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THE CONCORDIA EAGLE.
LAOLHE PUnLISHINGA CO.. Puablshers
VIDALIA. . . LOTTISIANA.
FROM THE MONUMENT .
hook Northl A whiteclad city Itli
T ite valley to its sloping kills;
Here olams the modest house of white
The statesman's longed'for, dlasy helghL
Beyond, a pledge of love to one
Who in two lande was reedosm's sea
The holder of an endless debt-
Our Nation's brother, Lafayette.
But yro long lInes of costly homes
And bristling s lres and swelllng domen
And far away ae spreading farlms
Where thrift d)plays subtantial ehems,
And samlets creeping out of slgbt.
And olties full of wealth and might,
All own the fatherhood of him
Whose glory time can never dim.
All who can reckon reedom' worth
Would write across this whole broad earth,
With pen dipped in the golden sun,
The magic name of Washingtonl
If we can keep the rules he gave
This land he more than ought to ave,
Our future fame will glIsten forth
Grand as the winterUlghted North l
Look Southl-where, In Its eoat of gray,
The broad Potomac creeps away,
And sbeok the blue ofdlstant alies;
But pauses where the great eblef lits
Within its humble, hsllowed tomb,
Amid Mount Vernon's deathless bloom.
As glides this stream, great corse, past thee
FIest to the bay, and then the sea.
to flowed thy lIfe to rural rest
reo thou waet Heaven's eternal guest.
O strong, high man! whose patriot heart
Culmbet from all common greed apart:
To whom men's seNles ways were small,
As from this tower, serenedly tau
(Built that all years thy fae may know),
en look while ereepse"there k5. m.
How weak we were to t ly clear gse.
Builder of onsJoined Is ee,
Ktindler ol.ledora still to bhlhse
Ftnde. ot glories Just besgan
LIvern. Rreat slesperl as this stone,
cghnet from eart that ma hasa know ,
iNo shall be ranked thy solid worth,
Highest of heroes on the earth!
Happy, meUre and cherished name.
Love Is the pillar of thy fame:
Thy pralse comes from each petlot's mopth
Warm as the sunbeams of the ooutah
Look East! The Nation's castle walls
Spread out In massive beauty now;
Their lofty dome and pictured halls
In homage to this summit bow.
Oh, well that from these palsaed lands
The marble spire obeisance win;
But for the one for whom It stands
This chieftiln town had never besnl
Ton plot. oo full of brain and will,
Had staid a bleak and lonely hillI
If at tlve thousand dilzy feet
This shal the whirling clouds might meet,
Till we could gaze for miles, might be
To the uncrowned but royal sea.
"twere not too much of honor then
To grant our crownless king tf men.
You who the Nation's laws indite.
Look to this summit's honest white.
Where. throned on walls that nust endure,
Pure fame cntr'ats you to be pure;
t'ntll our glory be increased
Like sunbeams from the dazuling Eastl
Lo4h West: There lie the hilly fields
Where brothers fought through days at
Wholje. mnother brooded o'erthelr dead,
Wheelo soil the thrift of earoig yields;
Whaere ciennon roared and bullets sung,
Till every hillock had a tongm.
(, Natlioni being and to bel
That silent bloil sp.eaks loudo theel
(;od grunt, if e'er our guns egalin
Mucst tear the qulivering fleskof men,
The leaden hall-storm may hepressed
Against some foul invader's iresat
Against sonme allen tribe andsone
And not, is then. to kill ourlwn!
May all the fruitful strifesoitpeace
The thrlling bonds of love Inrease;
May yonder orb, In his quick change
Froim mountain range to mountain range
From valley to rich valley o'u
From river shore to river show.
From wave to wave-may yonder sun
One Nation count, and only om;
Until he dips his fiery erest
Into the ocean of the West!
Look up! The phantom clouds of gray
Grim ghosts of "torm--have passed away;
The veiling of the sky Is does,
And dlownward shiies the welcome sum.
He kindles grand and peaceful fires
t'Ipn the city's domes and spires:
Hi' sends his strong magoitic glow
Through yonder moving throngs below.
Thou art. O sky. serene and clear,
A symbol of our country here!
What land In all this world of pate,
This earth, where millions toll In vain,
Where famine, pestilence and strife
IPlay careless games with human life,
Where Superstiton clouds the soul.
And heartless brains sad hearts control
What country, framed in frost or flowers,
Can see so clear a sky as ours?
Peace throws her mantle, broad and free,
O'er all who peaceable will be;
Plenty her sheltering flag doth wave
O'er those who will but toil and save:
En.ightenment each day shall rise
For all who do not cloud their eyes:
While Liberty from every race
Has made this land a refuge-place.
