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"REPUBLICAN AT ALL TIMES, AND UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES."
VOLUME t. NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, THRUSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1872. NUMBER eLoisiran. 1I iiý"u s ry sd uidSundays. t;. 1i1 ('AiIiDEIET srRRErT, rx OR.EAss LA. : I'INHIItACK. OmLEdAs, '\N'DTlNE, Canso, ,;i.l KELS(, RAPrr)s. ,,. (;. BRO(WN,---Editor. I..V' "' Y ' t I rIPTION: 4 . ........ .$5 0o . ............ 300 1 , .. . . . 1 50 - z . .I . . ... . . . . . . . . . 5 PIRtO()PE('TUS S() I ' HI: ., ,lvor to, e'tabllish another Sj, urn;l in New Orleans, . ,f the' Lorns-,IA, a necessity which has ..:. . m:tiniws painfully , In the transition state ii the.ir struggling efforts .. ,.t p vition in the Body IlJIi wi V conIceive to be their .r"arl.le i that much infor "gliil.a.ce, .licouragement, .iiI r. pro,,,f hive lbeen lost, in i. of th, l::ck of a medium, , nl h th! ,, thdeficieneies might ,, Ii. \\'e shall strive to make Si i 1LI a vie.silr., tum in these I'OLICY. ..r itto indicates, the Lovi hall be " Republican at all ,i, ,irall circumsan.trrc," We ,.,iate the security and enjoy :r",) .ulcivil liberty, the abso Ahtv :.1 uen belwfore the law, 1 ,rti., \ dihtribution of hon ,I 1 i.trI.e,, tl all who merit 4- ,f ;.llying animosities, of ' tr.h,.,e the memory of the bitter .: w .rn,.nting harmony and union .:I 'hl..s and bletween all in t ,haill advocate the removal icl d isaihilities, foster kind " .:,,r,.earance, where malignity '. .~,nut reigned, and seek for .1 justice where wrong and " tr,'vailed. Thus united in n-1 ,l ,jeCt.s, wetshall conserve :'t, re.ts, elevate our noble ,: env-iablle position among SSt.t.. Iy the development ..::,!ta:lle resources, and secure ti'- of the mighty changes .,ry :anl condition of the * :. i the ('ountry. tlhi- t there can be no true n':,,It the supremacy of law, . stri,.t antl undiscrimi i-tra:tion of justice. S1'.\X.TION. 'll ")rt the doctrine of an '. in, of taxation among fIlthful eoll.ection of the I SI'",V,,y in the expendi :in,.iily with the exigen- I ':. .t, t,, r Country and the ' 'very legitimate obliga- ' "-rain the carrying ont of v::"',f the act establishing '' chool system, and urge t ! '':a'"t d(ity the education of e ..'.. -vit lly connected with r 1 ]"i'htvuimtnt, and the secu ':.: I:lty of a Republican 1INAtL. t t ':"v.rvus manly, independent, t ... I v,')onduct, we shall strive )our pailer, from an ephem- a tv. l ilvtrarv existence, and s " p " o" nIlu a basis, that if we o'iandil, " we shall at all I * dwrve e success. e ALIIIT EYRICH, t ler and Statiooner ti CA" -AL STREET, h N Orleans, LowiiDn PEROINAL EXPLANATION. Several violent and false accusa tions having been made before the Congressional Committee against Lieutenant Governor Pinchback, and that body adjourning before he could avail himself of an opportuni ty to exculpate himself, embraced the opportunity of the presence of the Committee in the Senate cham ber, on Saturday last, and calling a Senator to the chair, the Liouten ant Governor took the floor and said: I am again forced, Mr. 5 President, to claim the atten tion of the Senate for a few mo ments on a question of privilege. I was not a little surprised on yester day to see so many gentlemen rising for the purpose of making personal explanations ; but I find it explain ed in the fact that serious charges r have been made by certain witnes ses before the congressional investi gating committee against those gen g tlemen as well as myself. This is _ the first opportunity I have had since I read the testimony of those witnesses to make a personal ex planation. I see that one Mr. S. W. Scott testified that at one time I was to be paid for some vote or action of mine on the floor of the Senate. I have not before me the paper containing the evidence of that gentleman, and, therefore, can t not allude to it specifically. I de sire to say to the Senate and the e members of the congressional com mittee who are present, that Mr. Scott has stated that which he - knows to be untrue. I had no I knowledge of the gentleman prior e to the time that we had before us the bill which empowered the Gov ernor to sell the stock in the Jack son railroad held by the State. I saw him then upon the floor of the Senate lobbying, as I understood, in favor of that measure. He tes tifies that a large amount of money was to be spent in its passage, and r that the votes of legislators were to be paid for by the issue of paper by a Mr. Kimball, indorsed by himself I (Mr. Scott) He says that I, among - other gentlemen, received one of those checks for $1000, and I pre sume he intended to have the com mittee infer that I received it in consideration of my vote. I will state to the Senate and the members of the committee that Mr. Scott led the committee to imply that which was not true. I admit his correctness in stating that I held one of those checks. It was placed in my hands for