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TURKS COMMIT HORRIBLE ATROCITIES IN CAUCASUS REGION, SAYi RUSSIAN REPORTS
THE WEATHER. sat? ALHO| THtHSDAY, FAIR, COLD. FIFTEENTH YEAR. NO. 77. GERMANS ADMIT LOSS OF ST. GEORGES OTHER NEUTRAL NATIONS PREPARE TO JOIN U. S. IN PROTEST TO GREAT BRITAIN Shifting Character of English Contraband Policy, Basis For Note Sent to London * • ENGLAND STIRRED BY AMERICAN STAND Popular Attitude is That Protest Was Inspired By Germans LONDON, Dec. 30.—Not since the early days of the war has pop ular interest been so centered on a session of the British cabinet as today. It was a special meet ing and was called to take up the formal protest filed by the United States against the right of search and seizure now In force by Brit ish warships on the high seas. WASHINGTON. D. C.. Dec. 30. For the first time, it was learned today, from a high official source in the state department, that the final cause prompting this government’s protest against British interference '•vlth American shipping was the con stantly shifting policy of England in it's treatment of contraband. The case of turpentine and rosin—naval tiorec —was the “straw which broke the camel’s buck.” Early in November British Ambas sador Spring-Klee delivered to the state department a note from Sir Ed ward Grey stating that turpentine and rosin would no longer be treated as contraband. The state department so notified rosin and turpentine ship pers. But a few days later, after ships carrying such products were seized, the state department was sur prised to learn that rosin and turpen tine had been placed back ou the contraband list by Great Britain and that such cargoes were being seized as rapidly as British men-of-war could find them. Great Britain’s excuse for this ac tion was that she had learned the Germans were making use of rosin and turpentine in the manufacture of u new kind of bomb. Another of the strongest features of the protest, it is understood, is based on the action of Great Britain in the seizure of copper shipments destined to Scandinavian countries and to Italy. Some complaints to the state de partment insist that British commer cial interests, seeing their commerce grabbed off by Americans have in spired the foreign office to enlarge their contraband list. Direct indication that other neutral nations are preparing to join with the I’nited States in the protest to Great Britain against interference with shipping was seen today when sev eral foreign diplomats requested for their government copies of the United States note. Copies were furnished for Italy, Holland, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Whatever action they take will be based upon the attitude of the United States. Ambassador Page said Sir Edward Grey was not in and that formal acknowledgment of the receipt of the note by the British government would not be forthcoming until his return. An Immediate reply from Great Britain Is not expected by this gov-1 eminent to its note. This was de I dared today by high government ofll dais. They do not believe a rejoinder will he forthcoming short of two or three weeks. Delay in the British reply. It was pointed out. hinges upon t*o features —the serious character of the protest and necessity for great consideration ami care In framing the reply. Also j the situation Is not considered Imme diately critical or urgent. For five months the conditions complained of by the United States have existed and no urgent. Important case involv ing American shipping is now at is sue. Some delay, however. In transmis sion of the note is puzzling Prenident Wilson and his advisors. The Amer ican note was completed last Thurs iday, according to reliable Information. The president personally stated yes terday that he thought It was dellv ((oatlaunl «■ P«»« Klsvsa.) the weather Dstrslt ul vletattjn W>dH«d«r ’night, partly cloudy I much colder | low oat about »*ro. Thursday, fair and cold i fruoh aarthwaatorly wlada. Lower tflchlaaai Uoacrally fair on Wadacsdar alght aad Thondar, ••opt aaow larrloa acar Lake Mlchlgnu Wednesday i aaldor Wadaosday alphti froah woat wlada. TODAY'S TEMPERATURES. da. u» •* ** M 1 a. m ** 11 •- «* SB H m ST IS aooa 23 il.a s« I P m 24 Highest tew para taro this date la the past 43 years, SS la 18M| lowest. 