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Sister Marie Felicie, Who Nursed 5,000 Germans, Escapes and
Tells Shuddering Story of Desolation, Starvation and Death # (Readers of Mary Boyle O’Reilly’s article* front Belgium early In the war will, perhaps, remember the story of the efforts made by Stater Marl* H'ellcl* and Mis* O’ltellly to get mill* through the German lines to the babies of Brussels. Every effort failed until the climax, which was produced oy Sister Marie Felicie, who bearded the German governor In his office and de manded that ahe herself be given per mission to drive the farmer’s carts past the barriers. The following “to*") - *■ from the same Sister Marie Felicie.- Editor.) By MARY BOYLE O’REILLY. IX)NDON, England. Dec. 18- mall.) —“Mon dleu! I’ve seen the de vastation of u cyclone, the utter ruin wrought by earthquakes —yet never, never anything like the Belgium countryside overwhelmed by the Ger man army!" Nurse Marie Fellcle of the French lied Cross has escaped from Brussels to London with u first hand tale of the awful desolation of the stricken land. “All Flanders,’’ she said to me when I met her here, “Is filled with Belgian fugitives, returning now to find If their little homes have been spared. Spared? Good God! Every thing—everything —haa been de stroyed. “You see, I know, for I have trav eled over all this country on foot —a fugitive with the other footworn fugi tives!" Nurse Marie Felicie explained. Nurse To 5,000 Wounded. 1 last saw' her lu Brussels, Aug. 29, 10 days after lta capitulation. Though she was French, she told me then that she was determined to stay with the wounded In spite of German oc cupation. “Blnce then," she said to me today In London, “I must huve nursed 6,000 wounded Germans! All were child ishly Ignorant about the war, all piti fully eager for peace. Scores of them acted like men half asleep. Days of leafenlng noise, racking fatigue, ter rible tension had brought them to the edge of Imbecility. “Brussels Is a huge hospital. Not two In a hundred stricken men die from wounds. Rather they sicken with sciatica or are killed by 72 hours’ of standing up to their knees In water when their clay trenches are like brooks. The flooding of Flan ders started an epidemic of pneu monia and typhoid. The fumes from lyddite shells poison exhausted men. Poor food, prolonged depression do the rest. “German officials acknowledge the startling increase of suicide. When this war was planned the German war office remembered everything except the human beings who must do the fighting. Now they realize that mis take. Ordersd To Berlin; Flees. “ 'These patients will all die un less w’e get them aw'ay from this ac cursed country,’ the chief doctor said to me. ‘Nurse Marie Felicie, you will go with the wounded to Berlin.’ ‘“To Berlin! Me, a Frenchwoman!’ I thanked him circumspectly and that night I vanished. My Red Cross pa pers passed me at the barrier. After that I was free —and a refugee, alone, penniless, without food, In the land of bondage. “That explains how 1 came to travel across broken Belgium on foot. Wherever I went 1 saw little bogs toiling’ht men’s work, old people wan dering dazed amongst unrecognizable ruins, and women half mad with grief mourning beside black wooden crosses. “On the road beyond the Brussels barrier 1 met with half a hundred women refugees. Picture to yourself how we walked through the night to Waterloo. There was no moon. The darkness was absolute, for the ham lets of Flanders show no lights; matches cannot be had. PHesta Stay By Ruined Churchee. “After walking for hours we wom en refugees slept on straw in a church near Gembloux. The parish priests may no longer show themselves in ecclesiastical dress. They must wear mufti. But they calmly Insist on re maining In their ruined parishes. ‘For,’ say they, ’if we leave, no oue will remember where the vanished boundaries ran, nor who ow'ns the ruined fields. Neither will anyone re- i call who married whom, nor where the women and little children of the Whizz! Whirr! Every One’s A-Skating J\ >- u#em***A (r / Y » CLAIRE CASSELL- ■ l> i ; . ; V ■ : ■w • wK/NNr-'? - v BI3TER MARIE FELICIE, OF THE FRENCH RED CROSS. broken-up families have taken refuge.’ “The kaiser, who fears little else, fears friction with the Vatican, so his military governors have orders to let the priests remain. “One good old priest gave me a map he had made for the allies. “ ‘For two months I have watched these Invaders,’ he said. ’From Water loo to Gemblou they have zigzagged the plain with mines. Belgium has become a vast field fortress, line after line of hidden defences. The Ger mans no longer care what they ruin; they kuow that they cannot remain. “ 'As for me, I am an old man, ig norant of affairs military. Alone, on foot, I worked out this poor map. It is for the allied armies. Belgium Vast Field Fortress. " ‘When they enter Belgium I will not be here. Let their generals be warned. From Waterloo to Marbals uslans dressed as peasants to deceive the airmen have constructed quag mires lined with electrified wires. Traluloads of barbed wire have come from Germany. The snares are spread over a line 10 miles wide by at least 100 long. Everywhere are buried mines. That means savage warfare. “ ‘Above Bioux German engineers have set guide stones across the marshes. These show beßt at night, being covered with phosphorescent paint. It is an Indication of the end. When t,Ue Invaders retreat they will take with them as prisoners of war the men of the Garde Olvique. I foresee that we hostages will remain —hanging on the trees.’ “When I reached Namur I found further indication of the truth of the old priest’H warning to the allies. "Since Namur fell, the captured fortifications have been reinforced. A thousand men from Krupp's have worked for months mining the fields toward Marlagne and weaving wire entanglements. All the villages round the fortress have been evacuated and destroyed to clear the range for gun fire. “For here and at Liege the kaiser's hosts must make their last stand In Belgium during their great retreat — the retreat which every man and woman in Belgium confidently awaits, feels in his heart is absolutely in evitable. “Next day we refugees walked to ward Dinant. Twice we were crowd ed from the road by companies of landwehr and landstnim. Just re lieved from the firing trenches, black as miners from the pit, stiff, sore, The boat of all winter sports has come into its own again—this winter everybody skates, and the girl who tangoes and the girl who "trots” has made way for the girl who can skim the Ice on skates. The first nip of skating weather brought Miss Claire Cassell, tne New York -skating champion, to the rinks, and her dally exhibitions are a fea ture of New York's brief season of winter sports. THE DETROIT TIMES. MONDAY, JANUARY 4, 1915. deafened, their clothing torn to shreds, mummified with mud, the kaiser’s men stumbled along, deaf and blind to any but tbelr own misery. Incaders Eat; Belgians Starve. “But the unutterable misery of Bel gium Itself Is famine. Prom Ant werp to Dinant there is no flour at all. None. Whoever dies, the in vader must live. Therefore, all the cattle have been seized and sent Into Germany. The growing crops were long since commandeered. Little re mains. A few starved fowl scratch ing In the shattered streets, rows of empty shops without bread, sugar or oil. Nurse Marie Felicie paused a mo ment. Then she said: “There are two recollections of that country of sorrows which stay with me most vividly. The first Is pleasant. It is of the one little vil lage in all that desolate land which remains peaceful, populated and happy. One Happy Village. “Profondeville, with L7OO people, lives ou untroubled and secure, know ing nothing of war but the echo of artillery. Only one road passes Pro fondeville, for the valley is hardly 300 feet wide. One Sunday, while the vil lagers gathered for mass, a disabled motor car crept into the little squara lu It sat two German officers, young, arrogant and armed. But before they could draw their weapons they were surrounded and threatened with death. Almost every old man in that I crowd had served his time in the great gun factories of Liege. Others, although too old for the Belgian army, were not too old to be revenged. The Germans realized their lives were in peril. “Suddenly the parish priest inter vened, pleading for the enemy. ’These men are not spies!’ he said. ’They came quietly, let them pass quietly.; So may God show mercy to our men in the field.’ Standing on the village green men and women voted that the prisoners be released. “In three days came a document from Berlin, signed and sealed. So long as this war lasts no harm will | come to Profondeville. For the Ger man officer they spared is one of the kaiser’s sons! Dismal Trains of Dead. “And my other most vivid remem | brance is one of death,” resumed Ma rie Felicie. “Every night trains of dismal mys tery clank across Belgium, back from the front toward Germany. The trains sometimes are composed of 26 •cars, and in every car are 100 bodies of dead German soldiers! ’’The Germans who died advancing on Paris were weighted and sunk In the nearest river. Today, in conse quence, typhus Is epidemic In north ern France and there is true Asiatic cholera at Mile. I,ater the trenches about Charleroi served as great graves. Belgium and the Argonne are enormous cemeteries. ‘‘But now, mon dieu, the death toll of the Yser is Incalculable. There fore the iK)or bodies are collected, stripped of accoutrements, roped be tween boards In bales of sou packed Into trains! “These dreadful corpse trains bear their burdens back to the new crema tor near Ghent, or the huge furnaces at IJege. Thus are the regiments which devastated Belgium returning toward the fatherland!" WHO BROUGHT THAT PET SKUNK TO SCHOOL? PASADENA, Cal.,' Jan. 4.