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DETROIT TIMES •wMlfbad »T#rf •vanlna aicapt Sunday by tLa Detroit Tinas Cos.. 7*-7t-77 liadtrift fwbacrlpiton Kata* II y oarrlar. II casta a non IS. 91 a /aar. By lull, |l par yanr. payabla la *4**ooo. T*lapbona~-Main 4110, counacting all depart - manta diva Tunas' operator naino us department •r parson wanted. Subscription orders or cum plaints of Irregular delivery may be received by phone up to C.lO p. in Kntarad at the Postofflce at Datrxlt as second class mail matter. „—-s The use of the name of this corporation and " ft* >*4ttcurs In any outside project is unsuth r l*ed (Ail accredited business repreaentati vn carry and should b» required to si', w craden tlala *lgn« and by Richard W. Reading, business managar THURSDAT. AUGUST S. 2PI« The Island Was Bought, Aid. Allan, For a Play Spot, And NOT For a Shambles The attention of Alderman Allan’s con stituents in the Fourth ward is called to his opposition to Alderman Littlefield's proposal that the use of Belle Isle by motorists be restricted to the outside boulevard drives. Alderman Allan's position is antagonis tic in spirit to the public playgrounds sentiment in Detroit. The public playground is the quick and sure solution of fatal accidents to chil dren in the streets. Belle Isle, properly restricted against motorists, would offer the children not only a place that would provide good, fTash, pure air for the lungs in their de veloping bodies, but a place where they eofcld play without the street dangers that have come with the motor age. This is the ONE spot where children might go for their recreation and for the •It the auto can take one to, while the drives open to autoists are many—as many as there are streets and boulevards ill the dty and roads in the state. Alderman Allan voted with the wets In the common council recently when the matter of publicity for the proceedings of the council was an issue. His position against keeping the autos Ml Belle Isle DOWN, when they should, as g matter of fact, be kept off altogether, •hows him to be so woefully lacking in an appreciation of his duty and interest in his constituents and the common people, that we do not blame him for wanting the proceedings suppressed. Belle Isle was acquired by the city of Detroit for the people of the Fourth ward — for tired mothers and fathers and their children. The Times appreciates that there are drivers, and that they are in the great majority, who could safely be permitted the use of the island drives, but the trou ble is that opening the island to them, opens it also to fool drivers, in whose hands the auto becomes a thing of death. By restricting all autos we would take the only means of precaution against the fool’s motorized dreadnaught. Aid. Allan’s proposal would turn the breathing, the beauty and the play spot which we claim the grandest in the world, into a shambles, and it amounts to a sacrilege. Faithful Soldiers at Their Posts, Though Far From the Battlefields The hot wave is broken and the suffer ing people breathe with gratitude the cooling air which a merciful Providence has sent to them. So intense was the heat, so serious its consequences, that it was borne with for titude and almost without complaint by men, women and children, even, in the different walks of life. The demands on certain industries, such as laundries, ice plants and milk depots, speeded up the workers beyond ttieir normal output and nowhere did any one suffer through the cessation of acti vities on account of lack of people to face the situation and put their shoulders to ; the wheel. ft l. Every one deserves a little praise for his manly courage in the face of such a }'■ torturing handicap, but there is no doubt | that some deserve more respectful ap preciation than do others. Battles with guns and bayonets are not ’ the only battles fought. While giving all credit to the soldier fc. who marches forth to the life and drum to save his country, let us not forget the soldier who stands at his post in the foundries of this city, pouring molten steel into molds, ladling lead from seeth ing cauldrons, stripped to the waists with, head bound in wet cloths and for whom the slightest vertigo and misstep would mean an instant, horrible death, j Nor must we forget the man on the j dizzy heights of a steel structure, step ping from beam to beam and placing hot : rivets while the pitiless sun beat* its mer ciless rays upon himnor should we over i look the men and women in laundries, of ten underground, almost choked in hot and soapy steam, toiling that others M may be fresh, clean and in in all things sani ' tary; nor is the cook in the tiny kitchen