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The Republican courier. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1899-1900, January 27, 1900, Image 1

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•OL. I -NO 3.
fe ,-Jal Correspondence.] .
JTERESTITO sketch
t j e Civilized Condition of
[he Fliillippinos.
orres pon<l<-nt Writes Inter
eslingly.
. ,v Republican Courier.
r.aed if ftm 1351 "
EVAN'^ 1 ICAt WORK.
v evangelization, therefore, of
Ph.lii.pt’ies was not the work
‘ European Spanish friars,
tin* native monks and
' iVP regular clergy, so loyal
always on the side of
} law and the legitimately
Stated authorities. The rise
he natives to the Roman Cath
‘‘.riestliood was the seal of the
I allegiance of Spain and the
'l,'pines, and a conclusive proof
p'e impotence and civilized
(iition of the Philippines from
[time.
Xfißl- RELIGIOUS orders.
i!er O || } the Brothers of St.
‘ ( .pnt de Paul, the Capuchins
| ( ]jP Benedictines likewise went
hr Philippines, but did not take
iPtive part in the conversion of
~l e] s therein. The Capuchins,
headquarters are
Manila, called themselves Mis-
M ries f«»r the Caroline Group,
ibave directed all their efforts
averse and undo the praise
rtliV results of the mission
ntb the American Board of For-
founded there since
jp, and these relentless Spanish
m succeeded in obtaining in
nilntthc venerable Mr. Doane,
urrieati citizen and head of the
s-ian,should be impi isoued, sent
Manila and never permitted
ainto return to Pon ape, under
ml false pretences. These
tuts are known at Washington
the "Caroline Island Incident”
lien refers to the payment of an
ienmity by Spain to the said
pencan Board, upon a demand
kii the United States govern
kt.
IV.
THEIR INSTRUCTION.
FIRST COLLEGE.
Such was the intelligence,
foulness and advancement of
ePhilippinos from the arrival of
e Spaniards, that the Jesuits
ordered it advisable to open in
sila in 1582 a college for the
nation of the natives.
ST. JOSEPH.
A highly respected and generous
aniurd named Guerrero endowed
•College and University of St.
*rph, which he entrusted to the
ire and tuition of the order of St.
totius in 1601.
ST. THOMAS.
The first bishop of Manila, the
Rever nd Domingo Salazar,
Readied his property for the
uf a college in Manila,
* the tuition of boys ; and the
the Most Rever
dMiguelde Benavides, founded
s 'iendowed the University of San
Manila in 1608 for the
education of the young of
Nauds, without distinction of
neg.
BT. Ji’AN DE LET RAN.
of San Juan de Le
-1,111 u 'ns aiso established and en
*Ntor the secondary ami high
-I'- 1 icatioii of the natives in 1620.
SEMINARIES.
beach of the five dioceses the
11 v founded their respective
, 3 ‘ mips, to which outsiders weie
l" t ' l. tnd where regularcourses
uy education and divinity
given.
Monastery classes.
innnasteiies already men-
J 1 certain number of young
H ''ie admitted, who, for the
1 studying, consented to be
, i ar ' es a, ‘d servants of the
j,.'' ll;| ing the term of their ed-
M ’ as likewise those who be
•',ic ‘ ! 'istans and choristers.
MVSIC AND SINGING.
“f Pagsanjan a
Lii ' l llllls ' l ‘ and singing, and a
E' n °pean musical in-
Y 11,s >'vereesialdished in 1592.
1 in next week's Courier.J
J j ’ ,1 ‘ ! 'iaua Conference of the
Ri's ’ 8 bi session at Wi
*va<t cor ner First and
N 'Sheets. Bishop Isaac W.
18 presiding.
THE REPUBLICAN COURIER.
ODD FELLOWS’ NOTES.
The following appeared in City
and State of January 18, published
in the city of Philadelphia. The
many members of the fraternity in
Louisiana will, no doubt, be pleased
to Lear of Bro. Asbury’s candidacy
for magistrate of one of the courts
in Philadelphia. Bro. Asbury is
the editor of the Odd Fellows’
Journal, and should he be elected
to the office which he seeks, it
would give recognition to 60,000
negroes in America:
“AN EVEN CHANCE.”
“Mr. J. C. Asbury has been
nominated as magistrate for the
Seventh Ward by the Prohibition
ists, and we trust that the Muni
cipal League may determine to
give him a place on their ticket
also. Mr. Asbury is a colored man.
