Newspaper Page Text
Trom th Hartford Times.
CONGRESS. . I. have supposed that the principal if not the only business of tho extra session, will be to urrango tho system of finmcv, which has been thrown out of gear by tho failure of tho banks. Tho management of finan. cial interests, iti till countries, end under , al! forms of civil policy, is tho most difficult concern of government. In most coim. tries tho difficulty consists in raising tho ineccssary revenues' from tin people, for which purpose ministers havo "studied ma hy devices." Tho minister who could .levy iho mosfmoney from ihe people, wtih- out exciting a clamor ; who could dovi.o t'te most artful and insidious means of ex tracting money, 60 that whilst tho peoplo were oppressed and impoverished by taxa tion, they could not discover the hand that imposed tho heavy burdens upon them, was re!Tareea us inc. niosi no o unan tier, and often the most ronular nmiistcr. Our situation at least, for soma years, has been tho reverse of this; tha dilli. culty experienced has been, to reuueo and keep down tho revenue, and to take caro of tt when collected. Tho cliflicul. ty is not in tho collection, bot in the depo 8ito and ' eafo keeping, of, tho public reve nuc. Much is said, about tho financial sys tem of tho government, and in general, 1 "think, with very vague notions of what that svstcm constats. It. mnrht natural! v uo supposed, that tho financial system of the country meant, primarily, tlio various laws .of taxation whether direct or indirect, and the manner of cxecut'ms those laws. -But . this is not tho case in tho United States; -our financial system, has no connection with tho collection of tho revenue, whether from tho cusloms or public lands, but re . lutes merely to tho deposite, safe keeping. transmission" and disbursement of t.io pub lie funds, and to tho currency in which the 'J collection and disbursements shall bo made. ' The net incorporating tho Uar.k of tho U '.nitcd States in 181G, established a financial system, which consisted virtually, in con Btituting that bank, tho Treasury of the U- nitcd Slates, and the agent for conduct ring all the monetary concerns of the trov eminent. All public funds were required to bo deposited in that bank, (except . those collected where it had no branch) it ; was its duty to transmit funds where they t might be wanted, and its notes were made ' a lawful tender (in violation of tho spirit of trie constitution) tor uu taxes nnu uucs 10 - tho government. The duties of the Corn missioncr of loans, wero transferred to the bank, which also had discharged thoso of Pension agent. In early all tho money transactions of the government, except thy collection of tho revenue, wore ncrtorrnoa bv a monicd corporation. These' duties constituted an important and hijihlv res ponsiblo part of tho public service. The bank became an agent or an officer of the federal government, charged with somo o highest and most responsible functions of tho government. Wa3 not this whole pro cccding manifestly in violation of tho con stitution? What security had tho public that these trusts would not be abused. Tho usual guarantees which the Constitution has I provided, did not apply to a corporation, t could not bo impeached ; it had no char, acter, pcrsenal or political, to maintain ; the acts of a corporation arc not tho act3 of any individual who may bo held accounta ble. They aro not tho acts of the stockhold crsinorofthodircctors.individually or collec tively, nor are they tho acts of the Presi dent, or other officers of the bank ; - but they arc tho acts i-f the corporation, a mere legal abstraction. It is clear that such a 'fictitious, ideal person must be entirely ex empt, not only from impeachment and all moral restraint, but it is entirely removed from those restraining and salutary influen ces, that b.'long to aa independent press, w hich is ono of tho moot essential parts of every fiee government: In theory, there fore, this financial system was bad, and in volved a double violation of the constitution, firbt, in creating a corporation, and second ly in devolving upon it some of tho highest lutics of tho government, which should havo been discharged by officers, who would bo held to all tho checks and rcspon. fiibilitics, personal or political, which the constitution and tho laws have provided. How did this system work in its practical operation ? So far as regards tho mero discharge of tho services required, it may bo admitted that for a time it went on well enough ; tho bank received the public funds, transmitted them to points where they were wanted, and paid them out on the drafts of tho Treasurer. Receiving and using tho public funds, without any compensation, tho bank was deriving largo profits from its co-partnership with tho government, and every thing went on liko clock-work. Put tho moment tho bank found it had interests, adverso to thosi of tho government, were . witnessed tho consequeuccs of employing a totally irresponsible and powerful ngcnt,and entrusting to it, the entire funds of tho gov crnmcnt. Money .is power ; indeed, all power. according to Henry Clay, maybe resolved into that of tho purse. With a capital of thirty five, millions, ten or fifteen in private deposites, and reinforced by tho entire revenue of tho government, it wield ed tho entire monicd power of tho country.'