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Semi-weekly Louisianian. [volume] (New Orleans, La.) 1871-1872, December 24, 1871, Image 1

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"REPUBLICAN AT ALL TIMES, AND UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES."
'OLUlME 2. NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1871. n NUMBE
,I Thrsdays and Sradays.
, II~A CaRONDELET BrUrIT,
\~a 0RLEass LA.
PINCHBACK, O.unS,
ANTOINE, CaDDo,
1. . KELSO. RriEE.
,, . BROWN,---Editor.
STEs or S casnCBIPro: ·q
.. . $5 00
s . .......... 3 00
t ,.. . . .... ... .. . .1 50
S~......... ... 5.
PROSPECTUS
oF THE
oniasan.iau.
.,' i. leavor to establish another
. ,. i;ornal in New Orleans,
.r,,rietors of the Lo-mniArmAx,
:..... t fil a recessity which has
, :r, and sometimes painfully
* .. In the transition state
S!!,. in their strngglingefforts
that position in the Body
..Aih we conceive to be their
re'garded that much infor
guidance, encouragement,
.I reproof have been lost, in
,:.ce of the lack of a medium,
. lch these deficiencies might
. 1. We shall strive to make
".,AN a Idesidleratum in these
POLICY.
t;.tto indicates, the Loti
iall ho R"epublican at iall
.... leroll circonstwcs" We
S;ate the security and enjoy- I
'o:ado:eivil liberty, the abso
'.litvy f all mon b)efore the law,
inlpartial distribution of hon
,.trn;age to all nho merit
- ',. f allaying animosities, of
.. the memory of the bitter
',r mooting harmony and union
" '.lastes and between all in
'hall advocate the removal 1
*.. 1 disabilities , foster kind
:'" arance, where malignity
I :.':int reigned, and seek for
. ,,Li stice where wrong and
Slrevlled. Thus united in
..1 objects, we shall conserve
.:rt,.rests, elevate our noble
Sn ,nvuiable position among
S'Sat.s. by the development.I
'.:tabl,, resources, and secure
:,.t. of the mighty changes
rv and condition of the
. :t ('Country.
S :'-lt there can be no true I
:the supremacy of law,
*:trict and undiscrimi
.:ration of justice.
i\XTION. t
".!port the doctrine of an
ni:f,, of taxation among
" . hful collection ofthe
"',my in the expendi- t
S dl"'.",h with the exigen- 4
''at. or Country and the f
:,r f ever legitimate obliga- f
EDUCATION.
-' '"iti the carrying out of
'u of the act establiahing t
.-- r'hool system, and urge
"n':"t duty the education of
S Vitally connected with
"'ight.nment, and the seeu
:lility of a Republican
- . '. s manly, independent,
C ' oduct, we shall strive t
'r paper, from an ephem-'
't"porary existence, and c
': Ul"I a basis, that if we
,'and," we shall at all a
'erve '
'-UERT EYRICH,
ler can Sd tlatjm '
" C AL STREET, C
w0$Ir! Louisions.
PO ETRY.
ROWING AGAIST THE TIDE.
It is easy to glide with its ripples
Adown the stream of Time,
To flow with the course of the river,
Like music to some old rhyme;
But ah ! it takes courage and patience
Against its current to ride;
And we must have strength from heaven
When rowing against the tide.'
We may float on the river's surface
While our oars scarce touch the stream,
And visions of early glory
On our dazzling sight may gleam;
We forget that on before us
The dashing torrents roar,
And, while we are idly dreaming,
Its waters will carry us o'er.
But a few-ah, would there were many !
Row up the "Stream of Life;"
They struggle against its surges,
And mind neither toil nor strfe.
Though weary and faint with labor,
Singing triumphant they ride;
For Christ is the hero's captain
When rowing against the tide.
Far on through the hazy distance,
Like a mist on distant shore,
They see the walls of a city,
With its banner floating o'er.
Seen through a glass so darkly
They almost mistake their way;
But faith throws light on their labor,
When darkness shuts out their day.
And shall we be one of that number,
Who mind no toil nor pain ?
Shall we moan the loss of earthly joys
When we have a crown to gain ?
Or shall we glide on with the river,
With death at the end of our ride,
While our brother; with heaven befbre him,
Is rowing against the tide?
Civil Rights olr the Colored
People.
We observe that Mr. Sumner is
pressing his supplementary civil
rights bill, the object of which is to
give to colored people the same
privileges in all public conveyances
and in all hotels and public places
that are now enjoyed by white
people.
