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OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE UNITED STATES OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF NEW ORLEANS THE DAILY REPUBLICAN la published every day (Mondays excepted) at No $4 Camp street. Terms: $16 a year; $3 for six months; $4 for three months—payable invariably In advance. Single copies ten cent a Rates of Advertising: qupres. 1 mo. 2 mos. 3 DOS. 6 mos. 12 mos. One...... $12 net 22 .. $22 net 38 .. $30 net 50 .. $50 net 80 .. ^75 net Three.... 3« .. 53 .. 70 .. 110 .. 175 .. Four..... 38 .. 67 .. 90 .. 140 .. 225 .. Flv $ ..... 46 .. 80 .. 105 .. 170 .. 275 .. Six....... 54 .. 93 .. 120 .. 200 325 .. Seven..... 60 .. 105 .. 135 .. 230 .. 375 .. Eight--- 65 .. 115 .. 150 .. 260 .. 420 .. Fine...... 10 .. 125 .. 165 .. 290 .. 460 .. Ten...... 25 .. 135 .. 180 .. 320 .. 500 .. Eleven... 80 .. 145 .. 195 .. 350 .. 540 .. Twelve.. 85 .. 155 .. 210 .. 380 .. 580 .. Thirteen. 90 .. 165 .. 220 .. 410 .. 620 .. Fourteen 95 .. S75 .. 230 .. 430 .. 660 .. Fifteen.. too .. 185 .. 240 .. 450 ■ 700 .. 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THE WEEKLY REPUBLICAN la published every Saturday morning, and contains the news by telegraph, miscellaneous reading, edi torials, local matters ot general public interest, commercial and monetary reports, ami everything that appears in the Daily, oxeept sncli items as are Of little or no public moment. Tlio WEEKLY UK FPBLICAX is an excellent family paper, valuable a* well for instruction an J amusement us irdbnna Bon on the current topics of the day. Terms of Sislurrlrliiin. One year, $5; six months, $? :■(>. Advertisements. Transient advertisements same terms as in the : Daily. Monthly advertisements inserted tor one- ! fourth of the daily rates. A liberal commission allowed to those who send ! as clubs of five or more. THU COURTS. United States Commissioner's Court. M. V. B. Hutchinson, Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue, yesterday made affidavit before United States Commissioner William Grant, charging that Josd Garcia, carrying on business as a cigar manufacturer, at No. 61 Gasquet street, did, on or about the sixth of August, remove from his factory a lot ol cigars, without having first paid the tax due thereon,fand having the same stamped ac cording to law, with intent to defraud the government. A charge of the same kind was also made against G. Nodal, doing business on Gasquet street. Warrants were issued for the arrest of the parties! Eighth D strict Court—Suit Against the Stale Auditor by Mr. Bragdon, the Governor's Secietary— Was he De posed pro tem. by Lieutenant Governor Dunn. The State of Louisiana on the relation of O. D. Bragdon vs. James Graham, Auditor. The petition ot the State of Louisiana, on the relation of Oren G. Bragdon, - respect fully represents that relator was appointed private secretary of the Governor ot Louis ianana, by bis excellency H. C. Warmoth, Governor, on the first of October, 1870, and that ever since that time be has performed the duties of the office, and that for such services he is entirled to be paid quarterly offt of the treasury of the State a salary at the rate of twenty-five hundred dollars per annum, on bis own warrant, as by the stat ute in such case made aud provided. And petitioner represents tuat relator has now due him the sum of six hundred and twenty-live dollars salary for the quarter beginning April 1, 1871, and ending June 30, 1871, for services actually^ rendered as pri vate secretary aforesaid; that relator drew his warrant, which is made part hereof, against James Graham, Esq., Auditor of Public Accouuts of the State of Louisiana, dated July 25, 1871, for the salary due him as aforesaid, and presented the'same for payment to the said Auditor; but that said Janies Graham, Auditor, without any au thority of law, refused to audit, warrant for and pay the same unless your relator would suffer a deduction in his pay for the lour last days of June, 1871, whicn he w as not and is not hound to do. All ot which acts and doings on the part of said James Graham are arbitrary, unjust and without authority of law. And inas much as relator is without adequate remedy by the ordinary proceeding, he is entitled to sue out this mandamus. Wherefore petitioner prays for a writ of mandamus may issue, ordering that said James Graham, Auditor of Public Accounts ot the State of Louisiana, do audit relator's said account, amounting to six hundred and twenty-five dollars, and warrant there for, iu favor of relator, on Abe treasury of the State of Louisiana, and do right in the premises, or show cause to the contrary on a day to oe fixed by the court. Petitioner prays lor all aud general re lief in the premises, and for costs of suit. Judge Emerson issued the following order: Let James Graham, Esq., Auditor of Pub lic Accounts of Louisiana, comply with the demand contained iu the foregoing petition, or show cause to the contrary on Monday, the tweuty-eigliih day of August. 1871. at ten o'clock A. M. of that day. Hixth District Court-Suit Apniust ||, P New Orleans, Jarii-on and Great Norlhero Railroad for $2600 Dam ages. This is a suit brought by J. M. Hugonin. 1 owner of the schooner Confidence, which | has been plying in the freighting business to and from Blind river and the city of New Orleans, against the New Orleans,' Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Company. The petition alleges that on the night of the Tenth ot June last, the said schooner in attempting to pass through Pass Manchac into Lake Pontehartrain. through the bridge of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Cotnpauy, collided with and became fastened in the caps, sills and piles, which the company had, through neg ligence, permitted to tleeav and be broken down near to the level of the water; that said collision tore a hole in the vessel's hot tom, aud otherwise damaged the vessel, notwithstanding the exertions of the master and crew. He further states that finding it impossi ble to get the vessel off he repaired to the city and procured two vessels and a num ber of men with which he returned. On arriving there he states that he discovered that immediately after his departure from the pass, the , railroad operatives, under instructions, aud in pursuance of orders from the said New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Company, through its officers, entered on board'of said schoon er, cut down the masts, threw them, to gether with her sails, spars and rggin into the pass aud allowed them to drift away and to be lost, aud that then hauling the said vessel in a partially sunken condi tion from off said obstructions, abandoned her. after mooring her to the eastern side of «aid bridge. The petitioner alleges that the grounding ot said schooner on said obstructions was solely due to the improper construction of the bridge, in not being passable lreeiy at ail tides and winds, and that the damages are also traceable to the negligence of said com pauy, its officers aud agents, in allowing said piling, stringers and sills to so decay, etc., as to form an obstruction to naviga tion. For this, and for che subsequent action of tbe company in wrecking aud injuring the ■vessel, tlie petitioner prays for $2606 dam ages, and that the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad Company he cited to appear aud answer. F«nrth District Court. 