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"REPUBLICAN AT ALL TIMES, AND UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES."
VOLUME 1. NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, THURSDAY DECEMBER 14, 1871. NUMl , . Vt!SANI\., OWNED,".. 1 .. \ MANAG;ED BY COLOR , , PI'BLISIIED EVERY i", AND SUNDAY U MORN S, fI I111 'ARfONDELET STREET S1 \s LA. C 9,FOIlalmtrola. F< i IINt('IIBCK. O(LEANS, \\t tIINE, Caroo, F< . . Il:LSO, RtlPIDEs. iiu'. i"RlO(WtO N,---Editor. 'F 1, B. . i. I C IIBA CK, F' Manawler. . 1 -.J:V, or StI .I"L'artITION: :"' $3 00 ..... ..... 3 00 OF S . .. .........1. F< A hLe LouilslianiaL I' !' '',r to establish another Sj ,n:a in New Orleans, of the IJOVISlANIAN, . ' nIeeesity which has S . i: tileis painfudll- A . ]I the tranll~sition state i ;:itheir strugg.lingeffrrts F i.,ti',n in the Body S , c,,neeive to he their S. that much ijnfor . . f have ucberin ltsit, inl Sth, L:ck of a mdium, 1 thi ,.,e.tetiinciie s ainight . , e shell strive tio null: .I ' :si S a desi r'datum in the.-( POLICY. Sr tto ilndlc'ate, the LotI . ih:tll ,d ' " RJpulihon ,t r; a....d aitk,.te the security .uAl~u enjy .:,t of biro:il c il liby rty, the almso .: " rinl atly ,,of all .nt11 blfore the, law, .d an iil:parili:a ,h- rilution of hot ,r and plItr1,onag' to, ll who merit l t. t . . I;. iris of i ull;ayinig huiis, '-iti.s, of ,.'. ..::rating the mimuir of thl bitter I , ,,tfi promoting lIi:rnyi"o It and unioni a.:.. i ,.11 c l lsand ltweien all in '.r . we dl aIdv'ratte the rem.,oval . Lti'l. disa! iliti us , fo:tr kind .1i friear.inc', º lhere m ulignity a.. In:iniut rriguedl, tnrd s.ck for :: a:,1 ju.tice hliero wrong and 'r ii pr,-vailedl. Thus united in ... a objects, we shall conserve . :!, r-,st., eIvatt our noble :.tn :en, i:i le position among '.. '"tr i.ttds, by the development .,, t . le resourcese, and secure '.. ' :, ;,,ts of the mighty changes " : v,Mry and condition of the I1 the C,,untry. : that there can be no true - tut the; supremway of law. ' a strict and undiscrimi -4: . idratin of justice. TAXATION. p-" mppotrt the doetrint of an ti, ;i i.iori of taxation uamong , a faithfid coeclction of the ': . economy in the expendi tr. e,-rmably with the exigen s t.,. State or Country and the e',-'sr of every legitimate oblig- EDUCATION. Wo shall sustain the carrying out of I l ishou- of the act establishing S. iuO school system, and urge 'a I n i,,iount duty the education of Cr ,~ i, ais vitally connectekd with . enilighItenment, and the seeu tt' . i st hility of a Republican Ltgovernl:,o * nt. FINAL. I7 a gcuerous, manly, independent, ta, .jiiou- conduct, we shall strive to r. .. our paper, from an ephem a- ra.ln, temporary existence, and istai,:ith it upon a basis, that if we kntut "command," we shall at all 0Wt1 dtelirve" uaces. JL ULES ABELARD, Carpenterand Builder. -...JULIA STREET....237 I3 atte JR •t .shop willu lprompt. POETRY. p] A SONG FOR THE HARVEST. BY JouLN w. CLADWICL d Come, list to a song for the Harvest; e1 Thanksgiving and honor and praise; ti For all that the bountiful Giver U Hath given to gladden our days. t For the grain and the corn in their plenty, t( For the grapes that were gathered with w song, al For pumpkins so brave with their yellow, They had lived upon sunbeams so long. e 0 For cranberries down in the meadow, And the buckwheat that flamed on the bill, And blueberries tempting the children a' To wander and pick them at will. a For the peaches that blush through their pallor, P Or glow like a pretty quadroon, t] As they dream of the sun in the morning, ft Or welcome his kisses at noon. t] For the sweet-smelling hay and the clover, o That sweeten the breadth of the kine; n And the apples that lingered, as dreading n The air and the light to resign. And not for t:'e flnit-harvest only We offe r our thank, and our praise; b Not l.ss have the leaves andi the blossoms d M.du brighter and better the days. The leaves that delight with their green That soften the heat with their shade, A:lid nestle so crisply in autumn, To startle the lover and maid. t Fr the blossoms that whiten in May-time The ground, as with snow, as they fall; For the fl,,werets that whisper their meaninhgs In cottage :and hovel and hall. a f Av-, t'n.:ket f-'r the