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The Detroit times. [volume] (Detroit, Mich.) 1903-1920, August 04, 1913, AFTERNOON EDITION, Image 10

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Bf t,Tb« Detroit Ttmes heartily join* wnn tne c. «. pf>«rai
rpftborttlM. th® Michigan Food and Dairy Commissioner
the Vigilance Committee of the Associaud Adver
I fiftajgChibs of America in protecting the public from ad
£ Wfrthling frauds. Any reader having a grievance against
'.'Mi •drertlaer in these columns will confer a favor by
% promptly reporting the same to the publisher.
VfTJHE DETROIT UNITED RAIL IVA VOR
[■ 7 HE PEOPLE OF DETROIT—WHICH*
I Who owns the streets of Detroit?
I. That is the live issue and the great big issue in this town today.
Is the Detroit United Railway subiect to the city’s will and order, or
is what is what to come from the offices of tins corporation ’
| When the officers of the Detroit United Railway make a ring: of the
tfctmb and the index finger and command us to jump through it, do we
| jump through or do we not 7
The answer right now. p : ain and decisive, must be that WE DO NOT.
What we possess of gnt. of pride, c: dignity and tenacity of purpose
f is called upon at this time, and the citizens of Detroit must be tound sol*
idly behind their mayor m the step lie has elected to take.
The issue is not a rate of fare lower than that which is being
eharged for a car ride at the present time.
W: . It is bigger than that.
The issue is. WHO IS BOSS?
Is the city to dictate to a public service corporation or is a public serv
. fc« corporation to dis tate to the city ?
| Will the Detroit United Railway run its cars over streets upon which
it has no franchise at a late of fare prescribed by the city or will
the Detroit United Railway charge as much as it pleases, run its cars as
often as it pleases, and pack the people in as it pleases, the people and
the city of Detroit be hanged?
That is the issue.
Detroit must meet it NOW!
The highest court in the country has said that in those streets where
the franchises of the Detroit United Railway have expired the Detroit
United Railway is a trespasser
The situation is precisely the same as it would be were the Detroit
United Railway John Jones and the city of Detroit Bill Smith, from whom
John Jones rented a house.
John Jones' lease having expired. Bill Smith is the one with whom
rests the say as to whether John Jones may continue to occupy the house,
and to name the terms and conditions upon which John Jones may con
tinue to occupy the house, if at all.
Mayor Marx in the resolution he places before the common council,
serves notice upon the Detroit United Railway that if it desires to occupy
the streets upon which it no longer has a lease, it must carry the people
at three cents per head, and sell five tickets for fifteen cents.
The Detroit United Railway, in the statement of its general manager
replying to the mayor, says it will do nothing of the sort: that it will con
tinue to occupy the streets and that it will continue to charge a five-cent
fare.
* And this is the condition which confronts Detroit at this time.
Should it call upon the men. women and children of this city to
walk for th next 30 days, there should be a willingness to do that very
thing. •
It is a fight we are up against, and to win it there must be sacrifices-
It is a fight that cannot be won unless there is co-operation all along
the line.
How far are you willing to go? How much patriotism have you? The
issue is one that will appeal to your love of city, your manhood, and your
•elf-respect.
What the Detroit United Railway really says in its statement to the
people of Detroit, is that it will do JUST AS IT PLEASES
It assumes this position with the knowledge that it has no rights what
ever and no business on the premises, and its statement amounts to nothing
)om than a declaration that it intends to continue operation by foree.
We have heard a great deal of late from the company against what
It terms an attempt to inflame the public mind; about riots and bloodshed
Here is hoping that nothing of the sort will come of the determination
of the city to claim its own. but it must be observed that the Detroit United
Hailway. by its attitude, invites the very state of things it has charged
others with seeking, for in this attitude it but continues a policy of de
fence by which it has exasperated the people of this city.
The company says it will continue to operate at a five-cent rate of
fare until "stopped by VIOLENCE *’
Isn't that a good deal like naming the weapons?
