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"REPUBLICAN AT ALL TIMES, AND UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES."
VOLUME 1. NEW ORLEANS LOUISIANA, SUND4Y SEPTEMBER 17, 1871. NUB 78 -r r -- nVI -. . .... .... ....- - .......... _ _ _l fll IýU('ISALtMN, OWNED,- it }Ii1 EDll ANI) MANAGED BY COLOR t .1E}:, IA PUITLISHED EVERY lilll:;1\\ AND SUNDAY MORN I 1 'r IT ('AlRONDELET STREET s 4~\ l;I \NS LA. ],,' I I 'INI('IIIA('K(. O( LEANS. SN\IMI NE, (tlxs, • , x KiLSt). RAvT. rs. \1 tt. . IROitWN,---Editor. I. ;. S. ' !'N(CII I CK, * t 1j11- ~i Si l:,'kt rlioN: it . ...... ....... . 4I0 1 u,.. ... ..1. ., '1i )SPEII',CTUS OF The Louisianian. . 1, " t ,'1 , rln i st'oalli h another, ., , i,,,r d in New Orh'lela s, ,." t "ir. of thl' L] 'IslI.a tN, 1 1.... 1,, ill .l ut 'a .ity itv lhich( has i II , ,,~ 1 I.. . ,l, - i0'l s alT infully I I t." I... . . l , the. , t r ll ition state ,, ti their stnirgglingefforts I. tt, i 1it I . sitiuo in the lRosl I',i. , , 1 ,. 1I , <I i ilit~I',il t lo be their ,i.,' ' . i ,t rdtil d that muchut infor on e. , ll.lllt', ln 'olurl'lgtmlllnllt, , ,, I ..,1, Ip', "f I , velwe1n list, in u," I Of the lack of a medium, ln II hil thith ,',,leiciencies night plI .1. e shal:l strive t.h m.ake I n1 . 1i N \1 a 1d,/siidl.r tliumit it n these 1' LT( 'V. . 11 ,t iil ii.:t-sV, th.e Loli S' h l h,. ". if I a,7,,/ lia,., at lal, il .it Ituit. I :. llc '.i . ~Itmeor i ,., / . ,,,,,11 f ll ,I i,', , a,, u,,taa .... of . l . .tla ,' tiht , ltr'' ttily :l tio ,l lltj,,l l, I'.,, ivil ith.rlyiv, tlh abl . - ,. i , of:111111a 11.'' it, t:11 t ih lela 'it · i tl iet ti talltjil. ,fnti r of hkin - . il *iIatrun i'i, to all who min erit flil t. .)1'ir11 s it f t aliat in. :t imii ti, sn , of S.iLlit,"rating the mmuory of tihe bittter 1 l,- l ]roiotigl hali-ny ndti union al clpaxS anld. litwen4 all in .. ,we shall adv,:ate the removal t politic:d di.sailitics , foster kinl . I fr..I ariant , vwhere malio lity 1, I ne, " nnt reign.e11, and s4,k fur M ai.l justi'e where, wrong and S....u revaihdi. Thus united in .... , ll n, ,1,jects, we shall conli.rve i intterestts, elevate our noble SI. al, enviable position among St", r St:it, by the development ilinuitalle :riesouIrts, and sewiur 1' I alit l teIll anlighty 'hla11iges ShI-tIy and xontlitin of tnl -i t , ,u he iprllactuy of lawt I i ....1 . tt nd undi srimi , l·lh,, ,ii, n of jtaxtionl among '"' ,,rily with the exigen It. ir r('Icuntry and the .I .lt'a-n the carrying ont of ''.. i"l~ 'hl , ii systeml, ad urge I" L',. t duIty the eiucation of i'l. iidly connectedt with t"h li Iit itent, tant Ith 1o11 ',I s.t.ility of a Republican 1, 1ila- lit. FINAL c ' iirT,., uauly, iadepeudmt, a eii ittdlt.t, we shaD atri't', Sit" Iller front an ephem i 1 t, t npor:iry Exi.titlque, antd -it Il, l a, t hlis, that if we nlinand, " we shaldl at all h Mi, UE CLUB HOUSE •.Ryaxl street ........... , r ta of th 1 l aro open each ta. . and their gueits from 7 ty 1 1 " tMtich will lie seved *Yiu 1 .to 2 P.j di SPOETRY. T LITTLE AT FIRST, BUT GREAT AT LAST. r A traveler through a dusty road, Strew'd acorns on the lea, - And one took root, and sprouted ulp, And grew into a tree. Itove, siought its shatle at evouin' time, 'To Ireathe its eartly vows, And Age was pIlcsed, in heat of noon, 'T'o bask beneath its botu hi. Th'Ie dotritouse loved its dali.ng twigs; lThe birds sweet unItsic Iore; It stuo-, :. glory in its place A blessinig emt,\rli.r. .1 little stri' , had I st it way Aiil it. grassand I rmi: A ltassing sttaagsir st".. tttld .a w\.1ll,. W it, r'e " nt'ary litn Ilmli;:lt tlnl : It1. walled it in, and ht, ts ili it t care A ladle at the hrink;1 lie though int t of Ithe deed It, did, lint j.dntl that toil m!ight drink. lie 1.tsthstd again and Io ! the wdll, It- mlnntt's nItvtrT drietd, Had4 cooled ten t.honnud lItarchin.,g tonguels, And saved a lift Isitd'. A dreamer driptled a ranldom t htight; "l'was od, anti yveti w..s Ilnew A sit~le itme'y of tlle blatin, Bit stmol'g in bt'ing thmi: It sholiit upon a genial mitind. . Anti to ! its light Ibca;ell, A :lllmp of lifet, a imalont r.y, I A tIletlitory lltl.n,'. The thought was snall its itssue grt.;T' A watch-lir,'e oit the hill, It sheds its radiallc , lfar ad- ,, n, Anti cthcrs, the v.tlley still ! A namlless lwan. amid a Col'\ That thrung d tl. ,l:lily nmart, Let fall a word of hl, and love, l'nstudit.d, fr, till h. h,:tart; A whispler on flt tunmult throw wn A tr.ttsitory breadlh1 It raised a brother from the duIst; It satved a tsoul fI'rom dath., ()11h g ,rin ! o11h l;firt! tlh wtl l of I ( itl thouthit at rantiltn tst' ! 