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Semi-weekly Louisianian. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1871-1872, November 12, 1871, Image 2

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1'ýbishied Tw,:ls iys as &a 3wtys.
Ornicx it C&RoDwnsurr sraznr,
N- w Onz.EAR IL.i
Em. 0. 1IO1i, Editor and Pmbliarr.
P. B. S. PINCHBACK. Manager.
OU AOGNIK.
1R( 188I PI -- & K.s I .g.I
Greenville.
LOUIRLtIA : -John A. Waahingtou,
slack Hawk, Coucordia Ppri, h; )Jon. G.
4. Kelso, Aleanudria. Antoine & Sterrett,
Sihraeport. A. C. Ruth, Curroll Pariah.
DISTRICT OF COLL'hBIA :-Jawes
A. D.Greea, Waehington City.
ILLINOIS :-Luwie B. White, Chicago.
KENTUCKY:-Dr. 1a. A. Green, Louis
ville.
Mn. Gao. E. PAIusI is our special
agent, and is authorized to solicit
aubecriptions and receive payment
of bills.
SUNDAY. NOVEMBER 12, 7 $71.
OUR CI'1OP'F FOR PHRASIDEVT. JX72:
U. S. GRANT.
STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE.
OFFICER=.
psaz&v--P. B. S. PINCHBACK ofOrleaws.
Itecoawue& Sasc --WILLIAM VIGERS.
DakEsPOXDzN SBc'r-J. W. FAIRFAX.
ýEMBIRS,
Po« mo Krunl AS LAnRoL]
EDWAIRD) BUTLER. of Phlquemines.
K. S. SCHMIDT, of Orleans.
* THOMPSON COAEELY, of Rapidea
ALBERT GANTT, of St. Landry.
JOHN PARSON, of O$leaus.
A. W. SMYTH, of Orleans.
H. ttRY, of Natitoches.
JAMES Mc(LEERY, Caddo.
DAVID YOUNG, eoneordia.
F. J. HERRON, of Orleans.
Fiat Congressional District-Hugh J.
Campbell, H. Malwoey.
Second Congressional District-A. E.
Barber, Janme L. Belden.
Third Conereseiondl District-Thomas
It. Noland, George Warinington.
Fourth (ongressionutl District-E. W.
P)ewos, Ratorl lRinat
Fifth ('on tression.d District-A. W.
jaulkner, A. B. Harris.
SU0EIEIITIVE 88MWITTEE.
Hon. HUGH J. CAMPBELL, Chair
Rann.
Hon. P. B. S. PINCHBACK.
lion. KARIIY MAHONEY.
lion. F. 3. HERRON.
Hon. A. B. HARRIS.
Hun. A. E. BARBER.
IIIAKCE COMMITTEL ,
IHon. .. IIElW.
lion. TITOn. .; ROLAND.
lion. Ed. BUTLER.
Hon. A. W. FAULKNER.
JOHN PAR k)N. Esq.
WAPHorntio Seymour w *sde
feated in the eletion to the New
York State Legislature.
S'pThe Louisiana InPt'llfqarcr is
contributisg its notes towards pro.
rnoting the removal of the Capital
from New Orleans to Baton lionge.
W~oMA'O Wnoxsc..--Virginia Wood
bull and Tennie Claffin's votes were
refused at the polls in New York on
Nov. 7, and Mrs. Woolhull cant
quietly endqtui the indhigllity so she
Jprotests against the t.rannny in a
long card.
WgHon. Harry Mahoney flepre.
puntative from tho parish ofjflaque
mines was in the city on Thiursdny
Ihst and paid ias a welcome viiit. He
returned home yesterday.
W'F~on. J. RI. West, United States
Senator from Louisiana, has arri
velin the city, whjereliekifllremain
for a sho't time et yew'!eeed to the
National Capital in tim9r for the as
.enabling of C~ongres Darly in De
grenber.
'gThe high rates of insuraIce
In Chiesgo, have induoed the pvo
prietors of wauehous~e to resolve
to provide thoepsehves with abtpid
sit facilties to extinguish tire., and
thus' obviate the neoeuaity for them
to insure theirroperty.
aw-The Young Veterans' Ball at
Mechanics' Institute, on Nov. *,
was attended by a large and re
spectable sameawblege. The amuse
anants of the eveniag weg etered
om-in the fall .pwr.st(he aeensson
aiud pqrqsed wit* ajaskity *nfti
.niuht lone.
