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DAVID YOUNG, Publisher, , Teru 00
VOLUME IV. VTIDALIA LOUISIANA, ATURDAY, APRIL 7, 1877. NUMBER SELLOT MIS0ELLANY. ( KINrNESS TO ANIMALS. F Be kind to The lie and study his will, h Aid assis? in "inaerting the elw.," Aid don't interrupt him -keep perfretly g tCill, /( No nmateer how awkward his paws. C It. kind to the wswnl,t and tapir so mild: Re kind to the winsomm Ijakdaw; a Be kind to the tiger, and don't make him P willd, ,(r !..'ll give you too much of his jaw. 01 U IB kiptt oteyt orto iy hnenpj. aid snail; it Be kind to the leopard-and don't tread on tail, it - ir he'll spot you at once if yen do. h Be kind to the raatanrpmd, Irrnardl nd it.; b RA kind to the ,,,tri.r tortj" or,,;tl h Ie kind to the run, pn a usf, and cat; Ri He kinl to the tnl,ererintor. [ le kind to the bull-fish, the goat sod the •acY,e, To the yak, whelk, and lesser peewit; ldi Be kind to the chaste ,,doriferous ape, , To the bearer, the perch, and t",mtit. He kind to the friendly andl vigorous He;: Ce kind to the ho!.l c'ckahtoo: Re kind to the ,pumycat, balnleal,, antl gev; lI Antd he kind to the how.wow and moo. it Be kind to the phascolnme, yarrell, and hok, tL To the beecovitch, guAn, and skoo; di Be kind to the ehuq uaug and bold I hok, 'To the wllae, the smoke, and the a MICHAEL 8TROGO J'HL I;EMARKAILE AUD OUlRIER OF TH At the czar's Hrillh new palace of temOw upon the face of the; who every now and thm hold a hurried qMnei trusted counselor. Sib invaded by therTartar hot Khan, Emir of Bokhar. gle telegraphic wire which Russia ,with her most distant Asiatic I provinces had been cut that night in Jp two places in wetern Siberia. The l czar had just received secret informa- t tion that Colonel Ivan Ogaref, an able f but unscrupulous officer of semi-Tartar ki origin, had been the instigator of the at u.r, fnd wa then . qphis way to the " A btic' froutfer to asume commad ,f the harbarian forces of Feofar Khan. Ivan Ogarefl cherished an Ci undying hate toward the czar's brother b1 who, though unacquainted personally with him, had otce inflicted a humili- hi ation upou him. This prince wouli n, soon be at Irkutsk, the capital of west ern Siberia, and it was the traitor in Ogarelff intention, relying on the cl grand diuks's ignorance of his appear- to ance, to enter that city during its ap hi proachi,,g siege and sock an oppolrtu- c Inity ti) betray the grand dlke to his i savage enemies. To warn the unconscious ],rince of the treachery which threatened him, t a mneasenger must be found who united a extrerme boldness to extreme caution, and the utmost loyalty to the ut- ' most physical endurance. If any- ir hbdy could elude death, discovery It or capture through the 5,200 versts whichl divided rkutsk from ml wMoscow it was Michael Strogoff, the h handsome captain of the couriers of the -czar. So said the czar, when he withdrew from his guests and handed d him an autographic. letter for the grand duke, receiving his promise " to deliver the dispatch in the prince's 1I hand. Poesessel of a podorojine, or im perial permit, empowering Nicholas ti korlanoff, merchant. to engage horses I at all poet stages on his route, clad in d a dieguis, befitted his assumed char- h acter, and with ample funds. Strogoofl took the train to Nijni-Novgorod, g which he reached when the great an- t nual fair had dlrawn thither strangers L fromn all parts of Europe and Asia. t lJust atkcr his arrival there the fair c was broken up by an imperial decree s (inteunded to prevent Ogaretf from c'rcsiltZ the Ural) tfrbidding Europe- m art and olnmantullng Asiatics to leave the province at once. Strooff's IO dorojna of course exempted him firom the operation of this edict, and partly uhrogh pity, Ipartly as meanas of avert- 1 ig us"con, he took with him at iu trcati.ng girl whom he had met on the 1 cars, and who would otherwise have Sbeen unable to continue her journey to Irkotak, where she wished to join her ' jather, a Russian exile. A Siberian himself, and acquainted with umo't dialects of the steppes, he ad heard a tall gypsy at Novgorod aking a mysterious remark, and he terward noticed the same gypsy dis tarking with a troupe of Tsiganes u a steamer on the Kama