P», riitlplnl miT ***nlnf except Hunday by the
r Detroit Time*
|®', Sofeoerlptloß Rate* —By carrier. 25 rent* a
>■ Mth; IS * year. By mail, »3 par year, payable
' TMoobona —Main 4530, connecting all depart-
BMMMt* Olva Timas' operator name of department
EwjyM* wanted, Bubacrlptlon order* or com-
of frregulag delivery may be received by
! , pietf up to 111 p. m. ■
Bote red at the PoetoOlce at Detroit a* aecond
.'■oam Mali natter.
. The use of the name of this corporation and
fts oMcera In any outside project Is unauthor
ised. All accredited buslnma representatives
carry and should bn required to show creden
tials Signed by Richard W. Reading, business
SATTRDAY. JULY I. 1914.
. a— 1 ■■■■— ■■■■»■■■— ,
“Wd will never bring disgrace to this our dtp
by any act of dishonesty or cowardice, nor ever
desert our suffering comrades in the ranks. We
Will light for the ideals and sacred things of The
city, both alone and with many; we will reverc\
and obey the city's laws and do our best to incite
and Uke respect and reverence In those above us
oho are prone to annul or set them at naught;
we will strive unceasingly to quicken the public's
Sense of civic duty. Thus In oil these ways we
totfl transmit this city not only not less but
greater, better and more beautiful than it was
transmitted to as.”— Oath of the Young Men of
Hie Crowd Around a
Drank—Some Who Were
There is a patrol box at the corner of
Grand River-ave. and Park-pl.
By the patrol box stood a policeman.
With a hand firripping the left sleeve of
Ms coat, the policeman held a man who
Around the policeman and his prisoner
there was a crowd.
It was the kind of crowd that always
collects quickly in the street
There were business men in it, profes
sional men, workingmen, boys and wo-
The drunk swayed back and forth on
hie pfa* during the wait for the wagon,
now and then expressing a derogatory
opinion of policemen and one policeman i
He applied several hard names to the
The policeman yanked the drunk
wound until he faced him and then cuffed
fiftw hard on a nose that was already
crooked from having been hit before.
“Shut up that kind of talk,” growled
“*Ball right, Mr. P’liceman,” drawled
Hie drunk. “ Tyou think you can make
that any crookederer than ’tis now,
two t *nother guess cornin’, see ?”
Stupefied by whisky, irresponsible for
Ids words, the poor devil had to take the
. He turned his pockets inside out and
they were empty.
His last cent gone, the saloon where he
had spent his money and made "a good
fellow of himself’ had probably put him
out into the street.
There an officer found him and ar
And, as we have said, a crowd collect
And, as we have said, there were all
aorts of persons in this crowd, even wo
men who didn’t move despite the vile talk
of the drunk.
The noticeable thing in connection
with this crowd, however, was in what it
looked— the fact of those who were NOT
The saloonkeeper who sold the drunk
his boose was not there—he had the
man's money and was no longer interest
ed, it seems.
The wholesaler who sold the booze to
the retailer was not there.
Probably out seeking the shade and
the fresh air in his limousine.
The brewer who made the beer that
was sold to the man and the distiller who
made the whisky that was sold to the
man—they were not there, either.
Out on their yachts, getting the cool
ing breezes, where they wouldn't be dis
turbed by drunken men, no doubt
The wagon came.
The officer pushed the drunk into it,
gad hustled him off to a cell in the sta
j Great idea:
i* RTs legal to make and sell enough of
Pfe stuff to make a man drunk.
fit* state approves of that.
KpiA If a man drinks enough of it to
make him drunk, THAT is AGAINST the
And the state locks the man behind
We wondered if the man had a wife
The Sequel Is Tears.
She that was Margaret Abercombie, spinater,
society belle of Frisco and pronounced b> Aft-si
Harrison Fisher to be ".the most beautiful girl
in California." I* in tears. . .
She married "Dr.’* Sherman Crawford, who 1*
now under charges of not being a nicely uni
formed young naval officer and a ho, on being
Jailed for bigamy, had in his pockets but >4 .
a powder puff and a small mirror.
