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Pubi.ýe5J 7here l-Ls ,trul "'uad, ly3
OFFICE 114 CARON1,ELET rsr5EEELI,
NEw OnLExNS LI.
*la, G. BlROW~, Editor and Publisher.
P. B. S. PINCHBACK, Manager.
MISSISSIPPI : - Daniel E. Young,
LOUISIANA :-John A. Washington,
Black Hawk, Concordia Parish; Hon. O.
Y. Kelso, Alexandria; Antoine & Sterrett,
Shreveport, A. C. Ruth, Carroll Parish.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA :-TJames
A. D.Greea, Washington City.
ILLINOIS :-Lewis B. White, Chicago.
KENTUCKY:--Dr. R. A. Green, Louis
Ms. Gso. E. P.uus is our special
agent, and is authorized to solicit
subscriptions and receive payment
SUNDAY SEPT. 24 1871.
OUR 't11Ol('E FORl PRESIDENT, 1872:
U. S. GRANT.
STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE.
PR'as'T P. B. S. PINCHBACK of Orleans.
REcoRnun Sr.c'v - WILLIAM VIGERS.
CoUarEsrONIJ[IN SEt: '-J. W. FAIRFAX.
[FOR THE STATE AT LAlRGE..]
EDWARD lUTLEI, of Plaquenlines.
S. S. SCHMII)T, of Orlean4.
THOMPSON ('OAKELY, ,f R.pidts.
ALBERT G(ANTT. of St. Landry.
JOHN PARSON, of Orhlans.
A. W. SMYTHI, of Orleans.
H. RABY. of Natitoche4.
JAMES McCLEER, ('addo.
DAVID YOUNG, ('oncirdia.
F. J. HERRON, of Orleans.
First (',,ngri -ioal 1)isltrict IIugh J.
CauiI,.ll, 11. JL.!r ntc,.
Scctnid ('on:ir i natl I)istrict -A. E.
Iarlorr, Jautis L. it Ilni.
'I'lT ir I (' n rct;,, in..1 ])istri,-t T'I',k a.t,,
11. Ntltnd. (G o.rg:. \W elhitgton.
Fourth Conl;ressiona.l )istrict E. W.
Dewees, ltRadfor Illt
Filth Cotngr -i nad l 1i.tnri t A W.
Faulkncr. A. II arr;i.
Hon. HUGH J. CAMPBELL, Chair
Hon. P. B. S. I'INCIIBACK.
Hon. HARRY MAHIIN EY.
lion. F J. IIERRI;N.
Hon. A. I. HARRIS.
Hou. A. E. BARBER.
lIon. F. J. IIERR()N.
ion. THOSR . J. NOLAND.
Hon. El. BUTLER.
lHon. A. W. FA'LKNEI.
JOHN PAl '(INON Esq.
iA horrible case of cruelty,
amonnting to murder has been
made out against two performers
who practiced last season at the
Academy of Music in this city. The
man with the iron jaw, and the
Samsonian woman who travelled
with him, whose feats many of our
readers doubtless witnessed, had
it will be remembered a remarkably
tiny little boy with them. From
the parts which this unportunate
child had to take it was necessary
to keep him as light as possible,
and starvation was resorted to for
this purpose. While the company
was engaged at Stormville, Duchess
county, the poor child was shut
up to keep him from obtaiining food.
Urged by hunger, he begged and
obtained something to eat from a
cook; on discovery of it, the female
Samson beat him so unmercifully,
that he shortly after died from the
combined efects of the blows and
starvation. This condnct has been
denounced and there is strong pro
bability that a trial will be had.
agThe latest telegraphic infor
mation from Washington, with re
ference to the disposition which
President Grant will make of the
Custombous gunners, will be that
of dismissal from office of Messrs.
Packard, Casey and Lowell.
asThe city papers of Thursday
report Robert Randolph as having
come again to grieL He has been
detected in an effort to obtain mon
ey from the National Banking As
sociation, on a forged check. Ac
cused is in prison to await his trial
having failed to procure bail for his
WgWe acknowledge with many
thanks to 'thedonor, the due re
ceiptofa copy of "MardiO Gra;"
a tale of Ante-Bellum Times, by
Jim Linkh1wate. Tb work may
be had at 151 Camp street.
