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Mississippi advertiser. [volume] (Aberdeen) 1842-1848, February 08, 1845, Image 1

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NEW SEltlES-VOL. i NO to,
S A T U R D $ Y, F E 1J R U A R Y 8 , 14 1 5.
The Mississippi U'crticr
Ti puMisltcd every Saturday morning, nt Three
Oiir.i.Aits, per annum in advance, or, Fnuit Oof
hV3 at lire end of sW month; Km: Dollars nt the
expiration of tlio year.
AnvEKTisKMK.vTS, (iri insertion ten lines or
pl Ooe Dollar t for each subsequent insertion,
Fifty cents. 'i lie number bf insertion must be
(.pecirii-'il on the fueo of the tidvoiiisement, ortheV
vill be published until brdetrt! out, ami charged
iIil' usual rules above slated.
IJCT Ai.r. article of 11" perform! nature will be
charged double tlm rates obovo itutud Caih in
advance when ndmitted.
C-T Political Circulars or Public Addresses
fortho benefit of individuals will be cburgoj ni
advertise menu.
0 On yearly edVfertHementiVo liberal discount
will bo made. Tlio privilege of yearly atfyertiaeVl
g limited to iheir own immediate buiineil ; adver
tfaemepti for ties benefit of other persons lent hi by
them mint be pn'ul fur by the square.
(CT No paper will bo disci ntinued only ntthe
npii.ni of the publi'slieis, utileil the order be ac
coinnapied by the money.
(CT Lett ns on btuni.eVi buu bee tfd wltn tbe
oflieo must ic Vast paid to ensure prompt alien
lion. ,.
(From the LJoctcii Poit.)
OP THE TjNION proposed.
Things are a pproacliing n crisis with re
gard to the perpetuity of our Union. The
great Whig party of the North are every
where proclaiming through their presses, and
orators, atul public meetings; the sentiment
that the annexation of Texas will be a disso
lution of the Union. Appeals the most in
llamatory arc made to prepare the people for
au over act. A convention Is propo-ed, and
strongly ndvocaied'uy the whiys, to meet at
Panetttt Hall, in which Ma.ssachusctta i.s call
ed; upon to take the lead. And to cap the cli
max, the Liberator, dated pec. 27, JiMl, con
tains the following petition. Head it one and
To the Seuatu and House of Repres cutaiiees of
the United States.
The memorial and petition of the uhder
.signed, inhabitants of the town of , in
the State of , respectfully represents as
Ad lows :
That your memorialists, deeming slave
holding a heinous sin, and convinced that
slavery ought to be immediately and forever
abolished, look upon the Constitution of the
United Blatea tis enjbininitig obligations and
duties which me incompatible with allfigj'
ance to QtAl, and with the enjoyment ofifce
dom and equal rights
The clauses of that instrument to which
they refer, arc those relating to the slave
basis of representation those empowering
'oogfMM to suppress insurrection, and grant
ing to the several State. security against do
mestic violence, ai d that allowing the recap
ture of fugitive slaves.
The fi st of llie.se, relating to representa
tion, confers on a slavehoblin community
additional power fur every slave held among
tbe ni and thus tempts them to continue to up-
hold the s stem. it lias introiiuceii an aris
tocratic element into the midst p( uur repub
lican iustiiu lions, and thus enabled slavehold
ers to monopolise die oilices and dictate the
policy of Government i to prostitute the
stivngh and influence of the nation to the
support of elavery here and elsewhere; jo
trample on the rights of the free States, lid
nulic the courts of the country their tools;
in the words of a distinguished statesman. 'it
has made the preservation, propagation arid
perpetuation of slavery the vital and anima
ting spirit of the National Government."
Those relating to "Insurrection" and "do
mestic violence," though perfectly innocent
m themselves, yet being made with the fact
distinctlv in view that slavery exists among
us, do deliberately pledge the whole national
force agaiuit the unhappy slave, if he imitate
our fathers ami resist opp e.ssion; thus ma
king us partners in the guilt of sustaining
The last clause, relating to fugitive slaves,
is a promise, on the part of the whole nation,
to do that which God's laws expressly con
demn, and which every noble feeling of our
nature repudiates with !oathing and contempt.
The clauses your memorialists cannot en
gage to support: and, though living under in
stitutions which profess to be founded on the
consent of the governed, conscience forbids
thorn to assent to Hie Constitution of the Uni
ted States. They are consequently debarred
from all active participation in the govern
ment of their country.
Further : your memorialists are convinced
that the natural consequences of such a com
promise as they have referred to- between
right and wrong, have followed Us adoption
in swift and frightful succession, to wit : the
wide extension and vigorous growth ol slave
ry and the slave trade the multiplication of
the victims of oppression from half a million
to nearly three millions the establishment
by law, in one half of the country, pt vast
system of lewdness, robbery, murder, ami
heathenism the denial of the right of peti
tion, and the free exereibc of speech in Con
gress the imprisonment and enslavement of
Northern seamen in Southern ports, on ac
count of their complexion the complete sub
jugation of the General Government to the
will and service of the slave power the ut
ter corruption of the politics, morals, and re
ligion of the people the robbery of the north
of its hard earned wealth, to a vast amount,
nnd the degradation and impoverishment of
Northern laborers and, finally, the outlawry
from one half of the Republic of every out
spoken and uncompromising friend of God
and liberty.
In view of those facts, your nieinorialiits, dis
claiming citizenship, und repudiating the present
Constitution as n covennnt with denth und on agree
ment with hcli, aik you to take immetliuto mem-
urns, bv a national convention or otherwise, (ordiu
tulving tbe union of these States."
Tbe works of such men as Washington, Frank
lin, ami Madison, a eovenent with dcuth and on
agreement with hell!
