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|lnv (Orlrans Republican.
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'* THE WEEKLY REPUBLICAN 1* published every iSaturday meaning, and contains the news by telegraph, miscellaneous reading, edi torial*. local matters of general public interest, commercial and monetary reports, and everything that appears in the Daily, except such items as are Of li ttle or no public moment. The WEEKLY RE FCBLICAN is an excellent family paper, valuable as well for Instruction and amusement as informa tion on the current topics of the day. Term* ef Subscription. One year, $5; six months, $2 50. Advertisements. Transient advertisements same terms as in the Daily. Monthly advertisements Inserted, for one fourth of the dailyTates. A liberal commission allowed to those who send US clubs of five or more. SUPRE ME C OURT. The New Orleans, Mobile an«f Texas Rail road Bond Case—Full Text of the De cision. New Orleans, Mobile and Texas Railroad Company vs. James Graham', Auditor, et al.—Appeal from the Eighth District Court of New Orleans This is an action brought by mandamus to compel the State Auditor and the State Treasurer to register certain bonds issued by the State in aid of the company in the construction of their rail road through the State of Louisiana. This act of registration t$fe defendants are re quired to perform by the seventh section of the act of incorporation, approved Feb ruary 21, 1870. The relators show by that act the State is bound to furnish, in aid of the enterprise, State bonds of the State of Louisiana to the amount of three millions of dollars, to be issued in installments of seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars each, as the work l of construction progressed, and should be completed to certain specified points within the boundaries of the State. They show that according to the conditions of the legis lative act aforesaid, they have completed' the construction of the road from a point on the Mississippi river opposite New Orleans or Carrollton, to the Bayou Lafourche, and that the company,- by the said act of incor poration, is entitled to receive State bonds for the first installment of seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars. They show that according to the provi sions of the act of incoiporation, .the Gov ernor ot the State has caused to be executed the number of State bonds required for the first installment of seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and the bonds have been presented to the Auditor and Treasurer for registration—an act the relators the registration—an act the relators aver the said officers are required to perform by she seventh section of the act of incorporation. TTiey allege that the Auditor and Treasurer refuse to perform the act of registration so # required of them by law, and declare their * purpose not to peiform it. A rule nisi was granted by tbe judge a quo, and the defend ants show for cause: That by the third amendment of the con stitution of the State, promulgated on the fifteenth of December, 1870, it is provided that "prior to the first day ot January, 1890, the debt of the State shall not be so increased as to exceed twenty-five millions of dollars." That prior to the first day of Alune, 1871. the debt of the State exceeded the sum of twenty-five millions of dollars That the claims set up by tbe relators formed no part of the debt of the State on tljfe fifteenth day of December, 1870, and are not now a part of that debt, and they form no part of the current expenditures of the State necessary for its government, or for the maintenance of its peace and order. That the Legislature was without power to pass the act under which the relators claim, the act being null and void having been passed in violation of the third amend ment of tbe State constitution. The re spondents aver that the relators constitute a private corporation, its property private property; that it is managed and controlled for the individual benefit and advantage of its stockholders, and tba-t the Legislature | was without power to pass an act of dona tion or gratuity to a private person or cor poration for his or its private advantage and benefit; and that the act aforesaid is, therefore, null and void. That as the offi cers of the State of Louisiana they have taken an oath to support the constitution thereof, and can not be required to perform an act in violation of their oath. On hearing the case in the court below, the judge a quo ordered the mandamus made peremptory, and the respondent* have appealed. The legislative act, approtffcd on the on twentv-hrst of February, 1870, extending tte wd of the State to the New Orleans, Mtihile Bun c ,hn.tta.nnnnra 'Raiirna.i Onm. Mobile and Chattanooga Railroad Com pany, must be regarded in the light of a contract between the State and the com pany. The act, as we have seen, became a law of tfie State by tbe approval of the Governor, on the twenty-first of February, 1870. The amendment to the State consti tution forbidding 1 the increase of the State debt beyond the sum of $25,000,000, was promulgated and went into effect on the fifteenth of December, 1870. The effect of this amendment can not be retroactive; Tki3 would be determined upon elementary principles. Besides upon no sound view of the purpose and intention of the people of the State, in incorporating the third amendment into their State con stitution, can we conclude that the amend ment contemplated any infriegement of the obligations of the State lawfully entered into prior to its adoption. The act of twen ty-first of February, 1870, was in aid of an important public work, doubly regarded tbe Legislature as tending very greatly increase the commer.ce'and prosperity of the State, as of paramount importance as a . „ , , donation or gratuity to a private person or a private Corporation for its pnv ate ad vantage, and without effect as urged by the respondents. . ... \\ e tluuk that m refusing to register the bonds, as required by the act we have had measure of public policy Considering what we take to have been the controlling motives of the Legislature in extending the aid ef the State to the con struction of the road through its limits, we can not regard the aid so given as a mere under consideration,' the respondents eri^d. It is therefore ordered that the judgment of the district court be affirmed, with costs. Supreme Court Decisions. [From the Monroe Intelligencer.] On Wednesday, July 26, the following de cisions were rendered: BY!CHIEF JUSTICE LUDELING. Consolidated Association of Planters vs. James W. Watson et al; judgment of the district court affirmed. Hodge Rabun vs. L. Cage, administrator, et al.; ordered to be remanded to tbe lower court, to be tried in accordance with the de cree of this court. On Thursday, the twenty-seventh of July, Jthe following deeimons were ren dered; i. ■ BY JUSTICE HOWELL. Henderson McFarland vs. E. K. Russ, sheriff, etal.; ordered that the judgment ap pealed from be reversed, and tijat there be judgment in favor of plaintiff, perpetuating the injunction. Cornelia