THE ROMANCE OF TiHE iNE-'
Mr. Pollard thinks, and says very
properly that since the experiment
of freedom to the negro has beetn
tried in the United States, and even
under all the obstacles and disad
vantages which the newly en
franchised has labored under, he
has in hundreds of instances fully
demonstrated the utter falseness of
the theories of his unfitness for
freedom and self control, built up
and strenuously urged against him
while he was forcibly held in ser
vitude, it was time for the South to
acknowledge the fallacy of its theo
ries and the unjustness of its treat
ment of the negro and of his friends
and advocates in the North. Says
Mr. Pollard, "there is nothing more
remarkable of the present disposition
of the negro than the kindness of his
reference to his former condition of
slavery, and the utter absence of any
disposition to retaliate upon his former
taskmasters and to exact revenge for
the past. The negro is seldom heard
referring . tth any bitterness to his
antecedent experiences as a slave ; on
the contrary, the colored speaker has
frequently a pleasant reminiscence .to
tell of this former part of his history.
An explanation of this temper is pos
sibly to be found in some dim, imper
feet consciousness of the negro that
slavery was not without benefits to
him in the past. and may have done a
providential part in making him what
he is to-day -a hopeful experriment of
civilization. The Northern politician
who insists that the negro is already
capable of discharging the full offices
of citizenship and suffrage logically
implies a triblut to the !beneficence of
slavery even greater than miany of its
most zealous southern advocates ever
claimed for it. T'he negro himself
seems to have a sense of this logical
necessity in his case, and is not near
so busy in reproaches of his former
subjection as a slave as sonme of his
would-be Nor horn friendlsare for him.
The propotiitiou that underlies these
phenomena, and that will explain
them, is this : Slavery may have deon
a providential part, now lint dimly
perceived and imperfectly acknow
ledged, in educating the negro to that
point wchenict lhe was likely to advance
rather than to retrograde and fall
back into comparative barLwHisni (as
was the c';a in the exlperiment of
\Vist Itndian em.ancipation, which imay
have leen a failure on accouLnt of the
short or intlerfect alxlrenitieship of
the. negro thl're as a slave :) and,
having in the S iuth thus educated the
A frican to it safe point, to the full (on
diti in of rilpe nmes for freedom, it anay
be that thl' sl.avery of the South. its
inissieati perfiormel, was rcunvted1 le,
.t' of God, it the same manlner of
,rovitdeuve in which we see in historvy
t.any institution6 overtlhrewn wvlhich
wi r,' at first ailds in the cause of
lhuman progress, and afterward cane
to1e. stumbling-llhcksand oppressioni
as tlthat li.gr'. e ovel"rgrew its early lie
ctts-ili.s :iu detll:Rdnll itw at:d larger
,plpiortunitit's. Here is a nmost lappl
grl'unld of aecotnUnodation for the two
lrties that have long beten engaged
in discussing the deserts of negro
slavery in the South. We may ac
knowledge an indebtedness to it in the
;ast, and at the s:ame time allow that
its abolition was timely and fortunate,
as that of a her h school that hal
done its work anld could have existed
no longer but as a superfluity and in
justice. Let the Northern man on his
side confess that slavery did imnrove
tihe negro in the past, and has made
him presently capable of civilization ,
and let the Southern man, with equal
candolr and generosity on his side.
admnait that the nigro since released
from slavery has continumi tii imprlove.
and has shown that he deserved his
frteedom and is able to use it with dis
cretion and( to increase. The negro
himself joins in his own person to-day
bhth aruguments; and testifies to each
--his past indeibteilue to slhvery and
his siree nt worthiness of freedoa ;
the two facts perfectly reconcilable,
and the slavery question nccommoslat
edl at once, swept forever, as this
writer fervently prays and hopes, from
the arena of discussion.'
The writer then proceeds to draw
attention to the remarkable fact
that all experience of the negro,
since emancipation, has been pro
gross. "The negro moves," he says,
significantly. His thirst after
knowledge-his eagerness for edu
cation-his industry, which bears
favorable comparison with other
poor classes-the absence of general
intemperance, "which has been the
usual scourge of weak races, and
the almost unfailing incident of a
plrecCious civilization, is compara
tively unknown among the Southern
frteedmen," his economy, as attested
by the freedmen's banks of the
country, and by the provision of
home comforts which so many men
1rocure out of seaity wages, all
combine to furnish irrefragable tes
timony in favor of the jnustice and
propriety of freedom.
