SUNDAY, JANUARY 22, 1871.' , ik
IaTue LouL'IAtL'tN is published every P
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W x. G. Buows, Editor.
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-- -------------- -~~--~----.- ----- at
SENATOR CARL SCHURZ. p
This illustrious Gentleman has recent
ly go eC completely out of his way, to b1
make what the New Orleans Times calls as
somle "startling propositions." One of b
tit1mil is that "tnegro labor cannot be made 01
1productivc iu the Tropics without the co- Y
crcion of Slavery." The propo0.itions are g
"st:artling" sure enough. But they are
so for auldacity, and lamentable igno
rance of contemlilj)rar" history, and the i
fLant:s of the case ; or erso, for a wilful and s
wholeside pcrvasion of the truth. MIr.
Schurz following in the wake of predic- O
tions forty or fifty years ago, of what C
would take place in the British West In- a
dies, if the then slaves were freed, and al- is
lowed to live side by side with the whites a
has azctnally worked himJelf in to the be
lief, that it has verily occurred. The de- kl
plorable ignorance of the "history of the n
West Indies" (so many versions of which
have been published in England in the
present genaration) which this "startling I
proposition" betrays, is only equalled by i'
The West India Islands, from Trinidad I
to Jamaica, are populated principally by t
descendeants of the African race. Since 1
the abolition of Slavery in 1836 and 1838, t
there has been a steady onward march of it
improvement in their condition and a c
four sided advance in civilization. It is n
true, that an enormous falling off in the '
staple crops (sugar, rum and molasses) I
followed immediately on the heels of t
emancipation, but this was from the ex
tensive withdrawal of British capital, and
the consequent abandonment of the cul
tivation of the Estates, and not from the
laziness, or incompetency of the late
slaves. A few years of struggling in
which the freed people cultivated sweet
potatoes, yams, eddoes, bananas, peanuts
arrowroot, Tons les mois, bread-nut,
bread fruit and other of the innumerable
tropical vegetables and fruit; while the
estates were falling gradually into the
hands of resident propnrielors, and the
prospect began to brighten, when sud
denly they were dimmed by the abolition
of tihe Sugar protection duty by the Brit
ish Parliament, and slave grown sugar
was admitted into England in competi
tion with the free grown sugar of the
Colonies. A season of depression, des
pondlency and bankruptcy again ensued,
andt again the "lazy olerginous black, who
lived and reveled in his savage independ
ence, basking in the sunshine, or else
waiting with gaping mouth for the falling
of the luscious mango, or the morq nu
tritious bread-fruit," was blamed and
abused for what he had no more to do
with than the man in the moon. Sever
al years of renewed effort, and persever
ing struggling, and confidence was re
stored in the mind3 of men in Europe,
who possessed the wealth, and whose sa
gacity and experience taught them that
the vaticinations of the haters of the ne
gro were belied on every hand by the
facts, and to-dlay the productiveness of
nearly every Island is vastly increased,
and still increasing. The revenues have
immensely increased ; Institutions form
erly supported at enormous cost to the
Home Government have been hand over
to the Colonial Government, who .pport
thmn, and in every instance with greater
economy and efficiency. In the carrying
out of all this machinery, colored men are
'ery where connected and associated.
