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BY SMITH &, CHAPMAN. ABERDEEN, MISSISSIPPI, The TI ississippi Advertiser I published every Saturday morning, at ThriB Dollars, per annum in advance, or, Four Dol lar at the end of six month; Hvu Dollars at the expiration of the year. AnvtRTisEMKNTf, Bnt insertion ten linen or lei One Dollar , for each subsequent insertion, Fifty cents. Tho number of insertions must be specified on the face of the adveilisement, or they will be published until ordered out, and charged the usual rates above slated. '.;.' A t.i articles of a personul nature will be charged double the rates above stated Cash in advance when admitted. 10" Political Circulars or Public Addresses for the benefit of individuals will be cfaargeJ as advertisements. T? On yearly advertisements, a liberal discount will be made. The piivilegoof yearly advertisers is limited to their own immediate business ; adver tisements forthe benefit of other persons seut In by them must be paid for by the square. 033 No paper will be discontinued only at'the option of the publishers, unless the order be oomnanled bv the money. DjT LlTTJMtfl on business connected with the office must be Postpaid to ensure 'prompt atten lion. THE FIRST OFFENCE. In llie cheerful dining-room of my bachelor mend Stevenson, a select parly were assem bled to celebrate his birth-day- A very ani mated discussion had been carried on for name time, as to whether the first deviation from integrity should be treated with severity or leniency- Various were the opinions, and numerous the arguments brought forward to support them. 1 he majority appeared to lean to the side of "crush all olTencos in the bud." when a warm-hearted old gentleman is at this moment in your possession; and I thialc the evidence against you would be suffi cient to justify me in immediately dismissing you from my service. But you are a very young man; your conduct has, I believe, betn hitherto perfectly correct, and I am willing to afford you an opportunity of redeeming the past. All knowledge of this matter rests be tween ourselves. Candidly confess therefore the error of which you have been guilty; re store what you have so dishonestly taken; endeavor, by your future good conduct, to de serve my condfience and respect, and tb a circumstance shall never transpire to injure you.' The poor fellow was deeply affected In a voice almost inarticulate with emotion, he acknowledged his guilt, and said tha', having frequently seen me receive the mo ney without counting it, on being entrusted with it himself, the idea had flashed across his mind that he he might easily abstract some without incurring suspicion, or at all events witnout there being sullicient evi dence to justify it; that, being in distress, the temptation had proven stronger than his pow er of resistance, and he had yielded. 'I can not now,' he continued, prove how deeply your forbearance has touched me; time alone can show that it has not been misplaced.' He left me to resume his duties- "Days, weeks and months passed away, during which I scrutinized his onduet with the greatest anxiety, whilst at the same time I carefully guarded against any appearance of suspicious Tatchfulness, and with delight I observed that so far my experiment had suc ceeded. The greatest regularity and atten tion the utmost devotion tj my interests marked his bnsiness habits; and this without any display; for his quiet aid humble deport ment was from that time remarkable. At irr "Tgnni M 1 1 w I i ii i Mm mm JUIIXJJ ' HIM nil mm -- . . - tmm Mlmm believe not one in that company but returned iiome more disposed to judge leniently of the 'ailings of his fellow-creatures, and as far as Iiy in his power, to extend to all who might fill into temptation that mercy which, under similar circimslanees, he would wish shown to himself, feeling that it is more blessed to save than to destroy." lo7t & .oeI.7y from a first S hta conduc taWr being treated with injudicious severity, than I "ost openness and piain-ueaitng. from the contrary extreme. Not that I would pass over even the slightest deviation from integrity, either in word or deed; that would be certainly mistaken kindness: but on the other hand neither would I punish with sever ity an offence commuted, perhaps, under the influence of temptation temptation, too, that we ourselves may have thoughtlessly placed in the way, in such a manner as to render it irresistible. For instance a lady hires a ser vant; the girl has hitherto borne a good char acter, but it is her first place; her honesty has never yet been put to the test. Her mtstreis, without thinking of the continual temptation to which she is exposing a fellow creature, is in the habit of leaving small sums of money, generally copper, lying about in her usual silting room. After a lime, si e begins In think that these sums are not always found exactly as she left them. Suspicion falls up on the girl, whose duty is to clean the room every morning Heruiistress, however, ihinlts she will be quite convinced before she brings forward her accusation, She counts the nul lify carefully at night, and the next morning some is missing. No one has been in the loom but the girl: her guilt is evident. Well uhat does her inistiess dot Why she turns the girl out of the house at an hour's notice; cannot, in conscience, give her