He is known to us on the best au
thority as a man of excellent char
acter and attainments in his pro
fession, which is that of the law.
Mr. Asbury has already had a
valuable experience in a public of
lice. He has served as District
Attorney in Norfolk, Virginia, to
wh'ch position he was nominated
and elected on the Republican
ticket, aided by Democratic votes.
There are several reasons why we
believe that Mr. Asbury’s nomina
tion by the Municipal League and
his election by the voters of the
Seventh Ward are desirable. We
have reason to fear that in Phila
delphia there exists a form of
prejudice against the negro race
which is decorous in form but very
injurious in its results—a prejudice
more extreme and unreasonable,
though covert, than that found in
other Northern cities. We do not
lynch negroes here. We have
never known of a case where a ne
gro criminal, or supposed criminal,
was either shot, hanged, burned,
or otherwise maltreated. But we
put various effective obstacles in
the way of his gaining a livelihood
excepting in some of the humbler
and less remunerative walks of
life.
The evil deeds of negro crimi
nals we are apt to lay mentally on
the shoulders of the negro race in
a way that we do not follow in
thinking of white criminals. This
is a grave injustice to an undoubt
edly respectable minority of the
colored citizens of Philadelphia,
and it is one which they feel very
keenly. We would feel it also were
we in their place. We are credibly
informed of one instance where an
educated and well-equipped young
professional man, who came of ex
celleut parentage, was refused em
ployment for which he was well
fitted solely because of his color ;
and of another case where a re
spectable colored man was refused
office room which he proposed to
tent upon objection of other ten
ants for the same reason. These
are evidences of a race prejudice
unreasonable, cruel, and hurtful to
the morals of the community. The
colored race is taight the lesson
that industry, and character with
it, cannot compete on even terms
with the same good qualities in the
white race. The colored man, in
stead of finding help in overcom
ing ihe faults of his race, —faults
partly the heritage of and
partly the outcome of an imperfect
or primitive development of morals
and mind,—has a heavier burden
placed on him at the moment when
he is least fitted to bear it than
rests on his white competitor.
The incentive to despair, to a low
or at least a most meager life, is,
therefore, almost irresistible. Ne
gro criminality in Philadelphia is
reinforced by this condition; also
corrupt politics, in its appeal to
the negro illicit service, is greatly
st rengi hened. The machine at. least
throws the negro a bone —though
it be a picked one; but the Chris
tian citizen at the political table
denies him a crumb of bread.
Were the Municipal Leage to of
fer a place on its ticket to an hon
est and competent colored man,
such as we believe Mr. Asbury to
be, it would extend a ray of hope
to our colored population, showing
its members that merit in them
would receive recognition. It
would tend to free the negro voter
from a corrupt subserviency to the
machine. Race prejudice is the
hardest of all things to overcome;
but this gives all the more reason
> why each of us set about the task.
This is not the question of social
equality, but of the opportunity to
all men to earn an honest living?
Frank Farbell.
NEW ORLEANS, SATURDAY, JAN. 27, i 9 oo.
The African Methodists Adjourn.
The African Methodists, who
have been in session at St. James
Church since last week, closed their
annual session last Tuesday. The
conference was well attended
throughout, and unusual interest
was manifested. The last day is
generally given over to appoint
ments and Bishop Handy, who has
presided with such dignity and
ability, read the list of appoint
ments for the ensuing year. The
sessions were characterized by
great harmony, and adds another
chapter of pleasant reminiscences
ot African Methodism in our city.
Resolutions were passed thanking
Gov. Longino, of Mississippi, for
the expressions against lynching
contained in his inaugural address.
The following are the appoint
ments:
Greensburg district, J. D.
Haynes, presiding elder; Greens
burg. Prince King; Tangipahoa, J.
B Bell; Clear Creek, A. S. Lan; ;
Amite City, David Ardd; Osyka, 1.
H. Hunter; Ruddock, F. J. Pen
nington; Rocky Hill, Frank Ca
pers; Crystal Springs, H. Brown;
Kentwood, P. H. Brown; Mount
Everett, A. W. Wheeler; Livings
ton, O. McGhee; Black Creek, P.
J. Rogers; Cdnton, S. Garden:
Johnson, C. Gordon; Natalbany,
W. E. Hall; Hammond, C. E.
Brooks.
New Orleans district, A. M.
Green, presiding elder; St, James,
New Orleans, L. H. Reynolds;
Union Bethel, New Orleans, T. A.