'ihe only thing that has occurred in this court recently is the following somewhat grotesquely humorous reply of a doctor, ■who received a summons to pay a license am the practice oi bis profession The court i is a roar over the matter, so we give it, that the public may enjoy the joke: To the Honorable Judge of the Fourth District Court of New Orleans: Dr. P. Hartmann, residing at No. 219 Tchoupitoulas street, having received sum mons to comply with the demand of Simeon Belden, Attorney General of the State of Louisiana, for the sum of $22 50, which he claims is due to said State, by defendant, for a license on profession of medical prac titioner for the year 1871, or to answer the petition of Mr. Belden, resect fully repre sents hereby his reasons for not eomplyin: with Mr. Belden's demand: 1. Dr. P. Hartmann having arrived in New Orleans on the fifteenth of July, 1871, has taken up his residence at No. 219 Tchoupitoulas street, where he is at present occupying an unfurnished room on the second floor. Having on his arrival been robbed of all his property, partly by the revenue officers of the State of Louisiana and city of Shreveport, in the city of Shreve port, Louisiana, partly Uy*n'opeu thief named Charles Givens, against whom affi davit is made in the First District Court of NeWlOrleans, Louisiana, has not yet been able to furnish his future office, and, there fore. has not commenced to practice his profession. 2. Defendant not having yet practiced his profession iu this city, nor having any prospect of getting any practice at present, does not consider himself indebted to the State of Louisiana.' He lias never received any license for the year 1871 from the State of Louisiana, nor has lie made application for any. nor does lie intend to buy any be fore his means will allow it. 3. De'endant having paid ninety-live dol lars license for the year 1870, and among these thirty-live dollars to the State of Loui siana, consequently fifteen, too much, con siders himself not only as not indebted to the State, but really as one of its creditors, to the amount over-paid. 4. I will put my entire present property, by my own free will, at the disposal of Siuieon Belden. if he can find where it is. If he wishes to shut up my place of busi ness he is welcome to do so, as there is no inducement for me to keep it open. Yours respectfully, 1)1,. HARTMANN. In the suit of Louis Bernos et als. vs. Allred Kearney et al., for a liquidation of the firm of Kearney, Blois A, Co. and Kearney & Bernos, the parties having failed to agree, the court appointed C. S. St. Amand. liquidator. : ! ! A Cotton Revolution. [From tlie New York Commercial.] In the year 1860, eighty-five per cent of all tlie cotton used iu England was of American growth—but the rebellion put an end to the virtual monopoly long enjoyed by our Southern States, aud.'as events have proved, began a complete revolution. The English manufacturers, deprived by the war of their usual supplies, cast about for new fields, and under the stimulus of abso lute necessity, they have caused the lands of the East to become abuudautly fruitful. The increasing yield of the new cotton fields, aud their brilliant promise for the future, are strikingly set forth in a work just pub lished in Manchester, under the title of '•The Cotton Supply A- sociati-m: Its Origin audProgress. cue author, Mr. Isaac Wat s, is the secretary of the association, and he has drawn the facts of bis interesting nar rative troin the offi i il records. The Cotton Supply Association was or ganized in 1857, for h: specific purpose of opening up and developing other sources of cotton supply than the Southern States of America; hut up to the time of our civil war its operations were limited in extent aud comparatively barren in result. The ; pressure of the cotton taniine in 1861 lent new vigor to its utldertrkiugs, and India became the theatre of elaborate experi ments, during a period of ten years, are now given for the first time in a connected official form. In 1860, the sum paid to India for cotton was about $17,500,000; but in 1864, it bad in creased to $190,000,000; and the average an nual amount remitted from England for cotton duiing the nast eight years is stated at $115,000,000—showing an aggegate in crease in the value of the Indian cotton trade, during this period, of about $750,000, 000. This astonishing growth has been fol lowed by a corresponding development of the cotton producing districts of Turkey, Egypt, and Australia. Since 1862, the pre eminence of Egypt has been a notable fact in the history of cotton culture. Mr. Watts writes that in that year "cotton began to be so much iu favor that cereals were almost neglected, aud the enormous profits derived fl;om its cultivation duiing the Ame rican war led to the abandonment of the ordinary succession of crops—a result which the late Viceroy, Said Pacha, beheld with apprehension and alarm." The present Khedive, however, has encouraged the new industry, and during his visit to Loudon, iu 1867, gave much attention to the selection of cotton seed and to the measures best cal culated to render the crops excellent and abundant. Cotton culture is now firmly established in Egypt, and both the govern ment and the people are alive to its im portance. It is believed that the fertile re gions which are watered by the Nile will, in time, be converted into a vast cotton field, and that India, prolific as it now is, will be come a secondary source of supply. These facts indicate the character of the change which is gradnally coming to our Southern States—a change which will de prive the cotton fields of their fancied ad vantages, anti lead the plauters to cultivate cereals for home consumption. The altered conditions of labor, the partitions of old es tates, the loss of fortune, the necessity of giving larger areas of land to the cultiva tion of corn and grain, are some id' the causes which must produce marked changes In 'the South; and with the complete explosion of the fallacy that cotton is kingjgyilJ come a better system of agricultural development, a sounder financial liasw, and the encourage ment of the wot king classes, who are the real rulers in a republic. Certain districts in the South, fitted for little else than the culture of cotton, will continue to furnish supplies for the home and foreign demand, but the extraordinary developments of ten years in other fields show that in the gran ary, rather than in the cotton bale, the ele ments of future prosperity will exist. Colfax to n ■Sunday School. Cm< ai.o, July 17.