OCR Interpretation

Semi-weekly Louisianian. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1871-1872, December 14, 1871, Image 1

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016631/1871-12-14/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

, . Vt!SANI\., OWNED,"..
S1 \s LA. C
9,FOIlalmtrola. F<
\\t tIINE, Caroo, F<
. . Il:LSO, RtlPIDEs.
iiu'. i"RlO(WtO N,---Editor. 'F
1, B. . i. I C IIBA CK, F'
. 1 -.J:V, or StI .I"L'artITION: :"'
$3 00
..... ..... 3 00
S . .. .........1. F<
hLe LouilslianiaL
I' !' '',r to establish another
Sj ,n:a in New Orleans,
. ' nIeeesity which has
S . i: tileis painfudll- A
. ]I the tranll~sition state
i ;:itheir strugg.lingeffrrts F
i.,ti',n in the Body
S , c,,neeive to he their
S. that much ijnfor
. . f have ucberin ltsit, inl
Sth, L:ck of a mdium, 1
thi ,.,e.tetiinciie s ainight
. , e shell strive tio null:
.I ' :si S a desi r'datum in the.-(
Sr tto ilndlc'ate, the LotI
. ih:tll ,d ' " RJpulihon ,t r;
a....d aitk,.te the security .uAl~u enjy
.:,t of biro:il c il liby rty, the almso
.: " rinl atly ,,of all .nt11 blfore the, law,
.d an iil:parili:a ,h- rilution of hot
,r and plItr1,onag' to, ll who merit l
t. t . .
I;. iris of i ull;ayinig huiis, '-iti.s, of
,.'. ..::rating the mimuir of thl bitter
I , ,,tfi promoting lIi:rnyi"o It and unioni
a.:.. i ,.11 c l lsand ltweien all in
'.r . we dl aIdv'ratte the rem.,oval
. Lti'l. disa! iliti us , fo:tr kind
.1i friear.inc', º lhere m ulignity
a.. In:iniut rriguedl, tnrd s.ck for
:: a:,1 ju.tice hliero wrong and
'r ii pr,-vailedl. Thus united in
... a objects, we shall conserve
. :!, r-,st., eIvatt our noble
:.tn :en, i:i le position among
'.. '"tr i.ttds, by the development
.,, t . le resourcese, and secure
'.. ' :, ;,,ts of the mighty changes
" : v,Mry and condition of the
I1 the C,,untry.
: that there can be no true
- tut the; supremway of law.
' a strict and undiscrimi
-4: . idratin of justice.
p-" mppotrt the doetrint of an
ti, ;i i.iori of taxation uamong
, a faithfid coeclction of the
': . economy in the expendi
tr. e,-rmably with the exigen
s t.,. State or Country and the
e',-'sr of every legitimate oblig-
Wo shall sustain the carrying out of
I l ishou- of the act establishing
S. iuO school system, and urge
'a I n i,,iount duty the education of
Cr ,~ i, ais vitally connectekd with
. enilighItenment, and the seeu
tt' . i st hility of a Republican
Ltgovernl:,o * nt.
I7 a gcuerous, manly, independent,
ta, .jiiou- conduct, we shall strive
to r. .. our paper, from an ephem
a- ra.ln, temporary existence, and
istai,:ith it upon a basis, that if we
kntut "command," we shall at all
0Wt1 dtelirve" uaces.
Carpenterand Builder.
-...JULIA STREET....237
I3 atte JR •t .shop willu  lprompt.
Come, list to a song for the Harvest; e1
Thanksgiving and honor and praise; ti
For all that the bountiful Giver U
Hath given to gladden our days. t
For the grain and the corn in their plenty, t(
For the grapes that were gathered with w
song, al
For pumpkins so brave with their yellow,
They had lived upon sunbeams so long. e
For cranberries down in the meadow,
And the buckwheat that flamed on the
And blueberries tempting the children a'
To wander and pick them at will. a
For the peaches that blush through their
pallor, P
Or glow like a pretty quadroon, t]
As they dream of the sun in the morning, ft
Or welcome his kisses at noon. t]
For the sweet-smelling hay and the clover, o
That sweeten the breadth of the kine; n
And the apples that lingered, as dreading n
The air and the light to resign.