behind the cafeteria lunch counter and the washer of endless dishes to be forgot ten. nor the women caring for sick babies , in the crowded rooms of the tenements. Equality for all is a high ideal, but it has not yet been achieved. Between these toilers and the men and women who can sit fanning themselves by country lakes or even in t ie partial comfort of darkened city homes, is a deep abyss. The melting pot is seething in Amer ica. We are constantly reminding our selves of it and fearful lest the product i may not be distinctly according to the Declaration of Independence, but let us take toll of the deaths from heat in this and other cities since July 11. We will lie confronted by a list of foreign names. Poles, Hungarians, Russians. Serbs, all j dying while doing our work, the work which had been given them to do and by which we have profited. These are the people whom we wish to Americanize, but they have gone a step beyond; they are internationalized, for they have given their live.- to stand by their duty, \tha* ‘v-.:r it might be, that no part of the machinery, which make> for the health, prosperity and general good of this nation might be even tem porarily interrupted. We feel abashed and humbly take off our hat to these our faithful, loyal workers. The Deutschland The daring and successful voyage of the Deutschland; the cool and modest behavior of her commander and crew and the glamor of ad venturoua romance thrown about this unprece dented act of the German* against the odds of 'he British nary tn the midst of this most ter rible war. has found a response in she emotional breast of the American who. almost to a man. anxiously hopes that this pioneer ship and her doughty captain will make their way across the ocean, through the channel or over rhe north of Scotland, whatever her course ma> be. in safety. We can see. In imagination, the ovation await ing her if she reaches her ca’ive shores un harmed. We are more than neutral m this case; we are pro-Deutschland We must, in ali fairness, our admira tion to the science, skill and bravery of a land and people who have the brain- and c urtge to successfully achieve and again dare a thing of this kind. We are not niggardly of our praise when we are approached In the right wav, and we believe that the visit of this little boat, trusting to our protection, has done more than has anything else to bring about a better fee.mg and under standing between us and the Gem tn people So we say, God speed to the I leutschland. Could she carrv American ntlk to the suffer ing bab.es of Germany, we shouid b<- 'hankful. * cmld she carry comfort from America to her bereaved people, we should be doubly glad We. of this country have no quarrel with the German people. Too many of them belong to us to make that possible. Our real feeling, shorn of bitterness, has been Joyfully shown on the first occasion which has been offered y.s; the virgin tran»-A f.lan tic voyage of the l' boat. From Another Point ot View By C. T. S. England has prohibited the importa tion of tulip bulbs from HollanH ami they are being fed to the cows. It takes a bit of the romance out of that love song, of course, but we have to suggest it’s tulip time in Holland now when a cow wants her dinner. 0 n 0 The Parisian wouldn’t care, probably, if our old friend Disastrous Blaze would decide to try some other laundry. 0 0 0 Tins might be the place to announce that Dewitt Steele and Max Zink have engaged in a lawsuit to iron out their dif ferences. 0 m 0 There are a lot of fellows who will never have their auto* rammed in the rear, for the reason, principally, that they’ve always got their hands out. • • • The advertisement of a Detroit con cern announces; “We Kill Bugs.” Come on and set up your machine Just outside the door of the editorial room. * • • A Detroit woman suggests that th** tunnel from the jail to the recorder’.-! court i»e called the “Passage of Hope,’’ forgetting, of course, tl at the prisoner* come back through it after their lawyers are through. e a * Any of the visiting chiropodists will tell you that then is not necessarily a shark present, when a l ather is caught by the undertow. 