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The Detroit times. [volume] (Detroit, Mich.) 1903-1920, April 18, 1917, NIGHT, Image 1

Image and text provided by Central Michigan University, Clark Historical Library

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83016689/1917-04-18/ed-2/seq-1/

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Save for Country and Self
Save your time and your ayaa by reading Tha Tlmaa.
Taras sty la; tha whola story on on# paga; net
a superfluous Una on any paga. Largs typa.
■ n m mm h^^.
liSiEi MmMsM piigg|m IMBBISa
m mm
mm WBM
Nivelle’s Men Are Now
Within Two Miles
of Laon
AFIELD. April 18. —Captures
by the British army sines April
9 In this great push gained the
vast total of 14.000 man and
X 27 guna today.
Thara Are still more stream
ing back constantly from tha
Around Len*‘apd %t. Quant In
Fisld Marshal la strstch-
Inga tight nooao—and Increas
ing tha prassura every hour.
PARIS. April ]| —Franco la
loosening the grip of the Invader on
har soil. Battering blow* struck be
wlldarlngly fast and mixed with
countless feint* all along the Arras
to Rheima front by Hrtil»h and
French troops are shaking the Hln
denburg line. Today It Was France’s
turn to strike the most powerful
blows—and Gen. Nlvelle’s men forc
ed their way to within sight of Laon.
"Despite the weather and the
great difficulties of transporting
heavy gun*, the French offensive is
progressing In the moat satisfactory
manner." declared Jules Gambon, of
the foreign office, speaking for tha
government today.
"The Germans have been forced
to transfer troops from the British
and Belgian fronts to aid their de
fender* on the Una of battle.
“The French are confident of tha
successful Issue of tha offensive."
{Staff Carrru pr-w dent United Prete )
TN THE FIELD. April IS.—All of
Germany’s hold on France waa
menaced today by the world's most
titanic offensive.
It Is a struggle between Von Hln
den burg and the master strategists
of the Franco British . staffs, on a
buttle scale undreamed of before.
France'a part In this greatest of
all drives waa preceded by the
greatest bombardment in Its his
tory. The artillery roar began Frl
day. Millions of shell* hurled over
the lines dally The French marks
manship waa so deadly that the
Aral German prisoner* caught In
the Infantry sweep forward de
clared of their companies of 280
men the average that survived waa
onlv *0 each.
The *<idd< n Franco Rrltlsh drive
shattered Germany':* hopea to avoid
a spring offensive by retreating
France’s onslaught Is on too gi
gantic a scale over this 100-mlle
front to permit anyone to visualise
the titanic struggle in Ita entirety
But from the creat of one hill
ct?W could see during one stage of
the great struggle an Incident that
strikingly reveal* tha French
strategy no leas than the reaaona
for the Germans' tremendous losses
Title one Incident waa France's fast
In wresting one of the Germans’
strongest defensive positions from
the enemy.
The position consisted of a vil
lage surmounting a precipitous ra
vine. The bank of this ravine was
honeycombed with caves hewn out
of solid stone, treacherously dug
outcry excavation* ind shafts. Th*
Germans bad stationed their ma
chine gnna there—strongly fortified
In the rock which French artillery
rould not pierce From the Impreg
nable quarries below the village the
German Infantry waited confidently
the expected frontal attack from
the French,
Two columns of French Infantry
suddenly began an encircling move
ment from the right and from the
left. Every movement of tbeae
forces was visible to tha naked eya.
The soldier* advanced at almost
a strolling pace along the summit
of two converging ridges. Their
-bodies were clearly silhouetted
against the sky.
» Neither a veritable cloud of shrap
"which hung low over their
heeds nor explosive barrages
j nor gali shells hindered the alow,
measured advance of these forces
for a single instant.
