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The Louisianian. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1870-1871, January 08, 1871, Image 1

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THE LOUISIANIAN."
1r-Tit. LoAs Nt."' id published every
trjdLl tnd Sunday at 11I, Caron
W t. G. BtcaNx, Eddur.
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p ad dispatch.
NOTICE.
g veaiuirations moud be adsressed,
.gw o' .r Loniusanian," and anonymous
etuers ;,r atecomtpianied by the name of the
r.:; n' snarily for publication, but as an
j ,od faith.
n e not re'ponnsible for the opinions of
PROBPI C1WtrW
OF
The Louisianian.
In the .nd'aror to establish another Repab
!enn jernal in New Orleaua, the proprietors of
ti' Iitrakuos,projpmoee to fill a nee'-ity which
taut lk . lung, and i.o.metimeni painfuly-felt to
cnet In the trntnaition state r' our peo
rie, :n their struggling efforts to ,ttain that
pr'i na in the Body Politic, whi t we con
lit t.: tl'wir due, it in regarded that much
irtcmatinrt, guinuce, encouragemen t, counsel
eaw repr-of have br, n lost. in contquenc'e of
the lack of a medium. through whicn there de- t
¶enneaa intight be eapplied. We ahi. strive to (
make the Iut Awuxr a desideratum in these rwee
POLICY.
A. oer mntto Indicatew, the Lorrmsrns shall
lie "lRpubliian at all limes and n under i eircum
skwers. We shlne adrocunte the wa.'rity and
eainyment of broad civil liberty, ti absolute I
equahlty of all men )-fore the law, e l an im
Iirtial distribution of honor and pn:ronage to
vli who merit thmn.
Nesiroua of alia} ing animoeities, of ohliterat
int the memory of fhw bitter prat, of p:omoting
harmony and unoin among all clawo and be
tween all inttrct., we shill ndvoca'e the re- I
maiw! of all political dlisc;hilitaes; fotter kind
s . and forxeaniree. where nalignity aed resent
c"-treiin-d. and -,_-I for fiairutwn ar. justice
pbert wrong anti oppresalon prevailed. That
in:,4u our nmun ,ind object., we ihau con
s*s 'r ot iute'rerts, elevate eur noble
Ine, t" LL.r" table position among Ler sister
lttsee 1 tb di velopwent of her inimitable
IwTL w .. cure the full benefit. of the
oi: '- in the history and cur. lition 6f
Gs: Pi 'i :: the country.
dlco ru that there can be no tro. liberty I
wniste tLe enprenacy of law, we abalu urge a
re't raid u:h.criwuneting adteministration of
t .ettii
TAXATION.
O thall support tie' doctrine of an pinitable
a of itjntion nonong all clnamon a faithful
e n of the revemnes, economy in theexpen
re., cnuformslbiy with the exigent:.., of the I
Mr r'onntry and the discharge of vtery lo
Fi. xt o.Lth t;. on. t
EDUCATION.
Vhafl sustain the carrying outt olfle pro
`" Ff the art estlAiiheing our "ernmon
"I tsrtn, and urge ast a paramount duty the
*M:'at on of our youth, as 'itnlly cr: nected
't c iter wnu eunlightmient, and th.e urity
La al tihdt, rift IRepultihan (mivernm~ern,
FINAL
N £ genericise manly, independet. and
1llteci, condnet, we shafl atrivie ti rescue I
"y TWp T. from sen epbhcnmiral. and tei piirary
saes ru.e. anti ttaliheh it upo a besin. that if
y aeutf * command," we ahlIa all evnt
JAM AGRESIAM
Dookderdek*, Stattge
Jlank Book Manufatcturqr, t
and 3*indln4 doue eatly and with
I
No. 92 C&MP STREET,
t
New Orleani
e ~~Jolt.N'mtD
'PRI~ 7EO n TATER IAOIDA,
-THE L{JISIANIAN
" IEPUBLICA ALL TIMES9 AND t1DEBt ALL CIIW:MSTANCE&"
TOLL'IE, 1. 3 ILEANI LA, SIRBAT, JANiUAY ith., 1871. HUI$UI ?.
A FRAGMENT.
Oh ! give me back the sunny smile
Of childhood's happy days,
Ere my unwearied feet had learned
To tread life's wildering maze.
Yes; give me back that smile of joy,
That sinless smile without alloy.
And once again, oh I give me back
My happy, careless heart;
A heart which never had been pierced
By sin's anvenomed dart;
A heart untamed. free from sin,
And sweet untroubled peace within.
'Tis vain ! such wishes all are vain !
Those days can come no more !
