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THURSDAY MORNING, JAN. 9, 1845.
"The Carol! (La.) Watchman proposes tna some time this winter, a Convention of editors ot the state, connected with the country press, meet in New Orleans, to transact business gen erally. The Qnnconlia întilligencer suggests that it be whilcWhe legislature is iii sesston. « -present, and the con Both good suggestions, and we hope to sec them carried out. The country Press of Loui siana ft, for the most part, worthy of better pa tronage than it receives trected views of oar Legislators have near-done up" a majority of them. Many are now drag ging out n miserable existence, as theh- sickly columns incontestibly prove. We are sorry to know, too, that fa'ïse views of the n ecessity of Presses inourtnidst, and of their liberal support, is eott r ained by very many of our citizens.— Thero ta a wish with Some to have good papers in our midst, but they do nothing to make, them ■o. They grumble if they are uninteresting, but use no efforts to make them worthy of a reading people. They senti théir money to the North for papMt because, they say, they are better than thefmvjs ! Cut, they do not consider, that every dollar they send tothe North for papers, draws so madb from their own, and consequent ly takes that much interest from their columns. The whole truth is, that so meagre is the sup port extended to the papers of this State, that the conductors oflhem have it not in their power to make them interesting. Instead of being able to pay attention to the editorial department, they are obliged to set type, work at press, act as tie til, and do the work of three men, or be forced to give up their business. If the money sent to the North were snbscrtbed for the support of our country papers of the South, there would be no room for complaint, and southern views Would be more generally inculcated, and Southern in terests better advanced, than by thus supporting foreign publishers. We can make as good, inte resting, and an cheap papers here, as any where else. Give us but encouragement—try us—and if we fail, abandon us. We trust our friends will consider these hints, and redouble their exertions in our behalf. Each subscriber we now have can, if he will, "double his talent," and bring or send us another sub scriber, by a mere exertion. Will lie doit ?— We shall see ! (fc^-We attended the Ball on the night of the 8th January, given in honor of the Victo ry of New Orleans, to which the Managers so politely extended u»an invitation, and must say, that it surpassed our most sanguine expectations in every particular. The room was beautifully and tastefully decorated; the bull proceeded With the utmost good will and pleasantry, to say nothing of the fashionable and graceful dancing; the supper was beyond reproach, and such as to meet the approval of the most fastidious. The patriotic song written by our friend S. Bernard, Esq.. (and which we publish on our French side to-day,) was sung by the company with the most thrilling effect, and gave a zest to the ball at once appropriate, enlivening and chaste. Truly, at such assemblages, we delight to attend, for they go far to lighten the burthens of life, and streng then friendly feeling. We hope the managers will continue them during the dancing season, and meet the encouragement of our citizens gen e rally. A Petition is now in circulation, and, we learn, the requisite number of signatures already obtuiaed, praying the Police Jury to suspend operations on. the Court-house, until a meeting catt he colled to petition the Legislature for its removal io Washington. KrTh'- meeting will he held at the Conrt how», on the 27th instant. PLAQUEMINE MOUTH. In a conversation with our neighbor, the se nior of the "Gazette," who has lately paid a visit te the city, wo learn that the mouth of this inlet toour village is entirely stopped up, and that un. teé something be done, it is hardly possible it can be open for navigation this season ! Some steps should be taken by the citizens of our Pa rish. to ensure the removal of the driß which shuts us out from the rest of the world. Not on the penile of our parish, but those also of the i^wer parishes, are interested in this work. Can «re not have the Stale Boat* a few days in the year at this raft, to give us some chance of get tiag our crops to market? We are sure it is not ashing too much ;—and we trust thatthe proper authorities will attend to it, before the rise in the Mktissippi will render it impossible to re move the obstruction. Pkbsbhvs yob* Tketh, a»b kkbp youb hea^tji.