They poess as much intelligeme, e
trol as much wealth, and wield as mach
influence as any other ldass. In fact the
, ;, of color in itself is exeerated more
among the educated apd enligthened En
roian t8d any one ers It is from na
knowledge of these facts, and a know
ledge of the general pains-taking of men
like Mr. Schurz that we consider his pro
position 'startling." We propose at an- cr
other time to advert to some'of the other Se
statements of "the victorious chief." tis
"CEASE VIPER, YOU BITE A FILE" hi
The pargrph writer of the Times, ju
with frog like inflation, fancies himpelf a ly
vastly important personage, and doubt- cc
I ss he is, in his own estimation. He in p
a vulgar attack on Senator Pinchback a" w
day or two ago, delighted .in the usual B
rhodomontade which defaming scribblers r<
revel in, and fanciedhe did a smalt thing, cl
and when his silly effusion was alluded to o0
by the Senator in his official capacity the n
frog nearly exploded. The truth is, that se
the sole object of Mr. Pinchback's allu- p
sion to the Press delegation was in the d
first instance to prevent if possible the ri
repetition of such scandal as was indulged T
In by a previous delegation, and in the as
second instance, not in deference to any d
suggeStion from the Time, but to pre- se
vent any misapprehension which might g
arise in the minds of the delegation, on al
account of a solicitation, which unex- a
plained was liable to misinterpretation. a
MURDER WILL ocT.-There is a confident
belief that the murderer of Nathan will d
soon be discovered. It will be remem- i
bered that this gentleman was mysterri
ously murdered some months ago in New t
York, and not the slightest clue could be
gained to the perpetrator of the foul deed. d
COAL oIL sTn.L-Fires, explosions of r
lamps with burnings of children or adults,
1 seem somehow to be on the increase. t
Hardly a day passes but we see or hear
of some accident throught the use of Coal
Oil It is really worthy of consideration
at the hands of the Legislature. There
is a Bill, we believe before the Senate
seeking to afford a remedy in this diroe
_ ion. We have not sevn the Bill, but un
derstand that its main features are com
"THE STATE Jo).RAL."--This is the
name of a Republican Weekly, published
v in Baton Rouge wuder the Editorship of
Geo. W. Reagan, and Jno S. Chapman.
i The first number made its appearance on
the 18th and promises to be a good paper.
e The Journal takes the. place of "The
Grand Er," whose early demise is touch
f ingly alluded to; "It is hard to record with.
a out sighing the t itof the Grand Era, which
s no longer will greet our many'friends
e with its weekly Yisits." The Fditors
propose to show that "the pen is mighter
than the sword."
d NivcE7r.-The recent municipal elec
1t tion in Natchez, resulted in the success
Sof a large Republican majority. Three
t of the members are Colored men, and the
n mayor is also Colored. Bully for Nat
chez. The poor disconsolate Gazette and
C,,net, Baton Rouge, contemplating this
calamity, yet draws some faint comfort
for the forlorn democracy, by noting that
" "Baton Rouge is the only place of any
e importance, we believe, between New
Orleans and Memphis where the City
. Government, is in the hands of the Dem
nocratic party. We recommend the Comet
not to publish that tact too often, nor yet
Sto boasttoo loudly, else there may be some
attention attracted towards "the only
e City-," and she might be relieved of the
Sposition of being singularly, "grand,
Sgloomy, and peculiar."
. California bids fair to add silk, to her
e immense variety of productions. The
State is said to contain 2,500,000 mulber
, ry trees, with a continual addition to the
4 number. Of course it is known that the
silk worm lives and thrives best on the
r mulberry tree, which is its "home."
Dr. Livingstone, the celebrated in
trepid explorer of Africa, about whose
Ssafety so much anxiety, has been so long
t and painfully felt, has arrived safely at
the Portnuguee settlement of Momam
e bique. We may soon expect a rich treat
Sfrom him, describing regions and inbab
itants p]reviously mlnkown..
i- We elsewhere inform our readers of
he the ultimate formation of the San Do
er mingo Commieion. The Gentlemen
ot composing it, their Seretaries, and re
r preseentative of several.lmeading papers
ng left Washiig~ton on the 15th for New
re York. The frigate Teinnesm is detailed
d. for the service and eidt with the party ac
.the 17. News may resonably be ex
h pected from the expedition about Jan
he 28 by Cable.