harvest of Beauty ! Fi',r that which the hmnd cannot hold ! li. lt.hrve-t eve; only can gather r \\ hiIh cin.y otur h.iarsci cu etnfold ! \\'I l:ave reaped it on niouniltin and moor lantl;I We have gleaned it from meadow and We ::ave have garnercd it in from the 1 cioul-land; - We have bound it in sheaves from the 4 sea. t tA'Ind thanks that the whole of the harvest I, not for the children of men; That the birds and the buasts are remem L,c rc.d, The dwvllers in river and fen; it I hat lie giveth them meat in due season, And h, :,reth their cry when they call - The tL:ni. -.t, wt ak:st :izoi them, If The hu"l. st and ..trongest of alL aJit the songt it gotrs deeper and higher; ' Thl, r: ai: harvests whlch eve cannot see; 1- Tlhy ripe n ,on inlmtains of linty, They are reaped by the brave and the free. . And these have been gathered and gar uered; "Sonic golden with honor and gain, d And some as wit: heart's blood made rally. The harvests of sorrow and pain. SAIl:sa! for our pitiful singing, i Fur all it has lasted so long, SThe half of our rupture and wonder t liHas not been expressed in our song. But he who is Lord of the Harvest s The Giver who glalddes our days - e Will know if our hearts are repeating, "*Thanksgiving and honor and praise." The Seymour Beech. THE TREE TE.Y MEN WERE HANGED UPON. S The Rev. H. L. Wayland con I tributes the following to the in C dqw.'ndent: - "Boston had its liberty tree, - Hartford its charter oak, Pittsfield Sits great elm, New York its Stuy a- veeant pear tree, and Seymour, Indiana, has its beech tree. It stands about two miles west of the town, just at the crossing of the country road and the Ohio and Mississippi railroad. The trunk is e covered pretty thickly with the names of persons who desired to go h down to posterity in a critical im mortality associated with the tree, ia from which, under the auspices of Judge Lynch, six criminals were suspended. t, "I visited the beech tree not long "e since, and heard from some of the n- neighboring farmers its story. For nd years there had been no safety of life or property. Depredations were almost nightly. Several times the cars were run off the track at night; and the passengers, sud - denly aroused from aleep, and help less, were robbed by armed men in r. disguise. Repeatedly the marau 37 ders had cut of from a train utand ing at the depot, a locomotive with the baggage and express ear at tached and, after reaching a s.e pt clded place, had robhed th. ou press car. Not seldom robbery T was accompanied by murder. "No national being had any doubt as to the authors of these acts. The universal instinct, strong er oftentimes and more unerring is than legal evidence, pointed to the se members of a single family and oi their confederates. But every effort ti to secure the execution of justice A was fruitless. If the suspected were p arrested, there was always a way of G escape. Sometimes alibi would be at overwhelmingly proven by witnesses w prepared to swear through a stone b wall. If there were inconvenient A adverse witnesses they were spirited is away or bribed to absent them- p selves, or, if sensible to reason or d persuasion, they were put out of ri the way by violence. Persons were n found murdered, against whom si there was no grudge or ground of C offense save the fear that they t might prove impracticable wit nesses. tl "At last the Hoosier spirit arose c] -a spirit patient, sluggish even, but when aroused acting in tremen- d dous earnestness and irresistible, as it was eminently proved in the war. p Another robbery of all express car p had taken place, and three men C charged with the offense were on their way by the cars to the coun- iu try jail, to be tried and again i released; and again, it may be, to ti retaliate on all who had been active in their arrest. A body of citizens stopped the train, took the men t from the cars, and hanged them h from the beech tree. Later, three s more, under precisely the same cir- t culustances, were hanged to the same tree. It was a ghastly incident t of the affair that the tree stood r within a stone's throw of a little o house in which one of the prisoner's t had been born. His last gaze before he swung off into eternity was fixed a upon the door about which he had t