Newspaper Page Text
person or persons using tho said road, at
vach and ever)' of tho suid whole toll-gates
and at each half toll-gate in proportion, such
tolls and duties, to wit: for every score of
hos or sheep, fifteen cents j for every
Kcoro of caltlo, horses and mules, forty
cents for every wogon with two horses,
muLs or oxen, twelve and a half cents; for
every additional f)or8e mute or ox, two
cents ; for every coach, pleasure wagon or
Treasure carriage, with two horses, eighteen
cents, and for every additional horso five
cents; for every chair, sulky or pleasure
carriage with one horso, twelve and a half
cents; and for every additional horse, five
cents : for evcrv cart drawn by two oxen,
nine cents ; and for every additional yoke,
four cents; for every horso or mule, rode,"
led or driven, eix cents : for every carr-
drawn by one horse, six cents; for all
leigh8 or sleds drawn by ono or moro hor.
es, mules or oxen, half the toll for vehicles
ion wheels ; for every horse or mule und
rider, six cents. And it shall and may be
lawful for any toll-gatherer to stop and de.
tain any person riding, leading! or driving
Any horses, cattle, or sheep, or other article
above named in this section as subject to
pay toll, until tho same is paid : Provided,
Jtfneever, That nothing in this act shall bo
construed to entitle the said corporation to
Jtmand or receive toll at any gate, of or
from ttny person passing to or from any
public worship on Sundays, or going to or
returning from funerals, or going to or from
a grist mill for tho grinding of grain for the
family use, or from any ti oons in the service
of this Slate or tho United States, or for
tho transportation of any or all the prop.
- erty belonging io'the United State or tli
State. - ;" ' ' ' "
Sec. 7. Tho said corporation shall cause
mile-stones or posts to be erected or main.
tnincd, one for every mile of said road, from
. Detroit north towards Hamilton's ; and on
each stone or post bUaII be legibly marked
or inserted the distance tho said post is from
Detroit ; and shall also erect and maintain
guido boards at tho intersection of all pub.
lie roads leading into or intersecting said
turnpike, on which shall bo inscribed the
name of tho place to which such road leads;
and if any body shall wilfully cut, injure, or
destroy said mile-posts, guide-boards, or
eaid road itself, or shall forcibly pass the
gales without paying toll, such person or
persons shall forfeit and pay for every such
ofience twenty five dollars, to bo recovered
by tho said corporation in their corporate
name, and for their benefit in action of
,debt, beforo any justice of tho peace in tho
county where said ofienco is committed,
' UfksM ia nfTVriftfF inn v ho funnft-
oec. o. ina. 11 any ion gauicrer biian
unreasonably detain or hinder any traveller
or passenger at either of the said gates, or
- mi n ji t .11
nuall demand or receive more ton man by
this act is established, he shall for every
srch offenco forfeit and pay twenty five
dollars to bo recovered by the person so
unreasonably detained, for his own uso with
costs of suit, before any justice of the peace
ii said county where such detention ocCurr.
cd : Provided, That if no goods and chat
lels can bo found to satisfy such judgement
and cost, then and in that case tho personal
property of said company shall be liable to
; tho execution issued on said judgement and
tho samo may bo taken on such execution
in tho same manner as if said execution
1as against said company in its corporate
Sec. 9. Tho shares of said turnpike
hall bo deemed and considered as person
al estate, and shaM be transferable in such
manner as the president and directors may
Sec. 10. Whenever complaint shall be
made to eiihcr of the three commissioners
appointed in pursuance of tho provisions of
this act, that any part or parts thereof is out
of repair, it shall be the duty of such com.
missioner to give notico to the other two
commissioners who shall proceed to exam
ino such part of 6aid road and view the
same, and if the same shall in tho opinion
of such commissioners bo out of repair, then
tho said commissioners shall give notice in
writing of such defect to the toll-gatherer
or person attending tho gate nearest tho
placo so out of repair, and may also, in
their discretion, in tho said notice, order
uch gate or gates to be thrown open, and
tho said gate or gates so ordered to be
thrown open, shall immediately nflcr scr.
vice of such notice as afordsaiJ, be open
and remain open ; and no tolls shall be de
manded until after said road is put into com
nlcte and Dcrfcct repair: and if such keen.
er of the gato 6hall not immediately after
tho receipt of such notico open such gato
and keep it open until such repairs arc com.
plcted as aforesaid, the toll-gatherer or gato
keeper so detaining any person as aforesaid
shall forfeit and pay to tho said person de
. tained as aforesaid, tho sum of twenty five
Collars lor eacn and every ofloncc. to bo re
covered in an action of debt, before any jus.
tico of tho pcaco in any town where such
. detention occurred, and tho property of said
company shall bo liable on said judgement;
and tho "samo may bo taken in the same
manner as if i he samo were against said
company in its corporate name; and tho
tuo of this act, shall receive as a compen
.ation for their services, twelve shillings per
day for every day they aro employed, to bo
paid by tho toll gatherer at the gato near.
. est to where tho service was rendered, out
of tho moneys collected at such placcs,and
in default of such payments by said loll.
gatherer, said company shall individually bo
iable to said commissioners.
Sec. 11. The said board of directors
fchall keep a set of corporate books, open at
all times to any or all of the stockholders,
in which shall bo entered tho cost of tho
construction of said road and fixtures, also
all tho expenditures of said company, and
all moneys by them received an accurate
account of tho same shall bo submitted to
tho Legislature, duly attested by the oath
of tho officers of snid company whenever
it shall bo required ; that said directors shall
make a semi-annual division to each and
- every stockholder of his proportion of the
semi-annual profits, after deducting the ex.
penses of repairing said road and tho fix.
lures thereto appended.
