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New Orleans Republican. [volume] (New Orleans, La) 1867-1878, December 28, 1872, Image 2

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Sixteenth Day's Sess'on.
Behate Chakbss, !
New Orleans, December 27, 1872. 5
Tbe Senate met pursuant to adjournment,
and was called to order by Horn A. B. Har
ms, Lieutenant Governor of the State and
President of the Senate.
Senator elect J. K. Alexander, from the
nineteenth Senatorial district of Louisiana,
appeared in the Senate Chamber.
On suggestion of Mr. Ingraham, the Sen
ator having taken the required oath, took
his seat in the Senate.
On call of the roll the following Senators
answered to their names:
Present—Hon. A. B. Harris, and Messrs.
Alexander, Barber, Blunt, Burch, Brews
ter, Blaokburn, Cage. Greene, P. F. Her
wig, E. F. Herwig, Harper, Hunsaker, In
graham, Kelso, Masicot, Noland, Sypher
Stamps, Twitehell, Wharton—2i.
The President of the Sonate announced a
quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
The minutes of the proceedings of De
cember 21 and 23 were read, and the Presi
dent announced that the journal of those
proceedings stood approved, after the same
had been corrected by order of the Senate.
By Mr. Blackburn:
Of a bill to be entitled an act to amend
the homestead law, and the better to secure
tillers of the soil, who are not free holders,
in the fruit* of their labor.
Also, a bill to be entitled an act relative
to public and official printing.
By Mr. Cage:
A bill for the relief of J. M. Bnrguiere,
State tax eollector for the parish of Terre
bonne, authorizing and requiring the State
Auditor of Public Accounts to make final
The bill was taken up by unanimous con
sent and put on its first reading and read.
The constitutional rule was suspended by
the required four-fifths affirmative vote and
the bill put on its second reading and re
ferred to the Committee on J udiciary.
By Mr. Blackburn:
By unanimous consent a resolution was
introduced, taken up and rcud concerning
the recent election.
Pending consideration of the same,
Mr. Burch raised the point of order that
tho discussion was ont of order, under a
rule of the Senate "that a special commit,
tee conld not be created to perform the
duties of any standing committee.''
Point of ordor was sustained by the
The President decided that the only ques
tion pending on the resolution was the refer,
once to the Committee on Contested Elec
On the suggestion of Mr. Barber, the
resolution was finally withdrawn by the
On motion of Mr. Ingraham, duly second
ed, the Senate went into executive session.
Executive session having been raised, the
Senate was called to order.
On call of the roll the following Senators
answered to their names:
Present—lion. A. B. Harris, and Messrs.
Alexander, Barber, Blunt, Burch, Brewster,
Blackburn, Cage, Greene, P. F. Herwig, E.
F. Herwig, Harper, Hunsaker, Ingraham.
Masicot, Noland, Sypher, Stamps,Twitehell,
The President of the Senate announced a
quotum present.
By Mr. Noland:
Jitsolced , That the Committee on Peniten
tiary proceed to Baton Rouge and examine
the condition and affaire of the Louisiana
Laid over.
Mr, P. F. Herwig, chairman of the Com
mittee on Finance, reported the following
euhstitue to House bill No. 10, to be en
t'tled an act making an appropriation to
pay the mileage and per diem of the mem
bers, salaries of officers and employes, and
the contingent expenses of the extra ses
sion (convened and commenced December
9, 1872) of the third General Assembly of
the State of Louisiana, by appropriating
and providing for the salo ot $73,000 of
Legislative warrants, and declaring the
manner of disbursing the amount realized
by the sale of said warrant*, and for their
Laid over.
On motion of Mr. Noland the Senate
voted to adjourn till to-morrow at the usual
The President then annonnesd that the
Senate stood adjourned till Saturday, De
cember 28, at twelve o'clock M.
The Seventy Million Refunding Bill.
The Washington Republican sayg :
The proposition to refund the tax of three
cents a pound imposed on raw cotton in
18tio, 186ti and 1867 is being advanoed with
systematic persistence, the amount to be
drawn from the treasury iu the event of
success being $70,000,000.' The tax was paid
in the South, but in the fluctuations of
busin. ss the refunding claims are under
stood to have passed inainly into the hands
of Northern capitalists.
John It. G. Ilassard, who becomes ns: n
agiug editor of the New York Tribune on
the retirement of Mr. Whitelaw lieid, is a
man in the prime of life. For eight years
he has been one of the leading editorial
writers on the Tribune. His style is strong,
direct and nervous, ant! ha bus written
probably more than half of the best Tribune
articles for which Mr. Greeley received
credit during the past four or five years.
As a writer Mr. Ilassard is superior to Mr.
Itoid; as a managing editor ho is by no
means Ins equal, as Mr. Colfax and the
Tribune, readers will find. Mr. Ilassard is
ft conspicuous ciAiuplB of tlio itiipprsomili'Y
of journalism. Though for years a wh1
horse on the fourth page „f tlio Tribune he
was almost unknown outside the office of
that paper. His best work was attributed
to Mr. Greeley, and ho himself wrote for
oblivion, lie is a Catholic, and author of
the standard life of Archbishop Hughes.
Parish Judge Daigre, of the pariah of
Rapides, has decided that a man and
woman^ living together as a husband and
wife, t.iough never mairied according to
the loi uis of law, are married, or ns good
88 Married, tor ail practical purposes; and
that the property belonging to one of them
acquired duriDg this so-called coverture, is
b mnd lor ihe (community) debts of both.
A Uiiea man has invented a traveling
trunk with this improvement: Taking hold
of the handle ami lifting one end from tire
floor, a sharp pull draws cut a lured bar
similar to those by which a hand cart i,
dr awn or propelled, and at the same time
two strong wheels drop beneath. The trunk
is at once a box on wheels, and the traveler
con draw it away independent of porters or
Two Russian ladies—Misses Olga 8toff
and Sophie Haase—have been investigating
the circulation of the spleen, by means of
injection and microscopic examination.