played in his innocent childhood." r PL'TUAITION. . There is great carelessness, if not t ignorance, in the matter of punctua- i t tion, whereby much misunderstand- a ing arises. Many persons even emulate the ancient writers in leav ing out all marks or divisions of any kind, like the barber who I wrote over his door : "What do r ie you think I shave you for nothing and give you a drink," which was interpreted by some to imply anI easy shave and a morning tipple to r be got for the asking. Such, how e ever, was not the meaning of our worthy tonsor, who, on being ar raigned before the magistrate for what seemed a clear case of decep tion, exclaimed : "What ! do you think I shave you for nothing and give you a drink ?" Points were first used by Aris tophanes, a grammarian of Alexan dria, 200 years B. C., but were not not generally used until the modern system was introduced at the be ginniug of the sixteenth ccntury by a learned printer of Venice named MI:anutius. Punctuation not only serves to make an author's mean Sing plain, but often saves it from being entirely misconceived. And there are many cases where a change of points completely alters the sentiment The following anecdote of an English statesman, who once Stook advantage of this fact to free Shimself from an embarrassing posu tion, is an amusing illustration : e Having charged an officer of the d government with dishonesty, he was required by Parliament, under a heavy penalty, publicly to retract e the accusation in the House of Conm mona. At the appointed time, he appeared with a written recantation, Swhich he read aloud as follows : "I said he was dishonest, it is true ; e andIam sorryftor it." .This was satisfactory ; but what was the ranr prise of Parliament the following day to msee the retraction printed in r the paper thus : "I said he was f dishonest; it is true, and I am ssorry for it" Bya simple trans e position of the comma and semi colon, the ingenious slanderer re Spresented himself to the country, - not only as having made no re p-cantation, but even as having re Siterated the charge in the very amce of Parliament. d- -An eutravagent man rving th moved into a cstl3 manson, re t marked to a friend, N6w every thing win go on like deekweabk. S"Yes," wras the usl, "it uill be 1 tieL, tiec" The Russian Mediation In WrX waB or 1812. Yr DB. JosxuA LaVI The present generation of people in this country do not know the t sentiments which thrilled the hearts of their fathers in 1815, on learning o that the mediation of the Emperor CI Alexander I of Russia had restored peace between the United States and Great Britain. The history of the steps which led to that mediation, wi with its auspicious results, has only o been given once, by John Quincy a Adams, who was the American min ister, through whose agency it took place. Mr. Adams was in Congress b during the controversy about the right of petition on subjects con- th nected with slavery, and was a th strenuous advocate of the duty of in Congress to receive all petitions that were respectful in form, and was opposed to the gag laws by w which it was attempted to keep out in the anti-slavery petitions of every ba class. Acting on his own principles, a when a petition for the peaceful dissolution of the Union was sent . to him, he presented it, and moved rn its reference to a committee to re- se port an answer showing the impos possibility of any such action by as Congress. At once a clamor was raised by the Southern members, and r serious attempt was made to th inflict upon him the censure of the sc House, for presenting such a peti- th tion. After a severe struggle, be obtained the privilege of being heard in his own defense, which wi continued several days. On one of ea these days he gave a full account of C, his public life in the many public of stations which he had filled, from the time of his first appointment as a foreign minister by General Wash- cb ington until he became President of m the United States. The notes for a to report of that speech were taken as on other days; but the reporter, taking offense at a remark of Mr. Adams's the next day at which was not intended to de apply to him, threw his notes into ti the fire, and thus destroyed all t record of one of the most