Sec. 12. Tho - said board of directors
have power to establish such by-laws and
' regulation a may bo necessary for the
management of the nflaira of said company,
; and may appoint & oecretnry andjreasurej'
to the board, and generally may do all fur
Ihcr acts necessary to curry into full force
and effect all tho objects of this incorpora-lion.-
ftee. 13. Tho stato of Michigan be, and
U hereby authorized and empowered at any
time hcicr.Vr,' to purchase of Said company
tho turnpike, aforesaid and all the benefits
and privileges accruing therefrom to tho
said company : Provided, That if at the
timo tho 6tate shall purchase tho said road,
tho company fhall huvo received twelve
per cen per annum, net profit on the ori.
ginal cost of construction of said road and
gxtures, the said company shall surrender
said road and fixtures on. receiving only
the original cost of making tho same.
bee. 14. ihe said company in taking
possession of suid turnpike road for tho
purposes of improving tho samo, "and in
making said improvements thereon, no oh.
strucjjon or dilTicultics shall be allowed to
prevent or impede tho passogo of travellers,
coaches or wagons whilo such Improve,
merits are going on, excepting such as
are absolutely necessary for tho construe
tion, and that no unnecessary delay shall
occur in tho progress und completion of such
Sec. 15. If said company shall not fin.
ish and complete that part of said roud ly.
ing between Detroit and IloyulOak tavern,
wilhin twelve months, and tne remainder of
said roadwithin eighteen months after the
passage' of this act, or if either the toll-gates
on suid road shall bo kept open for tho pc.
riod of threo months after notice is given
that said road is out of repair agreeablo to
tho provisions of this act, then and iii cith
er case the powers and privileges granted to
said company by this act, shall ceaso and
shall bo null and void.
Approved March 8, 1807.
A true copy, Kitzing Piutchette,
Secretary of State.
.. nt5tc5. rirmi'nosTpiv. "
'Alarming Riot-Collision of the Firemen
with the Irish. Our city yesterday after,
noon presented a scene of extraordinary
confusion and excitement growing out of
a not of the most serious character, that
has resulted in a lamentable destruction of
property much personal injurv though
w,o have reason to believe without loss of
It commenced during tho progress of
tho religious services of the afternoon, and
as wo learn in the following manner : Tho
members of Engine No. 20 were returning
frofn the fire in Roxbury worn out with
tho fatigues to which they have been for
tho last fortnight nightly exposed, to an ex
tent hitherto without a parallel. The rn
gine house is situated in East street. The
company had just reached it, and were a.
bout turning in the engine, when they came
in collision with an Irish funeral. Several
statements havo como to us touching the
first provocation ; but as nearly as wo can
learn the particulars we givo them below :
. Tho engine and cngiiicmcn were on the
sidewalk. The procession also occupied
the sidewalk, and somo of them ordered
ofFtho cnginemen. Some of the company
suggested that tho procession could con
vieritly move in the street, without disturbing
tho cnginemen. Tho Irishmen would not
give way, but persevered in their dctermin.
a:ion to pass knocking down two of tho
members of No. 20. This wo understand
to have been tho first demonstration of vio
lence. The mclco soon became general.
The cnginemen - were driven back ; tho
Irishmen took possession of tho House and
upset tho engine.
The members of the company then re
paired to tho churciics and rung the bells ;
whereupon tho different engines collected
on tho spot, and both parties soon received
largo accessions of numbers. Tho Irish
men collected to the number of more than
three hundred, armed with stones, brickbats
and clubs. Tho firemen, with the citizens
drove them back through Purchase street
to Broad street. Meanwhile many thous
ands had assembled. Missiles of every de
scripiion were flying in all directions, and
many individuals on both sides wcro very
Mr. Charles Sears recently foreman of
Hook and Ladder Company and tho man
who distinguished himself by his boldness
in ascending the steeple of the Ilollis street
church tho other day was badly wounded
and thrown into tho dock, at some point
between Tilston and Liverpool wharves.
He wos rescued, and borne off on a litter.
Reports of h's death wcro current through
ov.t the afxrnoon. . There is no doubt that
hij wounds arc snch as to enJangcr his
life thousih wo havo no certain informa
tion of his decease. His wounds were
in the head, and inflicted with on axe.
Mr. Barnes of engine No 1, was carried
oflin a chaise severely wounded. . We un.
derstand that he is out of danger. Many
other members of different companies were
more or less injured.
Tho Irish maintained their ground, re
treating inch by inch through Purchace
street, fiercely pursued by tho multitude.
Meanwhilo several of the companies re
turned to their respective engine houses
and a different class of combatants mingled
in tho afiVay.
An intenso excitement prevailed. Tho
usual recklessness and disregard of life ex
hibited in all such scenes, wcro displayed in
every direction. When tho multitude
reached tho corner of Broad and Purchase
streets, they broke the windows of several
houses inhabited by Irish residents, entered
the houses, broke up tho furniture, and cmp
tied the contents of the fether beds. The
air for some distanco about tho spot, was
filled with feathers. Meanwhile theirht
continued three or four hundred men'
and boys being nctivly engaged on both
sides. . ,
The Mayor was seasonably on the spot.
Seeing tho cou.so things wcro taking ho
promptly udopted measures fo call out the
military ; and portions of several regular
companies soon collected at Fnneuil Hall,
and were marched to tho scene of tho riof.
