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"REPUBLICAN AT ALL TIMES, AND UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES."
vOLUME 2. ;NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 187. NUMBE 8. .. . . . . . . . '._a m i . t,,r.vdLys acd Sundays. 0r" ,1 ('ARON.DELET 8 rarr, \w OILEAAs LA. I I.. 'INCHIBACK, OaLr.s, (. ANT(OINE, CanDo, Ei. K. KELSO, Rit.mEs. ;. BRol-,~~---Editor. T Tens OFr StnsICBarTIro: - S.............. $ 00 S! U . . 3300 r. It, .... ........·.... 1 5150 L t', ,P" Y . .. .. . . . 5. PROSPECTUS ofi THE h tl, .,ndeavor to establish another , iL:i I~.iurnal in New Orleans, : v lrpn .turN of the LoriaLxAN, Sl .... ti a3 necessity which has ia san d sometimes painfully f m,,,it. In the transition state ,; h ,it.oI., in their struggling efforts ..in that position in the Body w:. hic.h we couccive to be their is rgarddl that much infor . guil;ance(, encouragement, Slad rprof have been lost, in "'.!1t n(Te f the lack of a medium, :.h hi,.h these deficiencies might ',:'li'i. We shall strive to make 4 L. vtLS~aNL.IO a desideratum in these POLICY. . ,ir motto indicates, the LocL :~ shall be "Repthlican at all .1 ,t, rodl circu,nstances " We SIvocate the security and enjoy -,,f lbroaldcivil liberty, the abso equality of all munu before the law, I an impartial di.strilution of hon ni, patrTonago to all who merit ; lrs of allaying animosities, of raitntg the memory of the bitter :proimoting harmony and union V: 1 cla:sses and between all in ." we shall advocate the removal ',,,litical disabilities , foster kind 1-. f, rIearane, where malignity _.-rtntuwnt reigned, and seek for - anl justice where wrong and ,:i n prevailed. Thus united in a. . objects, we shall conserve >t iutrests, elevate our noble Sa enviable position among 'r Stat.,s, by the development :u:t:.aldh resources, and secure S:ili its of the mighty changes :.I-trvy and condition of the the ., Conutr. that there can be no true 1'" -hiut the supremacy of law, -: strict and undiscrimi nt.:.istration of justice. T \XATION. ftulplport the doctrine of an l tl-in of taxation among * fatithful collection of the n,;, '(,notmy in the expendi r' 'nfl,,riadly with the exigen ' tat, or Country and the *.. , e Ivery legitimate obliga EDUCATION. K'ld suhtain the carrying out of s rr,,-i,,ns of the act establishing tnsCon ichool system, and urge : "mount duty the education of I t<i. as vitlly connected with '1 enlightenment, and the seen .ltihility of a Republican FINAL. .eoruts, manly, independent, Cou n cnduct, we shall strive our p~'per, from an ephem 41. tm,,,porary existence, and itc ujtUln a basis, that if we t conuua;nd," we shall at all LIBEIET EYRICH, Olsiler and Stationer 1 CANAL STREET. New Orlans.l L.;isin.; POETRY. [From the Independent. LA PERDIE. BY sACLt. PO311OY. Face that haunts me wherever I turn With a smile that is no smile, painted wan; Eye where a perilous light hath shone; And cheek whose sham carnations burn For the innocent roses gone ! Roses ? Ah ! yes; once hers, no doubt, None wore once a robe more sweet. Alas ! that fairness should be so fleet ! Than the woman her purer sisters flout, And shame to pass on the street. None walked prouder in maiden's estate: None lived life more blithely free Just another like you and me: Though she knocks to-day ata bolted gate, Bolted to such as she ! Her flower grew old ere the bud was blown, Paled and shrank in its tender spring, Shriveled and fell, a wounded thing; Fell in the dust, to lie alone, Crushed and quivering. Yet think how she that, seeming gay, Though joyless joys be hers, I wish, Haunts the edge of a precipice, May have thrown her white young soul away, Who knows, for a single kiss ! Till a doom more hopeless than fabled hell, A blacker death than the grave can hide. Follow her blackly side by side; Follow her cramped in a fatal spell, No penitence ever untied ! How must she weep for that youth-time bright; How must she sometimes moan and cry, With terrible tears of agony: Tasting a bitterly base delight, Till her swift hour come to die. Till the sweet, swift hour of Lethe come, With plentiful balm for bosom and lip, That whose thirsts for shall surely lip, And into a future sightless and dump, The merciful dark, she slip. Oh ! earth, has thou nothing but this to give ? Oblivion and shadow to hide her shame, Corruption and ashes to cover her name ! Canst thou give her no miotive, good earth, to live, And win back a beautiful fame ? For all besides hast word of hope, To any but her will blandly say, Thy fault is forgiven thee, go thy way ! And must she only exiled grope, Forever shut out from day ? Ah ! well, long injuries hate to die; Purpose is feeble, passion is strong, The world-old curse it lingers long But up from the chaos goes a cry: Undo