at a ce whence lay a road over the Urala htl more circuitous than the one hasleted for himself. In pass over the Urals during a terrific m, his fair compaaion, Nadian, ua be had cautioneu to address as ,*brother," perfonrmed her first t heoi b buy 'tlay , hert ait rar they hai been orud to pitreatlr, ThsI e he wien on by relays of horses with the speed of a second Phineas Fogg, at one place pas sively enduring a hlow from a haughty Russian officer rather than endanger the success of his mission. Little did he fancy that his insulter was the gypsy who had before attractedl hi at. tention. and that gypsy was Ivan In crossing the Irtych the raft was attacked by Tartar boats and Nadia captured; hut Strogoff, though wound ed with a lance, escaped by swimming under water. Without lasin an hour in attemptte tsgtlee soTada 6ugh he was wounded, he was deeply iateretd in her, the devoted courier dragged himself on to Omsk,which he found her in the hands of Ivan OgareftC Here he, recognized in public by his rller, Marts, who lived there, and nWn, ufortunately, known to have a son in the corps of the czar's couriers; but by disclaimiug all he managed to disarm immediate suspicions and to make his escape on a swift horse which he had purchased. After baffttling the Tartar horsemen dispatched in pursuit by Ivan ()gareif, who had arreisted and imlrisoned Marfa Strosgoflt he was cap tured by the main Ibnly of the inva d Khan wbo had 'ust . rsrlt the courier Strop ptied the inhuman expedient ofr ordering his mother to be knouted in public. As the cruel instrunment was about to fall on the Imre shoulders of the herr;ic woman, Michael sprang from the crowd, and seizing the knout from the executioner's hand, s struck Ogareft across the face; thus repaying the blow he had once en. dared froim'tbh ied.tr. The punishment of Michael was de I cided, according to a Tartar custom, by a priest opening the koran at ran dom. The chief of the U'lemas thrust his finger on the text: "And he will i no more see the things of this earth." Blindness was, therefore, the penalty imposed by the emir; and at the close or a barbaric pageant the sen tence was inflicted by drawing a red. hot saber across his eyes. At the con clusion of this savage act, Ogareff, with supreme irony, held the letter of the czar before Michael's eves, saying: " Read now. and go to Irkutsk, and repeat what you have read. The true courier of the czar is Ivan Orareft." The crowd had d(ispersed, andi the noises of a wild' debauch were heard in the distance. Michael dragged himself over to his insensible nother and kissed her white locks. As he did so, a hand graspedgrasped his anI he heard a voice: "Brother!" it saidl. " Nadia!" murnmured Michael, " Na dia !" " Come, brother," replaid Nadia, "use my eyes while your eyes sleep. I will lead you to Irkutsk." Three Tartar armies were concen trated before the capital of western Siberia, and the garrison was further dlepressed by the gloomy tidings brought by a courier, calling himself Michael Stragofl, who had given the grand duke an autograph letter from the czar, warning him to beware of the falsercourier, Ivan ()gareffl', was to consuiimate his treachery by opening a gate while the carriion were distract ed hv a hlstile demonstration in an other quprter, and by the firing of saptha @n the surface of the river Augara, )vhich flows through Irkutsk. An h~ur Ibefiore the traitor was about to ive his preconcerted signal to the iegers, a raft which had been worked y Siberian fugitive., amid the! ev eat hardships, across lake Baikal, d down the Augura, had finally stopped by the Ice within half at of IrkuteLk. Fired at by the Tar from both banks, a man and a gi had stepped upon a detach ed block f ice, and boldly launched It on th current. The adventurous couple, had now ceased to call each ot "brother" and "sister," reached city just soon enot;gh to escape burning naphtha, and to enable. el by its light to slay the Sbatled tor Ogareff; bfor Michael had nev been blinded, though he a had tho t it necessary to pretend that li He had been aaved by Sthe tears hads tartea, just before t the exe of his sentence, at the ma speotele ia other's despair, The SIapor t- by thes had iteurpsed Sbetween