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"REPUBLICAN AT ALL TIMES, AND UNDER ALL CIRCUMSTANCES."
OLITME't. NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1872. NUMBER 7i 1T.iars l ys vad SundI , ('.\RIO LET STRErET, MaF ()u .% LA. 71i: - 1'INCtIII. ACK, OLEEi.E , ,'I LNhIE. CADDO, ,., y Kl.EO). RAPIDEs. ji.m. BROW'N,--EdUtor. I.- T ' . r lt n ,a-JP l'rio N : _ ,., . ............. $5 00 ............ 3 00 t, TS' . ... .... 1 50 ... -5 UoF'd- THlL .- !,t:vor to establish another :...:, irnal in New Orleans, . t ".. of the Lorisushu , ::a necessity which har sm. . timtns painfully I":.. in the transition state : I', in thl ir strugglingefforts that position in the Body icht w4-e conecive to be their .- r'.,l.l that much infor ." gl:;uv'i t. ucouragemelt, S.1 r,-pro,,f have been lost, in '1", .: f the lack bf a medium, ... !ihih tLsI' o deficiencies might :. e shall strive to make :r -:,I+N. a rI dsider'tum in these POLICY. ir ttIo indicates, the Lorin Shall he " Republican at <as Stlerdrll circumgstncp.e" We S.i ..e the security and enjoy e1 tr,,alcivil liberty, the abso Si..itv ' mv-n bofkr" th~ law. r. , il.. : i-ribution of hon ' t., all who merit a-..: allaying animosities, of S.:. meinory of the bitter .r ,stinlg harmlony and ulion ..! I.:., and bhttween Iall in ,t, l -hi.ll advoc:te the removal :.1 .l isalilities , foster kind ,rh,.rnce, where walignity -:.,ut r.-igledl, and seek for '..,l justice where wrong and :. ,vailed. Thus united in .It ,I j.'ets. we shall conserve 'rts, elhvate our noble S..: i;able position among :.t,. h,y the development .-.:tatl. lt resul cct'e, and secure . : t;. f the mighty changes r ;r!1 c, onditiun of the ti. (' antry. i'cst :,:."r can he no truil . thi sl:rrnaCy ""f law. ' it. in til ue edisrii l e.'i( t i af justice. I ".. \T )IN. * 'pI, t ti,, e dc trine of anof ::-vn ,' f t.x.stionamoling I . t:tmhfl cletim of the -,':v withdl the exiguction of .:",r oiiui, ntry an d the s "vi.y (legtimate obligan .ru, t m anrly, independeng out of " o'' . t act est ablisha rinve S't:'+"vl trlJ existencem , a nd urge S:pon a iy the education of we . ..itally cnnechd with gtmnt, and thae seu 'i- rarly, independenT . upo a basis that i we POETRY. HERE. BT BOBE TERRT. When night comes brooding o'er me Like a prison's dreary cell, end its visions rise before me With a dread no speech may tell; Wein, alone with my only longing All the darkening spell of fear, I watt the sad stars thronging Till te beams of dawn appear; Then; Ith em. Pies ohnses, Come backthe old, old times- The dear .ld times, my darling, The living, bving times ! Unsleeping, iremember . The days tht all are gone, Like June dreans in December, Or flowers wlen Summer's done; The times that are never over, For.they live it heart sad brain, And, like kisses oom a leover, Tpeir spell comes back again. Likel4' g of magic rhymes, Return t dear old times The old old times, my darling, The living loving times ! This is my lone life's treasure, That none can take away- Remembrance without nii4ure Of every vanished day, Of love-light round me streaming Of tender lips and eyes; Awake I lie, yet dreaming, Nor sleep till day shall rise. Like a bee in blossomed limes. I live in those old times The times you know, my darling, The living, loving times ! Cold are the skies above me, The earth is wrapped in snow, And if still, as then, you love me. Ahw ! I cannot know Silhnce between us lying, More c'hill than winter's cold, And my heart like a baby crying For its mother's wonted hold. But I breathe the Sumn'er's lprime Remembering that old time, Though you forget it, darling. The living, loving time ! Amerlcan Crusaders. Grand Lodge of IWsulaippi. CI)NSTIT'UTION. Article I. Whereas, The consti tution ef our country, that sacred Maqnua (Clar(a, whereby the founders of the Ameriean Republic sought to protect and to rpretuate that form of government, which they left as a sacred heritage in trust for futrre generations, requires greater care from the citizens to protect it from illegal innovations ; and whereas, history teaches us that a Democra tic form of government requires great vigilance to protect it from the usurpations and innovatione of unscrupulous, fanatical or ambitious politicians and political factions or parties ; and whereas, great dili gence has not been duly exercised of late years, and discord and civil war swept over our land, and changes a:nd illnnovations incompatible with the spirit of liberty and the prin ciples of the Democracy have been made, or forced illegally in our form of government: Now, therefore, for the protection of our country against a recurrence of these evils, and to protect and to perpetuate