—On Sunday evening last, at Winona. Minnesota, Vice President Colfax, w ho was the guest of Senator Win doui, briefly addressed a Sunday school con nected with the Congregational Church He said it was not his intention, on coming into Minnesota, to indulge in public speak ing. under any circumstances, but, when invited to say a few words in a Sunday school, he could nor refuse, for among lhe happiest recollections 'of his life were those of the time ho had spent in the infant class, to which he had been taken by his mother when only three years old. tor some twelve years it was his privilege, and he considered it a great privilege, to be a teacher in the Sunday school, and one of the sweetest re wards of his life was the assurance of a young man about to enter the ministry that J 4 through his instrumentality that he had been led to that calling. The speaker considered that the injunction of the Saviour to Simon Peter. "Feed mv lambs." hail Peter, "Feed my lambs," had come to Simon Peter. "Feed mv lambs." hail Peter, "Feed my lambs," had come down to us, and it devolved upon Sunday school teachers to realize tbe responsibility that rested upon them in dealing with the immortal souls committed toXheir care. He dwelt with much emphasis upou the beneficial influence exerted by the Sunday school iu tlie home circle and upon society at large. It makes children more tender, more respectful, more obedient. Go to pri sons, be said, as lie had frequently gone, and ask the poor wretches behind the bars if they had been brought up in Sunday schools. Only an occasional criminal will give you an affirmative answer. Their school was ujsm the street and in places where they were cut off lrorn all moral and religious instruction. Drawing bis remarks to ixclose, lie said it was hardly possible that he would ever see all their faces again, even it lie were to re turn to Winona at some future day, but be fore leaving he wished to give one or two seutimenis to the young people before him— sentiments (hat if lived up to would brighten the retrospect as they recalled their youth ful days The first wa~, 1st masters and mis tresses of vour tempers, of yourselves. Hasty words caused more unhappiness than floweil from any oilier source. The other advice was, never allow yourselves to do an act in private that you would blush to have ex posed to the gaze of the world. Fortify yourselves against temptation from without and sinfulness from within, and you will have laid the foundation for a peaceful and happy life. TREATIES AND PROCLAMATIONS. A PROCLAMATION by the President of the United of America. Treaty between the United States and Great Britain— Claims, fisheries, navigation of the St. Lawrence, etc., American lumber on tlie river St. John, boundary—Concluded May 8, 1871; ratifications exchanged Juue 17, 1871; proclaimed July 4, 1871. Whereas, a treaty between the United States of America aud Her Majesty the S licen of the United Kingdom of Great ritaic and Ireland, concerning the settle ment of all causes of difference hetweeu the two countries, was concluded and signed at Washington by the high commissioners and plenipotentiaries of the respective govern ments on the eight day of May lust; which treaty is, word for word, as follows: The United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty, being desirous to pro vide for an amicable settlement of all causes ot difference between the two coun tries, have for that purpose appointed their respective plenipotentiaries, that is to say: the President of the United States has appointed, on the part of tlie United States, as commission ers in a joint high commission und plenipotentiaries, Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State ; Robert Cum ming Sehenck. envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Great Brit ain; Samuel Nelson. an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; Ebeneger Hoekwood Hoar, of Massachusetts: and George Henry Williams, of Oregon; and Her Britupic Majesty, on her part, has appointed as her high commissioners and plenipotentiaries, the Right Honorable George Frederick Samuel, Earl de Grey and Earl of Ripon, Viscount Goderich, Baron Grantham, a Baronet, a peer of the United Kingdom. Lord President ot Her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, etc., etc.; the Right Honorable Sit Stafford Henry Northeote, Baronet, one of Her Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, a member of Parliament, a Companion of the Most Hon orable Order of the Bath, etc., etc ; Sir Ed ward Thornton, Knight Commander of t'te Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Her Majesty's envoy extraordinary and minis ter plenipotentiary to the United States of America; Sir John Alexander Macdonald, Knight Commander of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, a member of Hot Majes ty's Privv Council for Canada, and Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Her Majesty's Dominion of Canada; aud Moun tague Bernard, Esquire, Chichele Professor of international law in the University of Oxford. And the said plenipotentiaries, after hav ing exchanged their full powers, which were found to l>e in due aud proper form, have agreed to aud concluded tire following ar ticles: ARTICLE I. ; Whereas. Differences have arisen be tween the government of the United States and the government of Her Britanhic Ma jesty, and still exist, growing out of the acts committed by the several vessels which have given rise to'the claims genetically known as the "Alabama claims;" And whereas. Her Britannic Majesty La« authorized ber high commissioners aud plenipotentiaries, to express, in a friendly spirit, the regret felt by Her Majesty's gov ernment for the escape, under whatever cir cum stances, of the Alabama and other ves sels from British ports, and for the depreda tions committed by those vessels: Now, in order to remove and adjust all complaints and claims on the part of the United States, and to provide for the speed v settlement of such claims, which are not ad mitted by Her Britannic Majesty's govern ment, the high contracting parties agree that all the said claims, growing out of acts committed by tbe aforesaid vessels and generically known as the "Alabama claims," shall be referred to a tribunal of arbitration to be composed of five arbitra tors, to be appointed in the following man ner, that is to say: One shall be named by the President of the United States; one shall be named by Her Britannic Majesty; His Majesty the King of Italy shall be re quested to name one; the President of tbe Swiss Confederation shall be requested to name one; and His Majesty the Emperor ol Brazil shall be Requested to name one* Iu ease of tbe death, absence, or incapa city to serve of any or either of the said ar bitrators, or, in the event of either of the said arbitrators omitting or declining or ceasing to act as such, tbe President of" tbe United States, or Her Britannic Majesty, or His Majesty the King of Italy, or the Presi- j dent of the Swiss Confederation, or Ills i Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, as the case I may be, may forthwith name another per- ! son to act as arbitrator iu the place and stead of the arbitrator originally named by such head ol a State. And in the even' of the refusal or omis sion for two months after receipt of the re quest from either of the high contracting parties of His Majesty the King of Italy, or the President of the'Swiss Confederation, or His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, to name an arliitrator either to fill the original appointment or in the place of one who may have died, be absent, or incapacitated, or who may omit, decline, or from any cause cease to act as such arbitrator, Ilis Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway shall be requested to name one or more persuna, as the ease may be, to act as such arbitrator or arbitrators. ARTICLE II. The arbitrators shall meet at Geneva, Switzerland, at the eailiest convenient day after they shall