Not until both these columns
simultaneously approached the out
skirts of the village did the Ger
mans bidden In the quarry—still
awaiting that frontal attack—real
ise they had been "out-Hlndenv
Instantly they rushed out thalr
machine guna In a desperate at
tempt to cover a retreat. But they
were too late. French converging
j columns met behind the village.
They cut off all retreat. The Ger
mans did not relish an attempt to
cut their way thru. They hurried
1 and returned to the protection of
[ the rock caves. And the French
columns, ignoring their existence
and leaving their ultimate capture
to other troops, sw-ept on to the
east from the village, penetrating at
every step deeper Into the German
Hiram Johnson A Luo Thinks
Bill God* Mach
Too Far
claring It "arras the administration
with dangerous powers to suppress
the freedom of the press." Senator
Ix>dge in senate debate today bitter
ly attacked the pending espionage
bill—particularly the newspaper
censorship provision
| Ix>dge defended "free comment
and just criticism" and aald only
”new§ of value to enemy” should be
The bureau of public Information
—newly created to disseminate gov
ernment news—also came In for op
position by Ix>dge, who said It was
i "dangerous to place In the hands
of those moat llkaly to receive
criticism the power to auppress It ”
Hiram Johnson, concurring, said:
"We should pause, lest In our anx
iety for democracy abroad, we forget
our democracy at borne "
"I think attempts to deny the
rresa all legitimate criticism either
of congress or of the executive, la
going very dangerously far/* aald
Ig»dge "If ws are going to pass
a bill Ilk* this, I think It would not
do to deny the right of legitimate
*‘l hava not tha least desire to
Interfere with the punishment of
those who usa the freedom of the
press for the Injury of the United
States, hut It Is going a long way
beyond that when you put power
in the handa of the executive to
punish with the heaviest penalties
any legitimate criticism which eon
reya no Information of value ."*
Conflicting Reports of the Great Newsboys’ Spring Offensive Against
the News and Journal
April 18 For several day* the pub-
Ilr has observed the absence of
evening paper* on sale in the down
town atreeta due to the refusal on
the part of downtown newsboys to
bundle them.
Every effort baa been made on the
part of The New* to settle the dtf
ference between the newsboys
and the papers, without avail.
The newsboys have demanded that
The Newt shall sell for 2c a copy.
The News, and one other even
!ng paper, realising condlutlons
which surround the coat 'of publi
cation well warrant a 2c paper, has
readily consented to the demand of
the boya but has refused poeltlvely
to Jeopardise Its property interests
by consenting to an arrannenient
whereby the third paper In the af
ternoon shall have an exclusive
lc field of operation It would he
considerably to the financial Inter
ests of The News to sell for 2c and
the circulation of The New* world
hr maintained on a hasla which
would afford advertisers excellent
mlue under such conditions, hut the
publishers of The News cannot con
rider Jeopardltlng a properly
which has been built np during the
last 4 4 years on a policy of provid
ing a satisfactory newspaper at the
lowest possible selling price.
• • •
It will be noted that In Chicago
nnd New York It is the strongest
nr.per In each case which has made
It possible for the weaker paper to
make the change.
In Detroit conditions are reversed
and The News realises fully the
position of the newsboy* and be
lieves that they should enjoy an In
creased profit In the sale of papers,
especially since the scarcity of
white paper made It necessary to
eliminate the return of unsold i»*
per*, hut notwithstanding, altho
meeting an enormons Increaa* In
the coet of It* print paper The
News cannot aee its way clear to
leave open the popular priced field
and thus Jeopardise its position as
one of th# leading newspaper* of
the country to a paper which seeks
by clinging to the 1c price, to avail
Itself of an advantage of enormous
value at the expense of the other
afternoon papers.
Cleveland 1
Bt. Ixruld 0
Batteries—Klepfer and 0*Velll;
Darenport and Hale. —
Hildebrand and OMx>nghlln.
Washington 4 0
New York 0 0
Batteries —Oallla and Henry;
Shocker and Nunamaker Uraplrea
—Connolly and McCormick.
