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New Orleans Republican. [volume] (New Orleans, La) 1867-1878, June 26, 1870, Image 6

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■greeted ky Bcadln Baras* Poens
«h Made ta Miaii,"
Bud at the Anneal Examination
•f the Girl.' Hl|k eehoel ef the Pint
■id Fearth lllilrieu.
It is not so. Ob? can it be .
That "Man was made to mourn ?"
And was he given a tender heart,
That't might be lightly torn ?
And do the fleetiDg hours of youth,
By many oft mis-spent,
dive any force nnto the thought
That man for woe was lent?
And does the fact of folliefe wild,
And passion's vile thaft burn,
Prove unto ns that nature's law
Is "Man was made to mourn."
True, gazing on man's happy prime,
On man's meridian, might
Our hearts exclaim, he surely is
A being of delight;
But gazing on th'unsteady verge,
When trembling, frail and worn,
Oh 1 is there then no happiness,
For him by age bowed down ?
And does the devious hand of fate,
Despite God's fixed plan
Bequeath for pride, uuworthiness,
An nnmixed joy to man ?
And do the numerous pains and woes,
By nature's hand made ours,
Prove all of man's uncertain days,
Are made of mournful hours?
And if the heartless lordling sends
The poor man from his door,
Hast he, with wife an! children mourn
The misery of his store ?
And if he's been a slave to man,
And with a freeman's soul,
Must he in sadness tread his path,
And think it has no goal ?
Alas! is Death, grim harvester,
The kindest friend we own,
Has he a single power to give
Belief to those who mourn ?
Oh, no! Death is an anguish cup,
Or messenger of life,
To free those sonls, tho' worn with care,
Have cheerful lived the strife.
And has the aged care-worn one,
No calm desire to live ?
No hope in future blessings,
To all who will believe ?
And he, poor man, scoffed by all,
Despised and trodden down,
Hu he no joy to think the day
When he will wear a crown ?
And he, the poor, oppressed slave,
With bnrning soul of pride,
Has he no happiness to think
He bore't who for me died ?
And does it not onr Maker rob
Of his most gracions name,
To deem all creatnree he has made
Beings of woe and shame ?
No I God of Mercy! Father ! King !
Enshrined on mercy's throne,
Thon hast not made a world so fair
For sonlless worms to mourn.
I Written for the New Orleans Republican.!
There are bnt few who do not possess tho
finest of all instincts—the pAetic sense, We
nil indnlge in visions which bestow rapture
on passiug hours; we all weave fancies which
■are as varied as the clouds at sunset; we all
revel In dreams which, aurora-like, throw
kindling gleams of pleasure on our every
pathway. Years have waned since mythol
ogiets created poetry. Centuries have passed
since a Bible was given as the highest type
of poetry—highest, because divine. The
shores of time have been covered with the
wrecks of Empires, and yet poets have been
born, whose names, like the umaranth, will
be surrounded with eternal bloom. Through
poetry have been transmitted legends,
which, like Egyptian pyramids, are heralds
of plains which long since ceased to echo
the footsteps of their voiceless thousands.
At poetry's bidding, we linger in the sun
beams at Calypso's isle or stand with hushed
breath at Thermopylae. At one sweep of
ber wings we recall days of tyranny or
dreams of youth. With her we traverse the
woodland gladeB of the far West, bend in
fieverence in forest temples, through whose
aisles Faith's pure hymns are borne by the
winds to the tree tops; there to take part in
the chorus of praise, breathed by the rust
ling leaves.
The deeds of our forefathers live in poeti
cal tales. The poet's genius leaves the
beaten tracks of every day prosaic life, and
In tracing human passions, bias ns read
pages varied with thoughts, which, indi
genous to no climate, are types of souls as
widely apart as are the snows of Greenland
and India's scorching breath. The poet is as
n magic mirror. We hear with him the
thrill of triumph, the widow's moan, the
orphan's cries. We see the funereal torch'
lights, the festal lights. We gather with
him the lovely wild flowers, the sea shore
pebbles. With him, we hear the sentry's
call, see his gleaming bayonet. With heroes,
we tread the battle-field, hear the bugle
call, advance at his bidding, faint on the
weary retreat, or toss our Danners high in
Music owes much of her grace to poetry.
The artist is indebted to her for the tints
which beautify his canvas. 'Tis poetry,
which guides the sculptor's hand, as he
makes out of the rough marble, a living,
apeaking image.
There is no sentiment which may not be
expressed by poetry, "no path she ins not
trod. With her torch she has lighted the
dim caverns of science ; with her rays she
has illumined the "path that leads to.God ;"
with her warmth she scatters the snow from
the graves of loved ones, lays bare the ten
der blades below.
With her lullaby, she rocks the cradle of
the darling babe, with her clarion notes
rouses the multitudes, to bid them battle
for their homes and their altars. With
imagination's tread, she peoples the rain
bow, furnishes songs for the mermaids.
Her home may be the gray rock, on which
the lichen lives, or the garden, fragrant
with the breath of the jasmine. She is
• found in the flowers which brighten the
sickroom; the jungles where the lion and
bunted misery alike fly detection.
The love of poetry should be cultivated
in the minds of our children, for in the
solace of declining age, no heart, respon
sive to her purest teachings, can be
thoroughly hardened. The sentenced con
.vict remembers the hymn taught at his
mother's knee; the angels strike their harps
in measured melody.
The New York Evening Post says:
It is ecarcely necessary to remark that the
great army of professional office-seekers,
the 'men inside of politics,' as the siang
S oes, will rt joice at Mr. Hoar's resignation.
[e has been their arch-enemy; a man whom
they could not comprehod, for he acted up
on the principle of selecting the fittest men
for places, and always seemed distressingly
unable to understand any other, reason lor
making an appoinimeut than fitness, or a
removal than incapacity.