— VII physicians agree, that a healthy state pfthe mouth is « very great consideration in" preserving health. From our knowledge of the effects of Dentistry, we are firmly convinced of its trutfc. Wp, therefore, always take pleas ure in f alling 4» attention of our readers to op erat ions in this science,«id merely remind them _^t"or he is}w yell knowu^,this neighborhood t ) need a recommendation)—that Dr. Bcuk is now here on a short visit. See his ^tico in our advertising column«,. (KTWc are requested to slate, that the Rev. Mr. Ford, of the Presbyterian church, will preach in the meeting-house on Saturday morning next, at 11 o'clqck, and in the same place, at the same hour, on Sabbath next. The Episcopalian minister, Rev. Mr. Burke, will hold divii/iM service in the Court -House, on Sabbath'after .bon, at 4 o'clock. OO^We. received by Saturday VuKiil, the first number of a small daily paper, call, dthe "Laugh ing Philosopher," published in New Orleans by our old fricmi Arclibold, lately of the Red River Transcript. We fear, Arch,* before y où get out of this scrape, you will become a " crying phi losopher." We wish you more success, howe ver, than we fear you will receive. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO, Overthrow of Santa Ana, ttnd Formation of a New. Government. The last nervs frorn'Mexico, seemed to favor the belief that Santa Ana would quell the insur restigvi headed by Paredes, but later advices prove the reverse has been the case. The pop ilar will sided with Paredes, and nearly all Mexico seemed determined to rid themselves of their Dictator. Santa Ana is now a skulking fugitive, und his administration is hurled from power. This has been a comparatively blood less revolution—is emphatically a revolution in public opinion—a sickening at dictatorial govern ment, and a determination to rid themselves ot their enemy Santa Ana. On the! 3d inst., a decree for the dissolution of (he Chambers was published in Mexico by Ca nalizo, by order of Santa Ana. The excitement caused in Mexico by this decree was immense, and the Chambers made three protests and a proclamation tothe inhabitants of the Republic, which were about being published, when by an order from Canalizo, all the, printing offices in Mexico were closed, and all publications of any class forbidden, with the exception ofthe"Diario (lei Gobierno." This was adding fuel to the tire, and the excitement became so great and so general in every class of society, that Cannlizo assembled all his troops, about 2,000 in number, within the palace, and shut himself up with thaui and his four Kîiiiistors. - j s On the morning of the 6th, public fëeling tLrst out ip a general rise, in the convent of St. F», n ciaco, where the Congress haL assembled, after having been driven from the it «ambers, and from thence, marched up en masse K the Palace and demanded the surrender of Canalizo. Canalizo, far from being willing to listen to reason, prepared to make a sortie at the head of his troops, and having called upon them to fol low him, one of his chief officers replied that he was, the soldier of no tyrant, but of the nation, and shouted out "Viva el Congreso !" which was echoed throughout the ranks. Canalizo thus finding himself alone, retired-in consternation to his apartments, and having assembled his minis ters, demanded from the populuce and the troops, now uni ted, quarters for his own life, and that of his ministers. To this it was replied, that hp should receive only the guarantee of a trial ; ufnfe which, finding that nothing better could be dohcL he surrendered himself and waspluced under ar& rest, he and two of his ministers—the Minister! llsIcr of War and St. Rejon, having escaped. * The populace then proceeded to th^fi <iit ep house, and took tho portraits of Santa A^iperficic; the Beuntaminto, and dragged it throu| y . streets. They then overthrew the famou«®* tue of him which had been erected in the die of the public square. This done, theypiW needed to the Pantheon of St. Fernando, wherS, (lanta Ana's leg was interred with bo much ce. nimony. The monument containing it was des tilnyed in the twinkling of an eye ; and tho em Ij Imed leg was dragged forth and kicked through tgp streets. u Ia Puebla, his portrait and statue very soon d[ ^appeared belore the fury of the populace. In Vera Cruz, on the morning of the 9th, Col. Cenobio pronounced in favor of Congress. A deputation was immediately sent to the Gover nor of Vera Cruz in the name of Cenobio and iii« "Put 'blo" of that place, to demand that he should either pronounco or give up the command. He took the former alternative, and declined in favor of the Congress. The populace which thei/liilled the Plaza to overflowing commenced thizf rejoicing. The portrait of Santa Ana was th WH from the Bal cony into the square, torn to p. ,cos, and then the frj jgments consumed in a bon fire. Then the p<ijmlace commenced the shotcs—death to Gon zs