a character; tells all her friends how dreadfully distressed she i ; declares that there is nothing but in gratitude to be met with among servants; laments over the depravity of human nature; and neer dreams of blaming herself lot her wicked jes. it is wicked thoughtlessness in thus constantly e-posing to temptation a young ignorant girlj one, most likely, whose mind, if not enveloped in total darkness, Ins iiily an imperfect twilight knowledge where by to distinguish right from wrong. At whose door, I ,'isk," he continued, growing warmer, "Will the sin lie, if that girl sink into the low est depths of vice and misery? Why, at the the door of her who, after placing temptation in her very pair, turned her Into the pitiless world, deprived nf thai winch constituted her only means of obtaining an honest livelihood lier oharacter; and that without one effort to reclaim her without affording a single op portunity of retrieving the past, and regaining by future good conduct the confidence of her employer. "There is, I fear, loo much truth in what you say," rematked our benevolent host, who had hitherto taken no part in the conversa tion; "and it leminds me of a circumstance that occurred in the earlier part ol my life, which, as it may serve to illustrate the sub ject you have been discussing, I will relate." There was a general movement of attention; for it was a well known fact that no manu facturer in the town of was sur- my confidence in him was so far restored, that, on a vacancy occurring in a situation of greater trust and increased emoulment than the one he had hitherto filled,, I place him in a; and never had I the slightest reason to re pent ol the part I had acted towards him. Not only had I the pleasure of reflecting that I had, in all probability saved a fellow crea ture from a continued course of vice, and consequent misery, and afforded him the op portunity ol becoming a respectable and use ful member of society, but I had gained for myself an indefatigable servanta faithful and constant triend. For years he served me with the greatest fidelity and devotion. His character for rigid, nayoen scrupulous honesty, was so well known, that 'as honest as Smith,' became a proverb among his ac quaintances. One morning I missed him from his accustomed place, and upon inquiry learned that he was detained at home by in disposition. Several days elapsed and still he was absent; and upon calling at his house to inquire after him. I found the family in great distress on his account. His complaint had proved typhus fever of a malignant kind. From almost the commencement of his at tack, he had, as his wife, (for he had been some time married) informed me, lain in a state of total unconsciousness, from which he had roused only to the ravings of delirium, and that the physician gave little hope of his recovery. For some days he continued in the same state; at lengih a message was brought me, saying that Mr. Smith wished to see me; the messenger adding, that Mrs. Smith hoped I would come as soon as possi ble, for she feared her husband was dying. I immediately obeyed the summons. "On entering his chamber, I found the whole of his family assembled to take farewell of hi n they so tenderly loved. As soon as he perceived me, he motioned for me to ap proach near to him, and taking my hand in VOTE REANNEXINO TEXAS AS A STATE. The vote iti the l-fouso f Unpipsentfltives to Jny, providing for iho rendmision ol Texas into the Union, in a preliminary tep of v:n: importance to the Union. It an extine-uinber of mziiaiiun, and establish, s pence, and good will between tho differ ent sections of o'lr Union, teo firmly to be tdmkr-ii uy religious mnRtici.m or poimonl pnrensy. it is tho potent voice of the people calling in a new pen pie to give additional strength to the will of the ex isting contedoncy to sustain. And it is thus that llie ?KpaiiMon of the Ui,ijn will ever contribute to iis power nnd perpetuity- The greuler llie number of Stated embraced in It, the greater will be the in terests staked on the inviolability nf its pcucc und securiiy, and tlie greater the muss of Influence em bodied to look down petty scctionul attempts to des troy the fraternal ties that hold it together as a na tion. 1 ha spasmodic atfections wbioh may somen limes seize uoon n nnrliculsr Stnle. will no more disturb the "real liodv politic thun the ttirlmleni-i, of a litllo rill, swollen by n sudden gust, the grout ocean into whose Bosom it tails. I he act authorizes Texas to come In as a Slatt and this roalizes tu oncethe stipulations of the trea ty of 1803, wli oh bound the United States to France to perforin this very act. The resolution of this day is, in fact, nothing mora the execution of Mr, Jefferson's treaty, by which the territory of Texas was aoqulted, Mr Adams's treaty of I819wasan abortion, It ceded the country and the people we were bound by solemn covenants to bril g into the Union to the desputism ol" Spain. But the people of Texas instantly put in a protest against ibis breach of faith, proclaimed their freedom, and hav ing maintained thoir independence against both Spain and Mexico, now come back to the United S., asking th eredemption of the plt'diro in the Ireatv lander which the country wastirst settlor! hy our citizens when all the world must admit tho abro gation of the treaty through which intriguing