a Demo cratic and truly Republican form of government in our land, we, whose names are hereunto alixed, do here by consitate ourselves an Order, or Brotherhood, to do and accomplish the objects herein mentioned. Art. II. The name of this Order, or Brotherhood, shall be " THE AMUCAm S CRmS.ADEgS," and who, be ing indoctrinated with the convic tion that "Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty," deem it their duty to exercise such upon all occasions, and while so doing we hold our selves firmly bound, in duty and in honor, to God, our country and our selves, to do all acts within our power that will tend to maintain, protect and perpetuate on the North Amercan Continent a Democratic or truly REuaBcIcN form of Gov ernment; to zealously watch those in otffice, under the people and to see to it that they perform their duties according to the spirit of the law; to discountunance, expose and pan ish all corruption in those in whom the people have put their trust; to form a more perfect meleus around which all the incongruoues political elements, opposed to imnovation, centralization, imperialism, or the unauthorized assumption of uncon suitutional power by bMies holders, may rally for the protection of their inalienable rights and liberties; to form a Band of Patriots-a Brother hood-who will at all times, and at all hazards, hold themselves in readiness to defend the liberties of the people, the Constitution of our country, and the rights of any one section of our land, against the un j- Or a9 aeonMe o ppr4 m o siaithue, In so doing we trust to become a power that can susoess fully struggle against the so-called Republican or Radical party, and the numerous secret political or ganizations, by whose constant plot tings, selfish ends are promoted, and the welfare of our people and country made but a secondary con sideration. Art. III. Welabor not only for the present eucesm of our. party, and the restoration of the true Demo cratic principles of government, but seek to establish, maintain and per. petuate our principles and form of government on the entire North American continent, and the islands belonging thereto. Art. IV. We hold that the right to govern the nation is inherent with the people, and can, by them only, be delegated to representatives whose duty is to faithfully abide by instructions given them to keep within the bounds of the Constitu tion of our countrf, and to zealous ly guard the liberties of the people from the encroachments of the unscrupulous and the ambitious, and ever to remember that the citi zens, and are held accountable for their acts to that popular sovereign ty. Art. V. The white or Caucasian race of man being the superior race, intellectually, morally and physi eally, and having achieved its great est distinctions in the past and pre sent ages under Democractic or Re publican forms of Government, we hold that these forms of govern ment are peculiarly adapted to pro mote the welfare and business of the white race. Art. VI. The inferior races of man,never having flourished or risen to distinction, save under some form of government administered by might or by the arrogant as suml)tion called the "Divine Right," and having sunk into barbarism, whenever in imitation of the white race, they established a Democratic form of government ; we view with distrust all schemes tending to -hre the "Popular Sovereignity" with, or to give political power in our country, to each or any of the inferior races of man, firmly be lieving that by this inability to gov ern themselves, they are unfitted to be entrusted with the sacred rights of liberty, which they construe into license, apd ungovernable indul gence. Art. VII. To share the "Popular Sovereignty" with or to give politi cal power to any of the inferior races, would endanger our inalien able rights and liberties, by throw ing us into anarchy and leaving us a prey to innovations, centraliza tions, absolutism or imperialism. Art. VIII. The founders of this Republic having acted upon these convictions, refused to share the right to govern with the inferior races. Under the administration of the white race, our country rose with a rapidity unparalleled in the history of nations, from a few feeble colonies t a position in the front ranks of the nations of the earth. These convictions of our fore-fathers having been tried and found de sirable and necessary, we will abide by them through all future genera tions. Art. IX. We hold it our duty to strictly inquire into all violations of our constitutional rights, and to, punish the same; to inquire into the legality of alterations that ha been, are now being, or shall in the futnure be made or