Let our deep thanlks forever by
Far as the reaches of the sky!
--W'il arleton, s Harper's Wmekg.,
S3MLES AND TEARM.
The Laughing and Crying Emo
tions of Animals and Birds.
Hew an IlapIast Wept e Same at His
Own Mlseoduet-.Myposlleal Doge,
SnlekeLnlg Moakeysl laughing
Jaaesmses ad uobmits
"Mter years of experience and close
observation I am convinced that car
tain animals and birds have the physi
cal requirements for smiles and tears,
and are at times subject to the emotions
which produce those effects in the
human family. The fundamental origin
of savagery makes the expression of
anger dominant, and when an animal
is excited in any way we are inclined
to regard the demonstration as one of
madness. We never redit animals
with being susceptible to a feeling
deeper than the servitude expressed in
their sullen toleration, which is a mis
take. And it is from my study to the
contrary that I have derived an in
tensIfied interest in Darwin's theories."
The veteran superintendent of the
museum menagerie had just withdrawn
his whipping pole from the den of that 1
misnamed congregation, "the happy
family," after having restored peace
and quietude in lieu of terror and
tumult. The scrawny feline, which
felt as sadly outof place as an elephant
would in a drawing-room, shrunk into
one corner of the cage, while the for
lorn-lookling 8kyeterrior. which mainly
aerved the purpos of a plaything for
the ring-tail monkeys, took posession
of the other and grinned gratefully at
the speaker. The hslf-dosen chatter
log monkeys which had caused the i
rumpus took on an air of Innoeent
solemtity, and huddling together
they. disembled their guilt and I
tear by nonchalantly chaIn t
ferm naturm which seemed to
abound in their immediate vicinity. A
brace of jaolkdaws nodded their heads
sleepily, the parrots bullned and were I
gty 0nthe smaller and les dgnifidI
hisor a~peishlr~ uaecad i
the pink-eyed, snow-coated rdblts nib
bled away at a bunch of :lover, as
though nothing bad ever ooturred to
mar the serenity of their penagerie
life. Only a moment before the entire
"family" had been in a cyclonio up
"Right in that cage these,'" contin
ued the veteran. "I have seen evi
dences of these emotions. It is a com
mon thing for that titi n~nk, when I
enjoy his confidence, to saile as play
fully as you please. Letb see if he's
in good humor. Here Trix!" The
superintendent placed tie back of his
hand to the cage bars. The monkey
addressed as Trix advarced cautiously,
and caressed the haul suspiciously,
eyeing his master dubiously all the
while. "I'm not goingtohurt you, you
rascal." A moment later the titi was
tugging away at the hand, endeavor
ing to pull it inside the bars, smiling
with a playfulness almost childlike.
Just then the jackdaws broke out into
a merry laugh, their risibilities evi
dently having been awakened by the
sight of two little girls romping around
the cage at agame of "tag."
"The jackdaws often laugh," ex
plained the superistendent. "Any
joyous excitement among children will
cause them to break out into peals like
those you have just heard. But the
oddest creature in the lot is that tan
gled-hair Skye terrier. You saw him
grin his thankfulness when I saved his
hide from the ring-tails? Well, niw.
aS r- )ack . aso.. loser you will ob
serve that he has been weeping. See,
there are tears in fis eyes and the
lashes are wet. That dog is a curious
one. It's a shame to keep him in
there. He's cunter'n the rest of them.
If I am any judge of animal nature.
and I think I ought to be. lihe is as sen
sitive to ridicule as-as-well-a fledg
ling of the I)oreas society. He knows
when you're sarcastic, too. He smiles
and grins both, but bless me if I can
make out sometimes whether he is
pleased or playing hypocrite. One
minute you will think his smile is af
fectionate, and the next that it is only
a mask of cunning. But when you
ridicule him it breaks him all up."
During the delivery of these remarks
the terrier, apparently conscious that
he was the subject, approached from
his corner smirkingly. He disported
himself in several attitudes, stood on
his hind legs and pawed the air, And
performed as if anxious to excite either
amusement or admiration.
"There's nothing smart about that.
Snooks," said the master, with a
frown: "you make me think of a
rhinoceros dancing the racket when
act that way." Snooks promptly hung
his head and slunk back to his corner
in shame and mortification. lie sulk
ily stuck his nose into the sawdust at
the bottom of the cage and feigned
"But these are only small illustra
tions of the emotional peculiarities of
animals," resumed the old keeper.
"You wouldn't think a great big
clumsy creature like an elephant could
manifest emotional weakness, but he
can, and what's more he often does.
