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The weekly independent. [volume] (Aberdeen, Miss) 1848-1853, April 16, 1853, Image 1

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. BBggai Ti" TTMTiT g
" Wt hold t lie maxim no less applicable to Public than Private affairs, that 'Honesty ll the best Pollcf. -. Washington-
VOL. 8. -NO. 52.1
TERMS. Three dollars per annum
n advance, or four dollars if payment be
delayed to the end of the year.
No paper will be disconiinucd. except
at the option of the publisher, until all ar
'rears are paid.
ADVERT g i;jie T s
Inserted! one dollar per s.juaro ten lines
'or less for the lir.-t insertion, ami fifty pouts
(per square for eabh ,subser nent insertion.
Business Cards, not Bieoaedjog one square,
ten dollars for the season. Advertisements
Which are no! marked wjtli tin' nniiiber ol
'.insertions, will be inserted 'till forbid, and
charged accordingly.
On yearly advertisements, a liberal dis
,count will be made. The privilege of yearly
advertisers is eouftned to their own special
"business or trade.
All articles of a pcrsonrj nature will he
charged double the advertising rates, and
must he paid for in tvlrauee.
Political or other kind of circulars or ad
'dresses arTeoting the interests cf private iudivid
'Uhls, will be considered wlc rtiuiut nts.
Cauiliihites names svinouBcea as fol
lows: For county oiliees, live dollars: Suite
sind District o likes, tea dollars invariably
Hn advance.
1i Y A U 'J I! 0 R 1 '1 Y j
Lvi ofihe t nltl Srt(rM
Vatscd during the Senrnd Se&iftn
Thirty-second C oil great
of the
Public Act No. :n.
-fsYACT nmliinu appropriations fof the ."nil
port of tlie Army fOf tnjjB year encHiTg tin
thirtieth of Jams one thousand eight nun
ilret! mil fifty lour.
lie it tnttcted bu the fit ante and Mouse of ltejire-
ntativrs ef the i'niird Stntt f America hi n
fVMf assembled, Tlml lliu fallowing pQlu bo, hih!
'the samo art; hereby, rtppi.'.f. i itttl out of any
money in the trt asnry not ntlierwuu ftApro
priated, fur i!it support of the army fpr th l
year ending the thirtieth of June, on; tftou
naiii eicrJu iiiiti-lrfj n 1 lil'iy four;
For pay of the urinv. out; milium embl Irlltj
'ttteU and fourteen thouttntl if Veil tui'i(lri d
nnd fifty nine dollars: PrumtkJ, That the ifUa
ry of the military storekeeper-, of the or-lnau.-f
department in ( tregon, UtOifoijnin, and New
Mexico, shall hereafter be one tbdujittul twq
'hundred and fifty dollars per annum;
For the retnonuritig of the imir domvpntiiei
of KffUt artillery, sUltuOrtXBtl hy the ao i
March third. eighteen Iiundt (i and forty seven
eifthteen thousaud fle hnn ired (foliar; Pro
vided, That thu ittme be tftpendbti at ttie Jit
cretion and !y direction uf the i'ruaideiit of
the United State;
For the deinae pfShu F!rttnoUoo', Ctajttfor.iia
five hundred tlion-mid dollars.
Fur continuing the UefeupBi W 1U0 follow
ing forts, v'iXi
FLGR 1 1 A .
Fort effe
i-rson, at GardeiiKeyi orTortJisns
IsUn.i. on"
li in tired thousand dttllnrsj
Fort 'lay !i
Key West, seventy thon-
hand dollars.
Fort Pulaski including harraeKs and ijuar
tcrfi, twent) tliouvaud UoilurJ-
fcOUTB ' iWi'OLlX A
Fort Suniter. CharlestOH landor, one )ntn
dten and ten thousand db liars.
Fort Carroll, SoJIeM's Poiil; BaUltrtoce hur
vQf lift''' tiioti.-and dolturs.
Fort Delaware, Pea Pirtoli Inland. Delaware
'river, one hundred and fifty thousati 1 dollars.
Fort Knox. Peiiobs'Odt river, fifty live thou
wiiuil dollars.
Fort Warren, Boston limbor. foity live
thousand dollars;
Fort Wiuthrop, Governor Islntri, Iiostou.
-twenty nine thou?a nd live buudred and seven
ty three dollars,
For cominuiatiou of 0 (Boers' suWUtenoe
six hundred and Ul'teeo thousand elghl buu
dred and forty sOVBU dollars;
For doiuoruttttion of fbtage for offiet rs
hOrei one tiundred and fout 1 housaiui nine
hundred and twenty eight dud irsj
For pBfment in liftti of ctothiug for offieefs
tervauts, thirty six iliouaui three IfttruUed
and twenty dollars;
For eftpetfeei oi recroiting, forty three uiou
sand tWoJhuutlt'od ddltai i;
For tliree months' extra pay for non com
missioned olheers, ntUieiaus1 and puvutes,
on reenlistnieut, ten Lhuunaiat aOliats;
ror lubsistenee m Uiud, one inilhoti nnu
twenty Blgnt luousauu, (Our htmdreil and
ninety sevt u dollars;
rot cunning for tue arroyt'Oanrp ana gar
rison equipage, ana horse eqinptueiits, ttiree
hundred and fifty two UlOUSftUd Que bwtdrpd
and forty three dollars and lifiy six cetits;
r or the regular lupplies Ot the una; to i in
'ter's 'depart men l. eousisi iu ol' lie-l. forage ill
kind :or the uOrses. mules., and oxen otiiu-
quartermast-i' a 'department, at the several
militniy posts and stations ( and with the ar
mies in the Quid; for the horses ofbe liret add
seeond regiment 01 uBgOOns, the c:otupuiiies
of light artillery: the reginntfil of inouutedtt
flemen, and such companies of iulUutry as
may he mounted, audulsojor the h ut lion ed
number of officer's liorses ti -n serving i i I
fie IU and at tire out prists; of straw tor soldiers
bedding, -and of station eyj including ootiipa
ny and other blank vooks for the army, e
tieates for dieohagd soldiers, bUb foirns lor
the pay and iquarterniaster1! departm rnte, and
! tor the printing of division arid departinetit 6r
Wors, ariuv reffuhVtiens. and report, one mill
ion and fifty thousand dollar;
rox the incidental expense of the anarter-
waster's department. oOnststing of postage on
letters and packets received and sent by oth h'is
of the army on puldie service; expenses of
courts martial and courts Of iiiuim v, irciudmir
he:addtt(.ouul eomH'M utioa lojadge advo-
i cales, recorders, momoers, and witnesses,
i while on that service under the act of March
sixteenth, ciHiteeu hundred and two; extra
.nay to soldiers employed, under tin- dircciifill
.ofthe qiiartermaste deport men-, in the erec
tion ot our racks, quarters, storenouse. and
'liospitals; (he COtlStUCtion of roads and other
constant labor, Jor periods of not less ihan le.i
. days, under the B6t OfMttroh BecOfld, eighteen
..hundred and nirjoteenj expenses of express to
.and Irom the iroiduT posts and armies in the,
Jiehl; of escorts to paymasters OUer tlislo;r-
siiig oiucers, anuttrftiua, wuen military escorts
foannotOQ lurniiueu! exponses ot the inter
jrrent of non-commissioned officer and o-
.diers; authorizetl ofijcjg furniture hire of la
borers m tnt quarterinaster i department, in-
eluding hue oi Interpreters, spies; and guides
Jor the army; compensation of clerk to oiit
cers ofthe quartermaster's depart men tj com
pensation of forage uud WftgOn masters, au
thorized by the act of July, eighteen hundred
and thirty eight; ier the apprehension o( des
