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The Louisianian. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1870-1871, February 09, 1871, Image 3

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tero, bpen lands to cu l
.tt).l dir.ect and speedy trans
' ' 11 t lproducts and iner
nal noke New Orleans, what
i'idl it to be, unsurpassed by
* city on the Atlantic sea
. ot'iinection I will say that
; Ii:,1mi'eo senIltimltent of our
i the duty of the general
i t grant to Louisiana and
""tat4' tl'. proper pro
:thenal ai ; ecutinlg
iteriitil improvements,
rdeprived during the
` 'Iii 1l 1s1 been so lavishly
Nrthern States. Such action
f . ewent the kindly rela
rApidly growing up between
I wuld recommend the
1 1I,1 to memorialize Con
Stha important subject by a
r, Illt U
1., tr of the leeves and the protec
f; + t 4h n11 I lle alluvial lands of the
l ainly produce our two
Lart especially recommended
t 'n il-unportant subject I would
Lrtr ' t'iu reports from the Board
o . 1 rks show that the appro
oree millions of dollars in
the State have been cx
hem that still the large crevasses
at :111~' Diamond Island Bend,
l "n tiler breaks, are open,
1 te ,f the levees are still below
reports show that they have con
g:.s,4710 cubic yards of levees
ir ernignizttion, at an aggregate
f, $3,273,000, and that they will
,";r, $2 2.000,()0O more to place the
;, .tn in in repair, and thereafter a
.tant tinual appropriation or tax to
l." f,,r the inevitable wear and caving
I'u'ks of the rivers.
Fr 'n these tiglures we caul judge the
at n~ 's," of the levee system, and
l 1 till, Iase whether the work be
1 I, t1~" riLjli ian proprietors, the
.111:tien, the State or general
I:,, ~r by a private corporation,
i:iatter is of such iuagiiitude that
" l I , g:ýage yt 1L earliest 1id ( aast
:.; "?A t' ultionl.
F.. I'll passed by the last Legislature
the - 1eesto a private corporation,
. I ,tie serious objections, 11141 I
r Iltrtne'd it with mLv veto; but it is
1' that smt' l'ore flu "ient plain
.' L atlopted than that of irregular
LU cmeertain appropriations, for though
:t. Ile lhown that the works done by
l ird of l'nlulic works have beon
S 'onstructet', vet this vast
t... h. nearly useless unless the
tae i..u 1 (.,Lstan tly occurring crevasses
'- 1 the large works, already
rnet , m, n thu encroachments of
the r:. r.
I ý'a I t'; r.(fore recommend that a
?ltic ; It :1i p.*.Iriatioi be made, and that
ti: pint, l. -f the Board of Public Works
`" urIaml ,,, that they can have works
e su:Lust contract, when desirable,
*tLa ' a', to altttorize them to cheek the
er 'it::'ats .f the river where the
are ,,. ! cty works are in danger, if
It ow c l.
It 's L :Žii.:ri'tt that the Congress of
thv Li al ates is wiilin'g to assist the
flpan 5 ' t. 1 te rebuild the levees, if
"*n :i'* :l11 is adopted, alul( pro
Iiabl a. pyrat ive. load, to be appeiinted
iy tLLV hr "iklft of the niuted States,
IwsuldInt' thi'e desirel assistance.
ILL ae'.,rlan., with an act of the last
';tzir:J s. nil I have taiken steps to
erull tit iobla l:f the State, and have
' ~"ie~ l ' v.-ral ''hunteer organmza
los.la, lb v. 'lwiing this duty, I felt it
to hC ill ~' : gr iv' anid delicate task.
