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officiaTjqK states OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF NEW ORLEANS TENSA8FAAXS INTO LINE. Election of Delegates to the State Con ' veotion, and Reorganization of the Radical Republican Forty. St. Joseph, Tensas Parish. ) July 20,1871. 5 To A. R. Whitney, President Executive Committee • ' Radical Republican Party: The undersigned, members of the Execu tive Committee, request that you convene the Executive Committee to call a conven tion to elect Relegates to. the Republicar State convention, and to elect a parish ex ecutive committee to serve until after the next Presidential election. E. A. FAIRFAX, JOHN HALL, y C. RAY. St. Joseph, La., July 20,1871. The Executive Committee of the Radical Republican party of Tensas parish^ is re quested to convene Saturday, at one o'clock, at the Terrill house, at St. Joseph, to call a parish convention to elec* delegates to the State Republican convention to be held in New Orleans on the ninth of August next, and also to elect a parish executive com mittee to serve until after the next Presi dential election, and until others are chosen. A. R. WHITNEY, President Parish Executive Committee. The executive committee met pursuant to call at the Terrill House, July 22, 1871. A quorum being present, the meeting was called to order. Henry Jones was elected chairman of the meeting, and Fleming Branch was elected secretary. The following resolution was passed: Resolved, That a parish convention of the Radical Republican party be and is hereby called, to meet at St. Joseph on the twen tv-ninth instant, at one o'clock P. M., to elect delegates to the State convention to he held in Nd^v Orleans on the ninth of Augnst next, and also to elect a parish ex ecutive committee to serve until after the next Presidential election. That the basis of representation in said convention shall be as follows, viz: Each ward in the parish shall be entitled to two delegates. On motion, the committee adjourned. FLEMING BRANCH, Secretary. Parish convention met pursuant to call, at Terrill House, at St. Joseph, July 22, 1871, at 1 P. M. There being a quorum present, the meeting was called to order and Senator A. R. Whitney was elected president and John Hall secretary. The following resolution was passed: Resolved, That the president of this meet ing appoint a committee of three on creden tials. The president appointed on said com mittee Messrs. A. Fairfax, —. Thompson and 'John Hall. £)n motion, the convention adjourned un tiibalf-past two o'clock. , At 2:30 P. M. the president called the con vention to order. The report of the com mittee on credentials was received and adopted. On motion of Daniel Freeman the con vention proceeded to elect delegates to the State Convention. C. Ray nominated A. R. Whitney for delegate, and John Hall, alternate, to the State Convention, to be held in New Or leans, August 9. The motion being put, was carried, and they were declared elected. A. Fairfax nominated Miligan Blue for delegate, and C. Ray, alternate, to the State Convention, to be held in New Orleans, August 9, and they were unanimously e'ected. On motion, the following persons were elected Parish Executive Committee: Messrs. A. Fairfax, H. Sutherland, Thomas > Napper, A. R. Whitney, to serve until after the next,Presidential election, and until others are chosen. Mr. Fairfax introduced the following reso lutions, which were passed: Resolve 4 , That the Republicans of Tensas parish in the future, as in the past, stand pledged to Republican principles as laid down by the State and national platforms. Resolved, That we recognize in Governor H. C. Warmoth not only a leader true to Republican principles, but that by a just ana wise policy he has brought the State to the first rank in peace and prosperity. Resolved, That being in the lirm belief that the education of the masses is the true foundation on which to sustain Republican principles, we stand pledged to support free schools, open to all classes. The convention adjourned sine die. JOHN HALL, Secretary. At a subsequent meeting, held by the colored delegatee, Messrs. Miligan Blue and John Hall were elected delegates to the State Convention, to be held in New Orleans the ninth of August, to elect delegates to the Southern'State Conven tion. ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC RAILROAD. Its Extension to the Pacific Coast-The Ronte ^ be Surveyed Immediately. [Prom the St Louis Journal of Commerce.] The Atlantic and Pacific Commissioners, composed of directors and prominent stock holders, who visited the Pacific coast to m . confer with citizens of California respecting the extension of their road to the Pacific, we have not iced by our California exchanges were warmly welcomed, and everywhere re ceived assurances oi encouragement. We noted some days ago their return, through this city, to Boston, where a meeting of the hoard was to receive and consider their re port. With the promptness and enterprise that has characterized the actions of the present company, we bavethe pleasure now to state that the company are now fitting out two parties of surveyors and explorers, with all useful appendages, instruments, camps, equipages, etc., to examine the two routes—one from the present terminus of the road to the Canadian river, about 150 miles from the Junction, and the other and larger party to examine the route for the great through line to California. The Pacific party will he headed by Mr. J. Blinkensderfer, chief engineer of the Atlantic and Pacific railroad, and will be protected by a military escort sent by Major General Pope, to protect them from the Comanches, Apaches, Kiowas, and other tribesof Indians through the country to be trwvofiled. Starting on their long, lonely journey, from the terminus of the road, the party will cross the Arkansas river, the Canadian and the Rio Grande at Alim querqne, pass through New Mexico and Arizona, thence up the Colorado river in the vicinity of Fort Mohave, thence along the Pacific slope to San Francisco, describ ing from St. Louis to San Francisco a grand fcemi-circle about two thousand miles in length. We understand that a competent geologist and a botanist will accompany the expedition, and that when their journey is completed the public will be made ac quainted with the character of the soil and its capability for agriculture and grazing. Mr. Medill, of the civil. service commis , sion, has prepared a plan relating to post office appointments. He proposes that the President shall appoint for five years, for each office except about two hundred, the person presenting a petition most nunier . ously signed by the legal voters within range of the delivery of the office. Various safeguards against fraud in the lists of names are provided. The petition is to be signed without regard to party, and the party presenting the most names is to be appointed. The signatures are to be under oath that the person recommended is suita ble and competent. The author of this scheme thinks the adoption of his plan would remove the local postoffices from the congressional aspirants and partisan poli ticians, and at the same time prevent any party from monopolizing the enormous pat ronage pertaining to the Postoffice Depart ment. The pfiwer of removal would not be taken away, ami the responsibility would still he secured. a ne Planters' Banner says: A German whom we met on- one of our Bayou steamers lately stated that in New Orleans, where he lives, the Germans are filled with admiration for this country. He says the accounts published about this country in German have awakened an im mense interd&t in it, and that thousands will flock to it as soon as they can so arrange their business as to enable them to come. OFFICIAL. TREATIES AND PROCLAMATIONS. A PROCLAMATION - !