di plomacy sought to exonerate the nation from its hon est obligations, revives them in full force. there is nothing, in otir opinion, to oh ect to, in the proposal voteil hy the House, lo day, oxoept that it is loatloo with conditions which niny lorm nn obstacle to the KCCeptsnco of the overture by Texas. JJut this can, ami we trust will, be obviated by future legislation. If TeXBS comes prepared to outer the Union, the next Congress will be just, and more than just to her. Wronged ut ti.st by a heart less repudiation, she will find that the injustice w ill be redeemed by goncrositw an I the kindness, hitherto wltheld, be paid with usury. The vote on the resolution carried to day docs not show tho strength of the question of reannexs tion. Tliern is, we have in, doubt, a majority of nfiy ill the Honse in favor of restoring Texns to the Union. Many members thought that the territory oneht to bo equally divided to provide tor tho in troduction of two slave and two tionshiveholdin.e States. This, we have littlo doubt, will bo the ef fect of the act as it passed. More than half the country is mountainous, oval least elevated, cohl, and nf a pastoral character. II tins country is ev On this question Mr. Brodhead asked the yeas and nays, which were oidered; end being taken, resulted yens 120, nujs 98, as follows : YEAS Messrs, Aarrington, Ash. Atkinson, Bayly, lielser, Bidlsck, Edward J. Black, .lames Black, .lames A. black, Blaokwsll Bower, Bow. lin. Boyd, Brodlioad, Anion V. Brown. Milton Brown, W in. J, Brown, Burke, Burt, Caldwell, CampbflH, Chnpherd, Cary, Keuben Chapman, Augustus A. Chapman, Chappel), Clinch, Cobb. Coles, Cross, Cullom, Daniel, John VV. Davis, Dowson, Deen, Dellett Douglass, Diomgoole, Duncan, Ellis, Farlee, Ficklin, Foster, French Fuller. II ummett, Haralson, Huys, II nley, f iulme , lloge, Hopkins, Houston, Hubard." Hubbell, Uughes Chariot J. Iiieersul, Jameson, dive John- s'in, Andrew Jackson, Qeorge W. Jones, Andrew Kennedy, Kirkpatrick, Labrtnahe, Leonard, Lump kin. Lyon. McCnuslen, Ma clay, McClemai.d, Me Connie... McDowell. Mr Key, Matthew. Josenh Morrill bib r- w .. Mnrahy, Newton. Noriis, o.ven, rurmanter, Payne, rettit. Peyton, K. 0. Totter, Pratt, David S. Raid, Relfe, Rhelt, Rub ortt, Russell, Saunders, Senter, Xliomai H. Sev mour, Simpson, Simons, Slidell, John T. Smith, Thomas Smith, Robert Smith, Steenrud, Stephens, John Stewart. .Ina. VV Stone, Stiles, Alfred 1'. Suite, Strong, Sykes, Taylor, Thnmpsun, Tlbbatts, Tucker, VVentwui.ii, Welter, Woodward, Joseph A.. Wright, Yancund Yosl 120. NAYS Messri. Abbot, Adams, Anderson, Ba ker, Barringer, Brnard, Benton, Brengle, Uiink eihoff, Jt?remiiih Brown, Buffing ton, Carpenter, Jeremiah K. Gary Carroll, Cailin, Causin, Cling mnn, Chlllon, Colamer, Crim-ton, Dunn, DarrBh. Darrett Davis, RicUrd D. DavU, Dnberry, Dickey, Lfuimgnam, uuniai, timer, risii, iot, r .irem-f. Giddingi, Qrogginj Willli Green, Byram Green, Grinnell; Grider, Hl, Hannibal Hamlin, Edward S. Hamlin, Hnrcin, Harper, Herrick, Hudnn, Washington Hunt, Jimus 11. Hunt, Joseph K. In- ijersol, Jrvm, Jonls-s, icru'V' II. J.ihiuuii, .luhn J Kenedy. Preston Klng Daniel I'. King, McClelnnd, Molivaine, Marsh, EdVard J. Morris, Freemnn II. Marseley, Nes, Pattersto, Phaimx, Pollock, El in. in it. Potter. I'loion, I'm Jy, Ramsey, Ratbbun, Rayner, Redinr, Robitson, Rockwell, Rodeny, Rogpra, St. Jwliu, Sunifl-, Sohenok, Stiveraritjr.', David L. Seymour, Albert Smith, Caleb H. Smith, Stoi-ion, Anthow htewiiti, SiiumiiTs, Thomu.-ton, niden, Tyler, Vance, Vameter, Vinton, Wothered, Wht'utoii, John W'lute, Benjamin White, Williams, Wimerop, and Wright-f98. So the joint rfsnlutioB wa passed. MrJAMgflON moved the reconsideration of tho voteju-t. taken on thepaawge of tlie resolution, and rilU'd lor the prmi(otta joeation( under tha ope ration ol' which the resolution wns negaiive. Mr. Hoi'Kivs movif tbnt the butue adjourn. Mr. (JinniNcs I'ked !f it WM too lata to move nn amendment ofth i title . Th" j ii a in slid it was too late, the title having been announeehy the obair, and the House tmwng assumed it. Mr. llorKtNs withdrew tlie motion, to u-ljour and moved a recinideration "t" tho rote on agr ins to the title I and under the operation of the previous fpit'attons, iho recon.-idei litioti was irjuc ted. The House then adjourned, Peel, alilwugh h-' still adheres to bis no' -im rven -lion a a Miniu'er. decluies his readinra to forwat A n private suh?eripiMon for its amelioration s nn In dlvldut 1 tn the Potteiie, (limine n'a!k bbroed; thousands ore striving j and those who would cruel ly attempt tn delude the mitTirri into tbo belief that maehinerv is the caie of their distress, tntty reTd in the cneral tleatltntton tie re, I he refutation of ihcir fbolleh filsehooti. In the Potteries there is no other machine Wfjiked but the potter's wbee :ne:itio'.cd in Srinture. In th'- metropolis we hnve a specimen of toe general description in tii fact that even printers, u.via.Iy tlie most pr'ispei o';.- of the cia-SLs who live hy htbor, arc appealing l priVato bonnvolence, with tin? fippailing fact th.-t twelve hundred rompositors and pressmen are un employed) and many of them with large families, are nrtually in ataiving state." The fallowing is rin extract fr"m n letter giving aeeoani of ih3 distress amnng tho Wtwklng clan os, prevailing at Stockport. 