jez, Aquilera, Tenlet, Escofcar, Ascombe, and all-tho friends of Santa Ana. A general rush was made towards the residente of diese citizens, and tho populace was only kept at bay by the resectable partofthe citizens, who had prohibi ted to the Com. General the introduction of a single soldier in the square. The people were only appeased by the promise of the Comman dant, that all the obnoxious persons should be expelled from Vera Cruz. It is fear ed that Santa Anna will endeavor to force his way into Vera Cruz, and consequently, every Mexican citizen has enlisted in the militia, and taken up urms to defend the town. Col. Cenobio marched into town, tho day following, with 81)0 cavalry. The people feel that they must fight now, not merely for their liberty, but Ibrtheir lives ; and acting under such feelings, they must be successful. The Castle of Perote, pronounced for the Con gres». The new Government has removed Qui Jaco and put Gen. Jotô in his place. Sam a Ana by last accounts, was still at Quo. retaro. The impretsioii is, that in a very few days his head will lall. Ho is hemmed in by de termined enemies, who will not permit him to escape. Rice .—This article grows luxuriantly in our Parish of Carroll. Wo have been presented with .several heads raised by our fellow citizen. Dr. J. Y- Dashiell, which is as fine as any we ever saw. Taking Into consideration the pres ent low price of cotton and many other product ions of our State; the growing of riee is ; worthy ibe attention of our planters. We think a small portiou of their hands could be advantageously employed in its culture— Carroll Watchman. MiDsniFHEN.—In service 23d Nov. 1044 ; Passed Midshipmen, 166 Entitled to promotion, 5 Midshipmen, 815—476 Number in service 1st Jan., 1841, 451 Excess in service beyond the number al lowed by tho Act of August, 1843, 85 No more appointments can be made until the number in service shall be reduced below four hundred and Ii fly-one.— ßfaditonian. Jorfign flews Arrival of the Acadia—Fifteen lia,/ iater from Europe.— The steamship Acadia arrived at Bos ton the 21st Dec. last, bringing Liverpool dates to the 4th. The main point in the news most interesting in this quarter, is the decline in Cotton, which appears to be about Jd'lower. t Mr. Warrington Irving," Chaire d'Affaires of the Ü. S; '"ut the Court of Spain, arrived at Bordeaux, on the 13th, on his-way to Madrid. MrV O'Coftnell entered Tralee, on Monday, where lie was met by ah enormous concourse of people, and from the Window of a house-addres sed 60,000 people. The cotton market is in a very depressed state, and the prices arc literally fixed by the purcha ser. This is owing to the anxious desire roam fested to effect Sftlefc. Tué Hrittsh Cabinet, it is said, contemplates a complete change in the Government ot India, which will extinguish the political power ol the East India directors. .The French Chambers were fl> meet on the 26th instant, and the British Parliament oa the 4th of- February. The Paris papers arc filled with accounts a dinner given at Marseilles to Marshall Bu geaud, on thé occasion ol his return from Al giers, The accounts from Spain inform us that Mar tin'Zurbano, the old Guerilla cftfàf, had placed himself at the head of an insurrectionary "move ment in Castile. The election of Mr. Polk, as President ot the United States, caused much surprise in England, and elsewhere. Messrs. Oakley and Levett, have arrived from the U. States,, as representatives of parties in. America interested in the completion ot the Illi nois canal. The late crop of potatoes in Ireland is found to exceed the produce of any year on record. A daring act of piraevfwas committed in the very midst of the shipping in the port of Gibral tar, on the night of the/ith ult. Letters from Alexandria, ot the 20th, state, that the Pacha is likely to.prove refractory in re gard to the proposed railroad across the «Des ert. The French revenue cutters have captured several Jersey oyster boats, dredging for oysters on the French banks". The damage occasioned by the - late inunda tion at Havre is much greater than was at first supposed. Several of the best quays were par-, tially undermined. ! nfe Journal des Débats states that Abdel Kai der has taken refuge ,nëar Miliana, in that part of the country where the authority of the Sultan is not very firmly established. A Paris paper alleges that the Progressista r conspiracy originated in that city, amongst a bo dy of gentleman who had been instrumental in the expulsion of Èspartero from Spain. A robbery tothe amoimt of JÊ 40,000 was com mitted on a Banking house in London. An agitation is .in progress for the repeal of the pialt duties. Success doubtful. r lSe O'Connell tribute during the last year il juts to j630, 'Ajö French I c(b| t « er 3 n .l aw . Gen. Priam has been sentenced to ,'j ?T. : <i.