^ the President of the United of American Treaty between the Unified States and Great Britain— Claims, fisheries, navigation of the St. Lawrence, etc., American lumber on the river St. John, . boundary—Concluded May 8,1871; ratifications exchanged June 17,1871; proclaimed July 4,1871. Whereas, a treaty between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, concerning the settle ment of all causes of difference between the two countries, was concluded and signed at Washington by the high commissioners and plenipotentiaries of the respective govern ments on the eight day of May last; which treaty is, word for word, as follows: The United States of America and Her Britannio Majesty, being desirous to pro vide for an amicable settlement of ail causes of difference between the two coun tries, have for that purpose appointed their respective plenipotentiaries, that is to say: the President of the United States has appointed, on the part of the United States, as commission erg in a joint high commission and plenipotentiaries, Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State; Robert Cam ming Sehenek, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Great Brit ain; Samuel Nelson, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, of Massachusetts; and George Henry Williams, of Oregon; and Her Britanic Majesty, on her part, has appointed as her high commissioners and plenipotentiaries, the Right Honorable George Frederick Samuel, Earl de Grey and Earl of Ripon, Viscount Goderich, Baron Grantham, a Baronet, a peer of the United Kingdom, Lord President ot Her Majesty's MosFHonorable Privy Council, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, etc., etc.; the Right Honorable Sir Stafford Henry Northcote, Baronet, one of Her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, a member*of Parliament, a Companion of the Most Hon orable Order of the Batli, etc., etc.; Sir Ed ward Thornton, Knight Commander of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Her Majesty's envoy extraordinary and minis ter plenipotentiary to the United States of America: Sir John Alexander Macdonald, Knight Commander of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, a member of Her Majes ty's Privy Council for Canada, and Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Her Majesty's Dominion of Canada; and Moun tague Bernard, Esquire, Chichele Professor of international law in the University of Oxford. And the said plenipotentiaries, after hav ing exchanged their full powers, which were found to he in due and proper form, have agreed to and concluded the following ar ticles: article I. Whereas, Differences have arisen be tween the government of the United States and the government of Her Britannic Ma jesty, and still exist, growing out of the acts committed by the several vessels which have given rise to the claims generically known as the "Alabama claims;'' And whereas. Her Britannic Majesty has authorized her high commissioners and plenipotentiaries to express, in a friendly spirit, the regret felt by Her Majesty's gov ernment for the escape, under whatever cir cumstances, of the Alabama and other ves sels from British ports, and for the depreda tions committed by those vessels: Now. in order to remove and adjust all complaints and claims on the part of the United States, and to provide for the speedv settlement of such claims, which are not ad mitted by Her Britannio Majesty's govern ment, the high contracting parties agree that all the said claims, growing out of acts committed by the aforesaid vessels 'and generically known as the "Alabama claims,'' shall he referred to a tribunal of arbitration to be. composed of five arbitra tors, to be appointed in the following man ner, that is to say: One shall be named by the President of the United States; one shall be named by Her Britannic Majesty; His Majesty the K-ng of Italy shall be re quested to name one; the President of the Swiss Confederation shall be requested to name one; and His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil shall be requested to name one. In case of the death, absence, or incapa city to serve of any or either of the said ar bitrators, or, in the event of either of the said arbitrators omitting or declining or ceasing to act as such, the President of the United States, or Her Britannic Majesty, or His Majesty the King of Italy, or the Presi dent of the Swiss Confederation, or His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, as the case may.be, may .forthwith name another per son to act as arbitrator in the place and stead of the arbitrator originally named by such head of a State. And iff the event of the refusal or omis sion for two months after receipt of the re quest from either of the high contracting parties of His Majesty the King of Italy, or the President of the Swiss Confederation, or His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, to name an arbitrator either to fill the original appointment or in the place of one who may have died, be absent, or incapacitated, or who may omit, decline, or from any cause cease to act as such arbitrator, His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway shall be requested to name one or more persons, as the case may be, to aet as such arbitrator or arbitrators. ARTICLE II. The arbitrators shall meet at Geneva, Switzerland, at the earliest convenient day after they shall have been named, and shall proceed impartially and carefully to exam-' me and decide all questions that shall be laid before them on the part of the gov ernments of the United States and Her Britannic Majesty, respectively. All ques tions considered by the tribunal, including the final award, shall be decided by a ma jority of all the arbitrators. Each of the high contracting parties shall also name one person to attend the tribunal as its agent to represent it generally in all matters connected with the arbitration. ARTICLE III. The written or printed case of each of the two paities, accompanied by the documents, the official correspondence, and other evi dence on which each relies, shall he de livered in duplicate to each of the arbitra tors and to the agent of the other party as soon as may be alter the organization of the tribunal, but within a period not exceeding six months from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty. ARTICLE IV. Within lour months after the delivery on both sides of the written or printed case, either party may, in like manner, deliver m duplicate to each of said arbitrators, and to the agent of the other party, a coun ter case and additional documents, cor respondenco and evidence in reply to the case, documents, correspondence and evi dence so presented by the other party. 