11 in nr.r '"IMS lirt- Cqil'iliV " - redncun, tint ii wives are to w see:, from dnor to dor, or rnthcKng th ofn.tr- nhief nutomers. Who must by tbe law commerce, dictate in their mukets, tho price ol our cotton," Ho contends that the tnritf laws of nnd '28 threw down the price if cotton to noth ingthat the compromise art of 1833 su Idenly raised it, nnd that tiip oppressive) act of 1842 has thrown down prices still lower than in '30 and '35. 'Mi reator1 repudiates the manufacturers, cry from Lowell, that our dUirP-i Is to be ascribed to our ovor-produciion of cotton, and counsels iPsUtinrt;, us of yore, to the unjust m d utteonstitutlonat legis lation, which, arhlle it ruins the roiton planter, in coininp money for the BriUh nriuufaeturer, who is in the highest state of prosperity nnd aciiv'ty. the spinner- clearing, as letter writers stute, two pencil on avery pound ufootton thai they spin." (From the N. V. Focnhit Post.) PROSPECT OF THE COTTON PLAN 1 ERS- ln ill" snutbwp'tei n region of our country, we I am cnnto..tty ks-ineinr now lands andef riltivatjon. and c.ovenri" (fi 'in with iilniit'iUoria or conon eartli DBS no wneri; a sun or n ciiinain -u..r - . nial to the gi.iwth of the cotton plant, ami no where jn) dous it yield more abundant harvesw. 1M Pnflkts thatari tobe met with in the str duct of cur cotton plantations proneds, from year B,l(j wntr ,iro lnMiry wmi n ;'. w , to yean a Weftdy mid u regular nicn-nse, each Lnj a9 f ,r fjr,,t wholo li..USes nr.- witbi bringmc intomnrkt'L about aliuntifd thoUiaiiil jj(Mt woe, npT,, 0f ,w hundred I turned out for wn, and there eve ; fear that, ata lonu, that immhrr will ho frightfully .increased. 'I hj rontatil erv of the menit, 'Aiv'wt i he?- ta les moie than its predecessor. Is it iu-t in tho legislators 'if our rertuS'i starve a cotton planter for the snku of pampering lha owner olacotton mii' Yet this Is what we are doing. Tho law which shut out from our, ports tbo cheap cotton fabrics of other nations, tend to discourage tlie Consumption of cotton fieu- ; rally, nai row the market of the planters, tied hrini' them Into a fatal competition with each other. The present, tariff gives tbe owners of our OOttOfl mills a prinealv revenue a profit nf ten. twenty and thirty percent, npon their capttal All tlii i-1 paid, in come form or other, by tbo cotton crop of tho country; it is a tat on the Use and growth ol the short and long staples. lie' consumer pas it in the firt instance ; but the nigh priCi s lessen his means of purchasing, and he must purchase ien; he must spare, he must economise, he rnut ara hi I armenn longer before they go to the paper mill, be must devise Hubstitutes. The ennSeipjence. is, that the sonsumptfon of cotton rabric i- proportion- mt a spin.; fresh men rv reason to to die nf fl'MVution, or se" our cbil ourmees from hanger, while p'ent lamir The situt,ti.n of the fern description tiak-d, shivering w'n from hunger, they are pan ling the ptoring with tears and lUppHeationt themselves arid tli-ir (amishmg eht fren fall abound bcfui i in 1 lth. Youth is nld age a regret , blunder; ma'.iiood a sin:g T)ii not suppose, tint 1 hold I unit 1 say i-. tint geriu.' , Why, tie' greatest captains In Uepanto 'rn lime p, the tr Ph of Mauriia two wl at. twenty nve u r nr,,; had it not been for Ui xt year lie would have ! . (iaton de Foil, w:.; he stood h victor on tit- plain of Ke" expr ! of only thlrty-si wh i ill bit mirncle-s ittlo more than r-., lied knowtedged the loss of mofoundest 'ates'nnti Nell , C'liv i be g teste of ll5 tgl tin thee are wan er to be settled it must be by a whim population exclusively. It will be tbo interest uf tlie earlier admitted StBte to make it so; and it in left to the election of tho Stites which Bra to grow up in this high grnin-grovving and grazing reg:ou to .-'eciduon presenting ihemsulves for admission, whether thej will prohibit slavery or not. As this will be in the choice of tho majority, who can doubt IS to the re sult? North of latitude 3o' degreec 30 minutes slavery is absolutely prohibited. Upon the whole, wo congratulate tha democracy on tbe vote of the popular branch of Congress, it is auspicious to tho peace, prosperity, and happiness of the whole continent. iik tlu Important krom Washington. The debate on the subject of Texas annexation was brought to a cioso in tbo House ol Honreseatativas, on ti rounded with so many old and faithful ser vants as our friend Stevenson, "In the outset of my business career," said he. "I took into my employment a young man tn fill tlie situation of under clerk; and accor ding to a rule I had laid down, whenever a stranerer enlfred mv service, his duties were of a nature to involve as little responsibility as Dossible, uniil sufficient lime had been given to form a correct estimate of his char acter. This young man, whom I shall call Smith, was of a resnectable family. He had Inst his father; nnd had a mother and sisters m snmp measure denetident upon him. After he had been a short tune in my employment, it happened that my confidential clerk, whose dntv it was to receive the money from the hnnk for the navment of watres, being pre vented by an unforsecn circumstance from attending at the proper time, sent the sum re quired, by Smith. My confidence was so great in my head clerk, who had been long known to me, that I was not in the habit of regularly counting the money when brought lo me: but as, on this occasion, it had passed ihrough olher hands, I thought it right to do no. Therefore, calling Smith back as he was leaving my counting-house, I desired htm to wait a few minutes, and proceeded to ascer tain whether it was quite correct. Great was my surprise and concern on finding that there avas a considerable deficiency. "From whom,' said I, 'did you receive this tnoney?' "He replied 'From Mr. ,' naming my confidential clerk. 