ec. r na;l a tLi'taikI in judgment
him' ItIo si ''Ltrlyus tee the general
tute rges i:t;,o the Iop, 115po that of
t' o raiao of tIhe militia. I was
Llrge'h 14 S. IL tI) 5-'t4 -ca purely par
tilal lZLIhtutLt hndSV.,;?"v blamed by
otlLIrs fir In t Ill IL' I'.). I .efuih :> do
tils oil a.'. p't' as volunteers all good
1i2Iius wh lizl'reI their serviees, with
out dhatinct.o ofpry ni the legal
'olelkI..Lt )f teFirst Division was
r'ie1. I of, Irled and armed these, so
54r IlL thi appropration allowed me, and
pLI. 1.11o Ii'unds the pre~servation of
LMk' 'elI rd r, and the protectaon of
1114 Ill hrap liv in the State, in case of
E' in rs nei which the civil author
Li'1 Is their aid. All classes
Iall I "1. were represented in the
IL') . roilt w~as that, during the
.1 'c thi ci 'ttioni I'pni)h4n, sll clases
1 ll p ert'es were' relieved of appre
"tnoi~ a 1 t2LI other, and felt a sense
*Iltr y Ill adopting this course 1
4Ž) '0 .SlvtŽre( censure of many of
phlitl L fr'inds, w'ho were opposed
Ai 'lIto the militia men who had
on i ido. of the South during
"a- I *evedI thet the honor of
un I11 L..,:',' he truste1.
1,'Ilj ;. f'iht lcd my epe
sca Rs.
I warn you gentlemen, against certain 4
schemes of plunder which are already 1
organizing, and will continue to be or- 4
ganized and presented to you for your I
votes. These are propositions which,
under the guise of public improvements,
or of claims against the State, :,re simply
plans to rob the treasury and fill the
pockets of unprincipled speculators. The
persons who will probably importune you
most pertinaciously for the most bare
faced of these speculators are well
dressed gentlemen, claiming to be the
representatives of the most respectable
of our people. It is these pleasant gen
tlemen in broadcloth, with their gigantic
swindles, embracing millions, and not the
poor and needy applicants for some long
delayed but petty act of justice, who have
most depleted the public till in the past,
and will endeavor to do so again.
I ask your attention to the fact, that
there now exist on our statute books no
adequate penalties against the crime of
bribery. This defect should be remedied
by appropriate legislation, which I sin
cerely hope the wisdom and patriotism
of your honorable body will promptly
devise. I am in receipt of information
of acts of bribery on the part of public
officials, but owing to the defect above
named in the law, I am without the
means of bringing the offenders to jus
tice, or stopping the mischief. It has
become a crying evil, and, if suffered to
go on, will destroy the confidence of
the people in government, and seriously
endanger our liberties and highest inter
ests. I hope that the General Assembly
will enact some law on the subject, prov
iding adequate penalties and placing it in
the power of the Governor, to prosecute
with vigor and promptitude, all persons
offering bribes, and officials receiving
I recommend to your attention certain
amendments, contained in the report of
the Registrar of the State Land Office,
which is herewith submitted.
The Police Jury system is cumbrous
and awkward, and leads to groat delay
and inconvenience in the management of
parish l usiness. In some parishes there
are six, eight, ten and fifteen police jury
men to be elected. These officers are
ibliged to meet often and travel far. It
is difllieult to obtain gentlemen of the
requisite capacity, integrity and public
reputation to serve in these positions.
Ileuce, oftentimes, in many parishes, this
branch of the public service is neglected,
to the great detriment of general and
individual interests. I recommend that
the system be so changed as to reduce
the number of police jurors in each
parish to three; to muake their meetings
miiontlhly, in sessions of three days each,
and to allow each police juror a small
per diem, say $2 per day for each ses
sion. This will facilitate business and
secure the services of competent men,
and not increase materially the public
expenses. I would also recommend that
these police jurors be made parish offi
cers, and be elected or appointed for the
s:uuc term as other parish officers.
Among the most important acts passed
mit the last extra session of the Legislature,
was the new charter of New Orleans.
With a view of putting the new govern
ment into operation as soon as possible,
I made the appointmeiits required of me
by law of a Mayor and the several Ad
mnmiistrators. The charter has been found
to work well, with the exception of some
minor p~aiticulars, which will, doubtless,
be brought to your attention by the
Mny( r and CounciL To any representa
tions and suggestions they may make, I
bespeak your respectful and careful con
sideration. Munch of the success of any
system or form of government depends
upon the character and ability of its
officers. The situation in which the
affairs of the city of New Orlsams stood,
through bad and partisan management,
required more than ordinary care and
in those who should have them in charge.