A tempting aqpper Wle avit
aed receive4) litersl patronage. 4
we~l-tocked ber, with the Ilost ub
liging tenders was by igo meaam neg
leetel. We have the pleasure of
aggnpwledginq gattn*one.
" t 1d
talking about, and advocating some
question of reform, and either lay.
hag, or breaking up the foundation
of a reputation for solicitude over
the interests of the peofde, we t
may be permitted to mount our
barricades and sound our little
clarion notes in this direction in
our own way, and on a subject not
-in «ny.a " wehlla ..._o.1ý a
watched with pomaide ab~e inter
sat the eases which statedly and of
necessity come before the First Dis
trict Court for disposal, iwd we
have repeatedly wondered how it
was possible that such continual
losses of valuable time, such useless
expenditures of treasures of public
money could pass by unnoticed and
uncorrected. In the present lament
able condition of our criminal juris
prudence, to procure and conduct
the trial of a person who steals a 1
pair of shoes, or a hat, or a coat
worth $5, or otherwise commts of
fencesagainst "the peace and dignity
of tee State, the State is compelled to
spenll over tuo huaired dollars to
comupass his convict in. And this
As iepeated in each individual case.
The reason of this seems to be that
tUnre is go disti:ation between the
rods of ptld crimes, and the more
criaus oltences which properly call
into requisition the more ponder
vus forms and ceremonies of a1
Court of Justice. In a great many
well regulated comniummitiea the trial
and disposal of tri' i.d ,' ses is safe
ly and protjtably outrusted to the
judgment of one or two competent
officials and thus the array of a jury,
in itself an expense, and lall.the dis
bursenents following in the train.
is saved, justirs is done, and "the
liberty of the citizen" equally watch
ed over and guaranteed.
Such a reform would be nr,
aware involve many important
charges, ose even in our organic
law, if we rightly interpret that
instrument. But the benefits de
rivabte from a simplification and ex
pedition in the administration of
our criminal procedure are so im
mense that we are confident the
pains and labor to procure thenm
would be abundantly rewa :ded.
We are fully alive to the embar
rassments which could be presented
to the adoption of such a reform, and
we know the quarters from which
they would most readily spring;
but the experience of so many
places in which inferior courts, are
entrusted to a limited extent with
power over the "liberty of the citi
zen" shows that opposition on this
ground is a "bug-bear." But we
are anticipating. We throw out
the suggeation, and hope some of
our "potent grave and reverend
signors" will patriotically devote a
portion of their valuable time to
this great work, and serve the best
savint of an immense sum of
money'. heSteyannul
THE CROPS.
From many of the parishes
"they say" that the entire crop
of staple products will fall very
far short of last years, and con
siderably under the moderate
testimato for ti1i0 year. In many
places very little sugar will be made,
and indeed from several plantations
we hs ar that there is a fear that there
will be no grinding at all. The corn
crop will be much below that of
last yeqr, while cotton is hardly ex
pected to exceed two thirds of the
crops of1870. A variety of causes
have unfortunately been coincidenti
in the production of this unfortuiate
state of affairs ; and a caiefulastudy
of them is absolutely necessary to
prevent the recurrence of similar
results in the future.
The disastrous consequences of
short crops are so well known, so
deeply and so widely felt in all the
departments' of trade, commerce
anl' erevnue; the home, the school
house, the church, everywhere *Jhat?
it becomes a matter of paramount;
interest to all, -to investigate the
cauesoffalueand demands that
eahs oulontr'ibilte his best aid
towards effecting much changes as
to secure as far a. human agency
can, the lar fl and most rerumae
tive crops.
W'pTho city papery eoutain the'
announcement that the renowped
Iand veteran actor Edwin Forrest
twill be in New Orleans darlingths
week and will perform at the SL
and ypsrs hamnot yet been able te
dryrp him from a profession he
wasn evidently born for, andso in
hise we And aooabsr illinstration of
-h payer of "therimppasaie"
SThe quires and
the opinions whizc the action of the
City Council, in relation to the Fire
Department has evoked, will not.
fail of wholesome results.