'It is stranee,' said I. looking steadily at him. 'Hut this money is incorrect, and it is the firr,t time that 1 have found it so.' He changed countenance, and his eye fell before mine; hut he answered with tolerable compo sure 'that it was as he had received it. "It is in Tain 1 replied, 'to attempt to im pose on roe, or to endeavor to cast ;uspicion on one whaae character for the strictest hon esty and tiodeviating integrity if. so well es tablished, ftfow, I am perfectly convinced that you have taken uiis money, and that it both of his, he turned towards me his dying 25th ult., and the following joint resolutions having countenance, full of gratitude and anectton, and said, 'My dear master, my best earthly friend, I have sent fur you that I may give you the thanks and blessing of a dying man tor all your goodness to me. To your gen erosity and mercy I owe it, that I have lived uselul and respected, that I die lamented and happy. To you I owe it, that I leave to my children a name unsullied by crime, that in after years the blush of shame shall never tinge their cheeks at the memory ot their la ther, O God ' he continued, 'Thou who hast said, "blessed are the merciful, ' bless him. According to the measure he has mated to others, do thou mete unto him. Then turn ing to his family, he said, 'My beloved wife and children, I intrust you, without fear, to the care of that heavenly parent who has said "Leave thy fatherless children to me, and I will preserve them alive, and let thy widows irust in me." And you, my dear master, will I know, be to them as you have been to me guide, protector, and friend. 1 hat contin ued the kind old man, looking round upon us with glistening eyes, "though mixed with sor row, was one of the happiest moments of my life. As I stood by the bedside of tbe dying man, and looked around upon his children growing up virtuous, intelligent, and upright, respecting and honoring, as much as they loved their lather; when 1 saw his wile, too overcome with grief for the loss of a tender and beloved husband, yet sorrowing not as one without hope, but even in that moment of agony deriving comfort from the belief that she should meet lunrj again m mat world where ; Adieus and farewells are a sound unlrhowni" when I listened to his fervent expressions of gratitude, and saw him calmlv awaiting the inevitable stroke, trusting tn the mercy ol God, and at peace with his tellow-men; ana when 1 thought of what the reverse of all this might have been crime, misery, a dis graceful and dishonored life, perhaps a shamelul and violent death had I yielded to the first impulse of indignation, I felt a hap piness which no words can express. We are told that there is more joy amongst the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth, lhan oyer ninety and nine just persons hiai need no repentance. With such a joy as we may imagine theirs, did I rejoice over poor Smith, as I closed his eves, and heard the at tendant minister in fervent tones exclaim, Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord: yea, saith the spirit, for they rest from their labors, and their works do follow them.' My friends, I am an old man. During a long and eventful career in business, 1 have had intercourse with almost every variety ot tem per and disposition; and with many degrees of talent, but I have never found reason to swerve from the principle with which I set out in life, to temper justice with mercy " Such was the story of our friend." And I pssed in committee of tbo whole, were reported to theno.iss, and tbe previous question having been called tor and nustuined, they were- adopted by a vote of J 20 to 113. We have room only for tbe resolutions and Vans and nuys on their final parage. We are plensodto notice tho name oiour imme liaie UepreS'-mtativti, Mr. Dellett, among tho aflir- mntiTe votes. JOINT RESOLUTIONS dcclaiing the terms on which Congress will admit lexat into the Union as a State. Resolved by the Senate, and House, of Repre sentatives of the. United States of America in Co)igrens assemble i. That Co.igre.s doth consent lhat the territory properly included within, and rightfully belonging to the republic of Texas, may be erected into a new Slate, to be called the tute of Texas, with a repuhlieun form of government, to be adopted by the people ol said Jtepuolic, by aep- uttes in convention asembteni, with the consent ot tho existing government, in order that the same may be admitted ah one of tho States of this Union. Sec. 2. And be it further resolved, That tlie foregoing consent of Confess is given upon tlie following guaranties, to wit 1st. Said State to be formed, subj-ctto the adjum ment by tbisgovernment of nil questions of bounda ry that may niisa with other governmental and the constitution thereof, with the proper evidence of its adoption by the people of said republic ofTexa, shall be transmitted to