Twenty-one millions of dollars are ex
pended annually by the drinkers of lagar
Trip or the Natchez
New Orleans to St. Louis in Three Days
Twenty-One Hours and Fifty
Eight Minutes.
One Hour Eleven Minutes Quicker
than the Famous J. M. White
: From the St. Louis Republican.]
The arrival of the Natchez, only three
days, twenty-three hours and fifty-eight
minutes out from New Orleans has revived
the interest in fast river steamers. The
large numbers of our citizeus who collected
on the wharf and on board the Natchez at
test the fact that all interest in swift steam
boats has not been lost. The event of yes
terday also recalled the great run of the j. M,
White, which steamer arrived from New
Orleans on tne eighth of May, 1844—three
days, twenty-three hours and nine minutes
out from New Orleans. Asa matter of in
terest we reproduce the feelings with which
this trip was viewed in the long ago as pre -
served in the columns of the Republican of
that period. Captain Converse commanded
the White on that memorable voyage. His
name has passed down to history, and will
be transmitted to posterity till all interest in
the navigation of the great river is swal
lowed up iu the grand forever. But
another name will be recorded in the same
volume—that of Captain T. P. Leathers.
• From the Daily Republican, May 9.1811.]
What has heretofore been merely the
speculation of enthusiasts has been realized.
New Orleans has been brought within less
than four days travel, of bt. Louie; in im
mediate neighborhood propinquity. The
steamboat J. M. White, has been the first to
accomplish this extraordinary trip. She
arrived here yesterday afternoon; and for
the special benefit and information of the
Ohio paners, some of which are in the
habit of boasting of the performances of
their favorite boats, we publish the memo
randa of her voyage from St. Louis to New
Orleans and back.
The J. M. White, left this port on Monday,
April 29, at three o'clock P. M., with GOO
tons of freight and arrived at New Orleans
on Friday evening, the third instant, beiug
three days and sixteen hours ou her down
ward trip. She departed for St. Louis on
Saturday, May 4, 1844, at lorty minutes
alter five o'clock, P. M., and arrived on the
eighth, having made the trip up in three
days and twenty-three hours, and haviDg
been but niue days on the voyage out and
home, including all detention.
The following are the runs up from wharf
to wharf, and is the best time ever made by
any steamboat on the Western waters:
To Natchez......... 300 miles. 20 hrs, 40 min.
To Vickeburg.......410 miles, 23 hrs, 55 mm.
'I o Montgomery's 725 miles, 1 day, 13 hrs, 8 min.
To Memphis........ 775 miles, 2 days, 12 hrs, 8 min.
To Cairo...........1000 miles, 3 days, 6 hrs, 44 min.
To St. Louis.......1200 miles, 3 days, 23 hrs, 9 min.
The time made by the J. M. White for
twenty-six years had remained unsurpassed
by any steamboat on the Western waters.
by any steamboat on the Western waters.
Other fast boats had madeitlie attempt, but
failure was written on all 'their eflorts. It
had become a settled conviction in the
minds of a great majority of our steam
boatmen that her time could never be ex
celled. Other boats have made good runs.
The steam* r Alexander Scott left New Or
leans od the sixteenth of June, 1844, at five
o'clock P. M.. with several hundred tons of
freight, the United States mail, fifty two
cabin and sixty-seven deck passengers, and
came up aeainst the current ot the "great
flood" of 1844, lost three hours on the night
of the nineteenth bn account of fog and
was detained five hours ou the trip up by
reason oi the difficulty of obtaining wood
and arrived at St. Louis on the twentieth,
four days, six hours and twenty mitmtee out
from New Orleans. The time of the Prin
cess, in August, 1855, between New Orleans
and Natchez, was seventeen hours and
twenty minutes—the fastest time on record.
It should be taken into consideration that
the Princess was stripped for running—that
6he was run to make time, while the Natchez
was on a business trip, with her cabin full
of people, and, it may be supposed, with
some freight aboard. The Natchez, too,
ran against the current of a rising river,
which is usually not the case at the season
when the Princess made her famous run.
To Natchez.— The time of the Natchez
from New Orleans to Natchez was seventeen
hours and fifty-one minutes. But it is cot
necessary to go into all the details of the
runs" made by the A. L. Shotwell, the
Eclipse and the Reindeer. Suffice it to say
that the arrival of the steamer Natchez,
Captain Thomas P. Leathers in command,
•n yesterday evening, only three days, twen
ty-one hours and fifty-eight minutes out
from New Orleans, surpasses the time of the
M. White one hour and eleven minutes.
At the time the White made her trip all our
steamboats burned wood, and she was ne
cessarily hindered in getting her fuel, as her
landings were all made against the banks.
But the Natchez also came up on a business
trip. She made twenty-one landings, re
mained thirty minutes at the wharf at Mem
phis, and one hour and five minutes
at Cairo. It is not negeseary to
enter into farther details. It
evident that a feat has been accomplished
unparalleled in the annals of river naviga
tion. No man had ever made the trip in the
time of tho J. M. White from New Orleans
to8t. Louis before that memorable trip, nor
for many a year afterward, until the iron
horse, with his breath of flame and nerve3
of steel, hauled with lightning speed the
thundering carriages of the railway train.
Therefore it is that for years, nay even now,
the name of Captain Converse and his fast
boat, the J. M. White, are known familiarly
to thousands of people, and will be handed
down to generations yet in the womb of the
future. Perhaps in this fast age the achieve
ment of Captain Leathers may not awake
so much immediate interest. But yet the
record is made. It stands on the pages of
the present; it will be transcribed on the
more durable volumes that shall UDfold to
the nieu of the future, what was accom
plished by those who lived .acted and thought
in this age. It will be many a day before
such an achievement will be again accom
such an achievement will be again accom
Thomas P. Leathers, captain; Samuel
Ayles, Esq., clerk; Ovid Beil, second clerk;
Puniait. U r a n I- Pu ♦ nr, Prvi „ 1 n 1 ) ...
