ill yv m mjr
VOLUME II.:;.No. 7.
CONSTANTINE, ST. JOSEPH COUNTY, MICHIGAN, AUGUST 10, 1837.
' " I , ' ' DANIEL WUNCKII, ' " 4
Every Wednesday Mornlna, corner of Canaria find
Water atreeta, at hla 1'rintlng-OlHee and liook
atore, orer the liank. Stairs, aoutb aide.
( 6'2 60, if paid In advance
nth t or, i
aimK 3 uu, aner the nrit 9 mo
( 9 60, at the end of the year.
S MITHS & COWMAN, having roceiv.
d a re-supply to their former stock of Goods,
wluli conauta of
, Dry Goods, Groceries, Hardware, Cut.
lery, Medicine, Crockery, School Booksj
Blank Books, Boots and Shoes, Looking.
Classes, Window Glass, 7 ly 9, Sly 10,
a id 1012. ;
Al of which they offer for tho lowest cash pri.
cca , They would also inform their friends and
customers, - both in St. Joseph and Kalamazoo
Counties, that their Flouring mill will bo in op.
oration by the 6th February, when they will be
ready to answor all orders for flouring and bar.
reling, or grinding Custom work. -'
They would further givo notice that all persons
. living on the south side of tho rivor, and coming
6 mill or to trado at thoir store, they will give
them a pass which shall pay their Ferriage across
to and from Three Rivers.
Three Rivers, Jan. 30, 1837. 31tf
I7U1E3II GOODS. Tho subscriber has
. latoly received a now supply of seasonable
GOODS, consisting of merino circassiuns, com.
inon colored do.; dark prints; sheetings; wool,
en blankets; Canton flannels; woolen socks;
woolon gloves, linod cotton do ; worsted comfort.
4rs, Sex. See. Also, a supply of cotton batting,
wicking, and wadding ; which ho will sell to
gether with his former stock of goods, at tho
lowest prices for ready pay.
C. L. MILLER.
Constantino, Nov. 15,1833. SOj
ED, a splendid as
sortment of IIAIID
WAIIE, consisting of
Table Cutlery, Pocket
Knives. Rasors. Scisors.
Shear $, Brass and Glass Commode Knobs,
Pad, Trunk and Door Locks, Knockers, Door
hatches, Blind Fastners, Candle Sticks, Pock.
( Pistols, Screws and Screw Drivers. Brit,
ania and Tin'd ' Iron Table and Tea Spoonsi
every variety of Hinges, Spurs, Curry Combs,
'Facets, Shovels and Tongs, Ac. J-e. Ac
Also, a great variety of Whips, Whipstocks,
Riding Whips, Ac. Ac. For sale by
ISAAC J. ULLMANN.
IOWLEXIA; COFFIN, BRISTOL,
. Mouth Littlo Elkhart, la., aro now open,
ing an extensivo assortmont of Goods to which
they respectfully invito tho attention of tho pub.
lie in this vicinity among which, are Dry Goods,
Groceries, llardwaro, Iron and noils, Crockery,
Boots and shoes, Hats and Caps, ready mado
clothing, Drugs Medicines, &c. &c. ; together
with a variety of Goods, embracing almost eve
ry article adapted to the country trade, all of
which they will sell at prices that offer induce,
ments to customers.
N. B. Producoof all kinds taken in exchange
for goods. January 18, 1837. 29
MUSIC STOKE. MUSICAL IN
STRUMENTS of every kind, and in
great variety, kept constantly on hand and for
salo at the Detroit Bookstore, (old stand of S,
Wells, decoasod) where those wishing to pur.
chase are invited to call and exainina for thorn,
elves. Tho following articles can be found
among the stock now on hand t
Two very superior German Violincollos,
Kent Bugbs, Post Horns, Hunters' Pocket do.,
Flutes with from one to eight keys,
Pitch pikos, Tuning forks, Violin mutes,
- Cupo D' Astros, Guitars, with singlo and doub.
lo bottoms, small Bugler, Pandean Pipes,
Bugle crooks and shanks, Violin bridgas,
Pegs and bows, Piano and Guitar strings,
Fifes, common and extra, Flageolets and Clar
ionets, Violina, an extensive assortment, among
which are to bo found one of the celebrated
stamp of Breton! one of ClaudoVs famed in.
trumont8, and one containing the stamp of
Thomson. Admirers of tho Violin aro invitodto
call and examine those eclubrated instruments.
Just received as above a large assorment of PI.
JLNO MUSIC, well assorted j
Piano instructors, Preceptors for the flute, fifo,
Sec, Admired airs fur tho flute, violin, kent
bugle and flageolet,
Also, L'Accordcon, Mouth harmonicons, .
Portable music desks, Bass and snare drums,
As soon as navigation opens, every addition
which tho market requires will bo recoivod, and
the assorment kept full. Pianofortes will bo con.
tantlykept on hand, together with all tho new
nnusic as soon as it is published. Music Associa.
tions will be furnished with every thing in this
line, on the most reasonable terms.
L. L. MORSE.
. Detroit, June 20, 1836. . . lyl
-FTTl AK.E NOTICE Tho Subscriber" hav.
. JU. ing purchased the interest of W. T. House
and W. II. Adams in tin firm of W. T. House
A. Co. will continue tho mercantile business in
the store formerly occupiod by the late firm.
- ISAAC J. ULLMANN.
