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Mississippi advertiser. [volume] (Aberdeen) 1842-1848, February 01, 1845, Image 1

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MISSISSIPPI ABYER
BY SMITH & CHAPMAN.
NEW SERIES-VOL. 1 NO 30.
ABERDEEN, MISSISSIPPI,
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 184;
The Mississippi Advertiser
Is published every Saturday morning, at Three
Dollars, per annum in advance, or, Four Dol
lar at the end of six month ; Kiva Dollars at the
expiration of the year.
Advertisements, first insertion ten lines or
less One Dollar , for each subsequent insertion,
Fifty cents. The number of insertions must be
specified on the fuce of the advertisement, or they
will be published until ordered out, and charged
the usual rates above stated.
Kj3 Alt. nnicles of a personal nature will be
charged double the rates above stated Cash in
advance when ndmitted.
O" Political Circulars or Public Addresses
for the benefit of individuals will he charged u
advertisements.
IG On yearly advertisements, a liberal discoun
will bo made. The ptivilegeof yearly advertisers
is limited to their own immediate business ; adver
tisements for the benefit of other persons sent n by
them must be paid for by the square.
(C No paper will he discontinued only a the
option of the publishcis, unless the order be ac
companied by the money.
(jjr Letters on business connected with tho
office must be Post paid to ensure prompt attention.
THE UNITED STATES AND MEXICO
Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Shannon.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE. ?
Washington, Sept. 10, 1844.
Sir: There can be no longer any doubt that
Mexico intends to renew the war against Tex
as on a large scale, and carry it on with more
than savage ferocity. The loan she has au
thorized, and the expeniive preparations she
is making, by land and sea, are sufficient
proofs of the former, and the orders of the
commander of the army of the north, General
Woll, issued the 20th day of June last, and the
decree ofSanta Anna, general of division and
provisional President of Mexico, on the 17th
day of .June, 1843, of the latter. The decree
makes the generals-in-chief of divisions of
the army and the commandant of the coast
and frontier responsible for its exact fulfil
ment. It was under that responsibility, it
would seem, that General Woll, to whom the
Texian frontier was assigned, issued his or
der of the 20th June. After premising, that
the war was renewed against Texas, that all
communications with it must cease, and that
every individual, of whatever condition, who
shall have communications with it shall be
regarded as a traitor, and as such, be punish
ed according to the articles of war, the order
announces, In its third article, that "every in
dividual who may be found at the distance of
one league from the west bank of the Rio
Bravo will be regarded as a favorer and ac
complice of the usurpers of that part of the
national territory, and as a traitor to his
country," and, after a summary military trial,
"shall be punished accordingly." And, in its
fourth article, it also slates, "that every indi
vidual who may be embraced within the pro
visions of the preceding article, and may be
rash enough to fly at the sight of any force
belonging to the supreme government, shall
be pursued until taken or put to death."
In what spirit the decree of the I7ih of .Time
which the order is intended exactly to fulfil,
is to he executed, the fate of the party under
general Sentmanat, at Tabasco, affords an
illustration they were arrested under it, and
executed without hearing or trial, agaUisl the
indignant remonstrances of the French and
Spanish ministers near the government ot
Mexico, who in vain invoked the voice of hu
manity, the sacred obligations of the consti
tution, and the sanctity of treaties, in behalf
of their countrymen who were executed under
tins illegal and bloody decree.
If the decree itself was thus enforced in
time of peace on subjects of friendly powers,
and against the remonstrances of their minis
ters, some faint conception may be formed of
the ferocious and devastating spirit in which
the order of Gen . Woll is intended to be exe
cuted against the inhabitants of Texas, and
all who may in any way, aid their cause, or
even have communication with them it was
under a decree similar to that of the I7ih of
June, 1343, and issued by the same authority
on the 30th of October, 11133, but which was
not so comprehensive in its provisions or so
bloody and ferocious in its character, that
the cold blooded butchery of Fannin and his
party, and other Texan prisoners, was order
id bv Santa Anna in his invasion of 1835.
That decree was limited to foreigners who
should land at any part of Mexico, or arrive
by land,being armed and having hostile inten
tions, or who should introduce arms and mu
nitions of war, to be used at any place in re
bellion, or placed m the hands of its enemies
As savage and outrageous as its provisions
were, bv order of Gen. Woll, intended to car
ry out that of June, 1843, goes far beyond. It
embraces every individual who may be found
east of a line drawn three miles east of the
Rio del Norte, without distinction of age or
sex, foreigner or citizen, condition or voca
tion. All of every condition whether they
resist or surrender, are to be treated as trai
tors, and all who flee to be shot down. The
war is intended, in short to be one of utter
extirpation. All that breathe are to be de
stroyed or driven out, and Texas left a deso
late waste, and so proclaimed to the world by
Mexico, in advance of her projected invasion.