Mr. P. then passes from this gen
endl treatment of the subject to the
interesting illustration of "many
interesting points of the negro."
The first is his eloquence, says he:
'His universlly admitted gifts of
imagination, his extraouinary faculty
of langnuage, his delight in rhetorice!l
exercise, afford reason to believe that
there may yet be in reserve a der elop
ment of ncegro character to aistnish
the world. and to confer upon himn an
interest new and altogether romantic.
Tle command of language w hich
even tilhe unleducated negro shows is
singuldar ; almost marvellous when we
consider that, unable to write, he has
only had the means of atquiring words
by the ear, and that in a limited inter
couree with the white man suoh as was
allowed him in slavery.
of wo ob 1a
he has an wpxi*e
and even in the
therera ot a
the dArvata.g of tiing *o .dmeted
white persons but might command on
cc asion not a few words of "learned
"It was testified by the late Recon
struction Conunittee of Congress that
the best tpeech made before them in
Ich:if of the eedmlnii,,i, of Virginia
was that of a young negro named
Bland, who until the date of emanci
pation had been a slave; and it is re
markable that on this occasion Bland
spoke in behalf of what was then called
* 'the white man's party" in Virginia,
and stood in company with some of
the most distinguished old politicians
of that State, whose oratorical efforts
he surpassed. He was only twenty-five
years old, -and the promise of his
genius was cut short by his untimely
death in the Capitol disaster at Ricl
The writer had the fortune to hear
this sable orator but a little while be
fore his death. Heo wasa brown-colored
negro, slightly formed, dressed with
scrupulous neatness, and had an ease
and modesty of behavior that made a
graceful combination, and at once con
ciliated his audience. The occasion
was a political convention at Lynch
burg, in which it was stated that a
certain white man had obtainedaquasi
independent nomination for Congress,
and threatened to divide the Radical
vote with the regular nominee. Bland
expostulated, but to no purpose; the
white candidate had evidently made
ul his mind to follow Mr. Sumner's
advice to Secretary Stanton in the
matter of office-holding, and to "stick."
Bland at last had recourse to denun
ciation. It was a spectacle not to lbe
forgotten, one indeed that epitomized
a great social revolution. and was
worthy of historical distinction. A
negro, elate with passion, pointing the
tifiger of scorn and of command at a
white rman, who a few years ago might
luIe ,ebought hiu- as cattle in the
shambhlels, and held at lash over his
bodyly; absalhing one of his former mas
ters or drivers by ia Sulwerior virtue,
and plresuming to rebuke him in the
lenaue' of a great plsliti'al lparty ! He
sploke for twenty or thirty minutes,
sonnetimes in rea'lly choiee language,
and with a flneuav in which there was
not a .ingle break. N,, report of the
ex:ct wordas can lie attempted from
menmory; leat the subltance of the
speech was well detined and connected.
He said tha;t oflice-seeking had been
alleged as a reproach of his race; it was
an hionoiralel ambition to serve the
public (anid here he' quhit4l a senti
rent frmil Daniel Wel.ater's funeral
oration on Calhoun); "'ut" (and here
lihe is reported~ "it lneeded not Holy
Writ to enforce' the lesson that the last
should bse first, and that lie only was
tit to gove'rn who wa. aithe to obey."
He concluhetel eloeiuently, buit the
nlieg',ro' chalracttri.stic ftondns.i for big
word's stuck in at the last. He would
faistel i ll'oll the refractorv white can
,lidtlie "'the worst a:itic' that the great
lihpullhie:nin p:uty hlad. for its worst
1,ii .luit., thoe. who were enemies in
liliis,; ;a naull;ii thiat would follow him
to ilis l,,litical gr:ave'--the nanme is-or
d,,o,-i-Zr',''" The weight of the last
word, with the' enpiaia s and delibera
tio, I,estowed upon, it, was crushing.
Thie Is'st test of chlquence is its effect;
aid 1 it,' collclusioli was that the white
1a.|iant got lup, and said in a very
whininug. eundicuieat tone that lie
S'lee, I lea :ve to say, after the euldress
of Mlist0"r llland, that he blsgged leave
to withdraw hlis nlinme as that of a can
didlite for Conl'gress."