But to show how extensive is to bo the effort to
dissolve the Union, wo quote the following odilarial
lecommendaiion m the mine paper:
"No Union with. Slaveholder- Lot the peti
tion lo Congress, in another column, for a dissolu
tion of the Union, through a ntuonal convention, be
copied, or cut out and uOixed to strips of loiter pa
ver, and circuiuieu in uv-iy mwgi iown, una pmki
In th0 commonwealth. Be prompt and active I
tbe cause of slavery, ami victory is sure. Those
whose motto if, 'no union with slaveholder!,' are
extiected lo be particularly ussiduous to procure
signature to thii petition. Now to the work,
'with a will.' Remember, th present seasio:i ter
minates on the '1th of march ; therefore, not a mo
merit's delay Is in admissible. A 'Libemtor Kt
Ira,, fontoWng a variety of Mlltbni, km been
printed, and will be gratuitously distributed among
ibo active friends of eur cause in the Common
wealth. Here then is ii bold, opn movement for an Irm
mediate dessolution of the Union. li show how
intimately connected are the designs of the Federal
leaders with tbe designs of file Abolitionists, we
make the following extract from a fanatical article
(editorial) that appeared in the leading Whig or
gan ot this Store the Uoston Atlas Dec. 21
"The A.txEXATros ofTkxas W cull upon
the good people of ibis Commonwealth of Mft
chusetts to keep n firm nnd steady eyo upon the
movements of this national administration, in ip
JMIM to this infernal project of the annexation" bf
Texas to this Union. No political mea uro was ev
ei brought bgftire this people, tliat be'iari to com
pare, Irt m&gnftndo of in turpitudi-, with 'thin, h
involves the whole broad nuestiun of the neiman-
once of our (iovernment, and the cjminimhce of
our Union, lie mutnot fdsO sibt of it for one
moment. Wo must be ready to act- promptly,
fvarTi'njty, effeciunlly when the time comes, "if
conte il ever does. Massachusetts cannot she
rVlUrt not she will not submit to the annexation
Of Texftl to ibeso United Stales. Let triii ide;i bv
imprest d firmly, indelibly, upon tbepnblie mind,
tnis; TTrtiori is h partnership of twenty six States.
No new State cAtl be ndmitled K'ltKout .he consent
of all the oh! Stntes. MsssschuSefts ij iotislied
wlfh trie trnlonWi it stands. 8iu intends to abide
by, adhere to, and uphold, this Union, with her nt
most ubiliiy ami pmvev. Tliegrnnd galsxy of the
twgntjM. stars sufliciently I'lVnl-rnt U) light h'-r on
intbopntli of plory, and hoi.or. nnd hanpiiiess.
She desires not a ruy from thu 'l.orre Star,' but is
u illing lo let that star shine annc."
Thus ilie A this affiPrhi that the 'i nforniil" annex
ation project involves "The eontimianco of our
Union. 'jFh It aHirms that iMailSchu setts must
not, cannot, will no', submit to have Texat a part
of this i'ttion! Of eourft, In esse Cdnifressenatt
lawi to anhex Texas, iMassadljusetls will be called
up jji to enaent once in rebeMion.' Remember
that this comes Horn a prr's acknowledged hy Ihr
M frig party to U it, 1 chief organ in Ncic ng
land! A paper that reflects Federal setuinientd now,
jwst aj thu liotton Sentinel ivllprtcd Federal leijti
riK'ut Ihlrly Mews ago. To show what this senti
ment i, we fjudtq other extracts from the laymes of
"U'e iJiall mUinly ronsidi r the annexation of
I exas, or any other foreign St:ite to this country i
W a virtual disso'utiori of the Union, and wo nppic-
heml licit such VBlt anitiori to out terrltov and
popu'ation would ho far change (be nature audi cir
cumstances of tlio connection as to absofvu the die?
leotinf States fcprri any futniAr obligation under ilie
original coiitracj of Union."
John Reed, Lieutenant-Cove nor of this Siate,
says, in his letter of Auut 4, liJM:
"It must be understood that uWrue .States will
rTeTTTr r'consent nor submit to the annexation .if Tpv.
astotliid Union. Hindi unr.exntion would nink
in its dissolution, Indeed, ihu ftJinexation. with
out provision in tho Guflbkwithin! arid u Ithout eoh
Sent, woulil bo an ablution fnan the bonds un.lob-
hirations ol the Constitution.
41so tho deolaitioa of ihirteeu Whig Repre
sempU're ConrVM, headed by John Quinry Ad-
'We Win its not to sav thai nmwsitltnfi nfT.-t.
tedby onysLt of nraceeainai of the Federal Go
verninent, orany of us departments, would be idem
tfcal vadi dissolution.
Not only inevitably to result in a dissolution of the
Union, but fully to justify it."
Nor is tb I all. The Federal clergy of Now
aglarid are in tbe political field, preaching weakly
in their de-ks political Bernions, the whole tenden
cy hf which is to Influence tbe pulic mind, and set
it in the Federal current. Some of iheir sermons
have b'en printed, und edition after e dition sent
out to the p ojilo. The last occasion aspojimn
f ihe res was upon the recent meeting of the
Ljeue-r.d cour'. Rev,. Mr. Biaman, who p readied
the election Kcrmon, for whkdi he received the
thanks of die Senate of Mas ichuseits, was foil of
holy honor at tbe prospect of annexation, and the
spread of Romanism! Its object evidently was tu
;iid tlio lag enme. And it is a ipectlpen ot the
oianrn-r in which the Fedend clergy now, ns they
did in the limes of the (apt Boston convention, as
sert anil dvfeiid thoir political opinions. It all helps
on this disunion project!
Here, then, is a seheme proposed f r an imme
diate dissolution or" the Union, that it is to be ad
vocated in every town in MaMMfansettMl Arid
bow can the object of this infamous petition be
move etieotually promoted the i by suedi language as
run ne seen any day in the- Mf Ms print! t by the
pt)qsfd New KnIand convention in Fanueil Hall?