This is right. Let the law be as
clear on this subject as the Consti
tution is. But a law to this effect
will make no appreciable difference
in the Southern States. The better
class of colored people in those
States are not disposed to thrust
themselves on white people, and
the better class of white people in
those States are not disposed to
deny to colored people the same
general public rights which they
enjoy themselves. We know of
one case in point. A reputable
colored man, a State officer and a
minister of the Gospel, was travel
ing in a public coach in a Southern
State with some white men and a
white lady. Reaching a village
where they were to take the steam
cars, there was no dinner provided.
The colored gentleman, known to
be a thorough Republican, said he
was hungry, having traveled all
day without breaking his fast. The
lady took a basket of edibles from ý
under the seat of the coach, helped
the colored man bountifully, and
then handed it to the white gentle
man. Africa and America dined
together in that stage coach from
the name basket. The colored man I
did not feel honored, and the white I
folks traveling with him did not'
feel humiliated. Yet that colored<
man, upright, pure-minded, repu
table, honored, and honorable as a
he is, did not, when they reached I
their journey's end, go to the same
hotel with these wh)te people.
[Chronicle.
The Dady Chronicle, in this article
on Senator Sumner's suplementary
civil rights bill appears a little
nervous, a little afraid of the equal
ity proposed by that bill, and ad- I
vises something, in its opinion, even
better and of more importance to '
the colored people of the country.
We say tothe Chronicle that the
colored people want all proposed in 1
Senator Sumner's bill and more,
and that they will continue to t
agitate until there is no distinction
made in this country based on aste.
The (hronide looks Upon the 1
desire of colored gentlemen and t
ladies to have seems to the best co-i
commodations on railroads, steam- i
boats, and in hotels thast they are
able to pay for, and the intelligence s
and refinement to enjoy, as "thrust
ing themselves upon white people.',
How foolish? Railroads, steam
boats, and hotels are for public ac
commodation, providing the public
comply with their reasonable regula
tions, and a decent respectable
white persop who pays his way in
car, steamboat, or hotel, does not
"thrust" himself upon a colored
person who likewise pays his way,
nor vce Ucrsa. Why the gentleman
of color above alluded to did not or
should not go to the same hotel
"with these white people," the
Chronicle does not tell us. Were
"these white people" of a higher or
lower class than usually frequented
that hotel; and if of a higher class,
what length of time will it take to
eradicate the evil influence of the
contaminating association with a
lower class of people? It must be
that the color of the skin makes all
white people equal, and that the
lowest and the highest, the pure
and the base, may associate together
in hotels, etc., without shock or
offense to either. Does the Chron
icle mean this? If it does not, will
it inform us what reason can there
be why "that colored man, upright,
pure-minded, reputable, honored,
hnd honorable," should not go to
'"the same hotel with these white
people" if they were like him, up
right, pure-minded, hqnored, etc.
We hope for the immediate pas
sage of Senator Sumner's bill, as it
will not only be an act of justice to
the colored people, but it will pre
vent the constant exhibition of the
downright silliness of white people
in their exhibition of caste prejudice
based on color.
[VNew Nataana! Era.
English Synonyns.
A little girl was looking at the
picture of a number of ships, when
she exclaimed, "See, what a flock of
ships !" We corrected her by say
ing that a flock of ships is called a
flock.
And here we may add, for the
benefit of the foreigner who is mas
tering the intricacies of our language
in respect to nouns of multitude,
that a flock of girls is called a bevy,
that a bevy of wolves is called a
pack, sad a pack of thieveris called
a gang, and a gang of angels is
called a host, and a host of porpoise
is called a shoal, and a shoal of
buffaloes is called a herd, and a
herd of children is called a troop,
and a troop of partridges is called
a covey, and a covey of beauties is
called a galaxy, and a galaxy of ruf
fians is called a horde, and a horde
of rubbish is called a heap, and a
heap of oxen is called a drove, and
a drove of blackguards is called a
mob, and a mob of whales is called
a school, and a school of worshipers
is called a congregation, and a con
gregation of engineers is called a
corps, and a corps of robbers is
called a bandandnd a band of locusts
is called a swarm, and a swarm of
people is called a crowd, and a
crowd of gentlefolks is called'the
elite, and the elite of the city's
thieves and rascals are called the
roughs, and the miscellaneoibs
crowd ol the city folksrs eiled tbr
community or the plublic, accading <
as they are spoken of by the reli
gious community or the secular
public.