Hart, tutrix, vs. Hoes & Elder, administrators, and T. E. Hart vs. Hoss oc Elder, ordered that a writ of certorian is sue, to enable parties to perfect the record* On Friday, July 28, the court rendered the following: ET CHIEF JUSTICE LUDELING B. W. Smith vs. Mrs. E. L. Henderson and sheriff of the parish of Morehouse; ordered that the judgment of the district court be annulled and that there be judgment in fhvor of plaintiff, perpetuating the injune tion. Justices Wyly and Howe dissenting. BT JUSTICE TALIAFERRO. State of Louisiana ex reL New Orleans, Mobile and Texas Railroad Company vs, James Graham, Auditor, et al.; from the Eighth District Court, parish of Orleans; judgment of the district court affirmed, compelling the auditor to register the bonds in favor of the railroad. , Ford dt Swan vs. W. H. Letchford & Co., et al.; judgment affirmed. Justice Wyly dissenting. Jonas Robeson vs. Joseph Howell; from parish of Caddo; ordered that the judgment of the lower court be annulled, avoided and reversed; further ordered that the original dimensions and area of block No. 9, owned by plaintiff, be maintained, by giving to each of its sides the length of the three hun dred and twenty feet, as originally laid off, and as shown by the map or diagram in evi dence, marked H, the said block being bounded on three of its sides by Common, Lake and Louisiana streets; that the fourth side, to complete the square of four equal sides of three hundred and twenty feet each, form the boundary of block No. 9, owned by plaintiff,.and fractional ten acre lot, the property of defendant. BY JUSTICE WYLY. L. Templeman, curator, vs. C. M. Peques, curator, T. 31. Daniel, intervenor; ordered that the judgment of the lower court be annulled, avoided and reversed; ordered that the plaintiff's demand be rejected; fur ther ordered, that the intervention be dis missed. Justice Taliaferro and Howell dissenting. F. C. Peek et al. vs. C. N. Gillie and hus band; judgment affirmed. James A. Simpson vs. J. J. Hope, sheriff, et al.; ordered that the judgment of the lower court be annulled, and that the case be remanded, with instructions that the plaintiff be permitted to introduce proof of his plea that he was not cited, and was not a party to the judgment rendered against him. M. 31. Cglderwood vs. William Calder wood. Rehearing refused. BY JUSTICE HOWE. B. G. Sc S. R. Stewart vs. Looney Sc Wells; judgment affirmed Justices Wyly and Taliaferro dissenting. B. G. Sc S. R. Stewart vs. Samuel Levy; judgment affirmed. Justices Taliaferro and Wviy dissenting. State of Louisiana ex rel. W. W. Farmer, District Attorney, vs .J. L. Hunsicker et al. and J. B. Garrettson et al. vs. H. Filhiol et ah; these are the cases relative to our city government; appeals dismissed; the offices in contest not exceeding in value the sum of $500, this court has no jurisdiction. State of Louisiana vs. Martin Tally; judg ment affirmed. M. P. G. Allen, executor, vs. 31. S. Cutliff and husband; judgment affirmed. The following decrees were rendered on Saturday, the twenty-ninth instant: BY CHIEF JUSTICE LUDELING. Heirs of Brown vs. E. Sc B. Jacobs; judg. ment affirmed. Georgelina Hastings vs. Rebecca Brant ley, executrix, et al.; judgment affirmed. S. D. Arick vs. Walsh & Boisseau et al.; ordered that the judgment of the lower court be avoided; that there be judgment in favor of plaintiff's, perpetuating the in junction and recognizing his superior rights on the proceeds ot the property sold under execution ot the defendants, to the extent of his rents. BY JUSTICE TALIAFERRO. C. T. Dunn ve. John Cahlerwoock judg ment affirmed. Wells & Jones et al. ve. Caldwell & Cox et al.; ordered that the judgment of the district court be annulled, avoided and reversed; further ordered that the bounda ries betrften the ten acre lots, numbered 32, 33 and 34, be established as ascertained . . _______________________ by the lines run, marked and designated by William R. Devoe, City Surveyor of Shreve port, and displayed and expressed in his . , . administration. Justices Howell and Howe dissenting, h' map of survey and report accc-mpanving the same, and which are filed as evidence in this case. BY JUSTICE HOWELL. Stewart Sc Theus vs. 31. A. Walsh, Sheriff et al.; judgment affirmed. John 31. Evan* vs. C. M. Peques, curator, et al.; ordered that the judgment appealed from be reversed and that the plaintiff re cover from C. 31. Peques, curator of the suc cession of J. Daniels, deceased, the sum of $11,792 75, with'eight per cent interest from the fifth day of April, 1862, till paid, less a credit of $2688, paid April 4. 1867; to be paid in due course of administration. *On Monday, July 31, the following deci sions were rendered: BY CHIEF JUSTICE LUDELING. Walker Sc Vaught vs. G. W. Kimbrough, administrator, K. B. Sadler, intervenor, et al.; ordered that the judgment of the lower court be annulled, avoided and reversed; and that there be judgment ixl tavor of the plaintiffs for the sum of ;*?227 19, with five per cent interest to be paid in due course of State of Louisiana ex rel vs. J. B. Gil more et al; this is the Shreveport contest for office; ordered that the judgment of the court a quo be reversed, and, that- the case be remanded, to be proceeded with accord ing to law. BY .7U8TICE TALLIAFERRO. * J. II. Mitchell, dative testamentary exec utor, vs. Abraham Levy; ordered that the judgment of the district court be avoided, annulled and reversed; further ordered that the sequestration taken out by plaintiff be set aside, and that the defendant be set be . quieted in his title and possession of the tract of land purchased by him at the pro bate sale of the succession, of John Liles, I Chief Justice Ludeling and Jus deceased. tice Howe dissenting. BY JUSTICE nOWELL. S. A. Bell vs. Franeke Sc Daneel: same vs. D. Douglas, sheriff, et als.; ordered that ^omuch of the judgment in the case of S. A. Bell vs. D. R. ■ Douglas", rendered 3Iay 31, 1871, as perpetuated; the injunction herein of the judgment of B. Silbernagel Sc *^°- be reversed, and that said injunction be set aside, with twenty per oent damages " n t!ie enjoined, in favor of B. bil bernagel & Co., and that in other respects said judgment and the one of same date in Ia y, or ,?, franeke & Daneel be affirmed, . L. 1 ale, Jr., Sc Co. vs. J. H. Howard; or deredthat the judgment appealed frombe reversed, and that plaintiffs recover of de fondants the sum of $1960, with legal inter I f 8 *,"? m judicial demand. Chfot Jus-ice Dudeling and Justice Taliaferro dissenting, by justice wyly. H. Ware Sc Sou ve. A. P. 3Iorris; judg ment affirmed. Chief Justice Ludeling and | Justice Taliaferro dissenting. J. T. Swan vs. Ann L. Gayle; Judgment affirmed. The Monroe Intelligencer says of the weather and crops: , During the past week we have had more rain> an j [ eavs \ le entertained that the cot-' ton ^11 j, e injured. Monday and Tuesday morn i„ g8 we had heavy fogs. The weather is anything but seasonable, and will be uro J fluctive of sickness, The rivpr continues to fall rapidlv. leav ing, however, sufficient water to 'enable boats to make regular tgjps. Cotton is growing