glwng asher ant hi eves and annihilated the action of heat. A few days later the Tartars retire I before an imposaun Russian force, te insurrection was over, and the road It Moscow lay open once more. Enormous Growth of Australia. That a great English-speaking ef pire is fast growing up in the Austan. liss is apparent from the marvelous showing those colonies already malk, Their total amount of trade is 1464l IN)4,0400, dlug from the bowels of the earth or gathered from its surface. Of that total one-halt, or $2`25,000,000, consists of the precious metals. Them are gohl, copper, tin, and iron in all the colonies, and silver in New Zealand. In tiscelltaneous products they have wool, tallow, sugar, hides, preserved I meats, and wine. In all the colonies there were last year 65,000,000 sheep' and 7,000,0(00) cattle. The population of Australia and Tasmania numbers '2,tcH,000 and New Zealand 400,000. The puhlhc revenue of the whole group P is 46.),A000,000 annually. Comparing these colonies with Canada we find that the population in the new domin ion is t,:;(H),(0H) and her total tradse as conoparent º«nut- eborrowed consider-. ably, but every cent. except in the a case of New Zealand, has been spent in useful and well-conceived publi works. Victoria has borrowed $70, a 000,0)0 at a little over four per cent, , and has nearly ,one thousand miles I railroads and numerous water auppie to show for it. Already the rails a are paying their working expenses 1 the interst up" a e, coost Of Lion, besides which her public a are worth at least ten times her toto I indebtedness. The same is ftue of c New South Wales, Queensland, and C Mouth Australia, and is also trun I though in a less degree, of New Zeal. ) andI, Tasmania, and western Australia. I These figures indicate tho unmistaka. t hie elements of a great empire.--es I Fracisco Nrreu IMIsr. a Business Feeling at Fall River. . The Fall River manufacturers gen. e erally believe that their hardest ext C periences are over, and look for a live. c spring trade. Though the expense t of running by steam and the large t amount necessary to pay the yearly its t terest of costly and extensive mills have eaten up what little profit they have a made during the past three years, the a present business of nearly all the co. 1 p orations 1s remunerative, and the i prospect is oi a steady increase. The I drought hduring the peAct winter has t stopped many mills which are depend- t eat entirely upon water, and the grow. I ing confidence in a satisfactory solu- i tion of the political situation has cre ated a demand for cloths which the Fall River manuticturers are prepared to take advantage of. The present production of all the Fall River mills amounts to 5,85)0,000 yards per week, on which there is a net profit, of $58, 500, and prices show signs of improv* ing. It is a noteworthy fact that, though Fall River manufacturers made the first export of gooeis to Englandl and can compete with her in ioreiga wountries, the home demand is present so great that they cannot atl present follow up the advantage, and[ this branch of the trade is at lresent practically monopolized, as far as New England is c~oncerned. by Rhode island makers. Every indication points to the tact that the hard times in the dry goods trade aie over, and it is fiir to suppoese that this new and encouragingl state of things will extend to other, lines of manufacture al,,.-Boduo Journal. A Cheap Fuel. The proprietors of a.large steaU flouring mill in Minnesota are using hay as a cheap fuel. In that regioa hay can e pult in the stack at each man's door at two dollars iper ton, and ten tons, it is said, will furnish fuel for one stove during a winter season. Hay hurning stoves and machines for twist ing the hay into knots or sticks have already been patented. In sections where hay ranges from fifteen to thire ty dollars per ton the new fuel will not be found so cheap as mS Minnesota. lx the economy of nature nothiilng i is lost. The inside of an orange may refresh ortre man, whie the nuIIJ o I*ther meo fruit nmay ' rye to "sik aD other man'sL et j UIRPLV COeHA D ia. Maueen, Cash )hae ! TYt the purtlest leay *sr walked ao she lath er r dbree a buy mad ; For your wee little