With that view, I made selections to the
several positionms, and, I flatter myself,
with success, for they have earned the
respect of all parties for fidelity of man
agement; and all who were candidates
were elected to the same or higher posi
timis by triumphant majorities. The
funding provisions of the charter requir
ing the issue of three million of bonds
to take up the floating debt, have been
femni iiia'equate. At least eight hun
drel tiiousand dollars more will be re
quirel to take up audited and, as yet,
unpaid portions of the debt. The Legis
latuire omiitted many just debts and
claiius by the peculiar phraseology of the
bill, 'whidh limited theobligationsprovid
ed for to four classes, vis : Judgments,
registered certificates, warrants and alty
The large proportion which the asses
sod prairtv, taxes and population of the
city of N< w Orleans bear to the whole
State, onrucetly claims your time and at
tenion during the present session. The 1
question involved are not withoutgreat I
difficulty. Prominent among them is f
one arising out of the careful and sen- i
pubes compliance of the Administrators i
with the provisions of law relative to the I
consolidated and railroad debts and the 4
one million loan. The city has redeemed
half a million back interest, nearly half aI
million of capital, and all the current in
terest of her bonded debt. It purposes
to continue to do so, but the strain upon I
its coffers has rendered a deficit inevit
able during the coming year, whick the i
City Council is unable to meet under ex
isting laws.
Among these laws are cited those 4
which take a large class of public ex
penditures out of the control of the city,
such as prison expenses, police, printing,
expenses of the Criminal Court, fees of I
various public officers for services done
the city, coroners, jurors, etc. The city
has to act the part of a mere paymaster,
in many cases, and the laws have taken it
out of its power to comply with its muni
cipal functions and duties, by making
contracts to the best advantage of the
tax-payers. In all these abuses, which
have existed under one party as well as
another, and which have gradually
grown more and more serious, the de
mands of the time require a reform.
I have no doubt the subject of munici
pal police will be fully impressed on your
attention. The city should have the con
trol of its assessments, expenditures, and
the numbers, salaries and distribution of
its police, its regulation, for all local and
domestic purposes, and the enforcement
of its ordinances ; while the power of the
Et ate should be carefully reserved, to be
exercised and asserted as primary and
supreme in all cases where a necessity
may exist, such as riot, insurrection, or
public danger. It ought to be out of the
power of any cityauthorities to use their
control at such of any other times, sepa
rately or independently of those of the
State, which should have precedence in
enforcing the laws and maintaining pub
lic order. The example of the past in
1866, .&nd at other times, and under
various administrations, shows the dan
gEr of permitting any question of the
paramount control of the State authori
ties, when proper occasion arises for that
power to be exercised.
The unsettled flouting debt and ap
prehended deficit will approach two mil
lions of dollars, which the city govern
iment must meet in one or all of three
ways : by retrenchment of all expeseues
now within its control, and modifica
tions of legislation, to enable it to curtail
expenditures now out of its control ; by
the issue of bonds ; or by increased
The bonded debt is now $17,315,000,
and the taxation is two and five per cent,
both high enough in all conscience.
Bonds of the city of New Orleans bring
but about three-fourths of their par value
thus, in fact, augmenting by one-third
the debts they are issued to pay. Increas
ed taxation on the other hand is, per
haps, equally serious. This question had
best be left to the City Council of New
Orleans, with the power to levy a tax no'
exceeding one per cent, or issue bonds,
not at present authorized, not exceeding
two millions dollars ; or to exercise a
port of each of these powers. This will
place the responsibility where it ibelongs,
and the City Council cannot safely, and
will not probably, act in this matter
without full discussion and concurrence
on the part of taxpayers as to what rmay
be the wiser and better courus.
The city government has now power
to issue bonds for wharf and street im
provemcnta, a power which has been ju
diciously and sparingly exercised. Re
lative to wharves, this was probably the
best and only disposition that could be
made ; but the new charter takes away
the power to require street paving to be
paid in part by the property facing. To
attempt to meet the paving requirements
of New Orleans by imsing bonds would
create an hereulesa debt, and I reesm
mend a relaurn to the old law requiring
proprietors to pay their proportion of
the paving.
It is highly expedient and proper that
but one treasury should exist for custody
and payment of city or local funds in the
parish of Orleans. It is unnecessary,
merely on account of the different pur
pose and destination of the various funds
to multiply trenaures.