erters, and thu expenses incident to their pur
suit; the various expenditures required for ilie
first and second regiplGMltl of dragoons, the
.companies Of light artillery, the regiment of
mounted rillemen, and BUOll com uiies of in
fantry as may be mounted, lineuding th pur-
, chase of travelling forges, blacksmith's and
iboeing tools horse and mule shoes, iron,
hire ot veterinary sutgeoiis, and medicines for
hoasei and mules, three huudecd thousand
For constructing, repairing, and enlarging
barracks, cjuarterH, hospitals, ItOnhOUSeL sta
bles, wharves, and ways ut the several posts
and army depots; for temporary cantonments,
atid the authorized furniture for barracks
rooms of non-commissioned oflieers and sol
diery an-Louses for the rvoteotion of cannon
includmst the necessary tools and material
for tiie objects enumerated, and for rent of
quarter snd offices for officers, and barracks
and hospi'als for troops, wlfere there areluo
public buildings for their accommodation;
lor storehouses for the Safekeeping ol military
stores, and of grounds for summer canton
ments ttnd encampments, three hundred thou
sand dollars;
For erecting barracks and qunrler. at (he
Republican Fork of rim Kansas river, sixty
live thonsau 1 dollars;
For erecting barracks and quarters for a
mil) tar V post on Minnesota river, forty thou
sand dollars;
For mileage or allowance made to officers
for the transportation of themselves and hag
gage, v hen travelling on duty without troops
on' hundred and twenty thoimnd dollars,
Fcr tcansportatioh of the army, htutudlnfl
the baggage of the troops, when moving ei
ther by land or water; of elothjnjr enmpaud
garrison eqvupage and bOrSB equipments,
from tlie depot at Philadelphia to the several
posts and army depots, OfVuUBlStenoa from the
places of purcliase, and from the places ofde
liveiy, under contract, to -nch places ai the
circumstances of ihe servio1 may require it to
be sen'; of ordnance, ordnaie stores aud small
arms, from the (ouhdries aid uruiories to the
arsenal?, foriifientions, froltier posts. and ar
my depots; freight-, tools, and H-rriages; for
l ho purchase and h'm pf Lors, mules, oxen,
wagons, carts, drays, ships, .rid other seago
ing vesse's und bonis; for fie transportation
ol supplies, and for garrison purposes; for
dray age and cartage - at the v veral posts; hire
of teamsters; tmiisportmionof funds for the
pay and other disbursing departments; the
expenses of sailing pubiic transport on the
VarJoit rivers, the (Julf of Mexico, and the
Atlantic and Paeffio; ami fo; procuring water
at such posts as from their dtuation require
that it be -brought from a di-tunee, one mill
ion five hundred thousand dllara
For the purchase of horetv r quired for the
first pod second regini'nts pf dragoons, tie
companies of light artillery, ihe rcgiucut of
mounted rilh uicn, and BUeu companies of in
fantry a-, may bi inouuted. ue huuJieiluud
eighty liiotisand (hdlars;
Fnrthe medioai aiel hospital departments,
litiy two thomaud dodars;
For chiiiiuu, gnu barriitgOs and hroieeiiles
torseaeonst dcleuee, two hcudred thousand
Fur urdu inee, ordnance stores, and supplies
one hundred thousand dolhn;
Forthe current cxpe.w.'stf the ordnance
service, one hundred thous ml dollars,
For the manufacture ofuriiB at the nation
al nrmori -s, uvu hundred atkl liliy thousand
To itieke sood damages at Harper's Ferry.
eaus:cd by ipe flood' pf nitieluth tuirttweu
tie'fll r f April, eighteen hnndi;d and Ully two,
twejity liioiisiind tlulia.s;
For M'pairs and im prove rvnts Hud new
niiii hinery at harper's Ferry, jpiiy three lliou
satid live hundred dollai
Fbr n jf'irs and in prove fnenl and new nia
chinery at Biyrtfigfl dd arimny. fcrty six ihou
sand anil. nil. ri; tour doTr&is: PtauoW. TUt,
liomand alter th first day of J u!y uext, the
act of COngrttll approved ft Ogpst tweuiy
I hinl, eighteen hundred rod fnty two, be so
modified thai the President" may, if in his opin
io, the public mieresi tlaiPantjH, it place over
Buy of tiia armories a super, iren ient who
d ei iiot Jbtdoie; loth- army, and inptfiavftc
ei.ahie h.m to decide to his p itisfnt-i ion, is
hfrehy auibonzed to cant n nnnrttarj and
proper inquire-.- to be instituted through the
Medium of a eoimniseitU) ot' civilians and
military men, with the view of ascertaining
which ofthe two systems is the most econo
mical eilo-ium. and n.jle for the management
Ofthe public armories, that formerly existing
under the superintendence oFeivTl officetsTor
that now pJfUfillfl under the superintendents
OQmOBN Of 'the rtbtance de)arlment;
For arsenals, j'orty one, thou -and ami seventy
one dul.ai s; uud that the Secreary of War b.
and is hereby, authorized to abolish such of
the Ltrsetl lis of the Xfhitod SliUs Us in his
jtidgmeiii may be useless or un iece--ary.
fr arrearages to July flrst,etgbten huudre 1
and hfieen. payable througlb ttie tidies of the
1 lord Aiidiioi, under a.i ;ut ,ip;nov:d M-iy
Hi st.cighieeu hundred and twenty, in addition
to an jUHpfudtfd baianoe of seven thousand
lour ha It dred und twenty six dollar remaiu
ing in ihe ireasiiry on the thirtici h of Septem
ber, one thousand eight hundred and liliy two
three thousand live hundred dollars;
For arrearages of pay, subsistence, and elo
thi ig due to Captain iiichard .Ue Hae's com-
pauy of Virginia volunteers, Which served in
Ihe war Willi Great Kiitani in eighteen bun
dled and iwcJve and thirteen, th'sum ofleu
thousand three hundred and thirty lour dollars
and thirty one emits, to be p ud oat lu the olfl
cers and sohbersof said eoirqany, or their
loegl lepre.-ciiiatives, uudr the order ofthe
Seeietary of Wa'r( upon the prddtioUou of such
apro.as Siitsdes hirfi as to tie; identity of said
oilicers and soldiers, and that they have not
been paid,
For bridges and establishing communica
tions between Fort Leavenworth and the Re
publican Fqtjf of thu Kaasay river, eleven
thomaud even hundred and twenty Uvu dot
tare; ,
For fuel and quarters for officers of the ar
my serving on bgiuhouse duty, the payment
of weich is no longer made by the Quarter
master Department, lour thousand and liliy
three dollars and eighty seven coats;
For fuel uud quarters "and for mileage or
trau-qiortatson fur oiiieers mid enlisted men
of ihe army seiving on 'Ui cost survey in ca
ses no tonka provided fcr by thai Quarter mas?
ter Department, tett thou ;und dollars Proritft-l
That the annual coast sarvey report shall be
submitted io Congress during the month of
U'jiviiib.sr in eaoq year, and Nmll be accom
panied by a narai chart ofthe whole 000411
Ofthe Unite I UmtQt On ai bfga a scale as con
venient and iirt:tic;iblo. showing us near as
pra:licabte tlie oouiiguration Of the eoasis.