collection, and I presented it to him for pay ment. I am a commission merchant, and sometimes have collected notes for friends of mine. He was buy ing paper of that kind, and says he offered me $350, which I declined to take. I do not know that he of fered me that, but I suppose so. How that paper got on the market he knows better than anybody else in the community. It is in my hands yet, as I was not empowered to take less for it than its face called for, which was the reason I could not accept his proposition. So muchi for that transaction. Mr. Scott also charges that Senator Beares and 1 myself opposed the new city charter in consideration of a certain sum of t money. That charge is untrue, and e the gentleman can not produce any a evidence to substantiate it The a reason I opposed that bill is well g known to the Senatorncw presiding (Mr. Barber) as well astoevery f other colored man in the Legisla- y ture, and many not in it. The ques- s tion was, who was to fill the offices to be created ? A demand was made t by me, at the request of the colored b men of this city, that the Governor a should appoint a colored man to v the position of Administrator of Public Improvements. The Gov- w ernor would not comply with that a request, and we determined then n to oppose the bill to the last From b that day I commenced my opposi- r tion to the Governor. I opposed u him for twoyears by my votes and g by my inlunence in the Senate a Chamber; and perhaps I wouldjp not be supporting him now if I had not become convinced that only'by a- sustaining him could the Republi be can party be saved in this State. st As to the gentleman who testified k, against me on political points (Judge le Walker), his character is well known Li- in this community. He is a blatant d Democrat, and one of the most ma of licious newspapers published in our a- city-a sheet that would not scruple to traduce the character of any o_ man who was not in political accord ,d with it. The outrageous statements of that gentleman were made for r. no other reason than to make po - litical capital for himself or against me. There is one portion of his testimony which seems to me to be extremely spicy. I refer to the fol lowing extract: 1 * * * "I was surprised to k learn from Judge Dibble and Gen e oral Sheridan that Pinchback was the Governor's choice. I expressed i- my disgust in emphatic terms; L whereupon General Sheridan ex s cused the choice as one to which the d Governor was driven by the appre e hension that if a conservative citizen I was placed in the Lieutenant Gov ernorship, the Legislature would im e peach Warmoth in order to get that r citizen into his place, and that the e election of Pinchback would flank e his movement. Judge Dibble gave the same reason, and took the same view. I denounced the proposition i as indicating very low ideas and e notions of action. "Question-Did these gentlemen r. deny that Pinchback was a rascal? e "Answer-No; they said he was o the smartest negro in the State." r This, I say, is a very spicy piece s of evidence. I reply that if either Judge Walker, Judge Dibble, Gen eral Sheridan or the Governor says I that my election was affected for e the purpose of preventing the Gov I, ernor's impeachment, it is a positive falsehood. ,I state emphatically that were I satisfied that no other I motive actuated those Vho sup ported me than that alleged by Y Judge Walker, I would not allow f another day to pass without tender- t I ing to the Senate my resignation as f Lieutenant Governor. I hold, si, - that I was elected to cement, if pos - sible, the broken ranks of the Re- i 1 publican party of Louisiana, and I not to prevent the impeachment of Henry C. Warmoth. I care but little whether Governor Warmoth 0 r be impeached before his term ex L pires; I care still less whether he is [ Governor hereafter, but I do care 3 for the success of the Republican party. I am willing at any time to be made the instrument of the a preservation of the Republican I party; I am prepared to occupy and assume the responsibilities and du ties of any office in which I can subserve the interests of my people, h my party and my State; but I am not willing now, nor will I ever be willing, to become the suppliant tool of Henry C. Warmoth, nor anybody else. If I had had the slightest suspicion that such were the motives that induced my elec tion, I would have indignantly re- o fusned to accept the position I occupy. You know, Mr. President [Mr. Bar bar], better perhaps than any other person, that I am not President of the Senate and Lieutenant Gov ernor by rvson of any desire on mypartto become so. You and I b as you well remember, debated at great length the question as to whether it would not be impolitic w for me to accept the position, and l you, with many other of our repre sentative men, urged me to do so. fe Judge Walker goes on to say that "he had no idea that his (Pinch- 0 back's) appointment was popular I among the colored people. They m would regard