have boon named, aud shall proceed impartially and carefully to exam ine and decide all questions that shall he laid before them on the part of the gov ernments of the United States and Her Britannic Majesty, respectively. All ques tions considered by ihe tribunal, including tlie final award, shall be decided, bv a ma jority of all tbe arbitrators. Each of the high contracting parties shall also name one person to attend (lie tribunal as its agent to represent it generally in all matters connected with the arbitration. j article ur. The written or printed case of each of tlie two pal ties, accompanied by the documents, the official correspondence, and other evi dence on which each relies, shall be de livered in duplicate to each of the arbitra tors and to tbe agent of the other party as soon as may be after the organization of the tribunal, but within a period not exceeding six mouths irom the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty. ARTICLE IV. Within four months alter the delivery on both sides of the written or printed case, either party may, iu like manner, deliver in duplicate to each of said arbitrators, and to the agent of the other .party, a coun ter case aud additional documents, cor respondence and evidence in reply to tbe case, documents, correspondence and evi dence so presented by the other party. The arbitrators may, however, extend the time for delivering such counter ease, doc uments, correspondence and evidence when, in their judgment, it becomes neces sary, iu consequence of tlie distance of the place from which the evidence to be pre sented is to be procured. * If in the case submitted to the.arbitrators either party shall have specified or alluded to any report or document in its own ex clusive possession without annexing a eopy, such party shall be bound, if tbe other party thinks proper to apply for it, to fur nish that party with a copy thereof; and either party may call upon the other, through the arbitrators, to produce the originals or certified copies of any papers adduced as evidence, giving in each in stance such reasonable notice as the arid tratora may require. ARTICLE V. It shall lie the duty of the agent of each party, within two months after the expira tion ot the time limited for the delivery of the counter ease on both sides, to deliver in duplicate to each of the said arbitrators and to the agent of the other party a written or showing the points aud f ' r ™» f<> tb ®. evidence upon wbieh his 8 " d 1,10 arbitrators rZl'Ji \P mT< - '"rther elucidation with regard to any point, require a written or printed statement or argument, or oral argument by counsel upon it; but in such case the other party shall be entitled to re may be her ° r!lly<>r writin K. as the case ARTICLE VI. Ia deciding the matters submitted to the arbitrators, they shall be governed by the following three rules, which are agreed upon by the high contracting parties as rules to be taken as applicable to the ease, and by suet) principles of international law not inconsistent therewith as the arbitrators shall determine to have been applicable to the case. A neutral government is hound— First, to use due diligence to prevent the fiHiog arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has rea sonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or carry on war against a power with which it is at peace; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction ol' any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel hav ing been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use. Secondly, not to permit or suffer either belligerent to make use of its ports or waters as the base of naval operations against the other, or for the purpose of the renewal or augmentation of military sup Phvs.or arms, or the recruitment of men. Thirdly, to exercise due diligence in its own ports and waters, and, as to all per son^ withiu its jurisdiction, to prevent any violation of the foregoing obligations anil luties. Her Britannic Majesty lias commanded her Ingh commission.u s and plenipotentia ries to declare that Her Majesty's govern ment can not assent to the foregoing rules as a statement, ol principles of international law wh;. h were iu force at the time when the claims mentioned in Article I arose, hut that Her Majesty's government, in order to evince its desire ot strengthening the lnendly relations between the two coun tries and of making satisfactory provision for the lutiire, agrees that iu deciding the questions between tbe two countries arising out ol those claims, the arbitrators should assume that Her Majesty's government had undertaken to act upon the principles set lortlt in these rules. And the high contracting parties agree to observe these rules as between themselves in future, and to bring them to the knowl edge of other maritime powers, and to in vite them to accede to them. j j j remuneration l > *".ved by it ARTICLE VII. Tlie decision of the tribunal shall, if pos sible, be made within three months from the close of the argument on both sides. If shall be made in writing and dated, aud shall be signed by the arbitrators who may assent to it. lhe said tribunal shall first determine as to each vessel separately whether Great Britain has, by any act or omission, failed to fulfill any of the duties set forth in the foregoing three rides, or recognized by the principles of international law not inconsist ent with such rules, aud shall certify such tact as to each of tbe said vessels. In case the tribunal^ find that Great Britain has failed to fulfill any duty or duties as afore said, it may, if it think proper, proceed to award a sum in gross to he paid by Great Britain to the United States for all claims referred to it: and in such case the gross sum so awarded shall be paid in coin by the government of Groat Britain to tbe govern ment oi the United States at Washington, within twelve months after the date oi the award. The award shell be in duplicate, one copy whereof shall bo delivered to tue agent of the United States for his government, and the other copy shall bo delivered to the agent ol Great Britain ior his govern ment. ARTICLE VIII. Each government shall pay its own agent, and provide for tiie proper of the counsel em and of the arbitrator Appointed by it, and for the expense of pre paring and submitting its case to tlie tribn ual. All other expenses connected with the abitration shad be defrayed by the two governments in equal moieties. ARTICLE IX. The arbi - tutors shall keep an accurate record of their proceedings, and may ap point and employ the necessary officers to assist them. ARTICLE X. In ca'-n the tribunal finds that Great Britain has failed to fulfil any duty or duties as aforesaid, aud does not award a sum in.gross, the high contracting parties agree that a board of assessors shall be ap pointed to ascertain and determine what claims are valid, and what amount or amounts shall lie paid by Great Britain to the United States on account of the liability arising from such failure, as to each vessel, according to the extent of such liability as decided by the arbitrators, The board of assessors shall be consti tuted as follows: One member thereof shall he named by the President of the United States, one member thereof shall be named by Her Brit tannic Majesty: and one meipber thereof