and showing by hues ihe pro Dab 1 0 liiniis of
the Gulf st re u in, nnd showing by lines the pro
bable Until to w hie lij soundings of ihethes'ctb
will extend, and showing by the use ol color-,
and explanations the exact portions of our
coa-ta, of which complete charts have been
imhlidied by the coast survey; also showing
such Othe'V pans ofthe coasts of which the tn-
angulatiou, the topography, nnd the mouiT
diiigl bare boon, eompk-ted, bat not publish
ed, and also such parts of the coasts ol wiiieh
the in uigulutiou and topography, or the tri
angulaiioii only, have been eouipletoct;
SaO. 2. Jn l he it further eiuvtiul, That the
proper accounting o.lu tn of the Treasury le.
partment be, and tttay are herebr, authorized
10 adjust and settle the claims of ihe State of
Florida for the Services of her troops undei
thu act of February iwcniy seventh, eighteen
hundred and liliy our, by fhe provisions stated
for the Settlement of 1 he claims of the Stare of
Georgia for like services, as prescribed ny thu
act approved thirty first of .-August, eighteen
hundred and buy two, entitled 'Vju act mu
ming appropriations for ihe support ofthe ar
my lor the year ending thirtieth w June, eigh
teen hundred and fifty three;" audthatthe
Secretary of Warhe authorized to distribute
the arms provided for by the ao. of Congress
of eighteen hundred and eight U the Stale of
iowa according to her icprcseiiutiou iu Con
gress. IffO. 3. And he itfitrth'renartti Chal IB9 Seere
irtry pf War hu Jireoted to repoM to CKlnSTSll
wlieilmr. 111 llts opinloili h would lint l HlOl cet
iioiuicuI, proper, and mlyi$uble 10 00)6 all 10 arm
of the Uulieu Bjalei to be m4s hy tootraot.
HSO' 4. And be. it further rnartr'd, flint mtch por
tion "f thfl sum of seventy five 'MThlfl jiTT up
prepriaiw fr the disoJiirffs of claims tor Brave ut ing
mat Ittppresiijiig Imliaii rraStiHlieii hi I'lorula by iji;
an of iw I'tirv soventb of Ftunuiry, tiftitecn hon
drtd and i H- ouo. as shnll remuiu inuxpvudvd' on
ihejlihtrbii) of Jaae, elabtssii hau4rd uml fifty
three, is hereby reappreprrated for thai ptrrpoie.
Srr S, And b it further enacted, fmi tli pro-
vMioii of iii , seventh lection of the act pprovad
iajal ihirty Brst-i eiiateou Itahdrsd hfld fit'tv two;
eimiled "An act otaaulf iippropnaiions iur Ujatttp
portuf ihe army i'or llio year endiiig lliirti'itli day 0
Jane;. oe thousnad eight huoilred und fifty lhrv
shall ie conatrued to exieneHo iH jatrsbui wNp were
eAgafed ai receivfr pf nulitury pomrfbiUous h.
ttxieboT Cahfp'aii darrng the' War with Mexico.
Sec 6. And be it furlhtr enacted. That lHd pro
visions of tin? fiVMtiOa of the act entitled "Ai.
et making iipiopnatioiirt for lint support ol lb
tuy lor dm year em muf the iliirtimii pj I urns, om
Ihouiunil eight humlred ami fitly em-," spprovei
epipjrjrnr tweoty eighth, eifhteea hnolrtfau4 fii
ty, graining extra pay as the oJAeer aivj biitieted
men of 0tt army serving hi OrSgoq itm! I Ciiiiioraitt.
bettaBded to me Ofnoer"and rneu of the two cotn
paAies of regimein 01 noennted rutameri lhat gani-
Oliefl the potl tf Fort parajlifr, Oregon IPatS, du
ring llie lline I bey oeciipiml tftiid pOSf Slid t Im Ulooiiu
wlucli may he uuuid dim Uietn under tola Ml shall
be paid th 111 oul of auy moneys in Ihe ircusury nm
ot ler w isii npp ropria l ed .
Sue. 7. Alidbc it fui tker ennrted. That tie.1 S.-rre-mry
of War euusu lo be paid oillofmiy iimary 11.
the irejUury not otherwise approarh) :d, to Ricnorii
B. Lee, iaie commissary of the. J'iiciuc division 01
the urmy, (he uta of olerBii hundred and .n-venty flvi
doljaji, wiili fiueroaf frpin pn: muUi-m( Jmu-. etgo-
mt-n Jiimdied an (Ttly, hem lor money lost in hej
tanauortad frojii Ilomdnhr o Hnn Fruuuiscn, undo
iii- charge, uml lor Whieb be has aBtoHiiUMl to the d -paridieiit)
id ahieh sma utetudef l'liJ expea in
cur n-d m eflb ts to reeiver h,o sum";.
SKQ, M. Atid be it further ennctrd, That for the
seuiehwiit of the resuaiaiui unpaid claim of in
slates 01' Georgia (tud Al.hauia, Jor tdraucea inmle
tn sappreeaiilg Indian ho lihut:, ilic Brcra ary 01 the
Treasury, pay t lM) Mule of Georgia her elu ins now
renmiiiiiig ini'a;d lor moneys paid hy the ."Slate in
siipmessnig hn-tila n w.iii lha dheroKea, Creek, ami
fitetniiioje liidinns, hi the year elffhluen li and red Slid
ihirtv five, nr.dsittee, upon prwf.the same was paid
the Hlaie; ami that lie: prp.vlsioill of lha aft of C011
grefa ri laiivc to the ae(tSiue;it of the daiina ol
Georj ia lor military seryiccs. up roVod AfsrCh third
eighteen hamlr-d uud liny, he e..iteiiiled lo llm pay
ment to raade, under iuis act. ud ihaj the Hacre
tury of'tha Vrfcasury pay' to ihe Stale of Alabama,
under ihe proyisions ot ii Beta ui ContfruSi ol ix
leeuth aVttusti'SlatUeeji biuidretiaud for)i two. aud
111 tv eitly sixth January, eig) n-eu IrBlldrud und lor
ty nine, ilie halitn-e due ihe SSad Stat'' growing 0111
of thetJreidt liid;an boatilftl ol mglileea hiindreu
and iliiriy six and oigbteen huudiedund lnrty hccii
i'fividrd Proof s made that said Stat 1 advanced in
good faith ihe amen a 1 eliin$U'.
Sice. K And it ftK,- t iiirt,t. That "henev
er uuy I euicmi .t pi tin- C-u,;.- of UqglueerSi pofpa ul
Topograidii' ii1 Jbiyul -ei. to Oriinaiii c Corii shslj
hfrve served f iirleeii y . rs' C 'lituumiis servieo 11
tionienauti he ah u'. promote to t!ieraiiK ot oap
laip: i'ri'vidtd. That ihe whom manlier of Officii 1 111
either of stud 'Pips' sli ill no be LpbreOied beybn I ie
nuuiher BOW lixrd lV IftW! And providtd fnrthnt
That 110 ollieer -hali he UTOttVtwtl luioru those Who
ra k In iu iB h I BOrpsi
80. 11). And be it further tnaclcd, Thai IBB Sec
retary oi' War he uml lu; ts hereof nuilmuseil, UUder
iln: direction of tin- President 01' me United $hios, to
bntploy sucli perttou of tuo corps of topoBraphiCBJ
engineer, umisneli olunf persons its he may defin
necessary, to DiBKO suoB e x ploi nl ions ajiJ surveys us
lie mav deem odvisahlu, to BaaMruiin ihe most prueti
I'i.Uie and fcie'Uiii'ii ronu; (ui u raiiroad frjyii Hie
Mississippi rivef to ihe Paelnc oeaa'at uml ihut the
suin'of ope I1undii.1l and liny ihoiisauil ilatlais. or so
mileU theieoi .is may U. OeceMsBrv, he mid the aue"
i- hereby, ai'procii.i)'', oui of any nipney iu ihe
ire.usnry not other-. ! 1 uimo iiaied.toilelray thec;;
peiisi: o'l such expl"i aiion and surveys.