fret. _ Ad ymw - ulr loewet L-r boo marh lor the brain of a per Irish lad. sureoe Cuau Dsm. bd-ataabove ! I'M (raid that it'. t' en I pray; A the evrows o' my bat What I ook Ito teat t.e yeaOr puarty ILe theae, with thedimhapleat pla y. an g yhabael T year father t t n the bill, d woum--bedld we're the patter eft ILtill aet 'o ti ll i oi f r . wa.y j. But y"r ye party eye. dance And ye rtve eoo a glamnc That is, " nMiy, agrs! have ye nothing lto :" Maurrrn Cohla D)ha ! I 11 not let ye pa I h' next lime I mnee you at fair r or t wake, Mepacr. ye destroy, ,sa tLhat's btel on a bho That 'ud light a whole faction and die for yer sake. Malreen Cohb Dibas! We'll sit aon the rassm, Wid mie are ron,' yer waimt, and a trar in yar eye; And ye'l my, " Ihrlin Maini tI tpaho Vt. Vsther Maginals; heoire I'd rather do that, now, nor think Ihat ye'd die." A PXSTILENTIAL DRUG. ýSpgm . . xtracte somehow from the poppy, and the scientists, to speak exactly, that it is the inspissated juice of the pxqpaaver rmn iferwn. ISut the article as asoked, and of which this article is intended to treat, is something moie than this. It is prepared, according to accepted Chinese formula, by these people, and save in one place hereafter mentioned, opium is thus prepared except in merce, i- a yellowish green resin. pared opium, of "Opien Yen," is a dpil black tan in color, and is of the e6nsistency of thick honey. It is im ported in tins of five tacl. and upward. Accepting this quantity as the standard, I according to accurate authority it can not be laid down at this nort, duty paid, at a cost of less than nine dollars, and yet the present market price is but seven dollars. This circumstance would seem to point to an extended evauioi of the duty; but there is an other explanation ifor it, viz. the suc . ceisfiul establishing of a fatory for the preparation of this drug in Oregon, the product of which enters into ac tive competition with the imported -cle. This mixture it i4 that is smoked, not by the Caucasian, how ever, but by the Chinese themselves. The outside barbarian who aflects this vice is rarely if ever permitted to in hale the seductive and sedative aroma opien yen. This privilege is reserved to the haughty Mongolian. whose celestial breath first taints the fethal drug. W hat is it, then. that the Caucasian devotee nhales? There isthe residence of a ealthy Chinese merchant, and here he place of business of a prosperous 'binese firm. In each will he found in inner room fitted up with divan nd pillows, pipes, lamp and tray, nd those little eteeteras which corn dete the usual paraphernalia of the paum-smoker. Hither the Mongrel 'isitor, bent on business of a friendly ball, will be conducted; and usually between alternate whiffs of opium the business will be arranged or the visit concluded. These places to the Cau casian visitor, unless he comes with proper credentials, are inaccessible. The Chinese merchant keeps no opium lien for profit; he asks his friends to smoke much the same as an American proffers his visitor a cigar. Fr( m the bowls of the smokers pipes at such places as these. is gathered the yen chee, or second opium, which with still viler stuff forms the product dealt out in the only quarters readily ao cessible to those Americans who pur sue this pernicious habit. As all know who have investigated the subject, opium is not burned in smoking, as is tobacco. A gentle heat is applied. the enthralling vapor is inhaled, and the residue gum, when the moisture is expelled, drops in a semi-crystalized state in the hollow bowl of the pipe. This, as before intimated, is garnered, and the total product, after the pipe is passed may be through fifty Asritie mouths, is mixed in a pasty mats, and is dealt out for the use of Cauoasian customers and the lowest clas of coolies. Again smoked in the vilest doens f Monol depravity, breathed upon by the fItid breath of hideous Spr.aytrlake wetroch, holding the . pstllsntlal Zu Atssl of the lakth CmeC vlýthof .enereal pllage, eateh. lug the noisome salival drippings of eolie hawds in dens shut out from air and sunlight, this polluted mass is again mixed in a feooteriag compound, and is put to the lips of christian Im itators of a fatal tagan vice. These