Seems to-be another case of "the most beauti
ful girl” and the young social lion, .in<.. i
would be interesting to know bow many lives
are ruined by public flattery of artists and
others, including some publishers.
Any girl with any symptoms of beauty is vain.
Along comes some artist and pronounces her
the m>*»t beautiful." her picture gets into the
newspapers and all the vanity in her goes to
She receives scores of "mash letters, pro
posals of marriage and other verbal flattery until
she’s simply vanity-mad. and certain that she s
entitled to the pick of the men.
Mavbe. in her social sphere, the pick Is a
joung fellow who is swashing around In a uni
The uniform sort of obviates any necessity of
investigation of his antecedents or his invisible
means of support and, being he’s a social lion, he
naturally falls to the lot of "the most beautiful
There's no thoug• inching BTm,' before
marriage, to discover if he has anything save u
powder puff and a hand nurror.
It is simply a matter of "the most beautiful”
landing the most charming whom all the other
girls are after.
Vanity is the most tempting bait that's put
In villainy’s trap.
Parents who feed the vanity of their children
make a mistake.
When the feeding Is publicly done, the mis
take is very likely to be fatal. It Is nice, it Is ]
desirable to be beautiful, but when you hang 1
your beauty out in public, you can be sure that I
the daws will peck at it.
From Another Point ot View
By C. T. S.
Let’s see; what was it you were saying
about our cold summer?
* • •
At that, we doubt whether you ought
to change ’em.
• • •
OUR HOOKED LADDER DEPARTMENT
Mr. St. Clair advertises for a lost ladder.
Who’s got It? Somebody borrowed it. Re
turn it and no questions will be asked. You
can't climb to fame, wealth or heaven on a
ladder, particularly If it belongs to your
neighbor. Return the ladder.—Clinch Valley
News, Taxewell, Va.
• • •
A newspaper item says the peach crop
is not as good a£ last year. The man
who wrote that item hasn't been on
Woodward-ave. lately, we’ll bet.
* * •
The most prosperous salesman we ever
knew rang up “No Sale” oftenest.
WANTED —25 men to handle lumber. 3.'
cents per hour; money advanced for
meals. —From the liner page.
But that isn’t as lucrative a job as it
appears to be, YVe don’t know whether
it is still the custom, but it used to lie,
to deduct time for picking out slivers. It
was claimed by the employers that un
less they enforced that stipulation, the
men would wait until after hours and
then charge time and a half.
• • •
BECAUSE THEY’RE HERE
Cool and rainy davs decrying:
Long for -umnier day a-.-Mghing:
Well, they’re here!
Electric fan* are twirling;
Soda drinks a swirling
Please, sir, over here."
Picnic b -llis are ringing;
Come, your lunch box bringing,
Down to the pier;
Garbage pail a smelling,
To the Ice man veiling
"Another piece in here.”
Boys are lr. a swimming;
Girls "equiil rights” are singing
In the water clear;
Soldiers are a sweating;
On “no war” were betting;
Give a rousing cheer.
Old folks are a waking
Their wrinkled brows a-sopplng
Or a scalding tear;
Cool and rainy days decrying;
Long for summer days a-slghing;
Well, they're here!
• v •
A doctor down east says we sleep too
much. Os course this doctor, being down
east, doesn’t know, in our case, for in
stance, that we have one neighbor who
raises roosters and another who is just
beginning on the violin.
• • •
These Thing* Cannot Be True Becauae T. R. Haa
Not Yet Indorsed the Democratic
C. T. S. —Please answer the following ques
(1) Is It true that all theaters In Belgium
open their performances by singing Die
Vacht Am Rhine?
(2) Is It true that England Is secretly
sneaking ship loads of food Into Germany?
(3) Is It true that Kaiser William ter
minates all his prayers with the words Unt
lirber Got. boch den Wilson über alles?
(4) la It true that Villa has the words
and music of the star spangled banner past
ed In the crown of his hat ?
(5) Po you accept Vllllsta currency in
payment for publishing poems?
I have a large number to send you If the
rate Is not too high.
The foregoing information Is wanted for a
book of statistics soon to be published.