There was Columbus. Years ago,
when I was connected with the Phila
delphia museum, he went stark crazy.
He tore 'round like mad. and smashed
everything as though he were tussling
with so much paper. Before he rould
kill anybody the building was cleared
of the people and the dooro locked.
For three days he held high carnival
in there, spending his fury on the ea:tge
and animals. At last we tc'pped himi
in ropes and chains suspended through
the skylights. The chaining procu'a
brought him to his senses at once.
and what was our surprise to
see him go into something like
a hysterical fit. He moaned pite
ously. as a person will frequentlv when
suffering great mental torture, the
noise occasionally swelling into a roar.
His huge ears flapped to and fro rapid
ly, and for two hours and mnore a pIr
feet stream of tears poured from his
eyes. These manifestations even con
tinued after he was released from the
irons, showing they came from sorrow
and not anger. (olumbus was more
than an ordinary intelligent elephant,
and seemed to realize the brutal havoc
he had spread during his temporary in
sanity. Here is another singular thing
-the Cingalese elephant will also weep
in captivity. No, Columbus wasn't a
Cingalese. Another time he accident
ally knocked a small boy down, who
got too near while he was sweeping his
trunk around for confections. He
pretty near scared the urchin to death
by picking him up and putting him on
his feet. I rushed at him with the
hook, but there was no necessity for a
reprimand. The tears were running
from his eyes, and he absolutely ap
peared to be penitent. The boy had
been feeding him sweetmeats. Elephants
will always cry when mortified or dis.
"What other animals have you no
ticed laughing or crying, as you
"Horses, bears, donkeys. camels,
gai~set aepirs. sokos, rats, deer. man
drills, cattle, starbocks, antelopes.
Brahmin bulls. raccoons. ichneumu n,
tigers, leopards, lions-all kinds! I
was once with some pet rats that uised
to wipe the tears from their eyes with
their paws. They cried at hunger or
sickness. The lion is smiling at the
tamer when apparently eyeing him
savagely. The king of beasts. I hon
estly believe enjoys the exhibition of his
obedience to man. It is with a smile that
the hippopotamus opens his enormous
jaws to show his tusks at the trainer.s
bidding. I have seen tears trickle
from the eyes of a dying tigress, also
from those of a mandrill. The smile
of the chimpanzee is plain, and he will
weep audibly when you threaten him
with punishment. while the orang
outang laughs boisterously at the con
sequence of his own practical jokes.
The tears of a soko are whimsical;
other monkeys will weep when you
condole or pity them. No matter
how many times he is tempted, the
ringtail will put out the light of a
igar by alternately rubbing it on his
hide and sitting on it. and when the
light has been extinguished he
will weep while he is eating.]
the tobacco leaves. These are tears I
aof pain, no doubt, as he burns himself
in the operation. Have you never no
ticed the tear in the eyes of a badly
disflgured tomcat when he sneaked in
to the honr in the morning after lrv-.
Sng made a night of it in the neighbor
I ing back yards! I have, and I have
been at a loss to determine whether he
was ashamed or in agony. I never
saw parrots shed tears, but they have
the kindred power of sobbing. I once
heard Soldene sing the sob song in
'Olivette,' and the peculiarity of the
tone and expression were so striking
that I always thought she caught them
from a parrot. A camel will shed
tears when he is thirsty. A mule will
Ssmile when he is playing with a colt,
Mules are passionately fond of colts,
you know. and when turned into a
pasture with one act as though they
would hug add kiss it if they only
knew how. When I was with liailev's
circus and menagerie years ago one of
the wagon mules killedl the colt of a
ring mare. He was violently attached
to the little thing and while clumsily
gamboling with it one day accidentally
struck it on the head with a sharp shoe
and knocked it dead. The attention
of the hostlers was attracted by the
sorrowful braying of the mule. He
pawed the deadl colt with his forefeet
and tried to resuscitate it. His eyes
were dilated with sorrow and dread, he
sniffed the air as if realizing the wrong
he had done, and was altogether a pits.
able object of sadness and despair. It
was with the greatest difficult" that he
was taken from the scene. That mule
I was dangerous ever afterward. He
Sseemed haunted. lie would bucnek and
.ki ... the slightest provocation, gid
finally became intractable, althoth
previously he had never raised a hoof
at anybody or shown the leant distem
per. What is it that makes a dog bay
at the moon? Why, it is loneliness,
and if you could see flim just then y~q
would find tears in his eyes. Without
citing any other instances, it is just asI
inform you. Study the matter as clos
ly as I have, anti you will satisfy veyour
self that the majority of animals and
birds possess both the physical require
ments essential to the production of
the physical phenomena of smiles and
tears. and are susceptible to the emo
tions which cause weeping and laughter
in man."-Chicago News.