10 ho. low sore la IS*e. One yoor ago today i Highest t< m poratnre, ST| lawest, M ( mean. S4| partly elandy weather. The saa arts Wedaeaday at 4tl# p. n. aad rises Thursday at T a. aa. The wooa seta at Si4P a. w. Thurs day. _ Wayae Hotel. Row Yoor'a K»e. Wot eh the old yoar.ouf aad tho new year In. Paeeae Society Orehootra aad J-l Kdlth Lambert Hoffman, tho - f lahratrd aoawrt ooavaao, off Loo Aa. ffolaa. Cal. sjeiroif ®iwjes CIVIL SERVICE BOARD TO FIGHT FOR SALARIES Controller Will Hold Up Pay and Case W r ill Be Carried To Court PAYMENT ILLEGAL, IS LAWSON’S RULING Compensation Can’t Be Provided Or Boosted During Current Terms, He Says The members of the civil service commission will go into court ami fight for the salaries granted them by the common council under the recent ly-adopted charter amendment. The four commissioners will go on the city payroll Jan. 1, but Controller Engel, acting on the advice of Cor poration Counsel will refuse to pay the first two weeks' salary of each commissioner. “The corporation counsel Informs me that the commissioners are not legally entitled to any salaries during their present term of office," said Con troller Engel. “On his advice I will refuse to pay them, and the matter will be fought out in court.” Commissioner James D. May an nounced Wednesday morning that the commission was ready to cross swords on the salary question with the city’s legal department. “The people voted us salaries and the council fixed the amounts," said Mr. May. “Now If certain people are opposed to civil service and attempt to prevent us from getting compensa tion for our work, we will certainly take the inaper Into court. We think that we can compel the controller, through the courts, to pay us the sal aries stipulated." In a recent elash with Corporation Counsel and Controller Engel, Commissioner May challenged the city officials to take the matter to court, saying that the commissioners would bear their share of the expense. The corporation counsel holds that un der the state constitution and the home rule act the salary or compen sation of a city official cannot be in creased during his term of office. He regards the compensation granted to the commissioners, appointed orlgi nally as members of an honorary com mission, in the same light as a salar> Increase. “That provision was put in the law to prevent log-rolling in political of fice," Lawson said. The law can be side-stepped by the commissioners resigning office the first of the year and accepting re-ap pointment from the mayor. This the commissioners will not do, says Mr. May as spokesman for the commis sion. The mayor also stated, Wednes day morning, that he would rather see the civil service salary question set tled In court. Mayor Marx Is ready to re-appoint Corporation Counsel Control (Contlaaed on Pi(r EUvn.) ARRESTING MIDGET PROVES SOME JOB Police Find 98-pound William R. Moore, Alleged Auto Thief, Slippery Customer William Russell Moore, 20 years old, and weighing just 08 pounds, fur nished some wild excitement in the Hoffman hotel, Woodward-ave., and Sibley-st., when he was arrested, Tues day evening, by Detectives Bert and Hugh Dwyer, on the charge of steal ing an automobile In Toledo, early in December. Mooro darted away as the detec lives attempted to arrest him, but a large, fat man blocked his path. The fat man was bowled over by the slim but active youth. Then Hugh Dwyer, about to grab the elusive Moore, stuck out a foot, just in time to trip Moore as he shot past ou another tack. The two offi cers pounced on him, but the battle wasn't over. Moore wriggled a good deal, and was Just about to slip from his clothing when the officers saw how near they were to going to the station with nothing but atmosphere wrapped In some olothes. They squeezed Mr. Moore tightly, and dis covered him amongst the clothing , when they reached the station. Toledo police had telegraphed