interest ing sketches of our American his- f' tory, except as the memory of T individual hearers may have pre- je served some traces of it. As I had the privilege of being a deeply interested hearer of the whole trial, some other parts of which I care- to fully reported, I have attempted to vi recall some fragments of the history ol of the Russian Mediation, appro priate to the visit of the Grand Duke Alexis, to show how much c reason the American people have to n regard the Government of Russia tl as "Our Ancient Ally." t Mr. Adams said that the Em I peror Alexander honored him with many proofs of 'his personal friend- tl - ship, in consequence of which he was able to secure relief to many a American ship-owners, whose vts- t sels had been detained in Russian r ports for alleged violations of P Napoleon's "Continental System." t1 After giving several instances of p this kindness, he went on to sany that, not long after the arrival of the news that the United States y - had declared war against England, the Emperor was walking with him a in the garden of the palace, when he took his arm, and in very friend- h a ly terms expressed his sorrow at learning that war had taken place y between the two n:tions who both l l had so large a place in his regards. r After conversing a while on the 4 evils of such a war, he anxiously a asked if there was nothing which he n could do to restore peace between a d the two countries, as there was t e nothing that could give him so i Smuch pleasure. After further con versation on the causes of the war, Sand the difficulties in the way of a e settlement, the Emperor suggested e the idea of his offeringhis mediation i- toward a peace. In the end Mr. Adams aseented to this as a measure free from e objects, and possibly worth irying 1 ie and msaid that he should be happy tr to convey such an offer to his gov- i Sernment which, he was sure, would give it a most respectful considera Stion. In consequenes of this eon Lo versotion, Mr. &dams said, he soon i, received from the Emperor a most friendly offer of his mediation, which he at once communicated to ' the Government at Washington; ' where i was entertained in a most r- cordial manner as it ealo by the g English Goveoment After a variety in of negotiations' the mediation was as accepted by both nations, and con m mamsoeners were appointed on either t- aide (Mr. Adams himself being, .. properly, the head on the Amercan - side) who met at the Hague' in y, Holland, and, after long consul e- tations, at length agreed upon a - treaty of Never was such oe reie and joy diffused among people as when the news es hrou1ht to C ehesaeak Bay of 1- rere indebt hde iwuand per y- istsnt riMensp4 of Ala e IL L. Maytbe seoatioem to Prince e Ablexitoswo t . ~~b is1 not a-sra Unlearned lgeont . b irn m ss GerIr UWIULV. Lt After four hundred people were trampled almost into an indistin gnishable mass in the cathedral of Galway, Ireland, before daylight on Christmas morning, because some practical joker broke a lath in the packed assemblage, for -'the fun' of frightening the worshipers, it was thought that architects through- d out the civilized world had "learned a lesson" about providing means of egress from all buildings designed w for public aesemblages of people; but after that five hundred people were roasted alive in the Richmond theatre, or killed by jumping from the windows, because those foremost in the rush from the burning build- di ing were jammed against the doors, d which opened inward, and it was impossible to get the people to fall to back until they could be opened So they died £e masse, pressing against the doors, effectually bar ring out life, and throwing them selves into the arms of death. C Those who remember the horror and newspaper comments following this frightful catastrophe will recall the general conviction that no bi schoolhouse, or hall, or church, or theatre ever again should be built hi with doors opening inward. But where is the public building today, h except the National Capitol and Cooper Institute of which the doors d open in any other way. Even the new Congregational church of Chicago, erected at so much cost on the site of one burned four years ago, and dedicated with so much solemnity, is a public