. Mr. liiddle stated, under oath, to acorn tnittco of Congress, that it could at any time, break any of tho stato banks. When tho Executive, in conformity to Rn express provision of its charter, direct ed tho witholding of the deposites from the United Stales Hank, in 1833, so confident was the institution of its strength that it undertook to resist tho measure, and ar- ray itself against the Government, to which it owed its existence. Tin's brought on tho : panic Dank war of 1834, tho most numo. rablo struggle in the history of this or. any other country. It is perhaps, the first ex ample on record of tho entiro moneyed power of a great nation, directed by ore central will, being brought to bear on pop ular sentiment, to eflbct by its agency a ci vil revolution. It is suilicient to remark as - to tho power of tho b;mk, th it for a tinrs the contest was a doubtfubonc. notwith standing tho country had tho udi-antaga of ono of tho most energetic and popular Chief ' Magistrates, which has ever filled tha pres. ' denrial chair. In this groat struggle a largo .' portion of tlw power of tho bank, nrojo from tho fact that it was tho fiscal agent of tho United States, and had at that timo a. bout nine millions of tho people' money in its wilts. This faithful ogent, refused to deliver over tho Pension Pun J, or tho Hooks and Rolls belonging to tho Pension Agcn. cy ;it also witheld ono hundred and fifty thousand dollars of tho United States divi. dend, on tho pretence that it had a claim to damages on a bill drawn on the French Government. .Had its factious and treas. onablo purposes required it, it might hy somo other pretext, equally sound, witncid tho whole funds of tho uovernmcnt. oucn wore the- consequences of entrusting ths lunus and counuing an important Drancn of the public revenue to an irresponsible corporation. . This crcat crisis, ana tho im- m:nent peril wr.icu attended it, occurred in n timo of profound pcaco and unusual pros. crtty. What might cot tho momod pow er have cIL'ctcd in timo of war, or civil commotion T . This question is answered by Mr. Joflorsoa Mii might havo upset tho Uovernincnt. bliall wo bo insensibto to tlw danger of such an institution, and es pecially Irom the connection of tho Gov- crnm jut with it, becauso tho country C3 cap2d ruin. Shall wo forget that a furious storm has pissed ovor tho country, even w.i.lit tho traces or its desolation aro every whero vtill visikhi ? Patriotism forbid it. Lot not tho conflict with tho moneyed pow. er in 1834, bu regarded as an ordinary party contest. It was altogether a dif ferent strugglo and must ever iorm an im portant era in the political history of the country. But notwithstanding tliRso indisputable facts, Congress will bo called on, hy nu merous memorials, to establish a Natioin Dank. .Will it give a favorablo response to this call from tho bankrupt merchants brokers, brokers and speculators of the country? Will tho Representatives of the people, mistake tho insolent and trothy clamours of a few interested classes, for tho voico of tho peoplo? Can they forget tho repeated decisions of tho majority on this question i or win tnoy discover any tmng in recent events which is. calculated to chango thoso determinations ? All those questions carry their o,vn answers. I, for one, cannot believe it possiblo that the rep resentatives of tho people, can by any in- trigue, management or corruption, if that may bo supposed, bo induced to incorporate a National Dank at this time, whilst the country is smarting under tho wounds in- dieted upon its interests, its peace and its honor by tho United States Dank. I trust, thereforo,that this exploded financial schemo will not bo revived, that a just and sacred regard to tho liberties of the country, and tho purity of its free institutions, with high minded and patriotic legislators, will out weigh nil tho boasted advantages of a Na tional Dank, wero they as great as its most zealous advocates claim, and ronder them as mere dust upon the balat.ee. What I havo to say regarding another financial scheme, that of tho agency of Stato Banks 1 must postpone to another occasion. A. D. Trom the Albany Argus. Mr. Editor I had the gratification ves terdav of sccinirand hearing tho lmn. D.in iol Webster for tho first time, and so far as his personal appcaranco and manner of speaking aro concerned, was truly delight ed. But the matter of his speech iu many particulars, was an insult to tho intelligent audienco who listened to him, and highly