«. VjSix|| fears imprisonment. Zurbana has entered own of Soria, and heon well received. ep 'j (]ie R, lss i a ns and Circassians have fought eVeru ] bloody battles, and in every instance the Russians were beaten. Moniteur says, the amount ofcus.Jj tomfpduties for the mouth of October, mill amount to la,175,356 francs. h > Tlic only news from Spain is the 1 rumored pture of the eldest son of Zurbana and his bro —— FROM TEXAS. By the arrival of the . steamer Republic we | iave received our file of Texas papers to the 18th ult. inclusive. They contain President's Jones' annual Message to Congress. He remarks that the Republic has arrived at a crisis ill its affairs fraught with deep and absorbing interest, but that the capacity of the people for self govern ment, and for the maintenance oftheir indepen cfcnce have been tested and proved. lie ob serves with pleasure the tide of emigration Which has set in towards Texas—the uninterrupted ad. ministration ofjustice ; the adequate diffusion of education, fee. Ho recommends to Congress to suspend the emission of Exchequer Bonds, the urgent necessity under which they were first put forth no longer existing. He further urges the utmost economy in the administration of the Government ; the imposition of proper revenue duties by a Tariff; the passage of a law for clas sifying the debt of the country ; the establish ment of the seat of Government at a proper place; the protection of the lYou'.'.er ; a revision of the penal code ; the enactment of laws for perfecting the titles of settlers, &c. &c. The Message is ably written and will command attention. The House of Representatives have parsed a bill changing the Seat of Govern ment to Austin. Its fate in the Senate is doubtful. CONGRESSIONAL. On the 20th inst. the Senate was not in ses sion, having adjourned over to tho 23d inst. In the House, immediately alter the.) reading of the Journal, Mr. Dromgoole ôf Va., called up the Sub-Treasury bill, greatly to the surprise of most of the members, wkftf wefts totally unprepa red to see the gliost of Mr. Van Buren's famous financial panacea once again revisiting the glimpses ot'the moon and stalking about this> Hall ol Representatives. The bill, howcrer,caiieup, and was discussed with great vehemeneoand as perity during the entire day. On the 21st, Mr. Dromgoole proposed that all debate should close upon the bill, two hours af ter the subject would be taken up in committee. This motion prevailed by a vote of 76- to 58.— The House then passed into committee of the whole on the state of the Union, when another exciting debate followed, in which many inflam atory and purely partisan attacks wefts made and retorted. The bill was reported to the House and ordered to be engrossed—-yeas 125 ; nays tifjl. On the final passage of the bill, the vote stood, yeas 123 ; nays 69. The House then ad. journed. •• > ; The bill will in all human, probability be de feated in the Senate, but should it pass both Houses, will Capt Tyler voto it ? He was pled, gud against it in 1840, and sign-d the bill for its repeal. But as he has exhibited mutations far stronger than a change of opinion in regard to tho merits of the Sub-Treasury System, it would not surprise us in the least to nee him following in the wake ofProgressive Democracy. The new tl. S. sloop-of-war St.Mary's, Com. mander Savksusks , arrived at Norfolk on-the 15th inst., from Washington, whence she sailed on tho 13th. The U. S. ship Dtcatnr has captured two Spanish brigs full of slaws and specie, on the Coast of Africa, and sent them to the island of Ascension. SPECIAL MESSAGE. The following message was transmitted to Congress by the President of the United States: To the Senate and House of Representatives: I transmit herewith copies of despatches re ceived from our Minister at Mexico, since the commencement of your present session, which claim, from their importance, and I doubt not will receive, your calm and deliberate conside ration. The extraordinary and higWy offensive language which the Mexican goveiAjicut has though? proper to employ, in reply to re re mon stranae of the Executive, through Mr.yhannon, against .the renewal of the war with I exas ^ h il e the question of annexation was pending before Congress and the people, and also the proposed manner of conducting that w^, will "tart fail to arrest your attention. V Such remonstrances, urged in no unff ^ndly spirit to Mexico, was called for by cpZ_Jera tions' of an imperative character, lion as well tothe peace of this country no hor of this government, as tothe crfelh ot hu tnänity and civilization. Texas bavi entered in to the* treaty of annexation upon the invitation jftf the Executive: and wheii, for that act, she •was threatened with a renewal of the war on the part of Mexico, she naturally looked to thi government to interpose its efforts -to ward of. the threatened blow. But one course was loll the Executive, acting within the limits of the constitutional competency, and that was to pro test, in respectful, but at the same tim,e strong and decided terms, against it. 1 he war then threatened to be renewed was promulgated by edicts and decices, which ordered, on the part of the Mexican military, the desolation of whole Iracts of country, and the. destruction, without discrimination, of all ages, sexes and conditions 'of existence. Over the manner of conducting war, Mexico possesses no exclusive control. She has.no right to violate at pleasure the prin ciples which an enlightened civilization has laid down for the conduct of nations at war, and thereby retrograde to a period ot barbarism which, happily for the world, has long since passed àwav. All nations are interested in en forcing an observance of those principles, and the United States, the oldest of the American Republics, and the nearest of the. civilized pow ers to the theatre 011 which these enormities were proposed to be enacted, could not quietly^ content themselves to witness such a state ot things. They had, through the Executive, on another occasion, and, it was believed, with the approbation of the whole country, remonstrated against ou .rages similar, but even less inhuman, than those by which, by her edicts and decree*, she has threatened to perpetrate, and of which the late inhuman massacre at Tobasco was but the precursor. The bloodv and inhuman ..murder of Fannin and his companions, equallc I only in savage barbarity by the usages of thfrunttitorecl Indian tribes, proved how little coi£ideiy c could be placed in the most solemn stimulations ol their Generals, while the fate of otf&rs, who became her captives in war, many of \V iom, no longer able to sustain the fatigues ancl/irivations of long journeys, were shot down by t^e wayside, while their companions wta survived were subjected a ..iT-..! _ »n!.,/ til lisirl to sufferings even niore had laA an elitîll III) tVlf* ol" CIV MBpp eft an indexible stain on* t h ~ or'ctv i 1 i z-i The Executive, with the evidence of ai intention on the part of Mexico to renew scene.., go revolting to humanity, could not do less than renew remonstrances formerly urged. For ful filling duties so imperative, Mexico has thought proper, through Jier accredited organ, because she has had represented to her the inhumanity of such proceedings, to indulge in language, un known to the courtesy of diplomatic intercourse, and offensive in the highest degree to this go vernment and people. Nor has she offended in this only. She has not only violated existing conventions between the two countries, by arbi trary and unjust decrees against our trade and intercourse, but withholds instalments ot debt due to our citizens, which she solemnly pledged herself to pay, under circumstances which are fully explained by the accompanying letter from Mr. Green, our Secretary of Legation. Ami when our minister has invited the attention ot her government to wrongs committed by her local authorities, not only on the property, but on the persons of our fellow citizens engaged in prose cuting fair and honest pursuits, she has added insult to injury, by not even deigning, for months together, to return an answer to his representa tions. Still further to manifest her unfriendly feeling towards the United States, she has issued de vrees expelling from some of her provinces American citizens ewgaged in the peaceable pursuits of life, and now denies to those ol our citizens prosecuting the whale fishery on the north-west coast of the Pacific, the privilege which has, through all time heretofore, been ac corded to them, of exchanging goods of a small amount in value at her parts in California for supplies indispensable to their health aud com fort. Nor will it escape the observation of Congress that, in conducting a correspondence with the Minister of the United States, who cannot, and does not, know any distinction between the geo graphical sections of the Union, charges wholly unfounded are made against particular States, and an appeal to others for aid and protection against supposed wrongs. In this tiame con nection, sectional prejudices arc attempted to be exercised, and the hazardous ivsd- ttîipardonable effort is made to foment divisions among the States of the Union, thereby to embitter their peace. Mexico has still to learn, that however freely we, may indulge in discussion among onr. selves, the American people will tolerate no in terference in their domestic affairs by any fo reign government; and, in all that concerns the