'Ihe arbitrators may, however, extend the time for delivering such counter case doc uments, correspondence and evidence when, in their judgment, it becomes neces sary, in consequence of the distance of the plaoe from which the evidence to be pre sented is to be prooured. If in the case submitted to the arbitrators either party shall have specified or alluded to any report or document in its own ex clusive possession without annexing a copy such party shall be bound, if the other party thinks proper to apply for it, to fur nish that party with a copy thereof; and .either party' may call upon the other, through the arbitrators, to produce. the originals or certified copies of anv papers adduced as evidence, giving in each in stance such reasonable notice as the arbi trators may require. ARTICLE V. -It shall bo the duty of the agent of each party, within two months after the expira tion of tho time limited for the delivery of the counter case on both sides, to deliver in dhplicate to each of the said arbitrators and to the agent of.the other party a written or printed argument showing the points and relerring to the evidence upon which his government relies; and the arbitrators may, if they desire further elucidation with regard to any point, require a written or printed statement or argument, or oral argument by counsel upon it; but in such case the other party shall be entitled to re ply either orally or in writing, as the case may be. ARTICLE VI. In deciding the matters submitted to the arbitrators, they shall be governed by the of at to of following three rules, which are agreed upon by the high contracting parties as rules to be taken as applicable to the case, and by such principles of international law not inconsistent therewith as the arbitrators shall determine to have been applicable to the case. A neutral government is hound— First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has rea sonable ground- to believe is intended to cruise or carry on war against a power with which it is at peace; and also to use dike diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel hav ing been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within suen jurisdiction, .to warlike use. Secondly, not to permit or suffer either belligerent to make use of its ports waters as the base of naval operations against the other, or for the purpose of the renewal or augmentation of military sup plies oT'arms, or the recruitment of men Thirdly, to exercise due diligence in its own ports and waters, add, as to all per sons within its jurisdiction, to prevent anv violation of the foregoing obligations and duties. Her Britannic Majesty has commanded her high commissioners and plenipotentia ries to declare that Her Majesty's govern ment can not assent to the foregoing rules as a statement of principles of international law which w^re in force at the time when the claims mentioned in Article I arose, but that Her Majesty's government, in order to evince its desire ot strengthening the friendly relations between the two coun tries and of making satisfactory provision for the future, agrees that in deciding the questions between the two countries arising out of those claims, the arbitrators should assume that Her Majesty's government had undertaken to act upon the principles set forth in these rules. And the high contracting parties agree to observe these rules as between themselves in future, and to bring them to the knowl edge of other maritime powers, and to in vite them to accede to them. ARTICLE VII. The decision of the "tribunal shall, if pos sible, be made within three months from the close of the argument on both sides. It shall be made in writing and dated, and shall he signed by the arbitrators who mav assent to it. The said tribunal shall first determine as to each vessel separately whether Great Britain has, by any act or omission, failed to fulfill any of the duties set forth in the foregoing three rules, or recognized by the principles of international law not inconsist ent with such rules, and shall certify such fact as to each of the said vessels. In case the tribunal find that Great Britain lias failed to fulfill any duty or duties as afore said, it may, if it think proper, proceed to award a sum in gross to be paid by Great Britain to the United States for all claims referred to it; and in such case the grpss sum so awarded shall be paid in coin by the government of Great Britain to the govern ment of the United States at Washington, within twelve months alter the date of the award. v The award shall he in duplicate, one copy whereof shall be delivered to tne agent of the United States for his government, and the other copy shall be delivered to the agent of Great Britain for his govern ment. X ARTICLE VIII. Each government shall pay its own agent, and provide for the proper remuneration of the counsel em ployed bv it and of tha arbi'rator appointed by it, and for the expense of pre paring and submitting its case to the tribu nal. All othar expenses connected with the ahitration shall be defrayed by the two governments in equa) moieties. ARTICLE IX. The arbitrators shall keep an accurate record of their proceedings, and ma.v ap point and employ the necessary officers to assist them. ARTICLE X. In case the tribunal finds that Great Britain has failed to fulfil any duty or duties as aforesaid, and does not award a sum in gross, the high contracting parties agree that a board of assessors shall be ap pointed to ascertain and determine what claims are valid, and what amount or amounts shall be paid by Great Britain to the United States on account of the liability arising from such failure, as to each vessel, according to the extent of such, liability as decided by the arbitrators. The board of assessors shall be consti tuted as follows: One member thereof shall be named by the President of the United States, one member thereof shall he named by Her Brittannic Majesty: and one member thereof shall *be named by the representative at Washington of His Majesty the King of Italy; and in case of a vacancy happening from any cause, it shall l>e tilled in the same manner in which the original appointment was made. As soon as possible after such nomina tions the board oi assessors shall be organ ized in Washington, with power to hold their sittings there, or in New York, or in Boston. The members thereof shall sever ally subscribe a solemn declaration that they will impartially and carefully examine and decide, to the best of their ^judgment and according to justice and equity, all mat ters submitted to them, and shall forth with proceed, under such rules and regfilar tions as they may prescribe, to the investi gation of the claims which shall be presented to them by the government of the United States, and shall examine and decide upon them in such order and manner as they may think proper, hut upon such evi dence or information only as shall be fur nished by or on behalf of jlie governments of the United States and of Great Britain, respectively. They