rapidlv, and there is hope that a two-thirds crop will be made. The boll worm has already made its ap pearance on several plantations, and shopld the rainy weather continue, it is appre heuded that the army worm will put in an appearance._ _jpjjpsc* Orfe of the Paris women, on bei by the officer who seized her, "Yi brave—you have killed two of my Rtf sponded wildly: "May the'curse of Almighty always rest upon my soul for not killing more! J I had two 80ns at Issy, who were both kiHed, and two at Neuilly, Who shared the same fate. My husband died at j this barricade, and now do with me what ] you will." The woman was shot. } WINNE.UA. Surely the genius of poetry has thrown his mantle around Joaquin Miller, the new California poet. The Golden State has sud denly opened her golden gate, and flooded^ the world with golden rhymes. " Songs or the Sierras," Mr, Miller styles his book, and from cover to cover is redolent with inspira tion, as we are sure any one will believe who reads the following extract from " The Tale of the Tall Alcade 11 Behold the clouds," Winnema said " All purple with the blood of day: , The night has conquered in the rrar. The shadows live and light is dead." She turned to Shasta gracefully, Around whose hoar and mighty head Still roll'd a sea of golden red. While troops of clouds a space below Were drifting wearily ana slow, As seeking shelter for the night, Like weary sea-birds in their flight; Then curved her right arm gracefully Above her brow, and bow'd her knee, And chanted in an unknown tongue Words sweeter than were ever sung. " And what means this!" I gently said; "J spoke to God, the Yopitoue, The king on yonder snowy throne," She softly said, with drooping head; " I bow'd to God. He heard me sjieak, 1 felt His firm breath on iny cheek, He heard me my desires tell, And He is good and all is well.'' ' The dappled and the dimpled skies, The sweet stars and the tinted moon, • All smiled as sweet as sun at noon. Her eyes were like the rabbit's eyes, Her mien, her manner, just as miid, And though a savage war-chiefs child, She would not harm the lowliest worm. And though her beaded foot was firm, And though her airy step was true, She would not crush a drop of <lew. Her love was deeper than the sea Aud stronger thau the tidal rise, And clung in all its strength to me. A face like hers is never seen This side the gates of Paradise Save in some oriental dream, And then none ever sees it twice— Is seen but once, and seen no more, Seen but to tempt the skeptic soui, And show a sample of the whole That Heaven has in store. REFOR31ED ON A WINDOW silEU. A New and True Story of How a Rowdy was Tamed. [From the St. Paul Press.] A St. Paul gentleman of undoubted vera city tells the following anecdote, which is vouched for as true in every particular. It has never before appeared in print, and the readers ot the Press will, therefore, find it not only an original but highly interesting little story: A very funny incident occurred at a small hotel in Michigan, a lew weeks ago, which, having never been recorded in ink, and being too rich to lose, is hereby thrown out as a lunch to the lovers of fun and reform, Owing to an auction sale of considerable property, real and personal, the town during day was lively with strangers, and tbe lead ing hotel so densely crowded with guests that every room was filled to the fullest ex tent. One big, brawny fellow, who, when sober, was a. favorite with everybody, but who on this occasion had indulged in a' little more corn juice than he could conveniently control, was so boisterous and quarrelsome that his conduct became almost unendur able. He forcibly kissed tbe pretty land lady, pulled tha bar-tender's nose, and threatened if he was not allowed a whole bed to himselfXtu whip his weight in wild cats More morning. Entering a room containing four beds— with two persons in each—at about the hour Of midnight, lid pulleu both occupants from one bed, and threatened to punchy eyes out of any dozen men who doubted his science and superiority as a shoulder hitter. No one dared express a doubt on the subject, and a few n/inutes .afterward, when all was quiet and the light extin guished, the door was suddenlv heard to open and close with a slam, an<l the calm, iron voice of a man, standing in the middle of the room, exclaimed, -Bill Kurdy, get out of that bed! and don't you speak word or you're a dead man ! I am the City Marshal of Detroit, and I've been look ini for you all day. I know you, Bill Kurdt% of old; and by the great Eternal, if you so much as open your mouth in a whisper, I'll send your soul to eternity as much quicker than lightning as lightning is quicker'n a lame cow! " and the sentence was punct uated by the ominous click of a Colt's re volver. Every man in the room was wide awake as if it had been noonday; and although the dark was so intense that not even the outlines of the intrepid officer's form could he seen, his presence was felt by all present; his firm, unflinching voice, with its thrilling corpse-like accent, told but too plainly that he had carefully weighed the job before him, and was prepared on the slightest provocation to snuff out the bully's life with as little hesitation as he would ex tinguish a candle. The rowdy arose from the bed, trembling in the knees like a frightened dog, and after sufficient time had elapsed for him to don his nether garments, he was ordered in the same resolute, death-defying voice to "Mount the window sill! " In a rough- and tumble fight Bill Kurdy was no coward. He could in such moments see his way out of trouble in the last ex tremity by screaming •'enough;'' but here was experience of a different quality. The man now to contend with .was Lis'master by the aid of law. of darkness, and the un mistakable click of a Colt's revolver: and he mounted the window sill with the do cility of a trained monkey. "Now. remain where you are 1'' exclaimed the bloodthirsty marshal, "and if you so much as cross your legs, move vour arms, or open your mouth, until the cluck strikes five, that moment you are a dead man !" Kurdy took the seat indicated, and with chattering teeth and swollen eyeballs, staring into the inky blackness of night, watched the gloomily passing hours until the light of morning began slowly to steal ill at the windows, and reveal indistinct out lines of the various beds and their drowsy occupants. But no Detroit marshal was to be seen, and the room was as quiet as the cobwebs on a contribution box. Thinking that there was now an opportunity to redeem his repu tation for courage, and the effects of the had whisky being nearly gone. Bill fiercely gazes, through the dim light, annd ex claimed: "Where's the man that's going to shoot somebod v ?" "Here i" came a reply in angry tones from the outside of tbe door. "Here ! follow me to the office below, and learn after this to never play the bully, unless you know the* company you are in." Kundy repaired to the office and from there to the bam, but no where could the fighting officer be found. A few hours after ward. while at breakfast, sitting opposite Signor Blitz, the world renow