the ancient wrong ! Let sounder ethics, a straighter cree Slowly evolve and ripen slow, In the individual ripen and grow Whose first of axioms shall read, Virtue no sex can know ! Teach the child the primal fact That self-respect is the absolute prize, Self-rule the realest of liberties; Till you rear a race, in code and act, Healthy, pure, and wise. SKETCHES OF A SOUTIERN TOUR, TnHE MECHA.eICS' ISvTITnTE--LTrzB VIEW wrrITII GOVEOR WARMOTH CORDIAL RECPTON - PoLTICALe CO~NVE-PATiO-SUPPORT or GOEN. GRSNT - LIEUTENANT GOVaRNOB PINscBsAc-HIs EARLY HIsTroaR -THE APPEARANCE or BOTH MEN -IMPRESSIONS - THE LATm Gov. DUNN--STOMxY TnMES EXPECTED. New Orleans, Dec. 19, 1871. The officers of the State govern ment of Louisiana have their offices in the Mechanics' Institute, a large and rather imposing building on Dryades street, one block above Canal. The Legislature meets here also. The Senate Chamber is on the lower floor, whilst the Repre sentatives meet in a large room above. Many stormy scenes have been witnessed in and around this building since the close of the war. At times great mobs composed of infuriated men, thirsting for the blood of the newly enfranchised have surged up and dcwn the street hooting and howling like demons. The Executive Chamber, occu pied by Gov. H. C. Warmoth and his private Secretary, Mr. Bragdon, is a small but neatly fitted up room aontiguons to the Senate Chamber. Having heard much of the Gover nor we naturally felt some curiosity to see him, consequently an inter view was arranged by some friends. On repairing to the large ante-room it was found to be full of people in waiting, to see him, and the pros pect did not seem very flattering. Our cards were sent in, however, and in less than five minutes, much to our surprise, we were promptly admitted. Dr. Cooper and Captain Woodward were present, the latter of whom formally presented us to His Excellency, who immediately arose and received us with great cordiality. After the ceremony of hand-shaking was over the Gover nor invited us to be seated, and immediately entered into a lively conversation. He spoke of great resources of Louisiana, and the im portance of wise legislation looking' to a development of her internal wealth, now in an abnormal condi tion. The early completion of the great railroad running into Texas he regarded as a foregone conclu sion, and one that would confer innumerable advantages upon the State. The conversation soon drifted into politics, and after some allusions to the differences now existing between himself and the Custom house officials, very frankly stated hat the Republican party of Louis iana would support Gen. Grant for the Presidency if he received the nomination. "In fact," said the Governor, "he shall have the sup port of my administration in the event of his nomination, just as cordially as any other man, and the State will give him not less than 25,000 majority." We must confess we were rather startled at hearing such emphatic expressions from Gov. Warmoth, knowing the diffi culties existing between himself and the President, growing out of the management of affairs at the Cus tomhouse, and the reports of his opposition to him which had gone abroad. At this juncture of the conversa tion, Lieut. Governor Pinchback entered the room, and was intro duced to us by the Governor him self. It will be recollected that he was elected a few weeks ago, at a special session of the Senate, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the sud den death of Lieut. Governor Dunn, Mr. P. B. S. Pinchback immediately took part in the conversation and soon showed himself to be a gentle man of much refinement and cul ture. At the conclusion of about twen ty minutes the interview ended, when the Governor and his Lieu tenant again shook hands with us very cordially, and the party with drew, much pleased with their visit. Governor Warmoth is a tall and slender young man, not quite thirty years of age, exobedingly graceful and elegant in his manners and address, and not rough and uncul tivated as many of us have been taught to believe in the North. He is a fluent and interesting conversas tionalist, and possesses the happy faculty of making you feel at ease the moment you are in his presence. There is no reserve, no cold and haughty dignity about him calcula ted to repel, but on the other hand he is what might be called a social genial gentleman, one who will make a favorable impression at once on the mind of a stranger. He is probably one of the best abused men in the country, and has had his share of misrepresentation, caused in a great measure by the peculiar and turbulent elements which have surrounded him from the very inception of his adminis tration. Lieut. Governor Pinchback is a light mulatto, and accomplished