1', \mtri, Ibut littlh; at tth far-.t, Ihit ,,tl;, r ,tJ i, ,o i, rt 't ~VIonlII 3iu ' IPolitical Rle pIorlers.I It might hapl.nI tha:t womeni should -here :and there Ie ftinld who Sw nltl not feel it .*llrogatory Ito C l themsetlves or their plrfe..'ions ) to - use their lpns flor the gratiticatioll t of lWe.rs, al malice, 1tW.s"llr d revenge, or pulhlic, curio,.ity, and yet that the I f general intunence of this irruption of women upon the political press E Ie cleating. Here and there al "sisth*r" ny io tot greater lengths v than any " lrother " withont affect-. ing the fact that in .gclneral sisters are more moderate, impartial, clear aightei d, comrhmitensiive, and dis la'Ssionate thaln briothers. As the pens of corlrespoundent:; have fallen into the hlanlds mtf womeni has there beeln manifested a dispo sition to .,correct the tendency of C correspondence toward deteriora tion into gossip ? In spite of the It indiscreet anti nniwonuanly revela tions made 3'y moise femalet writers, do we finll the general result to iH' " an increasing reslect for individu ality, a gradual disuse of person- i ality, a deferecie. to the( claims of 0 courtesy, to the divinity that doth hedgo a man anti a woman by vir- t Ltue mf their manhlndi aInd woman- a hood, atnd whicmh is not folrfeitel bty l any aintont of plull sic ervic )o 1 we sec an intelligent recognition and Si observance of the forms of society, of which, though sometimes apparent- ti ly arbitrary and sometimes really d irksome, do yet constitute the lest g available and the certainly indis- oi pensable protection of the individual U against society, the reign of consti- p tutional law as against anarchy, St without wvhich life becomes intoler- W able and fruitless? TWhen we hear 1: that a woman is att~ched to the hi staff of reporters, do feel that now w we slldi creep out from under the u dinner-table, disentangle our feet P1 from court-trains, take it for granted bi that everybody wears his best as clthes in company, and enter the bl circle of real inteete, of close sacme I tiny, and careful comparisons, and keen analysis, and high aim, and le just award? Do public officers, th members of state or national legis- cil latures, and all who directly concern fa themselves in the ship of state, feel nc an assurance that when women are th on the witnessing stand official acts laI and deliberations are subjected to a ne vizer scrutiny; that trivial or, irrele- to vant facts will be left in the back- th ground, and only those which are A pertinent tronght forward; that th falsaeness, chicanery, and sophistry will stand a greater chance of being wi detected, and sense and honesty i, and compreenaivenem.a greatr chance of being recognized; that personal liking and disliking will be laid aside, and motives and methods judged abstractly ; that clap-trap will lose power, and quiet ability come to the front; that business shall be undestood, and progress signified, and work not to be mis taken for idling, nor an itching for notoriety be mistaken for spirited patriotism ? It must.be admitted that women will find it no easy task to outstrip the best class of male correspond ents. It will not be denied that there are among the latter men of eminent ability and integrity, who can see and report with equal clear ness; who understand that the part of a correspondent is not' to nurse prejudice, nor indulge pre dilection, nor confirm opinion, nor ', even to enforce doctrine, but, as far as possible, to put his reader in possession of the situation ; who are aidble to comprehend it because they are the