Tiuir researches were made on the splet ns
of frogs, pigeons, rabbits, mice, rats and
various other animals, a« well as of the hu
man subject.
hivrm of the United State* Passed at the
Second Session of the Forty-First
[General Nature—N o. 132.]
An act making appropriations for the repair,
preservation and completion of certain
public works on rivers and harbors and
tor other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States of
Amwica in Congress assembled, That the
following sums of money be and are hereby
appropriated, to be paid out' of any money
in the treasury not otherwise appropriated,
to be expended under tho direction ol the
Secretary of War, for the repair, preserva
tion and completion of the following public
woiks hereinafter named :
For the improvement of Dn Luth harbor
Minnesota, fifty thousand dollars; provided,
that no part of said sum shall be expended
8o as to injure the harbor ol .Superior oily
For the improvement of Superior City
harbor, Wisconsin, fifty thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Marquette har
bor, Michigan, fifty thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Menomonee har
bor, Michigan and Wisconsin, twenty-five
thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Alma pee harbor,
Wisconsin, twenty five thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Two Rivers har
bor, Wisconsin, twenty-live thousand do!
Fer the
-, New York, two thousand five hun
dred dollars.
For the improvement of the Monongahela
river between Morgantown and New Ge
neva, in accordance with the plan sub
mitted by General A. A. Humphreys in his
report to the House of Representatives
dated February fourteenth, eighteen hun
dred and seventy two, twenty-five thousand
For the improvement of the Ohio river,
and the harbors thereof, including the re
pair of the Cumberland dam, two hundred
thousand dollars.
For the improvement of the Osage river,
Missouri, twenty-five thousand dollars.
For tho improvement of Currant river,
Missouri, five thousand dollars.
For the continuing the work on the canal
at the falls oi the Ohio river, three hundred
thousand dollars. And the Secretary of
War is hereby directed to report to Con
gress, at its next session, or sooner, if prac
ticable, the condition of said canal, and the
provisions necessary to relieve the same
from incumbrance, with a view to suoh legis
lation as will render the same free to com
merce at the eariiest practicable period,
subject only to such tolls as may be neces
sary for the superintendence and repair
thereof, which shall not, after tho passage
of this act, exceed fivo cents per ton.
For the improvement of Sheboygan, har
bor, Wisconsin, eighteen thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Port Washing
ton harbor, Wisconsin, fifteen thousand dol
For the improvement of Kenosha harbor,
Wisconsin, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Chicago harbor,
Illinois, ninety thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Calumet harbor,
Illinois, forty thousand dollars.
For the improvement ot Michigan City
harbor, Indiana, fifty thousand dollars.
For the improvement of New Buffalo har- i
bor, Michigan, five thousand dollars.
For payment to the Green Bay and Mis
sissippi Canal Company, for so much oi all
and singular its property and rights of
property in and to the line of water
communication between the Wisconsin
river and the month of the Fox river,
including its looks, dams, canals, and
franchises, as were under the act of
Congress for the improvement of water
communication between the Mississippi
river and Lake Michigan by the Wis
consin and Fox rivers, approved July sev
enth, eighteen hundred and seventy, re
ported by the Secretary of War to be
needed, in his communication to tho House
of Representatives dated Maroh eighth,
eighteen hundred and seventy-two, one hun
dred and forty-five thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Frankfort harbor,
Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Manistee harbor,
Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Fere Marquette
harbor, Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Pentwater har
bor, Micnigan, thirty thousand dollars. *
For the improvement of White River har
bor, Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Muskegon har
bor. Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For tho improvement ot Grand Haven
harbor, Michigan, fifteen thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Black Lake har
bor, Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Saugatuck har
bor, fifteen thousand dollars.
For the improvementof Sonth Haven har
bor, Michigan, twelve thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Saint Joseph har
bor, Michigan, three thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Saint Alary's
river and Saint Mary's Falla canal, Michi
gan, three hundred thousand dollars, of
which sum fifteen thousand dollars may he
applied to secure the right ot way.
For the improvement of Cheboygan har
bor, Michigan, fifteen thousand dollars.
For the improvement oi Au Sable river,
Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Harbor of Re
fuge, on Lake Huron, one hundred thousand
dollars. .
For the improvement of the mouth of
Black river, in Saint Clair river, Michigan,
fifteen thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Saint Clair flat*,
Michigan, four thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Toledo harbor,
Ohio, fifteen thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Dunkirk harbor,
New York, twenty-five thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Port Clinton
harbor, Ohio, eight thousand dollars.
For tho improvement of Rocky river
harbor, Ohio, ten thousand dollars.
For tho improvement ot Maumee river
above Toledo, Ohio, seven thousand dollars.
For tho improvement of Monroe harbor,
Michigan, ten thousand dollars.
For tllO immflVftniflnE nf Rnffi
For the improvement of Buffalo harbor.
New York, seventy-five thousand dollars;
and the unexpended balance heretofore ap
propriated for building sea-wall at Buffalo.
For tho improvement of Oicott harbor.
New York, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Pultneyville har
bor, New York, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement ol' Little Sod us har
bor, New York, fifteen thousand dollars.
b or the improvement of Big Sod us har
bor, New York, fifteen thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Oswego harbor,
New York, one hundred thousand dollars.
For tho improvement of Ogdensbureh
harbor, New York, ten thousand dollars. °
For the improvement of Plattsburgh har
bor, New York, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Burlington har
bor. Vermont, thirty thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Otter creek, Ver
mont. irorn Vergenaes to its outlet oa Lake
Champlain, ten thousand dollars.
For dredge and snag boats on the onper
Mississippi river, forty-two thousand 'dol
b or the improvement of the Minnesota
river, .Minnesota, ten thousand dollars.
her the improvement of the Des Moines
rapids, Mississippi river, four hundred
thousand dollars. ,
For the improvement ot the Rock Island
rapuls, Mississippi river, fifty thousand
del lars.
For the preservation ol the falls of Saint
Anthony, Minnesota, and the navigation of
the Mississippi river above the same, fifty
thnusaad dollars.