are the cold, unyielding facts. The flree of the English language cannot adequately portray the situation. What insdidous and mysterious dis eases And their origin in the use of this doubly-infected drug, thus dis tilled in all that is noxious, gentlemen I of scientfice attainments may tell us ; what hitherto unexplainable ailment Sy be traeed to im-e s a ta es charnel houses of opium the medical' fraternity may yet record, and to this branch of the subject is invited the careful attention of those who minis ter to the public health. The tacts i here given, while conveying an im portant and salutatory admonition, s may profitably form the basis of a thorough investigatiou.-~an Fra ianA ro (hroirkle. Patti's anU. Patti's contemplated divorce has oc. casioned a flood of gossip concerning the Marquis de Caux. The marquis --it the diva at the grand concert y the emperor Napoleon, in the of the Tuilleries in January, These was the emperor in the Nith of his popularity and pow the empress in all her beanty I covered with diamonds. As rial party were departing an o stood behind them offered , delina to her carriage. This I was the Marquis de Caux, t of one of the few old no h families which had become ed to the empire. On the fol- I lowing day the marquis came with a splendid pair of diamond ear-rings and a superb bracelet. In spite, how- 1 ever, of the kindest attentions, the flowers and gallantries the marquis showered upon her. Patti conceived for him an antipathy almost invincible. But the marquis persisted in his at tentions, and contrived in one way or another to be forever by her side. Ift she drove on the Bois de Bonkogne, and topped herm ra-mpetlake-a l I tie promenade, he would be sure to be I on the same promenade. and would find a way to approach her. When º she was invited to a ball 'r a dinner I party, or went to the theater 1Francais, somehow he managed to he there too. De Caux is a very eloxluent conversa tionalist, an excellent horseman, and an incomparable dancer' Patti had then a great many admirers in Paris, and had three different offers of mar riage, and all brilliant offers, too. All of them she declined in succession, in- I timating that she desired to live only for her art. Finally, at a concert, the empress approached her and asked, "Are you not tired of being single? Why don't you marry? " ant then and there the empress told her she ought to marry the Marquis de Caux. 'Ibis was the turning point, and the mar riage took place at the French embes sv in London, in the summer of 18t8. 'then began all the terrible stories shout 1D Caux which have circulated all over Europe, and which have at last caused the separation. The Green ThreeCent Stamp. By about the middle of next May the public will have seen the last of the present three-cent stamp, and will become to get accustomed to some thing red, and possibly a new tint. The best and fastest color known the green three-has proved a placer tor stamp-washers, who take off the oily cancellations without acid or al kali, and set the stamp afloat again. Mo far the plst-ofiee department has aeind no way ouL of the difticulty, and the long series of experiments just completed has result d in nothing more than as.urance that green is the poorest of stamp colors. With the change of color, May 1i, there will be a change of' design. The medallion head of Washington will he retained; but it will be relieved with an open space of whit, the icroll-work will bave a different pattern. Altogether, the new st .mp will hear some resemo blance to a stamp of sixteen years ago, which most Ipeople ihave forgot ten. The white background is adopted in the hope that any attempt to wash the stamp will leave this part irretrievably spoiled. I The state penitentiary of western Pennsylvauiia has a library of 4,000 volumes. The average daily mopula tion during the last year was six hun dred and thirtyseven. To these there were issued from the library 28,84f volumes, including 7,882 works of lfition, 3,11 bIographies, 1,017 f poems, ,I753 historieaand 0,7;i books t of travels. The retults ot this read ing have beea moat encouraging; many of the prisoners have taken an a ative int'ret to ntemra putt, and Sth w have en done