peers of those who make it; men whose views are wont to be comcet, whose jlu ment is basced on their views, and, therefore, likely to be sound, and whose opinions and co-operation are, therefore, apt to be sought in shaping action ; men who do not boast. of their power or prowess, who apparently do not think of it, who are simple, direct, and un consHCious in their business, and whose influence, springing from qualities, rather than position, is as wholesome as it is widespread. Am I wrong in believing that this clauss is not perceptibly in er easesl by re- nftorements from the ranks of women ? I do not deny 'that, among female correspondents - there are women of spotless charac ter and brilliant parts; but, as things iare, is it possible they should equal lmen in the possession of political n innluence and of political intelli Sgence ? The ntan is in constant contakLt with men and face ti face , with events. If he is at the Capital, I he goes everywhere-to committee roomns, to the departments, to the ,. newspalH'r offices- at all hours; n wherever meaUtres are under dis cussion, there is he, to judge for a himself. He becomes as familiar s with the working of the machinery as the machinist, and he follows the course of legislation with entire un " der:;tandiing. A woman takes ob servations from the galleries, where, with close attention, she can lpr hiaps make out the words of one s l,:tker in ten in the one house, and in the other vainly wishes she could hear ten speakers in one. Tlhat is a fragment of such part of 3 legislation as appears on the surface she sees; but of that large part wlhich goes on out of sight she necessarily learns only by hearsay or from the male reporter. Nor is it easy to see how it can well be i otherwise. Even if sdie have a thorough un- I derstanding of parliamentary law, - and if she ie so constant and on- 1 tlhusiastic in her attendance upon I ,legislative assemblies as to under I stand all the windings and turnings of bills and all the meanings of mo- I .tions, she still labors under serious Sdisadvantages. Unless she can for-a Sget she is a woman, and make every one else forget it, too, and mingle t I as a man among men, it seems im- I .possible that she should compete C successfully with men. Woi~ien i write eloquently and well upon a pa:triotism, statesmanship, and the ( higher, life, in the albtract; but when they come to definite meas ures, and make application of their principles, they are just as likely to blame and praise in the wrong place as are men, and just as likelyto blame and praise in the wrong place as in the right one! d Thiere are women who write bet- i ler letters than men could do under I the same chrcnumstances; but the I circumstances are an insmperable d fact. No law hinders. Custom has e nothing to do with it. Itise simply that the writer i a woma and aa lady, and caot bring herself-- a never thinks of bringing haeself- -i to do what men do imtlimbively in a the line of the mane pr5.esion * And, M bshe did it, it woonid not he Ii the same thing. P &senic politias, them, is c iedy 4 what i left tb bher of teal politi :a if, indeed, 'tbat be real polities. !r Certainly it is that pant of politics Lt which least needs cherishing. It is e politics just dipping into personali Is ty-personality the least offensive, p it is true, but politics the least im y proving, either to politician or con k stituent. Congress is public pro a perty ; and I suppose we have a i- perfect right to gaze at its members r from the galleries, and pen-photo d graph their Sphinx-like faces, their haughty lips, their beetling brows, a their opal eyes, and their majestic p noses, for circulation in the rural - districts. To be snre, I never saw t a congressman who looked any more like a Sphinx than he did like a lynx, or any other sort of cat or wild beast whatever ; though, for a that matter, I never saw a Sphinx, and am; therefore, no judge of - sphinxitic physiognomy. But has r this kind of criticism a tendency to r make or to keep public men up 1 right ?. So far as it has any in ) fluence at all, is it not