Ronton 0 0 1 0 0 0
Philadelphia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Batteries—l/eonard and Thom an;
Noyce and Rchang Umpires—
Owen and Dlneen.
New York 10 0 0
Brooklyn 10 0 0
Batteries—Sallee and McCarty;
Coombs and Miller Umpires—By
ron and Quigley.
Pittsburgh 1
Cincinnati 1
Batteries- Mamant and Fischer;
Banders and Winto. Umpires-
Klem and Rmalle
Philadelphia ▼*. Boston; ral»
rrlmUmm —<*• *♦»»■ ee«l fc»e*—«SM
to H*fct—Time* I*l D*r— «»
temporary refusal of some of De
troit’s downtown newsboy* to aell
The Journal on the street* la the
result of the following conditions
Owing to an alarming shortage of
newsprint paper production the
publishers of the United States
have, for months, been working with
•he government authorities for a
solution of the difficulty. In a num
ber of cities penny papers have
l>een advanced In price to two cen*.a
T>er paper and radical white paper
economise have been put Into ef
The Federal Trade Commission
after thoro Investigation, ban rec
ommended the two chat price and
in such cltle* as Buffalo, Pittsburg,
Philadelphia and others that policy
lias already been adopted In each
case, ALL of the papers In th*
affected Joined In th# price change.
In Detroit an effort to reach a
similar adjustment has been und >r
way for months and durtng ‘h
lust week added reason for the
change ha* been furnished by the
very reasonable contention of the
newsboys that the price of tV
evening papers should be advanced
to two cents to Increase the boys’
margin of profits.
Facing such conditions The Jour
nal and the News agreed to :h A
Increase, but the third gaper in the
evening field suddenly announc'd
Itr flat refusal to follow th# Tra !e
Commission’s recommendation, to
meet the request of the newsbowv,
ard to consider any change what
ft' cr In Its selling price.
It will be apparent that no In
crease In selling price ran he made
by one paper alone, or by two.
The penny price Is a big advantage
which The Journal dgreed to ahin
<Vn only after ft reluctantly reach ‘d
th# conclusion that it* wish to meet
the critical situation unselfishly and
fairly could 1n no other way b«
Th# Journal regrets the Illwdvls*'!
attitude of the newsboys. It be
lieves the "little merchants" have
been misled and It sincerely hopes
they will arrive at a real under
standing of the situation and put a
• peedy end to the present Inconve
nience to the public.
In the meantime The Journal
here publicly renews It* offer *o
meet the situation with a two cent
price at any time th# action ran
he taken by the THREE evening
paper* of Detroit.
War Bulletins
waniun. a»hi is rx* brm
-I*l •tvsnaktp Tm, 1411 tens,
ha* fcf»» iaak hr ■ n»rm«R i«k
"itHs» wit* «te* I*m »f IS llroa.
4 4vl<va rv«vlv*4 t*4iy mI4 tha
Tn» waa set wir«*4.
OOl.ruSt t, Oil*. April IS.—
( Iwka thraaal Obi# mutr hr
»»»H ferwarti ta kaar la *!▼*
“■•r» Seytlakt" far raialas
‘•waC rrapa.
(.ovrracr C«a t*4a j aall he
rtfcelp will laaar a arr-lamatlna
ralHac far thta atep la raauaaal
flea earapt ahara Raatrrw flat
alreaSy baa haaa aSapte*.
RTntrriK. n. T.. April ia—a«
treat I# harara war* faaa4 Sra4
aa4 a laepr aaaaahrr af atbera
arrtaeal? 11l wbra aa raa«haaa4
train laa4 af *** aaleal* far »•»-
rrwaaaat aarvtra waa atappri In
fha tbWNI ? *r4a a# th# 1»w
T ark f'aafral ra I Ira a4. It waa
learaa4 taSay.