By this time the force of the riot was spent;
and comparitivo order was restored. Slill
many thousands wcro collected in the vi
cinity, who were called upon to disperse,
and immediately retired.
Tho number of individuals on both sides
at any timo engaged in the affray, did not
exceed six or seven hundred persons. Of
the persons injured, many wero mero spec
tators collected from curiosity. Tho re.
suits of tho riot have been less serious than
mightjhavo been expected from its duration
its excitements, and tho numbers collected.
There havo been many battered and broken
heads, no doubt, and many bodi1ytbr"(;c'' J
but we aro inclined to believo that Hum has
been no actual loss of life. .
As far a we can learn, no blame can
bo attached to the firo department as a body,
beyond excitement growing out of tho im
prcssianlhat ono of their companies had
been unjustly assailed, and the common
error of the time?, a dinposirion to take the
punishment into their own hands. There
is no reason for charging upon them any
of the excess that occurcd in tho subse.
qucnt progress of the riot. Many of tho
companins had peaceably retired to their
engine houses beforo the'eommission of any
outrage upon tho property of tho Irish.
Boston Atlas. ,
n.tnirfi'i.. 'v..,i r e..
UIM"' owvut VJ J kiuvik . 111 UIU tisni
and village of Pino Plains wcro visited by
one of tho most destructive tempests this
part of tho country ever experienced. A
barn of II. C. Myers was destroyed, and
his fine orchard of fruit torn up root and
branch. A large barn and sheds of J.
Booth wero felled and his dwelling much in
jured. The dwelling of John Decker was
blown into atoms," and some of the rafters
and clapboards wero carried nearly 100
rods himselfand family much injured. A
largo new Baptist Church almost comple
ted, was literally piled into a heap of pro
miscuous rubbish; even tho wail of its foun
dation was torn up somo several feet for
tunately, Mr. Northrop, and threo or four
masons, left a few minutes before. Many
of tho buildings were unroofed. The
premises of Capt. Jacob Best, a mile and
a half west of us, consisting of a large new
barn, forty by fifty feet square, and a shed,
twenty by forty feet, attached to it, and
other small buildings, wero entirely pros
trated, even the foundation timbers weie
thrown several rods, split and broken in
every possible munner ; his house exhibited
a melancholly wreck, unroofed, siding torn
off and buned amid timbers, trees and
and sleJgs wcro found wrecks from 30 to
40 rods whence they were taken, and one
cart wheel was carried nearly one fourth
of a milo up a hill ; largo apple trees wero
hurled 30 and 40 rods and one was carried
moro than one-half mile by measurement,
ho had some cattle killed. A Mr. Antho
nv Simmons, near Best's was on the road
with his team loaded with hogsheads of
sugar (1250 lbs.) horses wagon and sugar
wcro hurlod. over a stone wall into a perfect
wreck, himself blown in an opposite direc
tion about 15 rods against a gato post and
stones, whero he clung fast. Isaac Crau.
dull, Samuel Gripman and Daniel Shcr.
wood had their barns destroyed and houses
injured. Jepthah Wilbur had three large
barns, cider mill, sheds, carriages, houses,
&c. torn away, so that one etick lay not up.
on unothcr; his dwelling, three stories high,
was stripped except tho floors, on tho floor
of tho third story was found a cart wheel
and axletiea ; his wagon and all his farming
utensils wero strewed about his fields in pie.
ccs ; even hams that wcro in his smoke
houso wero found in divers places, some
carried more than 90 rods distant; had
horses, cattle, sheep and hogs killed.
Much other destruction of buildings has
como to our knowledge. Povghkcepsie
Tiik United States Dank. It appears that
at tho timo Mr. Biddlo came forward so magnan
imously to the relief of the New York merchants
and performed such wonders, according1 to his
presses in Now York, tho situation of his bank
was us follows:
Specio in Philadelphia,
Ijalanco duo to tho state banks,
Specio after paying stato banks,
Due to Depositors,
Amount of iminoJidte demands, 11,741,257
To mvt wliioh, it had in npoio,
Notes of o'.hjr banks,
Hers aro two millions of funds in band to meet
flevenf millions of d bts payablo on demand!
What an excellent condition how perfectly able
to assi.st tho merchants in New York! to co-oper
ato wilh tha other b inks in affording relief!
On the first of May this bank was in a still
worMo condition. Notwithstanding tho salo of his
foreign bonds to tho amount of four millions, by
tho returns of tho bank of that dalo, his specie
amounted to $1,282,813; balance of indebtedness
to 8tato banks, 789,2:26; balance of specie, 495,
563: circulation and d;poitcs, 10, 03 J, 951.
Hjro is less than half a million of funds to pay
ten million! of debts on demand!
Let it bj remambcred that but a few days after
this Mr. BiJdlo's bank stopped payment, and wo
shall know how truo his slatonunts then mnds
woro Hh .t had it, the bank, consulted merely its
own strength, it would havo continued its pay
meat without reserve,' that in, bo would have
paid Un millions with half a million. Wo shall
know too, how tnu was his statcmentlh.it ho
stopped bocauss tho stato banks would not pay
their balance! when in fid thcro was a heavy bal
anco duo from tho United States bank to tho
Another rorison for stopping payment ho gives
in a lnltir to Mr. Adams, in these words:
"Whil 3 tho vaults of all tho other banks were
closed, ih a government would luve no resource
to procure specie but the bank of the U. States,
which ought not to assume tho risk of being the
only source of supply for bullion to the govern,
mint ond the land oificcs, as well as for exporta
tion." Alas, for "tha government! alas, for the land
offices! alas, for the exporters of spacio! Mr.