to arrest Moore, only a half hour before, having received a tip that he could be found at the Hoffman. His father is a Detroit saloonkeeper. HOTBI. CHAItI.KYOIg, »M>UI TVbU 4*ll nia sw, s«ee u I w ■. um 4 Mte. piSm g] A4v. — WOMAN, 87 AND BLIND, LOSES LIFEJN FIRE Mrs. Stoddard Loses Life De spite Heroic Efforts of Grand son’s Wife to Save Her WARNED NOT TO MOVE TILL ASSISTANCE COMES Aged Victim Can’t Be Found When Attempt is Made to Rescue Her Mrs. Stoddard, 87 years old and partially blind, was burned to death, Wednesday morning, when the two-story frame dwelling at No. 284 Baltlmore-uve. west, the home of Lee 8. Smith, her grandson, with whom she lived, was badly damaged by fire. Mrs. Stoddard was in the front part of the house on the second floor with her grandson's seven-months-old daughter, when Mrs. Smith, working lu the rear of the house, heard the aged woman screaming "Fire," and calling for help. Mrs. Smith rushed to the room in front, and telling Mrs. Stoddard to wait for her at the head of the stairs, she carried her baby girl to the open air. The young woman then returned for the grandmother, groping through the smoke until she reached the head of the stairs. The aged woman had disappeared, and after the fire had been extinguished, her charred body was found. She had evidently tried to save herself, but, handicapped by her blindness, had gone in the wrong direction. Theodore Sala and wife and baby boy, and Domlntcus Sala. wife and baby girl, living on the first floor of the house, succeeded In making their escape, as did also Alfred Wilcox, wife and baby girl, who lived on the sec ond floor with the Smiths BULWARK EXPLOSION LISTED AS ACCIDENT LONDON, Dec. 30.—The destruction of the British battleship Bulwark was today officially entered as an acci dent. The Inquest into the death of practically its entire crew was com pleted and the verdict was ordered entered of accidental death. It is now accepted as certain that spontaneous combustion among the smokeless powder 1n one of the magazines caused the explosion which destroyed the warship. RESIDENCE AND SALOON MARKS FOR BURGLAR Burglars pried open a rear window of TVniel L. Davis’ residence. No. 09 Ferry-eve. cast, Tuesday evening, and stole cut glass, valued a* sr»o. No ofte was at home at the time. liouls Bchneider, saloonkeeper at No. Ilk Woodward-ave. reports that someone who hid In bis saloon when it wks locked l|, TMA4*| night. Iff ft, early Wednesday morning, with sls from the cash register. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1914. THE GARBAGE MEN MUST TAKE THE CIVIL SERVICE EXAM. RACE RESULTS „ AT OHAJULACffTOTN. First Rac*— \ mile, selling. North erner, 9 to 5, 4 to 6 and 2 to 6. won. Hsarthstone, 3 to 1, 8 to 6 and 3 to 6, second; Veneta Stroine. 4 to 1. S to 6 und 7 to 1 0, third. Time, 1:18 1-6. Elsewhere, Nada Mas. l'erthrock. Wa ter Lad. Knight off Uncus also ran. Second Raoe —Selling. \ mile: Wolf’s Hall*. 5 to 1,2 to 1 and 4 to 6, won; iiutwu. 3 to 1, t> to 6 and 3 to 6, sec ond; Francis, Bto 6,3 to 6 and lto 3, third. Time, 1:18 3-6. Ida Lavlna, No Manuger, Gen. Warren, Lelaloha, vul gar and Ethelburg 11 also ran. Third Race—% mile, welling: River King, 3 to 1. even and 1 to 2, won; Kopje, 2 to 1, 7 to 10 and 1 to 3, seo ond; Harlequin, 6 to 1. 2 to 1 and even,' third. Time, 1:03 1-6. 1-ady May, En durance, Jack Marlow', Frances Clare, Tho Lark. Electrician. Page White and Utellus also ran. Fourth Race—Selling. \ mils: Fifty Five, 6 to 1, 2 to 1 and even won; Brandywine. 8 to 6, 3 to f* and 1 to 4. second; Hud ft’s Brother, 18 to 6, 6 to 6 and 1 to 2. third. Time, 1:17. Cannoc*». MU* Barn Harbor, Gubrlo and Lord Marshal also ran. Fifth Raoe —Hulling, mile: Joe Knight- 6 to 1, 2 to 1 und even, won; Amoret, 2 to 1. oven and 1 to 2. »©c^ olid; Astrologer. 7 to 6, 7 to 10 and 7 to 20, third. Time. 1:17 1-6. buptemo. Toddling, Blue Mouse and Hack Cloth also ran. Hlxth Hare—Selling; 1 mile—Holton 6 to 5. 1 to 2 and 1 to 4. won; t\ln mundv. 7 to 2. 