ned ventrilo quist, and Forbes, the successful manager, the man was honestly and persistently re counting his night of fright and mi'serv, when, expressing a willingness to pay 'a hundred dollars to know how the marshal left the room without being seen, he was suddenly struck dumb with terror by hear ing the click of a pistol at his ear, and the magic-like exclamation: « "Mount that window sill!" The joke was instantly seen and appre ciated by all present, and Kurdy had the practical sense and good nature to join in the laugh aud exclaim: "Cap'n, I ain't so bad as I look. I was drunk last night, and made a fool of myself; and I'm glad you taught me a lesson. * But by the horned ftooons, I'll get even with you by footing your party's bill at the hotel! " Bill kept his word: and. as he mounted his horse a short time afterward, he ex claimed, "Gentlemen! I've drank my last glass of liquor, and you can put this down as the first ease on record oi drunkenness cured by ventriloquism." Old George Noble, a well known printer of New Oneans, has quadded out bis last line, emptied his last take, and gone to his rest. Doubtless many of the Louisville printers will remember the white-headed old man, whose life was so singularly free from vine, and whose gentle, genial manners won the friendship and esteem of all with wham he came in contact. He was a man who, while filling the humble and arduous, but honorable position of compositor on a daily paper, never forgot that he was a gentlejjpan .—Louisville Ledger,. A Detroit merchant received a check for $9000. from a penitent defaulter. The anumnt due being only $8050, he—•*—*•-" made change with a'check for thi and indulged in a good deal of profanity when pe found the next dav that the first eheck was worthless. FROM AVOYELLES PARISH, A Bogus Delegation to be Sent to the State Conveation— 1 The Democrat* In dorse the Malcontenta—Poor Crops, etc. Marksville, August 2,1871. Editor Republican: On Saturday last, the malcontent Repub licans of Avoyelles parish held a convea tion in this place, and nominated two delegates, to wit: Hon. J. M. Edwards and Hon. Joseph D. Laurent, to the State Con vention to be held in New Orleans on the ninth instant. A convention had previously been holden, and delegates had been chosen—I think Hon. L. J. Souer and Charles F. Huesinan—to represent Avoy elles in the State Convention: but it appears that the friends of Lieutenant Governor Dunn were not altogether satisfied with the supposed sympathies and ideas of the last named gentleman, and "finding or forging a fault" in the proceedings which termi nated in this deputation, they determined to |pick the flint and fire again. I know nothing of the real merits of this dispute, and therefore go no further than to state facts. The village politicians of the Democratic type, as a general thing, approve and in dorse the late departure, and through its invitations declare they discover hopes brightening in the vision. Their micro scopes have great power, their imagina tions a wide scope, and they speak of a careering government, its true eolicy, and the ultimate triumph of a party as matters of manifest destiny, incontestably apparent to the eye of their intuitive wisdom and prescience. Our white friends are far bet ter reconciled to Governor Warmoth's posi tion than they have been heretofore, and the fact is discoverable on every hand that he will be strongly supported by them for re-eleetiori as matters now stand. It were useless to speculate on the present demon strations of*a 'certain class of Republican politician*, for I think the chances are that they will ere long discover the pretexts by which they are now controlled to he in all respects false lights. It has rained here every day for the last ten days. The corn crop is almost uni yersaliy a failure in toto. The cotton plant is very young and small, its joints long and stalk shanky. It is now beginning to put forth its blooms, but the late rains have caused it to shed the forms profusely. The fly of the genuine caterpillar is abundant in every direction, and it is now very evi dent that unless all signs fail verv little cotton will be made. How are the planters to get through with their embarrassments under these circumstances ? There will not be corn enough raised in this pnrish to feed until the first of January next. There may be an exceptional instance here and there __ OCCASI ONAL. ENGLAND'S SHAME. Shocking Stories from the Children in the Brick Fields—tN-uel Practices. [London Letter to the New York World. J Seven years ago a royal commission re ported to Parliament that a most horrible, cruel, disgraceful and immoral practice ex isted in the prosecution of a certain branch of industry in England, and that the vic tims of this practice were young boys and girls varying in age from three and a half to seventeen years. A law, which could have been passed in a single day, would have put an end to this practice ;'but Par liament, acting on Mr. John Bright's princi ple, that it was wrong to interfere with any trade by legislation, shelved the report, and for seven years more this horrible, cruel, disgraceful and immoral practice has been allowed to go on and to increase. Last night, however, another attempt was made to induce Pari anient to do something in the way of rescuing these miserable slaves from tue tyranny which oppressed them. The Earl of Shaftesbury, in the House of Lords, "rose to move that hn humble ad dress should be presented to her mgje 9 ty praying her to take into consideration the a consideration the state of the children in the brick fields, with a view to their being brought under the^ protection of the factories act." His lordsljp said that these children were very numerous, and stood most urgently in need of legislative protection. They were sub jected to almost incredible cruelty aud wr6ng. There were about 3000 brick yards in England, and nearly 30,000 children and young persons, varying ip age from three and a liaif to seventeen years, a great por tion of whom were girls, were employed in them, and made to \r»rfe from fourteen to sixteen hours a days. What! Babies three aud a half years old, made to work sixteen hours a day ! I es. But this was not the worst of it. Here was the evidence of a Mr. Smith, who, when a child, had himself worked in a brick field: hen I was seven years old I began my bondage of toil and horror. At nine years oi age my employment consisted in continu ally carry about forty pounds oi clay on my head, and then not only I had fo carry bricks on my head, almost without cessa tion. for thirteen hours a day. Sometimes I hud to work all night at the kiln. Mr. Smith went on to describe the yard in which several c-hildreu nine or ten years of age. of both sexes, and in a half-naked con dition. were employed to carry damp clay on their heads for thirteen hours daily, dur ing which it was estimated that they traversed a distance of twenty miles. He had produced a lump of clav wetohino forty-three pounds, which had'been taken off the bead of a child nine years old a few days previously, who had'daily to walk twelve and a