For improvement of the Mississippi, Mis
eotni and Arkansas rivers, nmetv thousand
dollars; tor improvement ol' the Little Mis
souri liver, ten thousand dollars; for im
provement of the Ouachita river, in Ar
kansas, sixty thousand dollars; aud further
improvement of tb Ouachita river,' in
Louisiana, forty' thousand dollars.
, For the improvement of the MisrissimH
river between the mouth of the JUiiiohs
river and the mouih of tho Missouri river !
twenty--five thousand dollars.
For the improvement of the Mississippi
river between the mouth of the Miss V: i Uqsg
river and the mouth -jr
one kuimreu thousand dollars. ' T
For the improvement of the Waha-i
nver indmna, commencing at iu mouth,
liitv thousand dollars.
bor tho continuation of the work now in
progress on the Tennessee river, below Chat
tanooga, including the Musole shoals, fifty
thousand dollars. ' -
i i
musanu dollars. - ' *- I a .
*• **•*«—. < «» j
river, between Knoxville aud Chattanooga
twenty-five thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Cumberland
river, in Tennessee, twenty thousand doi
For the improvement of the month of the
Mississippi river, Louisiana, one hundred
and fifty-five thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Tones bayou
Louisiana, twenty thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Calcasieu pass,
in the State of Louisiana, fifteen thousand
For the improvement of bar in Halves
ten bay, ten thousand dollars, and for ins
provement of the harbor of Galveston.
Texas, thirty-one thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Cypress bayou
near Jefferson, Texas, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of the Tangipahoa
river, Louisiana, two thousand five hundred
For removing tho raft in Red river, Don
isiana, ono hundred and fifty thousand dot
For removing the wreck of the gunboat
£)regon in the Chifuncte river, Louisiana
six thousand dollars.
For dredging the bar at the m iuth of the
harbor of Cedar Keys, Florida, seven thou
sand five hundred dollars.
For dredging the bar at the mouth of
Saint John's river, Florida, ten thousand
For the improvement of Mobile, harbor
and bay, Alabama, seventy-live thousand
For the improvement of the ship chattne.
in Charleston harbor, South Carolina,
thirty-eight thousand seven hundred dol
For removing obstructions in Ashepoo
river, South Carolina, one thousand three
bundled dollars; and the amount ot the ap
propriation made by act ol Congrees ap
proved July eleventh, eighteen hundred
and seventy, for removing obstructions in
Town creek, near Charier-ton. South Caro
lina, which remains unexpended, is hereby
appropriated to remove wrecks obstructing
navigation in Stono river, South Carolina
near Churoh flats.
For the improvement of Savannah har
bor and river, Georgia, filly thousand did
For the improvement of the entrance to
the harbor of Baltimore, in Patapsco river,
and Chesapeake bay, one hundred thousand
For the improvement of tho Rappahan
nock river, below Fredericksburg, Virginia,
fifteen thousand dollars.
For the improvement of the James river
Virginia, fifty thousand dollars.
For the improvement ot the Appomattox
river below Petersburg, Virginia, forty
thousand dollars.
For the improvemonv ot Aqnia creek, Vir
ginia, ono thousand fivo hundred dollars.
For the improvement of Aeeotink creek
Virginia, five thousand dollars.
For the improvement oi' the Roanoke
river below WeldoD, North Carolina, ten
thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Cape Fear river,
below Wilmington, North Carolina, one
hundred thousand dollars.
. For the improvement of Queen-town
harbor, Maryland, six thousand dollars,
For the improvement of Worton harbor,
Maryland, twelve thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Cambridge har
bor, Marylami, ten thousand dollars.
For removal of reeks at Now Haven
harbor, Connecticut, flfteeen thousand
For the improvement of Northeast river
Maryland, ten thousand dollars.
For the improvement of Wicomico river
Maryland, five thousand dollars.
For clearing and improving the channel
of the Schuylkill river from its mouih to
the Chestnut street bridge, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, forty thousand dollars, of
which sum sufficient is to be used for re
moving the rook between Locust street and
tho said bridge.
For the uni
— - improvement of Wilmington
harbor, Delaware, ten thousand dollars.
For the repair of pier of the ice harbor at
New Castle, Delaware, and lor building q
new pier at said harbor, twenty-seven thou
sand dollars.
For the improvement of Delaware river,
between Trenton and Bordentewn, New
Jersey, ten thousand dollars.
For Improvement of Coohecoriver within
the town ol Dover, New Hampshire, ten
thousand dollars.
For improvement of Black River harbor,
Ohio, twenty thousand dollars.
