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Tha |mt role* of America does not come from the
•aat* of learning U comet In a murmur from the hllle and woods and tha farms and factories and the mills, rolling on and gaining volume until It comes to us from Ilia homes of oommuu men.—Woodrow Wilson. ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF HOW YOU GET IT IN THE NECK IN LANSING The power of the state railroad commission, it aeems. is most un fortunately limited when it comes to a matter, say. of the subscribers side in a merger of competing telephone lines. It aeems the commission has just power enough to grant the merger, and beyond that point it as useless as a hot flat-iron without a handle. The independent telephone companies of the state, including the Home company of Detroit, have been swallowed up by the Bell. The Home company, you will tecall, came to us asking consent to tear up our new pavements, close our streets and alleys for weeks at a time and to damage and inconvenience us quite generally, on the ground that it would supply competition with the Bell, at that time enjoying a monopoly. We were being soaked good and plenty by the Bell for phone service. And the service we were getting was punk. * So we extended the glad hand to the Home company and established the connection. The Home began operations, and while the Bell *rates didn t come down, they didn't go higher and that gave us something to be thankful for. Home phones were cheaper than the Bell, and Bell phones were sup planted by the Home in many instances. Detroit's experience has been the experience of many a Michigan city. Now the usual thing has happened and the competing companies have been swallowed, leaving the state in the hands of a monopoly company. We are unable to give you all the reasons the corporation lawyers advanced before the railroad commission for the merger, but we can tell you the REAL reason, and it wasn’t mentioned by the lawyeis. either. The leason for the merger is the desire of the Bell company to get back subscribers it has lost under competition and to charge them a monopoly rate after the expiration of their present contracts; to swell the Bell dividends and increase the value of Bell stock. When the effect of the merger upon many thousands of users of in dependent phones the state over, in the absorbtion of subsidary lines to the Home, is considered, this is some reason on the part of the Bell company. FACING WHICH OUTCOME OF THE MERGER. THE PRESENT USERS OF INDEPENDENT PHONES IN DETROIT AND OVER THE STATE ARE HELPLESS. Helpless, because when the law of the state defining the province of the railroad commission in the matter of the merger was taken down, it was found that the commission could grant WHAT THE CORPORATION INVOLVED ASKED, but had NO AUTHORITY to grant the demands of the telephone users that they be protected by the terms of the permit against higher excessive rates and poorer service than now'. This is the way the commission breaks the news: The belief seem* to be entertained by many that the cure for all present and possible future ills should be accomplished before the mer ger be permitted, but the public are reminded that the statutes pre scribe the limit of the commission's power. There is food for thought on the part of the people of Michigan in this * quotation. It is not'the independent phone subscriber alone that the lesson con tained is for. THE STATUTES PRESCRIBE THE LIMIT OF THE COMMISSION S POWER! Let that soak in. WHY? Because while the legislature was engaged in drawing up this law the telephone companies had representatives on the ground in Lansing to see that the thing was done right from the standpoint of the telephone com panies. The representatives of the phone companies, loyal to the faith of their employers, looked ahead to this merger and provided for it and pro vided for their employers by restricting the power of the commission be yond doing that which the phone companies would ask to have done. The TELEPHONE users had no. such representation in Lansing. •dLetTheofopc amfwyp amfwypvbgkqj aemfwyp aemfwyp aemfwyp amfa * The men they paid to look after their interests were not on the job. It was ever thus. * toll be aojuatil tfct peopl* By k i*e way. it's a pretty good time rigni u**w 10 look over the list of for the legislature and senate in your district. WORK OF SUMMER SCHOOL PUPILS IS EXHIBITED Some excellent examples of lace \ making and hand crochet were shown In the annual industrial exhibition of .ijlhe work of the pupils In Detroits . summer schools and playgrounds dur ing the season of 1912, In the gym ' naslum of the Cass Technical High 1 school, Saturday, (.ace making and I. crocheting were taught for the tirst 1 time in the summer schools this sea ! son and the