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TIE LOUI8IAUIAUS. .
PUBLI8DED THURSDAYS & SUNDAY& c Orison 114 CAgONDEL sr Samrr; NEw ORt.EAs LA. "N. S .3WW, Whe sad Pablisher, A. K. C. MASSENA, Solicitor, and Fashion and List sry Contributor. _ _ _t NOTICE. }!'All communications must be addrermed "Kditor di the Louisiania," sad anonymous Iseas must be aecompanied by the name of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as an evidence of good bith. e We are not responsible for the opinions of a o0r contributors. THUBSDAY APRIL 20, 1871. t SThe City Council on Tuesday even ing passed an ordinance to provide for the more efficient drainage of the City of 1 New Orleans and environs, and their pro tection from inundation. This measure has been passed in accordance with the £ requirements of an act of the Legislature atits last session. The importance of ! draining the eif and the swamp lands adjacent is universally acknowledged sad the prompt action of the Cijygrouncil, will receive the tho:oitiu1 hearty ap proval of the v .jority of the people. The w we are informed will cone in ee as soon as possible. The Mayor, c Administrator of Finance, and Adminis trator of Improvements are associated together as a standing Committee on Drainage, in thtmatter. p- Re had a brief interview a day or two ago with CoL E. W. Mason. The gallant judge is in excellent health, and speaks favorably of his new field of labor. bW. had brief visits yesterday from Hons. G. Y. Kelso and Win. Crawford, and Mr. Louis Kenner, iThe river is still high. Too high to be comfortable to the people of Ken ner. They have requested that steam boats be required to pass far enough from the bank to prevent the surging waters from flowing over the leveet. Anxiety is properly felt everywhere at the present height of the river. agr*In January last when the good folks of Natchez e'eeted a Republican Mayor, the Baton Rouge Gazeve and Coamd, said that "Baton Rouge was the the only place of importance between New Orleans and Memphis where the City Government was in the hands of the Democracy." We then recommended our cotem not to be too loud, nor too long to his boasting, he might attract attention, &c. Our vaticinations have been as true as flospel. On the 10th inst at election was held for Mayor in Baton R >uge and the Republicans were triumphant not merely in the election of one of the party-but that one-A COLORED MAJ. "Well and faithfully done," Good Baton Rougians. LArrrrr's TmurF.nL. - The~ Louisiiuna Sugar lond of April 13, says that the ex citement about the discovery of the old psirte's t1'£Iisure, promises to be resumed. $ome wild dream, or lesis substantial vagary, has aroused the cupidity of num hera of the New Tberians, who have been truit ewsly digging for the supposed buried money. SOur cotemn. of the Empire Pari.sh &'gisfsr is in a woful plight, and draws a gloomily facetious picture of his aqunri an nurroundings. His "editorial domicil is .arroeaded with water," and he has no shilto paddle in; if he willibe sally jng forth, he must, preforce, "wade knee dleep to reach a dry spot, and then he exelainm "This is truly delightful!' But owunfr atunate friend has other miseries. The water attracts the musical, everlast screamers, those sea-gulls, geese, water f iwl, etc., together with those dimutive hweet singers, musquitoes, which seldom fail to remind one of their desire for in t imate relationship. Our friend is broken hearted, but sum anoning all his philosophy, he says: 'We live, however, in hope, but would say to Gen. Thompson if that little gap is not dlosed soon, we will have either to traudier our sanctum to the cookloft of ear caslle or borrow his tug to embark saeother location." ehave belore us the second a erthe Zditoruhip of Xr. 1heogume Casigh Tbe edior u-~ -rng -s uqig the dedalration that "hay ing Wbu appi3Ied the Officia Jeornal for the town of Ut Martasville, the P'arish if OL Martin, sad the State of Iai ina a jp~sh tisa notiss he., ,be cito o any el Ancee or eMst, sea appear in thbspaper. We *Se nor osom renessto ea eoam w sran ,s.,k. the *.miw$ ctur k&idetee lances, to the New Orleans Repubuam who we suppose will cease to be "the official journal of the State." THE LECTURE. Mrs. F. E. W. Harper delivered her second lecture in the Straight University, on Monday evening, on "The Great Na tional Opportunity." The audience, as en the previous occasion, was large, re spectable and appreciative. The lecturer briefly reviewed the condition of the country and the condition of our race previous to the war, passed over some of the mighty changes produced by the war and evolved as coupequences of it. Then she dwelt at length on the opportunities afforded our race for improvement, diffu sion of knowledge, elevation and pro gress; contending that, in.viewof the bit ter and relentless hostility of the enemies of our race and of human progress, the 1 colored race was bound and should be influenced by a community of interest; that their conduct should be marked by generosity, justice and liberality; that