shall be named by the representative at Washington of His Majesty the King of Italy; and iu case of a vacancy hapnening from any cause, it shall be tilled in the same manner in which the original in the same manner in which the original appointment was made. As soon ns possible after such nomina tions the board ot assessors shall be organ ized iu Washington, with power to hold their sittings there, or in Now York, or iu Boston. The members thereof shaii sever ally subscribe a solemn declaration that they will impartially aud carefully examine and decide, to the best of their judgment and according to justice aud equity, all mat ters submitted to them, and shall forth with proceed, under such rules and regula tions as they may prescribe, to the invest! gation of the claims which shall be pi eseuted to them by the gm erniuent of the United States, and 6hall examine and decide upon them in such older and manner as they may think proper, but upon such evi dence or information only as shall be fur nished by or on behalf of the governments of the United States aud of Great Britain, respectively. They shall be bound to hear on each separate claim, if required, one per son on behalf of each government, as coun sel or agent. A majority ot the assessors in each case shall be sufficient for a decision. The decision of each assessor shall bo given upon each claim in writing, and shall be signed by them respectively and dated. Each claim shall he presented to the as sessors within six months from the day of their first meeting, but they may, for good cause shown, extend the time lor the pre sentation of any claim to a lurtber period, not exceeding three months. The assessors shall report to each govern ment at or before the expiration of oue year from the date ol their first meeting the amount of claims decided by them up to the date of such report: il further claims then remain undecided, they shall make a further report at or before rhe expiration of two years from the date of such first meeting; and in case any claims remain undetermined at that time, they shall make a tiual report within a further period of six mouths. The report or reports shall be made in duplicate, and one copy thereof shall be ue livered to the Secretary of Mate of the United States, aud one copy thereof to the representative of Her Britannic Miyesty at Washington. All sums of money which may be awarded unucr this article shall be payable at Wash ington, in coin, within twelve mouths after the delivery of each report. The board of assessors may employ such clerks as they shall thiDk necessary. The expenses of the board of assessors shall be borne equally by tbe two govern ments, and paid from time to time, as may be found expedient, on the prod action of accounts certified by the hoard. The remu neration of the assessors shall also be paid by the two governments in equal moieties in a similar manner. ' t. ARTICLE XI. Tlie high contracting parties engage to consider the result of the proceedings of the tribunal of arbitration and vi the board of assessors, should such board be ap pointed, as a full, perfect and final settle ment of all tlie claims hereinbefore referred to; and further engage that every such claim, whether the same may or may not have been presented to the notice of, made, preferred, or laid before the tribunal or board, shall, from and after the conclu sion of the proceedings of the tribunal or board, be considered and treated as finally settled, barred, and thenceforth in admissible. article xii. The liisrh contracting parties agree that all claims on the part of corporations, com panies, or private individuals, citizens of the United States, upon the government of Her Britannic Majesty, arising out of acts committed against the persons or property ot the citizens of the United States during tbe period between the thirteenth of April, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, and the ninth of April, eighteen hundred and sixty five, inclusive, net being claims growing out of tbe acts of the vessels referred to in arti cle one of this treaty, and all claims, with the like exception, on the part of corporations, companies, or private individuals, sub jects of Her Britannic Majesty, upon the government of tlie United States, arising out ot acts committed against the persons or property of subjects of Her Britannic Majesty during the same period, which may have been presented to either govern ment for its interposition with the other, and which may yet remain unsettled, as well as any other such claim which may be present ed within the time specified in article xiv ot this treaty, shall be referred to three commissioners, to be appointed in tbe fol lowing manner, that is to say: One com missioner shall he named by the President ot the United States, one by Her Britannic Majesty, and a third by tbe President of the United States and Her Brittanic Majesty conjointly; and in case the third commis sioner shall not have been so earned within a period of three months from the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, then the third commissioner shall be named by the representative at Washington ot His Majesty the King of Spain. Iu ease of the death, absence, or incapacity of any commissioner, or in the event of any com missioner omitting or ceasing to act, the vacancy shall be filled iu the manner here inbefore provided for making the original appointment; the period of three montlis in case of such substitution being calculated ' from the date of tlie happening of the vacancy. ° The commissioners so named shall meet at Y\ asbington at tbe earliest convenient period alter they have keen respectively named; and shall, before proceeding to any busi ness, make and subscribe a solemn declara tion that they will impartially anti care fully examine and decide, to the best ol their judgment, and according to justice ami equity, all such claims as shall be laid be fore them on the part of the governments ot the United States and of Her Britanic Majesty, respectively; and such declaration shall be entered on the record of their pro ceedings. ARTICLE XIII. The commissioner shall then forthwith proceed to the investigation of the claims which shall be presented to them. They shaii investigate aud decide such claims iu such order aud such manner us they may tluuk proper, but upon such evidence or in formation only as shall be furnished by or on behalf ol the respective governments. 