Conslantine, February 9, 1837. 33
, TVTEW UlUSICAI.. WORKS. An-
LL i thems, motels sentences, frios, ducts, solos,
and pieces for miscellaneous practice, published
1 in occasional numbers, by the N. Y. Musical
Academy. Edited by Thomas Hustings.
Tho Musical Miscellany, comprising tho music
published in thj Musical Magazine. Editod by
Thomas Hastings. SNOW &. FISK.
Detroit, March 8. , ... 36
J) rfh DOZEN HATS. Men's fashion.
' AJHjf ablo Drab Fur .Hats, Silk do.; black
' ilk and black fur do.; black and drab wool do.;
. Boys' black silk and wool do. for sale by
ISAAC J. ULLMANN.
Constantine, Oct. 5. -
jnpO SPORTSMEN! Orange Gunpow.
JJL dcr, Shot, different sizes : Load, Percussion
Caps, Sec. For sale low by
f - ADAMS b APFLETON.
Constantino, March 8. 36
TTDAI1VTS. Whito Lead, dry and in oil;
v JUr .French and chrome yellow, chrome green ;
red lead; Vermillion; gold leaf; Venltlan red;
' lampblack; spirits turpentine; copal varnish.
. And Linseed Oil, for sale by
. April 12. ALLEN GOODRIDGE.
k TTN PRESS, A new edition of Practical and
M. Mental Arithmetic on a new plan, in wh ich
mental Arithmctie is combined with the use of
the slate t containing a comploto system for all
practical purposes; being in dollars and cents.
.totereotype edition, revised and enlargod wiin ex.
" crciss for the slate. To which is added a prac
, lical System of Book-keeping. By Roswell C
, .Smith. SNOW & FISK, Detroit, ,
. I). DURGES Sl &,0. Hartford.
W. MARSHAL &. CO. Philadelphia.
. Detroit, June 20.
TT OXDOX BOTANIC VEGETA- Constantine May 21. J7
JLLj BLE SOAP, o justly colcbratod for.ita rr AST CALL All persona indobted to
rery superior qualities in extricating groaao of j y, T. HOUSE, will ploaso call and scU
very kind from gentlemen'! clothing J also,, oil, tj0 tha Bame by tho 15th inst. or have the pleas
paint, tar, etc., without doing the least injury to nro of settling the samo with a Justice of tho
either cloth or color. Bor salo by Peace. Constantino, April 5. 1836. 40tf
f c K PISTOL. '
Buffalo, Juns 20. ' TTirOITSE ANB SIGN PAINTINO
' ' Jill. AND GLAZING. The subscriber will
HILL AND CROSS-CUT SAWS, execute all orders in tho above lino, in all its va-
for sale by rjou branches, in the best manner.
ISAAC J. ULLMANN. Imitation of Wood and Marhlencatly executed.
No.7,Watcri.trcct. WM. B. BLTTS.
Constantine, June 23, 1838. Whilo rigcoii, Vx. 5, 1836. 23tf
BETROIT BOOK STORE.
MORSE Sl BROTHER have been re.
ceivinir since the opening of navigation, and rea
still receiving, their spring and summer supply of
iiuunci u i a i ivii biv i , cnMUDg in part
of tho following: .
Intellectual Powers, Moral Feeling,
Poor Rich Man, Melichampe,
Old World and the New,
Family Library, Edgeworth Works, ' '
, II. Morc's Works, Locke's Essays,
Mackenzie's Receipts, Smith's Grammar,
- Public and Private Economy4
Aaron Burr, Falkner a novel by Mrs. Shelly
. Economy of Health, Sea Stories,
Pilgrim's Progress,' a new edition,
Hioroglyphical Bible, ' ' : . '
Pirate's own Book, Lafayette,
Sacrod Poets, Harlan Page,
Holt's Missionary Anocuotos,
" Great Teacher, Mammon,
Child at Homo, Path of Peace,
Mother at Home, American Eloquence,
Dick on Covetousness, '
Political Class Book, . . . :
Nevin's Memoirs, Student's Manual,
Young Man's Guide,
Young Mother, Social Choir,
Man's Closet Library, Albums, 1
Bush's Hebrew Grammar,
How's Works. Uobrow Biblo, '
Robinson's Gesenius, Eddy's Addresses,
Day's Algebra, Goodrich's G. Grammar,
PuinBhau's Rome, Questions to do.
uEsop's Fables, llano's Lectures, '
Greek Reader, Dearborn's Byron,
Shakespeare, Bony's Architect,
Butler's Analogy, -Coleridge,
Marshall's Washington, ' '
American Gentlemen, Flint's Survey,
Heman's, Chalmcr's Roger's, Kirby's Works,
Book of Pleasure,
Milton, Young, dec. dec.
Lebrun's Telcmaquo, .
Christian Manual, do. Companion,
Guide to Fellowship,
Chapman's Sermons, Protestant Questions,
Young Disciplo, Thornton's Prayers,
Cotton on Country,
Early Years of Hobart, Aic. &c.
Together with a very extensive assortment of
STATIONERY of tho very best quality. PA.
PER of every description and the very best con.
stantly on hand. Fine CUTLERY, Music and
Musical Instruments, QUILLS (a superior lot)
and a large assortment of SCHOOL BOOKS.