constitutional guarantees and the national honor, the people of tho United States have but one mind and or.o heart, The subject of annexation addresses itself most fortunately to every portiou of the Union! The Executive would have been unmindful of its highest obligations, if it couli have adopted a course of policy dictated *by sectional interests and local feelings. On the contrary, it was be cause the question was neither local nor section al, but tnade its appeal to the interests of the whole Union, that the negotiation, and finally the treaty of annexation was entered into: and it has atibrded me no ordinary pleasure to per ceive that so for as demonstrations liavo been made upon it by the people, they have proceeded from all portions of the Union. Mexico may seek to excite divisions amongst us by uttering unjust denunciations against particular States, but when she comes to know that the invitations addressed to our fellow citizens by Spain, and afterward by herself, to settle Texas, were ac cepted by emigrants from all the States; and when, in addition to this, she refreshes her recol lection with the fact, that the first effort which was made to acquire Texas, was during the ad ministration of a distinguished citizen from an eastern State, which was afterwards renewed under the auspices of a President from the South-West, she will awake to a knowledge ot the futility of her present purpose of sowing dis sensions among us, or producing distractions in our councils, by attacks either on particular States, or on persons who are now in the retire ment of private life. Considering the appeal which she now makes to eminent citizens, by name, can she hope to escape censure for having aseribed to them, as well as to others, a design, as she pretends now, for the first time revealed, of having originated negotiations to despoil her, by duplicity and falsehood, of a portion ol her territory. ^ 1 he opinion then, as now, prevailed with the Exec utive, that the annexation ofTexasto the Union was a matter of vast importance. In order to acquire that territory before it had assumed a position among the independent powers of the earth, propositions were made to Mexico for a cession of it to the United States. Mexico saw in these propositions, at the time, no cause ot complaint. She is now, when simply reminded of them, awakened to the knowledge of the fact, which she, through her Secretary of State, promulgates to the whole world as true, that those negotiations were, founded in deception aiid falsehood, and superinduced by unjust and iniquitous motives. While 1 exas was a depi:n denc'y.of Mexico, the United Slates opened im itations with the latter power lor the cession of her tbeir acknowledged territory; and now that Texas is independent of Mexico, and has main. tained a separate existence for nine years— du. ring which.time she has been received into the family of nations, and is represented by accredi ted embassadors at many ot'the principal Courts of Europe—and Whence it has become obvious to the whole world that she is forever lost to Mexico, the United State« is charged with de ception and falsehood in all relating to the past, and condemnatory accusations are made against Slates which have had no special agency in the matter, because the Executive of the whole Union has negotiated with free and independent Texas, tipon a matter vitally important to the in terests of both countries. After nine years of availing war, Mexico now announces her in tention, through the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, never to consent to the independence of Texas, or to abandon the effort to re-conquer that re public. She thus announces a perpetual claim, which at the end of a century will furnish her as plausible a ground for discontent against any nation, which at the end of that time may enter into a treaty with Texas, as she possesses at this moment against the United States. The lapse of time can add nothing to her title of indepen dence, A course of conduct suctî as has been descri bed, on«the part of Mexico, ill violation of all friendly feeling, and ot'the courtesy which should characterize the intercourse between the na tions of the earth, might well justify the United States in a resort to any their national honor ; but, actuated by a sincere desire to preserve the general peace, and in view of the present condition of Mexico, the Execu tive, resting upon its integrity, and not fearing but that the. judgment of the world will duly up-1 predate its motives, abstains from recommending to Congress a resort to measures of redress, and ■' ' • . ... , measure to vindicate doubted right ; and it Mexico, not regaid 0 forbearance, shall aggravate the in J l ^ st |^ ® contents itself with ro-urging upon