And not for t:'e flnit-harvest only
We offe r our thank, and our praise; b
Not l.ss have the leaves andi the blossoms d
M.du brighter and better the days.
The leaves that delight with their green
That soften the heat with their shade,
A:lid nestle so crisply in autumn,
To startle the lover and maid.
Fr the blossoms that whiten in May-time
The ground, as with snow, as they fall;
For the fl,,werets that whisper their
In cottage :and hovel and hall. a
Av-, t'n.:ket f-'r the harvest of Beauty !
Fi',r that which the hmnd cannot hold !
li. lt.hrve-t eve; only can gather r
\\ hiIh cin.y otur h.iarsci cu etnfold !
\\'I l:ave reaped it on niouniltin and moor
We have gleaned it from meadow and
We ::ave have garnercd it in from the 1
- We have bound it in sheaves from the
4 sea. t
tA'Ind thanks that the whole of the harvest
I, not for the children of men;
That the birds and the buasts are remem
L,c rc.d,
The dwvllers in river and fen;
it I hat lie giveth them meat in due season,
And h, :,reth their cry when they call -
The tL:ni. -.t, wt ak:st :izoi them,
If The hu"l. st and ..trongest of alL
aJit the songt it gotrs deeper and higher;
' Thl, r: ai: harvests whlch eve cannot see;
1- Tlhy ripe n ,on inlmtains of linty,
They are reaped by the brave and the
. And these have been gathered and gar
"Sonic golden with honor and gain,
d And some as wit: heart's blood made
The harvests of sorrow and pain.
SAIl:sa! for our pitiful singing,
i Fur all it has lasted so long,
SThe half of our rupture and wonder
t liHas not been expressed in our song.
But he who is Lord of the Harvest
s The Giver who glalddes our days -
e Will know if our hearts are repeating,
"*Thanksgiving and honor and praise."
The Seymour Beech.
S The Rev. H. L. Wayland con
I tributes the following to the in
C dqw.'ndent:
- "Boston had its liberty tree,
- Hartford its charter oak, Pittsfield
Sits great elm, New York its Stuy
a- veeant pear tree, and Seymour,
Indiana, has its beech tree. It
stands about two miles west of the
town, just at the crossing of the
country road and the Ohio and
Mississippi railroad. The trunk is
e covered pretty thickly with the
names of persons who desired to go
h down to posterity in a critical im
mortality associated with the tree,
ia from which, under the auspices of
Judge Lynch, six criminals were
t, "I visited the beech tree not long
"e since, and heard from some of the
n- neighboring farmers its story. For
nd years there had been no safety of
life or property. Depredations
were almost nightly. Several times
the cars were run off the track at
night; and the passengers, sud
- denly aroused from aleep, and help
less, were robbed by armed men in
r. disguise. Repeatedly the marau
37 ders had cut of from a train utand
ing at the depot, a locomotive with
the baggage and express ear at
tached and, after reaching a s.e
pt clded place, had robhed th. ou
press car. Not seldom robbery T
was accompanied by murder.