education, (which has not yet been suffi ciently appreciated by the race), the foi matien of character; the cultivation of self-relianbe, self-respect, determination of purpose, fortitude and temperance should be the grand aims of the pareits and guardians of our youth. In this direction, the lecturer favored compulsory education for all, that the commonwealth might posses intelligent citizens, and that intelligent citizens might exercise their franchises and riglfts. That the favorable oppor tuuities for establishing home life; for the cultivation and encouragement of virtue, and the repression of vice; for the elevation of waman, and to lay a ban on sin and immortality, should be eagerly and perseveringly embraced. Not wealth, not position, not color, not fame, said the lecturer, but on the foundation of peace, justice, integrity, education and virtue, must we build and elevate our selves and our race to a higher and bet ter life. The peroration of the discourse was devoted to a spirited defence of women's rights. We were struck dumb with con sternation, not either at the doctrines defended, nor the extravagant "rights" demanded, but at the denial this avowal gave to the repeated asseverations of one of our friends that Mrs. H. was not of "this sort" As a literary effort, as the earnest breathings of an anxious heart solicitous for the welfare and advancement of her race, we freely accord Mrs. Harper the full credit due her ; but we cannot avoid referring to a point which has invariably characterized the conduct of lecturers to our people. Every statement that is made, every advice tendered, every vice censured, seems uttered under a reser vation that up to the moment of speak ing there has been nothing done towards elevation, or education, or progress by the recently freed population of the South. Every remark seems to be made on the presumption that the listeners be long to a most willingly benighted class. We know that this course has been a source of much uneasines3 and dissatis faction to many of our good folks, and we therefore throwv .x' the hint, de sirzing it to be accepted in the spirit in which it is tendered. A great deal has 1 been done, and a vast amount is being accomplished, through the direct and strenuous efforts of our people them 1 selvcs. Wherever Institutions of learn ing have been established they have ex tensively availed themselves of the ad vantages afforded. Wherever fields of labor have proinisedadequate remunera -tion to them, they have transported the~r I skilled and unskilled artisanship. Wherever philanthropy threw open a door which offered to ameliorate the Scoundition of our people, there have our people, men and women hied, toenmbrace t the opportunities of doing and receiving good. These things do not seem to be -generally known and hence we hear no word of praise, no need of commends 1tion for what has been aceomplisned, and for what is in the course of being done. And it certainly dampers ardor, it -checks endeavor, and tends to discourage effort, to observe the consistent expres Isions of censure, the advice to rise to a Shigher, and a nobler life," and never a syllable recognizing the efforts that our Speople are most certainly making to rise. Ths isn one more itm t whic we must refer. We regret that the fair lec turer should have been betrayed into the j expression of a little uatire on a ground a less and malicious report handed doubt 'f lessly to her. There is no opposltion to Sthe advent of intelligent colored men Samoag men of sense of their ow raee. a The kiandnes, and the a..stmmeeasurdsd e to maay a ome othis ls., gives adenial t to theecharge. The truth usthat theimore Sdesmrvimgand intelligent they may bs, th a greater willingness has been shown to seitthem un the eeinomplshentcfthei a ~pems. We thuereor regret that the glhgqia was mie TEXAS. The condition of certain portions of phis State is such that a good Polies is adly needed. The report of the Adju- 1 ant General of the State reveals an ap xalling condition of things. His annn d report embodies a record of crime, ihowing that up to the first of April, here were no less than thirteen hund-' ed and eighty seven criminals evading I arrest, and at large; and they are "mur lerers, desperadoes horse thieves &c. In this latter number are comprised nany desperadoes, the record of whose I ;rimes is perfectly appalling, and whose continued freedom from the restraints mposed by law, is a shame upon the State. these men have established a reputation or daring and disregard for law, which as overawed the commuties in which hey operate, and it is next to impossi )le to procure information of their where ibouta, by which they may be captured, or this reason. In Bastrop and Travis counties a regularly organized band of uorse thieves and murderers exists, whose )perations extend to and include all the 2eighboring counties. It is even stated that this band is sb inmerous as to be able to extend its op -rations from the Red river to the Rio )rande, stealing horses in one locality md