trap, of which the springs would be about as likely to close in any end den panic, and fasten the congrega tion 'down ever," as was that of the old chest wldch saved "Ginevra" from all the cares of married life That crowded assemblies are sub ject to causeless panics is a fact we are not permitted to forget. That all pubic buildings are liable to take file, from defective flues and various other causes, is another fact of which we are often and painfully reminded. What condemnation can be too severe for that reckless- t ness of human life which permits f the builders of public edifices thus f to ignore the lessons of history, and I the well-known danger to which they subject thousands of people? W, We are or profess to be shocked I at any carelessness on the part of c the builders or managers of lines of t public conveyance; but does not l the divine law against murder ap- f ply to any kind of negligence by which life is endangered? Every year yields its crop of lessons on I the criminal neglect of railroad and I steamboat officials; but who learns them so as to compel others to take heed? When London was burned, three I hundred years ago, and the recur- I rence of the catastropTie made for Sever impossible, by astringent law I Ssubstituting stone, brick, tiles, and slate for the wood which up to that i Stime had been 'freely used as build ing material, it might well have - beeh thought that the world, as well Sas London, would have profited by Sthe expensire lesson. But the SAmerican children of the old Mother Country stopped their ears and shut Stheir eyes to the teachings of ex perienee; and, asu a conmsequence, terrible conagrationsn have been and mare mone of our moat prominent American Iastitution. In the year S18 or '28 there wu a whole block of buildings burned in Pittaburg, and some eight or ten lives lost. ,Then the city conncils passed a law Sforbidding the building of any more wooden boouse #'iin the city lim Sits, but made no provision r re , imoving those already built. In '45, s twenty years after, these old wooden 'buildings furnished the kindling. Swhich borned the city. But what a city learned wisdom from her terri ible experience? Net one; and even - she has extended her limits over a vast area, on which wood is the Id prinacip building ipaterial. Wood en Sm Fm-rancisco we Immad three of times; sal has iearnad, at last, tha' Shep boouss are very dear. In (biago, wheremth moke ar. e xhefrtrmi wiwiught bjr her | weeId same, als and sm -4 hmm . lhem ar(qp kr by a fresh growth of mairosm, to be burned a inevitably as wre -' there predecessoar. Not only are they putting up the roude .trctures neceaary for shelter and business, Ti but elaborate, extenir, and ezpen- R saive blocks, with tar roofs, wooden walls, and every characteristic of a 14 box of tinder, minus the box. In - one place they are finishing what is called a "marble block," which is .uq a coare brick structure, with a thin inn vaneering, on one side, of some kind , of whitish stone; and nearly one- iu third of this veneering is being eov ered with wooden warts, called bay windows, so elaborately fillagreed wit as to remind one of the poultry tic houses which enthusiastic gentle- * men farmers used to build, in the crisis of the hen fever. That love of cheap decoration which can in duce men, in the awful shadow of 26 death and desolation which hangs on this city, thus to add to the fu ture risk of life and property, is a b mania which should subject the pa- St tient to the restraints of legal guar- - dianship. A A large and respectable party in Chicago are struggling against the A tide of public sentiment, and seek- N( ing to procure the passage of such laws as will bring future security; but, thus far, they have been de feated and overpowered, and that Sr human sympathy which lew on lightning pinions to comfort the houseless should extend the further I' aid of amoral sentiment which shall defend Chicago from future and fast impending destruction. A very W little common sense on the part of insurance companies would have spared us the last great ire and saved them from bankruptcy; and, if local causes operate to prevent the people here learning the lesson of the great fire, there is no reason N, why those who look on from a dis tance should be blinded by the smoke. Let the civilized world come to the rescue, and help this infatu ated people to learn the lesson the All Father is teaching to the world by their suffering and sorrow and tears.