uerogauve io an aspirant to tno lSxecu live isiiutr oi tno iation. Timo wil not allow a general notice of his performance, wnich was vulnerable In so many points but I beg to call tho attention of your read ers to the opening of his address, in which ho unblushingly alleged that tho present pc cuniary embarrassment was charged among other cau-ea to "over production. Ilav ing reared this " man ot straw, ho essayed its demolition by pompously proclaiming mat m me course oi nis tour uirough the country, ho has seen no evidence that pco pie navo more "wheat, beer and pork than tncy wanted." Most astonishing discove ry ! Verily a "Daniel has come to iudg ment." Who, let mo ask, has complained oi oyer production as tho cause or our po cuniary difficulties ? Nobody. A lack o production has been truly cited as one, and a principal cause or tho Jatc and present pressure ; though it suited tho purpose of tne orator to iho "over instead of undir production yesterday. Such disingenuous ncss m little men is disgusting,' but in great ones most contemptibly. His tautology on tho subject of an "cx clusivcly metallic currency, bot rayed any thing but an anxious desiro" to enlighten tho people by tli3 adduction of arguments has cd upon facts. This was another man of straw, in whoso destruction tho gentleman seemed to take vast delight. But tho re fleeting man will ask, "Did the late admin islration seek or proposo to establish an exclusive metallic currency?" No man can with truth answer tho question affirm ativcly. What then becomes of M. Web s'cr s remarks on this subject ? They havo not the remotest relation to tho measures which ho professed to bo examining. It was a lamo uttempt to blind tho eyes of the peopio to the true question at issue. But must refrain from further animadversion at present, and will only add that Mr. Webs tor's presidential prospects will not bo brightened by this specimen of his sophis iry anu misrepresentation. Anti Humbug. From the Ann Arhor Argut, FOREIGN EMIGRANTS. Tho following is an extract from tho communication of the new Whig Mayor ot tho city ol iNcw York to tho Common Council, dated Juno 5:h, 1837 : By chap. 50, sec. 10, of tho laws and ordinances of tno city of New-York, it is enacted that m all cases where tho mayo snail deem it expedient to commute for alien passengers arriving at this nort. in stead of requiring indemnity bonds ho is authorished to rcccivo such sum, in lieu of sucn bondj, as ho shall deem adequate, not less than one ilo.lar, nor moro than ten dollars for each passenger. 44 1 deem it my duty to inform tho Com mon Council, that it is my intention hereof. l?r, in all cases where it would not be tin. reasonable, to require and demand ten dol lars such commulalionfroin each alien pasicngcr." ' In uiKi'Jier part of h3 'communication, after having fxutowed plentiful nbuso upon th por ahvn for daring to seek in this as- sylu n of liberty this land of plenty a rcspito from want and oppression, ho con. tinues : " I cannot doubt . that all our citizens, both nativo and those wo have adopted, must abhor to see this blood-bought land of liberty and hope forcibly made the com mon resort and finally tho general resi dence, of the drones, lazzaroni, conspira tors, agrarians, revolutionary incendiaries and fugitives from iustico from various parts of tho old word." A pretty string of epithets to be applied indiscriminately to , all alien passengers ; for in his whole address-not ono word is said in favor of the prudent, the honest and tho respectable poor men ; who ovcry body nows compose a largo class ot auen emu grants. Uut these persons must remain on ship-board until they can pay to tneso ity author ties ten dollars a head tor tho privilego of landing, that they may seek their friends in tho country, and find them- selves honest employment. But the may. or, as mayors sometimes will do in spite of every caution, rather showed tho cloven foot, wh:n ho said in tho same address : ' And if foreign paupers and vagrants como hero for political purposes, it is proof irresistible that our naturalization laws ought to bo immediately rcvisod, and tho term of residenco greatly extended to qual. if y them to vole or hold cjjice. L nis is and always lias been tho whig doctrine. Their language to tho alien is wo havo no objections to your coming to this coiintry, if you will &o to work and mako our rail roads and canals: it you will work hard every day and just mind your business, pcrtorm your tasic under somo overseer, and be thankful lor your ray when you get it, well and good, but (Isn't rejoice that you have thrown ofFthe shackles of despotism ; forget that you are mon, lest, feeling that you aro such, and be ing told by us that all men are born equal ly free, you should begin to think that you nave, or ought to navo 6omo political rignts. Don t think of going to the polls and de claring in tho faco of heaven and earth, and under the constitution