Uid llo has closed the doors of his vault, which
contains fuur hundred thousand dollars! Onei
Somo of the papers have been recording
tho marriage, somewhere out west, of a
Miss Precious Little. They forgot to men
tion hor husband, who is the lion. Trifle
Smaller, of Little Rock, Arkansas. Both
parties emigrated from Little Creek Town
ship, in tha little stato of Delaware .
The banks of Njw Brunswick havo stopped
poto pajriiMrata m-nd tlio of Nova Snfitta ar ex.
pouted to do the same; but thoso of Newfound
land it is believed will hold out.
JJJ" At a mot-ting of the citizens of the village
of Lima, held at the Lima Hotel, on the 17th of
Juno, 1837, for the purpose of adopting moasurcs
for eclobrat iDg tho 61st Anniversary of American
Independence, Mr. G. A. Moore was appointed
president, uud John B. Howe, Esq. secretary.
When tho following resolutions were adopted I
llcsolvod, That the citiz2ns of Lima celebrate
tho 61st anniversary of American Indcpcndjnco,
by tho delivery of an Oration, tho reading of the
Declaration of Independence, and with appropri
ate religious ceremonies. That E. D. Smith, Esq.
bo Orator of the day, Rev. Christopher Corey,
Chaplain, Mr. John Moore roadur of tha Dcclara.
tion of Independence, and Col. Wm. M. Holmes,
Marshall. The following gentlemen wero p.
pointed a Committee of Arrangements t
Col. Soldon Martin, P. L. Mason Esq. R. U.
Fury, M. E. Mason, Hon. Lather Newton, Dr.
I. T. Hobbs, John B. Howe, Esq., John Kromer,
W. H. Gardner, E. A. Brown, A. Powell, A. P.
Adams, John Moore, G. F.Whittaker, J. C. Kin.
ncy, Wm. I'hslps, II. L. Johnston, Mr. Stone,
Brutus Stockwoll, Sam'l. Howard, N. O. Ar.
The meeting then adjourned, tint die.
G. A. Mooar., pret.
John B. How, tee, r'
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1837.
NoTire TK! number (f&S .mli th first
year of the Constantino Republican, and tcrmi.
iL . c - m 9. t i rrM .
uaioB wi nnn oi inlander tx vow a Ty. i lie im.
portanco of a general seltlonicnt of our affairs of
tho past year, is too manifest to need urging up.
on tho attention of our readers. Probubly most
of those wh are in arrcar, have waited only to
Know tiiat t year ius expired ; that we now
tell them. ' ' '
' The next paper. Providence permitting, will
be issued onJMonduv, that tho hands in theoifice
may participate in tho joys of Independence.'
' ' .
ITjr.'Tlw" legislature adjourned on Thursday,
the 22J inst.,'nflor having passed an act allow,
ing the banks to suspend specie payments till the
sixteenth duj of May next. . It is, wo are iufor.
mod, a loss perfect and more objectionable law
than that paisod by tho New York legislature;-
Ono provision especially, out-Hcrods Ilsrod, al.
lowing all nw banks which may originate un
der the new iiuking law of last winter, to com.
menco businiss, issuing their notes payablo "on
demand," and yet bo oxomptod from any obliga
tion to pay ut a single dollar till the expiration
of that tim!!!
This is indeed 8 precedent a new strotch of
liberality in, the monetary world, never before
board of. Thsro may be a grain of apology, in
the necessity of hurrying tho thing througli on
the last day of the session. Yet the legislature
had better hive returned home, without having
done any thjng, and loft all the banks to weather
the storm unassisted, than thus to have disgraced
Still, as there is to bo another session in No
vember, the evil may bo prevented a very hurtful
extension, by prompt action at that time.
O The whigs have issued notices calling a
convention in this county and a pretty general
movement of the kind in all tho counties of tho
state, we pnrcoivt, is agitating, prepartoryto a
state convention, purely of their own party.
We care not how strictly they draw tho line of
distinction, fior how soon they set up business for
themselves, ant' have not tho least objection to
the representative of this section of St. Joseph
county declaring at once the side on which he
depends for futuro support.
That party, since as a party it is hcroafUr to
show itself in Michigan, may rest assured, that
the democrats will be tho fast men to lainont over
any movement, which ehall stimulate to a fair
trial of strongth. And we do not apprehend
tho drowning of tho land, ly any flood of tears
that might flow, from tho few presses on the fence
getting down to their aid. We do not perceive
that the call of a whig state convention, nor the
establishment of a second leading pper at De
troit, the "Spy in Michigan," has yet alarmed
We notico that the Advertiser calls upon tho
" real friends" tint may bo tho new name of the
whig parly of Michigan to bestir themselves in
season, preparatory to the election on tho 21st
and 22nd of August, of a representative in Con
That is tho time the Iegislaturo havo just fixed
upon, for the election to All that offico, and it will
be a fair opportunity for the first trial in our stato
of the 'roal friends" and tho democrats.
O" There is a scarcity of wheat just now, in
this vicinity; owing partly to its sliding off by tho
good sleighing of last winter, and partly to large
quantities having been bought up recently by
fmners from a section of Indian, whero thare has
boon a great dearth. A small quantity was pur
chased last wok by our miller at two dollars a
bu-nrl 4 Wahiul tnmtv mt tlx. mill, nn Hu.
day, five dollars per hundred for flour. But these
prices cannot be kept up long as wo learn,-that
a large quantity of Ohio flour has arrived at the
mouth of the St. Joseph, and cells slowly at aov.
en dollars a barrel. It will of noccssity find its
way up as for as this place, for a markot.