Detroit, Juno 14. 51
RELIGIOUS WORKS. Barno's
Notes, Tho Young Christian,
Tho way to do good, Memoir of Bedell,
Bjeclicr's Views in Thoology,
Philosophy of Benevolence,
Doddridga's Riso and Progress,
Jvery uay JJuty,
At tho now Book Store of
BAGO, BARNS &, CO.
Juno 14, SO Woodward Avenue:
&5CHOOE ROOKS. A large and gener.
k3 al assortment of School Books of the latest
and best editions, including
Olnoy's Geography and Maps,
Malto B run's do do
Woodbridgo's do do
Mrs Willard's do do
Burritt's do , d
Parley's do do
Webster's Elementary Spelling Book,
Webster's old 4 do
Hazon's Speller and Dcflncr, .
Smith's do -Emerson's
. Parley's History, first book, do 2nd and 3d,
American Class Book,
Introduction to do
Young Reader, '
Academical Speaker, &,c. &.c. &.c.
For sale by BAGG, BARN3 & CO.
oodward Avenue, near King's Corner.
Detroit, June 14. 50
I EVERETT'S ORATIONS for sale
!i by BAGG, BARNS &, CO.
Woodward Avenue, near King's Corner.
Detroit, June 14. 50
If IFE OF JEFFERSON by Goorge
JLLi Tucker, for sale by
BAGG, BARNS & CO.
Woodward Avcnuo, near King's Corner.
Detroit, June 14. 50
BLANK BOOKS. Day Books, Lcgcrs,
Memorandum Books, &c. for sale by
BAGG, BARNS, &. CO.
Detroit. June 14, 1837. 50
TOILET CASES, Work Boxes, Torta
bio Desks, of different sizes, and elegantly
nnishea, just received at the now JJook More, on
Woodward Avenue, below King's Corner.
Also, a great variety of other fancy Stationery
for ladies. . ; BAGG, BARNS &. CO.
Detroit, Juno, 14, . 50
TO RANKING fc INSURANCE
COMPANIES, MERCHANTS, AND
OTHERS. Tho subscribers have in operation
a new Bindery, and are prepared to execute orders
for Fancy Blank Books, for Banks, Merchants,
and othors, in superior style.
BAGG, BARNS & CO.,
Near King's Corner, Woodward Avenue;
Detroit, June 14, 1837. 50y
1SL tfh DOZEN PALM LEAF
tPHV HATS just received and for sale
wholesale or retail, as low as can bo bought with
specie, in any of tho eastern cities. Merchants.
who aro out of tho article, aro invited to call and
examine. ALLEN GOODRIDGE.
Constantino, May 30, 1837. 49
TTKISSOLUTION. The mutual co-part.
ja- nerBiiiji uciuiuiure vxisimg oeiwcen rerrin
Barkor and XMorman i rcusdcll, is tins day dissol
vcd. PERRIN BARKER, D.
'Edwardsburgh, Cass co., Mich., I
April 12, 1837. (
ICTN. B. Doctor Barker would take this op
portunity to tender his thanks to his former pat.
rons, and to assure the Mblic generally that at
his old stand in Edwardsburgh, he is again well
prepared for business, and will be ready to at.
tend promptly to any calls for his services in ri
mer branch of his profession.
TTUST RECEIVED end for sale by tho
V subscriber, 6,000 lbs. Nails ; 8,000 lbs. Iron ;
Qrf Knrna irlaaa . ant Aw rirrwnTtpm.
All the above named articles, the subscriber
holds at Cash.
HOLT, PA LIT! E R & CO., (Success
ors to Barker & Holt,)SToaAoe, porwad.
ino and Commission Merchants,'! J 0 i Id stand,
foot of Main street, Buffalo.
The facilities of this houso ar HI passed by
none engagod in the business, and rile opening
of navigation they will be prepare H 1 1 eccive and
forward goods to any point on Laxr t jrie, Huron
and Michigan, on the Erie end O'ji t Canals and
Southwestern Rivers, with promptness and dis
patch. Any property intrusted 'to their care, for
sale here, in the New. York or othor markets,
will recsive prompt and especial attention. . The
usual advances inude when required.
Merchants' Line on the Lakes.
Steamboat Buffalo, Steamboat Constellation,
- Michigan, Pennsylvania,
Sandusky, . Victory,
Upper Lakes Line. ..
Ship Milwaukie, Ship Julia Palmer,
Brig Manhattan, Schr. Laselle,
Schr. Michigan, " Hudson,
" Marengo, N. C. Baldwin,
Lake Erie Line of Vessels.
Schr. J. Barker, ' Schr. Lodl,
Merchant, " Marshall Ney,
" , Gazelle, . . Napoleon,
Erie Canal Merchants' Line. Start two
bouts daily. F. W ILK IE, Agent,
No. 9 Coentlea Slip, S. Y.
Washington Line. Start one boat daily.
T. P. WATERS, Agent,
123 Broad Street, N. Y.
Ohio Canal Eagle Line Start one boat
daily for Portsmouth, and intermediate places.
RANSOM, BALDWIN, & CO.
References. R. Hunter & Co., Albany ; J.
J. Carter Sc. Co., do.; II. Hun tor, Rochester; Ran.
som, Baldwin, & Co., Cleveland ; O. Newberry
&. Co., Detroit ; Newberry Sc Dole, Chicago ;
Holiister and Boult, Sandusky ; G. D. Dousman
Sl Co., Milwaukie ; J. F. Porter, St. Joseph, and
Isaac J. Ullmann, Constantine, Mich.