shall he hound to hear on each separate claim, if required, one per son on behalf of each government, as coun sel or agent. A majority of the assessors in each case shall be sufficient for a decision. The decision of each assessor shall be given upon each claim in writing, and shall he signed-hy them respectively and dated, Each claim shall be presented to the as sessors within six months fromrthe day of tueir first meeting, but they may, for good cause shown, extend the time for the pre sentation of any claim to a further period, not exceeding three months. The assessors shall report to each govern ment at or before the expiration of one year from the date oi their first meeting* the amount of claims decided by them up to the date of such report; if further claims then remain undecided, they shall make a further report at or before the expiration of two years from the date of such first meeting: and in case any claims remain undetermined at that time, they shall make a final report within a further period of six months. The report or reports shall be made in duplicate, and one copy thereof shall be de livered to the Secretary of State of the United States, and one copy thereof to the representative of Her Britannio Majesty at Washington. All sums of money which may be awarded unaer this article shall be payable at Wash ington, in coin, within twelve months after the delivery of each report. The board, of assessors may employ such clerks as they shall thiuk necessary. The expenses of the hoard of assessors shall be borne equally by the two govern ments, and paid from time to, time, as may be found-expedient, on the production of account* certified by the board. The remu neration of the assessors shall also be paid by the two governments in equal moieties in a similar maimer. ARTICLE XI. The high contracting parties engage to consider the result of the proceedings of the tribunal of arbitration and of the board of assessors, should such board be ap pointed, as a full, perfect and final settle ment of all the claims hereinbefore referred to; and further engage that every such claim, whether the saifie may or may not 1**™ been presented to the notice of, made, preferred, or laid before the tribunal or hoard, shall, from and after the- conclu sion of the proceedings of the tribunal or board, be considered and treated as finally settled, barred, and thenceforth in admissible. ARTICLE XII. ..^kshigh contracting parties agree that all claims on the part of corporations, com pames, or private individuals, citizens of the United States, upon the government of Her Britannic Majesty, arising out of acts commuted against the persons or*, property of the citizens of the United Stalls during the period between the thirteenth of April of as to to in eighteen hundred and sixty-one, and the ninth of April, eighteen hundred and sixty five, inclusive, not being claims growing out of the acts of the vessels referred to in arti cle one of this treaty, and all eiaims, with the like exception, on the part of corporations, companies, or private individuals, sub jects of Her Britannic Majesty, upon the government of the United States, arising out ot acts committed against the persons or property of subjects of Her Britannic Majesty during the same period, which may have been presented to either govern ment for its interposition with the other, and which may yet remain unsettled, as well as any other such claim which may be present ed within Jtlie time specified in article xiv of this treaty, shall be referred to three commissioners, to be appointed in the fol lowing manner, that is to say: One com missioner shall be named by the President of the United States, one by Her Britannic Majesty, and a third by the President of the United States and Her Brittanic Mqjesty conjointly; and in case the third commis sioner shall not have been so earned within a period of three months from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, then the third commissioner shall be named by the representative at Washington of His Majesty the Kin^ of Spain. In case of the death, absence, or incapacity of any commissioner, or in the event of any com missioner omitting or ceasing to act, the jpieaney shall be tilled in the manner here inbefore provided for making the original appointment; the period of three months in case of such substitution being calculated from the date of the happening of the vacancy. The commissioners so named shall meet at Washington at the eariiest convenient period after they have bee" respectively named; and shall, before proceeding to any busi ness, make and subscribe a solemn declara tion that they will impartially and care fully examine* and decide, to the best ot their judgment, and according to justice and equity, all such claims as shall be laid be fore them on the part of the governments of the United States and of Her Britanic Majesty, respectively; and such declaration shall be entered on *tke record of their pro ceedings. ARTICLE XIII. The commissioner shall then forthwith proceed to the investigation of the claitns which shall be presented to them. They shall investigate and decide such claims in such order and such manner as they may think proper, but upon such evidence* or in formation only as shall be furnished by or on behalf of the respective governments. They shall be hound to receive and consider all written documents or statements which may be presented to them by or on behalf of the respective governments in support of, or in answer to, any claim, and to hear, if required, one person on each side, on behalf of each government, on each and every separate claim. A majority of the commissioners shall be sutlicient for an award in each case. The award shall he given upon each claim in writing, and shall be signed by the com missioners assenting to it. It shall be competent for each government to name one person to attend the commissioners as its agent,_ to present and support claims on its behalf, and to answer claims made upon it, and to represent it generally in all matters connected with the investigation and de cision thereof! The high contracting parties hereby en gage to consider the decision of the com missioners as absolutely final and conclusive upon each claim decided upon by them, and to give full effect to such decisions without any objection, evasion or delay whatso ever. ARTICLE xrv. Every claim shall be presented to the commissioners within six months from the day of their first meeting, unless iu any case where reasons for delay shall he estab lished to the satisfaction of the commission ers, and then, and iu any such case, the pe riod for presenting the claim may he extend ed by them to any tune not exceeding three months longer. The commissioners shall he bound to ex amine and decide upon every claim within two years from the day of their first meet ing. It shall he competent for the commis sioners to decide in each case whether anv claim has or has not been duly made, pre ferred, and laid before them, either wholly or to any and what extent, according to the true intent and meaning of this treaty. ARTICLE xv. Ail sums of money which may be awarded by the commissioners on