-Independent. TiRI TWO PIEAR Brother Jonathan has the reputa tion of being inordinately fond of 9fruit-ripe, healthy fruit, which bi Bfalls when it is ready to be eaten. He likes his cider and his apples his pears and his melons-and has a quaint style of his own of waiting for the former until they fall on his own premises, when he disposes of f them at his leisure. He had one t bloody struggle to secure a slice of - foreign territory, to reach over a y neighbor's lines and pluck that a y which, had he been patient, would A a have fallen on his own ground and I become legally and peaceably his T a own. This experience has made e the Yankee nation prudent and wary. Hereafter it will wait un e til the fruit it desires is ripe, and - falls where it will become ours by - the right, not of warlike wresting v from its orignal stem, but of peace- i d able possession by the logical events t in the progress of nations. There - are two pears even now ripening se and almost ready thus to falL It U isonly a qaestion of time as to y when we shall have Mexico and e Cuboa. The inexorable laws of com- I r merce and stern geographical re t lations are certain to give us Cubsa - -it will fall as naturnally into our , possesio as the ripe fruit a the n limb which extends over a neigh at bor's territory. Spain is constantly r rudely shaking the tree. Storms re brewing which will wrench it( g, from its roots, and the Cuban pear t will fail into Brother Jonathan's Slapbefore h is awareofit. Thus e with Mexico. That pear is ripen a- inag very ast. Our railroad ex e- tenions are bhing a wonderful in. , Afaee ona the fruit, in bringing aus nearer ad nearer eanally to p where it grows. To acquire CObs at and Mexice by the logical course ri- of events, hiding our time as God in directs the propeuaorih adairs, a lisgettingthe fruitwhem iti ripe be and ready for conumption. uat d- when it is plokel and devoured s abeoreit~o. resay, ied ns. iral as duon, disrrbea ad ds* s srM to bl.o. I waM r t e peag Swntil tq me zips, hslg emr r silves iai s lo peL thinmup a ar qse h lbe iL.-JtB54p5 pg~lJmmuL RATES OP ADT RTHl VlG. Sqares 1 mao I mo s mos am 1I yr one IlS I$7 l19 tl 6 Two 7 9 12 I35 Three 9 19 0 35 50 Four 15 95 35 0 70 Five 20 80 85 Six 4 42 70 100 1iolma. 45 00 190 175 50 Transiet dvertisements, $1 pee square first insertion; each subsequent insertion, 75 cents. All business soices of advertisements to be charged twenty cents per line each ineertic4. Jo Pnrrote executed with neatness and dspatch. Wedding Caurs eecuted in aecrdaoseq with p tg basions. unerd Notices printed on, nortest no tice and with quickest dispatch. JOHN B. HOWARD. LaW OmWC, 26 St. Charles Street S6 Prompt attention given to civil business in the several courts of the State. A. P. Fields &Robert Doion Attorneys and Counnellors at Law. No. 9 Commercial Place, 2nd Floor. pStrict Attention to all Civil and Criminal business in the State and United States Court. INSURANCE COMPA:NIES-BAN.'KS. LOUISIANA MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY omcr, No. 120 oomsoa sruEr. INSURES FIRE, MARDIN AND RIVER RISER LAD PAsu eMeM h M New Orleans, New York, Liverpool London, Havre, Paris, or Bremen, at the option of the sinred. CHARLES BRIGG8, President. A. CARRRE, Vice-President. J. P. Re. secretary. EMPIRE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY OF Tru arr or msw roai NO. 139 BROADWAY. Omnmm Geo. W. sih. Foe Prest. O. HIftee Scribner. Prel, L H. Waters. Adcmy. Sidney W. & fhL. Sey., earea app. Supt. Agmen. T. I. Marcy. Med. &mer., Agents Xer Orlea rarasmcu A Amomn STIE FIREDIAIN'$ AIlllS AND TRUST COMPANY S Chartered by the United States Government, mc, -18 PRCLzcn, OI(rZ WIsIXOTO, D. 8. - D. L. EA ON .... .Actuary. B BRANCH AT NEW OBLEANS, LA. 114 Carodelet Street o C, D. STURTEVANT, Cshir. - IBnk Hour............9. r. to 3 r.s Saturday Nights....... 8 to 8 o'else it General Commieen Merohant Ageat the sle l o a Bel Et, eto., I. oUrT o003 ULsesrrtrL Ar1rY TO K rs, M .,rs. , rW. , ml so ALUURt $1uiCB, -p U~CuMinr-i~ E