tbe President of the United Suites, to bo laid before Conpreps for its final uc tion, on or before the first day of January ana thou sand eight, hundred and forty-nil. 2d. Said State, when admitted into the Union, after ceding to the United States all mines, miner als, salt lake, and springs, and also all public edifice-', fortification, barracks, ports and burbots-navy und naw-vardi, docks, magazines, arms arma ments, and all other property und means pertaining to the public defence belonging to said republic Ol Texa, shall letain all tbe public funds debts, tax en, and dues of every kind which nuiv belong to or be due. and owing said republic; anil shall aluo retain all the vncant and unnnnroiu i.ited lands Ivine within iis limits, tobe applied to the payments of tht debts and liabilities ot said renubna of iex.is turn lilC resume oi said iano uuor oisciUUYinsj iu debts and liabilities, tobe disposed of as said Stutc (.land produce hut pin may direct , out in no evnnt mrm sum ucum mm nu bilities to become a charge upon tbo government of the United Stales: 3d. New States of convenient size, and having sufficient population, mny hereafter, by the consent of suid State, be formed out df tht territory thereof, which shall bo entitled to admission under the pro visions of the federal constitution. And surh States as may be formed out of that portion Ofsald territory lying south of thirty six degrees thirty minutes latltUdOi commontv Known as mo cmssoun compromise line, snail te aumiiteu into me union, with or without slavery, as Hie people ol eacn State nukine admission may desire. And in such State or States an shall he formed out of tbe aid territory north of said Missouri com promise line, slavery or involuntary servitude, ox cent for crime, sbnll be prohibited. The question being on its paestige, Mr. Jameson callad for the pevious question, which was sec I onded and tbe main mixtion was ordered. A FACT AND A QUKSTION. Tin- following condensed view of ti e quantity and value pf the staples uf the Southtrn States, as given by a writer in the Charleston Mercurv, m well wor thy tbo serious consiJerajion of every patriotic statesman. The question thrusts itself upon the .mention of the most slufctsh intellect, as to the rauV's of cei tain commercial, an 1 pecuniary phe nomena which be sees taking place in the social and political community of which bo a member. Tint question is, why il the South, which produces oih ly millions worth of Cotton, twenty millions worth of Tobacco, two wlllions worth of Elioe, live times as much grain as New England neaily twice ai much as tho mi Idle slates, ono eighth more than the grain States of the Wesf, and, of Indian corn nlows, three hundred millions of bush-ll constantly fall ing off, in a fearfully increasing ratio, in wealth nnd power, whilsi the Northern Sta'.;, with all the die advantages of a riforoui climate, sterile soil, and sennty production of tha very necessaries of life, uro advancing in wealth and novir, wi:h a rapidity and ateadinesu unexampled in tbo history of any oouotfff Whv it It, aaai the ntttfcal economisti the statcsmnn, and the ciuzen? The full answt i to that question would diclo-e u system of leglsla tlvej oppifssion a b"tnry of legislative wrong und injustice--and Ill-concealed scheme of pleader, color of 1 iw, inch as ii i U no parallel in modern times. Under its effects, ihe btiraVned arid op pressed South, conscious of her situation) sndoftha evils which are crushing her, stiu-rgles fur relief, but strus'.'b" in vain. Like the miserable sailerer oppr -ed with tin! iueubuH of night, sh 1 ciics f r help, and essays t i lly from thetppolling dancer, bat her paralysed limbs cannot move, her liildess tongue Can articulate no sound, and her prostrate en ergies atliucr LO sympathy, Sin.' bus confided too far; she) has been doped ton often; she bas trusted to n perfidious legislative Delilah and her ambro sial locks, the evidence and tbo secret ot hei' strength, have been horu from her, and Inn- ene mies BOW deride and laugh at her credulity nnd loss of power. This is nugrative language we know, and proves nothing, yet ii hut feebly III us rates 'I" true condition at this mimic nt, of that portion of tbe countiy " hicli produces out u"ei not euj' if, this vast amount of wealth. The people at large have v, iint'fl-'eil i his unjust on unequal sute nf iaim:y. and have said it mutt scenes, They have demanded a change. They have deoratd tbattberesballbe h)' torn of equulity and equality justice. That plun dered South that derided South lli.it Opposed d loOg suffering S'-uih, still asks for simple and even banded justice ; she is still willing to enter in to treaty with those who have so long despoiled her of the neb fruits ol her labor, but there i point of lime, beyond which, endurance teuscs to bo lauda ble, nnd supplication ends. We commond the following nrtiele to a few no ments' calm und serious raflactlon I "A writer in the Charleston Mercury, over the sinuiure of "Mercatia," whose oniue articlo we would publish bad n room, tdiows, front a Con gressional document ofjast session, that the South ern Stnins, taking the IVomac, I lie Ohio rivet, und tbe Missouri, as the northwestern hound iry, pro duce of grain the enormous quantity of fifty three and three quarters (53) bushels to every soul Within their limits, while tho Middle