PHii.Aor.i.rm a. April is.—
Th ra# f-rrman aellara. wba 41a
■ pprare4 fraaa fbr Raabarf - * n»-
• rlraa Iteera Prfaa Dakar a»4
* hart la «*hen fbr vraarla «rr*
aelae4. wave arrra«r4 here tbla af
fern nan aa4 pla«*e4 In Ibe f«lea
reafer. hr. J., laaaOeraat afatlea
Tha aaea war# faan4 warbles
le e fer«ary ae4 affrrr4 aa re
Aprll 18, 1917.- The Times was
established in 1900 to fill the
one cent flfdd, then unoccupied.
It announced Its mission to
be the saving of the eyes, the
time and the pennies of the
Irt-ople—"not in competition with
but In addition to the other excel
lent dallies already in the evening
field," the News and Journal, which
were selling for .two rents. Being a
compact chronicle, printing only six
or eight pages. The Time* sought a
constituency of its own.
Nine months after the advent of
the pioneer one cent paper, the old
er and larger two cent evening
papers cut their price to one cent
drive The Times from the field.'
They failed. For sixteen year* they
have failed to kill The Time* altho
It has continued to put out a typi
cal one cent paper—typical In size
and policy—while the News and
Journal, much leas exacting aa to
contents of both news and advertis
ing columns, have grown In site un
til they Issue as many as 40 pages
on big advertising dr.ys.
With the war-time Increase In the
coat of white pnper the News and
Journal are feeling the pinch of the
ancient Standard Oil policy of sir
ing two or three times as much for
the money as the rival whose anni
hilation they seek They cut off the
return privilege heretofore extended
to newsboys. The boys, obliged to
pay 80 cents a hundred for the
News and Journal —10 cents a hun
dred more than The Times charges
—maintain they cannot afford to
sell the larger papers without the
right to return unsold copies unless
they are permitted to charge two
ceqts a copy They call upon the
News and Journal to go back to
their former price. The News and
Journal refuse The newsboys,
therefore, decline to handle the
News and Journal.
They hav* no grievance against
Th* Times, appreciating the ab
surdity Os trying to sell an 8 and
10- page paper for the same price as
papers of from 24 to 40 pages.
Exit the News and Journal from the
down-town streets.
In tbejr extremity the News and
Journal cordially Invite The Times,
the successful survivor of 18 years
Os underselling tactics pj-actlced by
Its competitors, to go back to their
former price es two cent*. The
overtures have Just about the same
allurement for The Times as a pro
posal from Von HJndenburg to the
unconquered French to return to
German territory and dwell in
peace and prosperity with the baf
fled Teuton!
Kraolution Passes House of
Commons Unani
LONDON. April 18. —A resolution
rnrmally expressing England's ap
preciation and gratitude and wel
coming America to the ranks of the
Allies fighting for democracy was
passed by the house of commons to
day. It had been framed by the
ministry. The vote was unanimous
and without a division.
WASHINGTON. April 18—Miss
Jeanette Rankin, of Montana, was
named today bv the Republicans to
be a member of the house public
lands committee-her first and only
committee assignment.
Ho-ton N.vy Yard I,
Busy; Ships Warned
of “Engagement”
Coast Combed For Sub
marine Which At
tacked “Smith”
was stated by navy department
official* that the firing heard off
th* Maeeachusett* coaat prob
ably Indicated an actual *n.
gagement, aa salutes are barred
during war time. Every effort
to obtain news Is being exerted.
BOSTON, April 18—IJeut. Ed
ward G. Blakeslee, U. S N., com
munication officer of the First dis
trict *t Charlestown navy ysrd. an
nounced today that heavy firing was
reported off Provlncetown. Mass . by
three different coast guard stations
at 9 41 this morning.
The reports were received by
telephone from (Ration 33 at Race
Point, Station 34 at Peaked Bars
Hills and Station 35 at High Head.