0 0 0 When do WE get a crack at the Ath letics? DETROIT TIMES Sortir»tr Out the Bait. ■- x - ;:. ;:. W' v v /•■j I / The supef/vie: tfst J - V ' lCo,.’vct" 016. M T / THE VALUE OF IDEAS BY H. ADDINGTON BRUCE Author of The Riddle of Personality." "Psychology and Parenthood,' *to. The next time you use a tele phone put to yourself the question. "How did this come into existence?” A moment s reflection will give you tne correct answer 'it is a product of the human mind. It is the result of an Idea ’ And what about the telegraph, the steam engine, the mammoth ocean liner, the mysterious en -anguined submarine? What about the giant skyscraper towering to the clouds' How came Into being the airship sljwly cir cling far above the pinnacle sky scraper? Always the answer is rhe same: "These, too. are products of the human mini. They are the results of ideas.” Young man starting in life, get •hi- truth firmly fixed in your con sciousness Ponder It well. Every »t»p forward In this won derful civilization of ours, every con poetess. represents an .d*-a which somebody has once had. Stone or gossamer, massive or light, cumbrously complicated or daintily o‘autiful. every material object that marics our advance over tae life of our cave dweli.ng anres tor-i had an immaterial origin in sorr* one's m.nd Bu' the Ideas that thus blossom :n - o the material triumphs of mar, sr- not ideas that flash up in man * mind out of sheer nothingness. True. 'h*y often do seem 'o come pontaneously. Sometimes they even (.( m>- while the man with whom t > orlginatt is asleep. Thus in a city of the Pacific coast th* re is a rerr.aikable office build . :.g of unique d»‘*:gn Its architect h.is written to me an interest ing account of how the whole plan of th* building rose in his mind in a ir*am. Surely this would seem to be a cas*> wher* an idea came from r,o difcernlbie beginning and entirely of Its own accord But observe: For months this architect had b**n wTe«*!.ng wi'h the problem of designing: a skyscraper that wuold meet the Hper-lal n*eds of those who bad g:v*n him his commission. Plan af**r plan bad be«-n laboriously worked out by him. only to meet with his disapproval. Ills dream, th* idea which later be, ame transformed into the sky «•' raper if»*if was simply the frui The Keep Well Column DEVELOPMENT. Many young mothers do not know h« sign wl ereby they cun tell if baby is develop j ir.g properly. The following ■r tha leading , srar* erlatloa of . normal baaltby baby; Clean akin, right eye*, steady **ln In weight, good appetite. regu lar bowel movement, absence of vomiting after feeding, alert, springy mind**, sound • i •*»» p at tht proper parlod*. and a steady growth In atature and Intelligence The soft sp ot In •he top of hahy'a h«*ad will begin to Hose at rhe four teenth month and will be entirely cloned h j the time h« la two years old About *he fourth month baby should begin *o hold up his hand tlon. In the workshop of hi.* suborn sclousaese. of the van amount thinking he had consciously don - If, in these Intervening ra< he had not consciously turn and r his problem in hie mind —if :. 1. and given his attention to useless, ,• r haps frivolous things—he nrv.-r would have dreamed to such good purpose. Young man starting in life. app,y this also to your own ca#e It wMll not do to imagine that yo i can become a topnotcher in your chosen profession or trade merely by wishing to become one. Nor will mere routine energy avail you. To get to the top you must dis play creative imagination; you must develop in your mind ideas that ar*- really worth while. And the development of such idea* depend* in chief p;,rt on per sis'enr. bard thinking about the prollem* incidental to the work u which you are engaged. The world will reward you ..her aiiv i' you do d*vej,;, valnabi ideas But you assure.liy run-' nlnk J In order to develop >deas deserving ! of a rich rewaru ! ~ Pointed Paragraphs An examining optician is an ey.» w itne»S On.’v a good neighbor can appr« j ciate good neighbors. A conceited man Is unable to se* ! his persona! defects Some men who give with on»- hand advertise it with the other. 1 And many a man's belief in bis superior wisdom makes a fool of i him. The average man seldom cares whether the truth does hurt —the I Other fellow. Open the door to a little vice and a big one will crawl in at the win dow-. No. rordelia, a bee is not neces sarily as angry when It stings as th* vicMm Is. Be s,re the gun Is loaded befor< attempting to teach the young id*i bow to shoot. It is far better to lead a proces sion than to follow It—unless the I leader rides In a black wagon with I glass windows and by the sixth month to reach for his toyt. Df the Mme a normal baby Is atght months old ha usually can ait •root and hold tha spina upright, whila at tha ninth or tenth month b« will maka his first attempt* to baar bis waight on hla faat. A saw words ganaraJly cyi r>« spoken whan baity la one yaar old and by tha flftaanth or slxt**»rith month ha ran walk alone. Baby should not h* merely a hnndin of fat—particularly in warm wea'her, Ffa should be alert, lively and his fl»ah firm to tha touch In »t*r*d of soft and flabby Tha h*ad of tha public works da parrrent In Duluth has appointed lb of tha city's most promlnant civil and mechanical engineers to serve as an advisory board for his department. l>y Webster. The People’s Confidence Whatever *•;**• the national ron vn’lons de ded last month. the> fixed the character of the prealden • ii campaign once and for all In • hi.i r* .