lace edgings, bags. | dollies, collars and other pieces ► Shown are the work of girls who t never saw a lace bobbin or crochet I hook up to eight w eeks ago. The fbasketry department was another at 'tractive section, showing baskets of 1 all kinds, sizes and shapes, for pur poses running from a needle work fiyeceptacle to a laundry holder. There were many clever things, too, In car * pentering and brass work, mostly the Product of the stronger hands of the I boys. The third In the series of No Danger of the True Triplets Becoming Mollycoddles, With Such Parents By Meek ! HERE, TRIPLETS, I HAVE f\ ' 1 _ " ~ COME »N, MRS. JRUE iM OH, YOU ARE, RR E YOU? WELL, AFTER PAIR OF BOX IN Or GLOVES MERCY, MRS. /l \ TEACHING THE TRIPLETS THIS PICK A*TIME WHEN IAM NOT j*",^ 1 - 1 ' j “ ... pmmmmmm ‘'closing" days to mark the end of the summer school season will be held j Tuesday, on Belle Isle, when an all day athletic, musical and folk dancing j program will be given by the pupils. V . LAUNCH PROPELLER GRINDS OUT A LIFE _ a LAKE HARBOR, Mich., Aug 12. Leo, 12-year-old son of T. J. McNulty, a wealthy Chicago resident, was In stantly killed here, Sunday. Robert McNulty, aged five, who was In the launch with his brother, is blieved to have been fatally injured. The boat struck a pier and th older boy was thrown out. He was struck by the propeller and instantly killed. The other boy jumped from the launch. He became entangled In the propeller and his head and body are badly cut. He Is believed tb be In ternally injured. Job 7*rlot inic Done lll(ht. Time* Printline Cos, 15 A)hn R.-»t Editorial Page of The Detroit Times ....." , ...... ...... ijjj.'.? The Rush to the Cities Tho* tendency of populatum towards the cities* continues, despite the coun try-life propaganda that finds Its testi monials in picture sections of the pa pers and magazines A bulletin of the J census for It* 10 shows that the pop i nia'.on of sunn of the eastern states Is in the cities to a startling extent For instance. Khode Island has 524,• o(H) persons in cities, and only 18,OOP jin the country. The country, by the way. means not only the open coun- I try. but also includes towns and vil lages of less than twenty five hufldre v i inhabitants. In the whole Fnited States, several million persons live in such communities, and are in truth more urban than rural. Massachusetts has 3,125.000 persons * in cities and towns of more than twen ty. hundred inhabitants, and only 241.000 in the country aud the vil lages. Even in Illinois, in the heart j of the agricultural region, the urban ; population has oLtrun the rural; and the same is true of Ohio. Vermont is the only New England state where rural population, thus reckoned, exceeds urban. The South and Southwest contain the greatest proportions of rural inhabitants Tex as has three times as many rural as urban. Georgia almost four times as many, and Arkansas mor? than six times as many. We are coming to realize that the ■ conditions of this problem have been ) precisely reversed In the last genera tion. The country used to be the i place, tor the man without capital; I’ncje Sam. as the old soug said, was , rich enough to give us all a farm. To- ! day. w> begin to hear the complaint that the countryman must be either a capitalist or a hired man. It ts the city, we are told, that affords the op portunities for energy, enterprise, tal ent, to gain recognition and reward, even though they have no Immediate backing of capital. The city makes the capitalist, aud then the capital ists go out to the country— for week-ends and vacations and the fun of spending their money. • Tiiere is something in these ideas, no doubt, and the census reports show that they are having their effect upon J the movement of our population. Yes , there is another side to the picture The greater, the rush to the cities, the fiercer become* the competition for every opening In business. As the producers of food dwindle In numbers and the consumers multiply, the cosj of liviug is forced upward and the conditions of the struggle become more and more difficult. The rewards of success are still there, but the pen alties of failure grow more and more terrible. I*et the farm lad who dreams of the “opportunities” of the city think ' ♦ *-' ‘ as> \f**tiirice *■ h* **' wde. place-. vVill money—even If he iDu succeed In grasping It—repay him , for leaving the healthier and more in- i dependent life of th<» country, with j it 9 freedom from fear of the squalid ! poverty so hideously In evidence In ; our seething slums'*—Munsey Maga zine. HAITI BURIES LECCONTE WITH NATIONAL HONORS | ______ PORT AU PRINCE. Haiti, Aug. 12. —The body of the late president of Haiti, Gen. Cinclnnatus Leconte, who was burned to death In the Are. which, following au explosion of am munition, destroyed