They have passed adown time's rolling wave
To dark oblivion's shore.
Though past in memory still they dwell,
And cheer me with their magic spell.
Those days so sweet can ne'er again
Illume with radience bright,
The heart which once has sorrow known
Can never more be light.
No; life s bright morning sun has passed,
And o'er my brow a shade has cast.
DEBATES OF THE SENATE.
WEDES DAY, January 4, 1871.
Mr. Todd having moved that the Sen
ate should proceed to the election of an
Official Reporter
Mr. Lynch said, that before this ques
tion was put, he would ask whether it
was decided that an Official Reporter
was necessary. It seemed to him, he said,
that the Secretary, Assistant Secretary
and Minute Clerk were all the officers
that were necessary for the transaction
of the ordinary business of the Senate.
He said that the Senate had had a very
able reporter for the past two years ;
but what had he accomplished? He had
boen paid at the rate of some eighteen or
twenty dollars a day to report the
speeches of members of the Senate. He
(maidered that the people of the State'
were not able to pay Jo have the speeches
of Senators reported. The office of Officia
Reporter was unknown to the law ; and
he thought that Senators had better
pause before they created an office invol
ving such heavy expense. He, therefore,
moved to lay the motion to elect an Offi
cial Reporter oa the table.
The Senate refused to lay the motion
on the table.
On the motion of Mr. Campbell that
the Senate should go into the election of
a standing committee of five, to report
rules for the governmentof the Senate-
Mr. Ray said : There have been no
rules adopted by the Senate for its govern
ment, other than the resolution passed
on last Monday, which reads as follows:
Resolved, That the Senate elect a com
mittee of five, by btlot, to report rules
for the government of their body for the
present session.
That resolution had reference to the
s time subject that is now broached; and
it is the one that must now govern the
Senate, unless repealed by proper action
of that body. I therefore, hold that the
resolution now introduced is out-of or
der. It is true that it is a little different
ly worded from the one that was passed
Monday, but, nevertheless, the `object is
doubtless the same. The very same point
that 1 now raise id the same that was
raised and decided yesterday. And it was
then very properly stated, by the Svunator
from Claiborne, that the only way to get
out of the diffculty was to reconsider the
resolution pamed Miay. It can not be
got around any other way. No other mo
tion or subterfiuge can be tolerated, as-.
cording to parliamentary usage.
The Chair ruled the motion out of or
der.
Mr. Campbell : I wish to ask the Sen
ator a question : Whether I urderetood
him to state yesterday that the resolution'
adopted by the Senate day before yester
day was unoonstitutionaal ?
Mr. Ray : I gave my opinion on that
sub~ject yesterday, and that opinion was
that the resolution was unconstitutionaL
Mr. Campbell: Then, if that resolution
is mnconstitutiomal, is it not null and void?
I will meet the Senator on his own
ground, and admit that it as uneonst~ite
tional ; but if it ma o, itimall, void, and
of no effect. Another point I submit, ms
that the resolution I have introduced to
day, is of a (fiterent character frozin the
on.* peawed on last Monday. I therefomS
aypesl from the decision of the Chair,
eid on th4peal, I shall vote against
sustaininghair.
Mr. Ray tated yesterday that in
my opinio4a an unconstitutional re
solution; drat was my individual
opinion, ant the opinion of the Sen
ate. The Senmust act upon that sub
ject before % be regarded as umeon
atitutiondl. t resolution has been
adopted by as a rule by that
body, and, the Senate reconsiders
that, it is bizj and must be enforced
just as an Institutional act of the
Legislature 4ling upon the people
until the Coyeclare it otherwise.
The Presi4 The Chair will have to
adhere to itssion of yesterday in rul
ing that resolb out of order. I ruled
as I did yest4 because I considered
that the Senadl passed that resolu
tion the previlay and was bound by
it. Now, if taker of that resolution
has discovered he has made an error
and that he helated the constitution,
it is no fault de. I can not stultify
myself to-day }tertaining this resolu
tion. I took tilsition yesterday that
if the resolutiotich was adopted on
Monday was O'titutional it should
not remain on inutes; that it should
be reconsidered put in proper form.
I can not, in d11v duty suffer it to be
covered over in' ay that is proposed.
Mr. Blackm#The same question
that presents i4w is the one that
presented itself ay. It seems to me
that this difficiight be obviated ;
that it could be bi by parliamentary
rules. That res4 has been passed,
and the Senate iid by it until it is
reconsidered. TO the view of parlia
mentary law that I shall be forced
to sustain the Cli its decision.