that body prompt and immediate action on the subject ol annexation. By adopting that measure, the United States will be in the exercise of an un conduct by a declaration of war against them, upon her head will rest all the responsibility. JOHN TYLER. Washington City , Dec. 19, 1844. nf Hnr We learn from tho New Orleans Courier that neither General Jackson nor the President elect are expected at New Orleans on the 8th of Jail nary. The feeble state of the old General's health, although it is doubtless somewhat impro ved in the last few months, is such as to deter him from the journey ; and Mr. Poik wants all the little time that is left him between this and the 4th of March to put his domestic affairs in a condition to leave them in safely for several years. Jefferson College .—The annual examina tion at this excellent institution of learning, com mençf d on Monday the 1st inst., and closed on tho following Thursday, with the speaking of original compositions, and tiie distribution of prizes, which wero presented to the pupils by Ex-Governor Roman. The examination was more numerously atton ded than l'or several years past, and the exercises in every department were highly creditable to ibe stu.ients, who appear to have made great progress during the past year. Under the vi gorous administration of the President, Mr. Che vet, and the unceasing attention given by the Professors to the duties oftheir several depart meats, the number of students is continually in creasing, and the college appeasrs to be in a highly nourishing condition.— Jcffersonian. Annexation .—We perceive that among in numerable projects for annexing Texas which have been submitted to Congress, Mr. Pollock, of Pa., has proposed that by virtue of a special act the question be submitted to the people oflbe United States for decision at the Ballot Box. Mr. Adams has expressed the opinion that this is the only constitutional mode of effecting An nexation. The Washington correspondent ofthe New York Tribune says—The Chinese Treaty has not yet been acted on. It is quite a voluminous affair. When printed it will occupy about one hundred pages, octavo, [From the Gazette.) communicated. D ied ,—On Saturday last, 4th inst., Mrs. A rthemisf. A ddison , consort of George W. Addison, in the 38th year of her age. It is hard to part with friends, even for a limited period—it is still harder to part with those that are near and dear to us by the ties of kindred and blood—but, O ! 'tis the most cruel stroke of all, to be forever separated from the object of our fondest affec tions. In the death of this lady, lier lamily have suf fered an irreparable loss. She has left a disconsolate husband and four little children, (the youngestuot three weeks old,) to mourn the loss of a fond wife, and an affectionate and lender mother. She is gone, and we mourn her loss ; but we mourn not as those who have no hope. May those she has left behind to weep over her loss, be preserved by a kind Providence to meet her in Heaven. W* B,L. Pierre XXL Guillory, of the Parish of Bt. Lan dry, State of Louisiana, HAS applied, by his petition, to be appointed admin istrator of the Estate of PlUltRU LOUIS GUILLORY, late of the Parish aforesaid, deceased. All person intending to make opposition to said ap pointment, will file the same in my office, in the town of Opelousas, within ten days from the publication of this notice. A. GARRIGUES, Parish Judge. Jan. 9th, 1845-ttt VS/IlX be sold nt public Auction, by the under ' » signed I'arisli Judge in and for the Palish of St. Landry, On Monday , the 10th of Feb'/ y next, At the last residence of PIERRE LOUIS GU1L LORY, late of the pariah aforesaid, deceased husband of Advise Dcshotel, situated ill Grand Prairie, near Flat Tomi, All the property belonging to the estate in community between said Advise Dcshotel and the children and heirs of said deceased, consisting of The Tract of laand* on which said deceased last resided, containing 1G0 superficial acres. Another Tract of Wood anil Prairie Land, situated also in Cran, I Prairie, and containing 200 su perficial arpents. Six Slaves; 150 head of gentle horned Cattle; 150 head of Vacherie hom ed Cattle ; about 30 head of broke Horses; about 80 head of unbroken Horses; Mares and Colts ; Imple ments of Husbandry; Household Furniture, &c. Terms at sale. A. GARRIGUES, Parish Judge. January 9th, 1845-ts. PROBATE SALE. WILL be sold at public auction, by the undersign ed ParisliJudge in and for the parish of St.Landry, On Wednesday , the 12th of February next, (1845,) At the store of WALTER P. REDMOND, late of the parish aforesaid, deceased, situated in Grand Coteau , in the town of St. Charles, in said parish,—all the properly, moveable and immo vable, belonging to the estate of said deceased,—con