The prists is iudred at bund. The qtiesttop wii)
soon he vtliether the people of New Fng'and will
follow there hot beaded party leaders in civil war
or whether the; will say, with the bat riot of the
Hermitage, ' 7 fTnionit mint be preserved.'
lint whut is offered in iijsijfu-otloti of ibis politic
cal madtieiir For what are these hot headrd
Federal leftdtfffe ready tn plunge intoriil war and
dissolve thi' Unionf The ostensible reason is. the
probnblo admission of more skive len itory into the j
Union: ihe real ressotl is thi loss of political power (
mid probable continued ostr wcim from ofHi'C. In
this violence they do no more, however, thonjusti.e
to their political education. Why did "certain leidl
its" vf the Fstiarnliitij from 1 803 to 1314, enter
tain a dttfcigii of tsubliehing a New Kniiland con
fednn y, declaring again and'-ugain that the Union
was dissolved U;l''nsibly because more slave ter
ritory iv as added in 1803 to the Union; in reality
because the influences of the Federali-ds in the
lorndls of the Union wis destroyed. Tbe leaders
ol ihe F el ral party ofto; day have marked u l
precisely the '.nine courso in relation to an opposi
tion to thu annexation of Texas, that the leudeis
of the same party did, in 1"03 about the Louisiana
purchase. The opposition to Demoerucy raved
about Louisiana just as bad as the opposition ,to
Democracy now rove about Texan. As such mtn
m John Qoincy Adams and John Reed set tho csyj
in motion liuit th admission of texns into too
Union will strike, New England out of it, it rnny be
well to trace this resemblance more fully.
Louisiana was purchased in 1B03. Immediately
the Federalist-, engaged in opposition to it that did
not cea-e until a pai l of it, in IS 1 1, wns admitted
into ihe Union as a Staio. Jefferson was charged
widi liawng bnp actuated by tho most selfish, sor
did motives in buying ii; the purchase Itself was ri
diculed as worthless; tho attempts Jefferson made
to exploit! ils richcft, were celebrated fl ver se and.
prose as among the grossed absurdities pf the timo
and, in conserpieaco of its admission, tho free Stales
were declared dissolved from the Union, nr.d cer
tain civil leaders wore ready, under a military
leader to plunge into civil war.
This Louisiana ooposition of tho Federalists
commenced with ihe first step JtdTeison took to te.
cover the right of depesite at New Orleans. On
tbe 18th of Oetoher, 1802. the Intendant of Louisi
ana published a decree, by which Americans were
no longer permitted to doposito their merchandize
at New Orleans; all foreign commerce was prohib
ited; the immense trade of the Mississippi was to
be carried on in Spanish bottoms and by Spanish
subjects. This year this territory was ceded by
Spain to France, and Jefferson promptly seined the
occasion to negotiate for its purchase. Thi nego
tiation was denounced tbe Federalists proclaim
ing that war and war ;ihno wni tbe remedy. The
Federalists in Cdrtgftfcl tftttWeneuiJ jtfertts, Itoss,
and others took the lend in propnsr g rnca.nires.
The Boston Sentinel, July !), ICO'I, says:
"All we wanted on tho Mississippi was a place
ofdeposito, tint our treaty wuh 8bain tflt'es. Il
was basely witbdrnwn. t)or bi;ih spiriteti rulers
Bta asked to drfeHrl our right. O, no; eighty tlioo
sand militia are to bo held rendv to defend our tor
nips, and feed the pigs nnd cattle. Bat to tn'.c
onr right tosoizo what trentics gtvelfy and fraud
withholds, this is not ibeir.'orte,'
Again, JMyH7, 18f)3
"Art adminisiration feeble QRti dosffcal le, l y
what it ran and w hat it tnttrmi rIo.&0.
Again, August 13, 1H03
Like true spunii ls, we nre the most cervile to
those who molt in.ilt us. We receive brick out
rfglit an great favor, and pay tribute for that
which the despoil er eon Id no jonger withhold."'
Having denouneed Jeffer-sort a pUlltammoDS in
engaging in negt tiiui-m, the Federalists eontinned lo
d nonnce tbe acquisition of this noWfe eonntrv.in tbe
most factious language. They then, in the Legis
lature .f Mapsnchuseits, propood nn linietidment of
ttie (,'on'itutton, in n frrenee to representniion, tiiai
they ndvoiMtte at this time. This was intrdoneed into
tbe House by Mr. Fly, ot Spi inhVId, February
13, J 80'J , with a long preamble, tbe part in refer
ence to Louistaus beirig Us RlHoWS!
"And whereas Ore said provisions (In rerT renre
to representatives) havi-been rendered more inju
rious by important political chqbgesi (rtTrOthieed
under the present Administration, In the pnrrhn-e
offiotisHliff an exteii.-ive ronntiy wbirh will ro
qtiirn n great nnniber of slaves tot its cultivation,
and when admitted into tho Union, agreenMy to the
cordon, will contribu'p, by the mimb-rof its slaves
tj de.ttroy tbe real influfiu-r; of the Eastern States
il iV. Naiional fiovernmont."
TWs cmer.dn-ert pr-ojv-e I ' that the Represen
tatives be apportioned pnidHg the several Slates ne
e irdlng to tie number of tbtlr free Inhabhthts rc
pectively." It was hersMH at a bfgiily important
mnvemmt," and received and ndvoeated extensive
ly, for years, in tbe Fedcnl journals. These pa
lters were then as full of -hive itMtiflci ns the t.-ame
iort of papers now nre.
!ri sh(rt: the nrgomerts ngalnt Louiiana
were, trtT, for letter ihe nrgroiients now used
ngainu Texas. The Union was already large
enoncb; ihe addition of Loui-dimi. would ndd tit
and prrpe!mte laverv; it wns unrnnstit'itiotni'; it
woulri d'Mroy the bnlnnee of power, and (bus vlo-
latetlre original comppetl it would bring qn a for
eign m nt; it would entail a national debt; it would
add a bandit population tothe rountrv. Sot b wns
the sum of the I'V'dernl urgnmerit ajainst Lonis;ana.
VftoH istlie sum of th Federal argument aain t
A few items from tbe papers of tbe day will give
the spirit nf'tbe federal brblrffln trt Iiuisian.
In the Mussm-lriS'-Un Lei-islatnre, Feb. iS05 a
Federal m'-mber, offer niating ihe arguments n
gafrrst Louishinn, exdnimed "In a word, I con
sider Louisiana the grave of the Union.'1
Toasts give, gcnern'ly, th" political sentiments
of the time. A least given July At 1805, read as
"The purchase of Loni-ian-i silt mountains,
mammoth, gulls, and l.n!lfr"gs a valuable mil-FSffttmf-r
fifteen millions."