For surveys and examinations, with »
view to tho improvement of rivers and har
bors, one hundred aud fifty thousand dol
Sec. 2. That the Secretary of War is here
by directed to cause examinations or sur
veys, or both, to be made at the following
points, namely: At Keyport harbor, New
Jersey; channel between Staten island and
New Jersey; at Cohansey creek, New Jer
sey; at Bear creek, Lake Ontario, New
York; at Wuddington harbor, New York;
for a breakwater at Rouse's point, on Lake
Champlain, New York; at Port Austin and
Port Crescent, Michigan; at the mouth of
Pensaukie river, Wisconsin; at Waukegan
harbor, Illinois; the Matthias river, Maine;
at Wickford harbor and Newport harbor,
Rhode Island; the east side of Providence
river, between Field's point arid Fox point,
Rhode Island; at Port Orton), Oregon; at
Estero bay, San Louis, Obispo county, Cali
fornia; the mouths of Nomoni creek and
Ocoaquan river, Virginia; the bay or sound
from Delaware line through Worcester
county " to Chineotoague inlet, Vir
ginia, with a view to an iDlot at or
near a place called the Ilommaoks; tor a
ship canal between the waters of Galves
ton bay and Saline lako, Texas; Chester
river at Kent island narrows, Maryland;
St. Francis river, from Greenville down,
Missouri; Gasconade river, Missouri; Totn
bigbee river, -between Fulton and Colum
bus, Mississippi; harbor of Cedar Keys and
channel to same, Florida; Niantio river,
Connecticut; the bars at the outlet of Sa
bine pass, Texas; the Mississippi river, be
tween the mouth ot the Missouri river and
the mouth of the Ohio river; west end of
the pass at and near Bio Buck point, Texas;
the bar at the mouth of Sabine river, Id
•S abine lake, and to extend up the main
channel of said river to the town of Belzora;
at the mouth ot theNuohes river, in Sabine
lake, and to extend uu the main channel ol
said river to the town of Boonville, at the
point where the Angelica river falls into
the Nuches river, and to extend up the
main channel of said river to the town of
Patterns, Texas; at the mouth of the Triu
ity r.ver, in Galveston bay, and to extend
up tho main channel of said river to the
town of Magnolia, Texas; Washington har
bor, North Carolina, Edenton harbor, North
Carolina; mouth of Macksy's creek, North
Carolina; Chippewa river, up to C'hiupewa
falls,Wisconsin; harbor,atSwunton,Vermont;
harbor at Gal voston, Texas; at Apalachicola
river, from Chattahooche, Florida, to Apa
laehicola; at Chattahooche river, from
Columbus, Georgia, to Chattahooche, Flor
ida; at Flint river, from Albany, Georgia,
to Chattahooche, Florida; for survey ol
breakwater at Milford, Connecticut; mouth
Pine liver, Michigan; the harbor of San
Diego, California; mouih of Grand Calumet
river, Indiana; Great Kanawha river, from
ihe great falls to the month, West Virginia;
complete tho survey of the James'river
-ind Kanawha canal; lor survey of Camden
»rt«?r,_ Maine; for a sea wall or breakwater
Trinidad harbor, California; of the chan
nel ond bank at entrance of Salem harbor;
Merrimack river, Massachusetts, from
Haverhill to Newburyport, including Duet
Hole and Currier shoals; the New river
from the mouth of Greenbrier, in West Vir
*. R **V t 1 * 1 lead mince, in Wythe oounty,
irginia;at St. Helena bur. in the Columbia
it er, Oregon; lor survey lor the removaj
wr. oks of gunboats, steamers and other
obstructions placed iu Yazoo river during
war, and for the resnrvey of Savannah
harbor; the Delaware riv-.-r between Tren
and Easton; for the survey of the river
Mary's, in Ohio and Indiana; for the
survey of tho Minnesota river above the
mstuh ol the Yi-'iow M divine, Minnesota
Si.o. 3. That in tho examinations or sur
v"vs ol all points mentioned in the fore
going section, the Secretory of War be di
jp-cted to ascertain, as far as practicable.
amount or t< image t-f commercial bad
rniig f!sa previous at each
' " l l - e *
er with earl, other laete as bear upon
_ - ---- • •- uiKJD
cit the Cun;«iu plated impruve
an<i thirt lro cc*;i_iaiiiuoat8 tlio same,
together with ins repo-t of the examination
or survey of such point, to Congress; pro
vnied, that so union of the amount here
with appropriated for lips survey of river?
a . harbors as ?• requisite-for eofitiRgeu i
orn oiAL.
Postal Convention between the United
States of America and the Republic of
The undersigned, John A. J. Creswell,
Postmaster General of the United States of
America, in virtue of the powers vested in
him by law, and Antonio Flores, minister
of the Republic of Ecuador at Washington,
in the name of his government, aud by
virtue of the powers which he has formally
presented to this effect, have agreed upon
the following articles, to wit:
An exchange ot mails shall hereafter
fake place between the United States of
America and the Republic of Ecuador, by
the ordinary means of communication via
the Isthmus of Panama, the government of
the United States to be at the expense of
the transportation thereof between New
York and Panama, Ban Francisco asd
Panama, so long as direct service by
United States steamers, including the
Isthmus transit, is maintained under exist
ing conditions; and the government of
Ecuador to be at the expense of the traus
portien thereof between Panama and
Ecuador so long as the present or other
similar arrangement for the ocean mail ser
vice between Panama and Ecuador is eon
tin ued. The correspondence so exchanged
shall comprise;
1. Letters and manuscripts anbjeetby the
laws of either country to letter rate of post
2. Newspapers and prints of all kinds,
in sheets, in pamphlets, and in books, sheets
of music, engravings, lithographs, photo
graphs, drawings, maps and plans, and such
correspondence may be exchanged, whether
originating in either ot said countries and
destined for the other, or originating in or
destined for foreign countries to which they
may respectively serve as intermediaries.
New York and Ban Francisco shall be
the offices of exchange on the side of the
United States, and Guayaquil and Manta
shall be the offices of exchange on the side
of Ecuador, for all mails transmitted be
tween the two countries under this arrange
ment; and all mail matter transmitted in
oitker direction between the respective of
fices of exekange shall be forwarded in
closed bags or pouches, under seal, ad
dressed to the corresponding exchange of
fice, and the mails so dispatched from
either country to the other shall be for
warded to the United States consul and
resident mail agent at Panama, who is here
by designated as the agent of the two gov
ernments for receiving the bags or pouches
at that port from either direction, and for
dispatching the same to their respective ui
timate destinations.
The two Post Departments may, at any
time, discontinue either of said offices of ex
change or establish others.
The standard weight for the single rate
of postage and rule of progression shall be:
1. For letters, or manuscripts subject by
law to letter rate of postage, one-halt
ounce (avoirdupois).
2. For all other correspondence men
tioned in the second paragraph of tho first
article, that, which each country shall adopt
for the mails which it dispatches to the
other, adapted to the convenience and hab
its of its interior administration; but each
country shall give notice to the other of the
standard weight it adopts, aud of any sub
sequent change thereof. Tho weight stated
by the dispatching exchange office shall
always be accepted, except in eases of
manifest error.