half miles, and during half of that distance to carry the weight the lump of clay produced. As to the physical effect produced by such excessive labors, Mr. Smith said: "I had a child weighed very recently, and I found that though about eight years of age, it only weighed fifty-two and a half poinds. It was employed in car rying forty-three pounds of clav on its head, and the average distance it walked laily was filteen miles, ami it worked seventy-three hours per week." The moral consequences were such as might be expected. "Ignorance and im morality prevailed to a fearful extent among the men. women and children thus mployed," said 3Ir. Smith, "and how in it be otherwise 1 All goodness and mrity was stamped out of them; aud were to relate what could be related of the moral consequences tlie whole country would become horrorstruek." A master brick maker, whose evidence was on record, said much the same tiling. He stated that "the work in ordinary times is exceedingly cruel, hut when overwork is resorted to, it be comes still worse, because the boys and girls, and men and women, were then less under the watchful eye of the master, and sinful pleasures, loose songs and ex cesses too terrible to relate were the conse queuees.'' But Lord Shaftsbury.had not been con tent to take the testimony of others. He went to the brick fields himself, and thus related tbe fearful things he saw thebe: As I approached I saw in the distance what appeared to me to be eight or ten pillars of clay, such as I supposed had been erected to indicate the depth to which the clay had been excavated I walked up to them, and to my astonishment found that they were human beings, but so like the ground on which the stood—their features were so ^distinguished, their dress so abso lutely covered with clay, their flesh so like their dress-'-that I assure your lordships that until I approached them and saw them move I firmly qelieved that they were lumps of soil. ' hen I came close they appeared to be scared at the sight of any one not re sembling themselves, and runaway scream ing as if something satanie had ap proached. I saw a number of little children, three-parts naked, tottering under their burden of wet clay which was dripping all down their shoulders and faces, while some little girls were struggling along, holding in their shifts a mass of wet clay. Moreover, the unhappy children were ex posed to the most sudden transitions of cold and heat, aud, after carrying their burdens of wet clay in the open air, had to endure the heat of the kiln, which was so fierce that I was not- able to remain more than one or two minutes. Could anything more degrading, more hurtful to body and mind be eonceived ! Could it be denietf that they had brought down these men, women and Cffildren to a point of suffering and humilia tion that mad£ them lower in the scale than the beasts in the field I No man could 'visit such scenes who had in him the senti ments of a man or the feelings of a Chris tian without saying that it was a disgrace to the country tt» at they should be allowed to Continue for a moment longer; and he hoped, after the s appeal he now made, that not a day would be allowed to pass before her majesty was addressed and asked to interpose her au thority, and to declare that such abomina tions should end. Let it not be said that the sufferings of these haplesB children were occasioned by the poverty and neces sities of their parents. It was but too cer tainly true—as I have myself seen in only too many cases—that the avarice and cu pidity of the parents had stifled in them all the feelings of natural affection, and these little children were sent to slave in these brick fields in order that they might min ister by their earnings to the luxury and rapacity of their parents. The evidence of the master bricklayer showed that per sons in the receipt of three, four or five pounds wages a week send their children to work in the clay fields for a few shil lings, while the parents themselves are not ing in pot houses in every form of beastly luxury. The Bishop of London—in whose diocese are many of these brick fields—the Earl of Morloy and Viscount Middleton followed the Earl of Shaftesbury, and each disclosed some new horror. It appears that the brick fields are divided into sections, each worked by a separate "gang,''.the man at the head ' of it paying it. "A gang" consists of two strong men, one woman, and three chil dren. Each gang is only strong enough to carry out the work assigned to it, and if any one of its members is absent the whole gang has to stop work. The committee ap pointed to inquire into the state of the agri cultural laborers had disclosed the exist ence of an appalling amount of vice—but great as that was, it fell short of what might he seen and heard every day in the brick fields. There was among the wretches condemned to this toil "an utter abseneqof medesty, vice beginning at an age when vice ought to be unknown, stunted frames arising from overwork and various indul gence, songs and stories of an improper character, young women universally be coming mothers before they were wives, and bringing up their children to the same wretched fate to which they themselves had been brought up long before thev could be considered responsible being." Lord Shaftesbury's motion was agreed to, and her majesty—that is to say, the govern ment—is consequently requested "to take into consideration" the state of these wretches. Good heaven! "To take into con sideration"—that is all. Perhaps, in seven years more, "her majesty" may find time to recommend legislation in behalf of this thirty thousand of her children. But more important things just now claim the atten tion of the legislature. The ides of July are at baud; grouse shooting commences on the twelfth of August, and the session must end on the eighth. The Parliament has no time to bother its head about the misery of thirty thousand children; it is far more im portant to spend night after night in debat ing the bill to give the ballot to the fathers of those children, or urging a bill appropri ating six thousand pounds a year for young Prince Arthur. Mtntistio* of Commerce and Navigation. Monthly feport of the chief of the Bu reau of Statistics, No. 11, has been sent to press. .It contains the statistics oT our for •ign trade for the month of 3Iay, 1871, and for the first eleven months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 1871, as compared with the corresponding periods of 1870. We are indebted to Dr. Young for the following abstract of its contents in advace of publi cation: Domestic Period. Import*. exports. Aloifth coded Alav 31: 1871........$55,478,!72 $47,518,613 1870 ........ 40,340,312 37,104,891 Eleven months ended May 31: 1871 ........ 490,169,905 461.348.232 1870........ 422,057.667 385,882,125 _____ The portions of the imports and exports (domestic and foreign) which consisted of merchandise and of spetie and bullion, re spectively, for the eleven months ended 31a v 31, 1871, were as follows: Domestic Foreign Imports. exports. exports. Merchandise.. $470,890,079 $ 396,285,921 $12,910,470 Specie and bul lion........... 19 279,886 75,062,311 13,292,571 TUN MONTHS END SO MAT 31, 1870. Domestic Foreign Imports. exports. exports. Merchandise...