1 hey shall be bound to receive and consider all written documents or statements which may be presented to them by or on behall of the respective governments in support of, or in answer to, any claim, and to hear, if required, one person on each side, on behalt ol each government, on each and every separate claim. A majority of the commissioners shall be sufficient for an award iu each case. The award shall be given upon each claim in writing, aud shall be signed by the com missioners assenting to it. It shall be competent for each gavei-Huienttonameone person to attend the commissioners as its agent, to present and support claims on its behalf, aud to answer claims made upou it, and to represent it generally in all matters connected with the investigation and de cision thereof. The high contracting parties hereby en gage to consider the .decision of the com missioners as absolutely final and conclusive upon each claim decided upon by them, and to give full effect to such decisions without any objection, evasion or delay whatso ever. ARTICLE XIV. Every claim shall be presented to the commissioners withiu six months from the day of their first meeting, unless ia any case where reasons for delay shall be estab lished to the satisfaction of the commission crs. and then, and in any such case, the pe riod lor presenting the claim may he extend ed by them to any time not exceeding three months longer. The commissioners shall be bound to ex amine and decide upon every claim within two years from the day of thrir first meet ing. It shall ue competent for the commis sioners to decide in each case whether any claim has or has not been duly made, pre ferred, and laid before tbem, either wholly or to any and what extent, according to the true iutent and meaning of this treaty. article xv. All sums of money which may he awarded by the commissioners on account of any i laim shall tie paid by the oue government to the othei.as the case may be, within twelve mom fas afrer the date of tbe final award, without interest, and without any deduction save as specified iu article xvi of this treaty. article xvi. The commissioners shall keep an accurate record, and correct minutes or notes of all , their proceedings, with the dates thereof, and mav appoint and employ a secretary, and any other necessary officer or officers, to assist them in the transaction of the business which may come before them. Each government shall pay its own com missioner and agent or counsel. All other expenses shall be defrayed by the two gov ernments iu equal moieties. The whole expenses of the commission, including contingent expenses, shall be de frayed by a ratable deduction on tbe amount ol tbe sums awarded by the commissioners, provided always that such deduction shall not exceed the rate of five per cent on the sums so awarded. article xvii. The high contracting parties engage to consider the result'd the proceedings of this commission as a full, perfect and final settlement of all such claims as are men tioned in article XII ot' this treaty upon either government; and fur her engage that every such claim, whether or not the same may have been presented to the notice of, made, preferred or laid before the said com mission, shall, from and after tlie conclu sion ot the proceedings of the said commis sion, be considered and treated as finally settled, barred, and thenceforth inadmiss ible. ARTICLE XVIII. It is agreed by the high contracting par ties.that, in addition to tbe liberty secured to the United States fishermen bv the con ventmn between the United States and ureat Britain, signed at London on tbe twentieth day of October, 1818, of taking, curing, and drying fish on certain.coasts of the British North Arne rican colonies therein ' i "a, ' 1 he luhabitanisof the United States shall have, in common with the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, the liberty, for tlie leim.ol years mentioned in article xxxiii ol this treaty, to take fish of every kind, ex cept shell fish, on the sea>-coasts and shores, aou in the bay's, harbors, aud creeks, of the provinces ot Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Biunswick, and tlie colony yf Prince Ed ward s Island, and ot the several islands thereunto adjacent , without being restricted to any distance trum tbe shore, with per mission to land upon the said coasts and shores and islands, aud also upon the Mag dalen Islands, for the purpose of drying their nets anil curing their fish; provided that, in so doing, they do not interfere with t. L- 1 , i/ S i private property, or with British fishermen, iu the peaceable use of any part ol the said coasts in their occu pancy for the same purpose. It is understood that ihe above-mentioned liberty applies solely - to the sea fishery, and that the sa lmon ami shad fisheries, and all other fisheries in rivers and the mouths of rivers, are hereby reserved exclusively for British fishermen. article xix. It _ is agreed by the high contracting parties that British subjects shall have, in common with the citizens of the United States, the liberty, for the term of years mentioned in article xxxiii of this treaty, take fish nt every kind, except shell fish, on the eastern seacoasts and snores of the United Slates, north of the thirty-ninth parallel ot north latitude, and the shores ot the several islands thereunto adjacent, and in the bays, harbors, and creeks ol Ihe said seacoasts and shores of I he l mted States and of the said islanos, without being restricted to any distance from the shore, with permis sion to land upon the said coasts of the United States and ol'the islands aforesaid, for the purpose of drying their nets and curing their fish; provided, ihat in so doing they do not interfere with the rights of private property, or with the fishermen of the United Stales in the peaceable use of aD,y part of the said coasts in their occupancy for the same purpose. understood that the above mentioned liberty applies solely to the sea fishery, and that salmon and shad fisheries, and all other fisheries in rivers and mouths of rivers, are hereby reserved exclusively for fishermen of the United States. ARTICLE XX. It is agreed that the places designated by the commissioners appointed under the first article of the treaty between the United States aud Great Britain, concluded at Wash ington on the fifth of June, 1854, upon the coasts of Her Britannic Majesty's dominions and the United States, as places reserved from the common right of fishing under that treaty, shall be regarded as in like manner reserved from tbe common right of fishing under the preceding articles. In ease any question should arise between the gov ernments of the United States and Her Britannic Majesty as to the common right of fishing in places not thus designated as reserved, it is agreed that a commission shall be appointed to designate such places, and shall be constituted in the same wan ner. and have the same powers, duties and authority as the commission appointed un der the said first article of the treaty of the fifth of June, 1854. ARTICLE XXI. It is agreed that, for the term of years mentioned in article xxxiii of this treaty, fish oil and fish of all kinds (except fish of the inland lakes, and of the rivers falling into them, and except fish preserved in oil), being the produce of the fisheries of the United States, or of the Dominion of Can ada. or of Prince Edward's Inland, shall be free of duty ARTICLE XXII. Inasmuch as it is asserted by the govern ment of Her Britannic Majesty that the privileges accorded to the citizens of the United States under article xviii of this treaty are of greater value than those accorded by articles xix and xxi of this treaty to the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, and this assertion is not admitted by the government of the United States, it is further agreed that eommisionors shall be appointed to determine, having regard to the privileges accorded by the United to the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, as stated in articles xix and xxi of this treaty, the amount of any compensation which, in their opinion, o'lgiit 10 lie paid by the government of the United states toAh government ot Her Britannic