No accounts shall be kept between the
Postotiioe Departments of the two countries
on the international correspondence, writ
ten or printed, exchanged between them;
but each country shall levy, collect ami re
tain to its own use the following postal
charges, viz:
1. The postage to be charged-and col
lected in the United States on each letter,
or manuscript, subject to letter postage,
mailed in the United States, aud addressed
to any place in the Republic ot Ecuador,
shall be twenty cents, United States
ourrenoy, per each weight of half an ounce
or fraction of half an ounce; and the post
age to be charged and co'leoted in Ecuador
on each letter, or manuscript subject to let
ter postage, mailed in Ecuador and ad
dressed to any place in the United States of
America, shall be two reals, or the fifth
part of a dollar (hard), Ecuador currency,
the same to be in each case in full of all
charges whatever to the place of destination
in either country. Either country, however,
is at liberty to reduce this charge, but not
to increase it without the previous assent of
the other.
2. On all other correspondence mentioned
-n the second paragraph of the first article
the Post Departments of the United States
and Ecuador may respectively levy, collect,
and retain to their separate and exclusive
use such rates oi postage adapted to their
interior administration and to the cost of
sea transportation as they shall deem ad
visable. But each office shall give notice to
the other of the rates it adopts, and oi any
subsequent change thereof.
Newspapers and other correspondence of
the class referred to in tho preceding para
graph shall he sent in narrow bands or
covers, open at the sides or ends, so that
that they may be easily examined ; and
packages of such correspondence shall be
subject to the laws and regulations of each
country in regard to their liability to pay
customs duty, if containing dutiable goods,
or to be rated with letter postage when
containing written matter, or for any other
cause specified in said laws and regulations.
Letters, and other communications in
manuscript, which, from any cause, can not
be delivered to their address, after the ex
piration of a proper period to eff ect their de
livery, shall be reciprocally returned every
month, unopened and without charge, to
the Postoffice Department of the dispatch
ing country; but newspapers, and all other
articles ot printed matter, shall nat be re
turned, but i e in .Uu at the disposal oi' the
receiving office.
Letters erroneously transmitted, or
wrongly addressed, slial! be promptly re
turned to the dispatching office without
article vr.
The Post Department of the United
States shall establish, in conformity with
the arrangements in force at the time, the
conditions upon which the Post Depart
ment of Ecuador may exchange, in open
mails, the correspondence originating in
Ecuador and destined for countries to which
the United States may serve as an interme
diary; but such correspondence shall only
be charged with she international postage
established by this convention, augmented
by the postage rates in force betw een the
United States and the country of destina
tion, and any other tax for exterior service.
The Post Department of the United States
shall furnish the Post Department of Ecua
dor with a list stating the foreign countries
to which the foreign postage and the
amounts thereof must be absolutely pre
paid, or can he left unpaid, and shall'mcdi
fy such list from time to time, as the exi
gencies of its foreign postal service may re
In conformity to the requirements of the
preceding paragraph, a table marked A is
hereunto annexed, enumerating the esnn
trics with which, and specifying the terms
and conditions on which, Ecuador may ex
change correspondence by wav of the
United States.
Correspondence of this class must be ac
companied by a letter bill from tho dis
patching exchange office of Ecuador, speci
fying the amount due thereon to the United
States, and the receiving exchange office of
the United States shall return by next post
to such dispatching exchange office an ac
knowledgment of receipt and verification
thereof, which letter-bills and aoknovi
edgments of receipt shall be iu contorrnity
to the models B and C, hereunto annexed,
and shall serve as vouchers in the settle
ment of the accounts.
The accounts to be kept between the tw
Post Departments upon this class of cor
respondent'*! shall he stated qtt&rterly
trausmitted and verified M speedily as
practicable: and the amounts found due
ebifti be paid pr ninth- to the United States
offic". under such r. gillations m the respect
ive Post Department# may from lime to
time prescribe. Such quarterly statement
eh*il be prepared by the United State*
office, and shall' fallow tiiq to;ui D, here
onto annexed.
ARTifcti* m.
Litter* erigaizriDg m :«r*iga •t-aatei-.*
and addressed to the United States or
Ecuador, respectively, on which the foreign
and international postal charges are fully
prepaid, shall, when forwarded in the mails
of either country to the other, be delivered
in the country of destination free of charge
The official correspondence between the
two governments, that of eaok government
with its legation near the other, and of
each legation with its govornnn nt, shall be
conveyed to its destination free of postage
and with all the precautions which the two
governments may find necessary for its in
violability and security.
articlk rx.
When in one of the two countries there
is no legation of the other, the franking
privilege of the vacant legation shall he
traEsiVrred, iu the terms stipulated iu the
preceding article, to the respective consul
ate or vice consulate at New York or Guay
Neither Post Department shall be re
quired to deliver any article received in the
mails the circulation of whioh shall be pro
hibited by the laws in force in the country
ot destination; and any article subject by
the laws of either Country to customs duty
or to confiscation shall, when received in
the mails from the other, be treated in ac
cordance witn the laws of the receivin'
The two Post Departments may, by mu
tual agreement, provide for tho transmis
sion of registered articles in the mails ex
ohauged between the two countries.
The register fee of each article shall be
ten cents iu the United States aud ono
real in Ecuador.
Tlio two Post Departments shall settle,
by agreement betweeu them, all measures
ol detail and arrangement required to carry
this convention into execution and may
modify the same in like manner, from time
to time, as the exigencies of the service may
require. Articles may also, by mutual con
sent, be amended, added, or suppressed,
according to the requirements of the ser
vice, without rescinding or otherwise alter
ing or impairing any other of the articles of
this convention.
This convention shall take effect from the
date of tho exchange of ratifications, and
shall continue in force until annulled by
mutual consent, or until one year from the
date of notice given by one of tbe two de
partments to the other of its desire to ter
minate the same.
articlk xrv.
Dono in duplicate, at the eit.v of Wash
ington, this ninth day of May, in the year
of our Lord ono thousand eight hundred
and seventy-one.
Postmaster General of tbe United State*.
I hereby approve the aforegoing conven
tion, and in testimony tbereot I have
caused the seal of the United States to be
By the President:
ILamiltos Fish,
Secretary of State.
Washington, May 9, 1871.
Convention between the United States and
the German Empire respecting Consuls
and trade marks, signed December 11,
1871; exchanged April 29,1872; proclaimed
June 1, 1872.