$396,586,362 $ 347,618,326 $14,806,048 Specie and bul lion........... 25,471,305 38,200,799 12,990,684 The values of the foregoing carried in American and foreign vessels, and in cars and other land vehicles, respectively, dur ing the eleven months ended 3Iay 31, 1871, were as follows: Foreign export b. $2,076,860 1,941,103 26,203,041 " 796,732 Vessels. Imports. mericau____$144,409,284 Foreign ...... 332,150,516 Cars, etc..... 13.610,165 Foreign exports. $8,813,415 Domestic exports. $165,697,914 346.452,185 15,190.657 4,730,770 2.19^969 ELEVEN MONTHS KNDgD MAT 31, 1870: Domestic Foreign Vessels. 1 Imports. exports. exports. American.....$137,557,763 $170,261,886 $12,007,412 Foreign....... 284,499,904 290,487,596 15,789,320 The value of foreign commodities remain ng in warehouse May 31, 1871, was $62,275, 26. against $54,074,260, May 31, 1870. The following table exhibits the number and tonnage of vessels engaged in the for eign trade which entered into auO cleared from the ports of the United States during the twelve months ended May 31, 1871: —Entered--, -Cleared-, No. Tons. No. Tons. American Tessels... 10,768 3,753,091 10,630 3.727.2(H) Foreign vessels____19,435 6,129,314 19,405 5,992,732 Total............30,223 9,852,408 30,035 9,719,932 TWELVE MONTHS ENDED APK1L 30, 1870: -Entered-, -Cleaved— No. Tons. No. Tons. Amencan vessels.. 10.590 3,438.119 10,505 3.494.702 Foreign veBsels____19,586 5,704,132 19,546 5,719,886 Total...........30,176 9,142,251 30,051 9,214,588 In addition to the usual monthly sum niaries, this report contains a statemenfof lumber and other commodities, shipped from St. John, New Brunswick, during the quarter ended June 30,1871; a table, show ing the value of goods, wares and merchan dise exported to the United States, from the Berlin consular district, during the year ended June 30, 1871; a comparative state ment, exhibiting the immigration from Prussia during the years 1865, 186$ and 1867; also, a statement of the commerce and industry of Sweden in the years 1869 and 1870. Moltkc to Edit a History of the YVar. The Pall Mall Gazette says : The German papers promise us an official account of the war, which is to have for its editor no less competent a strategist than Count Moltke himself. The staff officers of the various corps are at present actively at work col lecting the reports of regimental command ers, who, as in the Austrian war, have been required to keep a diary of their operations and experiences. The combination of these numerous and all of them equally trust worthy accounts, will delude any possi bility of inaccuracies such as individual ob servers are necessarily unable to avoid. The most valuable contributions will come from the departments of the military staff attached to each corps anti from the impe rial chancery. All sources having been duly employed, separate regimental and divisional diaries of exceptional interest are also promised to be brought before the public. So comprehensive a task will, of course, occupy many months; it seems doubtful whether, in spite of the number and ability of co-operators, the book will be ready for publication twelve months hence. It is confidently expected in Prussia that the French military authorities will engage in a similar undertaking, treating the mat ter from their own point of view; so we are likely to have two versions of the campaign which cannot fail to be .of the greatest in terest to historical anil military students. Direct Importation* — "Mississippi Valley Transportation Company." (From the St. Louis Democrat.) This well known and powerful corpora tion, of which George H. Rea, Esq., ia pre sident, is about making application through the Customhouse to the Secretary of the Treasury, for the bonding of its fleet of barges under the law of July 14th, 1870; so that it may receive at' New Orleans foreign purchases of opr merchants, aud without a particle of delay (other than the time con sumed in transferring the goods from the sea vessels into the barges lying alongside) bring them to our own port, and enable our importers to have the examinations and appraisements of the government offioers conducted at home.' The barge line is pe culiarly well adapted to work under the new law and regulations of the Treasury Depart ment, and will, in the future as in the past, endeavor to represent our merchants at New Orleans with every regard to their best interests. We are glad to see tpia exhibition of enterprise on the part of the company named, and congratulate Commodore Rea on taking the initiative in this really import ant business. QUANTRELL. The True Story ef the Great Guerrilla'* Death in Leniariile. [From the Louisville Ledger.) Paragraphs to the effect that Quantrell, the'jgreat guerrilla, is still alive, regularly go the rpnnds of the newspapers. The St. Louis .Republican has an account of several attempts to personate him, and refers to the real facts ot his death, as detailed by the Kansas Citr (Missouri) Times. We did not see the number of the Times referred to, but, from the summary of that article as re peated by the Republican, we have no doubt of its general correctness. We have con vincing evidence that in the spring of 1864, Quantrell, with a picked set oihis old stand bys, beinghard pressed, crossed the Missis sippi into Ballard county, Kentucky, dressed in federal uniforms, and made his way up to interior Kentucky, being hospitably en tertained en route by such fefi eral camps as lay in liis way. He reached Nelson county without his true character being suspected, and for a while was quartered in the neigh borhood of Bloomfield, contiguous to some families who had been banished from Mis souri, and whom Quantrell had known be fore their banishment. Through the im prudenoe of some of his adherents, sns g icions got abroad that the company were 'onfederates in disguise, but there did not seem to be any suspicion that the leader was the notorious Quantrell, of the so-called Lawrence massacre, for whose head bleed ing Kansas had offered so large a sum. The federal guerrilla, Terrell, wa3 in formed of the suspicions, and he organized a force for the capture of the strangers. He laid his plans well, and quietly surrounded a barn in which they were sleeping, during a heavy rain, took several prisoners, shot two or three, and severely wounded the leader, who was brought to this city and E laced in the military prison. On the day e arrived he was seen and recognized by a gentleman who had known him in Kansas, and for fear of being called upon to identify the prisoner as Quantrell, the gentleman left town on the evening train. The pris oner's wound was not necessarily fatal, but it no doubt hastened his death. For months before he had suffered from disease of the lungs, induced by exposure in the brush of Missouri and on the prairies of Kansas. Feeling his end approaching, he sent for a priest (one who is now the zealous and be loved pastor of one of the most prosperous congregations