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I would rothor Have the good will and aid of a nawapapaf
with a circulation of 30.000 that lo taken homo and read In tlio family, than to Hava that of ona with a circulation of a million that la only looked at and thrown Into tho gutter.— MAYOR CAVNOR. OF NEW YORK. VpUTLA WS WERE BUST REMOVING lUNPOI ULAR OFF! Cl AES LAST WEEK It develop! that the conviction and »entence of Floyd Allen in Carroll Etaty. Virginia, immediately following which the judge of the court, the attorney and the sheriff were shot to death, were merely in- j PHflenta biinging to a climax a long standing grudge held by the outlaw >fand of mountaineers against the police and the courts of that section, a- The real grievance of the outlaws was shown in an interview with one fijf the band while the blood-stained court room was still filled with smoke j from the barrels of revolvers and rifles, and as the assassins on their horses sped to hiding places back in the mountains. A man has as much right to ma ke whisky out of the corn he grows Mhe has to make meal out of that same corn. These sheriffs and judges j cause a man more trouble than a prison full of thieves. Our children are founded and our homes made unhxp py. The only way to get justice is , to go after it yourself. \ opposed to the illegal means of livilihood of these men had been I Invoked against them. Law-enforcing officials, in the face of threats and brandished g^ino.: lmd brought them to book, and became marked targets for the outlaws bullets. The uprising in the little court room, the outcome of which has been the death of five, was the mountaineer way; the killing of the judge, the prosecuting attorney and the sheriff was the outlaw way of removing iftftcers they disliked—officers who understood the law and understood it j to be their duty to enforce it. The mountaineer of the Alleghanies is only a point removed in in tellect and education from the Negro of the South. There are among them those so ignorant that they are unable to tell the time of day. A mountaineer serving as a guide for a party of hunters, in Virginia, was invited to the table with them, and made his boasts upon returning to hia kind, that he had been -eating with white people.*' t This remark goes to show his own understanding of his station. The story from Carroll county strikes us at once as awful. It seems unbelievable that in this day and age of civilization and BLiftt-i advancement, the officers of any court of law should be compelled to take their lives in their hands in dispensing justice. Carroll county will some day, however, become enlightened and her Wild men of the mountains educated up to the point of protecting the bus iness of their illegal stills from conscientious officers, in the polite and re- i toad* way—bloodless, though just as anarchistic, and just as certain of dtoired results. I While pistols were cracking and court officers were falling dead at tiieir stations in Carroll county, Virginia, Dr. Harvey W. Wiley, another government official, was writing his resignation as chief of the chemistry tareau in Washington. If the killing of the court officers down in the Alleghanies was bfiwnrdly, the attacks made upon this government officer—attacks one after another until his public responsibility became unbearable—were more so. In Dr. Wiley interests as unlawful as those in this moonshiner dis tjict in Virginia found an official whom they could neither bribe, frighten nor bluff, so they did the next best thing and set out to get his political band, and got it. Down in Virginia the band of outlaws removed undesirable officials II iL A ...... M _ 4L a a Aiti la\i;a i, Wlttl IM WfftpOnß InHl OuitHws use* These interests that went after Wiley used the weapons that all per nicious interests use—lies, kicks and abuse in newspapers subsidized Ibrough the liberal use of their advertising columns, sold to poisoners for ao much per inch for the purpose of exploiting and drugging the public. This is the polite and refined and civilized way of doing away with earnest public officials. Gifford Pinchot was another victim of this way. So was Glavis and so was young Kirby, the stenographer in Ballinger s office. By the way, do you recall how long Ballinger stud: ? The situation was just the reverse in that case. Unlawful interests WANTED Ballinger, and they kept him in his job until he could be exonerated, and then permitted him to retire as a favor to the administration. One thing was lacking to make the Virginia court tragedy more like the one in Washington in which Dr. Wiley was the victim. The associates of the judge should not have fallen from bullets, but Should have been found, pistols in hand, firing with the outlaws at the official on the bench doing his duty as he saw it. That has been the situation in the department of agriculture. The associates of Wiley have been the first and foremost supporters of his enemies in their attempts first to have Wiley ousted and. failing, next to make things so unpleasant for him that he would be glad to quit. And Taft keeps that kind of public servants on the job. How Presidents Are Chosen What kind of a spectacle is It, when , - i)resident whom his friends say ad miringly is “no politiclan. ,, holds ui> certain local appointments, already made, until he can make sure that th* recipients will pay for