such a man as an un- pe worthy successor of Dunn, who so was justly esteemed by all classes c as an upright, dignified, intelligent ha negro, to whom Pinchback had w been opposed. Pinchback was not a ca representative man. His oppoint- to ment, so far from pleasing the ne- su groee, would be regarded by them co as an insmmult." Of course that would I Sprovoke a smile fom any intelligent p id man who is at all cognizant of the yy opinions of the colored people of li- the State. Judge Walker, Colector e. Casey, Mr. Packard and all of the d opponents of the Republican party e here, agree in according to Mr. rn Dunn the position of the foremost at negro in the State. If it be true i- that he was so (and I have no de sr sire to gainsay it,) does it not ap le pear exceedingly strange to sensible y men that, holding the exalted posi •d tion of Lieutenant Governor, he s could not force me to give way to )r him in the late election for United - States Senator ? Is it not aston st ishing that he did not defeat me in is the first election that took place 'e here after the war, when he ran on L- an independent ticket for the consti tutional convention ? Is it not sur o prising that every time we measured our political swords, I was the vic g tor ? I do not cite these facts for d the purpose of depreciating in any j; way the merits of Mr. Dunn, but for the purpose of showing that e Judge Walker, in his testimony, has had no regs-d fcr the truth. A n gentleman wb testifed before that 1 committee ir oe interest of his par ty, declared that the Democrats in I ,t the General Assembly had voted for e Mr. West as United States Senator k because they knew I would be , e elected if they did otherwise. That I e is the strongest kind of testimony, i it seems to me, of my representa- i 1 sentative capacity as a colored i man ; and yet Judge Walker ( has the Ardihood to go before I that committee and, in utter disre- I gard of truth, assert that I am not a representative man. I believe t every unprejudiced, reasonable man t will agree with me when I say that s thisgentleman has made these Ptate ments for th'e purpose of preventing c if possible my wielding any influ ence in the political affairs of the c State. In other words, he knows n that I am now inagurating a policy f that will ere long, if these blatant I demagogues are kept down, to make t the Republican party of Louisiana v a good solid unit; and he wants to I thwart me in that enaeavor. He t is afraid the Republican party may tl be brought together again and the 14 State saved to Republicanism. That li is what hurts the gentleman. He n also says that my character is in- ti famous, and I desire to inform the e Senate and the members of the n congressional committee in what ti my infamy consists. I am infamous d because I can not be frightened nor a coaxed to support the Democracy; is I am infamous because from the % day the constitutional convention t] met in this city I have championed sl the cause of the down-trodden col- w ored people. From that day to this sl I have not failed, whenever the op- a portunity presented itself, to cast h my vote and raise my voice in be- ii half of the class I represent. I have tc stood firm at my post of duty, and fi it was for that reason that Judge n Walker and others of the same I class characterized me as infamous. vi I venture to say that had I been one iz of those who were willing to sell d out the rights and interests of the s colored people and join in the effort o] to divide and destroy the Republican ti party of Louisiana, instead of the Times, Bee, and other sheets of the same character,aspersing my motives and villifying my character, I would be held up to thepublic gaze as one ' of the noblest of the black race, and the brightness of Mr. Dunn's fame would be pale before the shining al lustre of Pinchback's name. But i because, forsooth, I saw fit to stand fearlessly at my post; because I saw fit to advocate in season and out of season, the rights of the race I represent, I am a man of '"infa- al mopes character." Who would ex pect any other verdict from such a source ? The black people, I am confident, still trust in me. They s have never yet failed to give me ei what I asked. in the way of politi cal preferment ; I am well known m to them and they to me, and I feel m sure there is no unfavorable ac- in count to be balanced between u. If - I have failed to do my duty, the in people, the only earthly tribunal as ie before which I shall be arraigned, of will render their judgment against )r me. Whether my character be in ie famous, whether I am no longer y worthy of the confidence of the peo r. ple, will be decided in 1872, and un st til that final decision is rendered I te care not how much my character is aspersed by demagogues, for I know that a just and enlightened e people will sustain me. So far as i- my public duties are concerned. elI propose to perform them in o the future as I have in the past. I I do not intend to be