u- Mr. Wm R. Mason has our renewed
Sa t)ns fas hi lae atch of i empr
With the death of the institution that R
created the large landed estates of the pi
South, comes the sore need of immigra- ar
tion frdm every quarter, and especially
from Europe, the everstocked bee-hive of
human industry. Whatever may be Aid H
of the fertile resources of the West to e1
justify her in expending millions annual- el
ly to induce immigration thither, we can A
concede her no expenditure in this res
pect that we should not equalllyj ye
with the hope of a corresponding return
But to divert any part of the flow of Eu- o
ropean immigration from its customary
channels, demands of the South, greater D
outlay of all the mos' approved measures
now practised by the Norrern States, to
secure an increase to their productive cl
population. With all the many preju- N
dices engendered by slavery and mis- h
representation to the mindof European w
Yeomen against us ; with few railways, ,
and fewer systematic and practical in- a
dticements, such as schools, congenial as
sociation, and the like, to attract immi
grants to the South, we cannot reason
ably expect, even with the most approved
appliances, for some years, any consider- C
able numbers of foreign immigrants. The C
spasmodic attempts made three or four b
years ago throughout the South to in- is
duce immigration hither, was hatched up
in vindictive hatred to the negro. The
world knows the result. And now that r
the planters are perhaps thoroughly con- t
vinced that the black laborer cannot be
displaced, but is with them and must re
main with them, they undoubtedly stand
ready to second any movement that may e
be well inaugurated, looking to immigra
tion. While the whole South must be
benefitted by an increased population of
skilled labor, the planting as the most
interested will receive the largest divi
dent. Large estates no longer tilled by
compulsory labor must certainly prove b
cumbersome to the owners. Five hun
dred or six hundred acres under careful
cultivation will yield more than two or
three thousand, four-fifths of which being t
in wilderness only entails taxation. Were
it pot wise, generally, to parcel out these
estates into moderate farms, to be sold
at reasonable rates and times of payment a
to immigrants ? While such.a plan, for
a while may be a seeming loss, in a few
years, it would redound with good inter
e est. The time was, when German and
Scandinavian immigration (the most de
- sirable class of immigrants) to the South
was mooted but owing to the wide dif
s ference between the climatic nature of
their country and the South, it failed.
But that doubt is fast solving itself in tie
flow of Germans to Texas, a State by no f
means remarkable for its very cold a
climate. The unpreiedented success of
Sousister state in inducing immigra n,
a thither, clearly shows us two things; that I
e tangible and efficient inducements being c
given, the best class of immigrants may '
be had even in the tropical portion of our I
emntry. We strongly hold that the suno
Aess of immigration to the South depends I
mainly in the readiness of planters to re- 1
cognize existing facts; and adjust them
' selves to the same. A monopoly ~ the
y land by a few, must always be a decided
Sbar to men seeking homes and independ
Sence in this free lan4d No outly would
return the State a handsomer proft,tthan,
Le in addition to all the enginery now at
y work, to direct immigration hither, to
e purchase such plantations as are in the
market, and lease, rent, or sell them to
the practical gardeners, and farmers,
who swarm the northern cities from Ger
nmany. Congres has hitherto largely
o emiited the South in ebsidizing steam
" shipelines between our ports and those
1 of Europe ; protcstsa lod and long bould
e always accompany every act that would
" criminally neglect the intrest of so
valuable a section. Let no pains be
spared in having agents both at domestic
and fo reign porte-men whoarethorough
Sly alive to the recuperation of the South,
under the ~ew regime. Men who hall
studT to -dliliamh iniormatiorn oeo
- mnuant with the fets, as hallease us
a large immigration. When the present
dimsstrous war in Emepe shall have end
Sed, hundreds of thousands of peasat in
France will perhaps longingly look away
from la be Frane to betier their eon
dityn. It would be good oemmmy to
Santicipate the time, by havig esuh agem
n ies in the difeent par aof rpe who
- shalbein readines tolead this eudul
Ssl to Lousian hre the sha- fnad
o red and +im Let Imieian and the
ad 'whole Sn but duly exert theumalwes
m* and the tide of prosperity wil its, with
. the iws xot immranter *
Honorable Jferson Long, of Go
was admitted to his est in Congress n
d the 16 January. Mr. Lng is a colored
Straighg University Religious Ser
vices to day, at 11 A'M. and 7 P.
Rev. Mr. Cravath of New York will
preach. "Whosoever will, let him come
and take the water of life freely."
We learn with pleasure thatMr. Henry xv
Hunter Craig, brother to our genial friend
of this city, Mr. Jos. A. Craig, has been Gi
elected in Montgomery, to &seat in the
Alabama House of RepresentAtives.