Mr. Couplandlat resolution was
passed by a ms f the Senate on the
first day of its , and it appeared
upon the minutej next day. Those
minutes were addby the Senate and
consequently thiolution became a
part of the officidual. It is therefore
binding on the Simntil it is repealed
by its own action.
Mr. McMillen :,od deal is being
said to day, an od deal was said
yesterday when abject matter was
brought up, abohunconstitutionali
ty of the resolutikch was adopted
day before yesterdfore the Senate.
Much is also beinpir. President, of
the conflict which between the mo
tion which has j offered by the
Senator from d District and
the resolution wlve just refered
to. I would ask, ident, that that
resolution passed be read by the
Secretary.
The Secretary re resolution.
Mr. M =Millen: lution passed
this body on the iday of January,
the first day of th of the Senate.
It is an expression hferenee by the
Senate as to the m electing a com
mittee to report r$r the govern
ment of this body. motion that has ;
been made here to the Senator
from the Second Dis a notion to
proceed at this tim that commit
tee. The firm u plyfixes thej
mode or the this com
mnittee shall be ehe he metion I
made to day isthat eednow to
elect that commit d this motion
made to-da amply be
carrying out or o the reso
lation passed Mon President of
the Senate has * e anyj
intention to base his on the un
constitutionality of jesohadon. 1
Without assigning whatever,
without producing -ary
rule to govern his without 4
being5be to telluas does so, he i
in an arbitraryniann thtth
motion of the order. A I
motion ho procsed elition ofa i
Icommittee to repoles for (
the Senate is out of And why?9
IDoes the honorable ut of the I
'18nate deign to in Seaor
twhyit is outof rder he chooe
to oiea igle -rule to I
ntan abmnself in his 'table po- I
I stiouiDoes he give a 94
iwonld justafy any otifg to
Isastain him in the s' he has 4
Staken. Why can nut th procee
, now to eleot that oomr' tlhasde-}:
et termined to elect this committee, whern
is the authority which prevents it firon
n proceeding to do so. The aution of th4
honorable Senator from the Second Di.
Il trict is simply to test this question witi
u- the Senate, whether or not it h1s a right
- as a legislative body, to proceed at thi
i- time to the election of that committee.
n Now, a word or two as to the constitn
It tionality of this first resolution. In my
u judgment, the constitution of the State
- has no more to do with it than has the
e Koran of Mahomet, or the ten com
e mandments of Moses. I desire to say that
I admire the manner in which the Senat
o or frog Ouachita changes around in this
l- matter. Yesterday he opposed the action
I of the Senator of the Second District,
a because the resolution pessed on Mon
i- day was unconstitutionnal ; and to-4y
y he opposes it because the Senate, on the
n day before yesterday, resolved to proceed
r in this matter by another resolution. Yes
i, terday he was declaring it null and void
y and to day he is raising it as a barrier to
- prevent the Senate from going forward
t in the transaction of the business of this
a session.
I Mr. Barber : I am in hopes, Mr. Pres
I ident, that the Senator from the Second
L. District will insist upon his motion for
e an appeal from the decision of the Chair.
This is a question that I am glad to see
i brought up at this early period of the
t session, and when the decision of the
e Senate is taken,. I am satisfied that the
gentlemen who voted on the side of the
r Senator from the Second District will
stand by him. When that test is made,
it will then bring the question up fairly
- and squarely. We are all anxious to see
I it. Then we will have an opportunity to
express our sentiments, and to ascertain
s the object of the introduction of this re
solution. I, therefore, second the motion
I for an appeal from the deision ei the
Chair in order to aid the gentleman, and
I in order that th4 Senate may understand
exactly the position occupied by the
Senator to-day. I consider that there is
I more importance attached to this resolu
tion than has been expressed in its intro
duction, and that it is a matter that
should attract the attention of every"
Senator, whether he be a Democrat or a
Republican.
Mr. Campbell having offered an amend
ment to the resolution passed on Mon
day, in reference to the election of a
committee on rules by the Senate
Mr. Fish said : If that motion is
seconded, I wish to offer an amendment,
and I will state my reasons for doing so
very briefly. I want this question tested.
The contest seems to be exclusively upon
one point, and that is whether this com
bnittee shall be elected by the Senate or
appointed by the President I believe
that the committees should be appointed
according to the custom of this body and
of all similar bodies throughout the
United States. however, if this amend
ment to the resolution is passed I believe
it will then be our duty to naquiesce with
the majority and have this committee
elected so that the Senate will be or
ganized and can go to work. We have
now. spent three days and have done
nothing. My motion is that the resoln
ties be amended so as to read that a
committee of five be appointed by the
Chair to report rules for the government
of this body.