forwarding them by members of the band to another for sale. The members Af this band have their headquarters within twenty miles of the capital of the state, and steal horses and murder with impunity, almost within hearing of the Legislature. It is difficult to conceive why is is that citizens of the infested lo calities should remain quiet while these offenses are being committed, unless they are intimidated, as before stated. With in the last two months it is believed that at least two hundred horses have been stolen in the locality mentioned. This state of affairs exists to a greater or less extent throughout the entire State. In one locality a gang of horse thieves was headed by a minister of the Gospel, who was in the habit of holding protracted meetings in certain localities. While the congregation was engaged in worship, at a given signal from the min ister, the horse thieves would make a descent, steal all the horses, and be off before their presence was discovered. And yet there is strenuous opposition to the passage of an effective Police Law. And this hostility springs from, and is confined exclusively to the Democratic party. The Adjutant General thus con cludes his letter : "In the short space of a letter it is im possible to give you an adequate idea of the present extent of outlawry in Texas, although much has been done to repress disorders and arrest crime : and it is a matter of deep regret to myself that law abiding citizens should fail to throw their influence in favor of the efforts made to put down crime, simply because of poli tical differences and preferences. aiThanks to Hons. W. P. Kellogg and L A. Sheldon for speeches and pub lic documents recently sent us. 86We perceive by an exchange that the old veteran Horace Greeley isin Texas, and the Galveston Republican expresses the hope that "the colored men of Texas will seize the opportunity thus afforded to visit the venerable philanthropist." Previous to the outbreak of the war between France and Germany the Prus sian and Bavarian governments were in volved in litigation on the subject of the ownership of certain pictures; the form er claiming to have restored to them certain portions of the Munich Gallery which they affirmed had been unright eously acquired from the old Dusseldorf Collection ; the latter disputing the validity of the Prussian demands. The settlement of this dispute is due to the withdrawal of Prunmia from the contest, the authorities at Berlin, no doubt, con sidering it unseemly to proceed any further in the matter alter Bavaria had joined its fortunes to those of the rest of the German Federation. It has been stated on semi-official anthority that a claim will be made on the part of Prussia to some of the pic tures belonging to the old electorate of Cassel, and still preserved in the national collections of France. Academy. A French compempodmnt of the PeR Mall Oa gives alist of the statues in side the Cathedral of St. Denim which have been injured by esrelessness, bom bardment, or pillage. The most curious sccident is eartainly that which happen .d to 8LDenis. The statue ef the good maint, who is popularly sapposed to have crossed a river with his heed under his arm, was dcptedby a shell. The status of (Istharime de Medimis has two bgur. cut c sad *16e, end a ashn freenasabreemb er beds. Benry II., bas last saot oly two Lagers, but the big tes ahisuilgbt Soot; (bales VI his suge; hele VW a dags i seeptre ; Charies Martel a finger ; Pe- a pin le Bret has had his sceptre broken ; La and Louis XVI., besides receiving a cut across the nose, has been deprived of both his thumbs. THE SILENT TONGUE. The Masonic merits of "The Silent 0 Tongue" are well expressed in our lee- C tures, and ought to be understood by t] every brother. We will enlarge upon n them. The art of silence, if it be not one of v the flne, is certainly one of the useful arts. It is an art attained by few. How s seldom do we meet with a man who t speaks only what he ought to say ? That the Bible enjoins its attainment I is most manifest. It commands us to make a door and bar for the mouth. It v declares if a man bridleth not his tongue, his religion is vain. c The attainment of this art will enable us to avoid saying foolish things. We E often speak without reflection, and, of u consequence, foolish thoughts, or ex- v pressions destitute of thought, are utter ed. Possessed of the art of silence, we A shall not speak of that which ought not to be spoken. C Again, it will enable us to avoid say- f ing hurtful things. Since we are placed in the world to do good, and since the s indorsement of speech is one of our great est means of influence, it is most un- r seemly for us to utter thst which should do injury. He whose business it is to r root out tares should not scatter their I seed. It will enable us to govern our feelings I and direct our trains of thought. He t who gives expression to his feelings in- iv creases their strength. He who gives t expression to anger, for example, in- I creases its power over him. He who gives