The defalcation in the Metropolitan
Treasury is an example of the error of so
doing. I am satisfied that the Police
Treasury, and the fourteen ward school
treasuries, should be done away with,
mod that all their businwa shoUld be per
formed by the City Tremasry, which is
wider proper guards and securities in the
boade required; sad in the fseal agency
regulations, which have been carefully
provided by the experrenec of the past,
and are necessary as a check and pre
ventive against squandering and embez
I transmit to you the annual reports of
the Auditor and Tre.ure,. You will t
therein find a complete statement of the e
Anancial eandition of the State. I ean I
not too seriously urge your earedil eon- 4
sideration of the matters discussed and I
the information furnished by these offi
Our State is not well oE but it is far t
from being bankrupt. We are bardse- e
ed with a heavy debt, but we have im- 7
mense resources. Our recuperative c
powers are perhaps greater than those of a
any other section of the country; but a t
small fraction of our rich products.- '
sugar, rice and cotton-is used in home (
consumption. The saving-the wealth
of the State-increases with wonderful
rapidity. Therefore, I am hopeful for the
future, and look forward to a day, not far
distant, when our finances shall have at
tained a most prosperous condition.
Several wise financial measures were
adopted by the last Legislature, and have
conduced to a more healthy condition of
the treasury. Prominent among these I
regard the requisite provision for fund
ing the floating debt of the State. These
measures, and others, will enable the
State to very soon assume a cash-paying
I earnestly recommend you to exercise
rigid economy in making appropriations.
It must be borne in mind that the con
stitution now limits the debt of the State
to twenty-five millions. Our present
bonded indebtedness must now preclude
us from making further appropriations
as subsidy or other assistance to works 1
of internal improvement. I do not forget
that it is the policy of the State to use
all proper means to assist and protect
every enterprise calculated to increase
facilities for production and transporta
tion. The railroads, canals and other
public works so fostered will, I doubt
not, inure to the incalculable benefit of
the whole people. Still, I think that we
have granted such aid about as far as we
safely can. We must now strive to live
within our income. If we reduce the
taxes to the least amount necessary to
conduct the government upon an econo
mical basis, in a short time the problem
of the payment of the debt will solve it
self. With peace and prosperity ; with
untold agricultural and mineral wealth;
with a system of improvements carefully
fostered by the State, our capital will
soon double, and, without increasing the
tax, the bonds cim be rapidly retired.
I need not specially call your ataention
to the several suggestions made by the
Auditor. I will, however, note a few.
First, some changes are needed in the
revenue law. The Auditor has carefully
prepared a bill, which accompanies his
report. I commend it to your careful
consideration. One serious defect in the
system, the Auditor states, is that the fc
cal yearis made to run from December
to December. This causes serious com
plications in the collection of taxes and
licenses. The date was fixed to enable
the State officers to prepare their annual
reports before the meeting of the Assem
bly. To remedy this evil, the Auditor
suggests a change in the date of the con
vening of the Legislature and that the
current year be the fiscal year. I join in
this recommendation.
The Auditor cells attention to the large
and increasing amount of unpaid taxes,
exceeding four millions of dollars. I join
in ~urging you to adopt some practicil
method to inforce colleetion at the ex
pense of the delinquents.
In conclusion, upon the subject of the
finances, I recommend, in conformity
with the suggestion of the Auditor, that
you consider the propriety of levying an
equitable tax upon successions not fall
ing to forced heirs. I also recommend
that yo~u consider a law to require in
surance companies doing business in the
State to deposit bonds to secure prompt
payment of policies. This has been suc
cessfully tested in other States. I further
recommend you to consi4er splan for re
gistration and cancellation of bonds held
by those wiao derive a permanent invest
ment in such securities. By this mesas
the tax due from this species of property
could be more readily and cheaply col
lected. Such measures would tend to
greatly reduce the general taxation, and
would relieve the property of incumabs
which prevents its movemneuL
I beg leave to call your attention to an
important subject, which has never been
alluded to byany previouls executive of
the State.
In the present impoverished condition
of our people, lib insurssae is suggested
as the great practical reemedy. Previous
to the desolation of the late cavil wsr an
acquaintance trith the subject of life in
mnrance was quite limited in the South.
Thea it was a rare coeurreucs to And a
man who had not~, by his labor and ener
prise, gathered around him enough of
maaterinl wealth for the support sad edn
estion of his family in tle event of his
premature deathL The reverse is now
the ams. The exception is largely in
favor of those who, if suddenly taken
Saway, would leave their families in desti
tute or st raightenear circumstances. The p
subject of life insurance becomes one of ci
vital importance to the maul whose morai T
duty it is to provide for the future ca=- k
fort and independence of his household. tj
There are now about twenty-fourlife il
insurance companles doing business in ti
this State, which have issued policies
amounting to many millions of dollars.