The A H qMtion which presents itself for
consideration on ii statcmentof factis shall
we stand by and Witt?" W silence the re
newai of the war by Mexico, and its prosecu
tion in this blood-thirsty and dW Pl"
Tn nr,Ur tn ntwfr it fullv nnd Mili5WtOnl9
it will be necessary to inquire first in. 'o her
obiect tor renewing the war at this lime-
There can be but one; and that is, to deit
e m , . TT .- OL.
the annexation 01 lexas to our union, sun
knows full well that the rejection of the trea
ty has but postponed the question of annexa
tion. She knows that Congress adjourned
without Anally disposing of it; that it is now
pending before both Houses, and actively can
vassed before the people throughout ths wide
extent of our Union; and that it will In all
probability, be decided in its favor, unless it
should be defeated bv some movement exte
rior to the country. We would be blind not
to see that she proposes to effect it by the
projected invasion, either by conquering and
subjecting Texas to ner power, or uy ivrvin
her to withdraw the proposition tor annexa
tion, and to form commercial and political
connexion with some other power, lesa con
genial to her feelings favorable to her Inde
pendence, and more threatening to her and
our permanent welfare and safety. Of the
two latter is much the more por'.abld. She
once attempted conquest, but signally failed,
although the attempt was made jnder the lead
of her most skillful and renowned general, at
the head of a well-appointed army, consisting
of her best-disciplined and bravest troops,
and while Texas was ret in her infancy,
without a Government, almost witheut means,
and with an inconsiderable population. With
this example before her, she can scarcely
hope to succeed now under a leader of less
skill and renown, and when Texas has set
tled down under a well established Govern
ment, and has greatly increased in means
and population.
It is possible she may be overrun; but to
expect to hold her in subjection with her pre
sent population and means at the distance of
more than twelve hundred miles from the city
of Mexico, with a difficult intermediate coun
try, destitute in a great degree of resources,
would be extreme folly. The very attempt
would exhaust her means and leave her pros
trated. No, the alternative is to drive out the
inhabitants and desolate tke country, or force
her into some foreign and unnatural alliance;
and this, the ferocious and savage order of
Gen. Woll shows, is well understood by Mex
ico, and is in reality, the object of her policy
Shall we stand by and per nit it to be con
summated, and thereby defeat a measure long
cherished, and indispensable alike to the safe
ty and welfare of the United States and Texas?
No measure of policy has been more steadily
or longer pursued, and that by both of the
great parties into which the Union is divided
Many believed that Texas was embraced in
the cession of Louisiana, and was improper
ly if not unconstitutionally, surrendered by
the treaty of Florida in 1819. Under that
impression, and the general conviction of its
importance to the safely and welfare ot the
Union, its annexation has been an object of
constant n uracil ever since. It was twice
attempted to acquire it during the adminis
tration of Mr. AdarKs once in 1825, shortly
after he came into pover, and again in 1837.
It was thrice attempted mi? the administra
tion of his successor, Gen. Jackson first in
1820. immediately after he cune into power,
again in 18:13, and finally in 18, just before
Texas herself made a proposition for annex
ation in 1837. at the commencement of Mr.
Van Buren's administration, which he declin
ed, not however on the ground of opposition
to the measure. The United States had pre
viously acknowledged her independence, and
the example has since been followed by
France and Great Britain. The latter, soon
after her recognition, began to adopt a line
of policy in reference to Texas which has
given greatly increased importance to the
measure of annexation, by making it still
more essential to the safety and welfare, both
of her and the United States.
In pursuance of this long cherished and
established policy, and under the conviction
of the necessity of acting promptly, in order
to prevent the defeat of the measure, the pre
sent administration invited Texas to renew
the proposition, which had been declined by
hi predecessors. It was accepted, and, as
has been stated, is now pending. The ques
tion now recurs, shall we staid quietly, and
permit Mexico to defeat it, without making
an effort to oppose her? Shall we, after this
long and continued effort to annex Texas,
now, when the measure is about to be con-
S u mated, allow Mexico to put it aside, per
haps forever? Shall the "golden opporluni
ty" be lost, never again to retarn? Shall we
permit Texas, for having accepted an invita
tion, tendered her at a critical moment to join
us, and consumate a measure essential to
their and our permanent peace, welfare, and
safety, to be desolated; her inhabitants to be
butchered or driven out, or, in order to avert
so great a calamity, to be forced against her
will into a strange alliance, winch would
terminate in producing lasting hostilities be
tween her and us, to the permanent injury
and perhaps the rutn of both I
The president has fully and deliberately exam
ined the subject, and his como to tho conclu
sion that honor and hummity, as well as the
welfare and safety of both countries, forbid ii; and
that it is his duty during the recesi of Congress to
ttte all hi constitutional means in opposition to it;
leaving that body, when it assembles, to decide on
die course which in its opinion, it would be proper
for the Government to adopt.
In accordance wilh this conclnsion, the Presi
dent would be compelled to regard the invasion of j
lexos by Mexico, while the question ot nnn alien
li pending, as highly offensive to the United Suites.