Charles P. Norton & Co., Manufact
umzs of Watches whose advertisement
will be found n another column,--is an
old and well known firm and it scarcely th
needs the following eanmendations of A
The $12 aever Watch, No. 18,580, pur
chased from Chas. P;. Norton & Co. 86 ,
Nasseea-Street, New York, January Mth,
has been carried by me over six months, 0
with a total variation in time of only 260
seconds, without the slightest regulating,
and presents the same brilliancy of color c
as when purchased.
JAMES R. WILTON,
Sec. American S. M. Co. N. Y. e
New-York, July 30th, 18b. b
I have for the past eight months, con
stantly iused one of the $15 Norton, Oride 9
Gold Lever Watches, manufactured by
Chas. P. Norton & Co. 86 Nassa-Street,ý
New-York,.and found the total variation
in its time but one half minute, (30 se- to
conds,) and it retains the same ap
pearance of gold as when purchased. Sev
eral of our men use them with the same
results. I cheerfully recommend them
for correctness and wear.
HORACE W. WHITAKER,
Conducter, Erie Railroad.
"The Colored CadetQuestion" is evid- v
ently not to be speedily settled as was m
undoubtedly hoped by the majority of V
the members of the Academy when the
present trial began. The lad is making a
strong fight in defense of his honor, and
the issue is yet involved in doubt. While ti
no one can assume that the boy is any v
better than most others of his age, there Cl
seems to be evidence that by a blind pre
judice against his tiige of color (hp is
onne-eighth negro) he has been hounded
to a degree.almost maddening. He has
fought his battle, resentfully almost al- k
ways, yet often with .patience and dis
eretion. He holds a fair grade in schol
"arship; and has given indications of ab
ility, in the course of harsh conflicts in
the court-room and in the barracks,
which may yet win him honorable pro
, YN . ribune
Tat BOTTOM OF THE ATLhANTIC.
The bottom of th6 North Atlantic ocean
says Professor Huxley, is one of the t
and most even plains in the world. * If the
I sea were drained ofI a' wagon might be
I driven all the way from Valencia the road
i would lie down hill for about 900 miles, r
t to the point at which the bottom is now c
covered by 1,700 fathoms of sea water. '
Then would come the central plain, more
r than a thousand miles wide, the inequali- I
- ties ofthe surface of which would be hard- t
a ly perceptible, though the depth of water I
- upon it now varies from 10,000 to 15,000
A DEOP -L-A land spBChtor in
America, in describing a lake on an estate
in Cumberland camunty, saysit is so clear
and so deep that by looking into it you
can see them nakdng tea in Chin5.
A NAsw Yon oar.-A story is told of I
Stwo New York alderman, who were joel
B, ons of each otheremad had tried an every
- occasion to et e other down. otnm
y meeting or at' them made a motion,
- whenbmdshis opposmt insisted that it should
e be redced to writg, and uaable to r
d sistthe tumpation toezltmat his advant
d age, ' out with a truamphant chuckle:
, TeddylIr'v got, ou now, or divil
Sof astrokeea you wtst aill at alalL"
=' x,o ,--
0a 'a very fat men
for the pmur~oseqiiing his doetaU tk
ed himt bL pa.uib.sraeompLL netich
he daed wfds uyleeping with hs moth
Sinmrabai Igmiabin ia&s sel uaos that
when 'a yonr e ye y·- mouth
in eaPsinia th busht- St s
o in e sitSdg Sae wreil as ybet ble,
ca.ne to the aor liejt rin is
(nov i Tn MTa or WAr.)
BOMBARDM.NT OF PABI&.
MOVEMENTS OF CHANZY AND BOURBAKI
GOa. Trocau Casuoza wr~ TuMsaow-Tx
Mamie or mTa Comuancs-Fas or Iua I
Faxc BArrsza Ar Pams.
Loxnox. Jan. 18.-A disath from Versailles,
dated the 15th, says the Prsman prgjecilesn
reach the Seine at Port St. Nehall.
Lomiow, Jan. 18.-An article in the Slede, of
the 15th, charged Gen. Trocha with treason. It
alleges Trochu endeavored to ddimade his 9
Seers from taking any further steps to defend
Paris ; that any attempt at defense would be
madness, and declared the Prusasis might aen
ter the city whenever they chose. Gen. Trochu
indignantdy dahes the aeeustion, and the ei
gin of the report hasbee traced to a young sa
named Wolf, who has been arrested as a spy.