«p» « r It 1« to be a contest b--** two Mi'-iAiidin* personal! ties, conducted «>n a high level and with less ref-*ren'** than formerly »o t irtj lin<*s and traditions I>e*i than *v. r before In our history, since the time of Washington, will m»*n L- c.-'ved to vote for either of •he candidates merely because he ;s a Democrat or a Republican Th-re a- 1 - literally millions of Am»r •< an voters this year who mar b« led by the developments of the cam paign to -up; »rt on*- or other of rh.* <in iid t' s w .thoi.it regard to tht past, or present party affiliations ..f »‘ther It *a;l not i>c any party ptarfom. or prop icarda 'ha 1 will le •ermine *h v< •• now doubtful if will b‘- the itid ■ dual character of each ranl.LV* .. It is «fcn to react to the national problems of •he hour The convention- th'in •*! v * s ts *re s.mply organis'd r r 1 1» . te* to the • • 'Polities of the r»*-r. 'h*y norn iria'-'i At S’ Ixiuis. ffc-rnooracy voiced <t* c* nf: lenee In the first r n ■ craMc ndm nit ration that had completely controlled the national governn I n’ sinco the t’lvll war It It-.' and-• V .•.» in the things that bv‘ fceen ; I ;nf.• and and done at Wash t’lfc’ n and *-ndor *d sh« reasons that ►.l bferi gl’cn - doing them. R v.'i- : Viral ’hi* Pres*d**nt Wilson, a t • ,lar nrd actual lead* r of his parte bon Id have iece|ve<l the te«e tlr.i* r al of a renomlnatlon at the hands of a grateful party, but as a personal distinction • the naming of I > Hughes by the Republicans at < hlcago In the preceding week »a c even more signifeant In all o .r 120 years of party divisions, this was probably the first Instance in which, a* a time of real crisis In national affairs, a man was serious !y proposed for the presidency whose views on current issues wore unknown to the public. The amazing feature of the epb sode was *liat It came as the cul mination of a brief 10 year• of pub lic life, six of which had been passed in retirement * from every form of political activity That a national party, with so scant an op portunity to test a candidate, should yet be willing to place it* fate In his hands, without pledge or hoo tage of any kind attests that can didate’s command of popular confi dence in a most exceptional degree. From "Charles K. Hughes as a Political • Figure,” by William B. Shaw, In the American Review of Reviews. The man who marries a widow seldom says anything about his wife’s first husband, but there are times when he regrets his demise. The Old Gardener Say* Potatoes need spraying for two purposes to kill »he potato bugs I | »nd to prevent blight. Bordeaux | mixture combined with arsenate i of lead may b« put on with a | spray pump Arsenate of lead mixed with *lusflng sulphur may he applied with a powder gun or one of the patent preparations on the market may he dusted or direct from the hox In which It Is purchased. It* Is well to re member that simply killing th* hugs Is not sufficient, for If th» potatoes are affected with blight they will rot in the cellar. THURSDAY* AUGUST 3 V 1916 The Daily Reminder TODAn AM MITERS A NIKS ITS*—Command In the Highlands of tbs Hudson, with tbs works st IV*st Point, was gtvsu to Gsu Hens dlot Arnold. I*ll—U*n. John Eugsns Smith, a Clstluguishsd Union oommandsr In tbs Civil ws4\ born In Bsrns. Swlts •rland Disd In Chicago Jan 2*. HIT. IMl—War bstwsen Belgium ami tbs Netherlands begun lIM* —Eugsns Bus. noted Trench author of melodramatte Action, died in Savor. Born In Parts Deo. 10. I|o 4 XMS--Pemoornte of Maine nomin ated Ebon F. Ptllsbury for governor llTS—The Cuban privateer Tlonser was seised by the U. 8 marshal at Newport. R. L, for violation of the neutrality laws. 1171- .Lord Beasonsflsld and Lord Salisbury wars presented with the freedom of the city of London. lsll —RL Kev. Kullan riasch. sec ond Oathcllo bishop of La Crosse died In La Crosse, Wla. Born In Bavaria July if. 1 Ilf. IMS—fourth centenary of the sailing of Columbus from Palitp. near Huslva, oalsbrated at Muslva il#t->4tandard Oil Cos was fined 111.145.00 t In U. 0. district court in Chloago for accepting rebates 1 til—Admiral Togo, of the es# navy, arrived In Kew York on a visit to Jho United States. lllS—Twasity-five lives were lost Ka Sood result lug frotn a cloudburst . Erin Fa. OMR nua AGO TODAY IN THB WAR dtnsau slsJmsd gams north of Warsaw and west of tvangorod Paris reported failure of Oermsn attacks In tbs Argonns end the Vos ges British won oreet of rldgs nesr western ehors of Gallipoli peninsula British government charged Am erican meat packers with frsud In their claims before prlie court TODAY'S llßlHim* King Ran Iron VII. the pr*»«n’ ruler of S’ormy. bom la Denniark «« years ago today. K'ns Constantins the present ruler of Greece, born In Athens 4* years ago todav. Pari of Aberdeen, former govern>r general of Canada born «• years ago todar Alfred Dsakin. former prime min ister of Auetmlla born In Melbourne I * ears ago today Baron Mersey, famous KnrVsh Jur »f who conducted the offl.