[American Educational Monthly. ,
C'aauo 1li Tre. t
Amongthe plants of Guinea one
of the most curious is the cannon ball
tree. It grows torethe height of sixty
feet, and its lowers are remarkable u
br beauty and fragrance, and g
contradictory qualities. Its bloe- I
some are of a delicate crimson, j
apmig in large bunches, and
ex i pg a riceh erfume. The fruit t
resembles enormous cannon balls,
hence the same. However, some I
say it ha eenm so called became of
the noise which the ball makes inc
bursting, foae the ll domestic s
utensils ae made, and the contents a
contain several kinds of acids, a
besides sgr and gum, sad furnish t
the materal for ma an excellent I
i uar spr, this pup, wrh in asa
p y ril rste, ,tire Alty, 4
and the odo from a is uoediagly t
unpleraant. e
- An Editor's Troubles.
THE DEEP GRIM SILENCE OF THE
FOURTH STORY.
(From the Detroit Free Press.) 1
No one ever comes up into the
rooms of the top story of a four- I
t story building set apart for the
staff of a daily paper. This is why I
every article reads so evenly and I
smoothly. All yqu've got to do if I
you belong to the staff is to climb
up there, sit all day long in the
deep, grim silence, and when mid- 1
night comes you can lower yourself I
down stairs with a consciousness
I that every article will read like 1
clcck-work. c
Yesterday morning I commenced
an article entitled "The Unseen In
fluences of the Spirit World," and t
had got so far as to say that "Al- i
though we hear no voices, there is
some subtle influence pervading the i
i" when a man came up with a
demand for acorrection of an article I
charging him with bigamy. You t
have to keep right on with an id .i
when you got hold of it, and so I
run him in. t
"Pervading the air about you all C
the time Peter Smith has called at t
this office to say that the unheard a
voices coming from the dead often c
swerve from he isn't the man men- 1
tioned as having two wives the path c
marked out by obstinate- C
(Here another man came in and a
wanted a notice of his new build- t
ing.") L
-spirits which refuse to yield to t
that new block on Michigan avenue, 1
although Smith is directly charged v
by the police with a marble front t
and 120 feet deep. At night, after f
a day's toil, who does not love to
sit down and let his mind run to
the mysterious shadowy basement L
under it and stone caps above the t
windows we take great pleasure in '1
setting Smith right before his fel- s
low-citizens, and-"
-"Certainly, sir, look at all the the '
State maps you want to, and call
back the spirit of some dear friend 1
gone before us will ascertain the ,
name of the policeman who wrong- f
fully accused Mr. Smith of having t
a frontage on Michigan avenue p
which helps the look of that street 0
very much, and you will find the a
County of Hillsdale further to the t
left of that land from which no one
has ever returned to tell us whether
our friends are sad or joyful- "
(Here a boy came up and wanted
to sell some I onka beans to keep
moths off.
"Thank ye bub, don't want any
tonka beans if you ever want to look a
at any more of our maps come right e
up with a Mansard roof to crown b
all, and Smith is now set right be- 1
fore the public and his friends
generally, who have thus improved
the town and commune with them 1
as to whether a moment of sadness a
does not occasionally steal over 5
them as they think of the fond
friends left behind come up again
and I'll talk with you. about the
tonka beans and every patriotic citi
zen ought to keep a State map inA
his new block on Michigan awnue.
Smith states that one of his wives tI
deserted him in Illinois and the
other-"
(Here a subeariber came in and
wanted to know why no paper was C
issued the day after Thanksgiving.) h
"Because it was a day set apart
for one hundred and forty-four g
widows in the entire block with 1
tonka beans enameled on State tl
maps to mourn their early de- a
parture through the valley and the b
shadow of death. I don't want you
to bother me any more Mr. Smith
about your wives and comse hub b
get right down stairs now with your w
beans to that spirit land where all a
joy and peace the compositors
wanted a holida4 and it's against
the principles of Christianity to-'" a
(Here a boy came up with a bas- a
et of apples.) 1
"Forever more can't eat apples i
owing to my teeth and Smithis
now made good for any beans which
any State map eonected with this
office has nothingbut j and peace d
to mark the ne er-ei time I'll
break yeor nek if you y ps a
tote again and yeat ms 'tb he
new block spoaku of has no gasmy
4opro vethe emaoi_ o,'t ap,1a the
toaka beauns sold in hdle
county.
L Td IUISSISSIFPI FIIIGC UP.
The bed of the Mississippi river
seems to be filling up at a rate which
threatens in the eourse of time, to
e seriously affect navigation during
the dry season. This year at St.
e Louis; while the surface of the wa
P ter has been feur feet and one inch
j below the lowest stage of water at
i tained by the river in 1863, there
S,was at the same thime only about
five inches higher than in 1863. So in
1856 the bed (f the river, was found
Sto be two feet and three inches high
er than it was ten years previous.