There is more, we also loarn, stored al Misha
waka, Michigan City and Chicago, than can be
dixpescd of in the vicinity of those places for a
long time, even at less than scvon dollars. Be
sides, the prospects of an abundant harvest just
at hand, all throughout this productive country,
givo tho predictions of starvation but slim en
couragomcnt, ITT A third daily papnr is proposed in D jtroit,
by tho editors of tho Spectator, to bo entitled tho
Detroit Morning Post, to bo democratic in poli
tics. We know not what encouragement may
bo oftorcd for such an undcrtuking, and tho Ad
vertiser doubts "whether th j Morning Tost will
obtain a very extensive patronage."
But still", a sfceond democratic print may stand
as fair a chance for a living in that democratic
city, as that second whig concern, of meagre ap
pearance, the Spy.
Detroit is getting rather fruitful, in the news
paper lino. A new religious paper, of the Pres
byterian order, lias recontly been commenced,
entitled "The Michigan Observer," edited by the
Rev. Warren Iham, formerly editor of the Ohio
F. Sawyer, jr. is now tho editor of the Daily
Advertiser, and Journal and Courier, in place of
Geo. Corsclius, Esq. who has retired.
The Detroit papers generally, aro conducted
with much rcspsctability and candor.
D Our young friend and former "shipmate"
in an eastern office, Stlvester M. Bartlett,
who publishes the N .W. Gazette at G,lcnn, we
observe lias mountod the stump, as a candidate
to 11 a vacancy in th flffirn of reprosontaU? to
tha legislature of Illinois which body has boon
callod by Gov. Duncan to meet in extra session,
on the second Monday in July. The election to
fill vacancies is to be on the first day of July.
Were it not that stumping is all the go' in that
stato, we should think Sylvester rather presump
tuous, and be inclined to sond him a word of re
proof; but as it i", and knowing also, that he is a
full charged whig, wo conclude that perhaps all
foclingsof dclioacy moy bo absorbed in the con
sideration, that in Rome, the emigrant must a
dopt the customs of the Romans or, if in "Tur
key, he mast do as Turkeys do."
But if he is an apologist for tho duellist, as he
seems to be by an article in his paper, we hope he
will not get into any civil office. We would de
sire, above all, to see every friend or abettor of the
murderous practice of duelling, falsely called tho
'satisfaction usually required among gentlemen,
kept out -of the place where men of humanity and
rational minds should be required, to make laws
for a state.
ID It will be seen by a notice to-day, that a
new steamboat is to bo launched from Mr. Mc
Millan'a ship yard, three fourths of a milo up tho
river from this village, on the 4th of July. Al
though there may not be an oration, the dinner
on board maybe of some assistance in commotn.
orating oar national independence.
ID" Whether, in view of tha back ward, season,
it be considered early or not, we will just men
tion, that we have peas in our garden suitable for
tho table, and beans in blossom, and that in ma
oy of the gardens of our neighbors, potatoes were
in bloom a week ago.
Strawberries are so much tho indigenous fruit
of this country, that they are now abundant thro,
out our fields, woods and commons and so friend
ly aro their greetings, where cream is in requisi.
tion, that the hour of tea-time, -about these days,'
is an hour not to be dreaded by people of refined
palates. Apropos, A strawberry was picked
in a garden in this village, on Monday last, by a
young lady, which measured three inches in ctr
cumfertnee. We know not which is most de
serving of admirers, the berry or its possessor.
!H7" The Detroit, a steamboat represented as a
fine vessel, from Buffalo, arrived at Milwaukee
on the 12th and Chicago on the 14th inst. with
a number of emigrants destined for the interior.
She is owned by an association of gontlemon of
Milwaukee and Michigan City, and is to be em
ployed exclusively on Lake Michigan, touching
at Chicago, St. Joseph and Grand Haven; as we
learn from the Milwaukee Advertiser. Between
Grand Haven and Grand Rapids, a distance of a
bout forty miles, a daily steamboat is advertised
to commence running on the 1st of July.
Tho Michigan has also been around the penin
sula this spring, with a large number of passen
gers, from Buffalo to Chicago from thence go.
ID The Globe Building at Rochester, on the
opposite side of the river from tho firo mentioned
last week, was again burned down, on Sunday
morning the 16th in. Ooou (Mtiy .d..
Summary. Messrs. White &r Gallup hive run
up a bookstore at Green Bay! The land office at
that placo resumed business oil the 1st inst. and
the editors of Chicago and Milwaukee are requos.
ted to notice tho fact. Tho Wisconsin Demo
crat, of the 9th, says tint sales of the public lands
to tho amount of-several thousand dollars have
already boon madc Where did they get the rhi
no? It is on therinciple of 'rotation in office,'
that that paper at.ributea the fact, that the Du
buque Visitor has changed hands four times in a
a year! The Galena paper says "that Van Bu.
rcn men in this section aro as scarce as silver dol
lars!" That may be true, and yet those men
may not bo in tho minority. The election on the
Istof July may test the matter. It is not for
a printer always to know how plenty silver do!
l.u-8 may bo! Tho Erie Observer contains i
"hint" that some of the steamboats on lake Erie
are so cng iged in racing when they pass, that
they do not put into that port for passcngors!