-Tel lnv*« t MVtlons Into the sinking of the - , <-iinsh!ps Titanic. Fmpress of Ire lend and I.usltanla born 74 ye*-, ago today Dr Augustus H. Strop* president emeritus of Rocheete- The.>|, a *1 *»*mlnarjr. born in Rochester. N T . year, ago today O'istavus Gets utility tnflelder of the Brooklyn National league bass ball team, born In Pittsburgh 57 years ago today A Poem a Day Tltr WAY Out fr- *r *he sh<*:t*-lng. uulet home Sh* walks upon the »tr»st. Mayhap «->me duty to psrf rm •it <>id-tlme friend to m**t Stepping slow hut surely. ■S*• e k*•i >» » the gait tha* pays). We Ar-,d her stsndtng s*juarely At the ri-.slng of the wave Now > - er f-er calm dew-anor A «•'enge .» ,u'-klv ••-sling W'lth ?—a c and ’r'-’nlillng t > th rl gh t. .•he turns a 1 • k appealing Strenkßg hither, thlt'-er. y> nder, M 1 h nk:ng« shrieks and shrills Her pathway she seas flooded With f..ik In automobiles Th- ugh w'*h t atlenrs *h- Is waiting, W at. h rg oft the trnffle men bur»,y el! r,u** surrender* 1 T < the passing caravan. Ore word to you. dear lady Ratia-e your steps we prav F r iju;. < and age. at the present siag- Tl--e's no safe wav today —Anonymous. The Religious Vendetta. M: over th** country secret orgnri iikUtirg ar*» boycotting Roman <*a*h oil*' aspirants to office. In retails •lon, Roman fgthollc* are boycotting bus 1 nhas men who are auppos»**l or known to belong to fhoae secret organizationg This means lh** "Pread of sugplclon and dlstruat and ItAfred It g*-ncrof«*s a vicious social ar archy Political and huglne-s blackmail flourishes Innocent men are punished for opinions they do not hold. There Is a revel of a kind of a. saaslnatlon A country wide re i icious feud la set In operation All of which la un American This Is supposed to be a land of religious liberty f*reed.tl Intolerance and bigotry poison life 2 They murder charity and brotherllnesa It la sad denlng »o aee this condition Intensi fying For It means a great going backward to haae, Ignoble thinys. I wlah everyone who Is in danger of being Involved In thla atavistic movement might read ”A History nf Freedom of Thought,” by Prof J H. Bury, regloa professor of modem history tn Oambrtdgw university, in Henry Holt ft Co.’s Home University IJhrary. Therein Is told the story of the long battto between authority and reason and the atrocities grow lng out of attempts to coerce opin ion. It la almost unbelievable that sane Americans went to revert to those cruelties so long, aa we thought left behind When we read of the things for which, and the ways In which, men have beer pro scribed. mutilated, murdered— for matters of fslth regarding things of the other world—end we find men of the twemtleth centory preverting to the perseewtional Iniquities of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, she thing Is preposterous. Are we going back to barbarism with our Catholic-baiting, our Jew-balttng. not to mention our Negro auto da fee' Dost any rational human being be Here that creedal vendettas advene** the cause of anything that can be properly celled religion, that there’s any love of Ood In hatred of man* The beat men for heart nnd brain and character In the country arc engaged In this secret, skulking wort (ft social disruption. Those who knew what Is bast know that without religious freedom we cannot well preserve any other freedom Down with all forma of religious dart lantern lam ’ Reedy’s Mirror. Bt r*oulß, Even wtfh his remarkable mem ory the oldest Inhabitant falls to re call that he has inflicted his rem iniscences on ererybody he knows The Middleman. # BV DR. FRANK CRANE (Copyright, 1810. by Frank Crane) This is the world of the Middleman. The Middleman does not produce; he is only the Messenger boy who carries the products of men from one to another. He does not Make; he Distributes. In the increasing complexity of civili zation, as society Incomes more and more highly organized, the business of distrib uting the products of labor become* con stantly more important; until now at last the Messenger lioy has become Hoss, the Waiter gives orders to the Diners, and