If only we could have met the Ath
letics in their present state those years
we had a chance for the pennant.
• m •
There are said to be 2,000 muscles in
an elephant’s trunk. Packed, very evi
dently, by a woman.
a a a
Our old friend, the Doc, says there may
be a cherry season but never a season
for swallowing the pits.
YVomen in Summer Furs Watching a Victim of Heat Prostration,
fCorjmftit. IS IS. t>_> H T Wrtitar >
“I’VE SEEN IT BEFORE”
•V H. ADDINGTON SHUCK
Author of “Tha Riddle of Personality ,** "Psychology and Parenthood.” etc.
There is a curious mental phenom
enon which has needlessly alarmed
many people. Ordinary scientists,
fond of jaw breaking words, call It
••paramnesia.” French scientists,
with their usual ability to coin tell
ing phrases, call it the phenomenon
of the "deja ru * or the "already
This phenomenon occurs when a
pei*on reading something for the
Irst time, or going to anew place,
•ft ej<v unaccountably familiar with
wliat he is rcadiug or 6e*mg. Puz
zled. lie exclaims to himself:
"Why, this Unit new to me at all.
I've keen it before."
Yet -* 11 the while he feels certain
that he has never seen It before.
There are many people to whom
this phenomenon never occurs. On
the opposite, there are some to
whom it is of frequent occurrence.
Commonly it occnrs to people only
once in a great while, but when
It does occur It always make a pro
found impression on the mind.
fccine people regard it as a super
natural, mystic occurrence. Thus,
one > oiuie woman who had a typical
\ieja vu” experience, relates it as
"Souk years ago. seeking employ
ment, I went to a city I had never
before visited. It was two hundred
rude* from my home.
"The moment 1 parsed out of the
railway station In that city, l was
startled at tlndmg myself *n a
square perfectly lamlllar to roe.
"I did not need to ask any ques
tions as to the direction I should
take I knew without asking that
I had only to tAke the street to the
left In order s o get to the main busi
"The feeling of familiarity persist
ed until i reached my new home, a
board in ehouse. Yet I certainly had
not been in that city before —at ail
event*, not in roy physical body.
"I have often found myself won
dering whether I might not have
visited It clairvoyantly In my ‘astral’
body, while my physical body was
asleep. Only In Ibis way can I ac
count for my strange experience.”
Actually, however, there 1* anoth
er and far simpler way of account
ing for It.
This simpler, and undoubtedly cor
rect, way would Insist that the
whole experience represents nothing
more than the unrecognized upsurg-
Every person should remember
that it is essential to health to
ventilate a bed
thrown off when
people sleep exactly as much as
when they are awake. Yet scores
of men and women forget appar
ently that there Is any need of an
exit for the impure breath or that
it Is essential to have a source of
On retiring the bedroom windows
should be raised from the bottom
and lowered from the top. If there
are two windows raise one from the
bottom and lower the other from
The Keep Well Column
Ing of memories of pictures and ac
counts of the city seen by the new
comer at some time previous to her
departure from home.
These may have been plcturee—
newspaper views, for example—and
accounts at which she had barely
glanced. But even a fleeting glance,
as every modem psychologist know*,
would be enough to make a lasting
impression on the mechanism of her
memory - .
This subconscious Impression
could be revived by association of
Ideas as aeon as she saw the city It
self Then. especially if she were
tired, a memory confusion might
readily result, to give rise to the
false feeling of having already been
in the city.
Most instances of ths "already
seen.” it may be said emphatically,
are thus explainable. They res* on
forgotten memories of things seen
or heard relating to the place that
one is visiting In person for the flrst
But sometimes not even this ele
ment of subconscious, forgotten
memories Is present. The experience
Is wholly Illusory, and la due to
faulty brain functioning.