!She. II. Ajt'd bi -it further tnurl.d, That ihe iwf
npirs find irtlior par'noiiS fiupio) ed 111 Said expmru
t.o.s and . arveys SBSil b.' orgaa: I hi as many
d. .-tio. a e.irptj a the. c are routes to be -.u.v. jf d, mi l
Uien sevei a J rpOQi is shall Ik; laid before I 'migres:; On
or liefortlie first abmday iii February, eighteen bua
died Bud 11 By Jonr.
jSBOi IJ. And jh t' further itiact.d, TImI iu makiiej
ii' -li e xploraiioiis an . surveys, ii. a warhieers unit
otnBrpersons eirnJByed uuiier the auumrliy pfTttrie'
ltd e ny be di reeled In H I in e.mcerl With any engi
neers oinprUYed h ua' unlivnlual or.iudividuuls, as.
utiiuti'ii 01 iMsoeinuoiis, fur ihe saioage ural obleolt
and the Seereiary oi War 1 le'iehy tiutforized ami
1 -ijuirtai 10 leeeive propositi , i 'mi a iiultvuUlais or n
oeiuluiws tot diu foii-i rneinm of a mil n-ud pat Weu
the verdey ofthe Miaaisstp'Hfaiid ffia ranflb OceAn,
and lay the auiau htihre Congress ul the nexl aes-
1 ..
rii-c. 11 And be itfunhtr enacted, Thai in the ad
j ist aeutof1 the aeVou t of iheSiate of Virginia, un
Bar 1 Liu iweliih seotiall of the act approved tlitriv
'ir.-.t-Augi.i, sigbtaeji hundred umt litiy tuo, the
hkcralry o VVar pt'j uml he is heretri directed to
l i ' 'the prwVJi ImiS ol th not pf Iisid of June,
(rtg liH on bunHtfcd and foriv bftytVi, fr. m..- (;. rc
fundi'u t"J thfi 'yeraJ pUite the ajneuBBi exeended
tK-tpeiti tn rtuSiiig regiments of volUBteeri for thu
X' Hirau war
mx. 14. Affsfee it funher enae-ted, Tbol 1ljel.1t of
hmd in the iov.11 of New Coetle, ui.theSaneofDe!:!
uaie, upon u In eli in fttseiiul has been me. u d. und
be saiduTseiiul he, und the an tii ure hetei rtfeon
vByed'aad araated to the truatee ofthe suid town
uud limir stjeeessora,
&KC 1 .. And ue it further enarhd, rbat for l'e
purpose of .enabling ttis OoMiBhreioheta of lha Mili
ury Asylum 10 parhiiu B Mjiitable "ite itli Ihe
view of eUtbll'wn( tlcreat u Western Uilhery
Asyhiui.lhe Su.'in nf 1 a thdtisimd dollar, in addition
lo iho sum in th han ll of the commissi Hew, is bIB
liy approprted out ot uuy money iu the uousury not
oliiei Wl-ie' BVpropsBUfd.
Approved Mar. 11 J, 1 A.
lI'i ifMc A ci No. 58.
AN ACT maBiug apuUp iniions tor tlie ervic of
be Ppbl Olfice BTap rttneut during the fiscal year
riuhnu' the Ibkticfi nf June, one timusuiid eight
h.nidie.l ami Illy i"ur.
if 1 HttfHd by 'h Senate and Jloitsn of Jiiprtxfin.
ta-ivi "f th- tfnittd Uidim of AtntfUa in Cugrp$$
uas m ' th Th it the loi'ow hia shins be, snd the
saum ire hfirepj?, i,poroinii:id f ir thu service of Ihe
Post Otflee (lepftn uonj, for the year rmimg the tnir
iieih of Juu". oiw Miensaod eiirht bunflrea and Ifty
f.-ir, outuf By immeys iu ihe treunry mining from
fha re ven 'tee dj tin said IDei)HraaBf.in DouKirmity
lolhe aetnf (he second of'Xoiyj oiie tlrOi)sird eight
hundred and thi fy six. 11ml lor Other PUr'pBan, VIB:
For iiiue.j)oieniou ofthe niarte, five tniUien end
twentyjiuue ihpaeaBfl dollars;
For miupeftentiBB tn poetAaBtersj two tnilimii uud
tu tMily si llimniid dollurs;
For sliip. iteaiabOttt, uml way letters, thirty thou
sand dehor)
For wr.ipiiing. paper fbly two thousnnd ilnllnrs;
For miiee liiiiiiime, in -the OfflCBI of postmasters,
pight ihonsami ilo!Lis;
F.,r udvuriisiiij, seventy six lhoulrd five hnt:drcd
9or mail bsg fifiy-oun thoasfiiu ruwarfj
l-'or blauks, Jfty live ibousapd iloi!a ;
Ptw miiil lOp, Keys, uml stumps, twenty thousand
For rpftl I 8 'predaiions. uml special agents, fifiy
ihoitnuml dollars;
Fur ofOrEe in -'he offiees af pi.m I masters, five hundred
nn iiiu six thuflsSnd d Ha ;
For hilscullaiieaus itoine, one fptadred nnJ twenty
iboujaird dollar; '
For posge Siampi and stamped envelope, hity
(i.w iboutsana dolhfrs,
Stc. V. And be it further rnarted, That ihcre. he
mid i Icreliy, iippropnuled out of any money iu the
Treasury tail OMieiwlse ugproprialeiaidiil pot sx
eerdiug one milium .cTght "tiudreil utoue'snd ibllaii,
t'i astpply lay deficiency Ihui may arise m the revttu
m'rt 01 tlm I'osl Otliei) Ueparlincnt, !o meet Ihe uhue
goiuv up,uoiri'aiiom, i'of ihe ycur ending the thir
tieth of June. eij3 tbossaod eight bapdred litiy-fmir
rc. 3, And It tt ynrjkft tm acted, Thai in all eases
Wjtesl the PttpHtstin1 OeHeral "halt be ietftflsd that
either (nonay or njrot)r)iy ulcn troiu thu railed
Suites m ill, shall hnve heca exchanged tor oilier mon
ey of property 1 and has been upon the ooirvk'tiBu ol
Uie tin 11, rscetvAd at Uus Daparttuentj he hall h . ve
aotfioriiy, upon satlipsotofy evideuoe that ilie same
jbvUy bslqnircn n auy individual, firm, or corpora
tion. to ' iy Over uiirl deliver such money or proper y
10 iii owner ltteroC
Hue. 4. And be it further atartid, J bat aeeliou
ihrce of die ne ealitled "Jin net makiiig appropria
iloui im- Qie sm viee of din Pisl Oili e Departineul
danliatlie asVl year ending ihe thinieth or J on,
one thbasanfl 1 t$n Ituftdreil and fifty ''three, a d for
other purpose V ami app-nvyd ihe thirty ftrSI Anffusl.