And so, through his letter, does
this ingenuous ex-slaveholeler, bear
inlilartial, and therefore, valuable
testinlamny to the justice of the ne
gro's clailt to the poss.ession- and
exercise of all of thllses rights and
ptrivileges which are granted to
Olbviosly, it was net to be ex
pected that whole communities of
men, whose lives have been spent in
looking on the negro as necessarily
inferior, and unft for freedom,
would instantly have acquiesced in
the decision which the sword gave
to a grave and long disputed ques
tion. But it is to be expected that
reasonable and thinking men will
acknowledge the existence of the
undeniable and irreversible fact of
negro freedom, that they will hon
estly examine and investigate the
results of the dkperiment of freedom
-that they will scrutinize him as
strictly as they see fit, and ascertain
from actual experience whether or
no he is fit for freedom. This is
the ordeal that the negro can stand
and he invites the application of
such tests as ordinarily obtain in
The result will not be uncertain,
the South willf discover that in every
department, Education, Iudustry,
Religion, Politics, Science, every
where, the negro has exhibited, and
is exhibiting the possession of qual
ities which indubitably stamp him
as the equ:d of any other race, and
the titled claimant to equal rights
with all men.
We are the more anxious to wit
ness the honest trial and decision
of this important qnestion, because
the interests of the people at large,
irrespective of race or color, are of
necessity so identical, their sesocia
tions are of force so intimate and
constant, that it is to the mutnual in
terest of the late owner and the
late slave, to cultivate friendahip and
adliance, to mutually promote each
others interest, and promote State
prosperity, by those mutual conces
sions and considerations which ob
taih among other classes of men.
WiThe Missiasippi weekly LearW
says that Ex-Governor Holdea , of
North CarolinaP, has become editor
in ehief of the Wahigtoa (D. C.)
w We lhad the ples.*se 'a
.~tienduI wel a w; -..is
to our snatwan Hoo. A. £ . Naber.
AN ETERNAL DEMOCBAT.
On Thursday last we found
a little half-sheet, a poor % ai among
our exchanges,- holding- up it tily
tingers, with an X on ,.eac1, to "t.
tracktour notice. Naturafl com
passionate and fond of pets, we
snatched up the diminutive bant
ling, and found that it had just
been ushered into existence in Ab
beyville, Parish of Vermillion, and
already baptised-whether by im
mersion or sprinking we cant say
"The Independent" It owes pater
nity, and guidance to J. A. Meagher
Esq., who with somewhat of the
disposition of a Hamilcar, has
pledged the little Hannibal to eter
nal enmity, to Badicali n in gen
eral, and John A. Leet in particular.
The Independent denounces the
fourteenth and fifteenth amend
ments as conceived in fraud born
in iniquity and supported by vio
lence and usurpation; announces
its uncompromising hostility to.
every Radical man and measure
anywhere, and it wants Alex. H.
Stephens elected to the Presidency
of the United States in 1872.
You are evidently a child with
lofty aspirations, and promising
qualities, but your friends ought
not to trust you to walk too soon.
If we had anything to do with the
nursing, we would oompel you to
creep first anyhow. We have put
you among our exchanges, and now
visit us regularly.
KEEP Coor..-There is no neces
sity in the world for the flutter of
anxiety which has been created by
a taurd in yesterday's Times, im
proved and embellished by certain
Customhouse employees, to the
effect that Governor Wormoth vis
ited United States Marshal Pack
ard's office and proposed a compro
mise with that functionary and
" manifested a willingness to retract
the assertions" made at Turner's
We can inform our readers
that no such thing took place. The
Governor had occasion to visit the
granite building to see another
Federal officer, and Gen. A. Sheri
dan who accompanied having visit
ed the Marshals' office and not re
turning as soon as was expected,
the Governor went to the Marshals'
office, and while there, then was the
indulgence in a mutual pleasant
bantering about recent sayings and
doings, resulting in leaving matters
just when they were before the in
T. MORRIS CHESTER, ESQ.
Elsewhere in our columns ap
pears the notice of a lecture by T.
Morris Chester, Esq., to be delivered
at St. James A. M. E. Chapel, (Ro
man street,) on Thursday Evening,
the 28th instant, when Lieutenant
Governor Dunn will preside.
Mr. Chester is a lawyer of whom
America may justly beproud. Not
withstanding the frequent and per
sistent announcement in high places
that the negro is incapable, and in
efcient in the profession, in Mr.
Chester's high attainments we have
indisputable evidence,not only of the
negro's capacity, of his indomitable
will and perseverance under diffi
culties, but of his ability to cope
with the most favored of the races,
and to win success.