I>et me add that though an occa
sional experience of this sort means
nothing In particular, repeated ex
periences Indicate a state of nervous
tension that ahould be looked Into
by a specialist In nervous and men
Let the People
Rule —and Write
Dry Northwest Makes a Qood
To the Editor of The Times:
I am reading your editorials with
pleasure and interest, and admire
your stand against booze. There is
something wrong with the people
of any place who uphold liquor, In
view of the statistics concerning It
Oregon and Washington are "dry.*'
and most excellent result* have fol
lowed. even though It Is only six
months along. Arrests for drunk
ennesa are leas than one-flfth; vag
rancy are In about the same propor
tion. the poor house la receiving
fewer people, many sheriffs of the
states *ay they have very little to
do. and merchants all over the state
the top. The one raised should he
toward the aide from which the
wind Is blowing. The lowered one
should be on the other aide.
If the room haa a window or
windows on one aide only. It la often
necessary to open the transom on
the other side of the room or per
haps leave the door open a few
Inches to create a current of air.
Do you make uee of the “lungs”
—of the city — the public parka?
Now that the weather la fine take
your share of the free fresh air.
Don’t let the other fellow beat you
out of the health-giving devices
which Dims Nature has provided In
lAr*»’ enough quantities to go
Joan or Arc could not read or
ar*» Rayln* how much better there
A local Iron works states some
interesting things about their work
men. Many of the skilled workmen
who are sober, are leaving San
Francisco and other places where
booze is sold, and are coming to
Portland where they can hare “dry”
surroundings. Some of the workers
in the same shop left Portland to
go to California, where they can
get booxe. and this class of u*4e
slrable citizens have left the State
but better citizens haw taken their
place. One washerwoman who has
done the laundry for some of the
employes of this shop in the past,
told them the other day that she
could not take their laundry any
more, and upon inquiry she said
her husband was bringing home his
check, and she did not hare to
work as she for nerly did when he
drank It up. One good workman
In the shop usually got drunk Sat
urday night, and did not show up
until about Wednesday morning,
losing two working days per week
on account of his llqnor habits. He
is now coming to work every day
The managers of logging camps
state that Saturday nights, where
they could get liquor they would
drink all of Sunday and did not
go to work until Monday afternoon,
on account of the liquor habit. Sav
ings bank deposits have Increased,
bread wagons announce there haa
not been as much stale bread re
turned to the bakeries as formerly,
and there is a better tendency for
better citizenship throughout the
I am amazed that reputable citi
zens will stand for a state con
trolled by saloonkeepers and graft
ers as your city seem* to be. You
should have the solid support of
every decent citizen of your city,
and I hope It will not be long be
fore they will recognize your work
in that community.
H. O. COTTON.
Portland, Oregon, June 29, 1919.
Live slowly if you would live long.
Sand I* one of the Important In
gredients in the eUxlr of success.
It’s hard for most of us to he good
when we have a chance not to be.
While the telegraph annihilates
time the mesaanger boy may kill It
If a man haa no show at home It
Is up to liim to patronize a circus.
Women with natursl curls are apt
to have a few kinks in their disposi
So, Maude, people who pay their
money at the gate are not given
Instea'd of harvesting hi* crop of
wild oats a wise man reform* and
th*y go to seed.
We always feel rorry for a natu
rally talkative woman who ha* an
impediment In her speech.
Some men rob widows and or
phan* nnd then try to square them
selves hy giving 10 per cent to the
A woman isn’t satisfied with a
purchase unless she can make her
self believe that she got more than
her money's worth.
It’s the contrariness of her sea
that causes a woman to love a man
after she thinks she has broken hla
heart hy not loving him.
The Ohio man who, at the age of
nlnety-thieo. too* unto himself a
wife is a living exnmple of the fact
that one never gets too old to be
The Daily Reminder j
KSt—llen Aksrcrviubls attacked
Fort TuonUei o|« amt wss rspuls*<l
17*S —Fitx-Gresne tlallsck, th*
Connecticut bookksspsr who wrote
tlio stfirlns martial poem. "Mart***
Boxer ns. ' born at Guilford, Ct I Mad
thsrs Nov. IS. lit?.
11l I—tiamalna of den. Montgom
ery. uttar raaiins <3 > ear* at Mu»-
bac. war# brought to New York and
tlacad m a monument in front ol St
a ill's chuivh.
IS.S —l‘ercy Bysshe Shalley, the fa
out peat, drowned off Leghorn.