0110 tliousund' eight hund'e'tfuud buy two, be, nnd
the Mine Is thereby, repeated.
VjrB. 5. And be it furth-r enacted, That lllfl Pot
laasttr; Genera I is hereby uaiho. tzed iu nise SBc
arraiigeiiiem 11s I.e. nirtv deem udvisable hy OtOflhl
h.-llera senl to California a id Oregon to hu u IvottisPd
free of expense tothecnlted statr, sndby lssaid
oi eir. lalari to pus tBjjyiiers aud aautiuj uutfimU)
he DHDUahed, telnsar. as far as po this, tin- delivery
Of letters sol by mail from ihe Attmitic Stales 10
Caliiornia, lo the individuals lo.wiioiu tlicy tuc dirce--od.
, !" j . .
Approved Uaseh3ias3.
Taiui f. Tii is puzzlinst name is derived
from tin buvu of Taiifa, at the mouth of tlie
.stiaits of Gibraltar. It was iho ldil strong
bobl which tbu Moors diluted with the
Cliristiausi and when tlio former held pq-
Bession of both the pillars ol IbMoides, it
was buie that thfff levied co:itiibu!ioiiH for
vessels oiitvrthu lite MeUiluruuuuii. whence
Uie generic name.
'Cinder, can you tell dis nigger what am
de difference betwixt the rtotiatituliim par
ty aud de nullilieiT' "No, nigyer; doy
aint no difference, Dey is one uud do same
iudewisible. iiicoinspatieable unit." "(io
'way, Ginger; don't tell dis child Jut story
"Facli, n.tgffec) look a here till f cietno ti
lt rate de pppsrsitioii De nullilier rru f0j
(Lsuniuii, sute." "Yftl, Ottlger." "And
de oonstituiian party go for dii anion" ul
gubs it upj nigger; your edicusbum will be
de del of you, some ob dese days."
Extern vt Cham&gb. )
Jackson, April 7, 1853. j
To the Editors of the Mt sstssipptan:
GentlBMEN About four weeks since, I
nuLlished in your paper, an Exeoulive
Proalalnattofl on the subject of the elec
tions yvhioh will occur id tlie Stute of Ml.
siSlippi '11 November, next. In thai procla
(ftation I Jirected tbo reWoiing oflicers iu
thu Biffarenl couut.es to hohl uu election,
in the State t large; of live inenibers of
CoilgreM! cousi taring as I did at the lime,
that the District System was no longer III
existence. 1 had adopted this view of the
mutter upon some reflection, anil alter ad
vising with vaiions worthy genttemeu ol
irieat judicial learning. ThpUgh I have
legarded the queslion involved ir, this pio
Ceediag, ai one of (uile a dillicnlt ohniae
ler, and have conWered it as not a little
uncertain what precise course 1 was hound
10 puisne, in the emharrasviic predicament
in which the Leghtjtitare left me last Au
iumu : yet having, upon the whule, come
to the conclusion that it would be best to
ordei an election of live memberi iu the
Statu at huge, 1 was willing, under earnest
lolicitation on the subject, froni vsrioua
qaaflers, to mako known what would be
my official aqtioil in the case several months
earlier than 1 was bound by law to do. I
had hoped that Ihe proclamation1 would
have been received with general satisl.ie
lion, ami thai a hearty acquiescence Vfoulil
Harp been accorded to it among all classes
ul our citizens. To my great suiiuise,
however, it lias evidently awakened con
siderable public discontent among persons
ol high Handing in the community, of ev
eiy shade ami bompleirton as to parly pcli
lies. This statu of things has induced ine
again to examine the point in controversy,
aud lo advise, in a mure formal Wanner,
wiih several ilritingUMhed legal gentlemen,
iu regard lo the couise proper to be jiur
Uad 1 ooifesa thai my own mind yet de
cidedly inclines to the opinion Upon wl ieh
I have heretofore acted. Ifut. never having
conceived lhat any great principle was in
volved in my action on this subject, md
never having been over tenacious, artier;
as to ma Iters of mere form; being p'erffOt
ly oonMeut also thai om live Reprainta-
livos will be allowed Intake their seals ill
Congress, in whatever mode they may lap
pen to be elected 1 hive finally deler
iniueil lo regulate inv c.n'ise by the opin
ion of liie Attorney (Jeneial of the Slate
who is made, by law, my COUItUatioaal ad
viser iu regard to such mailers; more es
pi'cially as he stands subsl.iniially sustain
l by the Chief Justice of the High CVuil
ol Krl'iis and Appeals (for whoso written
opinion I the n Id have applied but for his
ai-seuce from Jackson at tins momenlJihe
Cfianeallor of the Si.au, ett-Chlnetillut
(,'uoke. iiinl other learned jurists, 1 trust
lhat alter this clioeilu! saciilieu of Opidion
on my pari, under a grave sense of oVfiuial
duty, tlie dissaiislaeliou heretofore existing,
will at once cease.
1 have ihe honor to request lhat you in
sert the lollowiug communications address
ed to me by va.iious gentlemen, which
have bjou ml.-'iied Hi ubove. and oidijrt
Yout obedient servant,
A I 'I'll 11 N K Y 0 K M tt A I.' 0 1 1 I C K,
Jackson, A pnl (i, 1SJ3.
Boil. II. 8. Foott, (locernor, ax :
Sut 1 am in receipt of yom communi
cation of this luoiniiig. Volt have ex
pressed a wish fo q prompt answer and 1
.ii. ill Iheielore employ but lew words tocx
press an opinion long entertained and care
lully considered by me.
1. In answer lo year fust queslion I re
ply lhat "Ihe legal and proper mode of enn
ilucting the approaching CfllgreMiooal
eleclioiis,' is as loilous: To hold au elec
tion lor one iiieiiiber of Congress iu each
of thu Districts as marked out by ihe Aclol
1810', page 123, and to hold au election in
every county iii the Stale lor the fifth or ad
ditional member, as provided by the Act ot
lo(), page 120. The only mode of avoid
ing this resell is to show lhat lliu Acts ol
1846 and 1851), ure inconsistent or lepug
iiaui. ll so, iii what? 41as the Act ot
eve- been repealed'' It so, when and
wherel It cannot be repealed by a Con
gressional enact ntenti W hat Slate law
oonfliots with ii.' None as I can see. Is il
the Acl of 1850! Now the two Ants relate
to a kindred subject, our Congressional
Representation. The rule of law is uni-vei.-al,
' that il both Acts be ttie rely utiii
niative. and lie subslancu such llial both
may stand lugelhef, heie tho la iter does
not lupeal Ine loiuier. but they shall bolu
have a concurrent ellicaey.''' Under Ihis
rule, both ol Iheie laws rtuistonerate. We
weie enlilled lu lour nieinbeis, and under
ihe Acl ol 184H, we elected them by Dis
tricts lu 1850 Iho Legislature anticipa
ted au increase iu our Representation un
der the census of that year. IVhal provi
sion was made lor il! lu lhat event, the
Governor is to order "an elttetiun to be held
at Ihe next general election" lor such addi
tional number of Representatives as tins
Slate "shall be entitled to iu the said Coli
grt ss which saiil uilililional Jltpi esmlatin s
fkdU -v i iiUcd by the qitalfted voters of the
Slate at large under tue general ticket las
Mat.'' Does ihis conllict with the Acl ol
184(i in any way! It does not touch a lea
lure of it iu fact or in piinciple. Tuoy are
both allii inalive one as lu the mo le of
electing the old, Ihe oilier the new niein
beis. The substance of each is not repug
nant iu lacl lire hitler is bill a supplement
or addition, to the former, If you consider
the Act uf 1811) as repealed, under what
law will you elect lliu old members! There
must bo some legal authority for the elec
tion, Vuu cannot uleel under Ihe Act ol
1850. It uuly provides Cur iho election of
"such additional nepreseuuiivu." Con
strue belli laws together aud yuu have a
legal Warrattt lor the election uf all the
members to which Mississippi is by law
entitle. I iu the next Congress.