—ls a I* Hunter, Janitor of the Pasadena high school, ever learns which one of the pupils it was who brought a pet skunk” to school recently, he says he will so far forget himself as to do bodily harm. Since the visit of the little white and black animal Hunter has used gallons of disinfectant with no last ing effect, and all who pass through the halls of learning are impressed with the fact that the unwelcome guest was present. Hunter thinks It will be months before he, the teach ers and pupils can forget It. 100,000,000 XMAS GIFTS BY PARCEL POST WASHINGTON^ - Jan. 4.—Prsllmln ary estimates by postofllce depart ment officials, place the number of parcel post packages handled durinf the Christmas rush at 100,000,000. It Indicates that the total volume of parcel post traffic for 1914 will to tal nearly 1,000,000,000 packages. The government main tains an agricultural college and three experiment stations. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTO R I A EYESTRAIN IS A FERTILE CAUSE OF CONSUMPTION Consume*) Nerve Force, lowers Vitality and Makes System Receptive of Disease CITES CASES OF DIABETES CURED BY EYE OPERATION Young Woman With Consump tion Took to Wearing Glasses and Then Recovered NEW YORK, Jan. 4 —Eyestrain in the development of tuberculosis Ls the subject of a paper by Dr. Frank D. W. Bates, of Hamlltou, Out., lu a re cent Isaue of the New York Medical Journal. He relates experiences since 1396 in which the medical profession has not given him much encourage ment, but which have convinced him that strain upon the eyes consumes nerve forces, lowers vitality and re duces the system to a condition fa vorable for the reception of tuberco lar and other germs. His paper suggests to the profes sion that it is quite as important to keep the body in such shape that germs will not take root in it ae It la to discover germs or invent new methods In surgery. His attention was first called to eyestrain in the development of dis eases of the general system by a case of diabetes that was cured by an op eration upon the eyes. A physician had been treating the case In the reg ular way for four years, without re sult, not expecting a cure. The pa tient got Into the hands of a Chicago oculist, who performed an operation. The oculist gave no medicine. Dr. Bates heard of the case one year afterward and wrote Inquiries about It both to the physician and the oculist. The physician replied that he had examined the man a doz en times since the operation and not a trace of diabetes remained. There had been a complete cure, which he attributed to his patient’s relief from eyestrain by the operation. Dr. Bates spent three weeks with the Chicago oculist, then came to New York and studied the work of a specialist who believed eyestrain a factor in general disease, and after ward had extended correspondence with, Dr. George M. Gould, of Phil adelphia, originator of the eyestralp theory. He became convinced, adopt ed the theory Into his own practice and, he says, in 18 years since then he has had no reason to change his View’s. Hla attention was drawn to eye strain as a factor In the development of tuberculosis by a book in 1897 by Dr. A. L. Ranney, of New York, re porting casea of direct connection. Cases of two slaters, born of a hardy family In which there was no tubercular heredity, next came under treatment by Dr. Bates. The first sister had lost weight from 113 to 82 pounds, Roughed much, had night sweats and little appetite, and the family physician had informed her Unlock the FULL ' Nourishment of —* N .i-SSlfe. Your V, %IT . / J \ s' ;/ .* jS >. • // \ l( K\V • , \f \ % \ > V if; At ( i A \ \: f \ \ ; : \ .* .* \ > : i ; • / • ; .* • V ( \ V. :> • • • • \ 0 })/ ' •« » WITH THE GERMAN ARMY Germans Playing Cards With the Flemish Girls I —^ 1 ’'***" WHILE A PRIBONER IN A BELGIAN HOME NEAR ROULERS, I WATCH GERMAN SOLDIERB PLAY CARPS WITH BELGIAN GIRLB,—By C. Leßoy Baldridge. While at the front near Roulera, which the cablet aay the alliee have Juet retaken, I waa made prisoner and sent back under guard to Thlelt for examination. I eketohed the above scene under the eye of the sentry. The sal* dlers understood no Flemish and the girls no German, but that didn’t interfere with card games which they taught each other. By the stove sat an old woman who had two sons with the Belgian troops. One of the glHs also had a brother fighting. Sometimes she would sit silently at her cards and, when reproached by her German partner far Inactivity, would say that she was thinking