sisting of TWO SLAVES; Five Lots of Ground, situated in the town of St. Charles, the same where the deceased la ?t resided, bounded on one side by Robin Frères, and on the other side by Edmond Estillettc. Another Lot of Ground, Fituatcd also in the aforesaid town, bounded on one side by lot of Dr. Weston, and on the other side by Auguste Lainbre. Two American Horses ; f.mr Mules; one Wagon and Harness; one Sul ky and Harness; horned Cattle; one lot of Dry Goods; one do. of Hard ware, etc., etc. Terms on the day of sale. A. GARRIGUES, Parish Judge. January 9,1845. j9-t* ^ tUil | DISSOLUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP. ip hitherto existing between I)oe 'licvis, is this day dissolved by rWlHE purtnership hitherto existing between Doctors JJ 1 fljurpb and CI ' JAS. M. MUIirH, F. T. CHEVIS. January 6th, 1845 W. A. HAUTNETT, fashion ahle ] ; (111 if ^Ll'lHtSi j / V» t . 1 . ' 1 J „ , „ ... No. 39 Magazine street , (Canal Bank Build of of ings,) New Orleans. i |f~^OATS, Pants and Vents. —Dress and frock coats, of French and English black and colore^ cloths ; black and eolored cassimcre, merino, cashmerct, gam«» broon, linen drilling, &c. pants ; black and fancy silk velvet, merino, cashmere, figured and plain satin, Mar seilles, Valencia, &.c. vests. Fall and Winter Coats.— Beaver and cloth paletots; D'Orsay coats; pilot, blanket and Flushing coats and coatee«, of various cloths and colors. Shi' ts. —Linen shirts, different qualities; fine muslin I. with linen bosoms and collars, and colored cambric shir; s of various patterns. Munt in g G me ns, Under Shirts, Drawers, <f c.—Mor ing gowns of different qualities; under shirts and drawers of silk, merino, lambs wool, Shaker knit, flan nel, cotton, &c. Also, silk smoking caps. Cravats, Scarfs, Suspenders, Handkerchiefs, Glares and Hosiery. —Plain, figured and 4;!ack scarfs; figured and plain black Italian and French cravats; silk, cot ton, gum clastic and sherred suspenders; linen cambric, twilled »Vpitalfield, English corah and pongee hdkfs. of all sizes and qualities; buck, beaver, kid, merino, linen and cotton gloves; merino, lambs wool, linen and cot ton half hose. Hats, Caps, Trunks, Valises and Carpet Bags.— Black and white beaver, nutria, cadsimere, Russia, silk and porting hats, amiable for men and youths' wear; fur, cloth and glazed caps, for do.; iron and wood-fra med black russet and claret colored travelling trunks, valises and carpet bags. Also, leather and seal pack ing trunks. Umbrellas. — £?ilk, gingham and cotton umbrellas, of various sizes and qualities. Boys* and Youths* Clothing. —Cloth coats, paletots, pants, shirts, &.C., suitable for boys and youths. And a great variety of other articles in the above line. Those wishing to purchase, will please-call and ex amine my assortment. Jan. 9-3m BP» IBWÎBÎBa nam WOULD inform his friends rind the public, that he has again returned to Opelousas, 011 his pe riodical professional visit, and is now ready to give " his services in all operations in Dentistry. ID" He may be found at Mr. Benj. Andrus' hotel, opposite the Court-house. Jan.2~lt* Dillr fîlflif Ijotfl, About a mile from the town of Ville Flate, on the pub lic road leading from Opelousas and Washington to Bayou Chicot. Terms moderate. d25-3t LEMUEL SHAW. No. 4487. CELINE DU PRE, wife of Sebastien Perrodin, vs. HER HUSBAND $ als. Firri! JvoiciAt District, St. Landry. IN this case, after hearing the law and the evidence: I t is O rdered and D ecreed , That the Plaint.ff have judgment against, and do recover of the Defend ant, S ebastien P errodin , her husband, the sum of Eleven Hundred and Eighty-five Dollars and Eleven cents, with legal interest from Judicial demand until paid, with a legal mortgage to secure the same on alt the property of her said husband, to date from the first of April, in the year 1841. I t is further D ecreed , That the Plaintif be separa ted in property from her said husband, Sebastien Perro din, and that "she administer her property as a /cme sole, and free from his control. I t is further D ecreed , by reason of the consent of the parties, that the Plaintiff pay the Judgment of An* dré Dcssarpc, another defendant, the said Plaintiff hav ing purchased tho properly sold under his writ, and that the Defendant, Perrodin, pay the costs of suit. Done and signed in open Court, this 5th December» 1844. H. BOYCE, Judge of 6th District. State of Louisiana, > Parish of St. Landry, J 28 I, J. P osey ,' Deputy Clerk of the District Court in and for the said State and Parish, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true and correct copy of the Judgment in the above-entitled suit. Witness my hand and the seal of said Court at Ope 11- s. 3 lousas, this 7 Deer. 1844. d 10-lea J. POSEY, D. €lk.