In our last'issue we had re 4o
to complain that a city paper had
endeavored to import an utterly
toreign element in the diicussion,
tud we are gthj Aeher4b t&at fle
assple was not followed by any
other journal, and we hope tnt t the
Piovrcnun itself discovered Th:it in its
haste to rush to the reseue ;f a pet
institution, it unnecessarily reelected
on the motives and conduct of pub
lic men.
It is pleasing, however, to find
that the gravity of the subject, and
the vastness of its cuusequence.s
commande 1 the Lsrions and un lis
tracted attenti:'n of all c nc."rtned
and the discu's:on ot the ie'n.s wtvre
honestly entered on. As we indi
cated, the questions of eflkieuev and
economy' h ve beeen c ered.
The o'inions, the eipefience tnd
the wishes of competent and l argely
interested parties lirve been gatu
ered and sibmitted.
The influence of luen high in
power has been 1nCol:ed, aricl so* far
the balhine id aecidelly in favor of
continuing tf19 treefti system, botlhj
on the scare of eai eney an3 econo
my. Our limited space prevents us
from submitting at length the
grounds on which these results are
established. !f it be cnre ned thy.n
that the cjntinuance of the present
volunteer system is decided on, the
only other point, and cne which we
believe is still in dispute, is the
length of the terra for the new
contract.
On this po?!tthere seema to us
to be rimtP no re "m f6r reasonable
dispute. If the City Council reason
ably naden:-ous of hiiding their
successors to a line they may object
to, are only willing to renew their
contract for two or three years, the
fact that previous cortracts were'
for five or ten years, certainly fury
ni&Jes no reason why the next b'
for the same term, and the objeetion
to it should 1 e supported on so80e
better grounds. On the other hand,
we do not £e' that the Firemen's
Charitable An:ocicotion incur the
lesat risk of any change in the
present system, for some time to
come at least. The present discus
sions have elicited a seikded prefer
ence for the present cd panies, the
question of economy is yielded to
them, and general knowledge testi
ties to the promptness and eficiemc,
Af the entire corps in cases of fire:
We therefore do not see that in the
event of the City Council reconsid
ering their action, why a satisife
tory compromise cannot boo etected
by the Firtenen's Association renew
ring their cohtxiet for a shortrtime.
Sinee the above has been in tune
we have seen that the City .;cnneil
have according to the evening Pica
vyone prepared an crdiinauee. on the
subject, assuming, if tha repost be
correct, certain control ovtr the fire
department. As this new scheme
diverts the whole channel of argot
meet hitherto pursued and presents
the whole matter in an entire'y new
aspect, we propose to turn our at
tention to it in this form as soon mis
we shall acquaint ourselves with the
provisions of the new ordinance.
ali-Endorsing the recomusenda
tiona of President Grant, Governor
Warmoth has by a "thanlasiving
proclamation" also appointed and
set ap art Tmrm'nsaw, Nov. 304&71,
as a day when mill loyal grateful
people will "lay aside all ordinary
secular pursuits, and repair to our
customary plsqes of Divine worshaip
'there to offer thanks to the supreme
Itoler of the Universq for the bles
singseand mercies He has vouchsafed
to us, and to terveatly supplicate for
a continuanse of the divine favor."
We have no doubt that there will
be a general and cheerful acquies
contce in so reasonaible a Rgggest on,
1and without betigaying ouxseyea into
asermaoniaing ren, we maywagp that
as indiviobial., fAmilies, a city, State
and nation,, the, past twelve nwnths
hive bee*n diatinguished by one
continued series of Divine fayor'
and paternal superintendance and
overruliing well desetrvivg our recog
nition. _____
WgThe appointment of General
7.3J. IHerron to membership en the
State Board 'of Edcaction, will fur
miab that gentleman *ith an oppor
Itmaiy of exhibiting those quainties
of head and heart which have hith
erto eishfuMbrespect azd
nttbaOae peophi ffthe
ward in which the General resides
will psrtieularly have reason to
congpatul#.te tbemselve on haripg
bina to yreah over Ure aledtine.al
ismotse amI ther abitrme,
a e81 n
?brfl not only th ugh en r
i Vof those who are opposed to
the principles and policy of the re
publican party, but by loud mouth
ed foult-ndetsf **e aspitan*
our own ranks who are desirous to
diiplace the present adniiastra
Lion.