Another Federal toewt was:
"Loui-iinn ; of all mateiials rujltbT fit f r land
or water; ro-iy sh I"1 the receptacle of the turbi,
IfOt nnd d lafter led."
On tbe bill for ihe ndmi -sion of the ten itnjy pf
Oi'li-an Louisiana into the Union, lfill(.JoMah
Quincy. Jr., said, and afo r bring called to ordo.,
committed Hit remarks to writing:
"If this bi !l passed, it w my deliberate opinion
that it is virtually a dissolution of the Union; th-jt il
will free th" srates "fi otn their morai obligation, i
nnd, as it Will be the right of all, go it will be the
du y of some. d finitely to prepare for a se pa ratio n-
amicatny if tiiey ran, vtolenttv if they must.
"Prepare for a B"pnmtion" wl'iat is tho key of
this? IIjw far opposition to Tmi-inim Went in the
work of preparation, John Qufncv Adams shall
testify, lie nys :
' J his design certain leaders of the Feder
al party to eli'ect a diss dulion of the Union, and
the establishment of a Northern Confederacy." 1
bad been formed, in the winter of WOT nnd IQui.
im media tcly titter, and us a con.-e pience of, the uji
q station ot l.oui-inua. Its jo-iitying causes to
tlioso who entertained it were, that the nnnexa: ion
of Louisiana to the Ur.nm transcended tbe coosthu
tiotnd j0erj of the G ivenimiut of the United
States. That it f omed In fnet n new Confederacy,
to which the itatrs, united by the firmer compact,
were not bound to adhere. That if wns oppressive
to the interest and destructive to the influence of
the North rn socio n of the Confederacy, whose
right and duty it th- refore to secede from the hodu
politic and to ron'fifnte one of their own. This
plan was so lur maturm, mat a propt sid had been
mane to on individual topennit btmspff at tho
proper lime, to be placed at the head of tbe milita
ry movements, whirh it wns foreseen would bu ne
cessary to carry it into execurion."
Though the Louisiana perchase wns the first
justifying cause of ihis mad project, yet says Mr.
Adams in Ibis sme letter to the modern Federal
or Whig fcaders, dated December 90, 182ft lbs
b net! il consequneces of this purchase tothe
whole Union was apparent as lo take uway
possibility of holding it up as lubarmn of a pot t'oi 1
region of disunion." Its second justi'yins causes
were the restrictive measure nnd tho war o" Je8'er
son's ami Madison's admijiisiroteon. But .Mr. Ad
ams says again :
Thut pr eject, (the project New Fng!und eon
federacy,) I repeat, htid gone to the length of fix
ing upon a military lender for us execution ; nnd,
a'thongh the eiicumstarieo ol the times never nd
muten oi its execution, nor even of its full deveN
opement, I yet had no doubt, in lfJ03 and 13UJ),
and hae no doubt at this time, that it U the key 101
all ihegreat movements of these leader's of the Fed-I
eral party in New Unglaud, from thai time forward, I
till its final catastrophe in thy 'IIui (ford Conven I
" 'Thus far were "ceituio leader." of ihe old Frtbl
eal party pieparcd to go, whenever they bocinne
assured that the people were prepared to follow
tiiem! . To sOiew tneir enurajc upon this wbtk, all
the enginery ihut could aid a party was set in mo
lion. Then the Osgood! ahdrarlihes of the pul
pit joined in the aiyunion cry. The Federnl press
WftS ML of it. Take the follow ing cxti acts ft oni the
Old Sentinel, thu Atlas of its day, Deeeiubei 10.
1314, it said I
"Those who stnrted at the dunger of n separa
tion, tell ui that tho soil of New Fnglnnd is hard
and sterile ; that deprived of the production of the
South, we rdioold soon become a wretched race of
cowherds and li-diei rneti; that our narrow territory
ttnd diminished population would mako us an i i
prey to foreign poweis. Do these men forgot what
uotionul eovrj:y can he for a people? Have thej
not ri ad of Iiolhiud ? Do they not remember that
it, grew in weullh and power amid constant alarm?
That it threr off the yoke of Spain, (our Virgin
ia,) and its chftveJl became churches, and its poor
men's collages princes' pulaccsT"
Also, December 17, I8M:
'lstid that lo muk treaty of commerce with
ihe enemy i to violate the Constitution, to sever
the, Vnion. Are iliey not both nlrendy virtually
destroyed! Oy in whatiitage of existence would
they be, should we declare a neutrality, or open
Withhold taxes andmrr'1
A disoluii .u of tho Union! Do thu uo'itV
ehurlaians, who spralc I'lirouh a partisaji press
know whut lb y nre about when they threat- n this.'
Have such facflqnlsll a tithe of an idea of tbe mae
nduilo of ihe work of the f.,rmution of this Union?
Can they comprehend the blowings it lias confer
red, it Hit continue to confer, not meiely upon thi
pooj)le, but upon humanity? Are hot the men who
get up such petitions os we have rpioied, tbe party
presses that play into their hnndp. trie nulpit effiirts
tht aid them the pSOpls-that cooritennnce ftem,
plnyinir fid-- with liberty itself f Where h is it
hopo for ii re.Tli.,tion of ihe blessings it can eonb r
upon nil nk hub, ifthi DepabHeBBT ; overnment fail .;
And what cm more iiirrly cordriout- lo its.fuiiure
than to weaken tho. bonds ihut make the peojde ol
iliese spates a united people? Ilow t-an Vinei ichus
with free lo a on tiieir lips, morn eotupli-tely play
into the i ... i. nf iliu h-giiimato despots uf KuroprL
with tlBtred of freedom in their hearts, than by
working for a dissolution of il U Dhtonr Ameri
icans patnntl descendanui of revolutionary dn
reverers of Washington of all panie pause ere
you pin such n Rubicon listen to the voice of the
father of his c maty, und indignanily frown down
these Federal hotspurs, who would make brothel
seen the blood of brother in civil war, rather than
not obtain political power!
VVb cannot conclude this urtie'e better than by
rpinting the word-; tho imrnoitnl Washington used
in his' linewell ntjilres-a to bis countrymen!