"No national being had any
doubt as to the authors of these
acts. The universal instinct, strong
er oftentimes and more unerring is
than legal evidence, pointed to the se
members of a single family and oi
their confederates. But every effort ti
to secure the execution of justice A
was fruitless. If the suspected were p
arrested, there was always a way of G
escape. Sometimes alibi would be at
overwhelmingly proven by witnesses w
prepared to swear through a stone b
wall. If there were inconvenient A
adverse witnesses they were spirited is
away or bribed to absent them- p
selves, or, if sensible to reason or d
persuasion, they were put out of ri
the way by violence. Persons were n
found murdered, against whom si
there was no grudge or ground of C
offense save the fear that they t
might prove impracticable wit
nesses. tl
"At last the Hoosier spirit arose c]
-a spirit patient, sluggish even,
but when aroused acting in tremen- d
dous earnestness and irresistible, as it
was eminently proved in the war. p
Another robbery of all express car p
had taken place, and three men C
charged with the offense were on
their way by the cars to the coun- iu
try jail, to be tried and again i
released; and again, it may be, to ti
retaliate on all who had been active
in their arrest. A body of citizens
stopped the train, took the men t
from the cars, and hanged them h
from the beech tree. Later, three s
more, under precisely the same cir- t
culustances, were hanged to the
same tree. It was a ghastly incident t
of the affair that the tree stood r
within a stone's throw of a little o
house in which one of the prisoner's t
had been born. His last gaze before
he swung off into eternity was fixed a
upon the door about which he had t
played in his innocent childhood." r
There is great carelessness, if not t
ignorance, in the matter of punctua- i
t tion, whereby much misunderstand- a
ing arises. Many persons even
emulate the ancient writers in leav
ing out all marks or divisions of
any kind, like the barber who I
wrote over his door : "What do r
ie you think I shave you for nothing
and give you a drink," which was
interpreted by some to imply anI
easy shave and a morning tipple to r
be got for the asking. Such, how
e ever, was not the meaning of our
worthy tonsor, who, on being ar
raigned before the magistrate for
what seemed a clear case of decep
tion, exclaimed : "What ! do you
think I shave you for nothing and
give you a drink ?"
Points were first used by Aris
tophanes, a grammarian of Alexan
dria, 200 years B. C., but were not
not generally used until the modern
system was introduced at the be
ginniug of the sixteenth ccntury by
a learned printer of Venice named
MI:anutius. Punctuation not only
serves to make an author's mean
Sing plain, but often saves it from
being entirely misconceived. And
there are many cases where a change
of points completely alters the
sentiment The following anecdote
of an English statesman, who once
Stook advantage of this fact to free
Shimself from an embarrassing posu
tion, is an amusing illustration :
e Having charged an officer of the
d government with dishonesty, he
was required by Parliament, under
a heavy penalty, publicly to retract
e the accusation in the House of Conm
mona. At the appointed time, he
appeared with a written recantation,
Swhich he read aloud as follows :
"I said he was dishonest, it is true ;
e andIam sorryftor it." .This was
satisfactory ; but what was the ranr
prise of Parliament the following
day to msee the retraction printed in
r the paper thus : "I said he was
f dishonest; it is true, and I am
ssorry for it" Bya simple trans
e position of the comma and semi
colon, the ingenious slanderer re
Spresented himself to the country,
- not only as having made no re
p-cantation, but even as having re
Siterated the charge in the very amce
of Parliament.
d- -An eutravagent man rving
th moved into a cstl3 manson, re
t marked to a friend, N6w every
thing win go on like deekweabk.
S"Yes," wras the usl, "it uill be
1 tieL, tiec"
The Russian Mediation In
WrX waB or 1812.
Yr DB. JosxuA LaVI
The present generation of people
in this country do not know the t
sentiments which thrilled the hearts
of their fathers in 1815, on learning o
that the mediation of the Emperor CI
Alexander I of Russia had restored
peace between the United States and
Great Britain. The history of the
steps which led to that mediation, wi
with its auspicious results, has only o
been given once, by John Quincy a
Adams, who was the American min
ister, through whose agency it took
place. Mr. Adams was in Congress b
during the controversy about the
right of petition on subjects con- th
nected with slavery, and was a th
strenuous advocate of the duty of in
Congress to receive all petitions
that were respectful in form, and
was opposed to the gag laws by w
which it was attempted to keep out in
the anti-slavery petitions of every ba
class. Acting on his own principles, a
when a petition for the peaceful
dissolution of the Union was sent .