7 to 6 and 7 to 10 sec ond; Font, 10 to 1, 4 to 1 and 2 to 1, third. Time. 1:46. El Bold, Free Trade York Lad, Milton I?, The Monk and Kulssvau also tan. TOMORROW’S ENTRIES \T CHARI.KSTUII. First Hare— Purse 1300, 2-year-olds, selling, 6*% furlongs: xKmma .1. 8., 99; Golden Lassie. 100; Proctor 102; ldio* la. 104, Jack Marlow, 104; Change, 107; St. Ctarlcot. 109; Goldcrest, 110. Second Race- -Purse 1300. 3-year-olds and up, 6 furlongs: xZalt, 101; xotrsn to. 10.1; Thomas Callaway, 108; Chaser 106; xßrig s Brother. 10*; Free Trade. 108; Flask. ,112; Orlsoo, 118; Dust, 113, t’uttyhunk, lift; Col. Brown, 115; Ma deline R., lift: Idlewelss. 118. Caia thuinpian, 117, Mimesis, 117; Bob 11, 120. Third Race—Purse S3OO, all ages, 1 mile and 20 yards' Lida Earle. 86; xAve, 96; Tom Hancock. 101. Master Joe, 101; Mockler, 107; xYork Lad. I**7; Forehead, 107; Font. 107; Retente, 109 Fourth Race —Purse 8350. all ages, hat dlcap, furlongs: Encore, J*ft; Tactics. 100. Col. Tom Green. 100; True as Hteel H*4; Boxer. 106; Squealer, 108; York vilfe. 110. Fifth Race —Purse 1200, 3-year-olds.- 7 furlongs - xFranela, 97; Ortyx. 98; Archery, 99; xßalfron, 101; Iluda. Brother, 101; Beau Pere, 102;. l*at*y Regan. 106; xNash, 109. sixth Race —Purse 830. al ages, sell ing. 1 mile and 20 yards: xlleart Bear. 99; xßanjo Jim. 103; Laird O'Kirkcaldy. 108; xFord Mai, 109; xOueed. 1«9; Over the Sands, 111; Jacob Bunn, 111; xVol thorps, 112; xFlfty Five. 112; blllte Baker, 114. xApprenttce allowance claimed Cloudy and muddy. OLYMPIC CHAMPION UNDER PRO CHARGES NEW YORK, Dec. 30.—The Even ing Mail today makes charges of pro fessionalism against Platt Adams, of the New York A. (’., a world’s chnui plon athlete. Adame has pledged and received money for prizes he has won at amateur tournament#, the newspa per charges. This offense constitutes professionalism under rules of the amateur athletic union. Adams won first honors In the standing high Jamp at the Olympic games in Sweden. New York's forest preserve con tains 1,826.000 acres and is valued at $.'10,000,000. PrUttat the plate seat aiad—that M i rlaht Tlaaea Joh Ilepert Main ill*. ✓ U. S. NEUTRAL ON PAPER ONLY, SAYSJOLLMER lowa Legislator Makes Impas sioned Plea For Prohibition of Munition Exports ARCH-HYPOCRITES. HE TELLS CONGRESSMEN Pray For Peace With Blood- Money in Our Pockets, Says German Sympathizer WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—The Unit ed States was called by Rep Vollmer, of lowa, today a partner in the “greatest crime against civilization in all history." Urging the house foreign affairs committee to report favorably the Vollmer-Dartholdt-Lobeck resolutions to prohibit export of munitions to the European belligerents, Vollmer revert ed to the prayers of Peace Sunday iu this country, saying; “Are we so anxious to achieve the reputation of being the arch hypocrite 4 4 ontlnurtl ms Pave Kloxen.) freezFhalts STREET CLEANING I'cnkell Will Get Busy Again With Next Spell of Soft Weather The “soft" apell, Tuesday, cost the city about SI,BOO. 1). p. w. Commis sioner Fenkell had 100 teams and 300 men at work from early yesterday morning until 7 o'clock Wednesday morning removing slow and slush from the downtown streets. The drop in temperature hat. temporarily halted the work. Jack Knight, superintendent of streets, worked 48 hours without sleep to get tho main thoroughfares In passable condition He succeeded In clearing Woodward avo. from the river to Adelald*-st.: Gratiot ave. east to Rlvard-st.; Grand River ave. wont to Secondave.; Michigan ave. west to Cass-ffre.; .lefferson-ave east to SC Antoine-eC. and Fort-at. west to Flrstst. Work In Fort-at was im peded by mountains of snow In front j of tho postoffice building. The gov eminent employes cleared off the broad walk on the Fort-sL side of the bulldtQ*. dumping the snow In the street. Hupt. Knight found that streets in which traffic wae heavy were easiest to clean "It was the biggest Job of Its kind this department ever tackled, and I think we did tolerably well," said Commissioner Fenkell. "As soon as the weather softens again we will get busy and finish 'cleaning, the down town etreets." Danfia* lit pn»ar* Risk toatgkl atlM ikallM Adv. THE CLEAN NEWSPAPER