ot the land, that you aro freemen, that in your blood now runs a portion oi mat sovereignly wnicn heaven vested in man as tho rightful lord of tin earth at tho day of its creation. . If you do the constitution must bo altered, until you learn that under whig notions, tho bill of rights ordained by tho fathers of the American revolution was not meant for tho poor, tho alien emigrant. Tho shin plaster party allege that tho measures adopted by the administration have been the means of bringing an undue amount of specio into the country, and they have tho audacity at the same time, to chargo tho administration with having by .ts measures, caused tho suspcntion of spe cie payments by tho banks, and the intro. auction ot sum piasters into circulation in placo of gold and silver, lhcy might as well assert that tho introduction of too largo a quantity of provisions into tho country would produco a stato of starvation. It must bo perfectly manifest to every mind that the introduction of a largo amount of specie into the country, can never bo the moans of introducing shin plasters into cir culation, and consequently that the allcga tions of the shin plaster party on tho sub ject aro not only untrue, but perfectly ridic u'ous. Hall, liepubucan. American Houses in England. -This term is not generally understood. Mercan tilo establishments trading to tho East In dies, aro called "East India Houses," to the West Indies, "West India Houses, "and to America, "American Houses." Tho house of Wilson & Co. wo aro told, has not an American in it, and vet a large por tion of the cotton business is done by that house, and is called ono of tho "American Houses. Of tho many partners in the va rious prominent firms trading to America, wo behove ihcro ore but three or four indi viduals who wero born in the United States, Messrs. Bates, Wiggins, and ono or two others and yet they are called American houses. Much has been said by somo of the pa pers as to the kindness of the "British gov ernmcnt" and tho Bank of England in as sisting the "American Houses," "foreigners as they were," dec. It i3 a great act of kindness, truly, in commercial operations when, on balancing accounts, tho amount due cither party is demanded in specie and when the indebted nartv is made bank rupt because ho is unable to pay it, although ho oners ample security in cotton, rice, to bacco, pot and pearl ashes, and other sta pics of tho country, to which he trades There is unfair play about this business someu-here. Wo have repeatedly said that American merchrets owe nearly tho who! of their commercial distress to tho collusion of tho two groat Banks, and we have seen nothing to change, but, on tho contrary. every thing to confirm our opinion. N. Y. limes, Juy 12. The way they punish steamboat murderers in England. The Coroner and Jury who have inquired into the bursting of the steam boiler of the Union steamer, at Hull, havo rendered a verdict of manslaughter against tho Lmginecr. 1 he Coroner and tho Fore man of the jury also waited on tho Mayor of Hull, at tlie Mansion House, when the Coroner, addressing tho chief magistrate said, "Sir, we come for the purpose of pre scntmg a requisition, emanating from my. self, as coroner, and tho jury. . The object of this requisition is to request you to call a meeting of tho inhabitants, to take into consideration the strong necessity of peti tioning Parliament to protect tho public. as lar as possime, irom a recurrence of events so awful. It was the opinion of tho jury and my own, that legsilative interfcrenco is loudly called for; for, if it bo needful to license pilots and regulate stage coaches, it appears to us that it is still more necessary to bo assured, by similar means, ot tho proper qualification of tho parties having tho management and con trol of so powerful, and in this instanco, so devastating an engine, and I am suro you consent will not for a moment be withheld on a subject so important." And in tho same excellent spirit, tho Mayor ex pressed his perfect concurrcnco in tho oh ject of tlje requisition, and appointed a day tor tho proposed meeting. Another New Stale.---Another star, it believed, will soon bo added to tho Amcri can constellation. Tho New Orleans Deo says, it is pretty well ascertained that Flori da, notwithstanding tho detriment done by h3r by tha r Jtl.I jss wur waged within her bor dcrs, is about to take steps to become a free member of our confederacy. , Iter popula tion is understood to be suflicidnt to entitle her to that privilege, and although a con vention has not yet been called, thero is not a doubt but that early provision will be made for that purpose Plul. rennsyl. vuman. New wheat, from King Gcorco countv Va., has been sold in Frederick sburgh at 91 u per imshol. DEMOfiBATK OF COllSTAtlTIME REPUBLICAN. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 1, 1937. . FOE GOVERNOR, STEVENS T. MASON. FOE LIEUT. GOVERNOR, EDWARD MUNDY. FOE CONOR ESS, ISAAC E. CRARY. DEMOCRATIC CKNTEAL CORRESPONDING COMMITTEE t Messrs. C. LANCASTER, DIGDY V. BELL, I. It. TOLL, T. W, LANG LEY, and S.W.TRUESDELL. COMMITTEE OF VIGILANCE FOE EACH TOWN S . ij Town of Leonidu, -,. Isaac G. Bailey, ' " VJairus Pierce. Town of Nottaway, William Mottram, Benjamin Sherman. Town of Buck's. Cyrus Ingersont George Buck. Town of White Pigoon, ' Daniel Howell, Chapman Yates, Town of Constantino, William C. Pease, Daniel Munger. Town of Colon, L. C. Matthews, Daniel Hogan. Town of Flowerfield, Mr. Woodruff,' . Mr. Foot. Town of Florance, Albert H. Strong, Jehicl Dimick. Town of Mottvillo, W. A. Sanger, Abraham Riecert. Town of Sherman, . Oliver Raymond, John Sturgess. Marshall Liccrmore. (rCORRECTION..C (r Senatorial Convention to be holden at ScJioolcrqft instead of Kalamazoo, and to be one month later than the time specified in the previous notice. The Convention was called at Kalamazoo on the 4th day of September, and the Central Cor. responding Committoo have now changsd the time to the 4th 4y of October next, and the place of meeting to Schoolcraft. We think, ourselves, the placo of holding Conventions should bo dcci ded by a vote when the delegates are assembled and that September would be too early for the Convention. We copy the following articlo from tha Kalamazoo Gazette, on that subject also the call for tho Convention, as corrected : 0"The Domocratic Senatorial Convention for the third Sonatorial District, will be held at Schoolcraft, at Mr. John Dix's hotel, on the 4th day ot October next, at two o'clock, P. M., and not as stated in our l a cr last week. Those who have noticed, will please correct. SENATORIAL CONVENTION. Notice is hereby given, that a Convcn tion will bo held at Scdoolcraft, on the 4th day of October next, at two o'clock P. M., to nominate a suitable person for Sen alor for tho ihird Senatorial District, in placo of Calvin Britain, whoso term of service expires "in December next. The different counties in said Senatorial Dis. trict, aro requested to send delegates to this Convention. It is important that all the Counties should be represented. By order of Democratic Central Cor responding Committee. Kalamazoo, July 29, 1837. We have fortunately pickod up a piece of poo. try which suits the times exactly. The timo is now drawing near when Democrats must act. Next Monday and Tuesday the election is to take place. Then . , FREEMEff! TO THE POLES!! Tune "Brutes Address." Lo ! the wave of faction rolls t Onward to the op'ning polls, Yeomanry of noble souls ! "Stem the wayward stream. Raise a dam and dam the tido, Ere a flood it stretches wido, O'er the country of our pride, Or Liberty's a dream. Proud aristocrats combine, . , , To level freedom's sacred shrine, And the fabrick undermine, Of our Liberty. Freemen! onward to the spot ! Whigs and Bankites ne'er forgot, Expose thoir foul accursed plot, .To bind in chains the free. Biddle's chains are chains of gold Whis art bought and whigs are sold ; Bankite ftctionists are bold, In base scurrility. ' Democrats are firm and free! None but Heaven bends their knoe ! They scorn corruption's currency, . And Whig" servility. Onward, freemen! to the polls! No money 'd paw'r your vote controls . Inscrib'd upon those little scrolls, CRARY and Liiirtt 1 Down with the Whigs and Bankites go! Each Jackson vote 's a fatal blow, To proud Columbia's daring foe Dcmoceati it Free! REPOBLICflM RHOfJATIOM. CALHOUN COUNTY. THE ELECTION. We are constantly in receipt of the most cheer. ing news from all parts of the county, and in fact from all parts of the state, with regard to the coming election for member of Congress. St. Joseph County will bo found purely Domocratic. Our friends of Whita Pigeon and Buck's town, ship are wide awake, as will be seen by letters published in to-day's paper, which wo have receir. ed from those towns. Sherman township will give a heavy majority for Mr. Crary. In Nota. way, Loonidas, Colon, Mottvillo, Florence and Flowerfield, the Democrats are up and doing. The Whigs are making a powerful, effort for thoir candidates, but it will not do Democracy must and will triumph, and Federalism is doom od. Lot the Democrats turn out and GENER. AL CRARY will have a majority of five to one. In Cass county all will be well thsy bave some of the real simon puro Democrats in that County, and they are up and doing. In Branch County, Gen. Crary will got nearly all the votes. In Kalamazoo the Whigs are making a powerful of fort, but it is all in vain the Democrats will use them up entirely. In Berrien County the Whigs are making a great noise, but it will be "great cry and little wool." Mr. Crary's majority will be immense there, notwithstanding all their ef forts. From Monroe County we have the fol. lowing cheering news, taken from the Monroe Times, which spoaks for itself: MONROE DEMOCRATIC MEET ING. "UNITED WE STAND." The undersigned Democratic