JUST RECEIVED by land from Do.
troit a prime lot of Cheese Also, a lot of
best rice ever brought into the western country ;
together with a fresh assortment of Confection,
ary, fruit, perfumery, Sic, and a complete as.
ortmcnt of brushes, all low for cash.
ADAMS Si. APPLETON.
Constantine, Jan. 18, 1837. 29
SCHOOL HOOKS, a New Supply-..
3 among which arc .
Leather and cloth bound, chonp Testaments J
Definition and common English Readers ;
Blake's Historical Roadcr ;
Webstor's and Walker's Dictionaries ;
Woodbridgo's and Olney's Geographies & Atl.j
Parley's Geography and Tabs ; mars ;
Kirkham's, Murray's and Greenloaf's Gram.
Daboll's.Ostrandi r's and Colburn's Arithmetic;
Blike's Natural Philosophy ;
Introductory Reader, Juvcnilo Instructor.
Constantine, July 27, 1836. 4
HELP ONE ANOTHER. The Kal.
amazoo Mutual Insurance Company, in.
corporated for the purpose of insurance against
fire, in the fit a to of Michigan, is now in success,
ful operation. Their offico is in tho village of
Kalamazoo, and it is their intention to establish
an agency in every villago throughout the stato,
to receive tho applications of persons wishing to
associate with them.
Tho principles of such a comoanv. whon un
derstood cannot fail to commend themselves to
tho favor of tho public. It is not a moneyed
monopoly ; nor is there, nor can there be, any
money.muking scheme connected with it. It is
nothing more nor less than a voluntary associa.
tion of individuals plcdgod to bear each other's
losses in just and equitablo proportions, or, in
other words, to " help ono another."
livery man rvho insures in this Company, bo-
comes a member of it, and is directly interested
in its prosperity. At tho time or making his ap
plication, he is roquircd to give his note, with
approved security, for the premium of insuranco,
and which is called his " premium note." Tho
rato of the premium is governed by tho amount
insured and tho hazard of the risk : For in-
stanca, if a farmer wishes to insure $500 upon
his barn and contents, tho rate of which is 4 1-2
per cant, ha gives his noto (not on interest)
for $22 50, six per cent of which, $1 35, is
paid at tho time ; and until a loss is sustained by
tho Company, ho is not required to pay any
further premium during tin continuance of his
insurance, which is in all cases for six years,
thus it will bo perceived, tho capital of the Com.
pany is made up of its " premium notes," which
will always be sufficient in amount to indemnify
against any loss that may happen. And the ad.
vantage of this system over other companies, to
tho person insured, consists in this, that instead
of paying the cash for his premium, he gives his
note, ana may never be callod for payment of it,
except in case of losses, and even then by small
instalments, in the one case he pays a cash pre
mium to swell the coffers of a rich monopoly,
and to enlarge the dividends of wealthy stock,
holders ; Whereas, by the plan of mutual in.
surance tho persons insured aro the only stock,
holders, and tho individual saves in his own
pocket, what by the other plan ho is roquircd to
pay out of it. The practical operation of this
system of insurance has been tested in Vermont
and other Eastorn states, and tho result has boen
a saving to -bo insured of an average of three
quarters of tho amount usually required to insure
in stock companies.
The Company invito the public to como for.
ward and partake of, as well as contribute to the
advantages derived from mutual assistance.
All communications may bo addressed tothosoc
rotary, at Kalamazoo, who will give all necessary
information to agents and others.
JAMES SMITH, Jr., President.
Z. Platt, Secretary.
The following is a list of local agents who will
receive applications for insuranco from persons in
their vicinity t
Ann Arbor, E. W. Morgan; Jacksonburgh,
J. C. Bailoy ; Ypnilanti, Marcus Lano 5 To.
cura8ch, Andrew Stacy ; Clinton, Charles Chan,
dlcrj Marshall, Charles T. Gorham; Battlo
Creek, Cephas A. Smith ; Allegan, Milo Wins
low ; White Tigeon, Austin Chapin Contro
villo, Thos. W. Langloy ; Constantino, James E.
Johnson ; Schoolcraft, E. L. Brown ; Monroo,
Alpheus Fclch; Detroit, J. M. Howard; St.
Joseph, Chas. A. Morton Niles, Vincent L,
Tho Company are desirous of being furnished
with the names of responsible persons who will
act, and act efficiently, as agents in .towns
where appointments have not already boon made.
Kalamazoo, July 22, 1837. . 57
TT OST, in this villago, a small diamond
II J Breast Pin tho finder will be liberally re
wardod by loaving it at this office.
Constantine, June 8, 1837.
SUBSTITUTE FOR CALOITIEL.
Miles' Pills, tho Genuino Hygeian Medi
cine of tho American College of Health, proves
on trial to possess all the good qualities, and none
of the deleterious consequences of Calomel.' For
salo by ULU. FUUESE,
Vofinia. District Agent,
Also. II. B. Houston. Kalamazoo ; Milo Wins.
low, Allegan; Charles Gregory, Jones villc ; Jas.
Hcrron, Charleston Shoudlcr Sl Co., Coldwater;
Martin C. Whitman, Whitmanvillc; Kellogg.
Chapin, White Pigeon W. A. Sanger & Co.