"J he unity of "overnment. which constitute vru
one ptdple, is ulso now ilenr to ynu. It is justly
in for it. is a mum pillar in the eddice of vUT ren!
independence ; tho support o;' our iranipdity nt,
home Mur peace ubroa I ; uf vour mC tv ; of your
prosperity; ot tliat very lioerty woicn you so highly
pur.e. ut as K rs mhv to Lunsee that. TMamMsLlretM alike 03 HaiurXt i
leient causes and from defi'ercnt quart-'ir, inucb
pains will bo taken, mnny nrtifijes employed, to
weaken in your minds tbe conviction of this truS :
ti this is the point in your poll'ica! (oil-'esi Ba!nt
wljich the bawiies of internal nnd external eno -
mies will be con-tnntly and nctivelv (tfmufch often
coveilly nnd inM booslv ) dincled ; it is of iufnile
mooieiit lhal you should bHsperfy esilhiatd UlaTnl
mvnsO'vtihmbf yoitrhaslbn&lnnbin r vonreo!hrt!e
and mdiviihin! happiness; thut ytfri should rhoritd,
a cordial, Rabkuif) and immovable attach meni fa it;
bcbusteimng yoorItsi 10 think and lo spi
ik cf
ns n pnlnd;ui:i ol yonr pi In in 1 iati iv nod pmsper
ity; wntiihing lor ifJ preservation with jflsfaiui unx
iety ; discoiiiiteunrif nig w httower mnv iniketl ,'ven a
suspicion that it can in any event bo abandoned ;
and indignantly frown UpoQ thetn- dnwntpe of ev
J cry aitempt tq alienate any portion of our country
Iron, the rest, nrto etik el. e tho iacrcd t?CS h
now link tuijeiher tho various pur j."
A norm knts aoainst ANNrxArrov, titi: 5i:coM
tl BASOnl WHY ntlSI IHOVT.D in: Awirixtp
fr'im a tfoitraeita obWHpbRAnv-N, Dar.iAni
dirrtitsosiftii I ii k rKMoi it. tic rtftr,
In the foborsd ntlcmpts BbnpotteritS to nnnexa
ation, to awoHah the institution v( sinvery in pin t or
in whole, in the ndmission of TcSaM into tbe Union,
we discover the same pnnciples nt work, which in
lluen ed ihe oppoa0nl l" ibo a4mifsk)n of Missao
ri as u hlavtt t.tule; and it appears very clearly to
us, and tin Maine arguments which wcie iheu put
forth bv hlinf of New Vmk and Morrill of .New
Hampshire, have been borrowed larjuly from bv
iheir preseol followers We huvo been iitrnrised
lo liud so tiiui ii ol imitation nnu so utile Ofdlscnvi
ry and Inventtbn The future hi-toihui may dwo
open the SOpbilMSj even of 1'uuuiLt., oflQiode
Island, wltfa -ome derree of interest, and provoke
a stndo from tiie rigid constructionist, wiih iiii
framers loese views uf cousiituiiuoal iuterpieiion,
but he R)iy tnp lunlh and bread ih uf the
present d.scuoion, ana ii,oun n may epcounter
ihe Ad. mi-', the V nton a and the Chaotes,, mm of
tho most dtinuisbed ulunty, he win u it ',.., in
all their argumen's, one itppC unturned that was
nut unturned twenty times bi.foiL one posjljou
laid down thai pa not Us eounterparC and orifl ml
i ului'id ilieu and comment in thu debates of a
Pieyioui day.
And it is cnuuliy plain to ih, that we cannot
meet tbe enemies of annexation with more power
fill and cedent arguments im many irnpeitant
points Involved, than were at thai day advanced,
livery old observer is famibur wnh the celebrated
speec.ii of ili.im 1'inknkv in the wemtte pf the
L'. States, 1' -binary Jo, lWib We would refer
to thai document as a complete exposiiion of tike
ejeuee m oui constitutiop nvlatti g to ibo so, mis ion
of new states : and thus of the riht ot Texas to
come Into the Union 1 1 1 h- r .hive institutions:
Vlnw states may oe admitted by the yoagreis
into this pnion. It is objected that Ib'e woid
"may" Imports power, and obllga-jon; a light, to
ilecltre; a dtscretiori lo grant or refuse. To this
it nils hi he aimwererl, that power is dul'i On n,au
occasions. But let it he o. needed that it is dis -re-tionary.
Wlmt ennsequei.ee follow n7 A power to
refuse, in n cuee like tllls( dors imt BcCCIwrlly in
volve B pttsrer In exact terms Von must look to
ibo result w Inch ts tiie declnred object ofias pow
er. Whether y- u will uirive nt it, oi not, may di
pend on your will; lait you cannot courpioro'se
with tbe result iutthded and rsxpnissed, What
then is tliB profiessfd basull To admit a in
lo ibis U..(. Wleitisthut Union i A conteilc
ratton of sla.tea equal in spvrcfgniy; capable of eve
ry ildng which the coutituiion doai not forbid, or
l ai hoi ie congreifl (o (ovbid ? It is an equal t'nioii,
letween parties equally sovereign. Tb-y were
sovereiiftj (odepeoAwirtjl of the Ubleti, The obvt
uf the i hi WM common proiei lion fortbe evi
ci.o of uliendy existing suvereign-y. Thu putties
gave up u pot tion of that soveieiginy to insure the
remainder. As far as they gave it up by the com
mon compact) they have erased lo he lovrelgni
The Union provides the mpani of dcfcfiaintf the
residue ; and it is into that I'nion thut a new State
is to come. By aeet ding to it the new state is pla
ced on the same footing with the Original states.