Majesty in return for the privileges accorded to the citizens of the United .States under article xviii of this treaty; aud that any sum of money which the said commissioner* may so award shall he paid by the United States government in a gross sum within twelve months after such award shall have been given. ARTICLE XXIII. The commissioners referred to in tfle pre ceding article shall be appointed in the fol lowing manner, that is to say: One commis sioner shall be named by the President of the United States, one by Her Britannic Majesty, and a third by tlie* President of the United States and Her Britannic Majesty conjointly; and in case tlie third commis sioner shall not have been so named within a period of three months from The date when this article shall tike effect, then the third commissioner shall be named by the representative at London of His Majesty the Emperor of Austria and King at Hun gary In case of the death, absence, or in capacity of any commissioner, or in the event of any commissioner omitting or ceasing to act. the vacancy shall be tilled in the manner hereinbefore provided for mak ing the original appointment, the period of three months iu case of such substitution being calculated from the date of the happen ing ol the vacancy. The commissioner* so named shall meet in rli&iity of Halifax, in tbe province of Nova Scotia, at the earliest convenient period after tbev have been respectively named, and shaii, before proceeding to any busi ness, make and subscribe a solemn declara tion that they will impartially aud care fully examine and decide the matters re ferred to them to the best of their judg ment, and according to j#ffiee and equity: and such declaration shall be entered on the record of their proceedings. Each of tlie high contracting parties shall also name une person' to attend the commis sion as its agent, to represent it generally in a'l matters connected with the commis sion. ARTICLE XXIV. The proceedings shall be conducted in such order as the commissioners appointed under articles xxii and xxiii of this treaty shall determine. They shall be bound to receive such oral or written testimony as either gov ernment may present. If either party shall offer oral testimony, the other party shall have the right of cross-examina tion. under such rules as the commissioners shall prescribe. If iu the case submitted to the commis sioners either party shall have specified or alluded to any report or document in its own exclusive possession, without annex ing a copy, such party shall be bound, if rhe other party thinks proper to apply for it, to furnish that party with a copy thereof; and either party may call upon the other, through the commissioners, to produce the originals or certified copies of any papers adduced as evidence, giv ing in each in stance such reasonable notice as the com missioners may require. The case on either side shall be closed within a period of six months from the date of the organization of the commission, and the commissioners shall be requested to give their award as soon as possible there after. The aforesaid period of six months may be extended for three months in case of a vacancy occurring among the com missioners under the circumstances con templated in article xxiii of this treaty. ARTICLE XXV. The comraisiouers shall keep an accurate record and correct minute* or notes of all their proceedings, with the dates thereof, and may appoint and employ a secretary . . » . . 1 , I , /IA . ' .1 ,1,* , t ill A*. A lit ... A. . . » . . 1 , I , /IA . ' .1 ,1,* , t ill A*. A lit ... A. and any other necessary officer or officers to assist them in the transaction of the busi ness which may come before them. Each of lhe high contracting parties shall pay its owu commissioner aud agent or counsel; all other expenses shall bo de frayed by the two governments iu equal moieties. ARTICLE XXVI. Tlie navigation of the river St. Lawrence, ascending and descending, from the forty tilth parallel ol north latitude, where it ceases to form the boundary between the two countries, from, to, and into tbe sea, shall forever remain free and open for tlie purposes of commerce to the citizens of the United States, subject to any laws and regulations of Great Britain, or of the Do minion of Canada, not inconsistent wdfh such privilege of free navigation. The navigation of the rivers Yukon, Por cupine and Stikine, ascending and descend ing, from, to, and into the sea. shall forever remain free ond open for the purposes of commerce to the subjects of her Britannic Majesty and to the citizens of the United States, subject to any laws and regulations of either country within its own territory, not inconsistent with such privilege of free navigation. ARTICLE XXVII. Tne government of Her Britannic Ma jesty engages to urge upon tbe government of the Dominion of Canada to secure to the citizens of the United States the use of the Welland, St. Lawrence, aud other canals in the Dominion on terms ol equality with the inhabitants of tbe Dominion; and t^j gov ernment. of the United States engages that the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty shall enjoy the use of the St. Clair Flats canal on terms of equality with the inhabit ants of the United States, and further en gages to urge upon the Stare governments to secure to the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty the use of the several State canals connected with the navigation of tbe lakes or rivers traversed by or contiguous to the boundary line between the possessions of the high contracting parties, on terms of equality with the inhabitants oi -the United States. ARTICLE XXVIII. The navigation of Lake Michigan shall also, tot the term of years, mentioned in article xxxiii ol this treaty, be free and open for the purposes of commerce to the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty, subject to any laws and regulations of the United States or of the States bordering thereon not inconsistent with such privilege of tree navigation. article xxix. It is agreed that, for the term of years mentioned in artiole xxxiii of this treaty, goods,- wares or merchandise arriving at the ports of New York, Boston and Portland, and any other ports in the United States which have been or may, from time to time, he specially designated by the President of the United State*, and destined for Her Britannic Majesty's possessions in North America, may be entered at the proper customhouse and conveyed in transit, with out tlie payment of duties, through the ter ritory of the United States, under such rules, regulations and conditions for the protection of the revenue as the govern ment of the United States may from time to time prescribe; and under like rules, regu lations and conditions, goods, wares or mer chandise may be conveyed in transit, with out the payment of duties, from such pos sessions through the territory of the United States for export from the said ports of the United States. It is further agreed that, for tbe like period, goods, wares or merchan dise arriving at any of the ports of Her Britannic Majesty's possessions in North America, and destined for the United States, may be entered at the proper customhouse and conveyed in transit, without the pay ment ol duties, through the said possessions, under such rules and regulations, and