Mr. Pinchback : I guess I might ais
well say whatlIwant to anyon this sub
ject no4r; but I did hope the matter
would be postponed until to-n~rrow.
We have takes three test votes on this
question. One on the motion to adjourn ;
another on the question of sustaining the
Chair ; and another on flhe motion? to
reconuider-all of whicla have gone in
favor of the otier side. But it is amat
ter of some eurprise to me to see the pos
tics of certain gentleme upon
[email protected] r. It will be..noticedlby there
card of the vote that every member of
the Democratic party oupo ti &lor ofj
this ooun. lass placed himselfauarpw4 in.
favor of this measure ; sad that messee
has been charged here by the prees, by
the people, sad, I am tekl, by theDeo
cratie Cautral Ikecutive Comomittee, ma a
direct support of Meary C. Warmoth,J
Governor of this Stats. Do they ragnm
'ber that those very papers bave, froma
}1$67 down to the peseent time, slabase
re tensed that self name Governor as a
en thief as a vagabond, as a carpet-bagger.
he as a renegade, and as everything vile
is- that is contained in the English vocabu
th lary ? Is it possible that these gentlemen
it, here, repeesenting as they claim, the
is honesty and the chivalry of the State,
come here to give their votes in favor of
u- this executive? Do the people know
ay what their men are doing? Why is it
to that they wish to change this old rule ?
ie Why do they propose to have the elec
n- tion by ballot ? Is it in order that the
at committees zay be chosen by the ring ?
it- And who composes that ring, ap made
us manifest by the action of the. Senate to
)n day ? Be'it sai J to their shame that it is
st, composed of the very men who have
n- characterized the man that they now
ty sustain as every thing but a gentleman.
Le I took the position at first that his Ex
Ad cellency-as it appears to them at this
s- late day he is-was an able man, compe
id tent to lead the State, competent to
to bring out its industries, and competent
rd to govern its people without regard
ias to race,color or previous condition. When
I said so before, they said I lied, and the
a- same was said of every man that spoke in
ad his favor. But what do we see now? We see
ar them now going back on everything they
ir. have said. And if the result of their ac
es tion is such as to make the black people
ie of this State the unppliant tools of carpet
re baggers, scallawags, thieves and rene
ie gades, as they have charged, whose fault
ie will it be ? It will be the fault of the
ill Democratic Senators on this floor. Let
e, me tell them that ; for I am prepared to
ly sustain his Excellency myself when I see
Be that the chilvalry is educated up to, that
to point. You propxoe to make me his
in slave , you propose to make my people
a- his slaves ; you propos to help him to
to rivet the chains together around us ; and
ae if you can stand it, we can, and we will
cd help you " to do it. That's all i have to
Ld any.
se Mr. Blackman : This seems to be a
is very violent attack on the very small
i- zpinority composed of Democrats that
are in the Senate chamber now. I am
it very proud to see that, though in the
y minority, they at last have become of
a some value. When I look back, sir, to
the time of the first organization of the
I- Senate, when some of my political col
leagues, elected fairly and squarely by
a the people of the State of Louisiana. were
driven from the legislative halls by the
s gentleman who has just spoken and his
t, colleagues ; when I have seen that very
a gentleman joining a faction for the pun
L. pose of slaughtering the best interests
a of the State of Louisiana; when he has
- turned his whole strength, the strength
r of his party and the strength of his peo
e ple toward riveting the chains around
1 our inks, as well as around the necks
I of his own race ; when I look hack at all
e this, I am glad that the moment has
- conie when his duty to himself, to his
s race and to the people of Louisiana is
i awakened into action. If he had acted
r+ with the people of Louisiana, with the
- old residents of the State, representing,
is he says, the chivalry, the pride, the
patriotism and the wealth of the State,
it might have been different. We offered
to meet him upon fair and equal terms ;
we accepted the situation as the gentle- I
Sman aaked usto accept it ;we accepted l
cvery measure that he saaedua to accept;
Sand in spite of the liberalityof this peo- 1
Sple whom he denominateg the chivalry 1
Sand the wealth of the country, what did
.we see ? That the gentleman joined in
a oPlxosition to us for the Isporspe of irvet
ruig our chains more strnmgly. The pee
a ple of the State of Louisiana axe now ne-'
>presented in the Senate LChail liy on
i y sexen emo~ucrata. rhti eualt.l
Sof the gentlenman's achinm; anm4 he now 1
- la. the andaeity to apgueat to a Are a
Swe tobe slahtered in cold bleed, and a
-then be aPlaledto for symypathyM 1y I
SGod. Mn Presdext, Mmsensto me that]
Ejit istime afor the Demograts~ofrak. caase
Lyof themseh Weamegtweaue to tiue a
i*.enderme rciisof e erbody ; lealby 1
S*em ackagain. I think it is &iR3 for a
sj t alucreiv erseles for sao is
,jnnttknse s e the i :a
-ja casinom wlmjheeapewlta saa beqinizg
a to phew t:naheba t! w vrr low, tl.,t I
* tlhe gentlemu'n h* .SI s'-I to pawjghs
MtseU.MesiagoI oat
t~mnnmwere lit see
by the gestlesama, and teld bias "the
ser? measent you par tAsse kietuos
mefaureq your heed will fall, aid so
will the heod of your " . fall;
and so they did fall, and God be thanked
for it. The gentleman abys that we have
formed a coalition with H. G Warmoth,
who has beegi denounced as a carpet-bag
ger, as a thief, and ti everythng vile "
that is known to the Engih toeige.