Not Always Just Mere, But Awaiting Vs
In the Future.
Those of us who axe not already
happy, or who have not given up the
pursuit of happiness, possess a charm
ing confidence that in the vague and
golden land of to-morrow all will come
right, that happiness is waiting for us.
We live over agreat many rough places
in life with tolerable comlposure in view
of this promised land; we swallow our
disappointments and vexations quietly,
and try to believe that we shall be the
happier for them in the "sweet by-and
bv;' we pocket ourslights and affronts,
oserlook the unkindness and neglect of
friends, bind up our bruised spirits, as
those who feel that the day of deliver
ance is at hand, that the present trouble
is but for a season. It is a little strange,
considering the minimum of happiness
there seem, to be in the world, what a
cap)aitv fir it we all develop, what a
craving that only ceases with our
health, what a diligent struggle we are
all making to wrest it from fate, to
make it our own. and, after all, the
poet tells us that it is but "the grass of
the meadow, the hind-weed of the tied.
the wild rose of the hedge, a wordt a
song:" that is, it is made up of the
trifling pleasant events of every-,ay
life. It is at hand when we seek it asar.
n, ransack the three kingdoms for
it: it is to be extracted from the
things which are so familiar to us tiat
we overlook them. and fail to recognze
their import and divinity. HIapimness
is such a different thing to different
people. Patrick, perhaps, finds it in
his pipe and the prospect of a genteel
funeral; a better gown than her neigh
bor's will secure it for Mrs. Small;
whilet only the lion's share of attent.on
in society, and the opportunity to 4is
play her scalps will secure it for isul
cinca. This one would be happy could
he tind a publishe", that one "if he Ital
but a thousand a year." while a thrd
believes that it ti a certain element of
the be-t society, or that it is assuredby
a tine house, fine clothes, fine livnng
and position in the world, by besaty
and intellect and appreciation. lint
there art people in whom all these can
ditions meet. but who, with a char
conscience added, hare not achieved
happiness, something having been left
out the omission of which has wrought
a chemical effect in the crystalization;
or all the ingredients of hiaptpiness
were there, perhaps. but not r.ghtlv
apportioned. In fact, happiness with
many is largely an affair of tempera
ment. They do not look for it with a
mricroscope, nor lie in wait for it: they
take the good the gods provide'. and
if it is not exactly to their mind. they
straightway idealize it with the "'ligLt
that never was on sea or land."--llar
Some Remarks Evolved Prom a Woman's
Coasciosase About Womrn.
Squtash is responsible for a good deal
of alleged pumpkin pie.
Woman and her servants, acting in
accord, would outwit a thousand devils.
D)o not enter any one's private sit
ting-room or chamber-even your own
daughter's boudoir or your hItuband'sa
study--without knocking at the door.
Little is to be gained in this world
unless it is paid for. Gold demands a
fair ecquivalent, and the woman who
would bu well treated nmust show her
self worthy of such treatment.
Women of the world never use harsh
words in condemning their rivals. Like
the savage they hurl elegant arrows
ornamented with purple andi azure, but
with poisoned points.
Young ladies who contemplate be
coming wives, remember that hus.
hands can't live on love alone-they
must have something more substan
tial. and, as a rule, they want it well
If you want to lighten your wife's
labor see that the inside of the house is
frequently painted. A fresh coat of
paint in a room will do more towards
making it clean and tidy than all the
scrubbing and cleansng that a woman's
hands can give.-Ladees' Uome Jo, rnal
-NearSly one-half of the American
sailing ships bear the names of wimei
FARM AND HOUSEHOLD.
-Dry rot in trees is a transmissible
disease, and one diseased tree is capa
ble of infecting a whole nursery.
--In no matter what branch of agri
culture he may he engaged, the think
Ing, close-readingand observing farmer
is the one who is prosperous.- San
-A Kansas farmer says, according
to the New York Tribune, that he put
a stop to the heating of wheat by mix
Ing with each fliftwbushels a bushel of
salt, and also kept weevils away.
-In newly-imported china, some of
the meat and game platters have legs,
like old-fashioned New England vege
table dishes. The good carver will not
like this fnnoration.-N. Y. AMail.
-Every tidy housewife desires to
have some kind of a scraper just out
side the door to aid in removing the
mud from the boots of incolmers.
(Ine is madtte by fastening an old hoe to
the door steps by nails or screws. It
should not project more than half an
inch above the step.--Troy Tl'ims.
