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About Mississippi advertiser. [volume] (Aberdeen) 1842-1848
- Mississippi advertiser. [volume] : (Aberdeen) 1842-1848
- Alternative Titles:
- Place of publication:
- Geographic coverage:
- W.E. Smith
- Dates of publication:
- Ceased in 1848.
- Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 5, 1842)- ; new ser., v. 1, no. 1 (May 4, 1844)-
- Aberdeen (Miss.)--Newspapers.
- Also issued on microfilm from UMI.
- Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
- Issue for <May 4, 1844> called also: whole no. <105>
- J.M. Stewart became co-publisher May 1844, at which time a new numbering series started.
- Latest issue consulted: New ser., v. 3, no. 47 (Apr. 14, 1847).
- sn 83016731
- Succeeding Titles:
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Mississippi Advertiser, Sunny South, The Aberdeen examiner and The Aberdeen weekly
Monroe County was created in 1821 from ancestral Chickasaw lands on the Alabama border in northeast Mississippi. The terrain varied from fertile black prairie suitable for growing cotton in the west to the heavily timbered red hills and sandy, clay soils in the east. Established by a Scotsman as a trading post on the navigable Tombigbee River, Aberdeen was incorporated in 1837 and became the county seat in 1849. By 1910, Aberdeen had around 5,000 inhabitants and was an important regional manufacturing and commercial center.
Monroe County had a newspaper supporting the Democratic Party almost continuously since 1842, with the launch of the four-page, weekly Mississippi Advertiser (1842-48), also known as the Advertiser. A series of talented and occasionally related newspapermen moved from one publication to another; Advertiser publishers William E. Smith and William D. Chapman published the succeeding Monroe Democrat (1848-52). When the next Democratic organ, the Sunny South (1856-66?), ended, Sidney Alroy Jonas and another former employee started the long-running Aberdeen Examiner (1866-2008), also called the Weekly Aberdeen Examiner. The Examiner, which also had a tri-weekly edition, eventually absorbed the successor to the Aberdeen Weekly (1878-1933). The Weekly's long-time publisher/editor, Thomas Tuley Deavenport, was the nephew of Dr. Matthew Deavenport, who had published the Monroe Democrat towards the end of its run. The Examiner and the Weekly, also published as the Weekly Ledger, both began with a four-page format and were expanded to eight pages at some point in the 20th century.
The antebellum Aberdeen newspapers focused on national politics as described in the Mississippi Advertiser's prospectus. In addition to supporting Democratic Party ideals, the paper claimed that it would ". . . convey a concise knowledge of the great Cotton markets of Mobile and New Orleans," note "the growth and prosperity of this city," and report on "the arrival and departure of steamboats." Much of the news in 1845 focused on the annexation of Texas as a state. In 1860, the Sunny South supported Democrat John C. Breckinridge for president. Both papers had the typical mid-19th-century mix of content, with more legal notices in the Advertiser and more advertisements in the Sunny South.
After Reconstruction, editorials in the Aberdeen Examiner and the Aberdeen Weekly criticized northern attitudes towards the South, covered economic recovery and modernization efforts, and reported on local versions of national events. Aberdeen was affected by the regional 1878 yellow fever epidemic, and the November 8th edition of the Weekly announced the suspension of the county's quarantine ordinance and carried news of the death of Jefferson Davis's son to the dread disease. Both the Examiner and the Weekly reported on municipal improvements in Aberdeen such as the first telephone exchange established in the early 1880s and the development of the ever important railroad lines. A leader of the prohibition movement and opposed to the local option law, the Aberdeen Weekly published many temperance articles throughout the 20th century. Content also included a mix of general, foreign, national, state, and local news. For example, the October 4, 1918 edition reported on the fundraising tour of the Liberty Loan train, which stopped in Aberdeen, carrying speakers and World War I relics. Serialized stories were also popular; in 1911, the Aberdeen Weekly published the Fires of Montezuma written by the publisher's father, James Johnston Deavenport.
Provided by: Mississippi Department of Archives and History