MoltvDlo; W, T. House Sl Co,, Constantine
Smith At Bowman, Three Rivera i James Smith,
BLANK-BOOKS of medium, Dem
and can sizes, ofsnnorior paper and exco
lont binding, just, received at the Michigan
bookstore and stationer'- hall.
Aug. 4. J SNOW Sc FISK.
From the American Traveller.
Winter E veing Lyrics by Alltyn Gamage.
MY UNCLE JERRY.
My Unci.) Jerry is a roan
Of few but meaning words,
Ha always docs up things by wholes,
And ne'er by halves or thirds.
My Uncle Jerry has a cane,
It h .s an ivory head,
It was a present from a LofJ,
Aa I have heard it said. ,
My Uncle Jorry has a eua.
Tied with a ribbon black, .
It hongs itself most solemnly
Adown my uncle's back.
Ha has a shell tobacco-box,
. A relict of Queen Anne,
A Dutchman's name is on the lid,
'Tis something after Van.
My Undo Jorry wears his shoos
With buckles on the top,
.1 should' at wonder if he once
Was something of a fop.
When he was young and in his prime,
And huskings were in vogue,
Miss Darry Lovely, spinster, saya
She liked his pretty brogue .
But Uncle Jerry now is old.
And leans upon his cane, .
Ho tries to walk erect, but then
It gives my uncle pain.
Ho talks of politics sometimes,
And recollects the stir
There was some time ago botwecn
Tom Jefferson and Burr.
Ha tells tho story very well
How Ethan Allen wont.
To quell, off down in Bsnnington
Some littlo discontont.
That time you know, the general swofo,
And looked upon their farms
Ho'd Sodom and Go morrow 'em,
If they did'nt stack their arms.
lie tells about old Chittenden,
And tells about his son,
He says of all fair women kind,
Mum" was the finest one.
Ho recollects a thousand things,
I could not tell you h;lf,
Ho says the new Stato Houso will provo
A sort of Aaron's calf.
Poor fellow, ho will soon be done
He never liked the Bank
The chains of death are rivited,
Tis sad to hear thorn clank.
I'm sorry, I shall miss his hem,'
And his accustomed "Jerry,
I any, my boy you'll go it yet
You're Uko your uncle, very."
The committee appointed by tho Demo
cratic State Convention at Ann Arbor, to
preparo an address to tho people of this
state, respectfully beg leave to submit the
the Democratic Republican
Electors of Michigan.
The delegates appointed by you to meet
in convention at Ann Arbor, on the 20th
of July, to nominate democratic candidates
for Governor, Lieutenant Governor and
Representative to Congress, having per.
formed tho trust committed to them, beg
leave to submit some of the considerations
by which they were governed, together
with a few remarks upon the leading polit
ical questions which now agitato tho public
The principal subject which at this timo
engages the attention of politicians through
out the United States, is the regulation of
the currency, tho derangement of which
has led to much pecuniary embarrassment
during the present year. The causes which
have produced this deplorable condition in
our financial affairs, are ascribed by one
class of politicians to certain measures of
tho late administration of tho general gov
ernment ; but intelligent and candid men
of all parties attributo it to overtrading
and speculation induced by overbanking.
Tho history of the commercial world is full
of examples showing similar results from
similar causes. By overbanking, we mean
the excessive issue of paper money beyond
the common or necessary wants ot business,
and out of the power of tho banks to re.
deem on demand for payment. That the
banks of this country are obnoxious to the
charge of the most imprudent over-issues
of their notes, tho general and continued
suspension of specie payments by them, is
conclusive evidence. And that overtra
ding and speculation have resulted from
this overbanking, and caused the pecunia.
ry embarrassments which your country
is now suffering, we will not insult your
understandings by endeavoring to prove.
The immense , surplus revenue of t last
year, accumulated by execssivo iinporta.
tions of foreign goods, and extravagant
purchases of public lands, affords ample
and decisive testimony on mis poim.
If. then, tho derangement of the curren.
cy and tho consequent embarrassments in
tho money market, have their proximate
i .1 ; ! . -. j
cause in overoanmng, me inquiry uaiuiui
ty arises, from what did that originate!
The correct answer to the question is, that
it has proceeded from the injudicious legis
lation of Congress and the States. In our
deliberations jipon tho subject, wo have al.
ways regarded tho creation of a national
bank as the fountain head of tho evil. Tho
establishment of that institution and making
its notes by law adequate to specie as a
federal currency, planted- tho thorns of
which wo are now reaping tho bitter fruit.
The Bank may justly bo denounced as tho
tarent of the evils of paper money in tho
Tnited States, for it is under its fostering
care that tho banking systems of the indi
vidual states have grown up, until tho
wholo havo burst with such disastrous con.
sequences upon tho present prosperity of
tho country, naa me acmocratic pany
succeeded at tho outset, in its opposition
to tho establishment of a national bank and
tho government from its origin to the pres.
cnt time, had collected ana paid out the
public moneys in the constitutional curren.
cy of gold and silver, wo should never
have witnessed tho derangement of the cur
rency, and the fluctuations in tho value of
the great staple products 01 our industry,
which this cquntry has toq qftpn had occa
sion to suffer and dcploro. The business
of state banking wquld then havo beencqn
fined to its proper sphere ; its paper would
have been found only in tho channolj of
commerce, to which it legitimately bolongs
and millions of tho capital now invested in
bank stock, (to derive large profits from
which the institutions are stimulated to ex
ccssive issues of their notes,) would havo
been employed in agriculture, or manufac
tures, or building canals, or rail-roads, or
other local improvements, ecuallv nroduc.
tive to tho capitalist and incalculably moro
beneficial to the general and permanent in
terests of tho community.