FAILURE OF ATTEMPT TO 1 RAISE SIEGE OF PRZEMYSL, ACKNOWLEDGED BY VIENNA VISIT HOMES OF JOBLESS MEN TO BRING RELIEF Board of Commerce Sends Out Seventy Committees For Personal Survey I TODAY’S APPLICANTS NUMBER CLOSE TO 2,000 Encouraging Increase Noted Last Day or Two in Calls For Workers A small army of citizens of Detroit, most of them employers of labor, started, Wednesday morning, on a tour through the city to lend their personal effort* to the task of secur ing relief for the thousands of unem ployed men clamoring for work. The employers are members of 70 commit tees appointed from the membership of the Detroit Board of Commerce in its effort to find work for idle men. Each committee is composed of from three to 10 men. The increase iu the flow of unern ployed humanity which has appealed to the Board of Commerce for kid has become so great in the last few days that members of the organization have decided to take drastic steps to remedy the situation. Iq rnauy cases • members of these committees have already agreed to look after families 1 deserving of special attention. One 'committee leported soon after It left, Wednesday morning, that It had made arrangements to care for five fam lilies. At the same time the committees left on their errands of mercy, Vlce- Preslden. Charles H, Gifford and Sec retary Byres W Oitchell started on u tqur of visitation to large employers of labor. Gifford and Oitchell,. who are at the head of the movement for the welfare of the Jobless ones, will personally Interview employers and impress on them the dire need of the thousands of men who are without means of supporting their wives and little ones. Predictions made, Tuesday, that the number of applicants for positions that day would reach 1.800. were real ized. And long before the doors of the Board of Commerce building, at Lafayette and Wayne-sts., opened at 8 o'clock Wednesday morning, anoth er mass of men had lined around the building. The rows of men. three deep, extended on Wayne-st. to the al ley, In tho center of the blo*k. to wards Michigan-ave. and into the al ley for fully three-quart era of a block. Shortly befoie noon, the corps of men Interviewing and registering the ap plicants. estimated that the number to he indexed today would be close to 2.000. An encouraging feature of the Board of Commerce movement Is the increase in the number of calls for workers that have been received in the last two days. Wednesday morn ing it became necessary to assign three additional men to the task of receiving the calls and deciding upon the raoet worthy men to fill the posi tions. “It Is the object of the board," said Mr. Gifford, "to centralize the relief work, If possible. If we register roost of the unemployed men here, and «m --plovers who need workers send their calls to us. the work will be much more effective than If call* were sent here and there about the city. As It Is. we are able to classify the men and give what Jobs are open to those who need them most If the relief work were to be carried on in differ ent nart* of the city, there would be no concerted action, and the best re sults would not he forthcoming." The Hoard of Foromerre provided the members of the committees sent out Wednesday with automobiles to mnko their visits to the homes of the unemployed. Hon <•«>. IfceT <•» »f tmr «ff#r 'Mint's nk*( IkfY ■!> •** **8»" hi,, trt»«f otir !»»•«•■.— S*t#l lAv sirttrvnss tssner, rtI'RKMIVG, Htontfllt. T4IIMS. cai.i. ranii.i.ar sao. -.4*l** Traffic Officer Burns Carries Ladies Across Slushy Street The United States life savers have uotblng on Train* Officer John Burns. He rescued uo less than 100 Detroit women, not to ap«Ak of their fine dress**, elegant furs and dainty shoes, from the muddy waters of Woodward ave.. at the corner of John- R.V-. Tuesday afternoon. Officers Burn® put In thff morning gently satiating pedestrians across the sltfsh And melting snow, but as like rivulets and pools began to widen FINAL EDITION ONE CENT Elimination of Germans From Poland By Jan. 13, Is New Russian Objective—Mon tenegrins Active ALSACE FIGHTING GROWS IN IMPORTANCE Conflicting Reports Come From Caucasus, Where Slavs Battle Turks BERLIN, Dec. 30.