Now we faaeio do abt ol tie ir
gent need of reform in nearly eve
y department of late lifew1iee her
the tucial test be brought in Leui
diana or Massachusetts. No peo
ple hate ever c:irriedl on govern
:nent without incurri:: ;The risk of
mistakes, ifloinpetencv, and corrup
tiºo. In 1 ew England for instance,
the whiskey reformers cnntend that
the "M tine iqiqur Li'w" is open'y
and frngrantly dohuted every day
at the sngt.t tin ýof 1ºoliti(i.:ns1 and
whiskey sellers. But the whiskey
selltre andpolitieianureply : "Your
charges mut be brought agaiust the
people, for they cLaoue can put a step
to what they do not want."
The ropy is e pl thy p ronnt in
this State. If there be need of re
formation enes than who sees the
evil and understanls how to apply
the remnedy, ought to eesuider the
vital interests of his own party and
1 exhibit that first great proof of sin
cer ity of preventing all neeesssity
of complaint as to their own con
duct.
Let us ask jhst here where is the
evidetce of nay desire for reform on
the part of administrationr' mali~
!l is and party disorganizers ? Is
it not true that hoeest eohcient and
needy men- are discharged from
I positioaw Rimply beeause they dif
for in opicni("n from the Cns
tom.hsse ring? Is it not true that
roving,' pretentious, blatherskites
are snateheoi from the uncertainties
of iteneraey to give einmplei i)m to
the white man's party at a us loess
exf)ense to the United States Trea
sury? This and much more may
be said of the utter senselessnesa or
the sheer malignity, or better still
of the covert purpose of this cry of
reform, hut we forbear at preeent to
say more as we have many a prof
to bring forth when the so-called
reformers shall be reformed by the
seldbked representatives of the
pcople.
COME SEE A PHENOMENON.
Solomon decided after a pretty
protracted experience, and with rare
opportunities for enquiriy and in
vestigation, that there was "uothinug
now under the sun," but then the
uCs range was limited, lie had
not evenpropheti! knowledge of the
where :bouts of Uncle Saw's domain
in general and of Jisyville in partic
.ular.
Just sme wh tt th2 Lin siana Intel
liewtncr of Nov. 8, has to say, and
tell us whether an ollice going a
. bogging is'nt re~mething new. So
wuch the worse for the office, say
ATTE3TIOS, BAYIILLE.
We are reliably informed that the
Uayville post oilica will bo discont
tinned very siun, unless somec one
of her vstizens accepts the office of
postmaster, and qualifies as such.
It wotki be a very serrnus incon
venlence not to have a pout othee at
that point and the people of Ray
vi'll would feel It most. The post
master has orders to eloe the office
Iand take the keys. Our member
of Congrewus has asked the Prsatm's
ter tienewal to delay the matter un
til the people of Rasyville have bad
a little timeo to tale actjon in the
premises.
seThe levee at Camp Parapet
gave way on }riday night to the
depth of fifty feet, and demands imn
mediate attention to Irevent cdis
aster. Prompt mecasares will doubt
less.
WipWe devote a large space in
otu preaent issue to itamert part of
the address o( Jno. T, Quarleu Esq:,
dlgeatlarge from the State of
~Georgi deliv refore h mm
bers Qf the Soq$Ihqrn States Conven
tiont in ColatIbj5B. C.
SOtur readers will find ample food
for tbqitgbt and ftogre~ection in the
comproeheasive <disqupsion ot the
matters withi he~py pof tho ~e -
kerin argument antl it wij *well re
pay perusal. 2r. 9Quarles is quite
a young man; and his induatry and
perue'verance iq the acquirement of
knowledge and the reedineus and
facility with which hecan utilize the
resultp of his labor, impqein te oh
server with the aatisfact~ory ouwela
sion that Mr, Quariseswill be a wise
aiid aneful span in his d.,.nd
genlerstiol).
a Wi Elsewhere our meomstilh
readerp aill find the report
I of an ierestingeagp ju~hespetb
Passing along Louisiana street
yesterday morning, our attention
was attracted by a mover's wagon.