It is thought that tough clay parti
cles are brought down by tributary
streams from the cultivated fields
of the northwest and depssited in
the channel, and that there, form
. ing with the sand a concrete mass,
adhere to the bottom instead of be
ing scoured out by the annual fresh
et as is the case with unmixed sand.
It is reasonable to suppose, too,
that the volume of water flowing
into the river will gradually decrease
[ as the country is opened to cultiva
tion, as such has been the case with
I our rivers flowing through cultiva
ted districts. The Danube, though
a large river, is unfit for purposes
of commercial intercourse. If we
look nearer home, we find that the
destruction of the forest and the
cultivation of the adjacent country,
are having the effect of drying up
-the Connecticut; very gradually, to
be sure, but still none the less effec
tually. Many of its tributaries,
which .formerly contributed large
volumes of water, the tw elve months
through, are now dry for three
fourths of the year.-EFrhan ,'.
i Some of the most curious reve
lations made by the census relate to
the Chinese in the United States.
Their numbers in the three last cen
suses appear as fellows: In 1850, 750;
in 1860, 35,565; in 1870, 63,254. It
will be seen that while the Chinese
population multiplied itself forty-seven
times within the second, that is, from
1860 to 1870. The absolute increase
was also less in the second than in the
first period, the figures being reepec
tively 27,689 and 34,807. For pur
poses of comparison, the population
of the United States may be made to
appear under the following classifica- I
tion:
1870.
White ..................33,586.989 I
Colored ................. 4,880,000 4
Indian .................... 25,731 1
Chinese ................. 63,254
Total .................38,55.9774
The relative strength of the Chinese
and Indians will be likely to surprise
everybody, for it would hardly have
been suspected that the Mongolians I
outnumbered the original natives near
ly two to one. Yet such is the case,
and the corresponding changesin each
class are still more surprising. In
1860 the Chinese had no preponder
ance, the figutes being, Chinese, 35,
566, Indians, 44,020. It seems, there
fore, that the Indians have decreased I
within the past decade about as fast as
the Chinese have increased. The re
turns from the Indian Territory and
Alaska, however, are yet wanting, and <
will make a little better showing for
the red men.
COLORED PASSENGERs ON NORTHERN
CTrras RALROAD TRAINS. - We
have frequent complaints from
gentlemen residing on the line of
the Northern Central railroad that
their colored servants coming to
and from the city are compelled to
take seat~ in the smoking cars. We a
suggested that they probably took a
them from habit or timidity, but a
were asured that such was not the a
case, but that they were ordered a
apon approaching the train by the a
conductors to the smoking ear. The a
smoking car is a very pleasant place
for thoser who smoke, but not one 1
i which any one should be com
pelled to sit who does not uaPoke.
The law, however, is aow ]
delned and unnad -s u ywhere, I
allows oft no distinti bing m
and itf any is sttsiptdweau~pe
these agrieqed that i ie mn eln
esary to insist ipan *six right. I
tebtsin thm.
-Bkliamouw A sria.
EN wINMW IT -GM.
Very much' hs been written on
this subject, and written unwisely;
the facts are that whosoever sleeps
uncomfortably cool wifl get sick.
To hoist a window sky-high when
the mercury is at zero is an absur
dity.
The colder a sleeping apartmet I
is, the more unhealthy does it be
come, because cold condenses the
carbonic acid formed by thebreath
ing of the deeper. It settles near '
the oor and is rebresthed, and if
in a very condensed fhrm, he will
die before the morning. Hence we I
must be governed by circumstances; ]
the first thing is, you must be com
fortably warm during sleep-other-'
wise you are not refreshed, and in
fiamation of the lungs may be en
gendered and life destroyed within
a few days.
An open door and an open fire
place are smceient for ordinary pur
poses in very cold weather. When
outer windows are opened, it is well
to have them down at the top two 1
or three inches, and up at the bbt
tom for the same space.
In miasmatic localities-and these
are along water-courses, beside till.
ponds, marshes, bayous, river bot
toms, flat iade, and the like-it
most important, from the first of
August until several severe frosts
have been noticed, to sleep with all
external doors and windows closed
because the cool air of sunset causes
the condensation of the pois6nou=
emanations which were caused by
the heat of the noonday sun to rise
far above the earth; this conSensa
tion makes the air "heavy" at sun
down, made heavy by the great
solidification of the emanations by
cold; and resting on the surface of
the earth in their more concentrated
and Wlignant form they are
breathed into the stomach, currupt
ing and poisoning the blood with
great rapidity.