attached to the Consti tution of our country, and to permit nothingto rand that is notin aso (ordance with the principles of our Fared Mnae Carla. Art. X. OurOrder shall not be used merely for political campaign purposes, or any temporary pur pomse whatever; but it shall be per petnal in its main object-to teach the msesam the purest principles of true Democracy. Art. XL This Constitution, and the ritual of our Order, being a de claration of our political belief, and the basis upon which the super structure of out government is ereeted, can never be altered or amended in spirit, but like our Order is to be PERPETUAL. The Sale of Irm to France. Mr. Sumner has spread a new cloud over the Administration sky, by moving for a select committee to investigate some scandalous charges against the War Department, in the matter of the sale of Government arms and ammunition totheFrench during the late war. The charges have been brought to light by the recent investigations of the French National Assembly into the traneao tions of Mr. Place, the French con sul at this port during the war. It appears that the Messrs. Reming ton, the noted rifle manufacturers, were employed to furnish arms to the French, and after selling all they had on hand themselves, tried to purchase from the War Department, which declined to sell them, snow ing them to be acting for the French, and also declined to sell to one Squire, knowing him to be their agent. But they got over this diffi culty by putting forward a Mr. Richardson, their lawyer, with whom the War Department dealt freely, not only selling him 40,000 altered SpringfielJ rifles, but setting the Government cartridge factory to work to make cartridges for him. These facts Squire communicated in high glee in as 6flaial latter to the President of the Armament Com mittee at Tours, in December, 1870, in which he said "they had the strongest influences working for them, which will use all their efforts to succeed." But this is not all, nor the worst. It appeared from the report of the Secretary of War last year, that the receipts from the sales of ordinance stores in 1870 amounted to $10,000,000 ; but it appeared from the report of the Treasury for the same year that he only received from this source $8,286,131 70, leaving a difference of over $1,700,000, which Mr. Sumner wishes to have accounted for. It appears, moreover, that the French Government paid for these arms and ammunition $11,000,000 gold, or, at the then rate of exchange, $14,000,000 in currency. There is, here, then, a differ( °e of $4,000,000 and the French Government asks our Government very plainly to find out who got it.-Nation. A traveler was once making a pedestrain tour of the Al)ps, when suddenly, in a narrow path, he came face to face with a large brown bear. He drew a revolver and was about to fire, when, to his amazement, the bear cried out, "Don't fire!" It turned out that the pretended bear was a man employed by some guides, who sent him out dressed in a bear-skin when they had a timid traveler to escort. At a preconcer ted spot the bear would rush upon them;and when put to flight by the exertions of the guides, the traveler never failed to reward theircourage and devotionby a handsome pre sent, of which the bear received a liberal share. It is to wine drinking we owe the origin of the kiss. After Msecenas caught his wife sucking his finest wines through the bung hole of a barrel with a straw, the custom became general in Rome for the husbands to kiss the lipe of their wives, that they might dis cover the quality of their good ladies, stolen libations, and Cato, the elder, recommends this plan to the serions attention of all careful hals of families I.FUilIRI11 J 1) TEr LTIM lICK. "Unhappy the kingdom that is governed by a woman or a child!" was a political apophthegm of an tiquity. Unhappy the country, we may may, the stability of whose gov ernment depends on the life of an old man; and not only on his life, but on his caprice. The ancient apophthegm had its origin in times when there wee no limin to the power of the sovereign, and before the invention of constitutional guarantees. A nation was, there fore, unhappy when its reins fell into feeble hands, not strong enough to guide it among the rocks and precipices of domestic and foreign violence. In Europe, as soon as the populations began to emerge from mediaeval darkness into the twilight of modern civilization, they discerned the necessity of guarding the one-man power by some devices which should secare them in some measure from sudden changes by death or caprice. Thus the heredi tary principle came to be established, and royal families created, so that there