This gentleman is making a tour
through the South to secure a more
intimate knowledge of his people,
whose elevation has been the con
stant purpose of his life.
The subject of his lecture, (These
are they that eame out of great trib
ulation,) is suggestive, and we be
speak for him a geberous welcome.
The Louiskile (mnmercial of July
9th, has the following:
Mr. Cheter's career in Europe has been
of so markedly distingushed a character
a shaort asketch of his career wiU not
Mr. Cheater was born in Harrisburg, in
1834. He went through a course of stndy
in avery Col lege, Aleghany City, and in
1a west to IAeria, whr he studied the
condition o theAbsma, mking equep nt
excursions to the interior, andaeqasintlng
himself with the cstoms and peuliarities
of the natives. A year later heretnrned to
the United Shies, ad aenteed Thtford
Academy, in Vermost where he gpaiest
ed in 1864 aad maiha soemor syto
Afrie. In Moorovia, the Isqet ett i,
the Republic of Lberiai, he prmactieed law,
and engaged in teaching, obtaining all the
information in his power of the apacities,
ineinations and hasie of the people of
the cost mottleaente sad the tribesof the
interior. Bypersona oberales he ei
tained a practical knowledge of the oem.
try, adesan speak intlligetly of it. In
188, fesllsag dalrs to el i ths p -
erawio of th Unies, he aermed to this
canstry, ad was exemse sevne ines
organimaosn of elored taoppe is the
ast ln 186. Mrv. (etr womsto LOI
andi thr Y llYd Ahclm , taS
wh bssamah p .is in .s.. md .
erted consideeable liaence. Jir. Chester's
efforts were signally successful, and he re
turned to this country in 1864, and became
the war correspondent of the Washington
S7,ro'icle and Philadelphia Press, from the
In 186c, Mr. Chester went again to Eng
land, and ealy, in 1667 appared In St.
PetefViurg, hausia, as an agent of the
Freedmen Educational Soeiety, estb
lished in Philadelphia under the presiden
cy of the philanthropist, Mr. Stuart.
While in the Russian capital his creden
tials from the pronpinentmenof his native
country insured bias the entree to royal
circles, and the recognition of the noble
classes. The New York Sue, last Janu
ary, gave a long sketch of Mr. Chester's a
appearance on the staff of the Emperor, at
a grand review of 80,000troops. The dis
tinction with which be was treated oca
sioned much comment at the time.
Leaving Russia, Mr. Chester visited
nearly all of the principal countries of
Europe, and was received at the courts of
each with marked honor, as the represen
tative of the eelored people of the United
States. He also visited Paris during the
grand exposition there, after which he re
turned to England, where he was received
by Her Majesty the'Queen of England.
In London, desirous of being admitted
to the London bar, he entered the temple
for three years, and in April 1870 was
called to the bar as barrister-at-law, and
with his wig and gown took his seat as the
peer of gentlemen of the English bar.
Moncure D. Conway, in his letters to the
Cincinnati 'Cen.s<ercial, speaks of listening
to Mr. ('heater conducting the defense of
a man charged with murder, and his suc
cess in clearing his client. Mr. Chester
was the first black man of the United
States ever called to the ]nglish tbar, and
his success is a matter of pride not only
to his race but to every American. His
abilities as a man, his education and
cultivation, have surrounded him with
friends abroad, who have treated him with
a high personal consideration regardless
of his dusky color. Mr. Chester is a full
blooded negro, tall, well formed, with a
sensible face adorned with a short mons
tache and beard. He has a good voice
and a cultivated pronunciation, and above
all, possesses pleasing manners.
On .Thursday evening Sept. 28,
T. Morris Chester, Esq., will de
liver a lecture in St. James Chapel
Theme: "These are they that come
out of great tribulation."
The Shreweport Republican of
September 16th, gets off the follow
ing at the expense of its city:
"We heard on the street a few
days since a remark derogatory to
the enterprise of our citizens, that
the market house was a disgrace to
the city. Another person, a by
stander, replied ' We had better get
something to put in a market house
before we build a new one.' Which
is it, a new market house or a bet
ter supply of marketable products?
We opine it is both."
The New York Tribune of Sept.