the C ouriers control the Kings. If we accept money as the unit of value, then the most valuable man to the community is not the man who raiies the wheat nor the one who grinds or bakes it, but the man who carries it from farmer to miller, parcels it out among consumers and manipulates the price. It is not the tillers of the soil, nor the miners of metal, nor the builders of things, that are promoted to our Upper House; it is they who form companies and sell stocks that have to do with handling what the producers put forth. It is not the creator who becomes Plutocrat or Aristocrat, and never has been in the history of the world; it is the man in the tenth degree removed from any creation. It is not the Players, but the Shufflers and Dealers, who never lose. So long as you measure success by dol lars. you must realize that success is only for the Middleman. Ho gets the cream; nil political econ omy and business system has for its sub conscious aim to give the man who makes things only skim milk and curd enough to keep himfff.i f . That is the meaning of Kthcieney ('ampaigns. No corporation is designed to enrich the workers, but the directors and pro motors. Just as it is never the common soldier, but the generals, who get the medals from congress w hile they live and monuments when they die. All the sol di* r docs is starve, suffer and get killed; the general tell-* him when and how to do this. In spite of all this the conviction re mains in men’s breasts that the Middle man is Second Class; he is and always will be a Mes'cnger Roy, whether he gild his office by the title of king or million aire. The Fir*t Class people are they that rente. Theirs is the higher order of •ffort and the nobler kind of life. And whoever will enter this First Class, choosing to make instead of to manipulate, must, if he hopes for any permanent atisfaction with his lot and joy in his work, put away from himself, •nee for all, the craving to be rich, and h gauds and precedences that rich men delight in. No w orker can bo great unless he loves his work, and n >t th*- rewards of it; nor ran ho he happy while he envies the foxy tpomnhs of the Middleman. To he a good teacher, preacher, doctor, scholar, engineer, farmer, steamboat oaptain. painter, sculptor, poet, writer or any such thing you cannot at the same time be a good Middleman. The two call ings require separate orders of ability. You must make your choice. And don’t whine You cannot he a great Shakespeare if you envy my lord i Bolingbroke. nor a great Goethe if you feel hurt because you are not the Duke of Weimar. And if you can be a First Clnsser. why (should you pine to be a Second Classer, ijust for daintier foods and gayer feath ers? To be of the First Class you must be converted, so that you will he content with the Treasures of the Humble; must indeed learn the sweet taste of Humility and the nauseous tang of Pride. If you cannot do that, go away and l>e a Mid dleman, and if successful become pom pous and idle, or, if unsuccessful, bitter and hateful. Always the Virtues of mankind flow from the Creating Class, its Vices from the Middleman Class. Every Church, every Religious oMvement, began among workers; the original Catholics comprised “not ninnv wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble,” and the same may be said of the early Presby terians, Methodists and the rest. What spiritual impulse ever lx*gan in Upper Tendom? So make your choice. There are two classes, not Good and Had, not Aristo crats and Commons, but a deeper divi sion, those who Hove Work and are called of God to it. finding the joy of life and •Hf-expression through Producing some thing. and on the other hand those who love the Wages of Work, and find joy in Destruction, either in the rot of Luxury or the riot of War. Or, von mii'M say, those who want to Re groat, and those who want to be r ‘nllod Great. Th*- Middleman has his uses and de serves pay for his services, but we of f ho First Class must not let him dAi de 11s. « VALVE FROM STVMPS Bv m**sns of nn apparatus (P-scrlhed in tfia mrrnit Isswr of tha Knsltiaorln* Kwnrd, tha stumps nf fr**<*s l**ft aftar lopping operations In lass plna tlmbaf lands, have he*»n ronvartrd from s sourca of expense Inin an nsant, Tha davlca Is In tha shape of h h«»od that arts over the stump and distills as murh as 17 gallon* of heavy plna oil from It. The process converts tha stump itself Into a fin*' grade of charcoal and destroys It far anouph underground *o per mit plowing— Oil t’lty Derrick Tommodorr Decatur, after whom many towns wero named, and who once remarked, ”Our country, right or wrong." was killed in a duel wfth Fommodors Barton, Mareh 11, UJo.