This sum is designated the protection
of the widow and orphan. I, therefore, t
recommend that you pams such alaw for L
the government of these institutions as
will give greater protection and conf- '
dence to this great and growing interest. b
The scrip issued to the State by the f
national government for the endowment
of a college in the interest of agriculture
and the mechanical arts, has been receirv
ed by the commission appointed by your
honorable body to rpeeive and dispose of a
the same. As it will probably be sold
during the current year, and its pro
needs determined, it is important that
the Legislature should take the neces
steps, at an early day, to locate and es
tablish a college, which shall fulfill the
intent for which the beneficent grant was e
made. v
It may be that after a careful examine, r
Lion of the institutions of learning now t
under the fostering care of the Stater it s
will be found that the course of study in F
some of them may be so modified or en- I
larged by a judicious use of this grant, as c
to wisely fulfill the obligations assumed t
by the State in its acceptance. 9
I invoke your careful attention to the c
WrITA Na(ca. I
The subject of the erection or purchase t
of a suitable building for a State capitol i
will doubtless claim your attention. The a
condition of our finances imperatively
demands that in this, as in all other mat
tori, we shall practice the most rigid
economy. The cost of suitable grounds in
New Orleans will be a very heavy items
and there are, besides, many other reason,
why the seat of government should be
removed from this city. In a large city
the facility for forming combinations to 4
iflDuence legisisti is so great that in
most of the States of the Union theyj
have found it necessary to remove the
State capitol from their principal towns.
Our predecessors followed this ex
ample, and established the State capital
at Baton Rouge, a point accessible from
all parts of the State, and destined to be
come still more so when the railroads
now chartered are completed-en event
that we believe will occur before the time
for your next regular session. At this
point was completed, in 1847, a State
House, which for architectural beauty, i
convenience of arrangement, and solidity
of structure, compared favorably with
any building for a similar purl ose on the
Unfortunab ly, during the late way, this
building was seriously damaged by fire,
but I am informed, upon what I regard 1
as good authority, that the injury was 1
not so serious or so difficult to repair as
is generally believed, and that it can be
restored to its original condition of 1
strength and beauty of less than one fifth
of the original cost.
I therefore recommend that authority
be given me to employ one or more corn
potent persons to examine the building.
and report its conditioi, and the cost of
The European war, in addition to its I
disastrous effect of depressing the price
of cotton, has caused the suspension of
the Hamburg steamship line to New Or- I
leans, and interrupted, for a time, the
Bremen line. The recent arrival, how
ever, of nearly eight hundred emigrants
on a single steamer gives promiss not
only of an increased emigration from
Germany, and possibly from France, at
tar the termination of the war, but, also,
that New Orlears will hereafter share
more largely in the benefits of the emi
grant trade. The establishment of the
Liverpool and Ilississippi Steamship
Line, whose ships are built especially for
the transportation of emigrants from
Great Britain and the Scandinavian
countries, will also increase the popular
ity of the New Orleans route of immi
gration, even to the Northweaeten States.
It is to be hoped, however, that the plan
ters and landownors of Louisiana wGil be
able to induce a larger number of the im
migrants landed in New Orleans to settle
within the borders of the State.
During the last year, the Commis
sionerns of Emigration have published
largely in the Northern States and in
Great Britain, and it is their intention tp
send a competent agent to lEaope as
soon as the war dhall have terminated.
During the sautam there has been a
large influx of laboring population from
the Northwesea States.
Since the last sessou of the Legisla
tare work on the Mismsdppi and exei
can Gulf or LakefBorgue Cmnal has been
p os~cuted writhi greaf vigor. "'me nma
chines are now employed in excavating.
The canal win be opened for business up
to the river bek In the course of of thir
ty days. The lock will be completed and
the cnaml connected with the river about
the frst of July of the present year.
I mecommend as of great impertnee
the nsncemity of maending the law re.
lative to pubie printhng.