to him, he presented it, and moved rn
its reference to a committee to re- se
port an answer showing the impos
possibility of any such action by as
Congress. At once a clamor was
raised by the Southern members,
and r serious attempt was made to th
inflict upon him the censure of the sc
House, for presenting such a peti- th
tion. After a severe struggle, be
obtained the privilege of being
heard in his own defense, which wi
continued several days. On one of ea
these days he gave a full account of C,
his public life in the many public of
stations which he had filled, from
the time of his first appointment as
a foreign minister by General Wash- cb
ington until he became President of m
the United States. The notes for a to
report of that speech were taken as
on other days; but the reporter,
taking offense at a remark
of Mr. Adams's the next day at
which was not intended to de
apply to him, threw his notes into ti
the fire, and thus destroyed all t
record of one of the most interest
ing sketches of our American his- f'
tory, except as the memory of T
individual hearers may have pre- je
served some traces of it. As I had
the privilege of being a deeply
interested hearer of the whole trial,
some other parts of which I care- to
fully reported, I have attempted to vi
recall some fragments of the history ol
of the Russian Mediation, appro
priate to the visit of the Grand
Duke Alexis, to show how much c
reason the American people have to n
regard the Government of Russia tl
as "Our Ancient Ally." t
Mr. Adams said that the Em
I peror Alexander honored him with
many proofs of 'his personal friend- tl
- ship, in consequence of which he
was able to secure relief to many a
American ship-owners, whose vts- t
sels had been detained in Russian
r ports for alleged violations of P
Napoleon's "Continental System." t1
After giving several instances of p
this kindness, he went on to sany
that, not long after the arrival of
the news that the United States y
- had declared war against England,
the Emperor was walking with him a
in the garden of the palace, when
he took his arm, and in very friend- h
a ly terms expressed his sorrow at
learning that war had taken place
y between the two n:tions who both l
l had so large a place in his regards. r
After conversing a while on the 4
evils of such a war, he anxiously a
asked if there was nothing which he
n could do to restore peace between a
d the two countries, as there was t
e nothing that could give him so i
Smuch pleasure. After further con
versation on the causes of the war,
Sand the difficulties in the way of a
e settlement, the Emperor suggested
e the idea of his offeringhis mediation
i- toward a peace.
In the end Mr. Adams aseented
to this as a measure free from
e objects, and possibly worth irying 1
ie and msaid that he should be happy
tr to convey such an offer to his gov- i
Sernment which, he was sure, would
give it a most respectful considera
Stion. In consequenes of this eon
Lo versotion, Mr. &dams said, he soon
i, received from the Emperor a most
friendly offer of his mediation,
which he at once communicated to
' the Government at Washington;
' where i was entertained in a most
r- cordial manner as it ealo by the
g English Goveoment After a variety
in of negotiations' the mediation was
as accepted by both nations, and con
m mamsoeners were appointed on either
t- aide (Mr. Adams himself being,
.. properly, the head on the Amercan
- side) who met at the Hague' in
y, Holland, and, after long consul
e- tations, at length agreed upon a
- treaty of Never was such
oe reie and joy diffused
among people as when the news
es hrou1ht to C ehesaeak Bay of
1- rere indebt hde iwuand per
y- istsnt riMensp4 of Ala e IL
L. Maytbe seoatioem to Prince
e Ablexitoswo t . ~~b is1
not a-sra
Unlearned lgeont . b
irn m ss GerIr UWIULV. Lt
After four hundred people were
trampled almost into an indistin
gnishable mass in the cathedral of
Galway, Ireland, before daylight on
Christmas morning, because some
practical joker broke a lath in the
packed assemblage, for -'the fun'
of frightening the worshipers, it
was thought that architects through- d
out the civilized world had "learned
a lesson" about providing means of
egress from all buildings designed w
for public aesemblages of people;
but after that five hundred people
were roasted alive in the Richmond
theatre, or killed by jumping from
the windows, because those foremost
in the rush from the burning build- di
ing were jammed against the doors, d
which opened inward, and it was
impossible to get the people to fall to
back until they could be opened
So they died £e masse, pressing
against the doors, effectually bar
ring out life, and throwing them
selves into the arms of death. C
Those who remember the horror
and newspaper comments following
this frightful catastrophe will recall
the general conviction that no bi
schoolhouse, or hall, or church, or
theatre ever again should be built hi
with doors opening inward. But
where is the public building today, h
except the National Capitol and
Cooper Institute of which the doors d
open in any other way.