Whereas, A convention between
the United States of America and
the German Empire, relating to the
rights, privileges, immunities and
duties ot Consuls, and to the pro
tection of trade-marks, was signed at Ber
lin on tho eleventh day of December, ia
the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and seventy-one, by their respec
tive plenipotentiaries;
And whereas a protocol thereto was signed
by the said plenipotentiaries on the twenty
moth day ot April last; which convention
aud protocol, ia the English and German
'anguages are, word for were], as follows:
The President of the United States of
America, and his majesty tho Emperor of
Germany, King of Prussia, in the name of
German Empire, led by the wisli to de
fine tho lights, privilege*, immunities ami
duties of the respective consular agents,
have agreed npcm the conclusion ol' a con
sular convention, and for that purpose have
appointed their plenipotentiaries, namely:
Ihe President o! tho United States of
America, G--orge Bancroft, Envoy Extra
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from
the said States, near his majesty the Empe
ror of Gorman v: his majesty the Emperor
ror ot Gormany; his majesty the Emperor
ol Germany. King of Prussia, Bernard
Konig, his Privy Councilor of Legation,
who have agreed to and signed the foliow
• Each of the contracting parties agrees to
receive from tqe other Consuls General, Con
suls, Vice Consuls and Consular Agente.ia all
its ports, cities end places, except those
where it may not be convenient to recognize
such officers. This reservation, howeter,
shall not apply to one'of the contracting
parties without also applying to every other
The Consuls General, Consul*. Vie* Con
suls, or Consular Agents shall be reoiprooally
received and recognized, on the presenta
tion of their commissions, in the forms
established in their respective countries.
The necessary exequatur for the exercise of
their functions shall be furnished to them
free of charge, and, on the exhibition of
this instrument, they shall be admitted at
once, and without difficulty, by the territo
rial authorities, federal, State or commnnal,
judicial or executive, of the ports, oitiee.
and places of their residence and district,
to the enjoyment of the prerogatives re
ciprocally granted. The government that
furnishes the exequatur reserves the right
to withdraw the same on a statement of tho
reasons for whioh it has thought proper to
do so.
The respective Consuls General, Consuls,
Vice-Consuls, or Consular Agents, as well
as their chancellors and secretaries, shall
enjoy in the two countries all privileges,
exemptions and immunities which have
been grunted, or may iu future be
granted, to tho agents of the same
rank of the most favored nation. Consular
officers, not being citizens of the country
where they are accredited, shall enjoy, in
the country of their residence, personal
immunity from arrest or imprisonment, ex
cept in the case of •limes, exemption from
military bilietings aud contributions, from
military service ei every sort, and other
public duties, and from'all direct or per
sonal or sumptuary taxes, duties and con
tributions, whether Federal, State, or mu
nicipal. If, however, the said consular offi
ce! s are or become owners of property in
the country iu which they reside, or engage
in commerce, they shall be subject to^tae
same taxes and imposts, and to the entno
jurisdiction, as citizens of tho country,
property-holders, or merchants. But under
no circumstances shall their official income
be subject to any tax. Consular officers
who engage in commerce shall not plead
their consular privileges to avoid their
commercial liabilities. Consular officers of
either character shrill not in any event bo
interfered with in the exercise of their offi
cial functions, further than is indispensable
for the administration of the laws of the
Consuls General, Con >uls, Vice Consuls
and Consular Ag* nr« may place over the
outer door of their offices or of their dwell
ings tho arms of their nation, with the
proper inscription indicative of the office.
And they may also hoist 'the flag of their
country on tbeir consular edifice, except
in place wwhere a legation of their country
is ^established. _ J
i ■ iv also hoist -thi ;■ flag on
■V ! employed by them hi port fbi
the eisoaarge of their duty.
. consular archives shall *r r.t e! 1
ttme-s iiiviol-i.i ■, and uuder no pretence
whatever shall tha local authorities be el
lowed to examine or seize the papers form
ing part of-them. When, however, a con
sulai officer is engaged in other basincus,
tne papers relating to the oonsuiato shall
be kept m a separate enclosure.
The offices and dwellings of Confute*
missi who are not citizens of the country of
ikeur r*|ideac9*iw& kv 8$aU Uses siviola
ble. The local authorities shall not, except
in the case of the pursuit for crimes, under
any pretext invade them. In no ease shall
they examine or seize tho papers there de
posited. In no event shall those offices or
dwellings be used as places of asylum.
article vi.
In the event of the death, prevention, or
absence of Consuls General, Consuls, Vice
Consuls, Consular Agents, tbeir chancellors
or secretaries, whose official character may
have previously been made known to the
respective authorities iu Germany or in the
United States, may temporarily exercise
their functions, aud, while thus acting, they
shall enjoy all the rights, prerogatives, and
immunities granted by this convention to
the incumbents.
Consuls General and Consuls may, with
the approbation of their respective govern
Agents in the cities, ports and places within
tht-ir consular jurisdiction. These officers
may be citizens of Germany, of the United
States, or any other country. They shall be
furnished with a commission by the Consul
who appoints them and under whoso orders
they are to act, or by the government of
the country which he represents. They
shall enjoy the privileges stipulated for
consular officer? in this convention, subject
to the exceptions specified in article three.
Consuls General, Consuls, Vice Consuls
and Consular Agents shall have tlieright to
appiy to the authorities of the respective
countries, whether federal or local, judicial
or executive, within the extent of their con
sular district, for the redress of any infrac
tion of the treaties and conventions exist
ing between the two coua rics, or of inter
national Jaw; to ask information of said
authorities, and to address said authorities
to the emi of protecting the rights and in
terests of their countrymen, especially in
eases of tho absence of the latter; in which
cases suoh consuls, etc., shall be presumed
to be their legal representatives. If due
notice should not be taken of such applica
tion, the consular officers aforesaid, in the
absence of a diplomatic agent of their
country, may apply directly to the govern
ment of the country where they reside.