That must be both honorable and profitable, af
ter having by handbills invited people to wait
there only to be seriously disappointed. The
names of such deceivers ought to be mado pub
lic. The whigs have discovered that Goneral
Harrison continues very popular in Pcnnsylva'
nia! Ho continues also, just as popular as ever
in this state! Throwing blue vitriol on the dress.
cs of the ladios walking Broadway, in the even
ing, has lately been practiced by some of the mon.
stcrs in shape of men in New York. Such croa
turos ought to be punished with total banishment
beyond the reach of the human voice or sympa
thy, tho rest of their lives. Old Jack Barns, his
wifo and daughter, supposed to havo been burned
up in the Ben Shorrod, aro said to be yot 'alive
and kicking' on tho boards of the Louisvillo The
atre. We have boon permitted to copy tho following
lotter from a gontloman traveling west to a friend
in New York. v .
tOrtstanfine, Mich., June 21, 1837.
Friend R. In accordance with the agrcomcnl
entered into whon we parted, I now proceed to
give you some "pencilings by tho way," as Wil
lis has it. You will perceive by tha date that I
now hail from a placo at the west, at least com
pared with your down-easterly location. But
here it is not so. All aro yet bound for that un
known region, which people have conjured up in
their imagination, I should think, and given it
the very doubtful and incomprehensible appella
tion of "the toes." Whore it is located, none
protend to know but all are socking for it as if
it wero the summum lonum of human life the
great object to bo attainod an elysium upon
earth, like tho fablud fields of the ancients where
repose the shades of the virtuous dead, amid a
profusion of flowers where all is happinoss
where no angry passions, no sorrow or affliction
enters to disturb tho calm tranquillity which
reigns within. The west the west, is the con
tinued cry here as well as a thousand miles noar.
it tho rising of the sun. All ore pressing for.
ward to this goal of their hopes, and appear con
fident that here they shall find a resting place
from all the "ills which flash is heir to."
But to the sketch which I propose to give you.
I arrived at Buffalo, and started from thence on
board tho steam boat Gen. Porter, for Dotroit, on
Thursday, June 1st. A fow years ago, you can
well recollect, Buffalo was considered by the peo
ple of New England as tho jumping-off' placo
the 'ultima thule of civilization, beyond which
was a howling wilderness, all desolate and drea
ry the fit abode only of wild boasts and fero
cious savages. But what a chango has come
over the face of the country. How rapid is the
march of improvement. How quickly fall the
forest trcos before the axe of the sturdy husband,
man. Tho country, tho cities and villages along
the southern shore of lake Eriohave been so of.
ton doscribed so often set down in the note book
of travelers -so often paraded before the public
in the shape of maps, lithographs, fit-C. that to
ontor into any thing of a minutia, would bo su
pererogation. But perhaps they deserve a pas
sing notice. The first port wo mado waa Dun
kirk, about forty-five miles from the placo of our
embarkation. This is a lively little pl?co, at
which the vessels of the lake call in their passage
up and down. Its business cannot bo very ex
tensive, thore being no heavy transhipments of
goods here, or water power to any great extent,
as I could observe in a transient visit. It is,
however, the contemplated point at which will
terminate tho great New York and lake Erie rail
road. Leaving this, we passed sovoral small
towns which have grown into notice within the
list year or two, mostly through the influence of
specuIationV-which, by tho way, has had almost
a miraculous effect in creating cities and villages
in the wilderness at least npon paper.
We arrived at Erie, Pa. about 6 o'clock, P. M.
having left Buffalo at 9 in the morning. This I
found to be a place of considerable importance,
doing a good business in the commercial as woll
as other lines of trado. Tho town consists of
two parts, one upon the low, lands on the shore
of the lake tho other after ruing a small decliv
ity. Tho upper town, as it is called, is the pi ice
where nearly all the business is trsnsacted. At
Erie tho Pennsylvania canal will probably termi
nate, which will greatly add to its present activ.
ity. After leaving this place, we passed some
beautiful islands some pleasant little hamlets,
with their piors extended into the water as if in
viting us to give them a call. Wo entered sever.
al of those harbors, aa they are termed, for tho
pupose of landing passengers, discharging froight
and of procuring wood. Some of the names I
can recollect, such as I airport, Huron, Grand
River, &c. all places of no great importance, yet
at the same time transacting considerable busl.
ness with the back country, in shipping produce
for market, and in receiving merchandize for
country dealers. Friday morning we entered
the CuyaHoga river, upon whoso banks and In the
vicinity of which is situated the town of Cleve
land, which, with the exception of Cincinnati,
is the most populous place in Ohio. This also,
like Erio, is built upon a location that portion of
which nearest to tkjTriver and lake is composed
of lowlands, while the business part of the city
or village, whatever it may bo, is upon an emi
nence aomo fifteen or twenty feet above the level
of the water. Its population, I should judge, is
about seven or eight thousand. Here the Ohio
canal terminates, and the trade with the interior
is immense It is here that a large part of the
flour, pork, Ate. destined for the eastern market,
is shipped, and in return, the mochandize which
is to supply the wonts of those residing upon the
route of the Ohio canal is brought. You will
perceive the importance of this place, and the ad
vantages which it possesses for becoming a large,
wealthy and commercial city. Our tarry here
was short, and I hod not time to take a general
survey, but noticed many fine buildings, such aa
churches, blocks of stores, dec.