con ditions for the protection of the revenue as the governments of the said possessions may from time to time prescribe; and, un der like rules, regulations, and conditions, goods, Wares, or merchandise maybe con veyed in transit, without paym<*nt'of duties, from the United States through the said possessions to other places in the United Mates, or for export from ports in the said possessions. ARTICLE XXX. It is agreed that, for the term of years mentioned iu article xxxiii of this treaty, subjects of Her Britannic Majesty may carry in British vessels, w ithout payment of duty, goods, wares, or merchandise from one port or place within the territory of the United States upon the St. Lawrence, the Great Lakes, anil the rivers connecting the same, to another port or place within the territory of the United States as aforesaid; provided, that a portion of such transpor tation is made through the Dominion of Canada by land carriage and in bond, un der such rules and regulations as may be agreed upon between the government of Her Britannic Majesty aud the government of tlie. United States. Citizens of the United States may for the like period carry in United States vessels, without payment of duty, goods, wares, or merchandise from one port or place within the possessions of Her Britannic Majesty in North America to another port or place within t,he said possessions; provided, that a portion of such transportation is made through the territory of the United States by land carriage and in bond, uniter such rules and regulations as may be agreed upon between the government of the United States and the government of Her Britan nic Majesty. The government of the United States further engages not to impose any export duties on goods, wares, or merchandise car ried under this article through the territory of the United States; and Her Majesty's government engages to urge the Parliament of the Dominion of Can ada aud the legislatures of the other Colonies not to impose any export duties on good, wares, or merchandise carried under this article; and the government of the United States mav. in case such export duties are imposed by tlie. Dominion of Cuuada, sus pend, during the period, that such duties are imposed, the right of carrying granted under this article in favor of the subjects of Her Britannic Majesty. The government of the United States may suspeud the right of carrying granted in favor of the subjects of lier Britannic Majesty under this article, in case the Do minion of Canada should at any time de prive the citizens of the United Stares of the use of the cauals in the said Dominion on terms of equality with thfe inhabitants of the - Dominion, as, provided in article xxvii. ARTICLE XXXI. Tlie government of Her Bri annic Ma icsty fitrfbeeengages to urge upon the Par liament of the Dominion of Canada and the Legislature of New Brunswick, that no ex port duty, on other ffAty. shall be levied on lumber or timber of any kind cut on that portion of the American territory in the State of Maine watered by tlie river St. John aud its tributaries, and floated down that river to the sea, when the same is shipped to the United States from the Province of New Brunswick. And, in ease any such export or other duty con tinues to he levied after the expiration of oue year iron; the date of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, it is agreed that the government of the United States may suspend the right of ciff rying herein before granted under article xxx of this . treaty for such period as sueh export or other duty may be levied. ARTICLE XXXII. It is further agreed that the provisions and stipulations of articles xviii to xxv of this treaty, inclusive, shall extend to the colony of Newfoundland, so far as they are applicable. But il the Imperial Parlia ment. the Legislature of Newfoundland, or the Congress of the United States, shall not embrace the colony of Newfounland in their laws enacted for carrying the forego ing articles into effect, then this article shall be of no effect: but The omission to make provision by law to give it effect, by either ot the legislative bodies aforesaid, shall not in auy way impair auy other ar ticles of this treaty. ARTICLE XXXIII. The foregoing articles xviii to xxv, in clusive. and article xxx of this treaty, shall take effect as soon as the laws required to carry them info opicration shall have been passed by the Imperial Parliament of Great. Britain, by the Parliament of Canada, ana by the Legislature of Prince Edward's Island on the one hand, aud by the Con gress of the United States on the other. Sueh assent having beep given, the said ar ticles shall remain ia force for the period ox ten years from the date at which they may come into operation; and further until the expiration of two years after either of the high contracting'parties,shall have given notice to the other of its wish to terminate, tlie same; each of the high contracting par ties being at liberty to give such notice to the other at the end of the said period of ten years or at any time atterward. ARTICLE XXXIV. Whereas, it was stipulated by article one of tbe treaty concluded at Washington on the fifteenth of June, 1846, between the United States aud lier Britannic Majesty, that the line of boundary between the ter ritories of the United States and those of Her Britannic Majesty, from the point on tbe fiirtv ninth parallel of north latitude np Id "bichit hail already been ascertained, should bo continued westward along the said parallel of north latitude "to the mid dle ol the channel which separates the con tinent from Vancouver's Island, and thence southerly, through the miihile of said chan nel and ol Fuca Straits, to the Pacific Ocean: and whereas, the commissioners ap pointed by the two high contracting parties to determine that portion of the boundary which runs southerly thrdbgh the middle ol the channel aforesaid, were unable to agree upon the same; and whereas, the govern ment of Her Britannic Majesty claims thi^t such boundary line should, under the ten s of the treaty above recited, be run through the Rosario Straits, and the government of the United Stares claims that it should be run through the Canal de Haro, it is agreed that the respective claims of the govern ment of the United States and of the gov ernment of Her Britannic Majesty shall be submitted to the arbitration aud award of His Majesty tlie Emperor of Germany, who, having regard to the above mentioned ar ticle of tlie said treaty, shall decide there upon, finally and without appeal, which o. those claims is most in accordance with the true interpretation of the treaty of June 15, 1846. ARTICLE XXXV. riie award of Hi - Majesty the Emperor oi Germany shall be considered as absolutely final and conclusive, ,,ud full effect shaii be given to such award without anv objec tmn, evasion, oi delay whatsoever. Such decision shall be given in writing and dated; it shall he in whatsoever form His Majesty may choose to adopt, it shall be delivered, to t he representatives or other public agents oi the L mted Start- - and of Great Britain, respectively, who may be actually at Ber fn, and shall be ousidered as operative fioni the day ol t:i • date of the delivery thereof. ARTICLE XXXVI. The written or printed case of each of the two parties, accompanied by the evidence