By daylight, these considerations
are made so compact by the protrac
ted coolness of the night, that they
are too near the surface of the earth
to be breathed into the system; but,
as the sun begins to ascend, these
heavy condensations, miasms begin
to rise again to the height of several
feet above the ground, and are free
ly taken into the system by every
breath and swallow; hence the hours
of sunrise and sunset are the most
unhealthful of all the hours of the
twenty-four in the localities named;
and noontide, when the Run is hot
test, is the most healthful portion
of the day, because the miasm is so
much rarefied'that it ascends rapid
ly to the upper regions.
The general lessons are:
1st. Avoid eaposure to the out
door air in miasmatic localities for
the hours ine!uding sunrise and
sunset.
2d. Have a blazing fire on the
hearth of the family room at those
hours, to rarefy and send the mi
asm upwards.
3d. Take breakfast befere going
out of doors in the morning, and
take teM before sundown; then be
ing out after night is not injurious.
-Hails Journal.
A Wuderful Bridge.
The bridge now in proesse of
ereclhso aross the Missiesppi, at
St Louis, is one of the wonders of
theage, Itistobea tabular,e,st
steel, soir bnidge, supported by the
abutment sad two piers;, the lattr
are Ave hundred and 6fteen let
apart, and four hundred eand ainety
seven feet each mm it nearest
abutment, making thow ae.. cf
about flvh.ndral fret each. Ite
restmt spea is the mie am th et I
the Ksllsmbnr bridp over the
21eck, mes of the flaae. Tel.
Sud's e.eg be diomi the
Maser Atnib heera spnw Ie
huand bemt eru i, t e qs.
eobrdge ata spans!
hundred af~1o elest,
sendt swo hundredt rn4 aotre
fast abve. the wats The seas
River bridge wmllppa one theuind 4
anal inzhun.&..d& ..u
RATES OF ADVERTISING
S o ros 3I u o! S s Ismp
One .' p2 iss
Four 15 25 35 50 70
Five' 20 36 46 60 86
8ix 1 42 50 70 100
1 Colamm. 45 80 120 175 L60
Ta advet advetisemt, SI $ pe
squaer Ilat insertion; each subsequent
Insertion, 75 cents.
All business notices of advertisements
to abe ged tweenty ents per ase em
ineertki a.
ar PnSratn ' executed with neatce
Wedding Oards exeuted is acordeases
with prevaling fashions.
Fmeral Notices printed en hastest ao
tioe and with quickest dispatch.
SOfcalesrs, Progmeau GOemal
Busaudsiess C Pad 4es-q 41 a .
anteed to give general saetislon to al
who wish to ie oar
PRO k L.
JOHN B.HB
LAW OFFICE,
26 St. Chirles Stre*t 3d
New Orleans.
Prompt attention given to civiF
business h theaveaI cts d.ti
State.
A. P. FI.ELDS & IOBET MTII,
ATTOýNE S AND OUNSELlORS AT,
LAW,
No. 9 Comnmerci. 12 a 2nd Floor,
New Orleans.
-o
SStrict Attention to all vil anad
Criminal business in the State and Uetsd
States Court.
INSURANCE COMPANILb-BAN.S.
LOUISIANA
MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY
AND RIVER RISKS
N.D PATS ossWsr.
New Orleans, New York, Liverpool
London, Havre, Paris, or
Bremen, at the option
of the insured.
CHARLES BRIGGS, President
A. CARIIERE, Vice-President
J. P. Roci. Secretary.
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY
OF THE CITY OF NEW YOIl
NO. 139 BROADWAL, .
Orwscms
GeO W. &nit. Vice Ptut. 0. HIm,
&ribne. Pres, L H. W ers. Adury.
Sidney W. Oqfut. Sect, rem t (a p.
Supt. Ageac.. KT Marry. MYed msr.,
Agents N.. Orleans n xaA.s...om 7u
TIB FIEBDIAU'S B1A11TS.
TRUSTT COMPANT,
Chartered by the United State.
Government, Mah,
I866
?3INAsLe ostIce, wasmiwnoro, D. c.
D. L. BATO .A...Actu eary.
BRANCR AT NEW ORLEANS, LA.
114 Carondelet Street.
C, D. STURTZFAMW, QA-bi
Bank Hoars.........9 A.k t. 39p..
Satrday Night......... o*'e**l*ee
..- U.. ·---.
of the Pbloof
CIGAZ MANdpUPASOe,
at Na 138 Paotynia S.ea, -er Di3
dad where ordem will b.
thamk~e reeined aias p at
hr New .n, Dee 18, 1871.
17..C. 5TBEr. ....,17
ABaclasl Impeees. and
ciIawOet·hrdm ~

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