their Jobs wiai help toward the president s renomt natlon? Why was Congressman Mc- Kinley selected to manage the presi dent's campaign? Was It because Mr. McKinley is the distributor of pie to cs&grMlßisD and therefore <an u* side tor many of them whether they ►-•hall serve another term or not? Adolf Is Surprised to Discover Just How Awful He Is Imposed Unon By Condo There are few congressmen who are wholly regardless of individual con sequences, like William Kent. Mr. McKinley's power to take away their campaign funds is a mighty club over many of them. You, readers, can Uo something to thwart this attempt of the administration to whip your con gressman into line, regardless of his convictions or your own, by the ter rifying use* of plunder. You can write to him. telling him whom the peoplo at home really want nominated Liv ing in Washington, your congressman gets out of touch with you. He reads New York and Washington papers, and feeds on the gossip of a little ring. Go for him. Stir him up. Tell him what tho folks really want. — Collier’s. Editorial Page of The Detroit Times IN THE CAVE OF THE FORTY COAL OWNERS Vn.UnJ SO *«r cont of tlie coal min# owner# agreed to « minimum *aw scale. The othar 40 per cent, planning, it is charged, to reap panic profit* from .* gieiu strike, iefu##d. ana the miners struck. The cartoon !■ from the London John Bull. > ■II i j COAL ' l Hi ’ 1- --■!ii!jf j, fpoft mi OP * ****** Slit r.UHLY fUftlHi itbr (oal Ktasn “Well, »»«ee more vor dear old toast—-Here's to tlw Interests ml the ■ ero— coinotoolty mad Sons with Us—»» —rapacious miners “ From Another Point of View However, the arctic explorer who Is fond of cogs Is not without a bite to eat. • • • • Ten carloads of crackers are consumed in New' York in a single day; a taste that might be classed as distinctly metropollyion. • • • • The pawnbroking business is said to have originated in Italy in 1402. Wonder if the fellow who pawned it, whatever It was, has got it out yet? % m • • Roosevelt is going to do the most of his speaking during a week's trip from the platform of the rear coach, so no town need be surprised to find the train coming in backing up. Spring Calendar Cultivate Your Children's Observa tions of Nature. Everyone, old and young, rejoices over the returning springtime. Now mere than at any other season or the year, we are conscious of nature's beauties; the budding trees, the early (lowers and the spring birds, all are especially welcome after the barren winter months. This is a good time tn call the children's attention definitely to cer tuln birds and flowers. If they can write, they will enjoy keeping a journal or calendar during the spring months. In which they regard "the signs of spring'* as they appear. This will prove a groat Incentive to observation, especially when there is more than one child in a family to join in the game of discovering at the earliest possible date the arrival of a particular bird or flower No mere book study of nuture can make up for this observation at first baud. The children’s observations, however, must be verified and sup plemented by an older person who knows, or by books. We do not wish to encourage a child merely to jump at conclusions without finding out whether or not he is correct. Then, too, although identi fication of plants and birds is one step In the right direction, there are many interesting facts about familiar species which the child cannot find out for himself. Here are a few' extracts from a “spring calendar” kept by a child. The dates of course would vary In different localities: “SIGNS OF SPRING ’ ‘ March 2 —Some lilac buds are put out in Herbert's garden -March 18.—I thought I heard a song sparrow today. -March 25.—Some maple trees are in blossom. "March 26 —I saw some earth worms today. -March 29. —We went out to the garden and found a snow drop in bloom. "April 12. — Isaw T a robin. An elm tree is in bloom. I saw some daffo dils. My brother found some frogs’ eggs in a pond. “April 11.—The buds of the horse ch« stnuts are bursting. I have all inds of spring flowers; they are aenetnene, hepatica, adder's tongue, pyxie and spring beauty." If the child can draw or paint some of the flowers these pictures will add to the interest of his calendar. Courts. Strange and upsetting Is the ex perience of watching Mr. Wlckershaui iu his endeavors to comprehend the larger movements of our day. He needlessly hurts the administration by hU aggressive jauntiness wherever a popular movement is concerned. Says he: “There has been much nonsense talked of late about the so-called usur pation of power by the federal judi ciary In pronouncing laws of state legislatures or of congress uncoLati tutlonal and therefore void. “Even more insensate is the clamor against the courts for interpreting statutes In the light of their under standing as educated men learned m the law." Alas, Mr. Taft, if you had only sur rounded yourself with the able*: among those who care about the suf ferlng many, and who understand tho wicked blindness of our syste’i, you might have been high up in the honor roll of our presidents. Most judges are honest, but many, many judges are fundamentally more stupid to big things than the man in the street, and by usurping power over the peo ple’s representatives In the legisla tures, and by killing justice with tech nique, they have been the citadel or