Tho opponents of the administration are
now striving iur uio csiuuiisrimcnt oi a na
tional bank, as a remedy for tho disordered
currency which we now experience. It
gives us much satisfaction to know, what
we navo learned irom tho history of tho
past, that such efforts cannot bo success,
ful. That a national bank, whose notes
should bo mado a legal currency in the
payment of public dues, might havo a tern
porary efTect to alleviate existing embarras
mcnt3, is possible ; but we believe that the
main fold evils of such an institution would
altogether outweigh every consideration of
ua uuvumuges. jliio nisiory oi ino late
United States Bank for the few years just
previous to tho termination ofits existence,
holds out in characters of bold relief to
the American people, an impressive warn
ng against tho establishment of another
institution. There is too much reason to
believe that had any other man than An.
drew Jackson been at the head of our pub
lie affairs during that eventful period of our
history, the government of the People would
have been too weak against tho government
of the Bank. We mean no disparagement
to other public men when wo say, that
it required all the sacracitv. tho firmness
tho popularity and tho disregard of conso-
quenccs tor a laithlul and energetic uw
charffo of public duty which distinguished
tho Hero of New Orleans, to withstand tho
moneyed power which so boldly beset his
administration. And with such an exam
ple before their eyes, tho American peoplo
would bo recreant to tho trust committed to
them by their fathers to bo handed down
unimpaired to succeeding Fenerations, if
they should again exposo tho principles of
iiDeny lor wnicti they lought, to be subdued
and crushed by the power of incorporated
wealth, shielded from responsibility to the
government of tho people, by tho aristocra
tic panoply of "vested rights." A leading
statesman of the opposition onco exc!?.'mod
in tho warmth of a popular harangue, "give
us war, pestilence, lamine or any other
scource than military rule." and with how
much more propriety and justico may the
1 r.L-Tl!.-J ' t .
jiuujjiu oi uiu unueu oiaies invoito upon
their country all theso evils rather than
hazard its subiection to tho moro ignoble
rule of the irresponsible government of a
In thus expressing our unqualified disap
probation of the schemo of establishing a
nother national Bank, wo must not bo un-
dcrstood as waging war against the whole
credit system. This system, which has
grown up to its present strength with our
improvement, has become so closely united
und interwoven with tho whole trado und
business of tho country, that its immediate
destruction would inflict an incurablo and
unnecessary wound upon the prosperity of
our people. It is in a great measure to the
credit system stimulating the enterprise of
our citizens in tho developcmcnt of tho vast
resources ot our territory, that tho West
owes its rapid advances in population and
wealth, and a continuance of the system un
der proper guards and regulations, will ma
terially promote our future growth and pros
perity. In giving this expression of our
sentiments in favor of tho system, it must
not bo understood as our opinion that it re
quires no modification or improvement.
Our motto in relation to tho credit system
is, let it de rsESERVED and LET IT BE
Tho great desideratum now to bo attain-
ed in tho improvement of the currency is,
to increase tho specie and diminish tho pa
per, which now constitute our circulating
medium, ihe most desirable modo of ef
fecting this great object would be, to with
draw small notes from circulation and fill
up tho channels in which thoj flow, with
gold and silver. It has long been estab
lished as a sound maxim in political econ
omy, that coin and bank notes of tho samo
denomination will not circulate together,
but that the puper will dr;vo the precious
metals from tho field. If, therefore, wo
would have tho silver dollar circulate free
ly, we must prohibit tho issuing of bank
notes of that amount. Jt wo would have
the quarter eaglo flying from hand to hand,
we must strike out of circulation bills below
five dollars and so of coins and bills of a
iarger denomination. But thcro aro great
obstacles in tho way of accomplishing this
important and necessary reform. Depend,
ing, as tho result would, upon tho legisla
tion of tho several states, it would require
tho co-operation of each in tho samo mca.
sure, to obtain tho desired end. Expcri.
enco has shown that separate stato legisla
tion for this purpose, will go but littlo to
words effecting a practical reform. In or
der to accomplish this leading mcasuro of
the friends of a sound and uniform curren
cy, tho peoplo of tho several states should
demand of their respectivo legislatures a
co-operation, in providing by law for tho
gradual suppression of small bills from is
sue and circulation within their limit?. Nor
should they fail to urgo the importanco of
tho measure upon tho attention ot tno DanKs
themselves. If those institutions, in tho
spirit of a just and patriotic regard for the
popular will, would voluntarily and unitedly
agroo upon a gradual withdrawal of thefr
small bills, they would recommend them,
selves strongly to tho favor and confidence
of tho country.