It acccdai for the some pnrj bsc, ?. a, protection
for its unsurieudeied sovereiehiy. It it comes in
shorn of its lio ims; crippled nnd disjuraged be
youd the original slates, it is not bite die Otigilutl
Vnion that it comes; tor it is u diSbfeal sort al
t.'nion. The first wac Urdon inter pares; tin U a
Union between desparalt if b- iw.- n afasfl mid a
dwarf; between power and feebleness ; between
luh-propoi tinned myorsjf saitl u unmnhle im
ayoofiiower; u thine v.hirh lhal very Upioo lie
shrunk nnd shriveled from its jnlnuc, instead of
pii'si iviiig ii in its nue dimepsion
"It is into "iljii L nion, t. e. tlio L'niou iff the
federal constitution, lhat yen .ire to aJmif, or re
fuse to admit. 'm can admit Into no other. Vmi
cannot make ihe Union, as l" ibo cow stnie, what
it i not ns io the old ; for then ii Is not Mi's Union
that you open (or the entrance of n ww parly. It
you make it enter into a new nod wMitinHl Oppl-
pact, i ii any ,,,;'i ihu wiaie Union t We an
told that ndmiiinp a slate into the Union is a con.
pact. Yes; but what sort of a compact ! A coin
pact that it should be n member of tbe I'nion, ns
the constitution lias made it. You cannot new
fashion it. You may make u rompnrt Ic admii ;
but, when admitted, tho original compart prevnii-..
Ihe U ft ion i a co-i pini , With a provision of po!ii i-
cnl jiower nnd agents for the accoinplibmer;t ofiis
objects. Vurv that cninptu t as to a new Mate
give new enerv tu thai poliiiml power, so as to
tnnkn it ncl with moic foire upon a new stnte than
upon the old make ihe wdl pflhcic afVHta Mfn
enecioanv ine lo toter ot me tnte oi a new iwte ih m
nf the old nnd it miv be '"jifideniK .saifl that tl
new stale has not ellereH into tow Union, bi.i mio
oouhir I 're in. How SBV US lJ;iion.Jni PJSJW ;iriod
Il anoihei' (piesiion ; but thut .i iius tietii mu.mI is
'It,' ssvs Mr. I'inkvey, ! am td that m do
not sgMatS ujMn u isw ' "laie 1 answer that, you
do; an I I answer fnniitir, hbaj U U i'iimt:,:Luif
wheiher you do or do not; tut it ia upon Missouri
as a state, that your terms and e- millions am to
act.'' Wa may "V the satna f TtiWnp. " fl1
Abolishing lingers i:i part, nn I of all of bar i U of
like nature, that they are desliatq to act upon 1 1 X '
ns nnd to eovei'n her rciation-i hh u sfnle in oi.r I
rl,r,v Uncl .i-n Otik PntfM tlml ,t' i
new tale i a-' milled InM Mir UiuMii.it Hiustbe oamc Mil mat. JMratu- Sai uiou:
milted mi the same tenr..s with the origin:.! wfi was WWfB Speaker. After iiie organization
tofU confedeiiition. ul both Houses the id ihe UomAOi
Tho deep vi't pbiJospleo vikws of PixuhKi at.' Ws received,
admirab'y displyd in r . in speed. : Fmm the eminence of Gov. Wright's poi-
"No iMiesor territoiv. he rerojirks in order to ' lion among the distinc'iisii-d ttltetnuu of ttse
be' ome n itnte, can nlierntif or unreiitjer any por day, fata firl message has been looked for
ti-.-n of it ".ovreij-nty to tl o union, or to a abrtefM with UUUSUal tntettflti It is devoted 011
slate, nr to a fupMgn nation, ft is under an local to the concerns of the yia:e. After nn ifah
paciiy to di.'.pialilV Itself fi'r nil trie purposes ollnratc vw 0r its finances, in which he arf
govommeut left to it in tie- constilutfon reco-ni-es hpres to the poli-y which rtl f6S arreted tb
not only b( cause tt does not deny th. rn, hot ptW fearfol acctltnu'rton of the Suite indebte.
sumes them .o reman, as tl by eiJ by the law M ncSS( and yimhci lne public improvem::,;, I
na.ure and nai.ons. Im-pmnty 111 IVI-' ''' "' ' the current means to defrav thelf expense,
pie. of that law. Hence' we fo,l it laid d.'vn by iie UUcS 1 ifflcu) tS--tVJ
ihe teM wt.ters n public law. that "Nature &V1 I'tnienii:iry syalcin-me emmon sC!.f.oUy-lubli.-hed
upe.fe. teMlnd'ty of li-hts between tn II I "'7 i" : 0 ultu r;ii iocivi:-., fijCal ofwli i
penibmt mdion-' ;" und that "whatever the ip.jli y . U(e 'u05 MUW cleat -jjl'.vs uu '
ol a tree ioveroiiE.n nuin'i, eives lo oii' it pivcs to
The Cl
upon th
t.tutioii i.f ih.- t ;.ited States
truth of this doeltiiie. Il
I the ilftle
as il finds them, free and sore
rri' the'in
poilioii"-of iheir porter for tip
provides for the ex s uf it oy or
cal bodies. It drministies tlio fndivTd
1 j,"i,d, nnd
u jMiMii -
ly of each oi.d (run, ifers, what it luliiraeis,
1 gcveinim-nt which it creates'; it takes fp
alike, and leaves them relatively to cdtlj
o the
ii all
cnuaJ in 10 V reign P0H 9t
At thi moment when djsunip
las bnr. pWg in
ui cars bv 'he old Ilanfor d
qui asr. "y uje oi i iiannir.i conyeniion p niy
u;iiu hreailu d to fV it is h mutter pf intertiiU to
nwiew fbo jrOUpql of funnel cootu. i - y lii UJ b
(tlsirpiHi!? wucs wfrn-tl Ale. i' w-innwseet) thai
the po-iiti'Uis taiien by .Mr I inkney uuuiuto f alike (
tho fe b riil -;oveinui ml and t'oe (C ritory of M : o'u
ii ftma ahoii-shiu ihu instiiotioii of rl i i; .
would nsiJine ilie sutnc position lie- aame npi i m
to leX''., Wfl would deny hi i th- rijhl of tt1mlish
ing slavery in o.oS r lo becume a tate o (be Liuoq
fiDin the rsSOI1i that she woohl strip hpiself nTfta '
nttribuie held in c urmnn Ly Irtis.iss p '. I- n m al 1
aa, VirginM and oilier slave hol fin itiiti s ''t tl (
time of their admi.sion inin the Union, whi o we
would also den. ih rigflt of f-ons;res (n ilp i and
coiieessiiui fiom 'lexn, not demainled ofjh'1 hrig.
nalputies lotho federal cniiipnrt, nor left di.crn-1
liopary witb the leib iMl overnpetit.