in this city), from whom he received all the rites dispensed by that church to the dying penitent. That clergy man says that this penitent was the warrior Quantrell. The families in Nelson, who had been banished from Missouri, say that the man was Quantrell. An order for money, givPD on a friend by this man be fore he died, was signed W.' C. Quantrell, and the order was promptly honored, with the remark that there was more money back to meet any orders Quantrell might give. He died without the military authorities knowing his real name and character, and was buried at a spot between Louisville and Portland, which can be pointed out to his friends, if any so desire. The fact of Quantrell sending for a priest on his deathbed will not surprise those who know that he was raised in a Catholic com munity, near Hagerstown, Maryland, and that his mother was a member of the Cath olic Church. It was but natural—let his previous life be what it may—that in his ast hours he would revert to the lessons of his childhood, and seek all possible aids from his mother chureh. And this is not the least of the facts which confirm us in the decided opinion that the real Quantrell died in this city as we have mentioned, and that those men in Texas, New Mexico and else where. of whom we hear so often in the newspapers, are counterfeit, bogus adven turers. A Husband Poisoner. fFrom the Cincinnati Giizette.j Columijus, Ohio, July 31.-*-About two months ago it was announced in city papers that the BtotHaeh of Peter Pottenberger, of Madison county, who had been dead about four years, had been brought to this city to be analyzed, on account of a suspicion that he had been poisoned by his young wife. Poff'enberger was about eighty years old, and the richest man in Madison county, bein" worth $750,000. About eight years ago he married a young* woman who' was suspeeted^of being loose, and who subse quently lill improper relations with a re porter for the New York Tribune, who ap peared on the scene while Poff'enberger was on his death bed, and was qiute officious at the funeral. Poffenberger's will left the property to his wife, much of it in her own right, and the remainder in trust for their two children. Mrs. Poff'enberger subse quently married the reporter, who is now a banker in New York- There was a suspicion of foul play for a long time, and about two months, ago Potffmberger's body was ex humed, and the stomach sent to this city. Dr. Wormly has just completed an analyza tion, and found- large quantities of arsenic, and a requisition has been procured for tire arrest of the woman, who now resides in New York. One of her friends has gone on to notify her, and it is a question wheftier the messenger or the officer will arrive first. Imitations of American Watches. The manufacturers of American watches have had reason to complain of bogus for eign watches imported into this country, the plates and trade marks of which were'a good imitation, and the sale of which has, in many respects, injured their , business. Congress, at its last session, enacted thpt whenever parties engaged in manufacturing watches in this country would furnish the Secretary of the Treasury a facsimile of their trade marks, the same should be sent to the collectors of customs throughout the country, and they would be instructed to refuse entry to any foreign watches assimi lating trade marks of American watches. The American Watch Company, of Walt ham, has complied with its part of the Jaw, by sending a large number of sheets on which are accurately painted the trade mark of all watches manufactured by it. The Philadelphia Bank Case. According to a Tribune special of the thirtieth, the Hon. E. C. Banfield, Solicitor of the Treasury, having had referred to him the case of the Philadelphia bank, which claimed exemption from the tax imposed on their capital by the State of Pewusylva nia, on the ground that said capital was represented by the bonds of the new funded loan, has rendered an opinion in the mat ter, deciding that the government had no power in the premises, that it is a question m which the State has sole jurisdiction, and that the case can be settled by an appeal to the State courts. Mile. Nilsson has shipped her lover and her maid de compognic. Mrs. Richards, back to Europe together, and has gone off (with only her maid) with Judge Stoughton and wife 'to their country home in Vermont. From there she goes to Newport with them, they having taken the Governer Gibbs, house for the summer. The story is, that Mrs. Richards has been gotten rid of for the reason that she is the person who made the match between Mademoiselle and the voun" Frenchman who has recently been here, ana whom Mademoiselle does not now intend to marry. So Madame Richards and the lover were dispatched together, and Nilsson is gomg to manage affairs herself now, ac cording to the approved American nlan — New York Letter. 1 On the first of October, coming, the col ored people of the South will hold a con vention for the purpose of looking after the interests of the race, and organizing to such an extent as may 6eem best. There is no occasion for alarm to the whites of the South, because of this action. The blacks are aot bigpted, are n'ot aggressive, and are not Catholics. This attempt at organization is an outgrowth nf their recenufaequfred intelligence, ana speaks well for the ad vances they have made under so many try mg circumstances As a class they need to look alter themselves, the same as white "mVcioJ 13 aU thCre i3 of plan of a machine for cooling the atres, flails and, private buildings, has just been evolved from the heated brain of some scientist. One of these machines will make two nundged pounds of ice in an hour, or furnish m the same space of time 30,000 cubic feet of air cooled to a temperature of thirty-three degteea. It can be applied to the pipes of a register so that, like a wizard's vessel, we can be cooled or heated from t^e (From the Monroe Intelligencer. ] Pursuant to a call issued by the Presi dent of the Parish Executive Committee, the Republicans of Ouachita met at Monroe on Saturday, the twenty-ninth of July, for the purpose of electing two delegates to the State ConventioiD to be held at New Or leans on the ninth of August. . Mr. Sandy Bj?d was elected president, W. F. Southard secretary, and the following gentlemen vice presidents: O. H. Brewster, A. Overton, M. St. Grady, Emanuel Thorn ton and Alfred Hanley. The president then explained the object of the meeting. On motion, the following were elected as a committee on resolutions : W. R. Hardy, chairman; F. W. Barrington, M. M. Grady, Duncan Hill and H. W. Burrell. On motion, seconded, it was resolved that all resolutions' offered be referred to the committee on resolutions. The meeting then proceeded to elect two delegates. Hons. John Ray and A. Over ton being elected, the former by acclama tion, the election of the latter, after one ballot haring been taken, was made unani mous. Resolutions were offered by Messrs. Hardy, Barrington and Ennemoser, and re ferred to the committee pn resolutions, who then retired. During the absence