He entertains no doubt that we had the right to in
vite her to renew tho proposition (or annexation;
and she, as an independent State, had a right to
accept it, without consulting Mexico or asking her
leave. He resards Texas, in every respect, as in
dependent as Mexico, and as competent to transfer
the whole or part of Texas, as she would the whole
or part of Mexico, To go on further hack, under
the Constitution of 132-1. Texas and CoahuHn
were members of the federation formed by the Uni
ted States of Mexico -Texas with Coahulta form
ing one State, with ihe right guaranteed to Texas by
tho Constitution to form a separate State as soon
as her population would permit. Tho several
Statei remained in their rights and equally inde
pendent of each other until 1335, when the Consti
tution was subverted by the military, and all the
States which dared to resist subjugated by force,
except Texas. She stood up manfully and brave
ly in defence of her rights and independence, which
she gloriously and successfully asserted on tho bat
tle eround of Win Jacinto In ISSQj and has ever
since maintained. The Constitution of 132 1 and
her indi?pendt n a, and her valor and her sword have
maintained hor so. She has been ncknow'edced
to be so by three of the lending Powoia of Chris
tendom, and regarded hy ait as such, except Mexi
co herself. Nor has she ever stood in relation to
Mexico as a rebellious department or province,
struggling to obtain independence after throwing off
her yoke; much less as that ol a band ot lawless
intruders and usurpers, without Government or po-
. titical existence, as Mexi
. 11 1.
ice, as Mexico would have the world
to behove. The true relation between them is that
f manendent members of a Federal Government
but now subverted by lorce; the weaKer ot wmcn
..r..afiiltv resisted, under fearful odds, the
attempts of the stronger to conquer and subject her
to its power. It is in that light we regard her, mi
in that we had she right to inv'le her to renew O0
ptnpnsition for annexation, and to treat with her
for admission into the Union, without giving any
,.,... tr. nr violating anv obligations,
by treaty or otherwise, between us and her- Nor
will our honor, any more than our welfare and sa
fety, permit her to attack Texas while the question
of annexation is pending;. If Mexico has thought
proper to take offence it is we, wtio invito a renew
al of her proposition, and not she who except it,
who ought to be held responsible ; and we, as the
responsible partv. ennno'. without implicating our
honor permit another lo suffer in our place. En
tertaining these views, Mexico would moke
great mistake if she should snpnot.e that the Pratt
dent would regard with indifference the ienewat of
the wnr which she has proclaimed against Texas
Our honor and interests are both involved.
But another and a stilt more elevated considera
tion would forbid him to look on with indifference,
As strong- as are the objections to the renewal of
tho war, those to tho manner in which it is to he
conducted are still more so. If honor nnd interest
forbid a tame acnuiesence ia the renewal of the
war, the voice of humanity cries nlond asninst the
manner of conducting it. All tho world has an in
terest, that the rules and usages of war, as estab
lished between civilized nations in modern times,
should bo respected, and are in duty bound to resist
their violation and to tee them preserved. Inthis
case, that duty is pre-eminently ours. Wc are
neighbors the nearest to the scenng of tho proposed
atrocities, most competent to judge, from our prox
imity, nnd for the snrnorenson, enabled more read
ily to interfere. From this reason, also, our sym
pathy would be more deeply wounded, by review
ing the mingled scenes of misery which would pre
sent themselves on all sides, and hearing tho groans
of the suffering : not to mention the dangers to
which wo would be exposed in conseuuenee, on a
distant and weak frontier, with numerous and pow
erful bands of Indians in this vicinity.
If any thins; can add to tho atrocity with which
it is proclainmcd war will bo waged, it is the bold
ficlion,regardles9 of the semblance oftriilh.lo which
the Government of Mexico hns restored, iu order
to givo color to tho decree of Juno 11143, and th
orders of General Woll. Finding nothing in the
conduct of the Government or people of Texas to
satisfy their bloody nnd ferocious character, it has
assumed, in wording them, that there is no such
Government or community as Texus, that the indi
viduals to bo found there are lawless intruders and
usurpers, without political existence, who may
rightfully be treated as a gang of pirates out
casts from society and, as such, not enti:led to
the protection ot tho laws of nations or humanity.
In this assumption it obstinately persists, ,n spite
of tho well-known, and excepting tlip Government
of Mexico, the universally ndmitttd fact, hat the
colonists of Texas, instead of being intruders and
usupcrs, were invited to rmUo there first under a
grant by tho Spanish authority, to Moses Austin,
which was afterwards confirmed by the Mexican
authority; nnd subsequently by similar grnts from
the State of Texas nnd Conliuila, which t was au
thorized to issue by the Constitution of 1324.
They came there as invited not invited for their
own interests, but those of Spain and Mexico to
protect a weak and helpless province from the
ravages or'wandering tribes of tttdiaQSi to improve,
cultivate nnd render productive, wild and almost
uninhabited Walt, and to mttfce that vulsnhlo which
was before worthless. All this they affected, at
groat cost, and with much danger and difficulty,
inch nothing but American energy and prsever-
ance coum overcome not. only unniued by Mexico,
but mosilc W the irr pediments caused hy her in
terfearanc..