2. Answer to your second question : That
I QO'isjder it the duty of Ihe Kvecutive lo
order by proclamation uu election in the
mode desigu.ileil by the laws ol Ihe State.
3. I do out consider the Executive as in
vested with any discretion in the premises,
lie hrbptind iii his action lo consult the law
It is true he must judge for himself what
is the law, bul wneu Uiis i Jelei uiiued, he
acts in ubedieuce lo lev und net lit the
light ol his u.vu chiiicu or discielion.
1 havo the hononKe be,
itlost respectfully, your ob't serv'l,
1). C. GLENN,
Attorney Geneial.
Though I have hitherto been inclined to
think I he Acl of 18-16 inoperative since tlie
late apportionment acl, since 1 have seen
Ihe foregoing opinion 1 am salislieu it is
substantially correct.
To His Excellency, Gov. H S. Foole:
Sin lu answer lo your inquiries, lhave
lo say thai, when you consulted inysellainl
my associates on the Bench, touching the
tm.ue ol electing Keiu esenlatives
in Congress, 1 was ol opinion lhat the mode lion's he must be so completely bewildered
laid down in your proclamation; Was the lhat, if he has any wits left, li'u v min t be
line one. At your special solicitation 1 pnaily at a loss to discover who i. ihe man
nave again given Ihe subject a hiily exam ' r the parlicul.tr ollico iu question. A
motion; and, whilst I still retain ihe opifl- mottg .topic) thousamlrof offioes iu bin gin.
ion jormcily expressed, I inn compelled lo ihere will be such dire confu-ion that il
eoniess mat, in my judgement, Ihere is
i. oi much nmin i'oi ihnibi whether ihe Dis.,
Iriol system is or is not in force at the pies-;
.'lit time. II iu force at all, 1 am decide. Ily !
of opinion thai there is no law authorising !
ur providing for the eieelion of iho tilth
member, holding, as 7 do, that iho net of
1850 is uoloiigei opeialive. 1 have the lion-'
or lo be,
Your friend and obedient servant,
Hit Excellency, (l ie. It. S. Foott:
ClIANCKLI.CIl's Ot I'll K, )
Jackson. April , 1852. J
Sir I havo Ihe hunor uf staling, br it'll v.
my opinion iu regafd to the questions pio
pauniied in yom commanioation.
1 am ol opinion lhat tour of Ihe Iiepre
sentulives to Inch this Slate will be enli
lled, in ihe Congress of the United Slates,
should he elected under ihe provisions of
ihe act of 18-16. Tbe-addilioqal member lu
which Ihe Slalo is enlilled uudee iho late
appotlionmeul law, cannot be chosen muter
ihe Distrtcl system, for Ihe reason, thai ihe
aotol 1816 makes nodivisiou for ihe clee
i ion of such member; hence the only mode,
it any exists, oi electing snori Representa
tive, is by the voice of the whole peunle.
1 doubt not your authority, as Executive
ol ihe Slate, to issue a proclamation lor the
eieelion ol Kepresenlaliyes in Congress
and oilier ollicers. The made or manner of
such elOOtions must be regulated by ihe
law, which you have no power In settle,
though you may, in Ihe exercise of a sound
discielion, give your opinion of the law or
lis reasonable cousli ucliou.
Very tetpeClfttH)j
His Excellency Henry S. Footc;
tBAa Sin Vour lettat of to-day, is now
beloro me. 1 have looked into tho ques
tions submitted, bul hiiriie Ily. Prom the
examination aud reflection I have given
iho subjeci, ills, and has been, my opinion, ! will be irresistible when piesented lo the
lhat on tho failure ofthe Legislaiure to I inlelleclual head ul Ihe PostoffiCC Depart
district the Stale, so as to have live Kepru- j incut. Another is a member ol an iirffuen
sentatives elected un lerlhe lale apportion-! I ial chuicli,and can get upa story of lelig
iiieul ol Congress,' though the State laws on iou'S persecution, which must lull upon a
lha subject aie a gun.l deal contused, laken ; pious adirlinistraiion. .S'lill another relies
together, a ouiistruction that -should require , upon the joint promises uf a favorite son or
ihe election of four members by Districts, la head of a Deparlment, ami is a little sur
and one by ihe Slate ul large, would iu mv prised when be finds lhat the samo "suo;'
opinion best oontpart with l',u seemingly and ihe same "head ' have given stronger
expressed intention of lha Legislature, i recommendations to sume wholly unexpec
Tliis view results from the Consideration. ' lo I rival. Tlie lolteis ol ex-Presidents, ex
ihat the increased representation to which liuvernnis aud iu-Giiveriiors, Senators aud
(he Mule is untitled, und -r ihe apporiion- Secretaries have been so profusely deliv-
uieut, does not, in my opinion, abrogate Iho eied, Ihal nearly every applicant can pie
Slate law requiiiug ihe members of Con-; sent nearly ihe same list ol supforteis.
gross to be elected by lour Districts; inns. Of course, when Bntbese are overhauled
much as the law uf Ihe Stale fuither pro- for the final action uf a Cabinet Couuuil,
vi les,' lhat it shall be the ilnly of the Guv-, lli'i e aru fcouie tnnuy disolosur9S,aid "nine
i nor, to issue his rffoalaoii men for any ad- odd looks Cxohanged ('. -tweeu llio Presi
ditiooal inoinbei, to whicll Ihe Slum may dent, and his constitutional advisers. In
be enlilled uu lei any apportionment law of! the bewilderment resulting from all this, ii
CollgrCSS tee eieelion lo hu conducted ac
cording to the Slate election laws.
If, in Ihis view, I . tui wrong, and I am
by no means conclusive in my upiuiou, it
would seem tololhuv, trial if tho apportion'
mailt, by Congress, did havo the effect vii
mally io abrogate the Slale laws, by thi-ir
inappropiialeness lo the objects to be ul-
tallied, tho (Jeyatuorchobld issue his moot
lainatlbn for all ihe Representatives' 1,1 be
eleoted by the Stale at large. This net of
his discretion, but on his judgement, of i
what ihe legal rule was; and thus lake ao-1
lion from, considerations ol Executive duly.
Whether the one mode, or Iho oilier, tie I
adopted, as a practical qneilioil, 1 think il
of liitlu importafioe; lei lhat be as it may,
assuredly the fault, il any, is not with tlie
Executive, but with the Legislature.
Wilh giual reaped! your obedient snr'vl,
Stephen cocke.
Jacksun, April 6, 1853.
Hon. H. S. Foote, Gucci nor, fci!