tne national pal ace, was buried Sunday with nation al honors. The streets through which the fu neral cortege passed were lined with j great crowds. The procession Includ ed the members of the government, military officials and th members of the diplomatic corps. The capital Is quiet. Illinium*-like Printing. No fuss anil nn feathers. The plain, neat kind that looks right Time* (’rioting 15 John R -st Th Main 14 0% or City SSSS. 1 DO YOU WANT TO BE A POLITICAL CARTOONIST? HERE’S CORY’S COMPLETE KIT A few years ago the papers were full of an account the death of a very riel* American, who made his money largely by stealing street rail way franchises, capitalizing his roads for very much more than their costs. He then made you and me pay tares that enabled him to pay dividends on this watered stock. As soon as dividends were declared on this worthle3e stock, he sold it to inno cent investors and was thus abie to ct mplete hU steal and “cash in,” as they say. Well, certainly this man succeeded in cashing in , although you and I do not think much of the way h*f did It. sonce he blooked every move oL real progress, whether it was municipal ownership or honest legislation In short, this man was a sore spot on American life, and both indirectly and directly caused mis fortune an suffering, besides being a decided factor in increasing the cost of living from many points of view. Tills traction magnate left all bts property to his good wife and this wo man has since been honestly trying to undo some of the harm which her I ..The Third Party, The Confession of , , ... ax*, the w 4idate c. f V"' , That Theodore Roosevelt jerked the word out of the mouth of LaKol lette, and turned him down, lay equal ly In the nature of the case and the men. He who draws the sword and throws the scabbard away Is likely to prove in combat one to be reckon ed with Audacity and audacity and again audacity’ Roosevelt, the ex president; Theodore the Invincible; Teddy the lion tamer; a queer com bination. No for facts, or consequences. No respect for per sons. or for appearances. Prodlgioua capacity In labor and output. Medi ocrity. with its univeral appeal, in utterance, genius for self-exploitation. A defter stage carpenter than David Helasco a bolder play-maker than Bernard Shaw ; fusing Rlenzl and Na poleon In one modern blend of Bou langer, Dowle and George Francis Train, and applying to the common places of politics the resources of a more than Cagllostro, this God of the Coliseum exercises a spell as potent and far-reaching as Mother Eddy, as fantastic and spectacular STREET RAILWAYS VS. CHARITIES husband did. She has founded nos pitals. helped college settlements, aided struggling schools and been very bountiful in private charity. Feeling, however, that all these things were simply a temporary makeshift and did not reach the real sources of poverty and mlsfortuue. she. two years ago. anonymously set aside a large sum of money for use in studying the conditions of the workhgman. This siyn was dispens ed through a large law firm in New York; specialists were employed who knew nothing of the donor, and all have been working for the past two years *u endeavoring to solve the great problems underlying 'the ln creaseu cost of living and to uplift the poor people of our cities, finan cially. physically and morally. Recently I had the pleasure of talk ing with one of these experts and he gave me an outline of the report which his associates will render Paradoxical as it may seem, these experts will report through this law firm to this poor widow (who, al though very rich In worldly goods is far from happy, and thus is really a» Oom Paul Kruger Courier Journal. If the Democratic party were con trolled by Wall at. and Tammany, then there would be .reaaou for the Roosevelt third party But why an other Progressive party when the Democratic party, thanks to Bryan's memorable light at Baltimore, is stanchly progressive both as to can didate and platform?—Houston Chron icle. The New Nationalism of Roosevel’ embodied In practically the same form as ever in his Chicago speech of yes terday, involves an un-American sys tem of centralization, it Includes a number of alleged cure-alls for the economic evils of the age, yet. it of fers no solution of the tariff and other leading questions—in fact, on the tariff issue, which Is the para mount one of the campaign, Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Taft are nearly on a parity. Both are for prdy»ctive tariff, and both are for a tariff com mission.