Loinor, Jan. 17.-The Mayor of Loadon has
started a subscription for the beneat of the non
combatants at Versailles.
The meeting of the confernce at the appoint
ed time is certain, but an adjournment to await
the arrival of Jules Farreis probable.
A dispatch from Berlin ajrne that the pro
gramme of the Conference has been defnitely
Advioes from Paris report that the Ae of the
French'batteries is improving, and on the west
side especially is effective, doing much damage
to the German positions.
The Bank of France has commenced the issue
of forced paper money.
Earl Granville presides 6t the sittings of the
conference, which are held at the Foreign Office.
The rumors that the conference will adjourn af
ter formal opening have received no confirma
Loxnowx, Jan. 17.--3 . .-A dispatch from
Versailles announces that the French aie re
moving their heavy guns from Forts dIssy and
King William visits Prince Albrecht, who i
sick at Chltres.
[New York Herald's Special.]
Lownox. Jan. 17.-I have Jhe most nq eaE
tionabl?'uthority for stating that Bismiark it
very aeriotly-m , it is said, fatally-ilk Din
credit statements to the contrary, as energeti
eforts are being made to conceal the fact.,
I am able to state positively the exact word
used by Odo Russells the )nglish Envoy at Ve'
saIe, last Saturday, which were as follows
"I have jusleft lft Bismarck, and I deeply regr
to.stte my conviction that he has the mark
death on his countenance."
No. further particulars are given.
THs rIsE on wonZ IraT.
V mAssALaS, Jan. 16.-A on enatrat ire
kept on Fort lay to prevent the tFch i
repairing the breaches.
[Secial to e Londu Times.]
Vmarswus, Jan. 17.-BismarP k has been
but is partially recovered.
Prussia is urgent for the assembling of
The bombardment of Paris proe ado
but steadily. The gunners systematically a
A flag of trace was sent into the city 1
news and letters.
A Germian dispatch dated Brevi'tersj Jan
4reports Gener1 Keller had occupied the t
0at Fraier ad Cambher, taking the lat
surprise, with threean haundred prisonera
The French afterward made a sharp ;at
Chogrey, Betaneour and Prauier. e
ler maintained his position. The Sghm
tinned three days, during which thi Ge
r lost eleven hundred men.
A French brig, with provisions, was a
off Bordeau by the German frigate
A dispatch faom VereIades says
under General hansy, ae in fael
laval, and the Geusane are in faU
they have ary pased w the twa
ea forteen miles east of Ivl, taking s.
a Alencon was occupied by theGlan na
A'nlght of the hiht t.
Geneal von w ursrmaentaIes his
).m uthward cfB hlI to aI5P , ,
i- ansedattakefta d pimyef tb
kA dispatch PVrfsnsa
orngai.g osn to nl nthe ,art the
, TheMam y a d as. - s om... t
s eas s ations * 4 theillreek
intew.e4 tohattalk the ea
I e. , . a h. a
t Thdirst deemals . b ,d
sat thems wias
.mgnssbs eabeMad to a gPet te
inBatal Sure the uaelhg the
L ia ewithndmm.
s adie newsa ofts nd
abch Up hie umeabmssiray.
i crpsf mgh wdLl, em rlptrign s
aaws, Jan. 17.T - a sissy t
movi forward. Gen. FitherlU's .r ,
noiteri parties find bridges deatroyed nd tLe
vila., on the left bank of the river hurrieaes h
The tir army is moving, and Gen. Feid.
her sting been heavily reinforced, hLas
men a ries of movements from which gr,
L , e, January 18.-It has become knov,
from publication of official document., t
the P , in October last, communicatinf b,
tel ~ with the King of Prussia, re'luy4ted
i . y to secure his (the Pope's) departnre
from me with due honor in case he shonjd;
conel to leave that city. King William replied
aff vely, and telegraphed to King Victor
to that effect.
V January 18, Evening--Bom ai
s in retreat. The attempt of the French to
relie Belfort has been completely fruatrataL
V , January 19.-All members of the
Di c Corps remainig in Paris with the
ex on of the American Minister, have applied
to military authorities for permi.
ion thdraw from that city. but their reqnut
William, in a dispatch to Queen Au
gas congratulates her on the repulshe of Bonr.
the east, and states he is now retreating
He that the bombardment of Paris coa.
tin with good results.