Sin In reply lu your communication of
this dale, we aie ol opinion lhat the Act of
1846 is now iu luiee iu ihis Slate iu regard
lo Hits eieelion ol Ihe four members ol Con
gress, providcid lor in thai acl, ami that ll.ey
should, -Under said act, be elected by the
Districts as therein established Wo are
also of opinion, that ihe eieelion of '.he
liith member ul Congress, under ihe lale
apportioiimeut, can only lake place by the
general ticket System, as provided lor by
law previous lo the Act ol 1846. Parhapi
the Act of 1850 has expired by its own lim
itation, but if ihis be so. we nevertheless
think that the Acl of 1833 would perhaps
prevail so as authorize the eieelion of a
lillh member by the general ticket syslem.
At all events, nothing will be lost by this
course, since the election uf one iu that
mnde will be as valid as the eieelion ol live,
and we know uf no oilier mode umler Ihe
law in which laidsfiftb member can be
Very respectfully,
your ob'l soi'ts,
C. 11. CLIFlON.
I concur iu tlie opinion of the Attorney
Geneial. JiNO. D. KL.L10TT.
The ISattlc of the BpoltSii
The most graphic ami amusing BCOnunt
we have seen given of tho contest at Wash
inglon, lor the offices iu the gift of the
Piesideui and the Depaitmeuls, IS from Ihe
pen of the editor of the Philadelphia Eve.
niug Bulletin, who has recently been in
Ifie midst of Ihe make, and ipe'uulinlil Up
on the odd sights which he saw. He says
that neither Goth at Rome, the Turks at
Constantinople, nor ihe allied powers at
Paris, bad more cniuplele possession ol the
Capitol, than has ihe army of disinterested
ollico hunters at Washinglon. They crowd
Pennsylvania avenue, Ihey swarm around
the National ll-rtel and Willard's, they o
yerrun the Departments, and they keep
close gard around Iho white House. They
are billeted all oyer, town iu hotelsj bearoN
ing-houses, bar-i uoius, and buwling alleys.
They are a sleepless, anxious aiiny, and
yuu meet them at the Jbost unreasonable
hours, in the mutt unreasonable places,
pOUdtjriHg over their individnal chances,
and ready to waylay every passing p.edes.
Irian wilh an nr. ler lo "stand and delivci"
uilher his inltuenco or Ins opininn. A
iuaii's life is scarcely safe iu Washington
jim now. As for his liberty, that is surren
dered the moment ho puts lout on the pave
ment of llio avenue.
There is an average of twenty appli
cants for every office in ihe Government's
gift, now iu Washington. The twenty are
spies upon each olher. Each one pulls a
dozen or more wires and each wire is marie
0 operate galvanicallv upon a dozen or
more influential personages. Bv the time
,,. ', ,.si,lei,i has ,,i.sm v ill lha
would require & thousand clear heads lo
Settle a man for one office or an nffioe lor a
man. All I he time; thai the rival candi
dales aic watching nne another, ihey are
as bland as zephyrs in their intercourse.
Such as ecess uf amiability nun courtesy
ws have never witnessed. Ii extends unt
merely Iy those who have been old assuci
ales iu business or society, but it brings
high and low to iho one delightful level
that smooths away all difference of rank
and foitune. This patriotic hunt for office
Is in fact Ihe mist uemooratlC leveller that
has been discovered since the Declaration
pronounced a.'l men free and equal ihe
one indued rl at puis in practice the sub
lime theory
Iu the canvass for tho government gifts
you will see cx-Cuvi'nois ai in-in-a'riu wilh
i.v coi po:als iu the Mexican war; ex-Generals
taking wine wilh ex-messengors of a
bureau; ex-Ambassadors sleeping with as
piring ex porters of a department, ex-Cun-gressuieu
embracing ex-posluiaslers ot wes
lerfl towns; ex-Charges and ex cleiks ex
chang ing promises ot assistance to one an
other iu a wonl, a general reciprocity sys
tem ii adoptsa, illi a certain degree ol
condescension on all sides. Thej principle
sterns to be settled lhat ihe former posses
sion ot any ollicn is -a. title to tli9 gilt ol a
new and better one. Accoidingly. old
Postmasters want to bo collectors of ous-
t'lius, ohl OOTtectors want lo be foreign con
suls, and old Charges want to bo full min
isters, though conteni if necessary, lo put
up wilh their old berths.
The "papers" ol each applicant for an of
fice are inspected by every applicant fur
every other ollico, aud by Hie limo each
one Signs lor his Irien-ls, a must formidable
array of siuniiitres Is presented. Each man
j llalters himself that the President cannot
I resist such au overpowering appeal as be
j can present. One is fortified by the eu-
deraement ol the favors le sou of some greal
Stale, and thinks that such an endorsement
is not lo be wondered ai that some of the
Cabinet ollicers, driven to a fair lienzy,
rush to a determination that they will
miiko no changes ut all. As ho ihe Presi
dent himself, il he gels lately out ol the
Whirlpool that now sin rounds him. uud can
souls down to administrative duties without
having his brains completely turned ami
his health nltei Iy destroyed, we shall coll
giuluiatu bolh him ami ihVoouutry.
Mobile Rcgitttr.
Iraasfsal reader ai sinvtst
Attouni:v-Ukxkhal's Dfvice, 1
Jackson, 6'th-Aprit, 1853. )
Tn the Shsriffs oj the State:
I have recently received many oommu
nicationi from you in regai.l a transient
Vdudprs of slaves. You wish lo know what
is the Tax to be enforced agaiui them, I
now advise and inshuct yuu to assess
against and collect Irom ihem in all cases
where Ihey aie dealing iu iho sale ol slaves
as merchandize the same tax as U.'ue from
traustent vendors of merchandize general
ly. The act of 1850 was intended so to
lax them, and iloes so lax them, and they
are clearly liable. If ihey refuse lo pity
the lax levy uud sell and force them lo en
join yon. The Courts can then settle it.
I have no ilnubt what their decision will
be. A case is already in progress in Ad-
ums county, which will fully lest the ques
tion. In Ihe mean lime, the Slalo should
not bo deprived of largo anion u t of reve
nue by any nog lect un the part uf her ofli
B'eri. 1 am often referred to Ihe case of
James vs. Elder 1 Cushmau R. 135, as set
tling ihis point against the State. This is
an errnr. That case WSJ decided under the
law uf 1814. These proceedings are had
under the sixteenth section of ihe i,850, a
law passed specially to meet the case ol
these traders, and to supply the defects of
the Former laws as pointed out in James vs.
Y'nii will, therefore, in all cases, as here
tofore iush noted by Iho Auditor, and as ad
vised by private lellor (lu many of you)
from this oliice, proceed to assess, levy am!
collect Irom transient vendors uf slaves as
merchaii :ize, the same lax as is due fioiu
trauioient vendor ol merchandize general-
I am, very respectfully, yr.nr obedient
servant, , D. C.GLIiNN, Alt'y. Geo.
i-ctrnitig Biwe bitomics, ueni James
N, BettlUIIO) ol Colombo, nur leaders are
aware, recently established a paper by ihe
name of the C'oiiSKii Siuxn, llio main ob
ject of which is the open advocacy ol the
dissolution of Ihe Union. Tho General is
au honest, though wo think a misguided
mini. One Ih'iig i-s cciliiiu, he says whal
he thinks. Tne following paragraphs oan
not Inil to amuse as well el interest. He
"There was, twoor three years ago, in
this part ofthe coni i y, m party which called
itsell "The greal Southern Rights party,"
bul it is gone, and Wo now hear nothing ol
it having heard nothing ol il, we me left,
loiufer, thai these, Who composed it, having
become satisfied, ihey weie wrong, having
quielly slipped off; acting upon the old saw,
'ihe least said, tne soonest mended,"
''Our own opinion is that the greal major
ity of those, who were found in ils ranks,
ware there from a miilukt in calculations,
as to its popularity ami having found mil
theil mistake, they are no longer Somhern
Rights, but gonti Union Demricralio men.