to call of at e tention from careful, conscientious, impartial work, and to make a man rather aspire to present a good ap pearanee on the public stage ? Al ready that tendency is sunficiently sI trong. A "spicy scene," a piquant repartee, will be telegraphed from one end of the country to the other ; when careful research and solid ar gument, that really advance the case and would really infdiny the Speople, are buried past resurrection I in the colunts of'the ('ongrEv'sioeal S(lthle'. But women fall into this current, and float along with it rather than resist it. They do it t not only in Congress, but they do it everywhere. If they are reporting the proceedings of their own con ventions, they will give yon the color of the feather in Phoebe Coz zen's hat ; hut Mrs. Howe's weigh tiest epigram they will leave you to learn from a chance comer or from a male reporter. If you remonstrate with them, they say the publishers want it. It is personality that is most in demand. Every fresh batch of eyes and noses, of ample cloaks and leonine hair, is in response to :t fresh call. They are valued as letter-writers because they do this kind of thing so well. And it has even happened that a man has been asded at headquarters whether he could not fashion his letters a little more like those of his wife- headquarters not being aware that the lady in question was his wife. Yes, but the worst crime of which we can accuse a isman is yielding to temptation. Not the most wily and wicked politician that ever wrought it except for the sake of procuring I some good to himself. How are , women to introduce incorruptilili- I ty into politics if at the first stroke of the ,nblishler's wand ihey con- t sent to descend ? Why is it worse for a man to vote below his best than it is for a woman to write be low her best ? Why is it worse for a politician'to "talk buncombe" than.it is for a woman to write it ? RI Hl.. ! To be sure it does. The very worst letter to which I have referred--the one whose pen was dipped in venom to describe a comrade-was copied into other papers as a "charming" letter. But are women coming into political and public life to confirm or to colmbat trivial taste and low inclina tion ; to render public serviee more effective, or to obtain a share of the spoils;to minister more skillfully to the love of gomuip, or to substitute for it something worthy of both men and womet ? Itrsr lef is Pfkiladlphisa. ( The Nw National Era of Sept. 7, f says: A Cargo of fresh Teras beel, a packed in ice, and cooleld by b bnI driving a current of air dver tu ie in the ship's hold, and thence oCr the beef, has recently arrived in Philadelphia, and created a great O deal of excitement amot tm h batch- a era, by being sold at lee than half t the price of the beef in the city a markets. Thbd in of the lacky a ship hired butehers, and converted I his 1oreeatle into a meat'marLet alM, wher~lhe sold i&aki akg at temtaa pouad. The meat eot ] him, I' Tea, bouat three .at r pound, coumnati tbhe te t the ice. The tinre s fou dtgbe as hereh 'id sweet as whin Grrt a ahl plsu;M a' uemi-ws l Ii.e of I vessels, similarily, loaded is talked of If this enterprise succeeds, it will completely revolutionize the most trade of the Atlantic coast cities, and have a marked effect upon the Western trade in cattle and beef, as cattle in Texas are worth only from three to five dol lars a head, and dressed beef, in fair conditiop, can he furnished at less than three dollars per hundred weight, delivered on shipboard in Galveston harbor. Mutton can also be delivered in the same way, at the same port, for an almohst merely nominal price. Refrigerator ships, if they succeed, may even bring beef from South America. The effect of this upon some of our Northwestern industries can be conceived. DISCOVERY OF COFFEE. Toward the middle of the fifteenth century, a poor Arab was traveling I through Abyssinia; and, finding him self weak and weary from fatigue, I he stopped near a grove. . Then be- I ing in want of fuel to cook his rice. he cut down a tree which happened to be covered with dead