In a late miuiIipi o the Wojceater fM.iS.i. J Pala-i
ditnn, we find an elaborate and pXoeljenl Biliofe "n
the Itsnjcct of '.MMiruKiiN uulmin " and vJ i u
it assumes strong ground njgsdntt tiiu foul cry PI
irenson. stuns cleinly nnd auc.cioctiy loinSspf tte
mnny importunt reason- for aniiexin-; Iai. I
These ore embraced nderthc following beads t
"l' irsi; we wnnt Texas because it was once ours '
ami w wrongful'y pc4e4 t- Spurn hy the tfcatv ot 1 points in depute, before he east his sote.
'ig," ! The concltiM -n is sJlftrOSt uu.rvoi labW-. th!
".Second; we want Texas for ike iaf$ awl ic.V hit no lime, l.as the wlnde pJblrC mind lr0
defined boundary ii will ive us on oui uuihi'.i- per eetly linden toe! all the inrportao'l nwc
tern frontier." tions in vol red in a'i clett(6n, or thot'6 cleal
('Thircfet we want Texas for the faeUiUes ineomnrehendc'd the influericfl lo be exerted 1
would give us f.r national defence and prolec- lls decision UPOJJ the futlli e n ;v at I r
lion." sure.-, of liienaljonai iovVrnrScni.
'Fourth; we want luxes fur hie sra-coaxt tl
wili ttipt lo the. immense region, already ours
that lies vaith of it; and that yd n bo filled
with slate tecmtni; with an in-live and InduflttT'tini
population of which our laws, our arts, and oui
iaiUtmloPl of L-ivilir.;itiiur,aie bm ihe moltlplicarul
"r'lttli; we want Texas as a great highway
from t'.c oecan to Ore f on; and wo should find it
plOUgh ibf valley of ibe Kl ue Norte ea-ilv Sf
cesiible and eusdy liiiversed giving u fee ill lies ol
OOnunUmcatloOi an I tor coii.mermftl latfrcopr Fr
with I soon try tout IS pun ; und ni it ii pur mil mn
tuesiablisb UierC llffl principles of bee goeimr,ei;i,
so there we are to find an advnniaeuus market foi
. ...... I .l.. .1 : '
pur manuiaciare" vm nn n iwo.u .
Sixih; we want lnxir lac control t would
gi$ us of that great staple of our vammercc
cotton wbich in-y be produced there W erenter
iihundt nee, ut less cxpetiee. nnd of better ijuuliiv,
thhn in any other portion of tho itotuV!
'Seventh we. wantf As market oj icuas- 10
it is one day to oeconie a most imnoruii i pioiKr,
OfteCSm qlieatlah. Sball tnvni Jhilnin linve i-f
sbnll wuliavi'ii? Kfniia!ly a jdanti.g rejiori,
it will have to oi tain ti on) nnri-ao, in t m: nrto r a
its cotton, etc, its supply of foSil ami ctothh g ; ibe
former it flotihl nrocore lmm 1 nnada nr.o I o-
os ihe Inner, from Kuiuid iwli; or, afTiltutcf
itblhe Tnifed Slates, il could diuw it. grj ult:.-
.1 product- fnan the vnliey pf the M iislssipi i. Bbd
its miuiufiict red uiiiclea frofU ihe mill- of .V w
clund. li Ibis view of (ho cn-e, ii il foll, it
fiupiady. in mew uttfjaBdi to resisttfio u ; ui u i
jt lexa!
"hitfliih; we waiil Texajr tk- pro.' e'o. ;t o
our home market.
'"Ninlh; we waM Texaj,"o ihe emid ;-ir ., I t
emimerre witt i't'ye tu the shipping intermits e
thsi northern stales.''
'Tenth; o wnnt Texas to strenghten 'ue Unto)
and balance il? intrreetst Noibiri evi r gave s.
much st uth io pur Imtitutlpns as the arquiittf
of Louisiana It has mad ' us invincible among ih
mil ions." ennneo, ... ... .
Here nre ten reftirttil for th I ntmexntion nt Tev-! vcnipiilonsly respect these warn feat ail oa I .
as 'n all of which the interot of I he f'nioo are 1 the popular will, iffUOfS tWE to -exprc.- ::.
cancmed, and wilf bear n tmmr an ado- ncy in 'strong tleprce of confidence upon thesj re
the north as in the uoutb. We- ennnoi trifte then Thai respect will draw to ihe m v ndi.i.i.
w.th this niumentoufl que-tion of utinexiti'in. Nei-1 (ration the Cuntinued COi.tineiKe of the pcu
ther thema.lne9 of abolitionism or the eo:'rnrlir n of t p( hTl secure the results aMicrpa! !,
demagogues can prevent it consunnin'i"r.. S. LtfHt tfOtitg COMuuiancc.
clear tho priileqe of Texa to come -into the Union, -some apnrtnensions appear to bo cnte.
widi irr slave instin.tions, and ihe inability of i. tnihtfd 0f .iimcullv in o :r ler nrn rclatn.:, ,
f-deialgnvenunent to fore e from her an eansM-i. amJ a(, inlPrnp, 0f the peace of tae cou:
misede,ofntory toher.l i.rf.ng ( a an md-r-adeu , ( t taAktU C.ir.nol partake itCOTtgly ol
nation aud member ofour ;eroey ; o l.teM .he ; - ; ,
nlerei i to be bi m fdted bv ihe irttrodnetlon ai tin-, . . . ! ' ,, , . ,
. . .i i- It M.u.i,ii 'eausi tor such an ihterrttption. ttnuiing
.1. miMh r.....,n.T 1-tnnnli. ovin-v i Trt. ihnl r,,
. ' . . . ...
i,, , .,.,.r Im. Aim lamthmiMih win n.v
tl mii.l ew.e fllmivi. a,.v ,,imnv
in nir jiuuiio MTvnnT..