sauding Qn sa vacant lot, and sur
rounded lby a large faitily of colored
persons. Approaching the man,
who was evidently the father of the
family, sp4, by fee way, a man of
considerable intelligence,we entered
inte covsermatie. - He informed us
that he Lad just "slipped out" frln
Texas, and was seeking a locatiwn
'whmr" he ooald "have some site for
a livin." The old man gives a stri
king account of the desperate- con
dition of thingi in the section of
country (Dallas county from which
he cuaie. Colore.l mcn and anion
men are murdered with impunity,
ant in casa a c -lored main attempts
to lO.tvo the state, every obstacle is
t',rown in the way to prevent his
uoing so. Slavery exists just as re
illy as before the war in a large
portion of the state. The rebels say
that they intend to fill up the state
with immigrants from all parts of
the south, and then establish a new
southern confederacy out of Texas
and partaof Mexico and New Mex
ico. This is their open, every day
talk, and from the vast amount of
immigration now pouring into Tex
as, some suah silly scheme is no
doubt contemplated. Such a thing
as a school, especially for colored
children, in many parts, in feet in
nearly nli the state, is a thing un
thought of, much less put in prac
tice. The colored voters of this
city, will find it to their advantage
to converse with these and other
colored persons who have recently
come from Tsxvas to our city.
They can thereby learn something
about how things are in that state,
ani in other states whers the "old
republicans" have united with the
democracy and slipped into power.
Just as soon, as the demo Bratse sail'
in the colored men and union- wlte
men begin to want to slip out, like
our friend from Texas. What ham
been (lone in Texas is just what isi
being attem')ted in Arkansas.
ArLa,.sas WIee'y R d'debbea'm,
',c 8, 1871,
Layiun of the fornrr Stone of the Second
Baptist Church, (Colored) Oct. 2lth.
A largo and intelligent audience
a.erimbled at the Baptist Church at
half-past ten o'clock Tuesday mor
ning to witness the ceremonies of
laying the corner stone of the new
church. After singing by the Sali
hath-school iccompanied on the
organ by Mr. Gee. I1. W. Ste wart,
the lien. W. ý. Mai fiuld eatle sowe
excellent prdLnxiniry rrjnarks. Hle
then delivered a very carJnest au I
eloquent discourse from Luke X
cha, tcr 42 verso: "Bat one thing is
needful, and vary bath chosen the
letter part, which shall not be taken
away from her."
After the sermon the 11ev. J. T.
White made some important re
marks in regard to the collection.
The people responded very liberell3
-cash and subscriptions amount
ing to $IAJS0.
Benediction was then pronounced,
after which the Sabbath-school,
Benevolent Society and citizens
formed in procession and nmarchud
to the unfinished church where
the ceremonies of laying the corner
stone took place. After singing
and prayer, the Rev. J. T. White
delivere4 & short address rcplete
with religious zeal and eloquence.
The Rev. W. 1). Mayliel14ghen made
some interesting remarks upon the
history of thoq Church from its,eairs
lieat infancy. Thadifferent artjcles
and doctuments were then p1aced in
the corner stone by I.e Rev. J. T.
White, while ijat immense assem
blage looked, opi with solemn in
turemit.
Thb following ls~ a list of the ar
tidles and documents deposited ~
thte coruer stone:
)lames o$ Ibose who hove puid
$51 00 and upwards; flaptiimt Chin ch
'Manual; Mitiutes of the First Mis
sionary IUtgitiA' Conwenition -of the
stats; Minutes of th Mineserial
Coateemtion of JIlg h5 lyan
Weekly Cz pwa;a Th.$muazz.oUni
$te6 urreng;- (Mod and Sivero
ddth f thetkd hltat~elb;tate
Mitt efty seripi N~the of-n6Eftrs
end tmh.rW..~tbS Isabbethwmbol;
Nauses*( macers of the ~v4e
most hii re. of
Ut. kind *rdl'-wtaease lnuoursitty,
and reelee the. ~ept oredit, upon
the Ohm'ch, ead eergetic and
The proeneso nea t e said or
derly, sad the .rdsa throughout
wuezeesshlt The day wil to e
membere4 witbh esar f' years
liy the eitipsae Bs
It is imtended to -ea forward
the venkma th. Chapb with the
uatmeqi rig', s. em to leass it send7
fo bluswnta
Delegate at large for the Ktate of Georgia.
Delivered before the Southern States
g(onwedtiop, ii tee Hall of Repre
sentatives, Columbia, S. C., Fri
day evening, October 20, 1871, on
thu Social 1'sP)blemni ( the South.