We cannot conclude our remarks upon
general politics, without congratulating our
tolitical friends that the government of the
Tnion is in tho samo political hands, which,
with a slight exception, has guided its des
tinios fqr tho last thirty seven years, Du
ring that eventful penod, our cquntry has
passed through rqany trying times, brought
upon it by tho operation of measures estab
lished by tho federal party in tho day qf its
power. But thanks be to the people, wo
nave, in putting down the national ban It,
cut olr the last head of tho hvdra which fxl
eral domination engendered in our rcnub
lican system. The government will now
bo administered upon plain democratic prin
ciples and in the spirit with which it was
established by odr fathers. Fortunately
for our country, wo have at its head a stated
man of tho old republican schdol, sugacioiT
prudent, firm, energetic, and every way fit
ted for tho times : and the peoplo may re-
ly confidently upon tho assuranco that he
win oe lound equal to any political cmer
gency. For ourselves, wo look forward
trustingly to his administration for measures
soon to bo adopted, which will ensuro to
tho country a quick return of prosperity :
not a seeming prosperity, resting fur sup
port on bubbles which will explode on the
first slight shock in tho commercial world,
but substantial prosperity, gradual in its
advances and durable in its strength, upon
wnicn tno "papers piutus may thunder in
In turning to the local politics of Michi
gan, and tracing the riso and progress of
panics irom me nrst step towards tho lorm
ationofour constitution to the present time
wo find much causo for congratulation that
tho democratic party has had the ascend
ancy in our councils. In looking for tho
fruit of its success, it rnay bo found in tho
liberal principles of our constitution--an
instrument which will immortalize the De
mocratic Convention which framed it, as
tho authors above all otlters for tho princi.
ties it inculcates, and the freedom it secures,
t may bo found in the rapid settlement and
improvement of our territory with an intel.
ligent and enterprising people, rich in the
rewards of their labor, and happy in the
consciousness that they live nnder one of
the most liberal and beneficent political
systems of the ace. It may bo found in
our broad projected system of internal im.
provement, which, embracing all sections
of the stato in tho benefits it contemplates
promises to make our peninsula the garden
of tho west. It may be seen in our admi-
rablo Iaw3 for tho accumulation and invest
ment of our munificent resources for edu
cation, constituting a system which will
make our primary schools free to the youth
of Michigan. It may bo found in our gen
eral system of banking, which is based up
on tho soundest genera! principles, and
v'ncii, wiin sucn iurmcr provisions lor tno
publicsccurity as experience will soon sug
gest; will render it the most safe and popu
lar system of banking, which has ever been
adopted. In fine, the result of tho ascend
ancy of the democratic party may bo found
in every public mcasuro which has raised
Michigan f;om an unregarded territory of
the general government to her present po
sition as an equal and prosperous member
of tho Union. Hal the federal party dur
ing this time been predominant in ourcoun-
cils.how different probably would have been
our condition. Instead of being what wo
now are, a flourishing member of tho con
federacy, wo should most likely have re-
i a i i if
maineu yci a poor anu ucgraucu province,
distracted with internal dissensions, without
prosperity at homo and without character
or credit abroad. Or even had wo now
been under a constitution moulded by their
hands, it would have been unworthy of tho
times and unsuited to the republican spirit
of our people. Instead of tho liberal fea
tures which now adorn it. it would have
been disfigured with aristocratic paovisions
the right of suffrage would havo been do
tcrmined by anti-republican tests, and a
largo class of tho intelligent population
which now enjoy within our borders a hap.
py homo and make our fields blossom like
the rose, would have been driven to seek a
refuge under the auspices of more republi.
In order to carry out tho measures of
tho general government and continue the
policy of this stato as it has been thus far
prosecuted, your delegates in Convention
assembled, have again nominated for your
suffrages STEVENS T. MASON for Go
vernor ; EDWARD MUNDY for Lieut.
Governor, and ISAAC E. CRARY for
Representative to Congress. In again pre
senting tho names of these gentlemen as
candidates for reelection to tho responsible
offices which they now hold, the Convention
were governed, in tho first place, by what
they believed to bo your clearly expressed
wishes, and in the second, by their own
senso of tho high qualifications of tho nom
inees. Wo were aware that these gentle
men were chosen by you with unexampled
unanimity to tho stations which they now
occupy, and we could find nothing in the
course of their public lifo to forfeit, but ra
ther much to increase, tho confidence which
was then reposed in them.
In STEVENS T. MASOtf tho Convcn
tion recognized a faithful public servant, who
has always been zealously engaged in the
causo of the peoplo in Michigan, contending
for their rights as citizens and as a state.
From the earliest movements of tho inhabi
tants of this peninsula to throw off their
territorial system and assume tho rights of
self-government as an independent state, ho
has nlways been found in tho front rank,
fighting for our principles. In manifesting
your, con .idenco in his ability, and your
approval of this patriotic course as acting
governor of tho late terrritory, you elected
him almost unanimously, the first chief
magistrate of tho stato. And, siuco his el
evation to that responsible office, his official
acts havo been in conformity with the whole
tenor of his former, public life. The gen
eral adoption of the measures which ho Ins
recommended to tho consideration of tho
legislature, aflurds t!io b;:st evidence that
his duties havo been performed tis well in
accordanco with tho opinions of tho peoplo
as they havo to tho advancement of tho
best interests of the state.
In presenting you with tho namo of ED.