—Buffalo Times. poor) that these problems can be solved “only through breaking up the traction corporations which her hus band gave his life to create. I nrogh the extension of municipal ownership of street railways which her husband .continually fought and through the completion of tunnels, subways ami elevated railroads by the cities them selves in competition with the lines in which this widow’s money is n vested. To me these facts are exceedingly Interesting because up to the present time the chief reason for municipal ownership of street railways has been simply the possibility of savtug the cltlzenn two or three cents a ay by obtaaning a three or fiiur cent fare lnstea 1 cf a five-oent fare. These ex perts will pass over tills fare ques tion with only one pi ragrkph. but rather lay emphasis an the fact that street railways and lunuels have in finitely more important work, namely; that of gettitq; the working people Into the suburbs from the horded por tions of the cities. In short, these experts believe that the street rail way system of a large city should not be looked upon as a business enter prise. but be treated as the fire de partment or public health department. A private corporation will extend Into the country only when a profit able return on the tnvestracut can be seen; but these experts claim that street railway lines should be extend From Another Point of Weather probabilities: No telling. • • • * Some class, is there not, to ou rcommon council house of correction committee? • • - • • Why not, Mr. Prosecutor, swear out Just one warrant, with roll call attached? • • 0 • It seems to be Eddie Schreiter and not the strain that is telling most on the accused alderman. • • • • • News item. No Detroit alderman had been pinched again up to the hour of going to press with this edition. • * • • The order seems to have been exactly reversed in the National Pro gressive party, and Roosevelt notified the convention of whom it was going to nominate. • • * • May w’e. at the same time, inquire of the Cadillac Motor Car company if there is uny significance in their asking for the closing of one of our principle thoroughfares at this particular time? ' Os course, if we are going to give away a few hundred thousands of dollars worth of city property, the object of our charity should be a cor poration that makes jonly three or four millions a year. • * * * Supposing a man's name were Pepper and his should leave him, as has happened to John Pepper, an Ohio farmer, does that make the wife a Pepper shaker? Seasonable, but, of course, none of our business. Monday, August 12, 1912 rd iiuo the country Irrespective of a profitable investment. In other words, the real solution of tlit* gieat economic, social and hy gienic questions concerning the work ing class today He* In better, quick er and cheaper transportation. with all street railway lines extened lar tli«*r Into the suburbs; that the only way these social problems tan bo solved is by spreading the people out, emptying the tenements into the suburbs, and giving each family a little house and a back yard garden Peajni are tbe same as plants and tries Let a lot ot youug tl*ee; grow together, only u few Inches apart, and none of them ever amount to anything; but separate them about •JO te**t apart, and a great and useful forest develops In the same way, we need to gel out Into the comtry where we and our children cun huve good fresh air. eujoy cool, restful nights, and evelop physically, spirit* uallv au mentally, some day owning a little white house and green gar den of out own. In short, these experts are to re i port to this widow’that w hat the peo i nle need are subways Instead of sub scriptions. low fares Instead of church fairs, clean cars Instead of contribu tions. and <t,he same consideration which the city is giving its plants and trees, namely, fresh air. sunshine aid a thance to grow. Letter from the Seashore. (To the Old Man at Home.) “Dear William; Your last month's salary came to hand all right, and we are enjoying all the pleasure It I brought us. I wish they'd give you u raise in salary, as we could use much more money at this delightful resort. Take care of your health, and don’t lose any time from your work, and we’ll send you a shaving mug. made out of a sea shell.”—At* lanta Constitution. Real Optimism. The following story was told by Attorney Henry W. Hulttnann. at a recent Oermanla club dinner: ‘ All of us probably have different Ideas regarding the definition of*tha j word ‘optimism.’ but 1 think you w ill agree with tne that the little story I 1 am about to tell Illustrates the ex* ! treme meaning of the word better ! than Webster does; “An Irishman at work on the (seventeenth floor of anew skyscraper 1 lost his balanc e and fell. As be shot downward past the third floer a fel low-workman heard him say to him self, 'Well. I’m all right ylt.’ “ Chicago Tribune. Rn*lnt«**Hkp Print Ins. .Vo fuss and no feathers. The plain, neat kind that looks riaht Time* Prlntlus <'«•• L John R -st rh. Main 14<*8 or City 3385.