account of any claim shall he paid by the one government to the other, as the case mav be. within twelve months after the date of the final award, without interest, and without any deduction save as specified in article xvi of this treaty. article xvi. The commissioners shall keep an accurate record, and correct minutes or notes of all their proceedings, with • the dates thereof, and may appoint and employ a secretary, and any other necessary officer or officers, to assist them in the transaction of the business which may come before them. Each government shall pay its own com missioner and agent or counsel. All other expenses shall he defrayed by the two gov ernments in equal moieties. The whole expenses of the commission, including contingent expenses, shall be de frayed by a ratable deduction on the amount of the sums awarded by the commissioners, provided always that H*uch deduction shall not exceed the rate of five per cent on the sums so awarded. ARTICLE XVII. The high contracting parties engage to consider the result of the proceedings of this commission as a full, perfect aud"'final settlement of all such claims as are men tioned in article XII of this treatv upon either government; and further engage that every such claim, whether or not the same may have been presented to the notice of, made, preferred or laid before the said com mission, shall, from and after the conclu sion of the proceedings of the said commis sion, be considered and treated as finally settled, barred, and thenceforth inadmiss ible. ARTICLE XVIII. It is agreed by the high contracting. nar ties that, in addition to the liberty secured to the United States fishermen by the con vention between the United States and Great Britain, signed at London on the twentieth day ot October, 1818, of taking, curing, and drying fish on certain coasts of the British North American colonies therein defined, the inhabitants of the United States shall have, in common with the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, the liberty, for the term of years mentioned in article xxxiii of this treaty, to take fish of every kind, ex cept shell-fish, on the sea-coasts and shores, and in the bays, harbors, and creeks, of the g rovinces of Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New irunswick, and the colony of Prince Ed ward's Island, and of the* several islands thereunto adjacent, without being restricted to any distance from the shore, with per mission to land upon the said coasts and shores and islands, and also upon the Mag dalen Islands, for the purpose of drying their nets and curing their fish; provide? that, in so doing, they do not interfere with the rights of private property, or with British fishermen, in the peaceable use of any part ot the said coasts in their occu pancy for the same purpose. It is understood that the above-mentioned libertv applies solely to the sea fishery, and that the salmon and shad fisheries, and all other fisheries in rivers and the mouths of riveijj, are hereby reserved exclusively for British fishermen. . article xix. It is agreed by the high contracting parties that British subjects shall have, in common with the'citizens of the United States, the liberty, for the term of years mentioned in article xxxiii of this treatv, take fish of every kind, except shell fish, on the eastern seacoasts and shores of the United States, north of the thirty-ninth parallel of north latitude, and the shores of the several islands thereunto adjacent, and .in the bays, harbors, and creeks of the -said seacoasts and shores of the United States and of the said islands, without being restricted to any distance from the shore, with permis sion to land upon the said coasts, of the United States and of the islands aforesaid, for the purpose of drying their nets and curing their fish; provided, that in so doing they do not interfere with the rights of private property, or with the fishermen of the United States in the peaceable use of any part of the said coasts in their occupancy for the same purpose. It is understood that the above mentioned liberty applies solely to the sea fishery, and that salmon and shad fisheries, and all other fisheries in rivers and mouths of rivers, are hereby reserved exclusively for fishermen of the United States. ARTICLE XX. It is agreed that the places designated by the> commissioners appointed under the first article of the treaty between the United States and Great Britain, concluded at Wash ington on the fifth of J une, 1854, upon the coasts of Her Britannic Majesty's dominions and the United States, as places reserved from the common right of fishing under that treaty, shall be regarded as in like manlier reserved from the common right of fishing under the preceding articles. In case any question should arise between the gov ernments of the United States and Her Britannic Majesty as to the common right •of fishing in places not thus designated as reserved, it is agreed that a commission shall be appointed to designate such places, and shall be constituted m the same man ner, and have the same powers, duties and authority as the commission appointed un der the said first article of the treaty of the fifth of June, 1854. ARTICLE XXI. It is agreed that, for the term of years mentioned in article xxxiii of this treaty, fish oil and fish of all kinds (except fish of the inland lakes, and of the rivers falling into them, and except fish preserved in oil), being the produce of the fisheries of the United States, or of the Dominion of Can ada, or of Prince Edward's Island, shall be admitted into each country, respectively, free of duty. ARTICLE XXII. Inasmuch as it is asserted by the govern ment of Her Britannic Majesty that the privileges accorded to the citizens of the United States under article xviii of this treaty are of greater value than those accorded by articles xix and xxi of this treaty to the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, and this assertion is not admitted by the government of the United States, it is further agreed that commisioners shall he appointed-to determine, having regard to the privileges accorded by the United to the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, as stated in articles xix and xxi of this treaty, the amount of any compensation which, in their opinion, ought to be paid by the government of the United States to the government of Her Britannic Majesty in return for the privileges accorded to the citizens of the United States under article xviii of this treaty; and that any sum of money which the said commissioners may so award shall he paid by the United States government in a gross sum within twelve months after such award shall have been given. ARTICLE XXIII. The commissioners referred to in the pre ceding article shall be appointed in the fol lowing manner. that is to say: One commis sioner shall be named by the President of the United States, one by Her Britannic Majesty, and a third by the* President of the United* States and Her Britannic Majesty conjointly; and in case the third commis sioner Shall not have been so named within a period of three months from the date when this article shall take efl'ect, then the third