Ainnnif lln- p ipcff. in in
snmli nnw ,.t,in
Atari. anni'X iiion. i i
:. i.m' jiiiit 1:1 uiv.ii ni ir.ni
((linir coteft,6'nrarji
thil 'N' OHean. frrvn
f Mi,Mnni'. ili-iin : rui.lir !
tin, .'dili-il vy on
CI. J. f - H. CtiMmilii. Th i,.r-r
which ih Jefi rtonian ha. I Urn Bn il,i. .Ww
calbulaloq lo give ii prcminrtu rlibriiy. "iih
km-1i nhle canfeil'-, m ith mir Ray-turn ov.t
t'l bitinii um-Mfrrjirfs: our Wifc)
sliUttii'iit; iho ifh'uMic willnri-it hflnwr tV.;,r.
" " T, r
"I, 'HI lll'SH. in '7 n ni'ttiit ti vi ii mo "ni". ii ii-
riirir Id llic iniomi upi.n ihe Honie-iii tn.,i'Htii)ii
f ih
ry eoi
laoiplated hy IM biil of -Mr. iVn-on,
hiiv. :
Ihe aaiuh wuiuil not kale T ur "
lerma.' jfcaa. hersalf wiiU. r.mmit rb A '
humili.iuiv cmidiiiiii,. l.iu i.'i ni ii nil Cow
inna fame m.wilhliei rilit-. M ii-lin i inn!
bur bouwliiiie. antoni'lici ' .:" ' ' If "i
mi ilu i e in nr.. we wauTd not hava h. , n H fi
i itcd
illniiL u! ii tellient
people, wili ?p im tbe ImiIoo wTlHf'wwpTw on ye ,
loaSfrVfblilf, and disfl;i!,r o,.r nliance, Texs u .
hA n fexiu to the lUt. Gtne ffVifOs ::iA kt
slaves, on not a r tJVtif
Bnchravonw oust stndinewsisibd we tenss a
ha ' shown, tim in u Bansfitutmi
n Xati n of lYxns imihooMio inr
flr ar
by aTSVy
hat i ver
: Pin.-.-should
, compromise on the
I else may be COdo1
" ; ' ,,,K um )U-.
i wib t quoin
"I shrvery,
e Legislature of New Yuri; :
i wo ... .u j ..i ,i . , i
ability. II
following i
"lea nnot
I elect
lion without a brief reference to ihe interest
j of our Slate as ii tneailer pi" the Union.
1 line. wh pacu Lftfuuu ci presiuf nttai atec-
uon seooira iu none v, ii.cn naj preceded tt,
in ti e importance of-Jl peiiwlplea iitvolved,
or the deep end universal intere.vt ot
whole people in the contest. At no timo has
the excitement of Jrteli!i been more ifitufcsc
and tro Muiilar election has pnsied aw;ir .
with a more unirersal observar.ee ofpublii
older, ' Seldom have the two civat nafties
nf th rountrv nrrayed themvc )ves more dS
inetiy upon the princiCrres and rAeaiitrn of
I fifth divide lie
ni, pi rfitrre ttnetitti
lid.des ' f the respective parties, as olej
td u
1 upon ih
they had nvowcfl and pi-wjsci
naaa ul tiie people wcta niotc uftivetjul
appcuied to, and uioie ci-ino a::t v addrcsse
than aL any preceding fleeiiou; ai U eve
freeninu in (Jle country enjoyed lh4 l'u41e
njiporiunity tlioroubly to understand ai, tl
U is rcusour.t.oo to l.upe that, t
l'iuu tr decision uf tbe people,
lie allowed repose; thSJ '.ie busts of ihe aoli
nf the federni poveminent on th- inbacol
the currency, may no' be ronitdtfeo tartfltf
thai nil further acitatitflt oil th? ouesnot:
may be 11 a
ion winch thi
; revemi'S of lhat Bovernt
from customs, are to be uipdwiaVid
Ibly defined. All tbest urc abb
i deeply a fleet the bOs teem iniere
I p.riion of the coontrv, but anorc
jand most deeply, the coin were ml
I interests; and ns the most comn
I ot the uaielsi we hare felt, with ?r
i tho uiicenainty, tbe change nad
lehane wh'ch tor many year.- pi
most constantly surrout .: i all
j TVextto ai olicy based boon s
bare :
Etc. quo
tnttonai principle, ' I
'will tual.ze for the
' f r the pi"e-.enr, il th
'the treat interests, ;
t.-'and i:iiiti'i!.icturing.
The n. llfi of ,!re la
'electieti beems to promise IhccQ bei.enis, :::
(Vbhl for a time, and uirii Use rcCtHlfcWTUI i
another similar ennress sbalJ deicimiti'
I whether tlie.se i5sucs are lobe ;e opened, u
iiesult, in in' opiiiion, gtefclly lo ie abtffCCt -,
ted. No violent chaoge: ate requiad tocid.
I form the exiMitiT state of things to such .
i settled system as has been thus indica'c',
i My entire coriMCtion, that the band in-t
' whirh the admini:-.tratu,n ot lne t ederai boa
i m r,. mmiK hr'tweii on ;md one n ni . I -n .
' "lc
ernmont; aw! 1 i: roily bcliero thai a olm m
lour rHi,l!pns with other poiu-rs t-aaea ap .
jliroad lnr.nnal princijiles. Mil pnvcrm.1,! I
the rule "to aslt noihincr which is net i lt-ar..
! riht, ant tn submit to nuthirij? wl'.xn
n.i." rmHtiaue us in DM c, or it lend
tu a war, it will be anch war aa
, ,,; ,.c... j ,ho country will stiMain "in! a .
Tliat this rule .rill be tr ;!'' ":
,ll.'!.CB. administration, 'in its mauajemen.
0 ihf fo'teien feiatiooi ol ih'e itntr, t Ml ,
. , , "
, 1 adu these
iiupresaiuii i iii tesarti to ou:
interests involved in the auroiui.strs.iion oi t!i
National lioveintiKiit, auu in tae flrong ;..
jurmuie that the office of the State W be et
eeed by your delil)eratK'ti.s and uctloii, jyi .
be wisely dispnscU oft with the eoiilinu
mnili'. of that (ravwu. l'rov iilciicc. w(i'ii
haa lntherio so BtgiHkUjF poured its blessing
upon our eountiv, I anticipate security aud
iirnee Off our ennstiiueiits, and propitt
hi the Bmf

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