should be no question as to whom the sovereign power belonged, and there should be no civil wars of suceesion. The necessity of having the national power in the hand of one man was assumed as a natural and inevitable one. The throne erected, and the successor to it pro vided for and hedged about with the superstition of divine right and guarded by the sen timent of loyalty, it became neces sary to set up some bulwarks against the excesses of the sovereigns and for the protection of the sub jects against them. Thus the feudal system came into being, and the heritable jurisdictions of the great lords, who, though oppressive enough toward the common people, in the earlier times scarcely above the condition of ehattel siaesa, still stood, in a meusare, between them and the sovereign. And, later, in tne quarrels between the king and the great lords, the common people gradually grew into a power, from which both contending parties, al ternately or together hoped for as sistance. The free cities arose out of this condition of things, and there were planted and cherished the first germs of modern constitu tional governments. Thus, by slowest degrees, the political ideas which seem to us as the tritest axioms were developed in the modern mind--of the checks and balances of a single executive and of two houses of legislation, one either hereditary constituepey from the other, more directly de rived from the people ; and, above all, courts of justice, removed from ali political influences. We might almost say that this development has thus taken place in the Teutonic nations ; for the Latin races are yet in the process of education, and the results, on the whole, have not been satisfactory thus far. In England, notably, and in this conn try by inheritance from her, the ideas of a government which con tains within itaself the power of peace ful alteration in its forms have "broadened down from precelent to precedent" to their present estate. The northern nations of Europe, the German Empire and its constit aent states, and Austria, largely Germanized as she is, seem to take kindly and naturally to constitution al government. Spain and herSouth American children are, at best, struggling toward such a state of things, and are far enough as yet from having reached it. Italy overwhelmed with debt, and with revolution always muttering under the eaves of her palace-is only on trial yet. France, certainly, cannot be regarded as an example of con stitutional success, with all her changes of government, which were too many even in the days of Tal leyrand to be counted. And yet shehad as fair a start intheold daysas England herselL The States Geeral, the Amemblies of the Not alms, and the Provincial Parlia msmb furauibd d qaitas powerfual enginery for the control of the sor erign a the English Parliamedt could apply, down to the time of Louis XIII. And there was a time when it seemed as if Protestantism was qmte as likely to prevail against Catholicism in France as in Eng land. All these struggles of pro teses, however, yielded slowly to the gradual aggrandizement of the royal ] function, through the humiliation of the nobles, began by the policy of I Charles XII-theaee called the Wise!--and of Louis XI, carried or by the astute villainy of Richelieu and Eazarin, and completed by the resolute will of Louis XIV, acting on a state of affairs and of opinions thus prepared to his hand. Thus the French nation has grown up and been educated for centuries into a sense of dependence on some one man-king, consul, emperor, or president; and what it wants now is, the man for the hour. Mr. Thiers answers for a transi tional moment, and as long as he lives and retains his place there is a feeling of the relief which arises from the putting off of an evil day. France is in the condition of a ship driven of the winds and tossed, with only one man capable of holding the helm, and he past the appointed years of human life. The crew were in consternation when, in a pet, he left the wheel, and threatened to leave the ship of state to the mercy of the winds and waves of faction and anarchy. A republic cannot be made by resolution, or the ingrained habits of a nation worked out of it by the adoption of a constitution. Republics alid monarchies are not made, they grow; and the first con dition of a republic is that there should be republicans, as it is of a monarchy that there should be will ing subjects. Self-control is the essential element of a free govern ment; and this is a :uality which is developed in an in lividual only by careful edecation, a'd in a nation by institutions which have formed its character through generations. It is this which makes