special privilege, and no ranting against mob rule will long hold hack a change. Those who do not believe the Judges have seized a power never granted to them are advised to read an article by L. B. Boudin on “Gov ernment by Judiciary” In the Politi cal Science Quarterly" for last Jiuie. Also may be recommended "The Great Usurpation," by William Trick hi, published In pamphlet form by the Nlxon-Jones Printing company of 9t. Louis. "It Is growing Increasingly difficult," said Woodrow Wlls>r, speaking in Kentucky last July,/"to supply the bench with disinterested, unspoiled lawyers, capable of being the free Instruments of society." Free, he meant, from Inadequate habits of inlnd and narrow associations, which make them incapable of being, to use his words again, “the Interpreters of the common life of the people." The ablest exposition of the absolutely necessary powers of the courts, in lu te: preting constitutions and laws, re mains the famous paper No. 78, con tributed to the "Federalist" by Alex ander Hamilton. The best treatment I of the desirable limitations of judicial Interference is to be found in the writ ings of the late Professor Thayer.— Colli eris. Remain In Michigan Br fct.WV* t». UttttKV, «a fWe Hat took. Just a hint for Michigan —Some-, thing like 80 commercial clubs of the I Pacific northwest slat* * have united In a general organization, the chief object of which Is to promote agri cultural development of the ' logged off ' lands of that section They will succeed too —they always succeed out there in promoting Imtnl- , g rat ion at the psychological moment , E. G. It is not generally known per haps, that even at this late date in Pacific coast progress, most of their \ booming Is done on outside money. There are scores of towns having banks, newspapers, waterworks, light ing systems and well-houses “com mercial clubs." which have been built and are yet largely supported, by the Immigration pot. “Times are always poor" and busi ness dull out there, when the “West ward Ho” of the eastern tenderfoot falls to a whisper or even below a shout. After all the wonderful develop ment of more than SO years, there ii hardly ever work enough for the peo ple already there, and yet at every strawberry picking and wheut harves* they hoist tho stereotyped Macedon ian distress signal In a half score translations. This keeps wages at a satisfactory minimum and always brings a bunch with a roll of long green as well as those with a roll of blankets. By the way, the long green helps pay the freight and tb** rolls of blank ets will eventually be unravelled on the sage bush, or left behind a bar fo.' ( the price of nerve for another 10 miles tramp “nearer home." General authentic reports Indicat# that “poor times" and “dull bcslneas" are now epidemic In the great north west, and the Macedonian whoop was : never louder —the railroads and com mercial clubs preparing for an unusu ally strenuous campaign for recruit* Michigan will furnish her full quota no doubt; and la the meantime tho*e here who ought to be busy on the problem of our own "logged off lands." are playing tommy to Os* horn's rot or tossing pennies on. Taft and the Oyster Bay freak. I’ve walked and driven for days through the famous fossil bed of the John Day and other western section*; but the fossil bed* nf Michigan, foe antiquity and complete fosaillxation have all those skinned from Denver to the mouth of the Deschutes. It would pay this state 100 per cent per annum to go outside Into some live section and hire barkers and spielers to come in here and prophesy to the dry bones and withered sinew? of our decadency and inertia. For instance—Every Pacific coast newspaper Is a phonograph always cranked for & new song and dance on the stupendous opportunities in the “golden west." Per contra —You read Michigan pa pers from year's end to land's End and rarely see a line that by the most fertile Imagination could be called a good real estate add for this state. There are a few holders or owners of large tracts, with offices In Chicago who are on the Job —nearly always in Chicago paper*; but your o»u paper* u.oßtly carry the Florida. Texas, Call fornla and Canadian aerial*. I know many a i«>»n in U*e *wt count »tar.*s. born since a thousand similar Michigan town* in size be-; came elite*. The former ate growing -on golden egg* fed In silver spoon* by eastern restlessnese. The Michl-i Ran UomaaJ towns or thfrenboots lit quo or worse There are several county seat clue* north of Saginaw bay That haven't done a lb k In ten years, but In that ten years much Michigan money har been used to build and support towns of the same site in other sections where the productive income in the ten vears wouldn't pay their expend for one year—kept up almost ao'ely by eastern money, contributed by live ones who like to see motion and go away from home to get it There Is nothing in Hod's world or any other that "ails' losco, Alcona. Arenac. Roscommon. Ogemaw, mid ! many other Michigan counties, but j downright laziness of the Michigan i Arkansas type - . ! little aud cares less about such a sit uation —for ha* it not the automobile industry, a million summer tourists, and a D U. R problem’ Yea ver ily In the meantime that semiannual hand uie-down $33 rate westward will i soon pull out of Michigan 1.090 m« n ! with an average of ssoo each which : will be taken into the northwestern hard times belt to relieve the strln I geney and pay the expense of another lot of boom literature fir ue«t year. P. jt.