berries. His meal being cooked and eaten, I the traveler discovered that the half I burned berries were very fragrant. He collected a number of these, and t on crushing them with a stone, he found that their aroma increased to a great extent. While wondering i at this, he accidentally let fall the I substance in a can which contained l his scanty supply of water. Lo, I what a miracle! The almost putrid liquid was instantly purified. He brought it to his lips; it was fresh, agreeable; and in a moment after the traveler had so far recovered t his strength and energy, as to be able to resume his journey. The lucky Arab gathered as many ber ries as he could, and having arrived at Arden, in Arabia, he informed the c mufti of his discovery. That wor thy divine was an inveterate opium smoker, who had been sunlfering for years fromn the inflnence of that poisonous drug. He tried an in fusion of the roasti i I erries, and was so delighted at the recovery of I his own vigor, that in gratitude to the tree he called it cahuah, which j in Arabic signifies force. And that is-the way in which coffee was dis covered. cAPACITY OF THE NEGRO. The editor of the Le'i.ure Hour, a London publication, has recently visited America, and gives the fol lowing with regard to the capacity of the negro for acquiring educa tion: As to the intelleotual capacity ofl colored children, 1 prefer quotin testimonies of r'ore weight than my own. Rev. Mr. Zincke says: "I must confess my astonishm'ent at the intellectual acuteness dis- a plalaik by a class of dolored pupils. la They had acqunired, in a short space o of time, an amount of knowledge J truly remarkable, Never, in spy fa school in England, and I have vis- 2 ited many, have I found the pupils I able to comprehend so readily the n senses of their lessons; never have I heard pupily ask questions which showed a clearer comprehension of the subject they were studying." Nor is this intelligence mere "quick ness at the npsake," as the Scotch call it, or precocious ancuteness in acquiring knowledge soon to be forgotten. M. IHippean visited Oberlin College, and what he saw entirely confirmed the opinions formed in the schools of the South. '"The colored girls of the highest lsmes,"pe'esys,"appeared in no ease I inferior to their white companions o otheuam eage." In 1868 thde- ti gee of B. A. was conferred .upon Wlteen yoang olored women. The ii poineipal of the collegein his ad' drem to the student., stated that in literary taste and ability these eld- 8 ored pupil. were nexocelled bylny I ,of their hite fellow-graduates a The P arossur all gave the mine aissey.au to their papb;sad p ith d to moral 'hbrtster, M. a ' 'was eseatheaiat thuewrqro te race forded a fifth of tbiEmpp l. tion of Oberni, and that "the nodt - lbh wel-behavred aad std i- eti m o the plae bdelaged j to th colored race." Critical Prril of Iames Life. t From the age of forty to that of sixty, a man who properly regulates himself, may be considered in the prime of life. His matured strength of constitution renders himself al most impervious to the attack of disease, and all his functions are in the brightest order. Having gone a year or two past sixty, however, he arrives at a critical existence; the river of Death flows before him, and he remains at a standstill. But athwart this river is a viaduct, called " The turn of life," which, if eroed in safety, leads to the valley of "Old Age," round which the river winds, and thej flows beyond without a boat or causeway to effeot its pan. sage. The bridge is, however, con strqited of fragile materials, and it depends upon how it is trodden whether it will bend or break. Gout, apoplexy, and other had char acters, are also in the vicinity to wa3'land the traveller, and thrust him from the pass; but let him gird up his loins, and provide himsel with perfect composure. To quote a metaphor, the " Turn of life " is either into a prolonged walk or into the grave. The system and power, having reached their utmost expan sion, now begin either to close like flowers at sunset, or break doawn at once. One injudicious stimulant, a