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tie American Cifeen.
W E E THB CASH OF JOHN W. LAMBDTH K I . Y Jons Eililor i F. ml II O S W O I! T II , ViittlUhcr. CANTON. MISS. SAT-TtflAY, "-' OCT. 8, tW LETTBR OF JDDGB SHAHKBY We hare tho pleasure of present ing to oiir readers to-day, a letter from the lion. Wm. L. Shai?kt:y. ad dressed to tho editor of the Missis sippi liulex: We have read it with great care, and iiud it a very masterly review of the whole subject of Recon struction. Judge Sharkev knocks LETTBR FROM NBW ORLEANS. Cirv HoiiL, Nst Om.ia.ie, Oct. 2, 1BG7. Editor of the Cili::n : lu rending your is sue of the 38lh lit., 1 perceive vou do not forget ue altogether in tbo city, and hence I feel eucuuraged to seud you a word or two I it lor no uiuiT reason ir.au to txj'iess our fullr and correctly stated, we propose to ' acknowledgments of vour courttar. I write sire the nublic the full and true hiitorv of I how",,r wilh """' 'hail ordiuurv sadness. The outrage perpetrated upon this gentle- , man by a Federal officer has heretofore ap peared in the newspapers of this place, but j aa the circumstances have never vet been LET TEH r I lit J bevond the legislative powtr gianted I with that of Massacbnset ts or "y 1 I y it. The government can ttfce uo other Northern State. A J" J i ... "A .1.. o.i. ,ha itm.. nftlie, enures committed in 1 Au tth llr.irw ili, ftafronatlHCllou I.;iwm or fl 'rngr on II .1 iM f nrnftl au Klmjaeiit Prot('.(titnje lae.r Rntifl-i-alioli hi the I'm' ol .Tatsr'i----;-e- vr. n Worth; the nialter, upon the best authority. Wi will be as brief as the circumetauces and justice to Mr. t.mbutb will permit n the beginning of the year. Mr. Lambuth coutracted with a negro man bv the name of Isaac to work on his farm was to give him and ethers a portion of the crop, furnishing all necessary farming implements, teams mid provisions, Isaac stipulating on his part to work faithlully and iudastiiously, peiform ing the full labor of a hand in the field. Isaac bad n wife and children it wae. there fore, further stipulated that the wifa should cook for Mr. I.. 'a fannlv, and do such other ! under I stibj DOt but ! ceivefl th Congiwsional plan, lho pat importance, g the present) nd it has re- nont rtellerate and ira- ject is one of gie only as it retail the future a ran, i partial reflection thai I was able to bestow ii (son It. Fi'hilst every prop from Ullder the advocateaprork about the home ns couka in the coui of that measure, and establishes the j ,r-r eseally do. A sou of Isaac's, erbo was ; au.se of its opponent a apoa a basis ! larKe ",0""h t0 do 80' WHS 10 ffed ' 9,iKii fl,-,.. iw, , . , .. These were the stipulations. aa Arm as the " everlasting lulls." , j . j , . . ue Myj uui hui;0u us 10 lue precise unit rtbeie are some of honestly differ wi'hino. vet I have sufficient eontidenctlu the correct I ness of my position ud the correct. nesa of the reasons di which it was taken, to be unite wfliug to submit l at ruction, shows their unconstitu tionality in the 'most convincing , manner points oat their odious and oppeaaive features, and demonstrates conclusively that for die South to ac eepl and endorse them, is to a tab herself to the heart, an. I declares that the acceptance by the South and enforcement by Die Norfh of these j military bills ulil destroy the laal vestige of liberty in this country. i Wherever this teller it rend it can-: not fail to .exercise a beneficial in fluence for the cause he advocafea whether in the North or South, an., men disposed to desoond will take courage, since they And that one who has always illustrated Lis devotion to " th I'niun '.-.icier the Constitu tion." is I tali battling nobiy :oi "the Truth ami thelfight." Towards the conclusion of the let tf Judge Sharkey speaks as fol aws 'Shall we yield out ai nuiescenee. our approvalol these great and glar ing inr:o a ions on the Constitution by voting for a Convention .' If any truth ia settled beyond a doubt, it is that tin. people, the bo area of power, should resist by all peaoaable meana Ui their power, "very encroachment on their infartme will, expressed by the Coneitation, however alight the . instance or plausible the pretext; this ia their only eeenrity, The innovation . oi to ca.v , n cetera tail, nea rues a pre cedent for to-morrow; what to day is fact, to-mono v is doctrine, and if the precedent dees not exactly suit, analogy will n-.pply the defect " and so we go on (Yon, one iui. ovation e anothai until the whole oaWrter of our liberties' is gwent into the ter lible vortex of peliueal ambition. These rcmerka arejuat aa applicable to the Northern a.s ' the Southern people. All may .est assured that if their Cooatitatlou has not already been destroyed, it needa but their appr oTftl of these extreme meaaurM to complete the deeecration." 