That is exactly what it is and the statement is made for the purpose
of inviting violence, and getting a standing in court, which the company
sea not at this writing.
But there will be no violence.
r *
There need be no violence.
The Detioit United Railway will have to meet the terms of this
resolution and it knows it will have to do that.
It will go into court, of course, but will come out empty-handed
And it will have to charge the rate of fare the city says it shall
‘I ohnrge. or get off the streets.
The Detroit United Railway or the people of Detroit, which?
We believe it will be the people of Detroit.
It will have to be that or the property of the corporation immediately
becomes junk.
And the day of municipal ownership and the end of this street railway
ness will be that much nearer-
Osgar’s Pleasure Park-He Tries Out His Thrillers on Adolf

- /~\ / I TELL YOU HOW I VK* DER X "' PCN BY PUSHING ANOMtTX VtN A HlLAl?k3Us'^\
?(3Si§§B, fesasH
' <(Q/ 1 tfV// J V \<2 #»/
Editorial Page of The Detroit Times
RAYMOND W. PULLMAN.
Ttmts Wathtnyton Bureau. Mt’fropolir
fan Hank Umhitufj.
WASHINGTON Auk. 4 Russian-
Americans who Ilk*- vodka and Ger
mans in this coun-
Imitations of try who are found
Vodka and
Kummel. : i-war** of the imi
tations of two of
the known beverages of the old
world which ate now sold in the
I'nited States for the real thin* Th *
warning lia> been issued by the Unit
ed Stat*» bureau ot chemistry whose
(experts, after extensive investigations,
have found dealers selling domestic
imitations ot the national drinks of
Russia and Germany, which are di*
guised so cleverly that if is hard even
for experts to tell them from the Irn
ported urticle
Many consignments of these alco
holic beverages of which the average
American seldom hears have been
s* ized recently in the I’nited States
lor violation ol the pure food and
drugs act. which prohibits misbrand
lng which is talse or misleading
Many iminigtants coming to the i t;.'
ed States stick to their national drinks
of Europe, and unscrupulous manufac*
; Hirers recognizing this tendency and
hoping to escape the duty on import*- l
wines and liquors have thrown on
tlie tint‘ket many misbranded mlta
lions which arc cleverly labeled to
fool the unwary foreigner who is liv
ing in this country.
Quantities of so-called vodka to the
amount Os bottles Were seized
some firm ago In Waterbury, Conn.,
and other places. The product.as far as
a!! appearances of tfe bottle were
concerned, bore every evidence of be
ing genuine imported vodka'' It whs
lubeled in Russi.n and also its Eng
lish. a.- follows Monopole Vodka,
made and bottled in Rusta Mono
pole The spurious beverage curried
labels and other devices which were
false and misleading The bottle-*
were sealed with wav having the irn
press ion ot the Russian coat-of-arm*
and the bottles themselves were of
Russian manufacture On investiga
tion experts of the bureau of ohernls
try found that the beverage was an
American imitation, bearing designs,
labels and sratements signifying that
it was of fort*:gu manufacture, hut
that, as a matter of fact, the liquor
had its origin no nearer to the obi
country than Brooklyn. N. Y
A consignment of kummel a Ger
man liquor flavored with caraway
.41—d. which was seized recently by
agents >f tlte bureau of chemistry in
a middle western city, bore labels in
both German and English which indi
cated that tlie product was of foreign
manufacture, while, in truth and fact,
it was merely an imitation of the
German beverage which was manu
factured m Cincinnati. Ohio.
Under the food and drugs act fre
quent seizures ol miabnUided bever
ages. us well as food products, ar*
made. Were it not ior this statute
t is probable that th*- American pub
ic would be surfeited wt;t imitations
of spurious foods and leverages land
ed as imported articles, but really
of domestic manufacture. The d* -
signs of many such imitations are got
ten up so cleverly titat in many cases
it is almost impossible to tell the
taked food or beverage troiu the orig
inal.