Instead ot" a lawless gail of adventurers, a!
they are assume. I to be by the Government of Mex
ico, tho invited cofOniita became in a tew years n
poition ot the members Pi the .Mexican Union, am
Droved themselves to tie WS descendant! of a free
and hardy race-, by the brjvsry nnd energy witl
which they met the subyertefJ fff the Constitution
of 1824, nnd successfully preserve.'' their indepen
lence. inia done, they rave a still lusher proof
oi their deseen', hy establishing' wise n'i free insti
tundra, and yielding ready obedience to the laws
of their own enacting. Under the influence of
these causes, they hivo enjoyed poneeand security-
wink- thrir industry mid energy, protected by equal
laws, have wid ly extend, d the limits of cultivation
ami improvement over their beautiful country.
It is such a people, living under free and well es
tablished Government, and on whoso soil ' no hos
tile foot has round rest" for the Inst eight vears,
who have been recognized and introduced as one of
its members into the family of nations, that Mexico
has undertaken to treat as a lswless banditi. and
against whom, as tuoh she 1ms proclaimed a war of
extermination, forgetful of their exalted and gen
earns humanity, whom, during the former invasion,
they spared the forfeited life ofhim who ordered
and those who butchered in cold blood the heroic
Fannin and his biavo associates regardless plight
ed faith. Tho Government of Melloo may delude
itself bv its bold lotions, but it canno: delude the
rest of the world, it will be judged and held re
sponsible, not by what it may choose to regard as
facts, nnd upon such, but by what are in reality
ficts, known nnd acknowledged by nil save herself.
Such am the v)ewi vrhlflH 'he President enter
tains in reference to the renewal of the war, after so
long a suspension, and under existing circumstan
ce's, and tho barbarous and bloody manner
which it is proclaimed it will be Conducted, lie
instructs you. accordingly, to eddlM. without do
lay to tho proper department of the Mexican Gov
ernment, a communication, in which you will state
the views ontertained by him in reference to the re
newal of the war while the question of tho nnnexa
tion is pending, and ihe manner in which it ii in
tended, to be conducted, and to protest against
both in strong Uaguage, accompmned hy declara
lions that tho President cannot regaid ihem with
indifference, but us hlffbhr offensive to the United
States. You are oIho instructed to renew the dec
laration made to the Mexican Secretary hy our
Charge d' Affairs; in announcing the conclusion of
the treaty, that the measure was adopted in no
spirit ol hostihtiy to Mexico, and if annexation
should be conauinated, the U Stales will bo prepar
d t" adjust all questions growing out of it inclu
ling that boundary, on the most liberal terms.
I am, sir, very respectfully,
Yourobedient servant,
J. C. CALHOUN.
Wilsoh Shannon, Esq , &c.
Kkntucky. Both Houses of tho Legislature of
this stale have passed resolutions in favor of a re
duction of posiago and the restriction of the frank
ing privilege.
Cotton Market. From tho 3d to the 7th inst.
21,000 bales of Colton were sold in New Orleans
principally tor too bngiiso mantei? prices ranging
from 3A to 64 VToStdra produce is in very little
demand.
Some of the Washington letter writer think ihn
(he Globe, the Madisonian nnd the Constitution will
all bo consolidated into one paper and Mi, Hitchie
of tho Richmond Enquirer, or Mr. Claiborne of tb
Joffersonian Republican hcort.o tho Kditor. Mr,
Blair will bo provided with a foreign mission, and
tho other present Lditora receive vuimus other ap
pointments.
The thing is not so unreaonable a at first blush
tt may be thought. In what other wny are all thee
papers at asliitigtou to be returned and tuppoi tedi
The Boston papers announce tho election, on tho
Gth inst., of the Hon. V. Dillingham (Democrat)
aa a Kepresentntive in the next Cungtess from th
4lh Pistrtct ot Vermont.
The Hon. Mr. Kvans, Senator from Maine, it is
stated, proposes inking up his residence in New
York, to rractico law.
I'oPur.ATioN in Canada. In tho Inst rhiiteen
years, the population of Lower Canada has increns
ed thirty-threo per cent, in loo t it was o 1 1 ,vlv
this yearG7B(;yu. It 's supposed that the mciease
would have been mucli larger out tor tho chnleru
1832 and T34, and the revolutionary troubles
1837 and 38, which caused emigration thence nnd
from Europo to flow more rapidly into the United
States.
From the Plebeian.)