who aie Willing to waive even Ihe right ol
secession. There is now at Ihe South a
'great Democratic party "as to the objec'.
oi thai we think we can inform our lUbsoi I
bcrsiua few words it is to fake to than
selves lclinteucr of the spoils, the people oj
Ihe North can spare, or are wilting to give
them to hold them on to ''this glorious Union'
r.--.-..-- . .. .... . T2TlWt
From (As A O. Dtita,)
tut: mtv yoim; km,
This animal is the smallest of all Ihe
race ol human puppies which inlesl socie
ty lo the gratification ol young holies made
after. the same diminutive pattern, uml to
ihe disgusl of all of ihe male sex who hon
or man! .1 or goorl se. se. Tho Fancy
Young Man is a thing of the tailor's and
the hair-dresser's, ins loftiest ambition ib
ing cnnl;nid enliiely l these aril which
serve to adorn his insignificant person.
lie cultivates Ihe outside of his bead so
studiously lhat ihe inside is an empty void.
Ideas, like men, are gregarious, and i; one
should, bv chance, euler that "Inue'y cell,"
il would wilhei and (lie from the SUB 'ef
fects of solitary cnnliueiueui. If Ihe Eancy
Young Man, should be struck wilh an idea,
we have po doubt it Would prove tatal.
Nu ass should be oded with more thar. ha
can carry, 'l ire Fancy Young Man is u
greal allender al bails, theatres, and ope
ras, and generally occupies the must con
ipi'OUOUl place he can select. Al ihe then
lie, he ahvin s contrives to come in about
lha middle of the Brit ad, and generally
at an interesting pan, lor by ibis means he
succeeds iu attracting an nltentioq till welh
droned head, fashionable coal, and k'ti
gloves would i.ol otherwise receive. His
enhance, into the box is always with a sort
of easy swagger a hard imitation of indif.
ference, as though he did not bare, althC a
close observer can see that he is uneasy
under the attention he has inviled, 11 two
of these gentry are together, they will talk
in a loud lone, much In ihe annoyance of
those whs wish to listen to Shakspearjrathar
than to (he puling, driveling ndthings df
youthi guiltless ofa thought, The Fancy
Young Man is not Complete without a quizzing-glass
lo his eye. When we read of
llio courtiers of Alexander ihe Croat carry
ing their heads as de because the monarch
was oongenjtally affected with a wry-neck
we laugh at their servility and wonder at
their weakness. A defect in the visual
organs lias become fashionable in high life;
ami now you can find lew perioni, male or
lemale, wilh auy pretentious iu upper
l.m, diii. w in aie urn su:-u :
hied. That
a physical defect should thui be assumed
as ii 'distinction, is quits as absurd as Iho
wry-neck la-hionol Alexanders court.
The Fancy Young Man Would pass mus
ter at ihe opera, if he only had discretion
enough lo conceal his ignorance of the art
heprofeiseatoadore. Ho generally cries
"bravo!"' in ihe wrong place, and invaria
bly misapplies ihe lew technical phrases
whicli have found lodging iu "tho vast
wilderness of his ignorance. We have of
ten thought that the manager would confer
a great benelil upon persons of this class if
he would establish a fugle-man upon iho
stage, iu order lo make a sign when the
applause should CO ttie in, and when it
should be piano and when forte. This
would save a great many tho tiouble of
The end of the Fancy foung Man is
generally a miserable old age. He has
laid up no stores of knowledge to relieve
him when the dark hCUt ol Ufa comes, and
Ids mind dwindles and withers from pure
STtl A :.(.!; MIBAGE,
The following Front the Kingston corres
pondent ol the Freeman's Journal wuuld
appear to be utmost sufficient to stagger
belief; yet well authenticated eases of the
kind have been frequently recorded:
On Wednesday uighl aboul ll 30, at an
elevation of about five hundred feet iu tlie
sky , a large Steamer was visible for about
five minutes iu au upright pusiliuii, steam
ing fur Ihe Squib, her WHs all set, and evi
deotly at full ipeed, The illusion was sc
complete, Ihal 1 could observe the main
sail napping-with the wind, The sky. in
the immediate locale, was clear, llio out
line ol this mi ial Steamer being in darkness,
I havejust heard that the American mail
steamer left Liverpool the day before, and
il is pollib'e that she was reflected.
This phenomenon, wo arc lord, was fro
quenlly witnessed by our aimy, when in
Mexico, and it is, not of nqfrequent occur
icirce on the deserts of Asia and Afiica.
When Barcn Humboldt was at Cumana,
lie Bays he frequetitl) saw the Islands of
Peouiiaand Buraolia appdrenily hanging
iu the air, and sometimes with inverted
images. During the maioh of the French
army ever Iho sandy plains of Egypt, it is
said many singular instances of mirage oc
curred, "The villages situated upon small
eminences were successively seen like so
many islands in tho midit of an extensive
lake, and beneath each village appeared
its inverted image; in the samo diicclion
an imago uf Ihe blue sky was Men, cloth
ing the sand wilh its own bright hues, and
causing ihe wilderness to appear like a
rich and luxuriant-country. So complete
was Ihe deception, ihal iho troops hastened
forward to relresh ihemselve amid those
oo'ol reheats; but us they advanced the il
lusion vanished, only to reappear at the vil
lages beyond.
The seemingly miraculous appearance
nf a red cross, al ihe height of two hundred
feet in the heavens, while the worshippers
In the parish of .Migue.in Fiance, were en
gaged iu the exercises of the Jubilee, was
clearly attributed lo th law of refraction
ol light. A huge rod cross hud been plan
led hy the side of Ihe cliuich, as a part of
the religion ceremony.
Frequent instances of mirage or looming
have alio occurred'on our own lakes, but
Hone so striking as we have recorded
ClevelaHil Dc m
Legal Binding of Ruiroad Subscriptions.
Tne Supreme Cnml ol iho Slab) ol New
Jferk has decided thai all subscriptions lo
ihe Capital sleek of Railroad companies are
binding. The Tmy and Boston Railroad
fiemnany brought suit agamst G. K.Tib
bus, fur ihe rOOVeryot an unpaid balance
ol a subscription ol (120.000, upon whicll
1,000 had been paid. Various technical
objections were raised as In Ihe binding of
ihe subsci iptinu, but the Court decided in
favor of ihe Company, mid ordered a ver
dict lor the plaiutifl for 418,500, ami inter
est frOW Ihe lime ihe cads were made.
While Hair Dye wanted at Washington.
The old logics are in ihe asoendani al Wash
inglon. White beards ami bald heads have
il all l leir own way. A lull head ofhair
black, brown or te i i said lo be consider
fit prima facie evidence ol llio incapuciiy
of ihe person for a hit office. He is toe
young. Therefore iho candidates of Young
America are ve ; d irou of obtaining a
while hair dye, which will change, ovet
night, ihe most raven black locks lo a hue
as while us llio driven snow; or
"LeavC HO hair on Ihe lop of hi? head
Tun placu where the Wool ought grow."
Powder and poraalam won'i do for the ap.
pureeing )ior u.uio:r. i oiiug America
wauls a wlnle ban ily Apply al all thu
hotels at Washington. .V. )'. Jl oold,

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