—(Via wirelee* through Sayvllle, L. 1., to the United Press.) —Official admission that thff Germans had been compelled to evac uate St. Georges, two miles weat of Nleuport in Belgium, was made by thff war office today, it stated, however, that the reverse was due to a surprise attack and that an attempt is now in progress to retake it. Fighting has been resumed in Poland, according td the report which claims that the Rus sian cavalry have been driven back in the general direction of Pillkalien. Tho official report says: “In ihe west we are again fighting for possession of Bt. Georges, in Bel gium. Irom which our forces were driven by a surprise attack In force. At other joints on the western line the nltuation continues unchanged. “In th* east the Russian cavalry has been driven hack in the direction of Pillkalien. On the western bank of the Vistula our offensive continues. We are also, making progress east of Bzura and KawaJ' BY WILLIAM PHILLIP fl/JfJfH 'Stiff Correspondent United Press.) PARIS, Dec. 30.—Artillery fighting on a tremendous scale features the battle today at many points along tlfr line. This is especially ao on the center and the right wing of the French positions and in Upper Alsace where the French gunners have man aged to silence the heavy German urtlllery posted lu the vicinity of Aspach. I>espite the inclemency of the weather and the difficulty of moving* the Germans again today began an at« tempt to retake St. Georges near Nleuport where the French lines have been moved forward nearly two miles. The Germans have brought up heavy artillery along the roads here and they are subjecting the French positions to a continuous bombard ment. The French have been able to re occupy very important strategic posi tions southeast of Zonnebeke on the Bar Le Aere-Paschendale road and are now In position to drive a wedge into the German lines In that vicinity. The fighting here has been of desperate character for weeks, but the lS*ench taking advantage of the German with* drawal caused by the weather condh, tions. simply pushed their linos for ward and finally captured an entire Chain of trenches by a aeries of bril liant bayonet charges. The official 3 o’clock statement con firms the capture of these positions and also states that the bombard ment of Bt. Georges ia moot violent. According to the statement, in the region between the Alane and Cham pagne there has been almost continu ous cannonading. The French have made slight progress in the region of Four-de-Paris. In the Argonne dis trict, between Argonne and the Mo sell© the cannonading has been par ticularly violent. This is especially so all along the heights of the Meuse. German attack on Tete-de-Faux In the Vokgos has been repulsed whllf the statement says that the fighting in the Alsace district continues. The operations in the upper Alsace region have begun to overshadow all others In the opinion of the French military experts. They believe that the long looked for drive which fa In tended to clear Alsace from the Swiss frontier and the Rhine to Strasaburg and Metz. Is under war The German position* af Stelnbsch are being shelled nnd it Is believed here that they will soon he taken. This will (Conllunri un Kler»«*. M YRSCHNER TAKES OATH OF OFFICE AS JUSTICE — Adolph F. Marschner, elected by the the council Tuesday night, jus tics of the peace to fill the vacancy canted by the resignation of Edward Com mand. took the oath of offloe. Wed nesday morning He was sworn in by City Clerk IJndsay and had the honor of being the first city official to slfn thr new oath of office book and dcepan. hi* task assumed ooasid arable proportion*. leafing Ihe men to look aft or their. (uOvm. r» urn* took the ladtea. om at • iim«\ under hi* arm* much after tka faHhlon that one carries a *ack of flour and deposited them safely oh the r.'dewalk Group* of men looked with easy [upon the long line of charming lai handsomely garbed women who waH led thankfully for thetr torn Doras | blushed • good deal bat did hta duty.