citizens of Mon. roe County, would requost that a meeting of the ucmocrauc sectors uiroucuoui me countv mav take place at the Court llouso in Monroe, on Wednesday tho lbth mat. at 2 o'clock, r. M., to give a general expression of the views of the par ty, with regard to the administration of tho Gen eral and State Governments, and the candidates now before the people. The undersigned believe it high timo that the Democratic Party were more thoroughly organized preparatory to the contest this tall. Tho old I cderal Junto have thrown aside their hypocritical garb of democra cy, and entered the field as our open enemies ; and it is to be hoped they will hereafter right un der their own colors, and n?vcr again attempt to creep into our ranks. Let us arouse from our lethargy, and act vigorously, promptly, and har moniously, and the victory is out. Monroe, Attached to this notice there are rising two hundred names, among which we find tho names of Laurent Durocher, L. S. Humphrey, Goo. B. Ilarlston, Eliphalct Clark, B. F. Southwick, JciK G. Thurbcr, Gilbert Palmer, Edw. D. Ellis, Seba Murphy, II. V. Man, A. Morton, John Duffield, J. W. Alsxandcr, Alpheus Felch. The most of these gontlemcn, as well as many others of the list, are well known in Western Michigan, and it will give our friends much plea, sure to see that they have taken hold of the mat ter of sustaining the regular nomination, with so much spirit. The Whigs, when they made thoir nominations calculated Iargoly upon the support of the Demo cratic party for their candidate for Liout, Gover- nornor on account of his being a resident of Mon roe but how disappointod now. Their only hopes were to divide the democratic ranks by tho locality of their nominees but Io snd behold their projects have all failed their hopes are all blas ted and the Domocrats are decidedly too old for them. The voice from Monroo and St. Clair should be enough to shut their mouths on that subject. 0Tho following lottor, nceivod from Three Rivers, was not intended for publication, but as our readers will doubtless like to hear how mat. ters ore going up that way, wo have thought pro. per to insert it. Three Rivers, August 8, 1837. Ma. Editor : I wish you would pend us up some tickets by the bearer ; wo shall havo some opposition here, but we shall carry tha day ; as farmers will have to do tho most of it soma of the town folks think that theso hard times have all been brought about by tho general government but wo can sec farther into a mill stono than all that. I think tho town of Bucks will give a large majority for CRARY. I supported a cer tain man last fall for the legislature who pre. tended to be a democrat, but his acts have shown us the contrary. I was deceived. I am perfect, ly satisfied now. I have always lived up to tha true Jeffersonian democratic principles, and as long as 1 live to act shall abide by them as nearly as possible. ' Now while I am writing, I must give you cred. it for your former courso with regard to local matters. With a political paper, particularly, it is the only corroct course. I have noticed, that ever since your paper was started you have al ways spoken well of all the neighboring villages in the county. It has gained your paper many friends in this section. If you have time write and lot me know how election is going in your town. Very Respectfully, Your ob't. serv't. For the Constantino Republican. Me. Monger, Sir : The election is going off in this town first rate we are democrats to the core here. The whigs are few and far be twecn. Mr. CRARY, the regularly nominated democratic candidate, will recoive an overwhelm, ing majority in this town. We know here who is who, and what is what. Depend upon it we shall carry a strong team. We have nover (had what could bo called a fair tost as yet, but now we will show them a thing or two. Thoro will be a groat many votes polled, and Mr. Crary will have nearly all. The whigs - themselves here do not know, or hardly ever heard of the man nominated for tbcm to support, (Mr. Wells.) To be sure they know he was a member of the Convention to form the constitution, but he nev er said " boo" all the time he was thero. A pret ty man that, to send to Congress from the state of Michigan. . O. P. Q. White Pigeon, August 11, 1837. ETTho Address of the Democratic State Con. vention will be found on our first page. It is s sound ropoblican document. ETThe article under tl head of "Con grow," from tho Hartford Times, will t found worthy a perusal. 