commissioner shall be named by the representative at London of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria and King of Hun gary. In case of the death, absence, or in capacity of any commissioner, or in the event of any commissioner omitting or ceasing to act. the vacancy shall he filled in the manner hereinbefore provided for mak ing the original appointment, the period of three months in case of such substitution being calculated from the date of the happen g ot the vacancy. I he commissioners so named shall meet in the city of Halifax, in the province of Nova Scotia, at the eailiest convenient period after they have been respectively named, and shall, before proceeding to any busi ness, make and subscribe a solemn declara tion tkut they will impartially and care fully examine and decide the matters re ferred to them to the best of their judg ment, and according to justice aud equity; and such declaration shall be entered on the record of their proceedings. Each of the high contracting parties shall also name one person to attend the commis sion as its agent, to represent it generally in all matters connected with the commis sion. ARTICLE XXIV. The proceedings shall be conducted iu such order as the commissioners appointed under articles xxii and xxiii of this treaty shall determine. They shall be bound to receive such oral or written testimony as either government may present. If either party shall offer oral testimony,- the other party shall have the right of cross-examina tion, under such rules as the commissioners shall prescribe. If in the case submitted to the commis sioners either party shall have specified or alluded to any report or document in its own exclusive possession, without annex ing a copy, such party shall be bound, if the other party thinks proper to apply for it, to furnish that party with a copy thereof; and either party may call upon the other, through the commissioners, to produce the originals or certified copies of any papers adduced as evidence, giving in each in stance such reasonable notice as the com missioners may require. The case on either side shall be closed within a period of six months from the date of the organization of the commission, and the commissioners shall be requested to give their award as soon as possible there after. The aforesaid period of six months may be extended for three months in case of a vacancy occurring among the com missioners under the circumstances con templated in article xxiii of this treaty. ARTICLE XXV. The commisioners shall keep an.accurate record and correct minutes or notes of all their processings, with the dates thereof, and may appoint and employ a secretary and any other necessary officer or ofiioers to assist them in the transaction of the busi ness which may come before them. Each of the high contracting parties shall pay its own commissioner ami agent or counsel; all other expenses shall be de frayed by the two governments in equal moieties. ARTICLE XXVI. The navigation of the river St. Lawrence, ascending aud descending, from the forty filth parallel of north latitude, where it ceases to form the boundary between the two countries, from, to, and into. the sea, shall forever remain free and open for the purposes of commerce to the citizens of the United States, subject to any laws and regulations of Great. Britain, or of the Do minion of Canada, not inconsistent with such privilege of free navigation. The navigation of the rivers Yukon, Por cupine and Stikine, ascending and descend ing, from, to, aud into the sea, shall forever remain free and open for the purposes of commerce to the subjects of her Britannic Majesty and to the citizens of the United States, subject to any laws and regulations of either country within its own territory, not inconsistent with such privilege of free navigation. ARTICLE XXVII. The government of Her Britannic Ma jesty engages to urge upon the government of the Dominion of Canada to secure to the citizens of the United States the use of the Welland, St. Lawrence, and other canals in the Dominion on terms of equality with the inhabitants of the Dominion; and the gov ernment of the United States engages that the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty shall enjoy the use of the St. Clair Flats canal on terms of equality with the inhabit ants of the United States, and further en gages to urge upon the State governments to secure to the subjects of Her Britannio Majesty the URe of the several State canals connected with the navigation of the lakes or rivers traversed by or contiguous to the boundary line between the possessions of the high contracting parties, on terms of equality with the inhabitants oi the United States. ARTICLE XXVIII. The navigation of Lake Michigan shall also, for the term of years, mentioned in article xxxiii of this treaty, be free and open for the purposes of commerce to the subjects of Her Britannio Majebty, subject to any laws and regulations of the United States or of the States bordering thereon not inconsistent with such privilege of free navigation. f ARTICLE XXIX. It is agreed that, for the term of years mentioned in article xxxiii of this treaty, goods, wares or merchandise arriving at the ports of New York, Boston and Portland, and any other ports in the United States it 1 which have been or may, from time to time, be specially designated by the President of the United States, 'and destined for Her Britannic Majesty's possessions in North America, may be entered at the proper customhouse and conveyed in transit, with out the payment of duties, through the ter ritory of the United States, under such rules, regulations and conditions for the protection of the revenue as the govern ment of the United States may from time to time prescribe; and under like rules, regu lations and copditipns, goods, wares or mer chandise may be conveyed in transit, with out the payment of duties, from such pos sessions through the territory of the United States for export from the sai4 ports of the United States. It is further agreed that, for the like period, goods, wares or merchan dise arriving at any of the ports of Her Britannic Majesty's possessions in North America, and destined for the United States, may be entered at the proper customhouse and conveyed in transit, without the pay ment of duties, through the said possessions, under such rules aud regulations, and con ditions for the protection of the revenue as the governments of the said possessions may from time to time prescribe; and, un der like rules, regulations, and conditions, goods, wares, or merchandise may be con veyed in transit, without payment of duties, from the United States through the said possessions to other places in the United States, or for export from ports in the said possessions. ARTICLE XXX. It is agreed that, for the term of years mentioned in article xxxiii of this treaty, subjects of Her Britannic Miyesty may carry iu British vessels, w ithout payment of duty, goods, wares, or merchandise from one port or place within the territory of the United States upon the St. Law rence, the Great Lakes, and the rivers connecting the same, to another port or place within the