[The Convention having resolved
itself iný sa1_ucues fQr the purpdse
of listening to. teho Iddress, Mr. }
Quarles, on. bei. introduced by
Governor Ransier, spoke as follows:
Mr. 'rnsident and Geitleanen of the Con
rentf'fn:
When revolutions Sweep over a
country, produuing great and fun
damental chungeas in society,.it be
hooves those moetly affected by
them to carefully study the princi
iles which gave riso to such rhvo
lutious and to fully appreciate their
results.
We have been engaged in a revo
lution, which, for fierce contendihgs,
stubborn obstinacy and stupend
uous consequences has never been
surpas ed by any revolution, ancient
or modern.
The parties to the contest were
the saste as have ever contended
over the priceless heritege of li
berty. On one side were arrayed
the friends of human liberty and
human progress. On the other
were marshalled all the hosts of
aristocracy, despotism and caste.
The lwriciples involved were the
S:uine as tose which produced the
hngtish revolution of 1088: thc
same for which the patriots of the
revolution so earnestly struggled
with the mother country ; the saume
for which Irelaid, that dem ply
wronged but unconquerable people,
struggles to-day.
But in view of the glorious results
of that struggle, uniting with the
friends of political equality, we may
justly a:anounce to the world that
we have met the enemy and ;bey
re ours.
With the prin ipies of political
t tu:dity firmly enmgrafted in the fon
damental law of the land, anmd with
an a';ured conaiidence that tiioie
s iemnm decrees will never be re
voked while the hearts of the
Amercani peorle beat in unison v. ith
the music of liberty, we mn :y fee.
I clat thus far all is safe.
But we are remninded by tlhir cou
Vecuti(n Mi Cti:zCeIS from nil parts
of our cohutrv that there arere . u.týa
of no less magnitude and immmport
nnce, yet ti be ancomplisheri. Rev
olatins mayS( ewep away (hi sociol
systems in a day, but it reqni:e
great wisdom and profound states
ship to inauguramte new ones. It is
one thingto attack a gigantic system
of irong and to wipe it out anmid
the blood and tears of a nation; it is
Unite another thing to discover
what should be sub.,tituted in its
Fplnce. Then again, it may not be
very difficult for men to di:.cover
what enght to be done, but rasquirus
an invenious man to tell how it mmay
best be accomplished. And herein
lies,
Imia SOCIAL PROBLEM OF THE SOUTH.
The old system has been swepti
away by the storm of revolution.
New A.e gravy question is pressed
home to the Amaerican people, how
ehail we establish the new? Slmavery
aith its concomitants of restricted
labor and political ostracism hasi
passed away. How salul hberty
Fwith its attendant blessings of fgeef
labor, tree apetch and equal rights,
be established upon a firm basis ?
This is a grand problem presented
by the &outh for solution. And as
the colored man will play an impor
taut, itect themnost important, part
in its solution, it behoove. him t
understand the ezact truth as to its
present situation. We must lookf
with unclouded eye upon the issues
inuvolved in tlais question. It will
not do fl usto be drawn away by,
igt imnagination sad brilli
ant illustrations. These may be
very plessing to the senses, but the
occasion dlemanda a higher conine
oration of the power, of reason.
Let us then b~g to the study of
this problem careful research end
uubisaed animu
LAd sst JBlscstone. tell. ustbat
it is abeurti for ont attempt to
maije 9..aJ w wit oqit, sozse
knowledge of the. e sd .ip t
ppsen ay it w4L he egaq y
surd for ye t9 4tselpt ta izxtroduue
* now order of tiipgp ri~thout soome
know)sslge of Uthe old syutemn. Lot
us thua recrbrid~y to the. stete of
southerm soejety as it Sorpirly ox.
guisbisg feastues. .Wilet the. werw
the proumsiaeqt charasteristie. of the
fa1mwe regillai ithe Somibt
Perbsps th. moot prominent as
well as the most odiome featuile pro
uemted tothe worddby thiasya4 ag
01ignr of Re dn
have ex i fnt g'yiats
at one time 0* another, te
earliest dawn of civilizatior. Some
of the Greci.in States, perhap, trust
of them, were at diff reut tit.s
ruled by oligarehivs. So with coo.