and elegant in his manners. In the North he might easily paea for a white man. He is also yoang, not over thirty-fivre years of age. He was born in the State of Missis sippi and received his edaueation at Oberlin College, when he afterwards made his way to New Orleans, where he lecatd. He poessees an exceedingly quik and brilliant intellect, has an intuitive knowledge of human nature, as it were, which enables him to arrive at conclusions with great accuracy, and is repre sented as being one of the finest speakers in the State. After the organization of the colored troops he received the appointment of captain and faithfully served his country in the field. He never was a slave. Immediately on the re cognization of the State he took an active part in politics and soon be came a representative man. Being naturally shrewd and quick to de vine the intention of his adversaries he is a formidable opponent in the political arena. Mr. Pinchback socially they call him "Pinch" for short-has had rather a turbulent career since his advent in politics in this city, and he has successfully passed through many trying occa sions. Repeated attempts have been made to amaessinatehim. Rancorous rebels have gone so far as to hire colored men to put him out of the way, and on one occasion he was shot at five times on Canal street, but escaped. That a wrong im pression prevails in the North with reference to the Lieutenant Gov ernor as a man, we are fully eatis fled. He is just what we have des cribed him-a gentleman of refine ment and culture-andthe very op posite of what his name would seem to indicate. The late Lieut. Governor Dunn was a representative man also, and the great champion of his race in Louisiana. He was black, but a man of culture, and presided in the Senate with great dignity. The published statement that he was a slave at one time, and which has gone the rounds of the papers, is mphatically denied here. He learned the trade of a plasterer, but having a great talent for music, adopted it as a profession and taught it for several years. He was held in great esteem here by all classes, and when he died it is estimated that fully 20,000 people followed his remains to the grave. The funeral procession is generally spoken of as the largest ever witnessed in New Orleans. We also had the pleasure of a very interesting meeting with Gen. Herron, Secretary of State. The General is a Pennsylvanian and hails from Pittsburg. We also met a number of Senators and members of the House of Representatives, boi white and black, and conversed with them freely and on the state of affairs. The Legislature convenes early in January, when, owing to the war of the factions, an interesting and exciting time is expected. It is hoped that a reconciliation will take place between the antagonistic ele ments, and that peace and harmony may be restored at an early day. Issues of vital importance are at stake-the interest of Louisiana de mand that the utmost good will and harmony should prevail. They are essential to the peace and preserva tion of the country as well as the stability of our republican institu tions. Joss or LACasrTE. Quallfeatlan. Every Mason of ordinary intelli gence knows that color is neither a qualification or disqualification for ad mission to a lodge. Any lodge can initiate a colored man if it sees proper to do so. But the colorsd lodges al ready existing are not, and cannot be recognized as legal. With the legiti mate or illegitimate, they are intra ders in other judrisditions, and no Grand Lodge in Ameu can recognise them without abandoning its claim to exclusive jurisdiction. And if the lodges cannot be recognized, certainly the members cannot. If the colored man wishes to become a Mamson, let him pursue the same course that white men do, and apply to a legally consti tuted lodge, and if he should even then be rejected, he will have fared no worse than many a white man has before. The physical quhaliications of a can didate are, that he must be a man, free born, of lawful age, being neither too young nor too old for the Master's work, hale and sound, not deformed or dismembered. This is a landmark in which no man or body of men an make ~a e crinawatio. If,there mind, as his own unbiased opinion, that the candidate has in fact these necessary qualiflcations he cannot conscientiously, therefore, he cannot masonically, initiate, nor can a brother not so satisfied conscientiously or masonically vote for or be present at the initiation of such a candidate. The same rule applies to passing and raisins when the defect has not arisen since initiating. The Master or brother cannot in this matter substitute for his own consoience or opinion the con science or opinion of any other man or body of men ; no dispensation or advice can protect the offender; it can only make shares in his guilt. [Decision of Grand Master of New York. When a companion objects to the ad vancement of a candidate, it is his right to keep his reasons secret, and his objection must berpeced. But if he thinks proper to dispense with his right to secresy and give his rea sons, it is then the province of the Chapter to pas upon their validity, and if the majority deem them insuff cient, to proceed with the advance ment. M. M.