utterance to improper thoughts . will increase their number. t It will increase our influence with our ( fellow-men. "A fool uttereth all his mind, but a wise man keepeth it until I afterward." Gravity and reserve are as sociated with wisdom. Even an affected gravity is sometimes effective-the true 1 art of silence ever. We can be useful I only as we are influential-Pomeroy's Democrat. THE RAMPANT REDS. The gentlemen of the Paris pavement who, under the name of the Commune, 1 have assumed to govern France, display ed a calm common sense in their first attempts at legislation, from which man kind augurs the happiest results should they succeed in establishing their author ity. Not to speak of their prompt arrest of the "citizens styled servants of a per son called God" (who is supposed to be concerned in the infamous "monarchical conspiracy"), their flagellation of Arch bishop Darboy, and their requisitions upon the banks and churches, they have adopted certain fiscal measures of which we know not whether to admire most the financial expediency or the intrinsic justice. Starting with the assumption "that labor, industry, and commerce have supported all the charges of the war, and that it is just to exact from property its sacrifices," they have decreed that all rents for the terms of October, 1870, and January and April, 1871, shall be remit ted; all sums paid by tenants during those nine months shall be credited on future terms; all leases may be canceled at the option of the tenants during six months from the present date; and notices to quit shall, on demand of the tenant, ,be prolonged for three months. To besure, landlords have served in the army as well asother people, and loetas much as others; and in many cases while the landlord has been fighting on the ramparts the tenant has been living in idleness at ihe expense of the State; but the Commune has not considered such trifles as that. The great principle re mnains that the man who has money in his pocket is a natural enemy of the man who has not. Them there was a rumor that a certain Insurance Company had a policy of 24)00,000 francs on the life of Sthe ex-EmpreessEugenie. The Commune Sadjudged that sum to he the property of ."the people"-although, according to Sthe vulgar notions of insurance, it can I hardly be considered due to anybody while her Majesty is alive-ad made a demand for it, which the Company omly Ievaded by putting their assets where the -Commune could not lad them. Nezt a Slaw was introdnuud macsling all bib ci Sexchange under so homes and decking I largerhbillk of hl rthird of thefr faee SFinally, as compulsory military servie. i I the most odou of despotic exactiome, Sthe coaseriptiom was abolliaed, and it I was inerely ordered indsted tht these dxmbold hen armeay zeqet the Natiomsl a (lard, and in the Netimal 0w4r ever~y I a~-ode eitis choull merwse.Wi Swhich eatemsi oC Elueat, (e al maed. ItskbLsmchmsea rs that'te I Casmgme Gettll b " and give "a vigorous impulse toindustry, labor, sad soamere." N. Y. Trihwse. TELEGRAPH DISPATCHES Loirox, April 19.-Detailsof the fight ing at Amnieres yesterday have been re ceived. The Versaillists compelled the Communists to evacuate Asnieres, but they reoecupied the place in the after noon; were again attacked in the evening, with a fierce fusilade. The Versaillists with difficulty held their positions. A Paris dispatch of Tuesday evening says the Versaillists have not resumed the offensive. The belligerents are separated by the Island of Grande Jatte. The Communist losses yesterday were very heavy. It is said the Nationals are greatly dis couraged by sufferings and losses. A special to the London Staidard says the spirit of the Versailles troops was unsatisfactory, and even discipline was wanting. The insurgents will probably evacuate Asnieres to-day. The Versaillista, carried the woods of Colombus, the Communists suffering fear fully in killed and prisoners. Asnieres is now threatened on both sides. Changes in the French Ministry are reported. Herr Dolinger, a distinguished Bava rian theologian, has been excommunicated by the Pope. LONDON, April 19.-A dispatch from Versailles to-day says the Government troops occupied Asnieres yesterday, driv ing the enemy across the Seine and cap turing some prisoners. Losses of the Versaillists small. A battery has been placed in position which prevents the insurgents from using the bridge which cresses the river from Clichy to Asnieres. The insurgents were quiet and their batteries silent during last night. Sometimes the merry-making on these baptismal journeys was suffered to lead the company astray, and cause them to forget the cause and object of their un dertaking. A baptismal company was once crossing the mountains between Largie and Saddell, and rested on the road to take a refreshment of bread and cheese and whisky ; after which they proceeded on their way, and arrived at toe manse. The minister had begun the ceremony, when they found that the in fant was not present. "Where is the child ?" was the question ; and "Have you it ?" "Have you it Y" the fem:le were asking one another, but no child could be found. At last, the one who had been carrying the child up to that place where they had stayed on their way for refreshment called to mind that she had it down among the heather, and had supposed that some one else must have picked it up and brought it to the manse; but as this was not the case, they had nothing for it but to retrace their steps to the place in question, which they did without delay, and found the child lying quiet safely where it had been left on its bed of heather. Then they brought it back to the manse and had it baptized. Baptismal customs. Notes and Queries. NOTICE ! BEmRTLODGENO. 