• • •
School teachers in Alaska must
have a thorough knowledge o f modi
cine as well
Alaskan Teachers. as pedagogy.
Medical Training The Alaska
» c ho ol ser*
vice is Hip only system of education
in the United States or any of Us
possessions which is under the direct
control of the federal bureau of edu
cation. In the northwest territory
there are large areas in which the
services of regular physicians are not
obtainable. It often becomes the duty
of the public school teachers not only
to render first aid to the injured or
sick native, but to care for him
throughout the entire course of a se
vere illness without the aid of a phy
sician.
For the assistance of men work
ing in Uncle Sam s Alaska school
service Dr. Emil Kiulish, of the l nit
ed States public health service, and
Dr. Darnel S. Neumann, of the United
Sta’es bureau of education, have to
gether written a medical handbook
which has Just been published and
sent to every school teacher working
for th** government in Alaska. The
authors have taken particular pains
to describe the symptoms and outline
the methods of treatment of the com
mon diseases of the natives in sim
ple. phiin language. In a word of in
structions to the teachers who will
receive the book the authors say:
*'A little learning Is a dangerous
thing, and this is especially true in
medicine. Teachers ar** warned to lie
careful in prescribing It is often dif
ficult to make a diagnosis of the dis
ease with which the patient Is suf
What the Government Is Doing
sering To lessen this difficulty symp
toms .»f all ot the common diseases
are thoroughly described so that the
teaohei mav have assistance u deter-'
mining *n> *:.se Remember this hand
book is not intended to replace the
services of a physician and ait cases
should be referred to otto w believer j
possible.”
Agents of the government have
annul that outside of performing thei*
! educational duties Vlaska school
; teachers arc called on mom frequently
(to ussisi the natives in solving their
health problems The new medical
handbook instructs the school teach
ers on every phase of medical prac
tice through which it might be pos
; sible tor th** agents of the bureau
of education to help th*- natives The
subjects run over a vvide range, th *
scope of work outlined t.ikiug in
everything from the feeding ot in
tants to the administration of drugs,
{and from the care of patents suffer
iug ,rom toothache to those afflicted
with tuberculosis or heart trouble.
i'libli* health officials believe that
tlie book is one of th*- most complete
and helpful of it-« kind that has ever
hei-n published and t!iu> it will offer
valuable assistance to Uncle Sam’s
agents who aie working to improve
health auditions in Alaska as well us
to tearh th*- children in the govern
ment schools.
• 9 •
When Franklin K i.ane. secretary
of the interior, returns to Washington
from his western
Water Power. trip it is expected
Development. i«- will announce
one of the most
1 comprehensive plans for the control
and development of water power
(which has been proposed sin*** the
discussion of the conservation of this
’natural resource was begun live oi
i s*\ years ago.
Secretary Lane foresees th** tint**
| when the electrification of tlie rail
-1 roads which lias already begun in
the w-st as well as in the east will
he extended to practically all parts of
tlie country. \ large part of the el**c-
TKdty to be used by the railroads and
| other public service corporations will
he generated by water-power, and the
se< retary has alreudy announced that
one of the most Important policies
>f his administration in the control
of water-pow**r will be worked to
benefit the consumer in every way’
possible, to lower the cost of power
and to regulate water-power corpora
tions.
An Important feature of the admin
istration’s new water-power polic
which up to th:s time has not been,
announced, will be tlie recomm**nda- i
tion of Secretary I.ane that produc
ers of electricity who transmit power
interstate shall b*- considered com
mon carriers as are the express and
telegraph companies at present, and
that the control of such common car
riers he given to the interstate com
merce commission This recommen
dation will be in Jine with a hill in- 1
troduced in th** senate bv Senator 1
Borah, of Idaho, during the last con
gress, which the western member will
reintroduce ami press for p issage at
the next regular session.