State, mc-lu- liii'' Maryland, produce L-m twentv-uino and n uiar.ei to each inhabitant, and lb-; States of New ii a nan ousneis in rry innaomn ioii wooi uia quuuii ihhum. m dent of our eighty millions worth of Cotton, out twenty millions worth ofTobaCOO, our two million- worth uf Rice, produce m..io than hva limes ih you ii I do not ; I worship tli th'- most illustrious ad Innocent ,111 the greatest ct despot of Christendom at th Medici was a cardinal at fiftc tells us bafH-d with his star , ragon himself lie wns a pnj seven. Luther robbed even h Vlftre Wesl 1 ablv less, and the planter findl h bring their accustomed prices in tli" market, Tbo following, t iken from a late Savannah will show the annual Increase in the cultlva cotton in tbo United States. The ciop now coming into market it is ted will rhoW even more than the same rati crease. If the trade In COttOn fabrics were I ed only hy a moderate duty, we might expert thai upon thf golden cupolas of Mexico tha 601 ton crop of the year would be freely prehas I rice of Saxony Hied nt thirty wo, ed in the European marker, to be manufactured and oxported lint as matters now stand, there can he nn such expectation, A Liverpool paper of the latest dot , after remarking that the cotton market is in a very depressed state, and nfter giving a hint'Tm'iit of the quantity imported Into Great Britain, com pared with the quantity taken for con sumption, hivs: 'It it thin shown, that the stock is at previa 130,300 hugs more than last year, nnd thoneWcrop in arriving freely, so that no great diminution in the Stock can take place, nnd consequently an im provement In prices may be considered out of tha question linking ut the N. O. Prises Current rat Dec"v her 7th, we see that the whole Stock of Cotton on hand, nt the different ports of the United States, Is but eighteen thousand bales leas than it was last year at the same date, not withstanding that th" exportation ot cotton bas been much morn active this year. Et Is melanoholly to sot this conflict between tbe legislature of a country and tbe enterprise of its r.iti.ons. I i.e noi.n.e go on lo pn iuee, a r, a 1 nn ress go on to obstruct, ihe sa produced.: If the present state of things oontinuea, now long will It be before tho cultivation of cotton will cease in tbo Carolines and all along th Allan tic coast7 How hug before t'.o sandy and aom paratlVely unfruitful region which at Am supplied ; 'ore he was til the Con ton crop, will no longer repay tho expanses cret sway of F.i of its cultorei when it must pass I- the richer nnd But it is nee lie deeper soill ofthnsosjAwesttfcad tbo planters of tory ol h roes the Atlantis coast mustoonsider, not without snm caue for embarrassment, what they must substi tute in Its place. I Italy -t battle ot jealousy ot n Emporoi only twenty- died. Ban er u forty dive , hen he fOXe i When Mao '1 Rurope Se apiain und ihe Then there is n'.s or civil prudence ; the popes, wns the Irty-sevea. John d sen, and Gulct'-iurdini raft Ferdinand of Ar ne a- Ceo X. at thirty- tf bis richest pro- yola and Ignatius uge and ihirly-five. Tn they worked will was onlv thirty when he wrote tlie "Spiritual Ehtercfses.'' laCal wrote n Iteat work at sixteen, the gn ateit of freucheaeni antl died at thirtysaVeal Ah I that fatal tbirtysoeveD, whicli reminds m M Bvron. greater even as a man than n witter, W s- tt experience that guinea the when he painted the palaces of too at thirty-seven. Richelieu tare ot 'huty one. Well then of tho commodity broke and Pitt, both ministers leave otVencket. Grotius was i-i seventeen, nn.i attornoygeneral And Aeqnavlva was avery eabinot In Eui Ro thei befo R; B iihr inc- er man at pra uee u t twont; -four. leral of :1k- Jesntts ruled , and eel mlsfd Am rico be i. What a career! the se I'hat was indeed o i-ition ! AoBicutTusut AKMDott.-ru i is Cresioui as meniiooed by Pliny, th Roman historian, waio 1 . i'ly a slave. Having been made a freeman, j be purchased d m ill spot nf ground, from which he iis obtained, throttghhls unwearied iuduslr; , m letfa finer mi ! crops than many of the neighbors who h id larger ig-j fumn. This iXclted general envy, which his enr a mtes cariiad to so h a length, at to accuse him oi as employing magic cbarma to render hn gronnds Rr set I tile, and toimpoverih theirs The Edile caused him lo he summoned to appear und answer the charge before ihe pi ople df Rome Cresinns obeyed the mandate, accompanied by his daughter, a fresh and healthy I toktng girl, charms which nppoarcd to greater advantage from the simplicity ol her dress The accused also brought with him tha tools ami lm nlementi of bis ptolession. His mattocks were remarkably heavy, his plough wis of an enormous nnl his cattle wore all sound and fat '3e hold!" said this truly dignified and indignant far- "Ik bold mv whole mag qui par ! heboid BUFFERING IN ENGL AMD. It is tiPxt to Impossible for the people l country to form any opinion of the suffering eondf i mi of the immense manses of the Impel -ss poor in Kng land. We learn from nn English paper that a public meeting of the inhabitant' nf Leds, was held a few weeks before the s.. log of tbo lust steamer, to investigate tho condition nftbeunem ploy 1 poor and a report carefully drawn u: from detailed account, wns read to the meeting. The extent of detitut ion. ai represented In this report is indeed frightful It appears that there are twei -ty thousand Individuals in Leeds who aio livingon 1 pence a week each nbout twenty cents! Ihe report paid : "Th" most harrowing description were given by snme aftbO viiitors of thesccn-s they had witness' od. ' I be cases ot listres.i, savs I Jr. Smiles t c-lit- mer. f of tbo Leeds Times.) 