-A well-known writer on stock
topics who uses the nom de plume of
'Phil Thrifton says springs pigs,. as a
rule, are worth more than any others.
It is of much iluportance, therefore, to
save as many of tbem as possibtle. If
lost the main protits in the business for
the year are gone.--('hirago Tribune.
--The Decorator and Furnisher says
that rust may be removed from steel
by covering the ru-teo part with oil
or fat, letting it remain several hours.
and tthen wiping off with a soft cloth.
Then rub with a mixture of two
drachmns caustic soda and four ounctes
opodeldtlc. Leave this on ten minutes
and rub off dry.
-It is unsafe applying salt in con
tact with cutt seed of potatoes, but
after the plants art, up. a little sprinkled
tsover the hills will repel worms. and on
some land will make bright, cleatu
tubers, which would otherwise have
been afti'.etcd with scab. The salt also
helps to keep the soil moist in a dry
time.-N. I. Times.
-Saratoga Chips: Select good.
sound potatoes and peel and slice
them into thin, wafer-like chips. Drop
these into cohl water, wash them well,
then drain them thoroughly. ant with
your fat in proper condition, and
plenty of it, drop the slices in it, a few
at ita tinme, and fry until they art of a
light brown color and crisp. Then
dmrain them on a ctloth, sprinkle them
with salt. and serve on a hot dish.
-As a general rule grams seeds do
best when .own early in the spring in
a mellow soil. If this is tdone while
the frost is leaving the ground no har
rnwing will be necessary, as the spring
rains wash the seed- into tihe pl rottes
groundl and secure to, it a:h early setr
nuiniation. They are alio sticcessfully
sown in August and Sneptemltber, when
the fall rains will generally give themn
sutifcient growth to stand tihe winter
if the land he free from standing water.
How Mowlag Fields and Pastures Should
Intelligent farmers who have given
the subject attention, are fully aware
that many mowing fields and pastures
are greatly injured by having the grass
roots exposed to tithe extreme heat of
summer and tithe excessive colid of win
ter. Nature if left to herself, gives the
roots full protection, both winter and
summer. by covering them in the slum
mer with the growing tops, and in tihe
winter by thie tops that are dead. Man
removes this pirotectiin, antd he
usually does it in tilhe httrest portion of
the year, often cutting the grass so
near the roots that there is but little
left to protect them from a scorching
July sun; but if a rain follows in a few
days after cutting the grass, It new
crop will start up, and is soon high
enough to fully protect the roots, but
if no rain comes the roots are dried up
to an extent that greatly injures if it
does not kill them. Shoullll a second
crop grow, it is cut as clotse to theI
ground as possible and the roots are
once more expoIsead to the hot dry
weather. Should the weather Ie wit
and a third crop grow, this is often fed
off so close just before winter seits in
that there is nothing left to protect the
grass roots from the sudden chantges of
The pastures are often fed so close in
the early part of the season that when
a drouth comes the grass roots. many
of them, are killed for the want of pro
tection. In the autumn the cattle are
kept at pasture until every spear of
grass is gnawed off close to the roots.
thus leaving them exposed during the
entire winter. With such treIatnInt it
must be expected that pastures will rap
idly run out. and that the iltowinl
fields will show in the spring nmany
spots where the grass roots have been
If mowing fields are to be kept in
good condition care mlust be tanken not
to cut either the first r .-cond crop too
cloter: tlhe mower slhoilld bie run hIigh
eniough to leave a suflicient lengtih ,,f
sttbble to protet the roots friom the
hot sun anti drying wints: :nd wsihen
4lutilmn cmes the land shouhld not e I I
fed so cluse, that when cold weatheri
sets in there is nothing left to shelter
the grass roots during the winter. A
little care in this respect will keep the
mowing licld up in good condlitioni
with the appilic'ation of but a mInodtlerate
amoutlnt of manurc.
The ialsture lshould receive equail care
with the motwing tiheld; it shotihl iot
be overfi-ld during thle dry suaon,. or
jiulst Iueforc winter sets in. Many lts
tures are thus greatly injured lh I'
exposuire of tile roots of the grasl killt
thnem ullt, and in their pl'tees spring up
undesirable weeds, or perhllaps a grus th
There are vet many farmntrs who
need to pay more attention to the pro.
teetion of the roots of the grass., in
both their mowing tiellds and pas.tures.
-Massahuset.s Ploughman. '
-An Indiana man has iinvt-tedt a
yane known as "parlor base ball." It
is played with one hundred and twv.lts.
ive cards representing all the varil i
features of the game.-- Indi-y l't
1r.. tture of Ilahlt, litt ('Capable of a High
I).rmKre of Training.