4 DEMOCRATIC MEETING, AT COIYSTANTIHE. The Union it muet and shall be preserved. Andrew Jackion. The undersigned, citizens of tho town of Constantinei would respectfully request that a meeting of the Democratic Electors, of this town, may take place, at Hunt's Hotel, in tho village of Constantine, on Saturday Ecning, the 19th inst., at 7 o'- clock, P. M., tojgive a general expression of the views of the party, with regard to the administration of the General and State Governments, and the candidates now be fore tho people. Constantine, August 15, 1837. John G. Cathcart, Daniel Munger, John Harrison, Watson Sumner, Erastus Thurber, " Allen Goodridgo, II. K. Kcan, Charles S. Adams, Julius Porter, Albert Chandler, John C. Fory, Isaac J. Ullmann, John P. Gladding, William Henry, Daniel Woodworth, Jefferson Nash, D. T. Holmes, Truxton Swena, Malon Hay wood, Thomas Charlton, M.H.Barton, A. Woods, Adam Henderson, " Francis Bungay, Danicld Arnold, William F. Arnold, William .Hamilton Robert Hamilton, John Hamilton, George B. Burnett, Robert Crawford, sen., Robert Crawford, Jr., E. Baum, Hiram Lindsley, Joshua Hardist, David Miller, John Miller, William II. Adams, Samuel Dorrance, P. L. Balday, John McMillan, Charles Robinson, Harvey Hunt, James M. Hunt, D. Billinghurst, Schuyler Hunt, ' Gcorgo Palms, John S. Kcan, William Nash, Henry E. Root, Henry Broadley, Joseph Underwood, F. Cowdery, Erastus Hart, . Nathan Syas, John S. Barry, William C. Pease, Joseph Nichols, R. B. Willoughby, George Kemmerling, David Higgins. , William George. MISSISSIPPI ELECTION. We take the following gratifying intclligenc3 fgom the Louisville Advertiser, with regard to tha Mississippi Election t "Claiborne has been elected by an ovorwholm. ing majority, and it is said the other democratic candidate has also succeeded. To the friends of the free institutions of the country we say, stand firm-be cool, collected, de termined. Unless tho federal party ba correct, in pronouncing the people incompetent to govern themselves, it is impossible for the advocates of the banking and credit systems to accomplish tho objects they have in view. We have received the following additional re. turns i Counties. Adams Lowndes, Kemper partial, Monroo, Choctaw, Oakland, Noxube, Democratic. 584 . ' 163 341 .. 283 130 maj. C4 1565 Whig. maj. 3t9 363 S3 92 60 37 944 Tho following confirmation of the above news we take from the Courier and Enquiror, a Whig paper I Miaietippi Election -Tho only additional information brought by the Express Mail, of the election in Mississippi, i contained in tho following extract from the Augusta Con. sritutionalist (a Van Buren paper) of the first instant. . "Mississippir-llf this days's western mail, we have received Mississippi papers containing returns from Lowndes, Kemper, Monroe, Choc taw, and several other Counties, of the election for membhrs of Congress. Messrs. Gholson and Claiborne, the Van liuren candidatcs,were ear. rying every thing b)fore them." ALL HAIL DETROIT ! WHIGS TRIUMPHANT ! ! THE CITY HEVOLUTIOMZED! REDEEMED !i TORYISM DEFUNCT !! The Election resulted most gloriously fat the Whi? cause. Tneodoro Williams, the Whisr can. didatefor JUSTICE OK THE PEACE, was elected by a majority of fifty-one votes over Petef Dosnoycr, the regularly nominated canaioaie ot the Tory party sDetrot Advertiser. Ha! Hat Ha!! 'Bomtastes Furioee-,- was you not more than "three sheets in the wind," or vulgarly speaking was you not most gloriously drunk when you wrote that article? ' " They say that the Whigs were so tremendously bamboozled," the night of the election that (hey could not even hang on tho "lamp posts,"-and finally had to take to the gutters. We could not expect any thing elso from "all the decency," all the talent," "all tho respectability, and all the wealth." The truth is, there were only about 800 votes polled. The Democrats thinking the office of Justice of the Peace of but little conse quence, did not turn out. Another thing there- are a great many of the Democratic party in that city who are mechanics, voriing.men, who have to live by their labor, and time with them is pre. cious. lney will turn oui on iniponam ciec tions. The Democratic party have lost no strength in Datroit, and tho editot of the Adver. tiscr knows it. After all their noise, there was a majority of Democratic votes polled, but, thero wero two democrats who received a few votes each, besides the regularly nominated candidate. consequently the Whig was elected. FEDERAL NOMINATIONS. Extract from the London Banker's Circular of January xi. "FfiOM ITS NATURE, THE INFLUENCE OP A bank must be allied to the aristocracy of Wealth, and not to the Democracy of Numbers ; and this is more especially with great chartered Banks having immense power, this LiAiis UAim uf this UNITED STATES WAS ONE OF THIS DESCRIPTION, AND ITS PO. LITICAL INFLUENCE WAS PRODI GIOUS." The Aristocracy of England, proudly feeling and highly appreciating their hereditary and le galized superiority and dominion of the"Dsuoc. racy orNuMDEns.'have no inducoment to conceal, but rather to exult in the truth as above proclaimed But tho Aristocracy of the U. Statos.awed into re. luctant humility by the Democracy of numbers generally study only to disguise tlijir principles and purposess by on affected acquiescence in.and conformity to, tho will and interest of the