Companies which transmit and sell
electric power within the borders of
a single state at th** present time
coiue under the control of the public i
utilities commissions in most parts ,
of the country where they have be<»i ’
established. These state comm is- j
sions, however, cannot regulate elec- i
trie power wh ch is transmitted inter
state. and for this reason Secretary
I.ane and Senator Borah advocate the
classing of producers of electric pow
er as common carriers to come un
der the control of th** interstate com
merce commission as well as the state
public uLlities commissions.
The present head of the interior
Department wishes to see the widest
use of cheap electric power through- 1
out the country, particularly In the
west, where on the public lands elec- 1
triclty can be produced economically
by water power. In line with his pol
ic v to encourage the production of
cheap power. Secretary Lane has al
ready L.ken the stand that the water
brow Another Point of Vtezv
Maybe we ought to congratulate ourselves that the Detroit United
Railway hasn't decided to charge us a ten-cent fare.
* * +
However, that Jack Johnson will ever come buck here is no white hope
* • •
Hess Haskins writes: "Bill Stubly savs these cold mornings are fine
for sleepin’ and give hint the hay fever.”
* * •
Ujncinnati boasts an enthusiastic baseball fan who is blind. The other
fans get their enthusiasm by standing on their beads when reading the
percentage column.
• • « •
Real civilized. tho«e Phinese! They've started out their republic by
I cutting each others’ throats.
, • » *
Excavations show that Grecian women wore the split skirt 3,5u0 years
i ago. At that, it got here too quick.
lowers «»n tli** public lauds* tit tho west
should not he looked to as revenue
producers h«* believes that the gov
ernment's charge for the use of public
lands on which water power is pro
duced should he low, provided the
(ompumes charge reasonable rates for
the power which they market, .lust
••fore leaving Washington a week
am, Secretary Lane said that under
■he new plan it will he possible tor
a company to make its rates to the
! consumers so reasonable that the
! charges which the government will
make tor power will amount to prac
tical! v nothing. I
Utitough Secretary l.ane has given
; the power companies to understand
that he going to do everything
' possible to encourage them to pro*
| duce cheap electric power, he has
made ii clear - that the comp lies mm*t
!e fal** to the public In all case#
'and live up to their contract* or the
j permits which have been given them
to produce power on public lands will
he revoked in the permits which the
government grants in the future to
water powei companies Secretary
Lane will insist upon the fixing of
maximum rates which will be charged
to large and small consumers; it wll 1
also include prov isious to prevent un
lawful combinations or monopoly, and
will fix a specifb time limit in which
the companies w 11 begin and com
plete electric power plants. One lib
eral provision of the contract which
Secretary l.ane will propose will be
the allowance of the ten-year period
luring which the company is hut Id
ing its plant and tin img a market
for power when tin* government will
not make any charges.
To insure stability of investment,
officials favor water power permits
for terms of at least '<o years, or in
determinate permits which can be re
voked only for violation of terms, and
also provisions for fair settlement for
ht* power plant an 1 property should
the government rev ok > the permit or
desire to acquire the plant when fin*
term of the permit has expired
♦ ♦
Two Wilsons
♦ ♦
The president’s assumption that
there is nothing in the state of pub
lie opinion in this country to inter
sere with deliberate and reasonable
j consideration of the Mexican ques
j tion is correct. There is no cry for
haste or for war except on tin* part
<vf those who hope to profit pecuniar
ily by such a policy.
While Ambassador Wilson disavows
the published statements as to the
recommendations made by him at the
White house conference yesterday
there is reason tq believe th.it they
are not radically in conflict with his
opinions He is known to be opposed
to friendly mediation, which the
president favors. He is known to
have supposed the idea that the only
alternative to tin* recognition of
Huerta’s usurpation is war.
Accepting this view, the inevitable
Inquiry must be whether Henry lam*
Wilson appears at Washington u.s a
representative of the Tinted States
or as an agent of the coterie in .Mex
ico that overthrew constitution.il gov
ernment in that country last winter
It may be that his advice is good,
but it is the suggestion that Huerta
would make; it fits in with Huerta's
plans it magnifies Huerta's import
ance; it limits American freedom of
action exactly as Huerta would limit
that action, and it is a menace evi
dently in Huerta's behalf
While Ambassador Wilson seems
to have been largely responsible for
Huerta. President Wilson is charged
with Interests much more important.