Though I dlo not claim for them the
siit- undeir-taunding possessed Iby' some
nmimials. mliper'i'cnl'e iham shown maie t hat.
f(i 'in , caipable of! i igh degree of
tra nin;-g. limt *love .ishould be the
i:!;,!il.. and a juldiimious syv.tm of
feidinag fr,,im your own hand is theil sulr
i,-t wva. t their :atl ' 'tilons. Ilidehs oulr
ime breed, whih wi e kmeop to thmn
c'1\,v s in ''prens''" wt haIve ablout two
huudred emnunion fowls which we' allow
to mumn ait sill over tlhe farm. only fieed
il .;i tni tl i a diav-ill the mioring in
their cm , m-, and in tmlm evening we call
them onii' by 1.munndinig a tin pan. and
it is ri.dll very am:linll to seet them
runil or 11 fron all directions at the
lir-tl ap of the gong. gather :rotImid its,
jmtltmpinm mllt on tuir laps ail ad holllders,
eating mout oif ouir handi,. and sinfgiln gin
a ilnu-t dhli hted and grotsfuil imanner.
I wih) all tml littleh bos and girls who
:are fonId of raising pe11t. mould trv chick
enls. T'het man Ih) trained to liv'e you,
and ?viii mm111i, with peirsmeverTlanci. tlch
themll -o ro very amusiniig trek, and
Ilmeamt ili the are, the so-iurcie of somnie
profit. I kniw a B limmanItam. niamdlll
"La.ml." owned iby a little girl. who
taught her to cmione w'hen her namitu Was
i id ju-t a. aiy dlug; would. ,She will
mi tln hrittl litl mimlt4.:'s nI .p and vry
ontmenitedly allow her to mtroke her
feath:ers. A n4,ighilhor even claims tio
imhe a roterlr that w\mill mrow whein
c:alid uipon to show oiff to vi-mhors.
Like all of the' animnal kingdom. these
arme clreatititi of habit, :Liand willlhen a ha)lt
habiiit is formil it i hard to Ibreak.
When on(e acunstomed to a rou-t
inlg-plact it is veiry dilheult to i'll:Iham
to new quairtrs. (Oc .itionally we find
one that has mind enoug}h of her own
to rebel inll pitl' of oullr ll rt iti tco on
troli. (lOne o'f our lhems for a whole win
tir per-i-tedI in rmo-sting on a: wiood
pile insteaimd of a nice wtarnlm colp with
the rest d the icickei., huit thit s IVa
a:ttributed to commoiin IlooId. At one
time we owned the imost provokingly
titbborn L.eghlorn roomtemr. lm'Wheni we
lpirehai.ed him wAe a-signedm him hi.
qualirter., pre-imniingi hie would be per
fiectly contenlitedl wiih i ine lot of
PIlymnoutll RIiock li'ne. bill it sooin hbe
tclmtom evidelnt that his loirdihip wasL not
pleased. for Awe had but to tiurn mtll"
hiacks nix ii' he would scale in eight-foot
picketI fumieml bliitwen his lird anilnd hii
ne\t mdoorm neigiihbor. the iliangi.hanigs.
After thime mio-it periiitei t e ii'rs ito
ki-p him ait ihomtie wlie at lingtli putil
hiio in aniother lpen, putilting wire
arinmii the fenci.e, hilt evien thisi wmoulM
noti do, flor about thle tim ite till work
nm en p llut the finihing tonlch tcl th ,. jog,
imtllagile our digitst to seem him give
onell lig crow aid go ogm 1"r ith flenc(e,
wirei and all. So we, tlin liad to con-
ienr by puilling oIut tome of the
featiheri's in hisi rilght wing.
(i'hurlis Lamb said ihei would sit with
anything buli Ita henli or a tailori, I in
sure most hens wouitl recipmrlic.te ii
re'linetanie. nome oif thlit -ltal 1ti Iot
an out-iof-t'he wa)i spot to ima:ike tlheir
nlint, and it iakes the grieat '- t igilmaie
to discovem r their hidingm pmlace. VWhen
tihiey olminel homem fir their food they
seem to lie aware that timy are heing
watclmhed and ltake a lrouidaibliti imc'irml
of lreturn, to em·a'lledl tectioll. ()n the
iother hand it fmiw iare so talnmle im- to
ieven coin, intlo Itle housei ton latkle their
nim-t. lhit this iS a familiarity I havme
inever l'LencouragedllI. llnane heti e m movei
the position of their ems while sitting,
which keips thl all thami ite mni
lulrature. but whelmlther this is the ruhl
with ill I can not tell. I am sure noi
iemploymel nt can lbe imore plealsmnt than
raising, litltle 'hic'km: onei is fully com
ipelatetli for the troubh b hI'ep llai'ire
amitd anmiiement it affllordia il wathlin
themir mdevelopment anid to see thie oit
hel teaching themi hit of indiiutrm-
to i ,ramit hfi r for tlh im Iles, oil tliuih
feathersi, take dust andil sun batiihs: in
fat eve' lhiing that maikes a well
rmiimled ciltikeim tain not fail to iie inter
in.ting. if you haive never raised al
brood leit mme periiadime o'l to mIuski'
your lirst trial this sprilig, and ity all
itians begin with eggs fromll some tintm
stock. -I 'r. N. . JTribtuni.