Wilson; St. Peter’s, New Orleans,
J. W. Willard; Morris Brown, New
Orleans, John Baptiste; Einbry
Mission, New Orleans, H. Will
iams; Slidell, W. S. Sanderson;
Covington, L. C. Carter; Suddsville,
W. S. Coffee; Madisonville, H. W.
Cheeks; St. John’s. Algiers, F. A.
Rylander.
Baton Rouge district, J. H. Har
per, presiding elder; Baton Rouge,
J. H. Steptean; Angola, W. W.
Hunter; White’s Chapel, J. W.
Washington; Harper’s Temple, A.
Rogers; Brusle Lauding, David
Fields; White Castle, J. D. Miles;
Bell Grove, J. W. Gordon; Donald
sonville, A. Singleton; Plaquemine,
W. James; Friendship, J. H. 0.
Mean; Bagley Mission, I. C. Kelley;
Bayou Sara, T. G. White; Jackson,
F. L. Logan; Slaughter, Sim Wil
liams.
Thibodaux district, A. J. Le-
Boeuf, presiding elder; Thibodaux,
A. H. Mitchell; Lee, D. Burrell;
Oakville, Frank Scott; Mount
Oram, W. W. Sheridan; Franklin,
S. J. Channell; Brusle Geriot, A.
T. Haywood; Bayou Boeuf, W. A.
Easton; Morgan City, A. Coleman;
Patterson, G. B. Billups; Center
ville, G. B. Brown; Napoleonville,
F. Janies; St. Joseph, S. A. John
son; Baldwin, D. B. Brown; Jean
nerette, L. H. Holmes; Moss Point,
C. Morrison. New Iberia, Thomas
Pye.
Mr. Cohen Surprised.
A very pleasant and agreeable
surprise was tendered Mr. W. L.
Cohen, Registrar of the U. S. Land
office, at his residence, Bienville,
near Prieur street, last Monday
night, in honor of his 40th birth
day. The affair was rather an im
promptu one, those participating
b»*ing a few, the select friends of
Mr. and Mrs. Cohen. The party
proceeded to the residence of Mr.
and Mrs. Cohen, who were really
surprised, as the intention of the
participants was kept profoundly
secret. Soon, however, they were
made welcome, and a merry time
was enjoyed. Tables groaned un
der the load of luxurious dainties
which the guests had provided,
and were enjoyed by all. Many
were the expressions of delight at
Mr. Cohen’s success, and the wish
that he might long live to enjoy the
success be has so nobly attained
was responded to by every one
present. Some presents were also
donated to commemorate the aus
picious occasion. It was quite late
when the merry crowd, obout to de
part, wished Mr. Coben many re
turns of his natal day and depart
ed for their homes. Mr. Cohen, by
his genial disposition and sterling
character, has endeared himself to
all who know him, and his host of
friends throughout the city join in
the sentiments expressed by his
many surprisers.
Messrs. Edward Andre and Rev.
Levi Leech, both prominent in the
parish of St. Bernard, and friends
of the Administration, were in the
city a few days ago and callee
upon Mr. E. L. St. Ceran, at the
Custom House.
SENIOR BEIIERY
Gives His Views on the Race
Question.
Discusses the Southern Negro
Before the Senate.
During a recent speech before
the United States Senate, Senator
McEnery discussed the Southern
race question as follows:
‘Mr. President, the solution of
the race question in the United
States i < one of the most serious
problems that ever confronted a
nation. It is confined to no local
ity. Every state is affected by it.
The social, political and industrial
welfare of the south have influ
encees on other sections of the
country. We are but on the thres
hold. No man can predict what is
beyond. So far the best intellects
of the south have endeavored to
find some remedy to make the
south prosperous, notwithstanding
the presence of a vast number of
ignorant blacks, to make her social
position clear and defined in the
separation of the races, and to
place her on a political basis that
will insure stability to her inititu
tion*; make the ballot box the sac
red depository of the liberties of
the people, instead of the charnal
house where, under negro domina
tion the people broke into fierce
energy and overthrew the negro
carpetbag domination. At its end
the state was in a pitiable condi
tion. Tax collectors had stolen
the collections they had made. The
state treasury had been looted and
the auditor’s books made way with
in order to prevent prosecution.
Levees which had been built for
$1 per square yard, when they
ought not to have cost more than
19 or 21 cents per square yard,
were found to be full of barrels in
order to give them bulk. State
credit was at the lowest ebb; war
rants on the state treasury went
begging on Carondelet street at 20
cents on the dollar, state bonds at
50 cents on the dollar. Demorali
zation and distrust were every
where.