territory of the United States as aforesaid provided, that a portion of such transpor tation is made through the Dominion of Canada by land carriage and iu bond, un der Such rules and fegulations as may be agreed upon between the sjoveinuient of Her Britannic Majesty and the government of the United States. Citizens of the United States may for the like period carry in United States vessels, without payment of duty, goods, wares, or merchandise from one port or place within the possessions of Her Britannic Majesty in North America to another port or place within the said possessions; provided, that a portion of such transportation is made through the territory of the United States by laud carnage and in bond, under such rules and regulations as may be agreed upon between the government of the United States and the government of Her Britan nic Majesty. The government of the United States further engages not to impose any export duties on goods, wares, or merchandise car ried under this article through the territory of the United States; and Her Majesty's government engages to urge the Parliament of the Dominion of Can ada and the legislatures of the other colonies not to impose .any export duties on good, wares, or merchandise carried under this article; and the government of the United States may. in case such export duties are imposed by the Dominion of Canada, sus pend, during the period that such duties are imposed, tho right of carrying granted under this article in favor of the subjects of Her Britanuic Majesty. The government of the United States may suspend the right of carrying granted iu favor of the subjects of Her Britannio Majesty under tliis article, in case the Do minion of Canada should at any time de prive the citizens of the United* Stares of the use of the canals in the said Dominion on terms of equality w ith the inhabitants, of tli* Dominion, as provided in article xxvii. ARTICLE XXXI. I The government of Her Britannic Ma jesty further eugages to urge upon the Par liament of the Dominion of Canada and the Legislature of New Brunswick, that no ex port duty, or other duty, shall be levied on lumber or timber of any kind cut on that portion of the American territory in the State of Maine watered by the river St. John and its tributaries, aud floated down that river to the sea. when the same is shipped to the United States from the Province of Nejv Brunswick. And, yn caso any such export or other duty con tinues to be levied after the expiration of one year Irom the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, it is agreed that the government of the Unitejl States may suspend the right of carrying herein beioro granted under article xxx of this treaty for such period as such export or other duty may be levied. ARTICLE XXXII. It is further agreed that the provisions and stipulations ol' articles xviii to xxv of this treaty, inclusive, shall extend to the colony of Newfoundland, so far as they are applicable. But if the Imperial Parlia ment, the Legislature of Newfoundland, or the Congress of the United States, shall not embrace the colony of Newfoimlgpd in their laws enacted for carrying the forego ing articles into effect, then this article shall be of no effect; hut the omission to make provision by law to give it efl'ect, by either of the legislative bodies aforesaid, shall not in any way impair any other ar ticles of this treaty. ARTICLE XXXIII. The foregoing articles xviii to xxv, in clusive, and article xxx of this treaty, shall take efl'ect as soon as the laws required to carry them iuto operation shall have been passed by the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain, by the Parliament of Canada, and by the Legislature of Prince Edward's Island on the one hand, and by the Con gress of the United States on the other. Such assent having been given, the said ar ticles shall remain in force for the period of ten years from the date at which they may come into operation; and further until the expiration of two years alter either of the high contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of its wish to terminate the same; each of the high contracting par ties being at liberty to give such notice to the other at the end of the said period of ten years or at any time afterward. ARTICLE XXXIV. Whereas, it was stipulated by article one of the treaty concluded at Washington ou the fifteenth of June, 1846, between the United States and Her Britannio Majesty, that the line of boundary between the ter ritories of the United States and those of Her Britannic Miyesty, from the point on the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude up to which it had already been ascertained, should be continued westward along the said parallel of north latitude "to the mid dle of the channel which separates the con tinent from Vancouver's Island, and thence southerly, through the midale of said chan nel and of- Fuca Straits, to the Pacific Ocean; and whereas, the commissioners ap pointed by the two high contracting parties to determine that portion of the boundary which runs southerly through the middle of the channel aforesaid, were unable to agree upon the same; and whereas, the govern ment of Her Britannio Majesty claims that such boundary line should, under the terms of the treaty above recited, be run through the Rosario Straits, and the governm«it'of the United States claims that it should he run through the Canal de Haro, it is agreed that the respective claims of the govern ment of the United States and of the gov ernment of Her Britannic Majesty shall be submitted to the arbitration and award of His (Majesty the Emperor of Germany, who having regard to the above mentioned ar ticle of the said treaty, shall decide there upon, finally and without appeal, which ot those claims is most in accordance with the true interpretation of the treatv of June 15, 1846. J ARTICLE XXXV. * The award of His Majesty the Emperor oi Germany shall be considered as absolutely final and conclusive; and full effect shall be given to such award without any objec tion, evasion or delay whatsoever. Such decision shall be given in writing and dated; it shall be m whatsoever form His Majesty may choose to adopt; it shall be delivered 1 * "?