In the poise, patience and patriotism
of f be Thief Magistrate, who can be
rushed no more than Lincoln or
Cleveland could be rushed, the hope
of a peaceable solution of the prob
lem now rests. New York World.
The postal savings ntank has had
the effect of decreasing the amounts
heretofore sent abroad.
Southerners 'lake Trip ,
Return , Accomplish Little
//</ UlLßu\ GAUDSi:H
WASHINGTON Aug I What and
why is the Southern Commercial Ton*
gress? What tnys
•*"- il terious Intlueuce
1 ch did tills orgaulza*
~[p| tiou lui\| with
‘ ' nun appropriation
i , A for junketing pur
> \ (roses?
* • y The return ol
Mr the so-called “rur
{> al credits controls
\ slon" from Europe
; has made this
' < ? question timely
and pertinent. The
ycj’. commission has
* v lovely time.
flSiy tj;.:* I-- congressional
members, with the
T*exception of R**p
■Ofe* resentalive .\Toss
r of Indiana, did not
oil.sox «. vmiM.ii m, along, but their
plates were taken by some folks who
were nominated to the honor by tin*
Southern Commercial Congress (it*
then is .my such organization). These
members are culled an "advisory com
mittee.' and consisted of more than
one hundred men from various state/
of the South, who went with the fed
eral commission "unofflcially."
The federal commission of seven
members, consisted besides Senators
Fletcher and Gore (who did not go
to Europe) of Representative Moss of
Indiana, Colonel Harvey Jordan, Hr.
Clarence .1 Owens I*r Kenyon L.
Butterfield, and Hr John I a*** Coulter.
Hr Owens figures as "Director-Gen
erul.” There is no such title In the
law creating the commission Ac
companying the federal commission
were a stall' of stenographers, clerks,
assistant,, and employees. Senator
Gore s secretary, who is the Senator's
brother, went in the capacity of cler
ical help, having his expenses paid
out of thy appropriation So did the
secretary to Representative Lever.
Chairman of th** House Committee on
Agriculture. Senator Fletcher’s two
daughters also accompanied the com
ini-slon in some capacity not gener
ally understood.
It Is announced that permanent of
fices are io be opened in Washington
and that this fall a voluminous report
will he sent out on Subject of
rural credits and farm banks
The legal status of tins commission
is rather peculiar A paragraph was
slipped into th** Agricultural appro
priation bill which says that "the
President eliall appoint a commission
composed of not more than seven
persons who shall serve without com
pensation to cooperate with th** Am
erican commission assembled under
'he auspices of the Southern Com
mercial Congress to investigate and
study in European countries co-oper
ative land mortgage banks, co-opera
tive rural credit unions, and similar
rganizations and institutions devot
ing their attention to the promotion
of agriculture and the betterment of
rural conditions.”
The law sets aside $25,000 which
may he expended on the authority of
th*» chairman (Senator Fletcher) for
my necessarv expenses either in
Washington or elsewhere. Presumably
tM* covers traveling expenses. Al
though the appropriation is contained
n the agricultural department’s a;>-
propriation bill, that department has
nothing to do with spending the mon
ey Senator Fletcher has been made
special disbursing officer to disburse
this fund and when he makes his final
'•‘•port undoubtedly he will tell how
much of this $25,000 has been used
and for what purposes Fletcher is
President of the Southern Commer
ial Congress, and also chairman of
tii** ‘American Commission,” as well
is the “Federal Commission."