WARD MUNDY for reelection to tho
office of Lieutenant Governor, wc offer
you a candidate who has always been iden.
tificd with tho democratic party of tin's stato
in its struggles for territorial and stato
rights. Mr. Mundy was ono of tho mem
bers of tho Convention which formed tho
consliwiion of this state, Aid h g lined, (n
that body a favorabld reputation for the
liberality of principles and tho sound,
ncss of his judgment. Approving" ofhU
services in tho Convention, tlio peoplo e.
lected him by a decisivo vote to tho station
which ho now holds. Tho public duties
of tho Liouicnant Governor constat chiefly
in presiding over tho deliberations of tha
senate, arid every ono who has witnessed
tho manner in which Mr4 Mundy has dis.
charged that duty will bear testimony tt)
tho dignity and ability with which ho ha
performed tho duties of tho chair", or en.
gaged in discussion on tho floor of the sen.
As tho democratic candidate for Repre
scntativo to Congress, tho Convention havo
again placed before you the namo of I.
SAAC, E. CRARY, tho Uw member.
Liko tho other members of tlld ticket, Mr.
Crary was among the most adilvo and ef.
ficientofour citizens in urging tho early
adoption of preliminary measures fof tho
establishment of tho stato Government.
lly tho partiality of his immediate fellow
citizens ho was chosen a delegate to tho
Convention which formed our Constition,
where ho was distinguished for his ablo and
eloquent support of tho sound republican
principles which characterize that instru.
ment. In approbation of tho talents and
ability which he displayed in that body, ho
was elected tho first Representative of tho
Stato in Congress. And though from his
late admission to his scat in tho House, hd
enjoyed no opportunity to vindicate, Irt
that body tho injured rights of its constU
tuents he yet exerted a powerful influ
ence in behalf of our cause with men of
all parties, and particularly with tho repub.,
lican members of Congress. His defenco
of tho rights of Michigan to tho disputed
territory, before the judiciary committee of
tho Houso of Representatives, where ho
contended two days, single-handed, against
tho master spirit of the Ohio delegation, was
pronounced, by all who heard it, a masterly
effort in support of our rights, creditable a.
liko to tho character of tho Stato and to
tho abihte.3 of tho Representative.
Objections havo been mado against tho
ticket above nominated for your support,
that it partakes of a local character. Ad.
mitting even that this were true, we belie vo
that tho history of tho public lifo df tho
nominees, in tho stations they now fill, af.
fords abundant testimony that they aro in.
capablo of being influenced by sectional
interests or local feelings in tho discharge
of any public trust which may bo reposed
in them. Tho names of Governor Mason
and Lieutenant Governor Mundy signed
to tho Internal Improvement Bill, passed at
tho last annual session of tho Legislature
show that tlicy regard tho interests of each
and every section of tho Stato as tho ob.
ject of their public duties. And, in regard
to Air. Chary, the candidate for Cong."css,
his central position alono would indicate that
ho can havo no- local or sectional interests
to promoto in his capacity as Represcn.
lauvc. yvnu wo navo naci occasion to Know
that whilo at Washington, both in tho Uouso
and out of i Mr. Crary, in connection
with our Senators, indefatigable in his ex
ertions to obtain appropriations to improvo
tho harbor at Monroe, to establish a light,
houso at tho mouth of Clinton river and '
improvo the navigation of that stream, and,
in short to obtain tho aid of Congress for
tho construction of all thoso improvements
desired by our citizens in every portion of
the State. .
That the ticket abovo recommended to
your support, will meet with tho violent dp.
position of tho enemies of tho democratic
party is, as a matter of course, to bo ex.
pectcd. Awaro of the impotency of their
labors to wound tho principles of democra
cy their policy is to aim all their shafts at
the men selected by tho people to carry
those principles into effect. It has been
one of tho marked peculiarities of tho po.
litical history of Michigan, that the federal
organs havo uniformly waged a bitter and
relentless personal warfaro upon tho indi
viduals who havo stood highest in tho fix
vor and confidence of the people. Liko
tho ambitious Grecian general, who was
unablo to enjoy reposo because his moro
worthy rival had excelled him in winning a
glorious victory for tho Republic, so they
cannot rest because the democratic party
has gained tho honor of advancing tho
Stato so rapidly forward in her prosperous
career. In tho natural gratification of
this unhappy feeling, it is to bo expected
that they will assail, with reckless violence,
tho popular candidates for public trusts,
whoso exertions have been most effectual
in acquiring for thoS:ato tho character and
prosperity which it enjoys.
Democrats of Michigan
Tho contest in which wo aro now cnga.
ging cannot bo doublful, if you will per
form your duties to yourselvoj at tho polls.
Tho history of tho last year, in tho politics
of Michigan, should warn you against re-
maining inactive at elections in which tho
principles of popular rights aro in vol
Tho old and uniform cnimics of demo
cy aro putting in requisition all tho means
in their power to striko at popular rights by
the defeat of our candidates, and it is a
duty which you owo to yourselves to rally
in their support and securo their triumphant
election. If it bo difficult for tho farmers
to leave their business at tho election, tho
honor of tho S:ato & their own interests re.
quirothat they should chcorfully make tho
sacrifice. If wc would preserve and protect
tho free principles oa which tho democrat
ic party is founded, wo must act with the c
tenia! vigilanco which is tho guaranty and
tin prico of liberty.
The lule Election. Wo understand tliat
a statement of tho illegal manner in which
tho lata election in tho third district was
conducted, will shortly bo presented to tho
public. Tho rights of tho legal voters of
that district havo been outraged and wo
hopo tha, measures will bo adopted to
bring tho oilbndoM to justice. renntyU
Tho latest monstrocity is that of a man
in Vermont, so tall that ho can't tell when
his to.s aic coM.
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