of the committee short speeches were made by Messrs. Over ton, Brewster, Ennemoser, Southard and Bird. The committee on resolutions reported the following, M. M. Grady making a minority report on the fourth resolution and offering the following substitute for the fourth resolution: That we approve of the administration of Governor H. C. Warmoth, and the course pursued by our Republican Senators and Representatives in the Legislature, in the passage of laws, both public and private, that will tend to protect every.individual ia all his civil and political rights, develop the • many resources of our favored State, edu cate the children in the public schools, build railroads, construct levees, and elevate the people of the State to a high, moral and wealthy position. ; > The resolutions were then adopted as fol lows: Be it resolved by the Republicans of the parish of Ouachita, in mass, meeting as sembled: 1. That wq take this opportunity to re new our fidelity to the national Republican party; to the principles it has advocated and established, and especially do we ap prove of the amendments to 'the constitu tion of the United States, whereby the great principles of the Declaration of inde pendence are put in practical force, to wit: "That all men are created equal, and en dowed by their Creator witn certain inalien able rights; and that among them are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." 2. That we indorse the administration of President U. S. Grant; and we further ap I>rove of the reconstruction acts of Con gress, and all,other acts securing equal civil and political rights to all—securing a free and lair election, and protection to any eiti zen in the exfreise thereof by t'n'e aid, if necessary, of the forces of the United States. 'And that these great principles, wherebv the Union was restored, should, have the indorsement of the American, people, we are of the opinion that it is in cumbent qp the Republican party to renom inate and elect General U. S. Grant to the presidential chair in 1872. 3. That we indorse the State administra tion, the actions of our Senator and Rep resentatives, in so far as their action is cal culated to protect life and property, en courage and develop internal improve- * ments, increase and extendjthe facilities for acquiring a common school education, and foster and encourage a spirit of enterprise' and improvement among all classes ofrpeo ple. 4. That we deplore the action of the ex ecutive in appointing to important offices men of avowed hostility to .the Republican party, and sympathize with our Republican friends in adjacent parishes, in that their counsel and recommendations have been entirely ignored and appointments to office made from the ranks of our political oppo nents. 5. That we indorse the a'ction of enr Rep resentative in Congress, the Hon. Frank Morey, and tender him our thanks for the able and efficient manner in which he has looked after the interests of the people of North Louisiana, and we do earnestly re quest him and our Senators and other Rep resentatives in Congress to use all their efforts at the next session to re-establish the United States Land Office at Monroe, and to procure, by all means, the passage of the bill creating a United States District Court for the Northern District ot Louisiana. 6., That the ^Republicans of Ouachita parish are united in the support of the great principles of the Republican party—the party of freedom and progress—and pledge ourselves to roll up, at the next election, the highest majority for the nominees of the party, both federal and State, that has ever been given in the parish. 7. That we denounce any and all persons who will allow their ambition for office to breed strife and division in the Republican party of- Louisiana, and earnestly recom mend and pray for harmony in the party throughout the State, and call Tor a strong pull, a long pull and a pull all together, in order to defeat the common enemy. 8. That wj recommend reform and re trenchment in the administration of the State, parish and city affairs, and that we are determined to hold all public servants accountable for the waste and unnecessary expenditure of the public money. 9. That owing to the partial failure of the corn and cotton crop m our parish,' it would be an oppression on our people to collect any more taxes than wonld be absolutely necessary to defray tbe expenses of the par ish and city governments. 10. That we entertain no bitter or hostile feeling toward those of our fellow-citizens who were recently engaged in armed hostility to the government, and espe cially disclaim any intention to inter fere with their rights or liberties. Y\ e simply ask that they shall re spect our legal rights, and we demand the same. 11. That while we wonld not bind'our selves, with blind and unreasoning devo tion, to any political organization, but re main free to vote ffor faithful and canable men and wholesome measures, still we con fidently expect to be always found mar shaled under the Republican banner—the banner of that party, so honest in its pur poses, so brilliant in its achievements; trust ing, as we do, the pages of her future, will be brighter even than those of her past hie tory; that, failing not nor faltering in the great and good work she has in hand, she will move forward till die great fnnda mental principle of our forefathers is heard from lahd to land and from sea to sea, that all men were created free and equal. On motion, the Louisiana Intelligencer was requested to publish the proceedings of this meeting. * The meeting then adjourned sine die. m SANDY BIRD, President. *V. F. Southa rd, Se cretary. Alarming Perfection. fFroiq the New Y'ovk Post.) There is a story of a young lady, a recent * graduate of a school for girls,' who had "worn the badge of the legion of honor (one of the rewards of the school), for four years in succession, the first time such a distinc tion had been achieved in twenty years, and which requires that the student shall not have missed a day, nor an hour, nor a lesson, nor in any way received a 'black mark,' during the entire year." This is painful. The amount of self-control neces sary to have been absolutely perfect in de portment for four years is enormous. Much of the vitality and spirit which make per petual youth the one thing to he desired, * much of the grace and archness and abandon of nature must bave been mercilessly sup pressed. It was the same kind of manage ment of self as that to which the true nun sutijects herself. We are heartily glad that this is the first case in twenty years, and trust that it will be the last one for a hun dred years. Parents are largely responsible tor such an occurrence as this, but they are '"""J flhd cruelly ambitious for their children. These rewards of merit are not intended to produce such.results. They are simply intended to help toward the govern ment of the school by developing a gener ous rivalry in the matter of behavipr. It is not expected* that they will substitute for human nature a monastic uniformity or per iection, as they seem to have done in the present instance.