Captain Frank Caton, Captain -Burn
ham, pilots; Andrew Pauley, John Farrell,
Left Ne* Orleans thirty-two minutes past
five o'clock P. M., Saturday, June 18, 1870;
timed from St. Mary's market; had ou board
eighty cabin and forty-five deck passengers,
and some freight; made the run to Natchez
seventeen hours and fifty-one minutes; made
Yucatan for her twentj-fonr hours run;
landed at Serrices, above Natchez; made
lauding at Rodney; made landing at Grand
Gulf; Vicksburg twenty-six hours, fifty-four
minutes; landed and took on six hundred
and ninety boxes of coal. Left Vicksburg,
and made landing at Tallulah, landed at
Lake Providence, landed at Greenville,
made landing at Columbia, made landiug at
Bolivar, landed at White river, coaled three
hundred and ninety-five boxes. Found
bottom in chute, and had to haul back,
landed at Memphis, lost thirty minutes,
landed at Henderson's point and took six
cords of wood, landed and coaled at Cairo,
lost one hour and five minutes, struck bot
tom at Liberty bar, landed at Grand Tower.
At thirty-four minutes past three o'clock
yesterday steamer Natchez made the old
time marks of the J. M. White opposite the
Arsenal grounds. Intense interest was felt
by all the passengers. It was known in the
the city that the Natchez was coming -upon
fast time, and a large number of citizens,
representing all classes—merchants, steam
boatmen, mechanics, professional men,
some, even, of the clerical gentlemen of the
city—had oollected on the wharf, and
watched with earnest interest the rapid
progress of the boat as she plowed her
way against the swift current. By this time
the passengers on board, of whom there
were more than a hundred, were wrought
up to the highest pitch of enthusiasm, but
there was no cheer, no word spoken. Silent
and unconscious of all else around them,
they had gathered out on the guards and
forecastle, gazing with intenee eagerness
toward the nearing wharf. If the pas
sengers were thus affected, what must have
been the emotions of that brave old river
captain, who stood npon the roof of his
own fine steamer, as the index hand on the
his watch, pointing toward the hour which
for twenty-six years had been the standard,
inaccessible to all succeeding navigators of
the river, as the fastest time on record. On
the way from Cairo, at Liberty bar, sue
touched bottom, her speed was checked;
thus far she had made au unexampled run.
Must she now be stayed, and stick fast in
the sand, and the coveted triumph be
changed into an ignominioue failure? There
was a clear head and a steady hand at the
helm. Her engines were reversed: the pon
derous wheels rolled back; her bow was
veered a little to the larboard, and onward,
with increased speed, she dashed through
the foaming river. All wa3 yet safe. Two
hours yet remained in which to make her
time and claim the palm of victory. The
walls of the tall buildings of South St.
Louis appeared in the distance. The cap
tain gazed with intense earnestness as the
buildings became more and more distinct.
The spires, and towers, and lofty walls
grew nearer and nearer. Caroudelet was
made, only three days twenty-one hours
and thirty-two minutes out from New Or
Every one of the officers of the boat were
at their post, cool, calm, collected, with
victory already almost attained, yet a few
miles remained. The ideutal point where
the White signaled her arrival, a little more
than twenty-six years before, lay still above.
But there was more than an hour yet in
which to make the distance. And now came
the moment for emotion—the moment in
which the magnitude of the achievement
was to be realized. "There is the Arsenal
grounds." " There is the point reached by,
the J. M. White." "There is the end of her
voyage," and all eyes were turned toward
the well know^ landmark with an eager,
earnest intensity tOat held the tongue still,
and no word, do exultant cheer escaped from
the lips of those earnest lookers toward the
shore—the goal of one of the most noted of
steamboat triumphs in speed. The victory
was won; the quickest voyage from New
Orleans to St. Louis was brought to a safe
conclusion. A few more minutes and the
great steamer was still, reposing quietly on
the bosom ol the river, at her wnarf. The
spell was broken. The pent up feelings, the
auxiety, the tension of the deeply absorded
minds of the officers gave way. A vast com
pany of our citizens rushed on board; Cap
tain Leathers received them ca ! m!y, though
it was evident that in that moment of
triumph he felt and realized the sigmficar.ee
of his achievement. He knew that he had
accomplished what might not be accom
plished in a generatioB—might never be ac
complished again. He knew that in after
years men would turn over the pages on
which are written the past, to learn of the
run of the Natchez, and he realized too, that
when he should bo numbered with the
silent sleepers, his name would still be some
times recalled in connection with the grand
est feat thus far recorded in the annals of
steamboat navigation on the Mississippi.
We know not how we can better conclude
our notice of this memorable voyage of the
Natchez than in the expressive language of
the brave oid captain, as he stood trium
phantly, proudly on foe deck of the Natchez,
feeling and realizing the significance of the
feat. "Ah, gentlemen," said he, "very many
of us old stemboatmen, and many'yonng
ones too, will be in our graves, and have
mouldered to indistinguishable dust, before
the time is made again."
The St. Louis Democrat says:
The time as given above by the pilots,
brings the Natchez in victor by thirty-nine
minutes less than the White's time.* They
were willing to make oath to their state
ment but ior one fact—the watch that Mr.
Cayton carried, and by which they timed,
may not have run truly, as it was recently
in the hands of the repairer.
But a passenger, Mr. W. S. Pike, banker,
of New Orleans, timed her from New Or
leans, in a statement kept carelully by him
self. This we lound in the office of the
clerk, Mr. Samuel Avlee, lying in au ex
posed position on the desk. It was crum
pled from frequent handling, and portions
of it were difficult to decipher. The follow
ing is probably a correct copy, however:
To Natchez.................................... 17 52
To Vicksburg-............. 26
To Head ot Thresher-held.................... 24 04
To Napoleon................................ 1 18 15
To Write River............................. 1 13 30
To Helena................................... 2 2 35
To Memphis................................. 2 9 40
To Head ot Island No. 10................... 3 ..