“The opportunities of the South
are those of the nation.” Let her
alone, and her possibilities for the
future can only be conjectured.
They are limitless.
“The rapid industrial progress
of the South was impossible under
negro domination, Restore to the
negro indiscriminately the ballot
and invest him with power, and
there will not only be a check to
the progress of the South, but the
advantage gained will be lost.
‘•There can be no admixture of
the races. This is a law of nature.
They must work out their destinies
on parallel lines, which cannot
come together. The Anglo Saxon
blood and brain will always be the
superior, and cannot be subordina
ted to the negro.
“The negro, unfortunately for
the country, is here to stay. His
deportation is impossible. He has
strong local attachments which will
keep him in the South. He must
move along in his own line of de
velopment, directed, encouraged
and assisted by the Anglo-Saxon.
He will become more intelligent,
more self-sustaining, and better
aiapted for work along all lines of
industrial development. Since the
supremacy of the white people has
asserted itself the negro is becom
ing more tractable, a better labor
er, a better mechanic, and in some
instances has attained respectable
standing in the professions. These
intelligent negroes are in the elec
torate, and are helping to shape
the destiny of the State. It would
be a cruel wrong to again throw
them back into race hostility and
prejudice and to consign those who
have the opportunities for advance
ment to again possess the idea
that they are “wards of the na
tion,” better than a white man,
and are entitled to government
support, and to live in idleness and
dissipation.
“We of the south are making
! the negro’s condition better every
day. He has been treated so as to
1 destroy, to a great extent, the au
-1 tagonism engendered by carpetoag
government. He is regarded as a
factor in the south’s future de
velopment. He is not debarred
from work because he is a negro.
The fields, the workshops, the fac
tories and the professions are open
to him for his development. We
do not deny bis political rights be
cause he is a negro. We regulate
his suffrage because he is ignorant,
and at present the majority of the
negro race has no electoral ca
pacity.
u The course of civilization has
been in the supremacy of the white
race. The physical properties of
soil and climate have had less in
fluence than intellectual superior
ity. In every climate on every soil
where the white man has appear
ed. he has asserted supremacy.
The African and the oriental fall
under bis dominion, and the popu
lations are moved and controlled
as he directs. It is so to day in
India, in Africa, and is rapidly
crystalizing into a fact in the f«r
east, in China, and in the islands
of the Pacific. The conception of
this power and strength in the
white race, whose distinction is in
the separation of the races, is the
hope of civilizatijn and the en
lightment of the world. Language
and art and science and architect
ure and all inodes of culture will
bear the impress of the white
man’s supremacy. It is a universal
law. It is present here and every
where, and no act of congress can
suspend it.
“The greatness of a republic con
sists in the representation of per
sons. Political power in a repre
sentative government must be in
the organization of electoral action,
so that there may be an express
ion, a realization of personality in
the government.
“There is no basis for electoral
rights where ther« is no capacity
for electoral action.” in the im
personal mass, where there is an
absence of individuality and per
sonality and an absence of electoral
capacity, it is the duty of the state
to lift the individuals composing
the mass from an indifference to
electoral power and to educate
them for its exercise. It is the
duty of the state to develop in each
member of the community personal
power as an elector. This is what
the state of Louisiana is accom
plishing. It provides for the negro
and the ignorant emigrant schools
where they can learn the elements
of an education. The state is try
ing from among this class “the for
mation of an independent man
hood, so that he who has reached
bis majority in years is always in
bis political majority.’ When this
shall have been accomplished the
voter can exclaim: ‘I have not
gone with the multitude to do
evil.’
“It is thus also that Indians are
excluded from voting; not because
they are not taxed, but because
they are subservient to the will of
a chief, and absolutely controlled
by it, they are without freedom.
They also exist in a tribal relation,
the organization of a race which
isolates them from the organic and
moral being of the nation; but in
withdrawing from the tribal rela
tion they come upon a national
position and should be regarded as
members of the nation.”
The population in the Philip
pines, as we learn from the junior
senator from Indiana, are wanting
in personality and fall under tie
control of some superior mind, and
are not fit to be intrusted with
electoral power. And this may be
truly said of the mass of the negro
population in the South. Every
person should have representation
in the state, but this means every
actual person, one who is possessed
of sufficient intelligence to separ
ate himself from the mass and who
is invested with a personality,
showing a capacity for electoral
action.
Oui Washington Ltiitr.