From this place we proceeded onward, and af
tor making one or two moro stoppages, we bore
away for Detroit river,, leaving the Mauntee on
our left, -Miab -all iu cities and villages. This
part of the voyage was most' delightful. The
winds were hushed the lako was smooth, and
onward the gallant steamer bounded through the
foaming surge and raging waters, which wore
raised in agitation by the speed of her passage.
Beautiful islands, covered all over with green
foliage, hero broke upon our vision, just as 'the sun
was 'reclining beneath the western horizon,'
throwing his last rays upon them as they appoar.
ed in the distance. The prospect was enchant
ing, and all looked upon it with delight. But ere
long it was lost, for the darkness of night came
creeping over the 'vasty deep, hiding from our
view all save that by which we were immediate,
ly surrounded. ' At about 11 o'clock we 'hove to'
upon tho Canada side of tho river, awaiting the
roturn of day to proceed onward. Morning camo
and with it the hour of departure. The Detroit
is a magnificent river, abounding on either side
with fine scenery. Here and there is to be soon
an old Fronch habitation, the remains of former
diys and wind mills revolving in the brooze,
brought Don Quixotte forcibly to mind. At
length we arrived at the city of Detroit at about
5, A. M. on tho third day from Buffalo.
Detroit, as every body knows, is a very ancient
place having beun settled by the Canadians pre.
vious to the old Fronch and Indian war. For a
long time, however, it was merely a station of
the fur traders, and Catholic missionaries. Ma'
ny buildings yet remain, which bear evident
marks that the hand of time has been upon them.
Their structure tells of former ages their decay.
ed appearance of another people. But since tho
tido of emigration has set in from the east since
the government land has come into market, this
city has become a large place of extensive busi
ness. Jefferson Avenue is the principal stroct,
where a large portion of tho trade la carried 'on.
It contains several large and elegant churches,
besides other fine buildings. Dotroit is the capi
tal of the state, but it is presumed that the seat of
government will ere long be removed to some
From Detroit I passod through the interior.
I saw nothing as I came along worthy of cupe
cial notice in tho counties of Wayne and Wash.
tenaw, if we except tho bad roads and rough trav
eling. Here and there, however, we beheld beau.
tiful farm housos, with extonsive fields of whoat
and other grains. But as we proceeded west
the appearance of the country improved. The
land looked better, the crops more thrifty, and
people more prosperous. . There are many small
villages in Michigan, moro than I had expected
to find. Ann Arbor, the county scat of Wash
tenaw, is ono of the old settled places of the west,
but has of late received a new impulso to its bu
siness, and is dashing away in fine style. Ma
ny of tho villages consist of a number of build
ings, generally collected upon rivers, or large
Btroams of water, where power can be obtained
for propelling machinery. Jacksonburgh, the
county scat of Jackson, upon the hoad waters of
the Grand river, is just springing into existence.
Passing into Calhoun county, the appearance
of the country was changod for the hotter. In
this part of tho state, burr and white oak open
ings form by far the largest portion of the tim
bcrcd lands. Upon these the trees are exceed,
ingly sparse, there not being, in roost places, as
many upon ten acres, as is often found in New
England and New York upon one. The labour
required for clearing and improving the soil, is
but trifling compared with that which is neces.
sary in the eastern states. . And besides, when
onco broken, it is much easier of cultivation and
more productive withal. Forty bushels of wheat
to the acre, is said to be but the usual average in
somo sections. The only place of note in this
county, is Marshall, aituate on Rice creek, a
tributary of tho Kalamazoo. This is a village of
recent origin, but of rapid growth. Thore are
several dry goods stores churches being built
taverns mechanic shops two printing offices,
and lawyers, doctors, &.c. together with ample
water power, much of which i improved. But
its situation I did not like. . It is built upon low
ground, which I should suppose waa not very
conducive to health.
From Marshall I took a south west direction,
coming through a part of Calhoun, Branch end
St. Jo3sph counties. The country along this
routo is new and but thinly sottlod. But its ap
poaranco told well of its capacity for maintaining
a dense population. Aftor entering St. Joseph
we came upon Nottawascppie prairie, which is
about six miles long and throe in broadth.
To those who are unaccustomed to prairies,
even this one, so small in extent, presents a stri
king appearance. The whole of it is not yet in
market about one half having been hold as an
Indian rosorve. But peoplo have "made claims"
upon all that is yet unsold.
The condition of the Indians who yet remain
in this part of the country, is truly deplorable.
They have faded away like tha evanescent dow
of the morningbeforo the rising sun. As the arta
and sciences advanced th-y receded to the deep
recesses of the forest.' They have been driven
from mountain to mountain from valley to al
leyfrom river to rivor, and where aro they now?
Where that mighty poople who ruled lords of the
ascendant upon the shores of North America?
We sook thern in vain. While the germs of a
mighty nation have been implanted upon the soil
of the new world, tho seods ofdocay have been
sown to the original inhabitanta and how plenti
ful the harvest which has been gathered in
Whore the light canoe of tho Indian alone broke
the silence of the 'great waters,' all now is whi
tened by tho canvass of commercial enterprise.
Where the smoke of the rude hamlet curled aloft
through the dark green forest, cities and villages
have arisen in their might whoso spires ore peer,
ing to the heavens. What a change is here and
what reflections does it bring! Yes, a lingering
remnant of a onco powerful people yet exist a
mong us, but how have they fallen from the high
state of their fathers. . No longer the lofty de.
meanor, the stately dignity of uncontrolled free,
dom form the characteristic of their nature.
Their spirits are broken they are bowed low in
the dust. Unfortunate sons of tho wilderness.
your peace has forever fled, and tha dim distant
future brings no solace to your wounded hearts.