Italy. Born in Surrey. Kngtand. Aug
IKS—The Italian army croaaed the
I'o river and invaded Venetia
MM—Grover Cleveland waa nomi
nated for president by the Democra
tic national convention at Chicago.
tins—The Ancient and Honorable
Artillery company of Boston was re
ceived by Queen Victoria at \t ind
ill!—lehani O. Harris. United
Stale* **natnr from Tenueesee. died
In Washington. D. C Born in Frank
lin county, Tenn., Feb. 10. till.
11)1—Admiral Dewar’s Vessels
took possession of lsla Grande. In
stub la bay. near Manila.
Mil Persia formally declared war
ills—Kli at women Justices in the
British empire were appointed in
ORE YEAR AOO TODAY IN
I-ast German forces In South Af
rica surrendered to Gen Botha.
Italy closed Adriatic aea In exten
sion of blockade.
Kusslan* surprised Austrians un
der Archduke Joseph Ferdinand and
Get mans, using clouds of poison
ous gas. gained ground on the War
Germany delivered to Ambassador
Geraiil her reply to the Amerlran
note of June I regarding submarine
Count Ferdinand von Zeppsltll. in
ventor of the alrahipa with which
Germany has raided Kngland. born
at Constance 74 years ago today.
John D Rockefeller. Standard Oil
magnate and one of the world e
wealthiest men. born at Itlchford. N
Y 77 years ago today
James B McCreary ex-U. R sen
ator and former governor of Ken
tucky. born in Madtson county. Kv ,
71 years ago today.
Andrew M. Route. president of
Georgia State College or Agriculture,
born at Hamilton. Gnt. 44 years ago
Dee <"*ruce, former governor of Ok
lahoma. born In Crittenden county.
Ky . 5.1 years ago today
Frank B Brandrgee. V P senator
from Connecticut, born at New I.on
don. Ct.. 52 years ago today.
Hear Admiral Willard M Brown
son. l r K. N.. retired, born at Lyons.
N Y.. 71 years ago today.
Justice Peter A Hendri ek of the
supreme court of New York, horn at
Penn Van. N Y.. 51 rears ago today.
Ivey B Wlngo. catcher of the Cin
cinnati National league baseball
team, born at Norcrosa, Go.. >6 years
A Poem a Day
LINCOLN. THE HAN OF THE
When the Norn Mother saw the
Greatenlng and darkening aa It hur
She left the Heaven of Heroea and
To make a man to maet the mortal
She took the tried rlay of the com
Clay warm yet with the genial heat
flashed through It all a strain of
Tempered the heap with thrill of hu
Then mixed a laughter with the seri
Into th» shape she breathed a flam*
That tender, t raglc. ever-changing
Here was a man to hold against the
A man to match the mountains and
tho a* a.
The color of the ground was In him.
the red earth.
The smack and tang of elemental
The rectitude and patience of the
The good-will of the rain that love*
Tha friendly welcome of ths wayalde
The courage of the bird that dares
The gladness of the wind that shake*
The pity of the snow that hide* all
The **< racy of tha streams that
make their way
Beneath the mountain to the rifted
The tolerance and equity of light
That gives aa freely to the shrinking
As to tha great oak flaring to tha
To the grave's low hill as to the Mat
That shoulders out tha sky.
Sprung from tha west.
The strength of virgin forests braead
The huah of apactous prairies stilled
Up from log eahtn to tha capltol.
One fire was on hla spirit, one re
To send the keen ax to tha root of
Clearing a free way for tha fast of
And evermore ha burned to do hla
With the fine stroke and gesture of
Ha rail pile as ha bn tit tha
Pouring hla splendid strength
through every blow.
The conscience of him testing every
To make his dead tha measure of a
Bo came tha oaptain with the mighty
And when the Judgment thunders
split the house.
Wrenching tha rafters from their an
He held tha ridgepole up, and spiked
The rafters of tha home. He held
Held the long purpose like a grow
Held on through blame and faltered
not at praise.