I tell the gentleman now, and I tell the
! Governor of the Stabs of Louisiana and
a his party, that the Deagm tMushae form
r, ed a coalition with nobody but their
e seven little selves who reps e tmtheir
people upon this Boor. We are seven
a still, and we will be seven thend.
e We will form a coalition with n4odv
not with the Governor and £ faction
t or with the Lieutenant Governor and
r his faction. We stand here determined
t to do for our people and for our constit
? ueucy what is right, and proapr, and
- .just ; and if the man represseued by the
other faction is usch as we Demsocrats
? can support, they will ind us as one
man simtainrng them. If on the con
- Crary, they attempt to pats such resole
L dons as have disgraced the annaof 1- g"
islation in Louisiana, then we are not
with them. We will do what is right for
the people of this State. We do not sup
port the faction of IL C. Warmoth, nor
(do we support the faction of Oscar J.
- Dunn. We are seven now, and we will
be seven when this session closee
t An to the giving over of the State to Mr.
I Warmoth, we do not propose to do it
We propose tb give the State to nobody.
E In the first place Wre hale not the power
2o do so ; and in the next placo if wa
r had the power we would take it ourselves.
But what we do propose to tio is to
- stand by the Democratic party, be it
a C. Wa moth with his faction urOacar
- J. Dunn with his faction that proposes
- cocontrol the Legislature of this State.
t We have the best interests of people of
.All parties at heart. That-is the position
I thnt the Democrats occupy in this Senate
º chamber. As to the allegation of the
Sgentleman that we have turned over, we
t have not done so. We oocunpy the same
position that we have occupied for three
years. We have been trying to obtain for
the people what belongs to them, and to
I work for the best interests of the State.
l Now, -r. President, what is the pro.
) position before the Senate ? The proposi
tion is simply to sleet a commiettee to
make rules for the government of the
Senate. I certainly have no eoamplint to
render against the presiding offir of
the Senate, because, for the last to yearh,
he has acted with impartiality sed with
fairness toward the minority ; bat when
it comes to the proposition whether we, in
in our sovereign capacity as Senators,
shall have the right to eldct eomenittae,
or whether the Lieutenant-qovernor
shall appoint that committee, Imast vroe
to retain my right as a Sonatwr. When
we vote for a resotution of this kind, can
it be said we are voting against the gon
tloman and his party? ,o are doing
simply what is done in the Unite States
Senate, or in any otherutemate, and whim
we do that we do not propose to empro.
muse ourselves, either with one bdtion or
opinion only, and the Senate will decide
wfiethor I am or sa net right, I dose by
reiterating that the Predilont of the S..
numt' has given ameoen, masa very strong
reason too, why, this estiss was ruled
out; and that remus was theAs~t. had-'
already adepted a smsointom e& that,
subject..
Mr. Cmsppbell: From my aseqaintanes.
with tihe gentlema from Onachita,1I have '.
noticed that his maui characteristic is a
tendency to cast an imputation ujpo any
one that opposes him. Now I am willing
to allow that all the courage, infe geei
and virtue of the Senate aresou tie dde
of lb. Renater from Omachita; t I wi.1
tomany that there is nothing in ftywor
to justify the insinuation that wpi I
any secret motive, or say other objr
thought, whatever, other tbul'
Senate considers itself abl, to
own commitnee
Now, I wihto dek fhe S*
quleatlon: Suppose thi yes
.bad not ineludu the words
but simply resolved the Jator
should elect a eumanit)*es iItdm
andsubapupose, r wbay ~
ferpty proper to prosiw a h
He has admitted, tha' **Ai
ality of thst rusolj , t n'ot be
sand theatamotions1 ta
altuer the og. f
Ufto 'waJ

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