'of extreme distress that the charms which 1 have resource lo! There had come under hi notion that morning;, bad bar- j others, indeed 1 which I em not capable tH prod rowed up bis ver y -oul. I Hear, h-ar I here before youl I mean the sweat id m orOWS was one case whicli be would particularly mention. ( eessant toils both nf A iy and tog Ha bad noted down the name, and he was sure, if j eloquence decided the mallei f, any doubt axtstod, IndfvldtiaJs might satisfy them- acquitted by the unanimous voic selves as to the correctness of the Statements, At apblatldJn os embly. the and ol BrooM street, then was n B'liatl cellar t I dwelling, nine fet't by twelve, into which ib"y were introduced by the enumerator I he dwelling was so I onaideraMc l.rnenth tttc , street that only half of tha window was above it. 1 It was a damp, disagreeable il blighted, tlUaired den. Hoar, bear, j In that apart nu nt they found three families. o nsiting o' sixdvo IndlVldU- a's. uinu who slept in it every night. SdvMUion 1 There was four adults, nnd twelve children, b.x ( individuals consisting of one family, slept open Ss 1st- j tor 01 straw, nttodiea togetnor, not iiae auona ow wigs, not even like animuls. for their situation WM nothing t- he compared to the comfort ol our dogs and horses in our stables. Hear, bear.1 Other four or five slant on a bod of shaving's, and ihe re- mainiig five slept on another miserable bd in the ; tiers, . . Spattinent, When they entered ihe poor mother T.ATL1 ITEMS KROM CONGUE was weeping, her infant was on her knoo In the last Duncans Hill to establish PrOsid tannf tk faial disease, dvlns? without any medical 1 on the same do? throughont the Onion h stsisiance. Sensation. The family wore sntiiely , the Senate The Tuesday next aftei tbe first destitute, no means uf subsistence, no weekly earn- .day ii Novtmber is the day fixed, tng', no parish relief, Hear, henr.J That was A 13 ill has been reported by a committee to ona instance.' We fear Leeds mav semi for a SoaetO to erect Oregon into a territorial govt in n On 1. j the n 1 or ss Tins aali' 1 Ii is said that the United Stales ship 0 -irs ihe only warlike name of any State in un Tbo following is stated to be the 0 - 1 lord Ohio: noble rivoi from which the State nf Oh o de s lutine, was formerly settled on ill barks by wmiike tribes of Indians, ho were very ius and almost always at variance with each conaequently nearly ail thoir battles were in canoes on the iver, and owing to the m -'laughter so repeatedly m ido, 'hey gave to it ne of Ohio, which signifies the war river, ome of the chiefs explained it. the bloo.fv far I and others, the Stream of wur. This ibo tditioa Itandod down bv the chiefs to iis fust set elections s passed much grain as New Kngland, nearly twice as much as the Middle Stale, and one eighth more thin the great grain States of ihe Wrist We produce of Indian cum alone, nearly three hundred millions of bushels.' "'Mercator' contends thai as tha cotton crops have been for the last three years lliey llSVO neai lv all been consumed that tbe demand has carried oil' tho supply, and ut the close of the last session there was not excess of cotton on ban I as legiti mately to produce the important and ruinous BQOOt on the prices ol the ensuing crop that has occurred. 'Mprcafor' th n hAs ; 'Why, men, has nut the price of cation been maintained?' ihe answer seems to ho very plain nyour tautt laws, says ho, our cotton cannot bo exchanged for iheprvductions sample ol nearly every town in tne inanumciunnc I districts. Winter is rapidly advancing on a popo latum without employment, and without pronartVi prescribing u bounties of land Tbe Chinese ba been ratified In the House, tVc and max what thev hud having been parted W order.to supply na been ratlneil ,- a lar re row - tbeir mnat ihmiIbi svaht It wns mated too. bv ' In the Hofsc. a resolution te make inquiry a Dr. Smiles, that the small grocer was falling and bout Yancy's and CliUgnWs d md lo expel becoming bankrepis In large numbers. Many were j them if guilty, was lot by I v ita 106 to Bt2. not able to pay their debts. This, again, acted on . 11 TT Z "I e .1 ti -uju-jJi u.M.k.-MnM4iiUA ..i-iiiVT and Mr. Wtt, H. VMk. the brother ol the PTtai he could state, what mosi of them perhaps knew, I dent elect, recently was appointed by Mr. large nttmbor of the first elass tradesmen (Tyler. Charge to .apics nut sir, rotn nu kaM MMMMti kaMB hunk r ums. - ne inert aficerjtlDS me appoinimouu .inu sai Another paper, the Liverpool Mercury of the :.'. idt-i says : "Tho winter is noi yet commenced, yet the general distress throughout ba country has nnived at su'-ha po;nt.iht nothing but a wholesale famine canc.rrv f.mlier. Krom I'Hisiev mo acromu fi Igntfbi, so frightful that evonSir Ruben his name was sabtmlted to ir 1 yler by some of his friendl (too good nntttred) without h.s. knowledge or consent. This gentleman h.?, been the special object of the spying (if the Washington letter writers; fetid this ht mon will give rise to more speculation from lhen than evt r.