't know. I haven't studied up
on the atrocities of 'war-gardening."
When Your Eyes Need Care
Try Murine Remedy
go Smarting—JgitJw Comfort. 80' cents-
1
or
mall. Write for Free Bye Book.
1 BBUEDY CO., CHICAGO
•'Srfev.
X' -.-I' a 3.1

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