MuoIlnmk Halting Flurishes iIeat When Qual
Ilty is the Aim.
When breeding up to a point of ex
cillenee is practiced a stolk is pro
duled for which there is almway a rmeady
and profitable sale. The farmer who
raises the best stock of all
kinds aclquires it reptaition thati
enahl.s him to obtain thelii
higheslmt prices for all that he my
imarkt. And thei stuk raiser who at
all times cairris oiit thii aim not only
ii luire of mill iirlmdiat.e and plroliabtle
sale for his mstock when rmeady for
market, limt also i'statlilhts mi naimmn
ihat is ii ouind gulrantyl fur nli future
markets ibeiing equilly as icertaiii and
miequally ait fiavruile '
'T'ar'rv It olt this aiml lr(ih-e (1,t to
attaiil murilirhorily hi auitok, ihlmrm mrii
tiai thhimin mi im hn emm, m l it v tim mml
ilbreed and in point ml eif ditilnm, to
•ayork with. Notmting very remnarkamble
faor smitleriority wia caveP mimle from
worthlim ir infirior stll. It ii usint.
imulerimr matemlriil that im the prime fmtm
tor to the ailttainiment of m tlls'mrim" re
rielts. (I' ontrst theil farmer wio hlu. mm
an iimmerfm'ctli miatured mthi to put
with young moimws, maith time hoig raimtimr
who ibreeds only from wemll-rmred,
ihoroumghly matured i ogs. Thl e reuilt
in thie formerl inatiatlCe is t fwa wimmikly
pigs, with wilmihiy saysmmteinsI, more orrles
unhealthy and liaible to dimmas,', and
which never makio. memni with the itist
care and attention, more than mcediumi.
Tihe result in the latter ease is large,
fat sows, with eight mir ten lint', fmit,
healthy pigs emchm, which at ten months
old will ie ready for the top of the
market at throe hundred pouinds ea.h.
Take again the condition of thin stock.
yards at (Chicago last seation. They
were packed full of atom'k of all graih.l.
kinds and m'onditions. T'hat stlck
which ,vas of an inferior grade was
wholly neglmcted, or mmold for prices
that mearecly uijd the coast of rai-ing,
while the stock of superior character
commanded quick sales and top prices.
In commencing the ptock business
seledt only well-matured, sound and
healthy animals-both male and fe
male-from some choice breed, and
you will have a sure foundation for
success in the venture.
No matter if the cost is a little more,
it is false economy to buy inferior ma
terial beenaie it is cheiaper. A few
dollars extra expended at the start in
raising stock will surely pay in the end.
It costs on the average no more to
rli-ce superior-bred animals than it
does those of an inferior character,
while the superior animal is less liable
to contagious or other disease, always
deluandls the he-t prices and invariably
sells when stock of an inferior grade
will not. The second essential to the
attainment of excellence in point of
quality in stock is to observe an intelli
gent and humane regime in caring for
So many influenees, operatiag favor
ably or unfavorably, attend the busi
ness of stock raising, that it seems
strange so few of them as a general
thing are observed. Heat, cold, shel
ter, food, drink, quantity, qt ality, va
riety, regularity, cleanliness, attention
anld exercise are sotme of the principal
things entering into the combination of
intllences which aflicet the process of
attaining superior qualities in animals.
It is quite generally acted upon, as if it
were a belief that all an animal needs
ilt its cvas. was plenty of feed of somo
kind and plenty to drink.
It matters not. say many people by
their actionu, whether the fiod is good
ior wholei-oine or where thin aninuils
feedhow they feed.in what kind of place
it is, or whether they are cleail or cold
or warnm. But this is a serious mis
take, as owners of very high-priced
,toik, as a general thing. al preciate.