-A candidate has been pro posed and elected, but before present ing himself for initiation he met with an accident, the result of which will be a permanent lameness. Can he lie initiated? Answer.-No. E. C.-Is there any law to prevent the initiation of a candidate who is in all respects worthy, but who is unable to read or write. Answer.-Yes. The law reqiring him to sign the petition for initiation, and to make written answers to the questions required by our regulations, to be presented to every appliant for initiation. P. P. P.-The commissioners in a Masonic trial have no power to allow the charges to be altered, amended, or withdrawn. Their province is to hear, try, and determine the same. If the complainant desires to withdraw the charges, the commissioners could re port that fact to the Lodge, and ask for instruction; or, no evidence being of fferred for the prosecution, they could report the charges not proved. -Masonic Tidings. Our Representatives. In the last issue of the Chief we said it should be our especial pro vince to watch over and make known to our readers the respective courses taken by the several repre sentatives in the lower house of the General Assembly from the Seventh Senatorial District, and here is their record for the first five days of the session: Hos. MILTON Monrns, from this parish, has proven himself a staunch and consistent Republican, be it said to his honor. His vote has been cast invariably in opposition to the mongrel coalition headed by that ex-Confederate Colonel, Geo. W. Carter, and in favor of the friends of the administration, who have had such a hard fight to per petuate Republicanism in Louisiana. Mr. Morris will come back to his people with his hitherto bright re cord still brighter, and will receive their hearty thanks and unqualified endorsement for representing them so faithfully. Hos. DE Wrrr C. BaowN, also from his parish, came near making a fatal mistake by voting with the mongrel revolutidhista during the first two days of the session, but the disgraceful and illegal conduct of the faction, and especially of its leader, convinced him that the crowd would not do to tie.to, so on the third day he allied himself with the friends of the administration. We do not anticipate that Mr. Brown will return to Ascension to receive thanks from the people, however. He hasnot misreprssnted them, and that is all they demand or expect of him. Hox. Hmr RmzY, of St. James, has parsaued a course that willre dound to his everlasting oredit. Mr. Riley was a warm friend and sp porter of the late lamented Lieu tenant Governor Dunn, but when he foand those who had been po litiesily allied with that distinguish ed gentlemen, conspiraring uith the Democracy to overthrow the Re publican party and Republican State Government, he did just precisely what Governor Dunn would had he been living: came oat boldly in support of the administration,throw ing aside personal animosity ad considering only that the life of the great party of equal rights was in danger, and that the smneeas c the hfaction with which he had been inmkdentied wmd throw th SEat Goverament mnopletaly into the hands of the Democrats within ten days afterward. Mr. Riley has done nobly, and his constituents will re ward him with their approbation beyond the shadow of a doubt. Hox. AnoLPan TuaunD, of. St. James, stands alone in the delegs tion from this district as having re flected disgrace upon himself and grossly misrepresented the people who elected him. The only reason that can be'assigned for Mr. Tu reaud's support of the Customhouse Democratic faction in his personal animosity towards Governor War moth, for what cause we cannot conjecture. Words fail to express the loathing and contempt we feel for the colored man who will wil ingly aid in a project to overthrow the party to which he is indebted for his freedom and his position in life. There is not one iota of prin cipal involved in Mr. Tureaud's op position to the Republican portion of the House; be is a hot-headed young man, and for the sake pf charity we ascribe his shameful course to an almost ungovernable temper. Passion has blinded his eyes, and he saw not the precipice towards which he was helping to drag the Republican party. Let us hope he will wake from his delusion and, in so far