Will the present Congress act upon the great
question of annexation t shall thit great mean
ure be procrastinated, when the people have
demanded immediate action, t
We perceive, being at the seat of the National
Government, the necessity of popular demonstra
tions, hv public meciings and Ihe voice of the press,
to prick on a portion of our members of Congress,
to such action upon the annexation question, si
the result of the Presidental election demands of
our Representatives. Delay upon tho question if
dangTous. It may lose us a vast territory alien
ate from us the sympathies of ihe bravo peop'e of
our sister republic place on our south west a pow
er and influence which may cripple our resources,
cnecrt our miure greatness and hazard tho stability
of our institutions. Yes, delay may produce all
these results. A refusnl to carry out the national
desiro, hy the prompt, decisive and immediate re
annexation of Texas to the United States, may
lose it to us forever, and pstmblish on another hor
der of our territory ihe influence and sway of Great
Britain. We havo her already on the norih am
on the north west, she is laying tho foundation of
her empire her islands nlready dote tho gulf of
Mexico and her intrigue is seen in the impudent
conduct of the Mexican government towards our
people and their agent, nnd her designs i.iade pal
pSple by her interference in our neoc'ations and
affairs. She is wistfully looking to Texas ns her
prey, with a full expectation of its advantages lo
her policy, commercial and ambitious. Is there a
single Democratic member in Congrpus who ran
hope to jusLify his conduct before the Democraev of
the country, if he refuses, ore the first and earliest,
occasion, to give this great notional qoestiori of an
nexation an honest and hearty support t Is there
olio who will continue the petty cavils on frivulous
points which led to Us rejection, nr. the Inst session,
now that the people have spoken T Will these Lili
pulians sophisiriso in relation te "the treaty,"
which certain wiseacres brought up in judgment to
defeat this measuie, be agiiin urged? We must
not. To defeat or to procra-tinnte it, will be fatal
to every Democrat north, ami it will be equally so
to every Whig South of Mason and Dixon's line.
Tho annexation question is n great National a
grent American question nnd what Democrat will
have the temerity to throw obstacles in the wav of
its immediate consumatton? Small points of ob
jection can bo tolerated upon smnll measures, but
upon such n qriSStwh an this, involving tho general
welfare, he will be regarded as silly or treacherous
who will bring ns incident to its prompt determina
tion, the question "whether eggs are best broken at
the broad or nurrow end.'' For our own part, we
agree wilh General JacUson, that "the golden op
portunity shou'd not be lorf" and with him we
looked upon the rejection of the treaty with pnin
anil anxiety. Objection- to minor dt tails of the
Treaty should not have b-en considered when na
tion.'il necessity demands a sacrifice. It was a
fearful responsibility to vole against that Treaty.
Had ioxns been over-run by the hord ot Mexico)
had these barbarians buind down its cities and
villages: had the bravo Texians hecn slain, and
their women tortured and their little ones left to
perish; bad these followed the rejection of tho
Treaty, (and thev wero not without the bound of
probability:) or had Britain intorposed to prevent
this slaughter nnd waste, and the Texians, upon
the principle of sell preservation, had thrm
themselves under British protection, how could
Democratic Senator, especially, have met bis con
ifuents. How would his cuixtitucncy havu met
hit.tr roran nije of Senatorial place we would
not hsvo looked the people in the eyo under such
circumstances. Hut tho hazard has been run anil
wo now look, and the people of tho country are
looking on with earnestness to see what will bo
one with this great moasuro by the present Con
ross. There aro four propositions for the Annex
ation presented. The bill of Mr. llcnion, to which
we mint religiously object, that introduced by Mr.
MeDuffie in tho Senate and Mr. ingerson in io
House, which Is a copy of tho Treaty. The bill of
Mr. Welter of Ohio; nnd tho joint resolution re-
ntly introduced by Mr. Douglass of Illinois. 1 m I
lat prpoiti'in we have read with much p.ttflniion,
and it seemes to meei with much faier in ii BSPtng
Satf. Convention. "Intriguing PUUicians-
ice artfU an intrignc 6atc to the party; per
fect g rah -alls no intriguing, boytfair play
no crabbing trc tmcU it wolf intrigue !"
lfiis is the substance 01 an artlOJO in a late num
ber of ihe Columbus Democrat, which has been
copied into several other papers. The Aberdeen
Advertiser in replying says:
Lowndes county has a U, S. Sennmr; a mem
ber nf Co&ffrttSt a cumulate for the Judgeship of
the High Court of hrtors and Appeals; f cand d
fdr circuit Judge; two or mo e candidntcs for
Marshall; one or more candidates for UOflgreil
and It Is BUI a snort unn.i btm-u sno imu uiv uuTani
, . . i t : I I 1 1. ii
or of the Sta'e. Neighbor, do not say anything
about "intrtiiuitii; politicians, for the town of Co
lumbus i only equalled by Jackson for harboring
the most unscrupulous nest ot them in tho CUate
Verily, the editor ot tlie Lolnmtms Lfemocrat, is
in nn admirable location 10 amoii om an intrigue :
We have seen several vague hints of tho same
ind, of diro plots, of schemes to supersede Gov
BrOwn fec If such exist let l he in tie exposed
!dly and openly, without mysterious muendoes,
UtptQtOUl declnirner, csiomww v cngmm.r unu
reeling tad to render all liable 10 IDS charge 01
joining in secret contentions find scrambles for the
different officH
Itis a cmious fact while Lowndes, with t or flUO
li mocratie voters, Hal ha I so great a share in filling
tho different stations, the Inre and important ISO
tion of the SiatS embracing in its circuit the counties
nf Madison, Leake, Winston, Atialla, Choctaw,
Caickasaw, l'onola, Yalobusha, Cnrrnfl, Holmes,
and Yazoo, casting some six ihousand, or one-fourth,
of the ilcmocntic vote of the Stuto, haa not been
idled unon (for the lout seven years, to our knowl-
edg",) to furnish even a cundidule tor any atalion
higher than the suooiciiimie omcps aooui me cnpi
tol. While the extreme North, the extreme East,
the extreme South, and Lowndes county, has hi en
well remembered, the extreme centre has been
entirely overlooked.