What this provision of the law
amounts to, therefore, is handing over
to the Southern Commercial Congress
or Its appointees, $25,000 of govern
ment funds to spend in gathering siijs
posed I y valuable information to be
had in Europe on the subject of ruraT
credits. There Is no doubt thai every
fa-*t embraced in this commission's
report, ccm’d b* obtained in the Con
gressional Library; tr not. it could
certainly be had through the Ameri
can consular officers. This is assum
ing that the special labors of Am
bassHdor Myron T Herrick In Paris
were Ineffectual. He was ordered by
President Taft to make an exhaustive
Inquiry and report on this same sub
ject. and the State Department issu
ed reams of press agent “dope” on
these alleged investigations.
Rep. A. W. LafTertv, of Oregon,
who has Just returned from a trip to
Europe, reports that from his obser
Monday, August 4,
1913
vation the principal activities of the
rural credits commission consisted of
being entertained by committees of
municipalities uml hankers who gath
ered from every nut ion and from
every countryside to do honor to the
American commission, and to feed
them with figures and statistics and
information from the bankers’ point
of view. LafTertv says that the com
mission were well wined and dined,
if nothing els**.
In the investigation into the Dis
trift of Columbia iusurar.ee business
u few mouths ago, headed by Rep.
Rodfleld (now secretary of cofn
mercei, it was found thu the south
ern commercial congress was a pa
per organization It had been adver
tised to the public as owner of the
Southern office building, but this own
ership was found to be lodged in a
coterie of insurance speculators and
hankers, the name “Southern Com
mercial Congress” being used merely
as a blind Tills same commercial
congress is supposed to in* behind
Hiis commission which, with a Demo
cratic senator at its heid, was ap
pointed by a standput Republican
president and was handed $25,000
with no audit or restrictions on it.
!h»* whole thing is mysterious, to say
tli** least, and th** public generally
should he prepared to examine eare
fully into whatever report the .-com
mission may finally muke.
« *
A Ballad of Economics
We re striving hard to live within our
means;
We’ve left behind our proper habitat
And. hmlled like tradltonal sardines,-
We occupy a microscopic nut;
But though 1 quote domestic science
put,
And seek the cheapest market-house
In town.
And wear a thrice-remodelled coat
and hat,
I cannot k****p the cost of living down!
My busy hand unceasing cooks and
Cleans
(1 boast to friends that work re
duces fat).
We've discontinued all the maga
zines; *
My eldest son lius given up hi*
"fruL”
My husband lunches at the Auto
mat ;
My daughter wears a subway-bargain
gown;
We'v< sold the dog, and chloroform
ed the cat—
I canuoi keep the cost of living down!
Alas, my dear ones will not stand for
beans,
For mushand-milk. and frugul
cheer like that!
They yearn for cates that grace more
affluent scenes
And 111 become the proletariat:
The Simple Lite is marred by many
a spat.
For on my pet economies they frown;
They call me stingy and an auto
crat —
I cannot k*-‘*p the cost of living down!
iy ENVOI
Prince, though expenses rise like
Ararat,
I'm qualifying for a martyr’s crown.
All, speed the dawn, to show us where
were at!
I ranno* keep the cost of living
down I
•We disapprove of this line—-Editor
--August l.ippincott’s.
A Question of Nationality.
lie was a gentleman who was In
Washington as a minister represent
ing Honduras. Diplomats, according
to the popular conception, never say
the wrong thing They are believed
to be the delicacy of language and the
finesse of vocabulary.
This particular diplomat entered an
uptown barber shop in Washington,
and got a shave after hfe had explain
ed what he wanted in words which
were more full of uccent than of
fluency.
"Now, sir,” said the barber briskly,
"can't we give you a Turkish bath?"
"No-o-o"' replied the man from
Honduras, w ith some hesitation.* “You
" —The Populur
Magazine.
Science and the Milkman.
Housekeeper: "What makes you so
late with the milk these mornings 0 "
Milkman: "Well, you see. mum. the
pure food law don't allow us more
than twenty-five million bacteria to
the gallon, an' you wouldn't believe
how long It takes to count the little
—dlwils." —August Llppincott’s.
WORDS BY SCHAEFER
MUSIC BY MacDONALD

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