To Hickman................................ 3 1 43
To Cairo:.......—........................ 3 4 34
To St. Louis................................. 3 21 58
Beat Eclipse 1 hour and 25 minntes to
Islaud 66, and 15 miles above the Eclipse.
Forty-eight hous run to Dixie Wood Yard,
and made eleven landings.
Beat Eclipse 15 minutes to Memphis. Left
Memphis 15 minntes to 4,A.M, .losing haif an
hour there. Arrived at Randolph at 8 A. M.;
Fort Pillow at 12 minutes to 9; New Madrid
at 20 minutes to 5; arrived at Cairo at 5
mindtes after 10 P. M., June 21; left at 15
minutes to 11 P. M., and arrived at St. Louis
at 4 minutes after 4 P. M., June 22,
The Ked River Expedition—A Protest
from Rlell'a Nation—'T he Indians.
Chicago, June 21.—The St. Paul Press
this morning publishes a letter from Pem
bina, which says that in case the Red river
expedition continues to move westward,
Rieli's provisional government will send an
armed force to meet it. Iu this contin
gency independence of Canada will proba
bly be declared. The Press also publishes
the instructions of Reill's Secretary of State
to Father Eichot, one of Rieli's delegates
to the government at Ottawa, in which
he says : " As regards the expedition, it
is viewed with suspicion, and is not at
all acceptable to any portion of this people.
The government and people of this
country can not view this expedition in
any other light than that it was the ap
proach of McDougal as Lieutenant Gover
nor last November, and in viow of the
peaceful condition of the Northwest since
the evil spirift left the country, both among
the various classes of people and with the
Indian tribes, we deem this expedition as
entirely unnecessary, and believe the condi
tions dictated by the Canadian government
can not be effected without the act of 1867,
in reference to British colonies entering iuto
Colonel Morrow, of the thirteenth in
fantry, arrived at Sioux City from Fort Ben
ton yesterday, and reports an attack by five
hundred Indians upon the Fort Buford
wood choppers, killing nearly all of them.
The colonel thinks this the opening of a
long meditated war.
The New York Herald has the following
Some of the papers are finding fault be
cause General Grant has signed a call for
the assembling of an All-the-Worid Chris
tian Alliance Conference in this city next
fall. These faultfinders are altogether too
thin skinned. General Grant has as much
right, as an American citizen, to approve
the meeting of a congress of Christians as
he has to seud a message to the Congress of
heathens—"at the other end of the avenue."
The New York Mad reports that a gentle
man who went to a down town theatre a
few nights ago, left his watch, chain, purse,
etc., at home for fear he might be robbed or
garroted on his way there or back. When
he got home he found the house had been
entered and all his silver, jewelry, and
valuables of every description had been
carried off. He says, "How is a fellow to
know what to do?"
HokepokewiDgachepung Pottabakeeoka
ballokum Chingarewingarypingwingwung, a
distinguished citizen of the Fejee Islands, is
now iu California, and will visit the Eastern
cities as soon as the Pacific Railroad Com
pany shall have increased their rolling stock
sufficiently to supply transportation for his
Colonel Ilbert Pike's "Fine Arkansas
Gentleman'' which a quarter of a century
ago was c great favorite, and was often
sang at Wshjfigton dinner parties, has not
been retered to very often of late years.
Here it is aain :
Now, all pod fellows, liBten. and a story I
will tell,
Of a mighy clever gentleman, who lives
In the westrn pan of Arkansas, close to the
Indian liD,
Where he gts drunk once a week on whisky,
and imiediately sobers himself com
pletely oithe very best of wine;
A fine Arkansas gentleman,
Close U the Choctaw line.
This fine A kansae gentleman has a mighty
Of fiv» or ix thousand acres or more of
land, thitwilt be worth a great deal some
day pr (tier, if he don't kill himself too
sood, anl will only condescend to wait;
And four or five hundred negroes that
would Tiber work than not,
And such quantities of horses, and cattle,
and pig; and other poultry, that he never
pretend to know how many he has got;
This tie Arkansas gentleman,
Close o the Choctaw line.
This fine Arkansas gentleman has built a
On the ege of a big prairie, extremely
well popiated with deer, and hares, and
And when he wants to feast his friends he
has notbng more to do
Than to eave tiie pot-lid off, and the de
■trbirds fly straight into the
cently bhave
pot, knwing he'll shoot 'em if they don't,
and he hs a splendid stew.
This fie Arkansas-gentleman,
Close d the Choctaw' line!
This fine Aransas gentleman makes several
Unless frou drouth, or worm, a bad stand,
or some other contingency, his crop is
short, o fails;
And whei it's picked, and ginned, and
bailed, le puts it in a boat,
And geti aboard himselt likewise, and
chaneri the bar, and has a devil of a
spree, mile down to New Orleans be and
his cottti float,
This toe Arkansas gentleman,
Close o the Choctaw line!
And whenhe gets to New Orleans he sacks
a clothi.g stor*-,
And puts ip at the City Hotel, the St. Louis,
the St. Iharles, the Verandah, and all the
other htels iu the city, it he succeeds in
finding ny more;
Then lie daws upon his merchant, and goes
about aid treats
Every m%i from Kentucky, and Arkansas,
and Alabama, and Virginia, and the
Choctaw nation, and every other vagabond
he meek!
This file Arkansas gentleman,
Close ,o the Choctaw line!