—l’ve read two or three time* of some sort of an association fo< u*•••'. around Saginaw Bay, that was formed to boom the North Michigan oppor tunity, but after careful sleuthing for several months I cannot aa< ertatn even the names of It* officers tior find one of its booklets. Who'll put me next? Singularities in the Port Nolloth district. South Africa. 1* the ira* mouse area occupied by a handful of thriftless Hottentots, some 6.'» famt lies, or 400 members ail told. So thriftless are they, one reads, that often as not they eat up the seed wheat supplied to them by the gov ernment in seasons of scarcity in stead of sowing It. The natural springs at their doors are not utiliz ed. but neglected, and so a more in dustrious and energetic face of men is shut out ahd debarred front doing jus'ice to the land. When one kills a sheep or goat all the others flock around to help him eat it. and this applies to all foodstuffs Graham county, Arizona, has a jail cut out of the side of a hill of solid rock. The loophole* * for ventilation were opened by blasts. There is no way of escape from the prison except bv the door at the front. Monday, March 18, 1912 About How Seeds and Stalks Multiply /• 1 . "" 1 M Phlllipari, professor of botany, in 1843, cultivated at Versailles near Paris. Fiance, successfully 372 vari eties, from combination* of the fol lowing standards: Five mum kinds, one Kgyptian, two spelter wheat, three Polish wheat, four single grain w heat, five commou bearded wheat, three generul kinds, hard, soft and Polish ordinary M. Ixniloiigcliainpa reported that be counted four hundred nnd fifty grams from one seed, and that he also saw one hundred atul fifty-two stalks com ing from one grain. Mr. Shaw of st. I-ouls. received once from a governor of un Algerian province a pluut of eighty stalks, ami incut ionj one of one hundred aud twenty stalks |n possession of a pasha of Hgypt. Sir Humphrey Davis, mentions one of one huudred and thirty stalks. I inhumed speuks of two seeds each that produced one hundred aud (oily >talks and six thousand grains. Ai Keriwon, near Hrest. Frame, is 1817. one hundred and fifty-five ear* from one root were rei»orted. * D'Albert. chief gardener of Isiuii Phlllnne <lßflo-l84H» re|iorta of a plant near Matties of fifty-two years, with two thousand two huudred and forty gr.'Hns. The Chinese, by planting alngie seeds, frequently obtain tweuty to thirty ears from one seed. Charles Miller of the Botanical Hardens at Cambridge. KugUnd. tn June, 1776. selected a grain ready to brant h out, pulled It up and August k divided It into eighteen parts. Km*-, was carefully replanted, which sprout ed again, and in September wer# dl v op'd and replanted, making seventy six separate plants, which went through the winter and were redivid ed during March and April and gave in all five hundred plants, from which rente 7 i.iup ears, producing forty seven pounds nnd s hslf of grain, of. Just think of It, 4.7**8 ?MM» seed* f Hir William Bymonds of Hampshire. England. brruight a fear grains from Th<*be*. Egypt. which in-ott have neen | about three tiiousalld five hundred venr* s»iii the mummy from which thev were taken in ble presence. OX* m>««I only was planted and it produt ed fifteen stems, with more than one thousand six hundred grain* -The , Narrator. Waa Not Hiring Any General* ITobabi> iu no military organiza tion that ever existed were there aura <ordlul relations between officers and private soldiers as tn the Confeder ate army. This was due, doubtless to the fact that tn our ranks there were lawyers, teachers, bankers, met <hant*. planters, college profeeje»r* and students who afterwards became chief Justices, governors sod occu pants, of the highest public stations. Hlnce the war some of theee pci vate* have told with great relish of iiid tanner near Appomattox who decided to give employment, after the surrender, to any of Lee's veterans who might wish to w<»rh a few days for rood and small wages He div.ded the Confederate employee into squads according to the respective rank* held by th- m In the army. He was uneducated, but entirely loyal to the southern cause. A neighbor Inquired i.( him as to the different squads \\ ho are those men working over i here?" "Them is private*, air. of Ime'a urruy." "Well, how do they work?" “Very line. "If; first rate workers ” "Who are thoee In the second gr<* :p?” "Them 1* lieutenants and captains, and they works fairly well, but not aa g<x»d workers as the privates.” "I see vou have a third squad, who •ore they?* "Them ta colonels.** "Weil, what about the colonel** flow do they workt" "Now. neighbor, you'll never bear me say a word about any men who fit tn the southern nrmy: hut I mint ii Kwin* to h!r* no itntfil* Ocii. i John B Oordon's *'lU«ntnlacence# of i the Civil War " Editorials by the People. The Timee in the Forefront. To the Editor of The Timet: I heartily congratulate you on giv ing to the public the cleanest and most wholesome dally I have ever seen. As I seo it The Times' posi tion on the great moral, social and political questions of the state and nation is very commendable. It Is in the forefront of moral and social progress. I/ong live The Times and lta capable editor. W J. CAIN. Port Huron, March 18, 1912.