Even the new Congregational
church of Chicago, erected at so
much cost on the site of one burned
four years ago, and dedicated with
so much solemnity, is a public trap,
of which the springs would be
about as likely to close in any end
den panic, and fasten the congrega
tion 'down ever," as was that of
the old chest wldch saved "Ginevra"
from all the cares of married life
That crowded assemblies are sub
ject to causeless panics is a fact we
are not permitted to forget. That
all pubic buildings are liable to
take file, from defective flues and
various other causes, is another fact
of which we are often and painfully
reminded. What condemnation
can be too severe for that reckless- t
ness of human life which permits f
the builders of public edifices thus f
to ignore the lessons of history, and I
the well-known danger to which
they subject thousands of people? W,
We are or profess to be shocked I
at any carelessness on the part of c
the builders or managers of lines of t
public conveyance; but does not l
the divine law against murder ap- f
ply to any kind of negligence by
which life is endangered? Every
year yields its crop of lessons on I
the criminal neglect of railroad and I
steamboat officials; but who learns
them so as to compel others to take
When London was burned, three I
hundred years ago, and the recur- I
rence of the catastropTie made for
Sever impossible, by astringent law I
Ssubstituting stone, brick, tiles, and
slate for the wood which up to that i
Stime had been 'freely used as build
ing material, it might well have
- beeh thought that the world, as well
Sas London, would have profited by
Sthe expensire lesson. But the
SAmerican children of the old Mother
Country stopped their ears and shut
Stheir eyes to the teachings of ex
perienee; and, asu a conmsequence,
terrible conagrationsn have been
and mare mone of our moat prominent
American Iastitution. In the year
S18 or '28 there wu a whole block
of buildings burned in Pittaburg,
and some eight or ten lives lost.
,Then the city conncils passed a law
Sforbidding the building of any more
wooden boouse #'iin the city lim
Sits, but made no provision r re
, imoving those already built. In '45,
s twenty years after, these old wooden
'buildings furnished the kindling.
Swhich borned the city. But what
a city learned wisdom from her terri
ible experience? Net one; and even
- she has extended her limits over a
vast area, on which wood is the
Id prinacip building ipaterial. Wood
en Sm Fm-rancisco we Immad three
of times; sal has iearnad, at last, tha'
Shep boouss are very dear.
In (biago, wheremth moke ar.
e xhefrtrmi wiwiught bjr her
| weeId same, als and sm
-4 hmm . lhem ar(qp kr 
by a fresh growth of mairosm,
to be burned a inevitably as wre -'
there predecessoar. Not only are
they putting up the roude .trctures
neceaary for shelter and business, Ti
but elaborate, extenir, and ezpen- R
saive blocks, with tar roofs, wooden
walls, and every characteristic of a 14
box of tinder, minus the box. In -
one place they are finishing what
is called a "marble block," which is .uq
a coare brick structure, with a thin inn
vaneering, on one side, of some kind ,
of whitish stone; and nearly one- iu
third of this veneering is being eov
ered with wooden warts, called bay
windows, so elaborately fillagreed wit
as to remind one of the poultry tic
houses which enthusiastic gentle- *
men farmers used to build, in the
crisis of the hen fever. That love
of cheap decoration which can in
duce men, in the awful shadow of 26
death and desolation which hangs
on this city, thus to add to the fu
ture risk of life and property, is a b
mania which should subject the pa- St
tient to the restraints of legal guar- -
dianship. A
A large and respectable party in
Chicago are struggling against the A
tide of public sentiment, and seek- N(
ing to procure the passage of such
laws as will bring future security;
but, thus far, they have been de
feated and overpowered, and that Sr
human sympathy which lew on
lightning pinions to comfort the
houseless should extend the further I'
aid of amoral sentiment which shall
defend Chicago from future and
fast impending destruction. A very W
little common sense on the part of
insurance companies would have
spared us the last great ire and
saved them from bankruptcy; and,
if local causes operate to prevent
the people here learning the lesson
of the great fire, there is no reason N,
why those who look on from a dis
tance should be blinded by the
smoke. Let the civilized world come
to the rescue, and help this infatu
ated people to learn the lesson the
All Father is teaching to the world
by their suffering and sorrow and
Brother Jonathan has the reputa
tion of being inordinately fond of
9fruit-ripe, healthy fruit, which bi
Bfalls when it is ready to be eaten.