as he can, retrieve his great error. If he does this he may receive at least toleration from his constituents, but if he does not, his political ruin and disgrace are in evitable. Taken altogether, the represents. tion from this Senatorial District is good. Three of our Representa tives are allied upon the side of Re publicanism, while but one supports the iniquitous law-breakers whose outrages are beyond comparison with anything in the history of the government of this or bny other Republic. Of our Senator Hon. O. Hunsaker, we have deemed it un necessary to speak, as every one knows that he ishone of the most earnest and effective supporters of the administration in the State. His course in the Senate is one that any man might feel proud of, and if the people of the Second Congres sional District shall select him for their next representative in Con gress, our decided opinion will be that they could not find a better man, or one that has earned a greater right to the honor.-Donald sonville Chief. Civil light. for Colored Iea. Within the last three days we have had the first opportunity to read the official report of the debate in the Senate on Mr. Sumner's Supplementary Civil Rights bill offered as an amendment to the universal amnesty bill. It has given us the sincerest pleasure, as well for the masterly skill and abili ty Mr. Sumner displayed in answer ing and exposing the sophistry of Mr. Hill, of Georgia, in defending and justifying the indignities to which colored men are still sub jected, as for the just, patriotic, and manly sentiments he so eloquenatly proclaimed. The disagreeable fea ture of the discussion was the fact that,at this late day, in the face of theconstitationalguarantee ofequal civil rights to all'6of our citizens, and the civil rights act lpased to enforce this provision, a Senator, coming into Congreess with a constituency of ninety thousand colored voters, and a colored population of nearly half a million, ahould feel justified in refusing to recognize the great principle of justice, humanity, and equality, sad in striving to keep alive the old pro slavery feeling c prejudice and hatred to the colored race. Mr. Hill talks as glibly about "social equality," and the necessity of keeping up a distinction between black and whites as the noisiest Northern Democrat in the pmhny days of the divine instituton. Though colored men are every dsy mbject tothe insult of beingex elaed fro rem mireoa ears, pablie BATES OF ADVERTIING. Squares 1 mo 2 mo 3 moe 6 mas 1 yr One 84 87 89 $1S $80 Two 7 9 12 90 35 Three 9 12 20 35 50 Four. 15 25 35 50 70 Five 20 35 45 10 85 six 24 42 50 70 100 1 Column. 45 80 190 175 950 Taine&t W, 1M.a., i $10 per minswes a I ag each subsequent In erlm o r5 e ol .hr , m no All business edties of adverutemeunts to be charged twenty cents per line each insertera. low Paro executed with eatness ad dspatoi. ,o wi y eeted oaree.ea e PFuneral Notices printed osa shotest no tioe and with %ackest dispatch. 'pi- ciro ars, Prog-ame, Gene Bsiness Carls, Pbetes, etc., etc., guar anteed to give general satisbetion to all who may wish to secure our services. 01 1 PROFESSIONAL. JOHN a HOWLARD. LAW ormE, 26 St. Charles Street 2 New Orleans. Prompt attention given to C iv business in the several ourts of the State. AL F. FIELFS I MIRTE MALMN, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, No. 9 Commercial Place, 2nd Floor, New Orleans. Striot Attention to all Civil and Criminal business in the State and United States Court. INSURANCE COMPAIRES-BANS,. LOUISIA*A MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY orFmc, No. 120 coxxo ern Or. INSURES FIRE, MARINE AND RIVER RISKS AND PAI U LOMI INe New Orleans, New York, Liverpool London, Havre, Paris, or Bremen, at the option .of the insured. CHARLES BRIGGS, President. a CARRIERE, Vice-President. J. P. Ro[,. Secretary. E Y P II E MUTUAL LIFE INSURANC2 COMPANY or TrE CrTY OF NEW YOu NO. 139 BROADWAY. Orracem (eo. W. Bmil Vice Prests . Hilto* Scribner. Pret, L IL Waters. Aduary. Sidaey W. Chb S.dy.c., EMarst Clapp. Supt. Agentc. T. & Marcy. ed. &mmr., Agents New Orls Dcaau.c , A8Trora TRUST COWMPANr , Chartered by the United States Goverment, March, FuamcIPL omes, waHsNoroN, D. c. D. L. EATONI.Act cOT . BRANCH AT NEW ORLEANS, LA. 114 Craodelet Sreet. C, D. BTUETEVA.NT, Csahier. Bank Hoars...........9.x .to 3.v. Saturday Nights........ to o'cleak U18AR UAUAgtSThAT. The f anotifes the Publio CIGAB MANUFACTORY, at No. 199 Polymnni Street, near Dry ades Street, where orders will be thran ly rseceived and Ptly at tended to. o. B. Bnoujj~Z 3m New Orleans, Dec. 18, 1841 CARPET WAREHOUSE. 17......CHARTEES EBEET......17 ABBOUSSEAU A CO., Imperters and Dsalemat Wholesale and etail, offe at low paesa; CARPETING, FIOOR OIL CIAOTH, MATYInt