Poo. plo. And how many, and who, of this char, actor end description, have, and still continue to hold o flic in this county, under the assumed shield of Domocracy, the people are tojudgo and decide. As a substitute for hereditary and sinecure no. bility, the American patrician order seek the ac quisition of money and tho political influence which it confers ; and in so doing, they adopt the principle that 'money antwereth all thingt.' Hence their boost that they possess the wealth of the country, which, as they soem to consider, imparts to them intelligence and respectubil. ity, and consequently supports their claims to superior political power and influence, and on. titles them tc official stations, honors aud emolu ments. In accordance with such views and principles the whig opposition of Michigan, ever intent on money making, and despairing of concili iting popular favor, or of meriting it at tha hands of the people by conforming to the views and pro. moting thoir interests, are in feeling, practice and policy, the determined and persevering ad. vocatcs and supporters of Bank monopolies, snd bank power over the democracy of numbers and th3 currency ot the country; because in this way, they enjoy tho exorcise of about throe times as much money power and influence as they could otherwise command, end hence it is, that, with, out special reference, as it would seem, to other qualifications, they have quite consistently so. lectod as their candidato, for Governor, tho most accomplished, and, no doubt, the very 'greatest and best mero bank man in Michigan . and one whose election as chief mngislr ate of this state, would well correspond with that of Nicho las Biddle to the Presidency of the United States. Of their candidate for Congress, having, our. selves, no personal knowledge, we can speak on. ly as he is spoken of by others; according to whose authority ho is also a bank educated and a bank indoctrinated politician. And although proclaimed a Farmer as Solomon in the build, ing of tho Templo was both a Stone-Mason, a Carpenter, and a Joiner he is nev crthcless po. litically a determined cdvocate for a National Bank, fland of a controlling and regulating paper currency, See. Respecting their candidate for Lieut Govor. nor, he is well known to bs a most incorrigible bank whig disciple of the old blue light school, according to whose doctrines and crocd without a property qualification, however honest, intelli gent, and capable, no man ought to be admitted to cxercisa the rights, and enjoy the privileges of the Elective Franchise. - Such, fellow citizons, . afo the men whom the bank-whig fedoral state convention of Michigan have selected as candidates for popular favor. We say such, because, from tho information we have, we honestly and truly believe them to be such. Merely as men, however, as individuals of community, we urge nothing against 1h .m. But we do object to their political principles and the measures to which they tend, as utterly incom. patible with the genius, prosperity and greatest good of the greatest number of the people of Michigan. .Monro Tunes. North.Carolina. From the district repre sented in the last congress, by Mr. Pettigrew, (whig) returns have been received from all but two counties, as follows From North Carolina, the Norfolk Beacon gives the returns from threa counties in the Edge, combe district, as follows Wilson (V. B.) Stanley (W.) Beaufort 317 868 Pitt 433 647 Washington 61 .405 811 , 1920 . Federal majority in these threo counties, 1109 which is an opposition gain, as compared with tho result of the presidential canvass in Novem. ber ; when, however, thero was a thin vote.- Then the aggregate vote in these counties stood 1186 ortnomtion to 96 rtnutiliean. The Raleiirh Standard of Aur. 2, ears, Tho returns for Member of Congress for Edgecombe, have been received. The vote stood for Wilson, (Van Buren) 1167; for Stanley, (Whig) 77. We are told that the prospects of Gen. Wilson's election are very flattering. By the above, it ems that in the district;, with tho exception of two counties, Hyde and: Tyrrell, tho whig majority is only 19 Totes Pettigrew's majority, in 1835, was over 500. So, after all the crowing of the whigs, tho possi bility is that they have lost one member of Con gress, snd the cortainty is, that they have lost rotes, unless the two remaining counties give whig majority of more than 500 votes. These counties, in 1836. rave the Wkilm i-lortor. a ma jority of about 250. At any rate, all the whig. cry of a great gain in favor of the Bank party, is . fog and moonshine. Old Rip Van Winkle will j hardly be caught snooziog, this season. ,., Cheering to Farmers. Capt. Phelps of L'eccster, in this county, for a single load of wheat drawn by ono pair of horse, which was marked in Mount Morris last week, recieved one hundred and twentu.nine dollaas and forty. two cents. Our farmers mustfeel the pressure Gencsco Regis. let.