single fatal excitement, may force it beyojod its strength; whilst'a care ftif supply of props, and the with drawal of all that tends to force a plant will sustain it in beauty and in vigor until night has nearly set in. The New Orleans papers furnish the following information with ref erence to IMP1RTNTS' (W'UMINAL ('AME. There are now pelding in the First District Court the following capital cases: Francis A. Morris, murder, out on bond. Timothy Hayes, murder, out on bonds. J'ames Lindsey and J. W. Simith, murder, in jail. Edward Donnelly, murder, in jail. Peter Johnson, murder, out on bond. D. F. Leschiusky, murder, in jail. Jules A. Vinet, murder, in jail. T. H. Winchell, murder, in jail. Ephraim Maurice, murder in jail. John and Wm. Boyd and Pasteur, murder, in jail. Lucien Preval, mneder, in jail. M. F. Rogers, murder, in jail. Peter Lewis, murder, in jail. Sarah Cincinia, murder, out on bonds. John Dwyre, murder, in jail. J. Comasky, murder, outon boids. John Nixon, arson, in jail. Of the above cases the following are fixed for trial; Jules A. Vinet and John Dwyre, each for murder, on the 28th of September, and James Liundsey and J. W. Smith, for murder, on the 9th of October. The case of the Bqyd brothers and Pasteur, for the murder of Mr. Rai ney, is also fixed for the 9th of Oc tober. PARSH EXcUTIrnE CuMMITrrE- At a meeting of the Parish E~ec utive Committee, held on Aunat 24th, the following resolutionsire offered by Mr. E. Duplesai, of tte Seventh Ward, and unanimosly adopted: REOLrVD, ThaL we, the Pa~imh Executive Committee of the Paish of Orleans, do endorse the action of the State Convention held at Tar ner's Hall, August 9th0, as the regu lar Convention of the Republican party of Louisiana. RsoLVED., That we recognize the State Central Committee of which Hon. P. B. 8. Pinclhack ispresident, ad Wn. gers, ueet, as t Supreme bead of the Bepmhliea party of this State; and pledge our undivided support to mia Cowmm4 tee. A true copy hoem the inltes W. a. GRZEEN, Vie ?u t qId Aot'g Pres't J. D. Q Ur t~3Lfl Beeordn'g See. 1. P.liaPnPt,'Co'n'g ee. RATES OF ADVERTISING. r Sqaes o mos 3 mos 1 yr 1 Ore $4 07 $9 p1 S$ Two 7 9 is so 8 5 Three 9 12 90 Four 15 2 35 65 70 Five 90 35 45 60 85 Six |24 42 60 t 1-00 IColumna. 45 80 1 70 175 250 Transient advertisements, $1 50 per square first insertion; each subseqiat inqertion, 75 cents. All basinesm noeles of advertisemte to be charged twenty cents per line each insertion. Jos Pummrwo executed with mentages and dispatch. Weitknug Cards executed in accoedmoes with prevaling baints. Funeral Notices printed on shortest no. tics aw with qd .w dispateh 26 St. Charles Street 26 Prompt attention given to civil business in the several courts bf the State. P A. P. Fletd At obert Dolton Attorneys aid Conncellors at Law. No. 9 Co(, mer.ial Place, 2nd Floor. .-o I"Strict Attention to all Civil and Criminal businses in the State and United States Court. INI'IAX('E C'OMPAMN 8--BA Y KS. LOUISIANA MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY orrncE, No. 120 comMON STR~Tr. INSITRES FIRE, MARINE AND RIVER RISKS AND PATS LAWBm IN New Orleans, New York, Liverpool, London, Havre, Paris, or Brennen, at the option of the insured. CHARLES B1RIG(S, President. A. CARRIERE, Vice-President. J. P. Bovx. Secretary. E Mi P I U E MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK NO. 139 BROADWAY. Gen. 1: ,Smith. i re Ptest. G. IIllon SAribner. Pre.t., L IH. Waters. Aduary. ,'l,,cry W. (Wifd. ecty., Ebeesr (Clpp. ,sqip. Aenres. T. K Mary. Medl. Eier., Agends, N'e Orrans Pnscsasdt AAroum THE FIKEDIE AN'S IAVTIN S AND TIUST COMPANY Chartened by the United Statee Government, March, 1865. PIvIeCIPAL OFFICE, WAsRINOTON, D. 0. D. L. EATON.....Actuary. BRANCH AT NEW ORLEANS, LA. 114 Caroudelet )treetL C, D. 8TURTEVANT, Cashier. Bank Hours...........9A. x. to 3 rl'a Saturday Niglts ........ 6 to 8 o'~,o-k ho im at. tt; -----AB,-- Oneral Commikn Merchant ---- -.. .__. Agent for th.ele oI eaI, isq, etc., OFFICE AND SALS-ROOM, 168 POYDRAS STRE,' NEW ORLEANS, LA. lret erewces: Mea- s -- . - ., ~o db~~iii~C Wi