frightened into the support of any measure; I D do not propose to be brow-beaten e into anything; I do not intend to i be influenced by any motives save those which should govern an hon - est, true man. While I do not I claim to possess all the honesty in - the State, yet I venture to say that r my character would appear as the r driven snow in comparison with the t character of those gentlemen who t have seen fit to traduce and defame me in their testimony before the committee. If any one think more t than another has caused these - gentlemen to oppose me it is the i fact that I have at all times endea r vored to exclude from the floor of r the Senate those lobbyists who have I corrupted the Legislature, if it has ' been corrupted. How often have I rose in my seat and asked that the 1 rules be enforced prohibiting those men from entering the Senate ' Chamber? How often have I asked the presiding officer to protect me from the importunities of men who were annoying me nearly to death I to get me to support their pet meas- I ures ? And yet these men have the a audacity to go before the con- f gressional committee and asperse my I character. If I have trespassed c upon the rights and privileges of r others; if I have been guilty of any a misdemeanor or malfeasance on of- c fice, there is a way to punish me. a Let these parties institute an inves- f tigation, and if I am found guilty I will bear the penalty without a mur mur. But until I am adjudged guil ty by a' competent tribunal, I ask that these malignant vilifiers be si lenced by the indignant voice of pub- a lic opinion. If these gentlemen b must vomit forth something in de traction of my character, let them ii confine themselves to the truth, and not attempt by groundless accusa tions, to cover up their own hideous h deformites. The time will come, and that soon, when I will be heard in self-defense by the people, and when that time does arrive these gen- a tlemen will doubtless be missing. I shall not fail then to tell the people a what I know about these men. I shall not attempt to cover up any of b my political or personal actions; I Is have done nothing that will not bear f investigation-nothing that I desire f to deny. Therefore, I can well af ford to meet these honorable gentle- d men before the people. I am sorry o0 I have been forced to occupy the d valuable time of the Senate in mak ing this personal explanation; but I deemed it my duty in justice to my self, to do so, as I will not have an opportunity of being heard before the congressional committee. DY noN. ICHUTLER COLrAX, Vice President of the United States. Few of as funlly realize how con- aL stantly and how potentially our c lives are infldnenced and even domi nated by our daily habits. Shake- qi speartaught us "how use doth breed o1 a habit in a man"; for the frequent b repetition of acts causes a tendency, t almost resistless, toward their reg- I alar recurrence, which haeased ed habit to be called a kind of second Ia nature growing up within us. Ob- ca servation, as well as personal experi- fa ence, teaches as that Paley was right when he mid: "Mankind act . more from habit than reflection, for I manisbut a bandle of habits" How important, then-how vital indeed a -that we should watch these habits a in those near to us, as well ua inaoe win - we do, that d, "what at first an infant's hand could at snap stiffen upon older limbs like n- gyves of iron"; or, as Cowper so er strongly expressed it: "Habite are soon amsmed ; but, when we strive I To strip them, 'tis being flayed alive.' My attention was directed toward d this subject by the request of an eminent divine that I would write an article for the Independent on a the habit of using Tobacco ; to L which I replied that it was scarcely fitting that so new a convert should assume the position of a lecturer to others on a habit abandoned only last spring. But I may say e on this particular point, without 1 even apparent inconsistency, that t every year's habit in that line makes it more difficult to surrender it even for health's sake. At first, as is well known, the system rejects it, as it rejects tartar emetic. Nature, whoever, finally surrenders the con test, and yields to its sway. It be comes a companion and a solace ; even more-a second nature, indeed. When, at last, prudence, or duty, or health, or example induce you to discontinue it, there comes another struggle, sharper than the first, and perhaps more doubtful. It is the 1 contest between habit, on one side, and will, on the other, with tempta tion and appetite giving constant aid and comfort to the former, while the latter must fight its battle alone, without such powerful allies C on its side. Bacon asserts that "habits, wisely formed, become truly a second nature, as the common saying is;" and, believing that those unwisely formed become the same, it may not be unprofitable to look at a few of the common everyday habits ofd mankind that are not wisely formed, and which we should seek to eradi cate from our lives, as the farmer seeks to eradicate the Canada thistle from his field. b h Drinking.