The three stations are located about
Provlncetown Bay and the firing
was reported as having occurred
due north, which would locate It ap
proximately In the middle of the
extrance to the bay.
The firing whs said to appear to
be from heavy gun*
It was thought that s patrol boat
might haw come into conflict wtth
a German submarine or raider but
this was purely conjecture.
A wireless message with details
of the firing is expected shortly at
the navy yard
The Provlncetown station stated
that 15 guna were counted at 10:30
and that the firing had continued at
15 minutes Intervals with great fury
since that time.
b»(r*lt #*4 viridity— W *4ne#4#r
• IsNt #d4 Tknr#4#y «dartlle4. prah.
•kh with ikniffni oarinrr f«*nl#ht|
■ •4,ra(f #«><ifhrrly dlada.
Inn-r M Ir bl*#d— Pro H#My ruin
W>4n*«4ay «#4 Tb#r*>t#i | warmrr Id
•••tbr##t portion t##lsht| freak
miQflt «d4 #d#tb#a#« ntn4«
too at* s TRUprnm rri.
4 B. fd 4? lOn.m *4
r a. at «s 11 a. ■# . ra
a #. at...... (VA 11 a##a TX
» #. in m i a m ra
llicbewt temperature tbt# 4at# la
the pnnf *4 year#, M la |a*4i l#«*e#t,
5 la 1*75.
Oar year u# t»4#y—Ml«be»« trap
per# tare. *li llwfil, S*i men#. S3|
rlear weatbrr.
Tbr nttn nets Sr4ae,4«r at Til*
p. m #a* rt#e# Tkar#4#r at Bi4S a. at
Sikath—HnfTtln an* Rrtara, Xitel
On pair dally until April 11. rrturn
limit May 3rd. On# way far# H 09.
r.arlleat arrival Chirac#.
Wihpah R». 11 on p. m. «\ T. Train
arrive# Chirac 0 TIGa. m Terminals
centrally locatod both cities—A4v.
Indications Grow That Modi
fied Conscription BUI ,
WiU Pass Congress
WASHINGTON, April 18.—
The heuee committee this af
ternoon agreed t* change th*
eligible ago* In the arn\y Mil,
both fee volunteer* end oon
* script* tram If t*
<1 to 40 year*.
Let* this eftacnoon the house
military committee Instead of
formulating a substitute meas
ure, formally adopted by 13 to
8 an amendment to th# admin
istration army bllf "authoris
ing" tha president to us# the
volunteer system to get 800,000
men, but giving him additional
authority to employ tho draft
system at any tlm*.
anticipation of speedy action
by eongrese on the draft bill,
th* war department this after
noon had nearly completed
plans to have th# first levy of
500,000 men In training camps
by Aug. 1.
Th* first levy will b# selected
by lot.
Figures compiled by th* de
partment show th«r# ar# about
seven million between th* ages
of 19 and 28 In th* country, of
whom about 60 per cent would
be available for service. Frpm
these, by lot, the first levy
would b« picked.
It Is planned to set the same
registration day thruout the na
tion. Precincts will be made
the places of registration.
(Staff ('orretaondent United Pr'tt 1
WASHINGTON. April 18 Evi
dence grew- today that congrrv* will
grudgingly *nd In a modified form
that will let It "out from undrr,
pa** Pr**trt**ut WiDrm'.* #.-irctivp
conscription bill for raising an arm)
of two million m«'n
Under personal pressure from the
president himself who made a hur
ried trip to the capitol to urge
speedv action, the senair- commit
tee qulcklv reported out the admin
iatrntlon'a measure with promise of
Immediate senate action Several
committee m mbers who still in
alat on the volunteer system, how
ever, decland th* r Intention to
fight to the last on the pen.tfe floor.