When the act in malatieu to the aMWter
was pabd, the State was in no concition
to disburse money, but was obliged to
-sse warrants worth at that time only
forty or iy l sats on the dollar in pay
ment of the work. gins the r the euedit
of the State has improved, and warrants
are now selling at seventy-three cents on
the dolla, with a fair prospect of moos
reaching par value. We are now in a
condition to greatly reduce the price of
pubi printing, and bouldt ani the
number papers in which the laws are
hU x AHD ZacflOI.
The dsei of the rights of franchine
evinced is na jiocalities in the State
in 1868, induced the last Legislature to
resort to the most stringent m esubes for
the protection of the people. The violent
.rancor of that period having now given
place to a more liberal caud just acknow
ledgment of the true relatias of all our
citizens, I commend to your consideration
the modification of the registration and
election laws to an extent, that, while se
curing the inalienable rights of all, will
make the usage under them less irksome
and exacting to tle few.
I will transmit to you in a few days
the report of the State Begistrar,emnbody
ing his views as to the modifications that
are deemed desirable.
As reportshave not been received from
the Administrators of the Charity Hos
pital at New Orleans, of the Deaf, Dumb
and Blind Asylum, Insane Asylum, Mili
tary Academy, and State Penitentiary, I
am nnable to submit them with my mes
sage, or to make eny recoummendations
in their behalL On their receipt at this
office, I will lay them, with such migges
tions as I may have to offer, before you
for your conaideration.
The consideration of the apportion
ment bill having been made the first spe
cial order of the day, it was taken up and
Mr. Gartakamp, of Jefferson, moved to
amend the frst section by striking out
all after the word "Orleans," in the twenty
seoond line, to the word "the," in the
twenty-third line, and insert in lieu there
of the word, "known as the 8Sixth Muni
cipal Disna st, comprising the TwosI
Thirteenth and Fourteenth Wards."
Mr. Woarrall, of Jeffereon, moved that
the bill be referred to a special coatmit
tee of rhree, which was laid on the table
upon motion of Mr. Dewees, of Do Soto~
by a rising vate of 47 yes tos8 nays.
Mr. Dewees, of De Soto, then moved to
lay the amendment of Mr. Gartakamp
upon the table, which was earried by a
rising vote of 48 yeas to 29 nays.
The question recurring upon the adop
tion of the first osenion Misers. Gart *
kemp and (lnrdner, of Jefferson, do
mianded the yeas and nays, which rosult
ed as follows:
Yeas: Abell, Adoplpbe, Biekhasm, Bow..,
Broumuard, JBrown, Bryan, Buchanman,
Cochran, Dewees, D~urio, Faulkner, Eon
telien, P. H.:.rpsr, Hemmer, IU Saliniere,
Matthews, McFarland, Morphy, Mori,
otto, Pond, Biaggokl, Tatmasn Whey
land, Yorke-28.
Nays: Antoine, Baker, Barker, Barrel,
Bairrow, Bentley, Blunt, Brewster, Burch,
B3utler, Carter, Cheshere, Crawford, Dar
insburg, Dwviu, Dimes, Ellis, Floyd,
(Gaddis, Gardeer, Garstkaanp,W. Harper,
.Johnson, Jorana, Isaroson, Killeun, Kin
aefla, leauret, Isanbias, I. Loll, J. ILutt,
LycMahuoney, Mervin, McCarty,
Mteadows, Moncure, Moore, Murray, Ndt
son, Ong, Opiateh, Overton, Quinn, Baby,
Riley, Sortuim,Sehuamebher,douer,StsmpU,
Stevens,Turesad, Ullmnan,Vsrrett, Wurnds,
Washington, of AamamptionWashingtoui
of conmardis, Waters, B. Williams, H.
Williams, Wilson, Worrafl, Young-64.
Mr. Worrall, of Jefferson, moved the
reference of the bill to a special eonamite
tee of Ave.
Mr. Wohe, ofcarroll, moved to laythe.
motion to refer upon the table.
Mr. Thompeon~of SL Tammansy, moved
toamend by instructing the secial ca
mittee of Aretorsupert adetailed retun
ot the numbercofimhabatantsof the a
- -ve.5.. and difrmts, throughos
'te State, which, being esesptle by Mn
WorraUl, the motion as amended, to re
fer, was adopthl.
The next speia rder ofthe da be
ing the eonsidsratiun of the vat. mm
esges 4 the Governor, they were 4ahn
-up, and the Orzs in order eiag thetcof
- the Mliassippi Valley laws. Company,
Sthe following veto was read:

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