J Favre has asked for a safe conduct
t h the German lines to attend the confer.
en At London.
ain of Prussia was to-day declared Em.
of Germany in the Hall of Mirors, in the
ca of all the German princes and repro
ives of regiments of the army.
bombardment is canuing considerable
but the fires caused by the explosion
, shells are easily extinguished.
it, Jan. 21.-Preparations for the
Senator Blair to-night have been
rrent resolution censsuring Pres
,r interference in the lote elrction
introduced by a D,eocrat in the
was tabled by a vote of over two
rtMx OCR xICeQsOES.)
t: SOUTHERN OIUTPLGF.
Ou T" PIREID0E'T oN TnHE UBalt.
' ACTION O F ucRnltt.
D TO IarLIA or DLnrcATIO..
oLiRED ILAB R (XaYVETION.
WAsnr.Truos, Friday, Jan. 13, 111.
Domingo Commission is now em.
Wade is to be Chairman of the tcnm.
ld Prof, Andrew White of ('uoru,
and Dr. Samnel G, Ilowe of Lsto,,
: .,or members. Dr. Howe w.e itferneeI
"hl to-day that he had been applinte '
, . directed in case of acceltauce to re
w York in time to sail on Tluest.hy. It
tood that he Las since infonned the
of his acceptance. Although (Gen. tS
veepted the secretaryshilp of the Cou
he has since declined for reasons Lot
the public. The lion. Allan G. lBurton
.,rky, who is now in the city, was accord
,xointed in his stead, and has accepted.
formerly United States Minister to lk
sd is a gentleman of high atainementa
no the delay in forming the Commisuion.
x*elition will not sail Antil Tuesday. The
.ssion, as now formed, is generally spoken
with favor, and, in view of the fact that
-sident has never met any of the gentlenun
lted except Mr. Wade, it is conceded that
acted with the single purpose of hnavi
olutions of omgress carried out in goal
Dr. Samuel O. Howe is the well known
thropist nowr at the head of the Msseheb
itate AIsylnum for the Blind and the Ik!
and Dmnk In early as well as in laterlifeki
Ihas been the friend of Greece, carrying AmeT5ri
contributions to that .qomtry when strugglist
for independene, srving wph Lord Bynm '
iase timSe, and more eeaoty aiding the C(rem
i bthe ssmeway. bei. kaown asiie-'
Abolitionist, nd wm a pactial friend of t1
K nms Free Sta Mern, and d John ,mBrown
particular. Bt I.s u phe s rind o(Sele
Sumuer, and his appgbmt gives gret at
tction to the Mam ehtdle leg on. "n
'WlloB and otha decbe that no man en
ihave been nomima tin whom the people dofi
State, as well as the eontry, would have so
oemsdenee. Dr..llowekkw.nI tobe 5ne
lent Spanisah chor, and, aeeompanitred by
wjife lsJia.Wad Howe, has spent much tie3
Cuba and other Was Indian "da
I Wamawro , Jan. 13.-Aet t e oft ohe
ceve emea to-ay. the Vee.Prmid~tl
I befortbe oe Senate t faowing maeg,
wIs ordeb to teo the table and to bepi
ino asba a gre d abs snyt
16 -,1874 asking for i imtie sitirm .O.
rpa alsa~e tin o idoyS) psaoesmin North
sh i bnigI Qv rew tera a o the .
lStat eslt, tb4 . fpactiaseid
eajoyawuntofthe shase and hbertie aecd M
der ste United s L.., & ae I trm
Sa_.e.teo spotl ad othaeapr son "
the War Dep. t .et relative to outra
the in ena
theSms., thee relative to outralla
Sareoo vealdae tobecp mee s ea
ued by thie prmas Cogre, but il
nEor refe , and opi~f of such c bp '
a ba O furnbshed tas the deem ny
lesce s ion M JaL lea. 13, 1871.
The abitt and repork extend in da
I867 to d1T 18' 4 a on othem
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