oadisable work cn their own asOount, GRAVE AND GAY. PLEASE keep your eye on the fist that medical men pronounce cigarettes a great promoter of consumption. " Ir you can't be a light.house," says Mr. Moody, "be a candle." Plenty of the girls would rather be half a match. A'NEw YORK druggist has six calli per week from women who want to suicide. He gives them powders in place of poison, and they are terribly sick, desire to live,. and do live, and some of them marry rich cost mer chants. THn Cincinnati Commercial rays: "Why is it that editors never commit suicide?" The Burlington Hawkey* has investigated this subject a little, and thinks it is because the druggists won't sell strychnine on long time. "PA, I guess your man Ralph is s good christian." "How so, my hoy '" " Why, pa, I read in the Bible that the wicked shall not live out half his days; and Ralph says he has lived out ever since he was a little boy." OLD Mrs. Simpleigh read that it cost $o0,OOt) to move " Cleopatra's needle " from Egypt to London. and now she would like to know about how much it would cost to move Cle,, patra's sewing machine the same dis tance. Fznwr swell-" I really think D) Johnstone the best natured fellak I know. Never once heard him say ill word of anybody." Second ditto " Quite right, dear boy; but did you ever once hear him say a word of any body but himself?" Mrs. Hasley, of Trenton, Ouachita parish, La., proposes to build a house of worship for the Baptists of Mon roe, who have never yet had one of their own. The building will be a wooden structure, of the Gothic style, and apart from the lot, will cost $4,200. A SWELL Fifth avenue (New York) tailor will charge from $70 to $90 for a winter overcoat, and from 890 to io for as tof eflhst . i imedol lars for a hat is asked now, the same as was paid four years ago. A pair of shoes made to order will cost from $12 to $16 . In a word, the old prices sub ntantially prevail. How Rubber Boots are lade. The gum used is imported directly from Africa, Mouth America and Cen tral America, that from Central Amer ica being the best, while the African gum is the poorest. The raw gum, which is nearly white, is ground sever. al times between immense fluted iron rollers, after which it passes through the composition room, which process is secret, but when it con es out the gum has the black appearance of com mon rubber. The next process is that of tassing the rubber between chilled iron cylinders of many tons weight, which arc kept very hot and very smooth. A mart of the rubberintended for "uppers is here spread upon and fastened to long sheets of cloth. The heels add taps are stamped out of sheets of gum of the required thickness. The rubber cloth is now carried to the cut ter's rooms, where it is cut out and sent to the bootmakers. The boots are made by men, the sl-oes or ordinary rubbers by girls, while the overshoes are made by either. One man will make twelve or fourteen pairs of boots a day, and receive twenty cents a pair. An active girl will make frnm twenty five to thirty pairs of rubbers. After the bootmaker is through they are placed in in oven, where for twelve hours they are subjected to a tempera tureofthree hunded degrees. They are then ready for boxing and ship pinug. In one factory about four thousand pairs of boots, rubbers and orershoes are turned out daily. Touaching Scene is a CourtBoom. There was a scene from the "Bohe mian Girl" with slight variations from the original text at the Virginia (Nev.) police court the other day. A fair-hair( d young miss was arraigned for pounding a rival with a wash pitcher. "What' your name " askied the court. "Clara Spud," was the answer. "What!" said the court, shivering with emotion, "are you re. lated to the Spuds o: New York ? Is it possible that you are the child I once adopted in infancy and lost on a railroad train in Pennsylvania fiourtee years ago? IIn'e you got a hlcket about your neck with a picture of r Bo Tweed in it and a strawlerrv mark on your left arm " " You hdont .get your hands on any jewelry of mine, and I hain't got any strawberry marks on my arm or elsewhere." The Scourt contemplated her for a moment Iandmarmurnd: "bTsnotshe! 'Tis Snot sh!" sanl '.'it t.r Iup for thirt day,.