The last tine he was down there, when he
thougntof goiDg back,
After stayng about fifteen years, or less, he
discoveed that by lending and by spend
ing, andbeiug a prey in general to gam
blers, hrkmen, loafers, brokers, hosiers,
tailors, servants, and many other indi
viduals.white and black,
He'd distrbuted his assets, and got rid of
all his neans,
And had mthing left to show for them, bar
ring twcor three headaches, an invincible
thirst, aid au extremely general and pro
miscuots acquaintance in the aforesaid
New Oreans:
This toe Arkansas Gentleman,
Close ,o the Choctaw line.
Now, hov this gentleman got home is
neither iere nor there,
But I've^been credibly informed that he
But I've^been credibly informed that he
swore wirt-e than forty-seven pirates, and
fiercely lombed his hair;
And afterhe got safely heme they eay he
took an 3ath
That he'e never bet a cent again at any
game o cards, and, moreover, for want
of deceit advisers, he foreswore whisky
and farr both;
This file Arkansas gentleman,
Close ;o the Choctaw line.
This fine Arkansas gentleman went fierce
for Pierie and King,
And so cane ou to Washington to get a nice
iat offite, or some other comfortable
But, like Um from Jerusalem that went to
He fell airong thieves again, and could not
win a bd whether he coppered or not, so
his cash was bound to go;
This fee Arkansas gentleman,
Close o the Choctaw line!
So when h.9 moneys all were gone, he took
unto hisbed.
And Dr. R-yburn physicked him, and the
chambemaid, who had a great affection
for him, with her arna held up his bead ;
And all his friends came weeping round, and
bidding aim adieu.
And two o' three dozen preachers, whom he
didn't lnow at all, and didn't care if he
didn't, ctme praying for him, too ;
This file Arkansas gentleman,
Close t» the Choctaw line!
They closel his eyes and spread him out all
ready foi the tomb.
And merely to console themselves they op
ened th« biggest kind of a game of faro
right there in his own room ;
Bat whenhe heard the checks he firing the
linen offhis face, ®
And sung tut, just precisely as he used to do
when he was alive, "Prindle, don't turn !
hold ou I go twenty on the king, and
copper on the ace! "
This file Arkansas gentleman,
Close 13 the Chocktaw line!
" What I Know Abont Farming"—After
' Tarnip3 should never be pulled: it in
jures them It is better to send a boy up
and let hin shake the tree.
"The gmno is a fine bird, but great care
is necessary in rearing it. It should not
be imported earlier than June or later
than September. In the winter it should
be kept ia a warm place, where it can
hatch out i;s young.
"It is erident that we are to have a
backward season for grain. Therefore it
will be well ior the farmer to begin setting
out his cornstalks and planting his buck
wheat cakes in July instead of August.
"Concerning the pumpkin—This berry
is a favoiite with the natives of the in
terior of New England, who prefer it to
the gooseberry for the making of fruit
cake, and who likewise give it the prefer
ence over the rasberry for feeding cow?,
as being more filling and as fully satisfy
ing. The pumpkin is the most esculent
of the orange family that will thrive in
the North, except the gourd and one or
two varieties of the squash. But the cus
tom of planting it in the fruit yard with
the shrubbery is fast going out of vogue,
for it is now generally conceded that the
pumpkin, as a shade tree, is a failure.
"Now, as the warm weather approaches,
and the ganders begin to spawn—" and
so on.
The St. Louis Republican of Thursday
The one hundred and forty-one Canton
Chinamen accompanied by Mr. Ah Fo
Chung, a celestial from Hong.Kong, who
acts as interpreter, embarked ou the Great
Republic and set sail for New Orleans at
three o'clock yesterday. It was amusing to
see these strangers exhibiting their inquisi
tiveness. It seemed that nothing escaped
their quick and observant eyes. They were
quite a prominent attraction on the Great
Republic, and were visited by a large num
ber of our citizens, who were, doubtless, as
much a curiosity to these "queued, and
pig-tail Orientals," as they were to their
white visitors. If they make much of
etiquette, they will, doubtless, write back to
tbeir friends iu the flowery empire that the
Moy an Y'ungkies are a very impertinent race
of people._
A correspondent of the New York World
suggests that the President's grammar is
most objectionable in his signature, when
he writes "US Grant," instead of "I Grant"
or "We Grant."
Th« New Eight aad iw Advantages Over
Csaasa Oaa
[From the New York Herald.]
It seems quite likely that within a very
short period of time this city will be illumi
nated by means of the oxvhydric light in
stead of the miserable gas which nightly
throws it into shadows that only make dark
ness visible. Efforts have been made during
the last year or so to have the new light
introduced, but somehow or another ob
stacles have been thrown in the way of every
movement made for that purpose. Oi late
however, particularly since the intelligence
that the oxybydric light has been used with
6ucb eminent success in Paris, gome of our
foremost capitalist shave taken the matter in
hand, and in a snort time, it is to be hoped,
the city of New york will enjoy the luxury
of a gas which, at the same time that it gives
a better light than the ordinary gas, puri
See instead of poisons the atmosphere.
The oxybydric light is now used in the
great boulevards of Paris and in many of
the great European cities. The company
which is now manufacturing the article,
and whose temporary works have been
erected in Forty-first street, near Tenth
avenue, will soon apply to the Common
Council of this city for permission to lay
pipes for the general supply of the gas. The
old gas monopolies will doubtless make
hard fight against the introduction of the
new idea, but it is believed that the Common
Council will for once look to the welfare of
the city and the health of its citizens, and
not allow themselves to be overawed by the
heavy weights of the present gas system.
The new gas give* a bright, clear light, has
no smoke, and instead of heating the
atmosphere, actually cools it.
The company now supply immense quan
tities of it tor medical purposes, and this of
itself, as Professor Doremus says, should
commend it to general usage instead of the
present noxious article. The oxybydric
gas can be let out of the pipes at full force
at night, and there is no danger of suffoca
tion from it, for it only goes to purify the
air. This is of immense value to our "coun
try cousins" who come to town and have
habit of blowing out the gas. Many greenies
have gone to their kingdom come in this
way; but if nothing but pure oxygen comes
through the pipes it is evident that nothin,
dangerous could ensue from its escape. The
healthful effect of the new gas is so well un
derstood by the medical fraternity that the
company already supply over 5060 cubic
feet a day for their me alone.