--No man ever became C a drunkard, lived a drlndard's life, died a drunkard's death, and filled P a drundard's grave as a matter of q free choice. No one even became at an excessive drinker who did not begin by the habit of being a mod- . erate, a very moderate drinkcr. If t it were the habit of all not to tabe - the first step, and thus not become moderate drinkers, the unutterable It horrors and woe, the destitution and crime, which result from this master evil of intemperance would cease. Wives and children, friends and communities, would not mourn over loved ones thus dishonered N and lost. But it is the habit of drinking becoming the law of their being and of their daily life, the lack of resisting power resulting from this terrible thralldom, the fever of habitual temptetion and appetite, which causes that yearly death-march of sixty thousand of our people to the saddest of all deaths and the saddest of all graves, followed, as mourners, by half a million of worse than widowed wives and worse than orphaned children. Profanity.-Perpape no -offens against the laws of God and the laws of man is more directly trace able to habit than the vile impreca tions which so often, on the high way, shock and sadden the paseaer by. The brutal language addressed to brutes and beasts of burden, the attempted intensification of private conversation, even the profane lan guage so often used in schoolboy quarrels or the heated controversies of partisans, seems prompted more of by unwise and unrestrained habit than by actnal wickedness of heart. ast Year by year the habit grows, how- * ever, into a second nature; antil at last its victim finde it impossible to cast it of and it becomes the fruit ful parent of other evil habits. "We are not wor st anee, The courm s oevil begirn so slowly, A ind form such slight source, an infant's I hbnd 109 Could sem its ourse with elay. But let twr wream ow deeper, And philhsophy, aye, ami uuLioa, too, astriveia vaia to stem the headloag WI tounr." Ch Id RATES OF ADVERTISING. to Square 1mo 2 mos 3 nos 6 ma1 One $4 $7 9 19 30 Two 7 9 12 90 35 Three 9 12 20 356 , re Four 15 25 36 50 70 Five 20 35 45 60 5 Six /24 42 50 70 100 I olumn. 4 80 190 175 3 d Transient advursemsts 815$ per square rst tsetion; eash subsequent e insertion, 75 osts. All business aodts of advertisements to be charged twenty cents per line each 0 insertk. SJo Psarruso exeuented with neatness Sand dispatch. Wedding Carl executed in acoordamse r with prevaling tAhious. I Funeral Notias printed or shortest no ties and with quiackest dispatch. t B Circulars, Programmes, Genera t Bsiness Cards, Posters, etc., etc., guar anteed to give general satisfaction to all who may wish to secunre our services. PROFESSIONAL. JOHN B. HOWARD. LAW omrzsc, 26 St. Charles Street 16 New Orleans. Prompt attention given to eaw business in the several courts of the State. A. P. FIELDS & 1011T? DOLTON, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, No. 9 Comnereial Place, 2nd Floor, New Orleans. -0 ,a'Strict Attention to all Civil and Criminal business in the State and United States Court. J. E. Wallace, Attornezay at r'awv, 69 CANAL STEET, NEW ORLEANS, LA. jal8-ly. ar. W. SBlle, omcE 69 caNAL aT., NUa PoSTOFrcL. A graduate from the University of Coo n, Denmark, and honorary M. D. fm tle University of Padova, Italy; for several years assistant physician to the cele brated Prof. Ricord, Paris. DR. BILLE has acanired a high reputation as SPE CAIT for all kinds of Sexual diseases, male and female. Private diseases cured after a new, sure and quick method. Painful and Retained Menstruation quickly relieved. Perfect cure always warranted. Letters containing $5 and stamps will receive prompt attention. All consultations and communications strictly confidential. janlS-&m INX'iI;ANCE COMPANIES-BANKS. LOUISIANA MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANT ornCEr No. 120 ooxxoi arBEr. INSURES FIRE, MARINE AND IRIVER RISKS AND PATS LO.SSES IN New Orleans, New York, Liverpool London, Havre, Paris, or Bremen, at the option of the insured. CHARLES BRIGGS, President A CARRIERE, Vice-Presideat J. P. Roux. Secretary. THE FREEDIAgN'S SATINg -AND- TRUST COMPANY, Chartered by the United States Government, March, 186~ PrIoCIPAL OFFICE, WASHINGTO, D. 0. D. L. EATON....ActuarY.. BRANCH AT NEW ORLEANS, LA. 114 Caronadelet Street. C, D. TUETTEVANT, Cashbis. Bank Hours...........9L. I. to 3 r.g. Saturday Nights......... 6 to 8 o'cloek ClQAs MIAUACTnU. The ndei notifies the Public of the establihm~ent of a CIGAR MANUFACTOBY, at No. 129 Polymnia Street, near Dry ads treet, where orders will be thankfully reeived and promptly at tended to. O. B. BOUDEmZ, 8m New Orleans, Dec. 13, 187L CARPET WAREHOUSE. 17......cHARTE ES STREET...... A BBOUSEAU A CO., Imperters aM DealersatWholele and lBetal, off at low priome; CARPETING, FLoon OIL Cwr Osu~hi pa Ulbirr bt