Notwithstanding ad this, wo oonvre wo ijman
the unanimous sentiment of the dernoCrncy lierrn
bouts, when we say that they care not from what
section of tho State, or what county, tho candid
ates are chos in, so they he the most capable, fit and
worthv. But if the claims of tho North of one
section and another si e to be considered a crite
rion in selecting candidates, then the harmony ol
tho party requires that th') claims ot all sections
should be ftiirly considered. Wo hope our able
ami respected cotemporane, who seem to labor
der such apprehensions ol intrigue ami toui man
agemcnt, will watch wilh SgUS eyes, ana expose
the earliest developments or prooi oi sum nesigns
.ludeinff from tho past, their own immediate neigh
borhoo Is are most likely lo be the thrcatros of such
aanlotta. Should thai be contemplated or attempted.
For nursed, we havo no favorites wnose claims we
would advance, and seek only the union of the par
ty and iho maintenance of harmony, tolerance und
goodfeeling; nor do we charge DtnttS With timet
ent motives.
If sufficient time be given to ensure a full repre
sentation in the Convention in allow the people to
canvass the merits and pnssupon the OUUrosOi those
who mny be brought forward, or who may aspire
to the different rtsUtOOS . ticket will he. tormeo
Respite intriguing nod !eg-ro lin
which will cunfer
honor upon, and ensure success to the Demncruiir
patty. In the mean time, let every democrat urge
tho claims of his favorite, end express freelv his
opinions on nil matters of public policy, without
being charged with Intrigue, unjust maneuvering,
or a design lo create dicoid. Mutual forbearance,
tolernuce, and concession, is neermary ton success
ful organization. 'Mississippi democrat.
fhe other day, we cave a brief extract frem the
Democratic Review, setting frth the "GsUf EBAL
Issue," which had made up in tho Into eonteit for
the Presidency nnd the verdict which fftftd been
given by the people. That upon the whole case,
the people had decided in favor nf Dpm cnit ie prill
ciples; nnd that the party now about to lake the
management nfnflairs is the more sound in doctrine.
the more safe in its gnneral direction, the more
honest rind reliable in it men. This the renin
question iwtltoh has been decided in the election of
Polk and Dallas. But in deciding few main oues-
tiou. they have decided nn rr.rny particular issvis
that were necessarily involved in it. nd in deci-
ttng against Mr Clay, they decided also, against t
1st. A United States Bnnk.
2d. The distribution of the proceeds of the pub
lic land-.
3rd. The abolition of tho Veto power. In fnct
in regard to this, ti quote the article which we have
nlready (tefered to "nothing further need be said
than that a decent courtesy tn the feelings of our
oponents places a 'Veto' upon an siluslon now to
that point. As nn issue as a practical pfqj0t
reposed and Opposed it can certainly bo Slid to
have been more than born. It died in tho very
nurse's ormes, before it had even time to crv.
Two tOOOblng epitaphs have been written upon lit
tle humanities thus proved to have been so very
leor to Ihe gods hy the fact of il.eir dying so very
young. We leave toils friends to choo-e between
llicin. Tho first is the well Unown couplet
"The nip of life ust to its lips it pressed,
Fottnd the taste bitter, and declined the rest.'
The other recommends itself by a still more pa
thetic and tender beauty, so as decidedly to secure
the prof rence of our recommendation fort he occa
sion "Since I was so early done f ,r,
I wonder what I was began for!"
4th. A high tariff for protection. Though, on
this question there is not that unanimity thruoghoot
toe democratic puity, that there i on the other
questions. Yet tho difference Is not so crent ai at
first soma might be ltd to suppose, the difference
being more in tho misnpplicaMon ol leims than any
thir.t else. Mr. Polk's letter to Kane, and Mr
Wright's speech m Watertown, contain the doe
trine upon which the whole democratic partv will
probably harmonize, when the measure of inciden
tal protection :s properly understood.
In Shilling Mr. Polk, the pcoph have decided in
favor;
1st. Of having no more money raised hy taxa
tion or impost, ilian is necessary for the economical
administration of the government.