Consuls Genera], Consuls, Vice) Consuls
or Consular Agents of the two countries, or
their chancellors, shall have the right, eon
formably to tho laws and regulations of
their country— •
1. To take at their office or dwelling, at
tbe residence of the parties, or on board of
vessels of their own nation, the depositions
of the captains and crews, of passengers on
board ot them, of merchants, or of any
other citizens of their own country.
2. To receive and verify unilateral note,
wills and bequests of their countrymen,
and any and all acts of agre ement entered
upon between citizens of their own country
and between such citizens and the citizens or
other inhabitants of the country where thev
reside; and also all eontraets'between the
latter, provided they relate to property sit
uated or to business to be transacted in the
territory of the nation by which the said
consular officers are appointed.
All such acts of agreement and other in
struments, and also copies and translations
thereof, when duly authenticated by such
Consul General, Consul, Vice Consul or Con
sular Agent, under his official seal, shall be
received by public officials and in courts of
justice as legal documents, or as authenti
cated copies, as the ease may be, and shall
have the same force and effect as if drawn
up or authenticated by competent public
officers of one or the other of the two
In cns§ of the death of any citizen of
Germany in the United States, or of anv
citizen of the United States in the German
Empire, without having in the country of
his decease any known heirs or testament
ary executors by him appointed, the com
petent local authorities shall at once in
form the nearest consular officer of the
nation to which the deceased belongs of'the
oiroumstance, in order that the nece-asary
information may be immediately forwarded
to parties interested.
The said consular officer shall have the
right to appear personally or by delegate
in all proceedings on behalf of the absent
heirs or creditors uni,! they are duly repre
In all successions to inheritances citizens
of each of tho contracting parties shall pay
in the country of the other such duties only
as they would be liable to pay if they were
citizens of the country in which the proper
ty is situated or the judicial administration
of the same may be exercised.
Consuls General, Consuls, Vice Consuls
and Consular Agents of the two countries
are exclusively charged with the inventory
ing and the safe-keeping of goods and ef
fects of every kind left by sailors or pas
sengers on ships of their nation, who die
either on board ship or on land, during the
voyage or in the port of destination.
Consul* General, Consuls, Vice Consuls
and Consular Agents shall be at liberty to
go either in person or bv proxy on board
vessels of their nation admitted to entry
and to examine the officers and crews, to
examine the ships' papers, to receive de
clarations concerning ibeir voyage, tbeir
destination and the incidents of the voyage
, also to draw up manifests and lists of
freight, to facilitate the entry and
clearance of their vessels, and finally
to accompany the said officers or crows be
fore the judicial or adminirtrative authori
ties of the country, to assist them as their
interpreters or agents.
The judicial authorities and customhouse
officials shall in no case proceed to the ex
amination or search of merchant vessels
without having given previous notice to the
consular officers of the nation to which the
said Vessels belong, in order to enubte the
8a >d consular officers to he predent.
They shall also give due notice to the
said consular officers in order to enable
them to be present at any depositions or
statements to he made in courts of law or
belore local magistrates, by officers or per
sons belonging to the crew, thus to prevent
errors or false interpretations which might
impede the correct administration of justice.
Ihe notice to Consuls, Vico Consuls, or
Consular Agents, shall name the hour fixed
for such proceedings. Upon the non appear
a 2 if*e oi the said oGicorf* or thoir ic prcKcnla
lives, the ease may be proceeded with'in
their absence.
Consuls General, Consuls, Vice Consuls
or Consular Agents shall have exclusive
charge of tho internal order of tho m Pr
oliant vessels of their nation, and shall
have the exclusive power to take cognizance
of mnd to determine differences of every
Kind which may arise, either at sea or iu
port, between tho captains, officers and
crews, and specially in reference to wages
and the execution of mutual contract*
re either any court or authorit y shall, on any
pretext, interfere in those differences ex
empt in cases where the differences on board
snip are of a nature to disturb the peace
and public order in port, or on shore or
when persons other than tho offiuera and
crew ol the vessel a:o parties to the dis
Except as aforesaid, the local authorities
shaft confine themselves to the rendering of
efficient uid to the Consuls, when they mav
ask it in order to arrest and hold all pore
sons whoso names are borne on the ship's
articles, and whom they may deem it neces
sary to detain. Those persons shall be ar
rested at the sole requestor tbe Consuls, ad
dressed in writing to tha local authorities
aud supported by an official extract from
tne register of the ship or the list of the
time'er 1 ,? 1 " ' 00 h - eld durin « the whole
time of their star in port, at the dis
posal of the Consuls. Their release shall
be granted only at the request of the
Consuls, made in writing.
I he expei;*.' s of tho arrest and detentioiw
of those persons »hali be paid by the iron*
CoWre S A Qe2 ? aI ' Con8ulR ' V *e Consuls or
Umsmar Agents may arrest the officers,
e -oors and all other persons making part
6aipa uf ' Wttr or merchant
vi .-h Is ot tueir nation, who may be znifty
3w- nd°vc ?ed ' °/ «iid
snips o.nd vessere, for the pnrposeof send
mg them on board or back to their countrv
lo that end, the Consuls of Germany in
Serai State ^ to ^
toueraJ, btate or municipal court# or »u
thonties; and the Consuls of the United
•teles i* Gexnsany shall apjdgr e j^
competent authorities, and make a retjne**
in writing fur the deserters, supporting ft
by an official extract ot the register of tbe
vessel and the list of the crew, or by other
official documents, to show that tho men
whom they claim belong to said crow. Upon
sneh request alone thus supported, and
without the exaction of any oath from the
Consuls, the deserters (not iioing citizens of
the country where the demand is made
either at the time of their shipping or ot
their arrival in the port) shall be given ap
to the Consuls. All aid aud protection
shall be furnished them for the pursuit,
seizure and arrest of the deserters, wk®
shall be taken to the prisons of the country
and there detaiued, at tbe request and at
the expense of the Consuls, until the saiu
Consuls my find an opportunity of sending
them away.