19, furnishes this item:
"The Pittsburg Post of to-day
contains an editorial proposing a
Sixteenth amendment to the Con
stitution, to remove the disablity
from citizens of foreign birth from
being eligible for the Presidency,
giving Carl Schurz an even chance
with Fred. Douglaes. It is the in
tention to push the matter with
Mr. Editor :
Possibly, no contemplated as
semblage among colored people
ever attracted so much attention in
advance as the Southern States Con
vention, which expects to meet in
Columbia S. C. Oct. 18th. It has
given rise, not only to a deal of crit
icism from the rebel press, but to a
host of specunlations from Republi
can newspapers. The all absorb
ing question appears to be, what
are the colored people going to do.
Are they going to draw distinctive
lines between the white and color
ed. Are they going to recommend
emigration to Africa, to Hayti, to
the West, to New Mexico. Are
they going to memoralize Congress
and ask for the State of Texas, for
the use of the freedmen, for free
echools, for more protection, or are
they going to organize eounter
Ku Klux associations, or are they
going there to spout and gas, and
adjourn and do nothing, as has to
frequently beesn the case in oar
I am not prepred, Mr. Editor,
to speak for he convention in a
manner that might ap~ear to da
~ne what will be its charactbbut
I think previous colored conven
tions will be no criteriaa for to
measuretihe standard of this by. The
men that will mail compose this
caventios, it is true, will be
iraigers to esch other, but are
men who ha,. aksared mde their
thought they were doing their
constituents great servise in de
livering windy declamations, seem
ingly forgetfull that their rhia
fiourmese would never reach be
yond the threshold of the house in
which they were speaking.
This convention will be made up
of material quite different ; the
gt ntlemen likely to attend this
convention will be adepts in par
liameatry rules, accustomed to
committees, and experts on re
ports, resolutions, Ac. This will
not only accelerate business, but
will give it a shape, and clothe it
with a power that will command
public attention. And while no l
one can conjecture what will be the
work of the convention, yet, there
is one thing sure, the amount of
brain and learning that is coming
together, will find plenty to do, and
will doubtless do it well. We glean
the following from a few prominent
gentlemen if reports can be relied
upon, but if we are mistaken, we
hope the gentlemen will not think
It is likely Mr. Marding, of Ten
nessee, will strongly advocate the
propleority of the colored people
settling on government lands, as
fast as they can get to them.
Mr. Isaac Myers, of Baltimore, will
strongly advocate co-operative asso
ciations, and urge this rule for the
colored people in stores, trades, etc.
Mr. J. C. Gibbs, of Florida, will
urge upon the colored people, the
necessity of fifty or a hundred thou
sand moving from Democratic States
to Flosida, and keeping it Repub
Mr. Frederick Douglass will likely
urge the colored people to support
President Grant in purchasing San
Domingo, and annexing it to our
Mr. M. M. Turner, of Georgia,
will likely advocate a thorough or
ganization of all the Southern
States, with a salued President who
shall be known as chief of freed
men's affairs, and who shall take
cognizance of all matters relating to
the colored people.
Mr. I. M. Harris, of North Caro
lina, will likely advocate the pros
perity of the colored people endors
ing the renomination of General
A prominent gentleman from
Virginia, will strongly advocate the
separation of the white ahd colored
people, and try to show the folly of
the two races, trying to live per
And we might continue this train
of thought further, but it is useless
to do so, I think I have satisfied
those anxious to know what we are
going to do, that something will
likely be done or done at.
The fundamental principles upol,
which shall at some not far distanlt
day rest the happiness of the whole
human family is the law of compen
sation or co-operation. In a not
very delicate sense we say, " you
tickle me and I will tickle you," or
in more elegant language, a reci
procity of action toward a harmoni
ous fellowship in the whole family,
will tend more to a reconciliation
of those elements of contention in
society, which now agitates and
commands the attention of philoso
phers, statesmen and socialists.
Reason, right, justice and morality
are the corner stones of that spirit
ual building on earth, not made
with hands, but built upon thepure
divine characteristics of man, that
building, world-body or society in
which the whole race shall dwell on
terms of brotherly love, relief and
truth. Relief, we mean a recipro
cative action of every being with
and for his fellow-man. The good
order, peace and moral attribates of
a social order, rests upon the study
of those divine princes enunciated
from the " firt use," the ount·i,
the source of all trunth-principles
of truth coming from God. The
religion of reason or free will is the
only system of a divine sharater
which will bring aboPt a harmoni
ous indwelling of man with his
Maker, the oly systam whis will
bring about a reeomilitiso the
conflcting interests, opsiai s sad
principles of meats with sets oaders
pad soeieties, in lat of amu with
man. National ques#iom of gov
ernments, soeial qastios of wils,
moral questioe. ian seit all muet
be solved by a mutual dimion
rnd eoncesion nd a e.operetion
and ap mo and wilU at
m meat the odi hat sd mta
.us.oros 5. g odp.. 'the
-is udics a e or
tenance to all subject. havig for
their object the good of the whele.