2H. Ul having the public money under the con
trol of nn Independent Treasury
3rd Of UM annexation of Texas. (Though
this in soother question, upon which theio is a di-
versity ot opinion in tho demo ratio ranks. Yet to
a greut extent the difference consists in the time
fur carrying out the measuie more than in any
thing else. )
4th Of securing the Oregon Territory against
the encroachments ot ureal untam.
In notieeing tho above mensiires, we have only
given some of the particular issues, involved in the
Inst, contest. Thev aro a kind of landmark by
bleb, we run judge of wh i will be the general
course of legislation under the new administroiion.
Ihaltlie principles of the democratic partv are
bound to prevail in this country, them can no
uestion. Comblnatiouu of different tactions m
titrifs of genera discontent may for a short tim
p iin the asoendenoy apparently ; I ut thev am ns the
eddies along the banks of the river that iweUpi by
us with the wealth of the Mississippi Valley on its
bosom. They do not prevent the onward march of
the majestic current. Tho prtnri le of th. demo
crntic party in tho main are such as find a warm
support in a deflitied majority m the American
people. If the new administration adhere, ns we
have no doubt it will do, to the main features of the
democratic policy as developed in the late con
test, it will command the warm support of the
whold democrnlic party and the few disconten
ted spirits, that for lehtaD purposes will attempt to
embarrass it, will find themselves alone, unsuppor
ted by the people, floating in aomn liulo eddy of
their own creation. Vicksbnrg Sent.
From the Clobe.
If other evidence were wanting of the in
terference of Of tat Britain in the concerns
of this country as regards its relations with
Texas, we have it in the subjoined letter,
which although written, as will be seen from
its context, in the interchange of friendly
correspondence not for publication contains
information of such vital interest tn the conn
try, that we cannot hesitate to throw it before
the public. The venerable patriot from whose
pen it comes, will we feel assured, pardon the
liberty we take, when heees, in the article
copied from the London Times, what vast
Combinations in Europe are contemplated to
give etfect to tho influence now at work in
Texas:
Hermitage, January I, 1H45.
My Dear Mr. 1-lair: 1 cannot forbear on
this first day of the year 1145, to let you
know that I am still in the land of the living,
although greatly afflicted and debilitated.
My whole lamily join me in Kind salutations
to you and yours, wishing you the joys of the
season. May you all live to see many happy
new years.
I observe that you have before Longress
loo many joint resolutions for the reanneta
tion of Texas. This argues want of unanim-
ty in the Democracy upon this great national
and most important subject. I have just re
ceived from Mr.j. DoneUon, a letter dated at
Washington, In TetsvS, from which 1 would
infer, that if Congress expect to annex Texas
to the United Slates, they must act speedily,
or it will be found to be beyond our grasp.
The rejection of the advances of 1 exas has
ciren ottence to some, ami a Damon to oin
ers to press the liberal propositions of Eng
land upon the 1 exians; together with me
sr lendid view of Texas independent, growing
into a vast Republic, in tunc to embrace not
only the limits of Texas, but all the domain
once Monteiuma's: This view to ambitious
aspirants, added to the guaranties of England
of her independence, and the loan of large
sums for ten years based upon a Treaty that
KngUsh manufactures shall be free of duty,
is gaining a party m i exas. General Hous
ton is still the leading siar; and his influence
alone can be counted upon to resist, the pre
sent influence of England and its increasing
power. How long this influence of Bnfflatod
can be successfully withstood in Texas, is be
coming a very questionable matter. 1 have
taken a view of the whole ground giving to
all ibfortriition its due weight and I say to
iJW-i that, unless Congress acis upon iota
Object promptly, Texas will be beyond out
grasp, and lost to the United Slate foreer
unless regained by the sword. What will
the situation ofour country. WithjJBrilish man
ufactures introduced dutyfree into Texas
Comment is unnecessary.
I hazard nothing in saying that, if the pre
sent Congress do not act promptly upon this
subject, the next will not have the power.
The consent of Texas cannot then be obtain
ed. Great Britain will have laid the lion's
paw upon her, bound her hy treaty.
1 am exhausted; from Maj. Donelsun's Ici
ter,and other sources of information.ihc dan
ger of losing Texas seemed so eminent, (hat,
aitno feeble, I could not forbear to say this
much to you, that you might communi "ale it
lo my friends. May God bless you and
yours.
ANDREW JACKflON,
M. C. Fit Lb, Eo, .Tho following irihm-
to the memory of M. C. Field, late one ol the
editors of the St. Louis Reivelte. is copied
from that paper:
Afar at sea, nor wife, nor children near,
To soothe his parting, Pha.ma's spirit (led'
""The ocean winds arc wailing for the dead.
And down beneath the waves the iriton rear
A coral temple o'er his couch. Since here
His mind contemplative was gently ted
To song: to charm the world's cold ear
instead
Of striving, after baser ends, the (ear
Of sympathy of honorable men
Shall kindly fall, while gentle woman's heart
bha!l treasure up his melodies; and when
The final trump calls on the dead to start,
Sweet .shall his summons be "Tn joy awake
Whose hymn was ever, sordid earth forsake!"