about her brother. parents that she would die In three months. Her eyes troubled her at the same time and she went to Dr. Bates. He prescribed glasses and soon the night sweats stopped, the cough lessened and weight Increased. With the view of accelerating improvement he sug gested to the parents an operation upon the muscles of the eye. The parents objected, and Dr. Bates did not presa the matter, not then feeling so sure of his ground as he would now. The girl kept wearing glasses and remained In fair condition for 15 months, when her tuberculosis took a sudden turn for the worse and she died. Two years later the second sißter had tuberculosis and the family phy sician Informed the parents that she would go as the other had gone. The girl also suffered from eye trouble, for which she consulted Dr. Bates, who found she had simple myopic astig matism. She tvgan to Improve Im mediately on wearing glasses, and Is alive and well today. Dr. Bates says that since then he has had a number of cases of pro nounced tuberculosis In his practice, all of which have recovered after treatment for the eyes except one young woman, whose condition was already hopeless,- bfft she lived two years. “Eyestrain cannot produce tubercu losis by any direct connection with the lungs or the organs Involved.” Dr. Bates writes, "but the eyes do more work than any other organ of The rich nutriment in oatmeal can only be unlocked with one key — thorough cooking. H-O is the only steam-cooked oatmeal, the only oatmeal which is cooked at the mill for over 2 hours —in sealed cookers. The full, delicate flavor of H-O is secured mainly by this thorough cooking. H-O Oatmeal with 20 minutes’ cooking on your stove produces perfectly-cooked, delicious, strength-giving oatmeal. And there’s another reason for the H-O flavor —that is the zealous care with which we select our oats from different sections —all plump, clean oats fairly bursting with nutriment. Why not serve H-O Oatmeal tomorrow steaming with its tempting, rich aroma? the body, and, If there is trouble with the refraction or muscular equilib rium, we are using up a certain amount of nerve force all the time. “If a person is manufacturing only just as much as he is using up every day the additional nerve force used up by eyestrain is sufficient soon to place the system below par, where the disease to which he Is predisposed is likely to develop, and that may be tu berculoßls." Tramp Steamers Make Money. Owners of British tramp steamships are deriving great profit from the war. For weeks past freights have been rising not only steadily, but sometimes rapidly, and they now are on a very much higher level than when the war began. For Instance freights for grain from the Platte have risen from 13s a ton to 29s lid a ton, while freights from the Pacific coast of North America have advanced from about 35c to 45c. The rise Is due largely to the acquisition of many ves sels by the government. Many of the finest British liners have been converted into armed merchant cruis ers 'or have beeu employed as troop ships; some have crossed the Atlan tic packed with horses; many have been chartered for the carriage of stores or to act as colliers. British shipping has not only been doing the bidding of the British government, but It has been at the service of the French and Russian governments as well. I Oatmeal H-O Oatmeal 1$ endorsed iy Ilf **M 'nthoM Book of Pu* Foods ’ and A* the “/V« hood Dtfoctory ,t of the Ne» Yo+ Ook*. Th« H-O Company. Buffato.N X \ Makers hHD. Fore*. Prfto>| \ Page Seven SEEKING DIVORCE, THEY BLAME “13” AS HOODOO WICHITA. Kan.. Jan. 4.—Many people claim that there is nothing to the superstition about “13/* but in Wichita is a couple seeking a divorce in the district court that bellevaa the number la an ill omen. They cite their own lives since they met and were married. Here is the atory aa told by he man: Thirteen years ago the man and woman met in Topeka on March 13. They became well acquainted in tha months following, so on Oct 13 war* married. They were married at No. 213 East Seventh-st., and atartsd housekeeping at No. 218 East Eighth st. The rent on the house came to sl3 a month, and they have had three children. Oct. 13 this year the suit for di vorce was filed in the district court. The sheriff served the papers In the case and made his final return Oct. 23. The woman asked for temporary alimony and the judge granted her sl3 a week. Each la 43 years old. I»uis Duiaki, a rancher of McKen zie county, N ,D., uses an automobile to herd hia cattle. He finds that hla automobile enables him to corer as much ground aa could be covered by two men on horses. A man found drunk In Denmark la turned over to the carp of a doctor and the bill la sent to the proprietor of the last saloon visited by the man.