45,FP.L&A.T. M. Meets every Airst and third Saturday1 evenings in each month at 8o'clock P. M., at the Masonic Hall, corner St. Claude' and St. Peter Streets. The following are the names of the officers for the ensuing ,year: L DAGRUE, W. I. F. C. ANTOINIE, S. W. 3. GARSTKAIIP, J. W. T. L HUBEAU, Treasurer. L Q. ARTHIDORE, Secretary. R H. STEPTOE, Chaplain. 0.O. R OUDE, S. D. J. H. PARK ER, J. D. WI. JOHNSON, S. . B.W.BR EVANS, J.S. P. HARRIS, Tyler. SThe sbove is the only Regular Lodge F work~ig in the State of Louisiana uoder Sthe jurisdiction of the Mast Worshiped 1 National Grand Lodge for thme Uaited SStates of North Aerics. SJ. BENJAMIN~ BERRY, D. D.G. M. igagedumna fmtilesatempt tossew buams on yasqgAuguts nmew JaceshdszmLak ed: "Drat thsse buttmsI Iint% ad the ssea.. .d 6. aeyq as to aess every lime I stick the seedle itat 'mes" To wh~ic rqilies yearn, Au a: S"Now, leak 'ere, Graampy, yeuj 1st ma Can yeam mu ae ht a ag~ taT, THE CUNN M A's. By JOIN 3RLnIGos. Cunning is often taken for wisdomat it is the mere shum that rims w dam boils her pot It bath not the 4 of wiadum, neither haa it the h wisdom. It is more like instinkt thait iz like rezon. The canning man haz two virtues,. was prominent-patience and enes Without these he would fall below W kat, and fail to get his mouse. Cunning men alwas hay a speeiulj such as it iz. I hav seen them who coa ride a mule tow a spot, but who seta how awkardly. There is this average between a e. ning man and a wise man-the caqi man's wiadum is alwus on the outside s his face; be kan't hide it; it is a1w, squirting out ot the cunning ot hiz eye, while the wise man carries hi: deep stowed away in hiz heart, and don't % his wisdum tow find ockasions, but t, master them when they pop up. Cunning men have grate cautioe, be, cause they surpoze themselves watet in as much as they are alwus watc others. They have but few' brains, but wh4 they hav are petroleum, and their basi being few and greasy, enables them 61 fetch them tow a focus sudden. It is hard work tow be very en" and very honest at the same time. Irend. on this is because I don't no the t% hugging and kissing each other my muche Canning hasa skandalous pedigrse; hI is the babe ov wisdum and fraud, ad i the only child they ever had, but look and acts just like his son. Cunning men's advice is hard to foeos because wisdum is made like a bedqui out ot patches, and is also composedald shifts for the emergency or the ocamiu tow match for a stiddy diet If you don't understand wrigglingyyoa &Af, or the rudiments or it, you must nit git your advice from a cunning man. Cunning has alw s passed for wisdom and will continue to do so as long a phools last, and phools will last aa loog as enny boddy else duz, and sustain their reputashun. Cunning is alwus selfish, bekause it it not ov much breadth, while wisdom ae afford tow be magnanimous, and bavuso thing left over. Cunning men are not very dangerwm they have so much vanity, and theirs.' ity satisfied, their ambition is, and a vanity takes the place ov ambition warn more amauzed than alarmed. -A dabbler in literature and the Sf arts who prided himself on his langag, came upon a youngster sitting upon the bank of a river angling for gudgeons, sal thus addressed him: "Adolescence, sit thou not endeavoring to entice the snay tribe to engulf into their denticulsted mouths a barbed hook upon whose point a fixed a dainty allurement?" "No," amid the boy, "I'm fisahin'." Josh Billings says: "When a young I man ain't good for nothing else, I lk. te Ssee him carry a gold-headed cans. I1 .he can't buy a cane, let him part bis hai in the middle." COMMERCIAls WEDNUaTon, April 19--11 30 & I rCowrrou-The dealin.eof 1-16d. at I**~ . er pool this morning appears to bate bar Sneutralized by the improvement in g~ Sand exchange and an easy freight jserkM SThe supply continues poar, and nowl standing the good inquiry, only SbC 1500 bales have bee. said thin b Prices are steady andihrm. Barely 041 Ordinary is reported atl15c. Low W dling sold at 183 e. Yesterday's operatioms embraced 7W bales, the mariket eloatg as follows: Low ordinary...... (* - Lo Midsdlig......... I 114 e Good Middilag........Sj 31 I 'THOMAS J. HAN~A AUSTIUIII .. Geerl ommisle : Ouw Doom SaLe PDouVnLT A~rrsU SoFFICE AND SALzES-oost POYPEA8 STREET, NEW O0 LEN, WUISDIBANA Mess.Ges V. Bypas A C"., l r pia4& . eb a 0.T.ry,S