The cost of the oxyhydric light and the
advantages that would result from its adop
tion may be briefly summed up. The Jigut
is obtained by burning oxygen gas and sur
carburetted hydrogen. It is as cheap as
was that attained by the use of the zirca* or
magnesia pencils, which has already been
demonstrated at the Pans Hotel de Ville, at
Tuilleries, the Theatre de la Gaiete, etc
The 60 -called Batwing burner type, adopted
by the City of Paris, consumes 140 litres an
hour under a pressure of 00.25 millimetres,
ana yields the same intensity ol light as the
Argand burner, consuming 160 litres, which
is replaced with great advantage at one
half the cost by au oxyhydric burner giving
a perfect white light, more agreeable to the
eye than that of the ordinary gas, and ot far
greater steadiness, although it is deprived of
a glass chimney.
Experiments have proved that whatever
may be the carburutters U6ed and the nature
or quality of the carbon, the absorption
varies at an average of forty grammes per
cubic meter of hydrogen, the price of the
latter being thus increased from thirty cen
times to thirty-five centimes per cubic
meter. The Batwiug burner consuming 140
litres per hour, costs, at thirty centimes the
cubic meter, four centimes the 20 100. The
same intensity of light obtained by an oxy
hydric burner, (one-half bougie) consumes
sixteen litres oxygen at seventy and one
twelfth centimes' per meter, twenty-eight
litres surearburetted hydrogen at thirty-five
centimes per meter, no centimes, ninety
eight hundredths. The cost of the oxyhydric
light is, therefore, only two centimes ten
hundredths per hour. The second type
(oxyhydric bougie) consumes thirty
two litres oxygen. Sixty • litres 6ur
earbutetted hydrogen giving twice the in
tensity of light of a Baiwiug burner, con
suming 140 litres—the cost being the same—
costs only four centimes twenty-hundredths
per houn As may be seen, the demibougie,
and oxyhydric bougie, settles the question
of economy. The first type gives at half
the cost tho same intensity of light pro
duced by common gas, and the second type
doubles the light at the same cost. The
other type ot' the same system, able to give
as strong a light as that produced by twelve
Batwing burners, and stronger if desired,
gives the same intensity of light as the com
mou gas. With the new sytem of burners
the pencil and the glass chimney ar • done
away with, the leaks lire nearly annihilated
in consequence of the low pressure at which
the two gases are burned; the lighting and
extinguishing are as simple as with the
ordinary gas.
As far as the heat generated by the oxhy
dric gas in proportion to the lighting power
obtained is concerned, it is a great deal
lower thau that obtained by ordinary gas.
The estimates of the cost of the new gas
are: Oxygen gas, seventy centimes per
meter; per 1000 cubic feet, three dollars,
gold; carburetted hydrogen, 0.35 2-10 cen
times per meter; per 1000 cubic feet, $1 85,
gold. One cubic meter is equal to 35.316
cubic feet. The Paris street gas costs thirty
centimes per meter, or per 1000 cubic feet,
$1 58, gold. Common gas in New York costs
$3 50 per 1000 cubic feet, or double the
Paris price. The same difference in prices
would be made manifest in this city by the
introduction of the new gas.
The present burners, consuming one hun
dred aiid forty litres, or five feet per hour,
can be replaced by oxyhydric burners con
suming but sixteen litres, or two-thirds of
a footed oxygen—twenty-eight litres, or one
foot, of surearburetted hydrogen, giving
the same light at half the price, or double
the light for the same price, and at one-filth
the heat generated by the common gas.
The Oxyhydric Gas Company of Paris ob
tained a charter from the proper authorities
on the twenty-fifth of M-ircii last, author
izing it to lay pipes iu the very centre of the
city, a length of one kilometer. The locality
illuminated by the new gas comprises two
theatres—the Vaudeville and the Grand
Opera—the Grand Hotel, the boulevard
Montmartre, des Italiens, and des Capu
Franklin'* First Paper.
A very old newspaper is in the posses
sion of Dr. J. II. Besse.of Delaware, Ohio.
It is a copy of ihe New England Courant,
and bears date " from Monday, February'
4, to Monday, February 11, 1723. " The
paper is, therefore, over one hundred and
forty-seven years old. It is printed on
coarse material, very much resembling in
texture and appearance that on which Con
federate newspapers were printed on in
the stress of war time. The type is of the
real antique style, and looks odd enough
t'o the eye familiar with the modern clear,
cut Roman. But that which gives the
most interest to this strange relic of the
past, says a Delaware paper, is the fact
stated in the following imprint: "Printed
and sold by Benjamin Ffanklin, in Queen
street, where advert isemenis are taken
in." Franklin was born in 1706. He was,
therefore, at the time of publication of
this sheet, seventeen years of age. In
course of a short introductory article, the
editor says:
' 'The main design of this weekly paper
will be to entertain the town with tha
most comical and diverting incidents of
human life, which, in so large a place as
Boston, will not fail of a universal exempli
fication. Nor shall we be wanting to fill up
these papers with a grateful interspersion
of most serious morals, which may be
drawn from the most ludicrous and odd
parts of life."
The editor maker the most gratifying
"This Paper having met with so general
an Acceptance in the Town and Country as
to require a far greater number of them to
be printed than there is of other public
Papers; and it being besides more gen
erally read by a vast number of Borrowers,
who do not take it in, the Publisher thinks
proper to give this publick Notice for the
Incouragement of those who would have
Advertisements inserted in the public
Prints, which they may have priated in
this Paper at a moderate Price."