® representatives or other public agents of the United States and of Great Britain, respectively, who may he actually at Ber lin, and shall be considered as operative from the day of the date of the delivery thereof. article xxxvi. .The written or printed ease of each of the two parties, accompanied by the evidence of offered in support of the same, shall be laid before His _ Majesty the Emperor pf Ger many within six months from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, and a copy of such ease and evidence shall he communicated by each partv to the other, throngh their respective representa tives at Berlin. The high contracting parties may include in the evidence^) be considered % the ar bitrator such documents, official correspond ence, and other official or public statements hearing on the subject of the reference as they may consider neeessary to the support of their respective cases. After the written or printed case shall have been commnnicated by each party to the other, each party shall nave the power of drawing up and laying before the arbi trator a second and definitive statement, if it think fit to do so, in reply to the case of the other party 4fo communicated, which definitive statement shall be so laid before the arbitrator, and also be mutually com municated in the same manner as aforesaid, by each party to the other, within six months from the date of laying the first statement of the case before the arbitrator. ARTICLE XXXIII. If, in the case submitted to the arbitrator, either party shall specify or allude to any report or document in its own exclusive possession without annexing a copy, such party shall be bound, if the other party thinks proper to apply for it, to furnish that party with a c6py thereof, and either party may call upon the other, through the arbi trate!, to produce the originals or certified copies of any papers adduced as evidence, giving in each instance such reasonable notice as the arbitrator may require. And if the arbitrator Bhould desire further elucidation or evidence with regard to any point contained in the statements laid be fore him, he shall be at liberty to require it from either party, and he shall be at liberty to hear one counsel or agent for each party in relation to any matter, and at such time and in such manner as he may think 'fit. ARTICLE XXXVIII. The representatives or other, public agents of the United States and of Great Britain at Berlin," respectively, shall be con sidered as the agents of their respective governments to conduct their eases before the arbitrator, who shall be requested to address all of his communica tions, and give all his notices to such repre sentatives or other public agents, who shall represent their respective governments, generally, in all matters connected with the arbitration. ARTICLE XXXIX. It shall be competent to the arbitrator to proceed in the said arbitration, and all mat ters relating thereto, as and when he shall see fit, either in person, or by a person or persons named by him for that purpose, either in the presence or absence of either or both agents, and either orally or by written discussion or otherwise. ARTICLE XL. The arbitrator may, if he think fit, ap point a secretary, or clerk, for the purposes of the proposed arbitration, at such rate of remuneration as he shall think proper. This, and all other expenses of and con nected witn the said arbitration, shall be provided for as hereinafter stipulated. ARTICLE XLI. The arbitrator shall be requested to de liver. together with his award, an aocount of,all the costs and expenses which he may have been put to in relation to this matter, which shall forthwith be repaid by the two governments in equal moieties. ARTICLE XLII. JThe arbitrator shall be requested to give lifs award in writing as early as convenient after the whole case on each side shall have been laid before him, and to deliver ou© copy thereof to each of the said agents, ARTICLE XLIII. . The present treatv shall be duly ratified by the President of the Unitejd States of America, by and with the advice and con sent of the Senate thereof, and by Her Britannic Majesty; and the ratifications shall be exchanged either at Washington or at London within six months from the date hereof, or earlier, if possible. In faith whereof, we, the respective pleni potentiaries, have signed this treaty and have hereunto affixed our seals. Done in duplicate at Washington, the eighth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy one. HAMILTON FISH. ROBERT C. SCHENCK. SAMUEL NELSON. EBENEZER ROCKWOOD HOAR. GEORGE H. WILLIAMS. De GREY & RIPON. STAFFORD H. NORTHCOTTE. EDWARD THORNTON, JOHN A. MACDONALD. MOUNTAGUE BERNARD. And whereas the said treaty has been duly ratified on both parte, and the respec tive ratifications of the same were exchanged in the city of London, on the seventeenth day of J une, eighteen hundred and seventy one, by Robert C. Sehenek, Envoy Extra ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of tke United States, and Earl Granville, Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State fbr Foreign Affairs, on the part of their respec tive governments: Now, therefore, be it known that I, Ulysses S. Grant, President of the United States of America, have caused the said treaty to be made public, to the end that the same, and every clause and article thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, this fourth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy one, and of the Independence of the United States the ninety sixth. U. S. GRANT. By the President,: Mr Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State. A PROCLAMATION by the President of the United States of America. Whereas, On the twenty-second dav of August, 1870, mv proclamation was issued, enjoining neutrality in the present war be tween France and the North German Con federation and its allies, and declaring, so far as then seemed to he necessary, the re spective rights and obligations of the belig qrent parties and of 'rhe citizens of the the United States: . And whereas, Subsequent information gives reason to apprehend that armed cruisers of the belligerents may be tempted to abuse the hospitality accorded to them m the ports, harbors, roadsteads, ami other waters of the United States, by making ^ar wa * ers 8U bservient to the purposes of No'w therefore, I, Ulysses S. Grant, Pres ident of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim and declare that any fre quenting and use of the waters within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States by the armed vessels of either bel erent, whether public ships or pri vateers, for the purpose of preparing lor hostile operations, or as posts- of observation upon the ships of war or irivateers or merchant vessels of the other Jelligerent, lying within or being about to enter-the jurisdiction of the United States, must he regarded as unfriendly and offen sive, and ui violation of that neutrality ■whiclpit is the determination of this gov ernment to observe; and to the end that tho hazard and iuconvenience of such appre- • hended practices may be avoided, I further proclaim and declare that from and after the twelfth day of October instant, and during the contiuuance of the present hos tilities between France and the North Ger man Confederation and its allies, no ship of war or privateer of either belligerent shall be permitted to make, use of any port, bar bor, roadstead, er other waters within th© jurisdiction of the United States as a station or place of resort tor any warlike purpose, or tor tho purpose of obtaining any facili ties ot warlike equipment,; ana no ship of war or privateer of either belligerent shall be permitted to sail out of or leave any port, harbor, roadstead, or wateis subjeot to the jurisdiction of tho United States from a ™ esel of the other belligerent (whether the same shall be a ship of JLon x a P^vateer, or a merchant ship) snail have previously departed, until after tne expiration of at least twenty-four hours irom the departure of such last mentioned vessel beyond the jurisdiotien of the United states. If any ship of war or privateer of