And when he fell In whirlwind ha
Aa whan a lordly cedar, green with
One* down with a great shout upon
And leaves a lonesome place against
The Old Gardener Saji
That tho squash borer Is al
most as cowardly a post as the
cutworm, which does Its nofart
ous work after nightfall. The
boror conceals Itself within the
stalks and foods away with Its
presence unsuspected until tho
leaves begin to wilt down. The
way to frustrate this unwelcome
visitor Is to covsr the vines with
earth at every other Joint or so.
Now roots will be formed at
these points and no great harm
will be doae If part of the plant
SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1916
Conscience and Efficiency.
•Y DR. FRANK CRANE
(Cop>right. 1915, hy Frank Crane)
\N hen in the course of evolution man
appeared on the earth he became «u
--preme, he mastered all the other animals.
Those he could not use he exterminated.
That was because he had brains. ’
Men fought with each other, like
beasts, until there "us developed in them
the force we call conscience. With con
science came the possibility of social life,
organized companionship, and co-opera
tion; in other words, civilization.
Conscience is the faculty by which we
sense right and wrong. In proportion to
its presence the general welfare of man
kind rises; in proportion to its absence
men tend to disintegrate, to destroy the
products of their own organized energy,
and thus revert to the brute.
Man differs from the beast in that he
is improvable. The beast begins where
his father began; the man begins where
his father left ofl*, thus making contin
Man’s progress has been amazing. He
has built cities, accumulated knowledge,
created art, multiplied inventions. And
in all these directions his work has been
permanent only as it has been subject
to the check of conscience.
Not force but justice is the secret of
This we recognize aa to individuals; as
to organizations (parties, nations, cor
porations, etc.), we do not sufficiently
acknowledge the necessity of conscience
to permanence. lienee twentieth century
The lie of lies is that conscience need
not bind organizations, that there is one
morality for the individual and another
for the group.
Organization may be a good thing, the
way out of barbarism, the means of en
riching and beautifying human life. Or
it may be a most deadly and damnable
All in accordance with the growth of
group conscience keeping step with group
For instance, co-operation in business
makes possible the enormous wealth of
modern times. Hut the great combina
tions turn and destroy the people when
there is no combination conscience.
Labor unions are helpful until they get
the notion that the organization of la
borers may rightfully do deeds of vio
lence that would be wrong in a private
Cities grow corrupt there is
no civic conscience. While aldermen, as
individuals, would not lie, cheat, and rob,
yet as a party or council they think they
may do these things.
One man may not murder his fellow.
If he does he is hanged. Dut an army of
men may murder and bum, and consider
Right here is the breaking point in
civilization. Where there is collective
efficiency but no collective conscience
efficiency begins to devour itself.
We must get over supposing conscience
to be merely a Sunday school affair, a
matter of being nice and good and pretty.
It is a matter of life and death.
It is as essential to progress and power
as brains and organization and force are.
Without it efficiency rots.
The first twenty centuries of Chris
tianity applied conscience to the individ
ual. Yet it was supposed that to tha
state, the church, the corporation, and
the union, conscience did not apply.
We see the result. Europe is destroy
ing her civilization in an orgy of suicide.
America is beaded for the breakers be
cause we have built up communal effi
ciency without communal conscience.
We cannot cheat destiny. The wages
of national, corporate, organized sin is
also death, as much more terrible than
individual destruction as the organization
is greater than the man.
Socialism may come, in one form or an
other, but unless it is accompanied by a
socialized conscience it will simply mean
greater, wider, more appalling ruin.
The church cannot go on preaching
Jesus to individuals and Macchiavelli to
At last the high gods weary of such
stupidity and send the deluge.
Did you hare anythin* in your garden thla
Oh. ye*, several varieties.
What, for Instance?
Oh, Plymouth Rocks nnd Leghorn*.—Judge.
"Tour son Is a product of the university, I
take It?" saJd the polite visitor.
"A sort of by-product,” replied Mr. Selph
msde "He was fired out of three of them."—
A process invented bv an Italian chemist for
eytraetlng essential oils from citrus fruits Is
said not to affect the chemlral properties of the
oils In any way, and It Is predicted that It
eventually will resolutlonlze the Industry.
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