The component parts of a material
msnLtance-a piece of
for instance-if they be searat.l
the mechanical adaptability of t, e
same will be destroyed and it ceases
to be a perfct wole. So wit
society with the human family. It
is a whole body of which the com
ponent parts are men, individuals
are integral parts of the whole body
politic. Separate the parts, and
the whole disintegrated elemen,,
become weakened and inuauct
the result-if the ,eparatij,i w2:a
complete and irrevocable oul, l 1,
utter ruin and the self-destructun;
of the whole body-destroyed in
detail. As sure as that man came
from a " first cause," and that cause
God, then so sure does he possess
though they may be ineactive, , le;,
of the attributes of the Deity -for
instance a reasonable sense of dis
crimination of right from wrong,
morality from innmorality, junti,.,.
from injustice, etc. Then why nout
form the whole into one sok'iety.
one religion--free w ill--a religion
of reason, resting uln the "first
cause" from which man himself
originated. Before the milleuium
this must be the state of man's re
lations with God, society's relations
with governments and "vice versa.
This is a subject so complex ill
its nature of so much interest to so.
ciety that we would be pleased to
hear from any one on the subject.
-ShretrL port Iepuld ic,.
A VIRGINIA JUDGE'S OPIN
ION OF EDITORS.
The recent death of the reueralle
Judge Leigh has revived many an
ecdotes connected with his long
and eventful life. Among them is
When Judge Leigh's court wasrn
session in Lynchburg, a number of
years ago, it so happened that Mr.
James McDonald, the present sec
retary of the commonwealth, break
fasted alone with him for several
mornings in succession. Conversa
tion ensued, without introdnetion,
and the Judge was so favorably im
pressed by his companion that he
at last asked him his name.
"Not the editor of the Lynchburg
Virginia editors just at that time
were not making themselves par
ticularly agreeable to men of Junoe
Leigh's tastes, so he turned to Mc
Donald and said bluntly:
"You must excuse me, but I can
hardly believe that you are an edi
tor. You have the manners of a
Don't bother editors whe.n they
are busy. Quilp stepped into the in
perial sanctum this morning to o-k
what he'd better write :an,
"Write about?" growled ti, I.-
gusted chief; "I think yu ha ;,
ter right about face! " and he :
Lien.-Gov. Rinser of South C(:r
olina does not like the proposition
that martial law be proclimed mn
any part of that State. He thinks
the remedy would be worse than
the disease, and that the civil pow
er is amply sufficient to repress edi
order. The result of the eatrollin
of Spartanburg County shows that
only military force can kep Ip'C
n the country.-- Y. r'ibues'.
THE ('IIARMS OF HOME.
sY MRS. M. V. VIWTOI.
Those of us who have cro(edl the
sea and among other sight-seein1g,
have gone to look upon the private
apartment of the great Qneen Eliz
abeth, carefully preserved a~ she
left it, have doubtless been most
forcibly struck with the differ-nc'
between the comforts and luxuries
enjoyed then and now. In many
reespects, the merchant's, or even
metenie's wife, in America, enjoys
more real luxury than all her powr
er could purchase for the "Maiden
seen." The coarse matting of
nrbsh which covers her floor forms
a cmtrast with the soft velvet on
which "Young America" treads.
Hr br)sekft was mid to consist of
brad, meat, and a pint of beer
Our fair American queens would
turn up their dainty noses at such
a meal as that !
To our apprehension, the most
diastinstive feature of this wonder
AIu age--so full of invention nd so
marked by great diueei*e ' Ihe
arubser of Aqap . Fooerly,
.miy the fawored few.h 5)obilitY
sad the w~elthiet inerhmts--were
--rned to live in se sad to enjoy
*em usno privilgs as then et
lu - i agim o dwelt in povt,
an ofth.e dorta else abow
th navm spetnga to impoe
thgir ecodiiam, nor toedd4Ml8