The senate committee vote favor
ably reporting the bill was close -
10 to 7
In the meantime, house opposl
lion to selective or any kind of con
ecrlptlon— until volunteering Is first
tried—which had sp; eared to crum
ble somewhat overnight, sprang up
again seemingly stronger than ever
The committee voted 12 to 8 in
favor of trying out a measure that
would empower the president to put
Into effpet hla selective conscription
system after "trying out" tbe vol
unteer plan.
After this vote the militarv com
mittee appointed a sub-committee
to draft a substitute measure with
the volunteer feature
Buch a plan means that congress
men who fear "the folks back home'
would never return them to con
gress If tbey voted for conscription
con thus let themselves o«t Mi Ml
tbe whole responsibility oa ffcß IMm
ministration's shoulder*. Bftn
proposed bill would
president to order *
RlhU* the army ftght wm «8# G
resolution arms fbvorohl/ rifaM
by the senate nary waiting M
thorlsing th* p reel dent ta fiwft
tion any ship or water craft Mr ill
In war Compensation la ta id Ilk
termined by the president, te
event the ownet la not sotlaflni fcb
J* to get 80 per cent of the pMB
set and may sue for tho rwntßiM
Another measure reported by (ho
same committee would Inr rap no tho
personnel at th* navy academy.
Each senator and representation
would then be permitted to appoMß
one additional midshipman.
While bouse members ware )lm
nlng the best way to cast off nil ro
aponslbillty for a conscription sys
tem of raising an army th* follow
ing bills were Introduced by eeas
mlttee chairmen, this form of tntrw
Auction meaning almost certain poo
rage In the near future:
Increasing the navy from 87.988
to 160,000 men and the marine corps
from 17.000 to 80,000; authorising
the president to aeixe all railroads,
telegraph and telephone companlea
and draft employes and giving tbe
president power to regulate exports
of foodstuffs
■* The last game of the aeries bo
t \p«*n the Tlg-r* and White Box
«a* called off this afternoon on so
count of ram The skies cleared
shor’l) after 3 o’clock but It waa
then too late to reschedule the
| gj»mo.
Havre I)# Grace Result*
T ret Ft# * 4 furlongs Tr#aewr*
T v. |0 M:nk' »2 40. »? TS, |J M.
» • . L: th I' l n » .VCoGraw>, tf.BK
11 k»rt, 101 ( Rab
in- n). XI If' I il-d Tim#. 4XI-8.
I'MMmri: Mi«» -an Fmra Mia* Feed,
Itiar-.tt* 111 t #-id#t->r. t-üblln Mery,
D«-rtg° an-1 K-autlful Kathrya alee
Mocond FU * Bv# furlong# Rrfß
X«*#. 120 Ft V n#»-n. X* l« >4, BaJh
w.-n M-eltcka 113 <Air.broeaL *B.
S 4 10. «*. n* f'lHlar'n# 119 (MB
rlngf<»n>. 15140. third. Tim#—l:Bß 1-8
S• Ir- get. V(1 #y. J<-# Fink Two RaaMi
Temp> t»iinron, F’astr L. Cart Ueb
rrfs En#r*Mlc. Kenneth. Laura MM
Republican #i»» ran.
Third K*ce | furlongs: r*naMkbfa
114 < Hut well I. XT! 59. XX 14.
won Joseflna Karat#. 199
|l so x? T* #»rond; Famour, lit fyL
< ollin- *. 15 10. third Tim#—l4lß4
aeylla Bilk Rustle Ina Kay, KoHHI
Gray snd ttabl# slso ran.
w ohiiutov. sgrit >*.—Warn
natbrirh. #r obi#. t#dar.
4«er4 ■ bill #Wtb#rl#4#a (b|
rrr«l4r»t t# r#l## ## -#g#9sm^
• #r#i *r#i" #r aseysoa «•# ao#
w •*»«. TW? easH b# ##Na||.
■#4 ##l4 ##4#r i >gwl#tieaa 9* 8a
■ #4# by tb# #n #l4##S.

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