Passed at the Second Semina of the Forty
First Contrea.
[Public Resolution —No. 45.]
JOINT RESOLUTION to correct an error
in the enrollment of a joint resolution
therein named.
Be it resolved by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled, That
the second section of the joint resolution
"authorizing the sale of certain lands at
Springfield, Massachusetts, and for other
purposes," approved May fourth, eighteen
hundred and seventy, be so amended that
it will read, "That Byers street, heretofore
opened," etc., instead of "Iiyers street,"
as it wa3 erroneously enrolled.
Approved, June 6, 1870.
[Public- No. 73.]
AN ACT to further amend the law of the
District of Columbia in relation to ju
dicial proceedings, and preserve records
of marriages therein.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled, That
all Scions in the pleadings iu the action
of ejectment within the District of Colum
bia be, and are hereby, abolished; and oil
actions for the recovery of real estate in
said District shall be commenced in the
name of the real party in interest, and
against the party claiming to own or be
possessed thereof.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That
any of (he duties of the clerk ot the su
preme court of the District of Columbia
may be performed, in his name, by any of
the assistant clerks in Lis office; And said
assistants may sign the name ot the clerk
to any process, certificate, or other official
act required by law or by the practice of
the court to be performed by said clerk,
and may authenticate said signature by
affixing the seal of the court thereto,
whereon the impress of th» seal is neces
sary to its authentication, In such cases
the signature shall be, "•---,
Clerk, by------, Assistant Clerk."
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That
after a judgment for a debt amounting
with interest to twenty dollars, exclusive
of costs, before a justice of the peace of
the District of Columbia, the judgment
creditor may, when execution is returned
"No personal property found whereon to
levy," file in the clerk's office of the Su
preme Court of the District of Columbia
a certified copy of such judgment, and
which shall be docketed in the docket of
law causes in said office, in the same
manner as appeals from justices are dock
eted there; and when so docketed, the
force and effect ot the judgment shall be
the same, as to lien and execution, as ii it
had been a judgment of said court
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That
for the purpose of preserving the evidence
of marriages in the District of Columbia,
every minister of the Gospel, appointed
or ordained according to the rites and
ceremonies of his church, whether bis
residence be in the District of Columbia
or elsewhere in the United States or its
territories, may be licensed to celebrate
marriages in the said district, and the
license shall be issued by the clerk of the
Supreme Court of said District, in the fol
lowing form:
"To any minister of the gospel authorized
to celebrate marriages in the District of
Columbia, greeting:
" Y'ou are hereby licensed to solemnize
the rites ot marriage between---.
of-. and----, of---, if
you find no lawful impediment thereto; and
having so done you are commanded to
appear in the clerk's office of the Supreme
Court of said District, and certify the
"Witness my hand and the seal of said
"-----, Clerk."
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That
said clerk shall provide a record-book of
his office, consisting of licenses in the
above form, printed in blank, one of which
he shall fill up with the names of the
parties for whose union any license has
been issued, and beneath it shall be printed
a certificate to be made by the minister
who solemnized the marriage, in the fol
lowing form:
I,- -, minister of
church in
hereby certify that, by
authority of a license of the same tenor as
the foregoing, I solemnized the marriage of
the parties aforesaid, on the-day of
, eighteen -, at-, in the
District of Columbia.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That
a copy of any license and certificate, re
corded in said book, certified by said clerk,
under his hand and the seal of the court,
shall be competent evidence of said mar
Approved, June 1,1870.
[Public— No. 74.]
AN ACT concerning divorces
District of Columbia.
Be it enacted by the Seriate and House
of Representatives of the United S'atesof
America in Congress assembled, That in
addition to the causes for which the Su
preme Court of the District of Columbia
may now grant divorces from the bond of
marriage, such divorce may be granted
for—First. Habitual drunkenness for a
period of three years on the part of the
party complained against. Second. Cru
elty of treatment endangering the life or
health ol the party complaining. Third.
Willful desertion and abandonment by the
party complained against of the party
complaining for the full uninterrupted
space of two years.
Approved, June
Approved, June 1,1870.
[Public Resolution—N o. 46.]
A RESOLUTION to authorize the Secre
tary of the Treasury to issue an Ameri
can register to the bark Live Oak and
to the ship Agra, of Boston.
Resolved by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled. That
the Secretary of the Treasury be and he is
hereby authorized and directed to issue
an American register to the British bark
Live Oak, owned by citizens ot New Bed
ford, Massachusetts, and to the ship Agra,
of Boston, owned by Thomas B. Wales and
Approved, June 7, 1870.
[Public— No. 77.]
AN ACT to supply a drficiency in the
appropriation for compensation and
mileage of members ot the House of
Representatives and delegates from
territories for the fiscal year ending June
thirty, in the year eighteen hundred
and seventy, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled. That the
sum of five hundred thousand dollars, or
so much thereof as may be necessary, be
and the same is hereby appropriated for
the compensation and mileage of members
of the House of Representatives and dele
gates from Territories, to supply deficien
cy of appropriations for the fiscal year
ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred
and seventy.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That
the sum of one million four hundred
thousand dollars be, and the same is
hereby, appropriated to supply a defi
ciency in the appropriation for the ex
penses of collecting the revenue from cob
toms ior the fiscal year ending June thirty,
eighteen hundred and seventy; and that
the sum of twenty thousand dollars be ap
propriated for the payment of fees to
special counsel in such eases wherein the
United States are parties in interest* as the
Secretary of the Treasury may deem it
necessary and proper to employ the same,
to be disbursed under bis direction.
Approved, June 6.1870.
[Public— No. 78.]
An act to fix the salary of the bailiff of the
Court of Claims.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Honse
of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled, That
trom and after the passage of this act the
annual salary of the bailiff of the Court of
Claims shall be at the rate of fifteen hun
dred dollars per annum, to be paid as now
provided by law.