tinental Europe; so with Englae&
In some cases these o'igurchie
were founded upon` intelig 5
sometimee upon lwsalth and yj
times upon the peculiar cir4m,
sEhiles of the d5U ltt1). But it wag
re.served for the South to presset
to the worn} the monstrous epee.
tacle of an oligarchy founded upon
the accident of color. Although
the verdict of history, both uncient
and modern had pronounce'l thin
form of government the most nnrý.
tif1Ve aVV4rM istt1e most odious,
the South clung to it with all the
tenacity of a drowning muan to a
iloating spar. Vpon this monstrous
idea she fouuldgd all her institutions,
social, politiwal and religious. err
dial ehe hesitate to defend it in up.
position to the received opinioM
and settled convictions of the civil.
ized world. Evern where, in the
forum, in the hulls of legislation,
through the prei.s and in the pnllit,
did her scholars, statesmen Sil
divines undertake the bold but for.
Tura task of uprooting the etttka
opinio*54 of isaitelnd and of cou.
verting the world inti the khi f
that slavery and despCtisn~ m wr
divine. But it was nli in
muakiud had karned too will from
hnitory, trod e:.ti n:.et the b uu hl
.fects if these twiea ºit::r in crimle
to sanuction or couitc neoea. in acv
wuy their prett tions. L "and
minds and eloquent lily jI:.' por
tray the advantagu.+ of such iaril.
ization, but mne had drunk tiU
deeply of the bitter chalice the,
would have theta taste and wausd
not be cajoled by the wily serp'ent,
for,
"Rirht well they knew aoI d"rae I ii oin
Viuat tre.e:uMurisa.is :t ouLti ay or shun."
Arid when its advocatei discover.
d that neither percu.sion nor
inezuocus could retard the progress
tf a better and lhigiucr civdilation
they cnmmuitte.l their cauibe to the
arjitratuent of the. swoed and af
ter strnggliu'g vainly gainst the
convictions aid seutiriu nts of the
woe! I this social etructuro paws
away.
Anatlher inst olitus feature mn
the oIl systeni w as the uvi tenco of
A LtnDc a1rTl1uT.
In co:tsider:ng the etwernts that
etntere 1 into the conposition A
Southern s, ciety, as it f rmnerly e0
isted, I aPI rebheod, that we ilei
not lid sutuicitout stuevs .n the fart
that it pre S t.tel ta ny of the worst
features of the buided nrastoeracr
of Eurole.
i.) feulni baron ever Klo edl
over the poswssion of his fief with
more lordly 1ir.de than did the
Southern 1und ownar ovn r his
thousands of acres anid t' wering~
forests. To dispose (f his patri.
anay in any why, to divi'le it up so
dint it might c stnw in reach of his
pbourer neighbor, or to be compelkd
by focrce of circumustanceI to part
with any of it, was tulohse caste with
his more fortunate comheers. Nor
wore the effects of thus system less
baneful than wa.' the feudal systain
upon society in Europe. Trholand
owners of the South did niot indqei
like the barons of the amiditle *1:.
lead their vassals against each other
to despoil them of their geosil and
devastite the country, but lahoriig
under a svstemu that was entagon
istic to every prizaciple of our cirl'
zation and utterly incaipable of
using those scientific agencies by
which impoverished lands may tw
enriched, they led their slaves about
fronti place to palace impoverishitK
the country until many of the
Southern States presented perfert
pictures of desolation. And when
this aristocracy began to feel its
power wsning from the effeets of
the rapidly developing free labor of
the Xorth and its own alUoggih
habits at the South, it begsd to
clamor for more terr tory*WW~
to extend it. rule. Anud to Mat
its inmntlate greed we*
bouisiana, and Florida mad 5O0
Nor were all, these .ufflcwat
estisfy its rapacity. But its effect
upon the politipa~l condition of thbs
States was hardly less strikin
'ietre iii South (Carolin5 whT ti
uystem teached iashiges~tuiLtl
it can soarcely be maid that
pep.had san control wht"
over the fa~ars of tblthA 1
tlhis leaded aristocracy riD
preme, aand bon it o l ''
slavery. j1e may may wit U9
propriesty that ulavery 1UtbOU
growth of that systemn.Cut
4 thpt slavery sould 3SWr

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