If however, such opportunity should nofo
present itself within the space of three
months, counting from the day of the are
rest, the deserters shall be set at liberty,
and shall not again be arrested for the same
In the absence of an agreement to the
contrary between the owners, freighters
and insurers, all damages suffered at sea by
tbe vessels oi tho two countries, whether
they enter port voluntarily or are forced by
stress of weather, shall be settled by the
Consuls General, Consuls, Vice Consuls aud
Consular Agents of the respective cou"itries,
If, however, any inhabitant of the country,
or citizen or subject of a third power, shall
be interested in the matter, and the parties
can not agree, the competent local authori
ties shall decide.
In the event of a vessel belonging to the
Government, or owned by a citizen of one
of the two contracting parties being wreek
ed, or oust on shore, on the coast of tha
other, the local authorities shall inform the
Consul General, Consul, Vioe Consul, or
Consular Agent of the district of the occur
fence, or if there be no such consular
agency, they shall inform the Consul Gen
era!, Consul, Vice Consul, or Consular
Agent of the nearest district.
All proceedings relative to the salva^s
of American vessels wrecked or cast on
shore in the territorial waters of the Ger
man Empire shall take place in accordance
with the laws of Germany; and, recipro
cally, all measures of salvage redative to
German vessels wrecked or cast on shore in
the territorial waters of the United States
shall take place in accordance with the
laws of tho United States.
The consular authorities have in both
countries to intervene only to superintend
the proceedings having reference to the re
pair and revictnaling, or, if necessary, t®
the salo of the vessel wi-eeked or cast mx «
For the intervention of the local autho» ;
ities no charges shall be made except sack i
as in similar cases are paid by vessels of j
the nation.
• In case of a doubt concerning the nation |
ality of a shipwrecked vessel, the loca?
authorities shall have exclusively the direc
tion of the proceedings provided for in thtei ,
article. §
All merchandise and goods not destined
for consumption in the country where the
wreck takes place shall be free of ail duties.
With regard to the marks or labels et
goods, or ol' their packages, and also with
regard to patterns and marks of manufac
ture and trade, the citizens of Germany
shall enjoy in the, United States of America,
and American eitizens shall enjoy in Gere
many, the same protection as native citi
"RT7CLB xvm.
The present convention shall remain in
force tor the space of ten years counting
from the day of the exchange of the rot it
cations, which shall be exchanged at Ber
lin within the period of six months.
In case neither party gives notice, twelve
months before the expiration of the said
period of ten years, of its intention not to
renew this convention, it shall remain in
force one year longer, and so on, from year
to year, until the expiratiou of a year from
the day on which one of the parties f haPI
have given such notice.
In faith whereof the plenipotentiaries
have signed and sealed this convention.
Berlin, the eleventh ot December, 1871.
The undersigned met this dav in order t»
effect the exchange of the ratifications of
the Consular Convention, signed on the
eleventh day of December, 1871, between
the United States of America and Ger
Before^ proceeding to this act, the under
signed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary of the United States of
America declared—
1. That in accordance with the instruc
tion given him by his government, with the
advice and consent of the Senate, the ex
pression "property," used in the English
text of articles throe and nine, is to be con
strued os meaning and intending real
2. That, aeeording to the laws and Iba
constitution of the United States, article
ten applies not only to persona of the mate
sex but also to persons of the female sex.
After the undersigned, President of tha
office of the Chanoellor of the Empire, had
expressed his concurrence with this dee lor
ation, the acts of ratification, found to be, in
good and due form, were exchanged, and
the present protocol wag in dnpHcasns
Berlin, the twenty-ninth of April, 1872.
And whereas the said convention hae
been duly ratified on both parts, and the
respective ratifications of the same were
exchange at Berlin on tho twenty-ninth
day of April last—
Now, therefore, be it known that ?,
Ulysses 8. Grant, President of the United
states of America, have caused tbe said
convention and protocol to be made publio,
to the end that the same, and every clausa
and part thereof, may be observed and ful
filled with good faith by the United States,
and the citizens thereof.
In witness whereof 1 have hereunto set
my band, and caused the seal of the United
biate8 to btt affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this first
day of June, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and seventy-two,,
and ot the independence of the United
States ol Ameriea the ninety sixth.
„ .. ,, U. 8. ORA NT.
*>v the President:
Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State.
Convention between the United States of I
Ameriea and the Austro-Hungarian Mon f
? rc * J Y- Naturalization. Signed Sep tern ,
her 20, 1870; ratified March 24, 1«7I; rati
filiations exchanged July H l&i- prt) .
claimed August 1, 1871, ' (
Whereas, A convention between tha
United States of America and his Majesty
tbe Emperor ot Austria, King of Bohemia
etc., and Apostolio King of llungaiy, con
cerning naturalization, was concluded and
signed at Vienna by their respective pleni
potentiaries on the twentieth day of Hop,
tetuber, 1870 , which .convention, being in
roe English and German languages, is word
for word us luliows:
The President of tho United States of
America and his Majesty the Emperor of
A nat no, King of Bohemia, etc, and
Apostolic King of Hungary, led by the
wi-di to regulate the citizenship of those
persons who emigrate from the United
.■states of America to the territories ol tbo
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, and from tire
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy to the United
States of America, have resolved to treat
on this subject, and have for that pnrjtes*
appointed plenipotentiaries to conclude »
convention, that is to say: The President
of the United States of America, John Jay,
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni
potentiary from the United States to his
imperial and royal Apostolio Majesty; and
his Majesty the Emperor of Austria, etc.,
Apostolio King of Ilnugaiy, tbe Count
F rederick Ferdinand de Beast, his Majesty'*
J rivy Counselor and Chamberlain, Chan
eellorof tbe Empire, Minister ot the Inipe
rial House and of Foreign Affairs. Grand
Cross of the Orders of St. Stephen and Iren
poid, who have agreed to and signed tfe*
following articles:
Citizens of the Austro-Hungarian
areby who have resided in the United StaK*
of America uninterruptedly at least St*
years, and during such residence have 1^
eeiae nattaaiised eteU#M of tffio

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