It is an error whlich all stock raisers
must avoid if tihey wiouil realize the
iest result, from their efforts. Stoik
that is implrolperlt cared for, that is ill
fed. wlhose food allnd drink is insuflicient
or unwhtolesoinme, or that is constantIly
worried or excited or crowded in small
quantities. or that is insutblici titl y pro
tie(tel against weathller ini-leientilies,
will be feeble,. sickl, liable ti every
matin:ner of diseasie., haviYe suggv. ill
a:pp.earing coats and sutller a gradual
deteriiration and loss of every qu'ality
that goes tol mtke a sulperior aninal.
Th'e proper care of stock, es"nltiial as
it is to tiheir well beiing and tihl dIiel
optilnt of their inualitihs, il a thing
not to be ase.uired within a lay ir1- to
be taught in a sentencei. It is in art
that mu-t Ise leiarmedl by stttudy ald by
practice. for there tire many pasl.., to
the subjecllt and their nulmerous condi
tiiAin munst I-. thoroutghly unlder.to t in
oiner to riglitfully :are for :inin:als.
'lThere are. however, afiewsgeeral prin
ciples undelrlying the whiol whicth my
be brought within the sco'ipe of this
art ih'. These are to ohl-irv i.:lnli
ne-s in ever thiung relating to the care
ofill the ani:l: to llfind only the lbet
feed: to inoit over feed and tlo Ifeed Olean;
to allow free llvcess to ielean,, frte-l wa
swatir: to keep the atninials fri.- froin
i-citilennti: aIndi to preroi untiformily
the iiatuiral telllperatilure of their di, lisll
- Fitu I 'rauciu-so C ihroinitld.
As (Ganil lNy l'onistruited Thely tre J.i.
less Aglainsl spltiliatuin.
In tlihose good old days wihen the
iand of every man wast again-t hlis
neighbor there were no gn o rlllnt ints
itronig enotgih to protet ih' people
and their prioperty. o walls anid otlher
harriers wvere, built to keep invaders
outl. As timte iiwent on man learned
-omulthin' about the advantages of ' -
optration, btli' able to llprotect him
self by hargaining with his fellow-mn-n,
ant his rights to life. litberty, iand
prilierty i iere, rviespected to a consltantly
increasing i't.-nt. ltit while he coiuld
give Iup the joy of raiding his fillows,
and lost in a grieat nmeasure his fear of
bei-ng raidied, he has niever got rid of
thie habit of building barriers against
the world. They are not needed, for
there are laws stiilicient to protect, and
the barriers are practically iuseless: but
threy are kept lp nteverthltlss. A (cor
respondent of the $pirit of the Fotri
says of these reminders of long gone
ages and of the enormous outlay re
quired for maintaining thelm:
S'The intrm fences of Tennessee cost
thie eople over a million of dollirs an
nuially. one-half of which is an abso
lutele totail hb--. A half niillion a tar
-teln ntillis of dollars sincel tfli- war
-- have lieien worse than wasted in un
niessalry fencing. This is not evi
dence ofii a higher civilization.
"It is neither for the public nor for
pirt ati welfare that such tian immense
sum of moneyv is frittered away Pear
after year. Lawful fences are rediiiired
by statute, not for thie general good,
hint 1lyv in the interest of the careless
and thriftless few. 'the farmer must
pay every year a tax, in labor, material
and money, a sutn closeIly alpproximat
ing the aggregate of his State and
counity tax, to protect himself from de
predation by his neighbor. This is
neither right nor dooent. It is barbar
iLm, not civilization.
"ihe (Usage of more than a -entitry
has given the fence some sort of sanc
tion -an intense respectabiiity at luast.
Feln-ues are ai visible mlete atd boundary,
a standing-or, more often, a tumble
down-witness that within its enclouure
there dwells a sovereign citizen of the
llepubli-. This is all ther- is of it.
His neighbor's brea-hy eatthl can tear
it down at will. His neighlbor's dogs
go inilir it, through it, ovir it. and
work their misc-hief upon all he has en
uhiavired to pritect with his laiwful
fi'iieii. Poac(hers and thi-u'vs climb
over or pill down the sacired barriurs
and rob and pliunder his tiildhs. his
orhilard and his garden. liii fence iS
nut worth ten cents a mile as a gelnuine
proitietion against spoliation."--hiciia
.o T ribuin . .
-For a large portion of the past wia
ter, sacs the Greentieli (hizitte, wood
chopineirs have been exerci.,int their
calling on Deerfield Common. Y'ive of
the noble elms killed or woitndeil by
the burning of the Everett Ilonse have
hwcome their victims. And another
sad blow has fallen upon (is. In the
gale of January 17 one-half of "The
Great Elm." the pride of the town, the
queen of New England Elms, was laid