From the Boston Courier
OLD MAIDS A 8okxti
nr hans von spiiaia.
I am a lover of all woman kind,
And maidens oM are not old maids to me,
Though beauty flees, there still remains the
mind!
And mind is surely better Company!
What tho ihe harp be new and trimmed with
goldf
Does sweeter music tremble in its tone
Than when the gaudy polish lias grown
And naught is left but sweet accord alone!
Or is the gem held in less high esteem,
Because the casket hdef .ced by time?
A woman's mind a priceless gem I deem
Her heart a harp that music yields sublim ,
No wonder that years hide not from me
The jewel's glow the harps sweet melodi
Air nor-'onAMY MEMitEii or fr-Hi CYat Cnn.
The Boston Clay Club Aro. I, when thev h
solved left this legacy; "We are fully of the
opinion of one of tho most gifted of our hon
orary members, as lately expressed bjrhifti
in Fauuil Hall, vu:
"What though the field be lost,
All is not lust: the uticonquerable will,
The stern resolve, and Courage never to sub
mit.1 As this wa. expressed by Satan, in Milton's
Paradise lost, book 1, pae 4, it follows thai
Lucifer was an honorary member of Clay
Club No. I, does not it? Boston Post.
Gen. Can. The Jeffersontao, published n
I'ontinr, M ehignn. iy " la HtiVV it .j,, on
lubjefit, wm nave the bent of nuthoritv for .viii
thai (Ti n. Casi tnaaecept tho trust'1 or IJ, S. Sen'
tor, "whhdi we sincerely hunu will bo nnsnlmnu i
ly conferud on htm.
Quint a CuntOsiTT. The editor of the New
York Express says hn saw n Bible printed in 1209!
The nrt of printing WSJ fHiCOverod som3 150 jrarn
nftet ihat date.
The bill in the Soflth Carolina Legislature, ttvini
the eholoe of Prtstdnitsl election to in People,
Instead of the Legislature) has been Indefinitely
postponed.
Mike Walsh oftha 'subterranean,' Is in prison a rain
in York: having been found galley of a libel on one
Individual and of assault and battery on another.
Miko will Jceep himself In hot water.
W have good authority for saying that the ru
mor, that President Tylei wis to be presented with
a eradte, malicious insinuation, nntirly ground
less. A President presenter! With ia cradle! Bahl
A letter from Naples, of November 5, in GftJtg
nnni, my t "The famous volennn of the Valley of
Solf.Ufttn, n--ftr Pusso?, in tho kingdom of jVahles,
of wlrch the last erttptioh took place ini 198, bur
which sent up in ism quantities of boiling water
Ins heen for loms oji eKhlMtfngthe last mention
ed phenomenon. The (rater which it now pmiu li
strongly charged with sulphur. It issues from the
pintnrn crntt-r hi jots about fifteen to twenty feec
high.
The foundation stone of tho new right Housn nt
Havana was la! I with tbe usitatcer 'monies on the
3th insrant. This light will he U2 feet ab'vo the
level or tho lea.and will be dlscornable fifteen mile
from the port-
Bright Thought, A Nantooket whaleman
savs ho nuver rnurd ins giittei ing Innre to pierce the
marvellous ns!
nut tin tnoogUt Ot the word of
i grease wo give our ibinlns
,oid Byron ('T
blades-"
Tim Boston Times iHds, that, in duo tim, '.'ru t-
additional volumes of Mr Bsnereft's valuable Ms
tory will appnr taking up ihi ihbjeot Where (he
last VOtttme left U, nnd btin;in it down rfj tho Hm l
wh-n General Washington took tho Presidential
chair.
Letters from Washington, dared 13th inst, In
form ii that Mr. Clingman of North Carolina, and
Mr. Yanr-y of Alabama, wen to fight a du d on that
day tu :i o'clock 1 M.
Mrs Tyler, the proiicltnf renloa of th- White
House, says tho Correspondent of rho Philadelphia
Lodger, has isiusd a nhase, requiring tbt-fbreigri
ministers to appear in court dresses, and our Now
mid Army in their impropriate uniforms tit her
"draw In gHNMRi pfirties
-
ITo-. R, J, WiKR. A large nurnl'or of Dem
ocrats of tho city and eeunry of Philadelphia, as
fieniblfil at tho steamboat binding nn Settirdnv af
ternoon. to welcome the Hon. li. .1. Walker "t
Mississippi,, who was passing through Philadelphia
on his way tn Washington. Up mi tho arrival of
tie atsnngurshed nenntor, h was received with pv
iy eppMsion of rap i and attention, nnd tsforl -i'd.
to the letfdence Of Mr Dallas, wher he remain
cd for come boms previous to Mi departure for tho
anatof Government
Most of theNew Or h ent pup
in tlm n-ouut of iho defeat art
Anna,,
ts plane eonAdoure
I eimiuto M' Santa

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