Approved, June, 7, 1870.
[Public —No. 79.]
AN ACT to establish certain post roads
in the State of Alabama, and for other
purposes. •
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled, That
the consent of Congress be, aad the same
is hereby, given to the erection of a draw
bridge over the Alabama river, near the
city of Selma, by the Western Railroad
Company ot the State of Alabama, in ac
cordance with an act of the legislature of
said State incorporating said company. '
Seo. 2. And be it further enacted, That
the consent of Congress be and the same
is hereby given to foe erection of a draw
bridge over the said river, above the city
of Montgomery, by the South and North
Alabama Railroad Company, in accord
ance with the act of the legislature incor
porating said company : Provided, That
said draw-bridges shall be respectively
constructed so as to cross the streams at
right angles with the current, and the aD
E roaches to such draws shall be protected
y piers or other means that boats may
enter the draws with safety in such a man
ner otherwise as not ma'erially or sub
stantially to obstrnct the free navigation
of said river.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That
Congress reserves the right to withdraw
the assent hereby given, as to either or
both of said companies, in case the free
navigation of the said river shall be at
any time materially or substantially ob
structed by either or both of said
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That
said bridges, when completed in the man
ner specified in said acts of incorporation,
shall be deemed and taken to be legal
structures, and shall, with the railroads of
which they are parts, be post roads for
the transmission of the mails of the United^
Approved, June 8,1870.
[Public Resolution —No. 47.]
A RESOLUTION in relation to the com
pensation of as-istant marshals for
taking the census of 1870.
Resolved by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
America in Congress assembled, That the
Secretary of the Interior be, and he ia
hereby, authorized to increase the com
pensation of assistant marshals in taking
the census of eighteen hundred and
seventy, whenever, in his judgment, such
increase shall be necessary: Provided,
That in no case shall such increase exceed
fifty per centum of the amount of com
pensation now allowed by law, and no
such additional allowance shall be made
except when by reason of the spareeness
of the population the compensation here
tofore allowed by law is not sufficient,
nor shall the entire compensation be more
than eight dollars per day, exclusive of
mileage, for the time actually employed.
Approved, June 9, 1870.
rierce of more than twelve years' practice in
tho treatment end cure of RUPTURE and HER
NIA, 1 will guarantee more perfect relief, comfort
and security, and a more rapid improvement than
can be obtained of any other person or appliance in
the South, without regard to the age of the patient
orjength of time afflioted. Also, instruments for
the care of every species of human deformity on
hand or made to order.
Uall or address, with stamp, for circular. Dr. T.
ST O. FERRISoffice No. 16 St- Charles street, np
stairs. Honrs from IU A. M. to 4 P. H. my31 ly
provement; reprices the nseof the Bitter hui
pbste Quinine, with which all are familiar. Dose fct-,
dose, it is warranted fuliy equal in every way to
Bitter Qainine, and, like it, is the one
For all diseases of malarious origin.
And the long train of disorders following these when
Is msde solely from Peruvian Bark 'so is Bitter Qui
nine), therefore is of vegetable • rigin, and cot a
mineral poison, but, on the contrary, is proved :o bo
one of the elements found in the blood of oil healthy
Acts as an antidote to, as well as a curerfor mala
rial or miasmatic poison, the absorbtion of which
by the lungs causes intermittent fevers, etc. The
only advantage claimed tor
over the use of old Bitter Quinine is the entire ab
sence of that intense, persistent bitterness which in
the latter is an insurmountable obstacle to its
with most persons, and ai ways with children.
Is ia two forms—in powder, for the use of physicians
and druggists, and iluid, for use iu the family and
for the general.public.
my!5 Manufacturing Chemists. New York.
Strangers visiting the city and wishing medical ef
surgical aid, will call at the Southern Dispensary,
No. 2 j 0 Caroudelet etreet, near tho corner ot bU
Joseph, where medicines are compounded to car*
all chroma caees that may call, if within the reach at
____________lay c
medicine or surgery. Consultations are given 10
females. The poor will be prescribed fof
gratis. Lettere giving description of case, and con
taining five dollars, will meet with attention and
medicine sent by express.
P. 8.—I will give free consultations at
store. No. 266 bt. Charles street, corner of
etreet. from half post ten to half-past eleven o'c
je22 ly J. E. LuOKWOOD.
graduate of the University of Copenhagen,
Denmark, Honorary M. D. of the University of
Padua, Italy. Office and residence bo. 135 Royal
street. Offioe hours frdm nine to ten o clock A'
M.. and from twelve to three and from six to seven
P. M. Consultations in English, German, brenoh,
Spanish, Italian and Danish. Having been Dhy
sician in Danisn men of war in the Fast ana weal
Indies, he is thoroughly acquainted with the .rea
ment of yellow fever and lung affections. Ha
passed several years as assistant physician at
Hospital of the celebrated Professor Ricord,
p«ri, nr Kifie offers to cure all kinds of wo
Paris, Dr. Bills offers to
diseases, diseases of the liver, and private disc
diseases, diseases of the liver, and private disc
after a new, sure and quick method
female phybioian.
No. Canal Street.
Positively ouree the most obetinate chronic
eases such as Rheumatism, Neuralgia, eto^
hor remedies have never failed. Ladies mw
from Stoppsge of the Menses can be apeediJ
lieved. Pfttiente can be accommodated WIUI
rooms and board.
Is a Certain and Speedy Dare for
Rheumatism, Kidney 0 o ^et.ajnto, Os
btutt, Dyspepsia, Mck Headache, l
* Vfhol^pages from influential citizens,
ornished on application.
Sold by All Flret-Claae I»m
cents, 5C oenta 75 cents, $1 , and >1 50
Discoverer and
|U Washington •treat, N
TO be obtained of the Manafant
end Retail, or at DEMAB BARN
HALL k RUCKLE. Agent*' in ■

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