the American people capable of govern:ing them selves. When a question has been submitted to a vote, and it i'; decid ed by ever so small a majority. one way or the other, the minority sub mits without resistance, and waits for another trial. This is what seems impossible to the Latin races, and notably to the French. Their idea of a republic seems to be that it is the right of the minority to un seat the majority by any means, and get into the saddle themselves. No institutions since the downfall of the old monarchy have lasted long enough to incorporate them selves with the life of the nation. The recent demonstrations at Ver sailles are proof of this truth. What the French need is, a Man, for they cannot get along withbut one, as we have often made a shift to do ; and the whole course of their history for the past eighty years has been cal culated-we might almost say has been directed-to hinder one from being made. It is this which ere ates the danger of Bonaparte's being recalled, impossible as such disgrace seemed so lately. We trust the world may be spared this dis graceful example ; but, Bonaparte, or Orleans, or MacMahon, the Re public of France, if it retain the name, will be the virtaal autocracy of one man for years to come. The greatest blessing he can confer on his people will be to teach them how to do without him.--lndepend Sent. Show us the family where good music is cultivated, where the ,parents and children are accuas tomed to mingle their voices often together in song, and we will show yon one, in almost every instance, where peace, harmony and love pre- I vail, and where the great vices have no abiding-placs. -Doctors generally agree about bleeding their patients. -Any fool can make a woman talk, but it's rather bhard to make I on liats. BATES OF ADVERTISING. Squares 1 12 mos 3 mss mos 1 yr One $4 $7 9 $12 j Two 7 9 19 So0 I Three 9 19 90 35 5t0 Four 15 25 35 50 7o Six 24 42 50 70 100 1 Column. 45 80 120 175 9500 Transient advertisements, $1 505 quare Sat i#artionm; rah 4n ai t inesertion, 7 t enth. All basines cese* adervtsemets to be eharged twenty mak lies eah Jon Panras executed with neatees and dispatch. Wedding Cards executed in acoordea with prevaling shions. Funeral Notices printed on shortest no tice and with quickest dispatch. SCOirculars, Programmes, Genera Business Cards, Posters, etc., etc., guar anteed to give general eatisfaetion to all who may wish to secure our servioes. PROFESSIONAL. JOHN B. HOWARD. LaW orrFcC, 26 St. Charles Street 26 New Orleans. Prompt attention given to civ business in the several courts of the State. " A. P. FIELDS & 10BERT 80LTON, A'1TORNEY8 AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW, No. 9 Commercial Place, 2nd Floor, New orleans. --o- *'WStrict Attention to all Civil and Criminal business in the State and United States Court. J. E. Wallace, ..gttorzzeoy at Zeaw, 69 CANAL STEET, NEW ORLEANS, LA. jal8-1y. orrczE 69 caxN er., NEAn PosrOIrrz. A graduate from the University of Coo penhagen. Denmark, and honorary M. D. from the University of Padova, Italy; for several years assisant physician to the ee brated Pro icord, Paris. DR. BILL has acquired a high reputation as SPE CIALIST for all kmnds of exual diseases, male and female. Private diseases cured after a new, sure and quick method. Painful and Retained Menstruation quic!dkly relieved. Perfect cure always warranted. Letters containimng $5 and stamps will receive prompt attention. All consultations and communications strictly confidential janlS-6m INSURANCA COMPANIES--BA_\KS. LOUISIANA MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY orricE, No. 120 comox sB rnmr. INSURES FIRE, MARINE AND RIVER RISKS AND PATS LOSU IN New Orleans, New York, Liverpool London, Havre, Paris, or Bremen, at the option of the insured. CHARLES BRIGGS, President. a CARRIERE, Vice-President. J. P. Roux, Secretary. FEE FREEDI3A'S SAIINI -AN+D TRUST COMPANY, Chartered by the United States Governmet, March, PRINCIPAL OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D. 0. D. L. EATON ....Actuary. BRANCH AT N'EW ORLEANS, LA. 114 Carondelet Street C, D. RSTURTEVANT, Cashier. Bank Hours............9A. n.to3 ..a Saturday Nights........ 6 to 8 o'clock C1AR ANUFACTSRT. The andersinned notifies the Publio of the establishment of a CIGAR MANUFACTORY, at No. 129 Polymnia Street, near Dry ades Street, where orders will be thankfully received and promptly at tended to. O. B. BOUDEZ, 3m New Orleans, De. 13, 187L . CARPET WAREHOUSE. 17......CHABTRES STREET...... 17 ABROUSSEAU k CO., lImpertes and Dealersat Wholesale and Retail. od4 at low praces ; CarPEnOG, FlAoR OIL CL&rT, Curtin and Upbsbwud Vatubli Cu sl Ieai less, set