No bright, joyous prospects are before you. No
glad star of hope illumes your pathway of life.
All is darkness, imponetrablo darkness, like tho
thick gloom of night. You are wanderers In tha
land, and strangers amid the home of your fa
thers. The hand of violence has pursued you
with unremitting vengeance
By this time, I presume, you are weary of my
soliloquising, so Ml return to my subject j From
Nottawa. we came to Centreville, thrTewonty eeat
of St Joseph. The prospects for a IigS town are
very flattering here. And there is a good coun
try around, when unproved.
From Centreville, I came to Constantino,
distance of about ten miles. This is also a vil
lage of recent growth. Six years (since, and I
am told that the site upon which it now stands,
was a forest then unbroken. It is situated upon
tho St. Joseph, about one hundred and fifty miler
from its mouth, by the course of the river, and
some sixty or seventy by land. That this is one
day to become a place of some importance, no ono
can reasonably doubt. I have not seen a, mors
beautiful stream than the St. Joseph. ' Its cur.
rent is swift its waters pure and sparkling
It rolls along majestically within iU banks, which
abound in scenery, not indeed, wild and pictur
esque like that of the far-famed Hudson, but de
lightful, covered with the verdant foliage of tho
forest, or the more genial fragrance of the spring
flowers. The whole valley of the St. Joseph ia
probably unsurpassed for beauty of situation, and
fertility of soil by any port of Michigan. At
Constantino there is extensive water power, suf.
ficiont, when properly improved, to carry ma
chinery of all kinds, to almost an unlimited ex.
tent. It is also surrounded by a country, rapid
ly filling up with farmers, whose prod nee will
hre find a ready market, either for home con.
sumption, or for tho purposo of being shipped
Many valuable improvements were to have been
made this season, but 'the pressure of the times,'
which is every where folt, more or less, has ren
dered them inexpedient for the present. It is al
so more than probable that the Rail Road from
Monroe to New Buffalo, will cross the river at
this place, and that here will be made an impor
tant point. If so, this will be the 'greatest city'
of western Michigan. It will bo the 'making of
it' and it will rise, if the gifts of nature are sec
onded by the worka of art, for aa regards situa
tion, I think it is unrivalled at least in this see
tion of country. Enterprise and publio spirit,
whon properly directed, can accomplish every
thing for a place, and upon these must depend
the hopes of its citizens for prosperity and great,
ness. A steamboat is about to be launched at
Constantino for the transaction of business upon
tho river. This village will undoubtedly 'go a.
head' will prosper will amount to something
more than the more puff-ball of speculation which
a single chango of the times may hurry into ob.
Bcuritj.-.Tbar ppoara to &MtMtbing substan
tial something abiding.
About three miles from here is White Pigeon,
situated upon a prairio of the same name. What
a delightful place is this to behold in summer.
A noat little village upon and surrounded by a
broad plain, all glowing with vegetation -what
more pleasing? But it is in want of water pow
er and commercial advantages, without which it
cannot become a place of extensive business, hav
ing nothing to recommend it save the beauty of
its locality, and being upon the great Chicago
What adds much to the landscape scenery of
Michigan, is, that ever and anon is to be seen a
small lake amid the shade of the forest, or afar
off upon the plain. Theso bodies of water vary
in size, and are to bo found in every section of the
Many of the people of the eastern states labor
under a great mistake in relation to their breth
ren of the west. They look upon them as uneir.
ilized -shut out from the blessings of social soci
ty deprived of the advantages of education, or
any thing else, save thoso which are incident to
a new and wild country. But it is not so. The
moral character of the citizens of the west, so
far as 1 have seen, would lose nothing by a com.
parison with those who live in the more favored
regions of New England. Education too, is con
sidered of the first importance, and throughout
the whole length and breadth of Michigan, there
is scarce a neighborhood where ia not to be found
the neat little school house, whero the first prin.
ciples of knowledge are instilled into the youth,
ful mind and where is prepared for the business
of life the generation which is just mounting the
stage of action. Education is a favorite with the
people of this region; and with the ample provis
ions made by law, its cause will prosper will bo
the hriirhtest ornament of the state. Aa wmu
9 - rr
lation increases aa the waste lands become ten.
anted, so will the blessings of society increase.
will become more extended, and more generally
As you wished to know something about tha
times, prospects, Ate. I will givo you what I have
k .1 TY 1, l
utou -uw iu gainer, ii ere, as won as in ctci j
other section of the union, the derangement, con
sequent upon speculation, is felt, but not to that
extent that it is in some places. .The specie cir
cular, so much abused by the politicians of the
east, has boon one of the best things for the west,
and in fact, for tho whole country, that could
have been adoptod. Whatever temporary Incon.
venience it may cause, it has etayed the wild man.
ia which was spreading over tho land, sweeping
every thing before it destroying regular busi.
ness, and in turning the operations of tradesmen
into mere babbles the offspring of speculation.
Its character is now known, and its effects duly
appreciated by the people of this region, and the
only regret ia that it was not sooner adopted
The facility with which bank credits were ob
tained, caused a mighty extension of the system, .
and township after township was purchased on
the strength of capital tbu obtained.. These
lands were held for the purpose of realizing large
profits, and consequently would remain long un
settled, to the great detriment of the surrounding
country. But now there is an end to these things
and tho people rejoioe that it is so. Business is
not as lively as usual not so many emigranta
coming in as formerly,
Michigan is 'going ahead with her internal im