Washington, D. 0., )
Jan. 23, 1900. |
Both branches of Congress have
been quite busy during the past
week, and many senators and rep
resentatives possessed of oratorical
ability have taken occasion to give
vent to their sentiments in connec
tion with the various questions
agitating the public’s mind all over
the country.
The case of Mr. Calhoun Fulker,
which has been engrossing atten
tion for several weeks, has finally
been decided in favor of the deputy
collector, the secretary of the
treasury holding that the charges
bad not been fully sustained.
When the report of Special Agent
Smith was presented sevQY&f'dayg
ago. Mr. Fiuker demanded a hear
ing, which would have been grant
ed had it not been concluded that
the circumstances didy n ot warrant
such a useless expe^(fi ture o f time
Mr. Fiuker departed V )r New Or
(In Afro-American Newspapers
1898-1901, no. 1.4. )
PRICE, FIVE CENTS
leans last Tuesday, but was reti
cent so far as particulars were con
cerned.
Senator McEnery took occasion
i during the week to air his opinion
concerning the suffrage clause in
the recently amended constitution
of the State of Louisiana. The
senator, in contradiction to already
expressed views on this same sub
ject, before the Louisiana Conven
tion had met and adopted the
present suffrage laws, seems to
haze undergone a change of senti
ment, and is now attempting to
defend what he thought he had
every reason to denounce a short
while ago. It will be remembered
by Louisianians that Senator Mc-
Enery warned this constituency’
one year ago that the adoption of
the suffrage clause into the consti
tution of Louisiana was not only
illegal, but unjust, and must result
in detriment to the State. He now,
however, defends North Carolina’s
proposed amendments; and in ex
pressing his views on the race
question in the South, declares the
Negro incapable of self-government
and compares him with the Filip
pinos, and declares neither capable
of self-government. These utter
ances seem strange on the part of
Senator McEnery, who has all
along been rather conservative in
his views as regards the benefits to
be derived from equitable govern
ment.
The report of the senate commit
tee on privileges and elections in
the case of Senator Quay was pre
sented last Tuesday. The major
ity report favoring the seating of
Senator Quay was signed by Sena
tors Caffrey, Pettus, Turley, Harris
and Burrows. The minority re
port bears the signatures of Sena
tors Hoar, Chandler, Pritchard and
McComas. The majority report
denies the right of a governor to
appoint a senator in cases wherein
the legislature fails to elect, de
claring that such appointment does
not represent the wishes of a ma
jority of the people of the state,
and declares that a senator who is
appointed by the executive is fre
quently only the personal or poli
tical favorite of the executive. The
report even goes back to the year
1794, and quotes the case of Johns
of Delaware, and concludes with
that of Corbett of Oregon, in 1898,
and declares that these cases show
“from the beginning of the govern
ment down to the present time the
senate has never recognized the
right of a state executive to make
a temporary appointment where
the vacancy happened or occurred
during a session of the legislature.
The minority take the opposite
view; and quote Sec. 3, Art. 1, says
“that the failure of the governor to
call the legislature together to elect
a senator does not deprive the gov
ernor of the right to appoint. The
minority re|«>rt, which is quite
lengthy, cites instances in support
of their opinions. This case seems
likely to engage the attention of
congress for sometime, and its set
tlement will no doubt be regarded
as a precedent for future congress
es.
The gubernatorial contest in
Kentucky is still attracting atten
tion here. It is said nearly two
weeks more are required before
any definite conclusion can be ar
rived at. Churches in Frankfort
are said to have held prayer ser
vices on last Sunday during which
fervent petitions were offered for a
speedy termination of Kentucky’s
political troubles.
The sixteenth annual report of
the Civil Service Commission was
presented to the President last
Saturday. The report is especial
ly interesting, and deals with a
number of subjects of especial in
terest. The importance of the
merit system in our new possess
ions; the need of making some dis
position of our superanuated em
ployers and other things being the
chief features. The report also
shows that there are 107,000 un
classified positions and 75,000 class
ified, and that 71,000 of these posi
tions are held by fourth class post
masters. The report also shows
that the expenditures of both class
ified and unclassified services dur
ing the war with Spain amounted
to $104,000,000 per annum.
The Missionary Baptist State
Convention is in session at the St.
Mark’s Baptist Church, Rev. Wil
liams, pastor, corner Rampart and
Toledano streets, having been call
ed to order by Rev. J. H. Fleming,
Rev. Francis J. Davidson, acting
secretary. The session will con
tinue till Sunday night.

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