He likes his cider and his apples
his pears and his melons-and has
a quaint style of his own of waiting
for the former until they fall on his
own premises, when he disposes of
f them at his leisure. He had one
t bloody struggle to secure a slice of
- foreign territory, to reach over a
y neighbor's lines and pluck that a
y which, had he been patient, would A
a have fallen on his own ground and
I become legally and peaceably his T
a own. This experience has made
e the Yankee nation prudent and
wary. Hereafter it will wait un
e til the fruit it desires is ripe, and
- falls where it will become ours by
- the right, not of warlike wresting
v from its orignal stem, but of peace- i
d able possession by the logical events
t in the progress of nations. There
- are two pears even now ripening
se and almost ready thus to falL It
U isonly a qaestion of time as to
y when we shall have Mexico and
e Cuboa. The inexorable laws of com- I
r merce and stern geographical re
t lations are certain to give us Cubsa
- -it will fall as naturnally into our
, possesio as the ripe fruit a the
n limb which extends over a neigh
at bor's territory. Spain is constantly
r rudely shaking the tree. Storms
re brewing which will wrench it(
g, from its roots, and the Cuban pear
t will fail into Brother Jonathan's
Slapbefore h is awareofit. Thus
e with Mexico. That pear is ripen
a- inag very ast. Our railroad ex
e- tenions are bhing a wonderful in.
, Afaee ona the fruit, in bringing aus
nearer ad nearer eanally to
p where it grows. To acquire CObs
at and Mexice by the logical course
ri- of events, hiding our time as God
in directs the propeuaorih adairs,
a lisgettingthe fruitwhem iti ripe
be and ready for conumption. uat
d- when it is plokel and devoured
s abeoreit~o. resay, ied ns. iral
as duon, disrrbea ad ds* s srM
to bl.o. I waM r t e peag
Swntil tq me zips, hslg emr
r silves iai s lo peL thinmup
a ar qse h lbe iL.-JtB54p5
Sqares 1 mao I mo s mos am 1I yr
one IlS I$7 l19 tl 6
Two 7 9 12 I35
Three 9 19 0 35 50
Four 15 95 35 0 70
Five 20 80 85
Six 4 42 70 100
1iolma. 45 00 190 175 50
Transiet dvertisements, $1 pee
square first insertion; each subsequent
insertion, 75 cents.
All business soices of advertisements
to be charged twenty cents per line each
Jo Pnrrote executed with neatness
and dspatch.
Wedding Caurs eecuted in aecrdaoseq
with p tg basions.
unerd Notices printed on, nortest no
tice and with quickest dispatch.
26 St. Charles Street S6
Prompt attention given to civil
business in the several courts of the
A. P. Fields &Robert Doion
Attorneys and Counnellors at Law.
No. 9 Commercial Place, 2nd Floor.
pStrict Attention to all Civil and
Criminal business in the State and United
States Court.
omcr, No. 120 oomsoa sruEr.
LAD PAsu eMeM h M
New Orleans, New York, Liverpool
London, Havre, Paris, or
Bremen, at the option
of the sinred.
CHARLES BRIGG8, President.
A. CARRRE, Vice-President.
J. P. Re. secretary.
OF Tru arr or msw roai
Geo. W. sih. Foe Prest. O. HIftee
Scribner. Prel, L H. Waters. Adcmy.
Sidney W. & fhL. Sey., earea app.
Supt. Agmen. T. I. Marcy. Med. &mer.,
Agents Xer Orlea rarasmcu A Amomn
S Chartered by the United States
Government, mc,
PRCLzcn, OI(rZ WIsIXOTO, D. 8.
- D. L. EA ON .... .Actuary.
114 Carodelet Street
o C, D. STURTEVANT, Cshir.
- IBnk Hour............9. r. to 3 r.s
Saturday Nights....... 8 to 8 o'else
it General Commieen Merohant
Ageat the sle l o a Bel Et, eto.,
I. oUrT o003 ULsesrrtrL Ar1rY TO
rs, M .,rs. , rW. ,
so ALUURt $1uiCB,
-p U~CuMinr-i~ E

xml | txt