1 duty, but, annr ereln.f.'W.iLyAcajt. to show these dispesitiona had reached auch a point I that Mr. I.amhuth tald Isaac that neither (himself, wife or son, had worked up to the contract that he idled away his time, work ed less hours than h- ought, and was nejle ct lag the crop ; that his wife did not do the cooking, etc., properly, and lue boy had neg lected or refused to feed the atock Satvllfng bim at the snuie time, that if he did not amend in- ona week's time, he should dis charge them r.il. On hearing this, Isaac, in stead of prem,s:ng to do better, was utaoaaU, and aaid Le wou!d not go away, etc. Mr Lumbuih named him that he should work more faitl'f'jlly or leave the place. The artat passed, and Naac aud his family The tVvcr. i.a vou nrt aware, has maile us all but desolate. Many a broken family and aching heart bewail its ravages. Manv ot our worthiest nod best have been stricken : and old friends, near and dear, huve yielded to its- iueieral.le summons. The dark dr. l and mourning veils are as laaaitllr to us now us when, in other days, ihey followed the breath of ihe battle fever. But we look for ward hopefully to its speedy abatemene The first cool daya in N'OTcmbrr trill, ia nil prob ability, give ua a relief. But even tho prsnee of this scourge does not divoce us from questions of political in terest. We have ad an election and it pass ed ofTquietly so silently, indeed, tliut many o: Ihe recently enfranchise J -ise the privilege so Pilelv accorded th Not more than one halt nf thoae registered availed tbmneMf "fiheir great prerogative Not unifies K.ie I:..-1. ne nrait.A"weI, vt. convention, ''ana will not bewotnforied be cause it is not.'' Let us mourn wi:h Uiem, that their burden be m ide light. They shojld bo comforted with the ri flection thai " The neat l.iid sc!ie:ncs or ru:.-e and mon (lang alt up ee." Outside of these prominent features of our city life, there is little of interest. The regis ter of 'he 1 City" shows now and 'hen an ad ditional arrivil, but us yet there is little travel and but few guests. When it once begins, bowe'er, we trust to trckume our I ".V body which ought nevf old frien Jsjagnin. Youra truely, FROM VBRNOR W. L ftp AT-nir iiwirt)ovr to lUO MOUtu inau iu-uub 1 ., :.l . i l.!l.. tegsas. Away, men, nu i" cv of Northern and Southern extre mists, who, Btrangely enough, have uuited on a common theory again they are aiding each other as in days You have kind communicated te j Haying, then, disposed of this tne the united vih of voursclf and ! f.ueation -I hope aatisfactorily I other citizens of nur vicinity, that 1 1 proceed to discuss the subject should address tHpHbtli through the j ef0re me, regarding, of course, the press on the subjd of reonUetruetJon state of Mississippi as a State of the Union under the Constitution. As such, should her people ratify, ap- : . ..e ii .mill. rtr IV 111 V BOI Ul LUUlIBi Mgtoii, q., Editor of the (Co lumbus) Mlssisipppdex ' ina oni.T " . , f (.u. ui..!..ii since the close ot- the w rbeeuVpatefl by indi viduals of that favored class ot popu h on wbich has been the especial object of Congressional solicitude. That many murders, rapes, burgla ries crimes, etc., have been commit ,ef', ti,0 hlaeks is lamentably true, and it is equally true that they were long exclusively to the leg.s ijitures of the States, au! xiafititute tho es sential attribute of b State Th proposition is monatroua that co,. greas has the controlling power ove the internal affaire of a State, an yet their acts go to the full extent t usurping that power. To makettH alegarditv the Aore glaring loot at thTcoud'itiou of Virginia, Georgia, North and South Carolinaj they were fone nf t.h original thirteen tha. created the government, reserved the hrrtve inoly acquiesce in the military recon si ruction acts? For myself, 1 au- i know ... . or citizens woo fewer most emphatically in the nega tive. By doing so we gam nothing : ..iI!m .ill in tlip in '.lie neseiii, jootJij future. To arrive at a correct solu tion of tho question propounded, the general scope and purposes or the acts must be understood, and these Dr. to be "atheid from the language (bi got to er- them to the test of pl' lit; scrutiny. inlployed and the evils or necessities Hint 1 am m lave ot a just nuo j , , .ova rise to the enactments, it honorable restt.raf ioi of the Union j pU)!1 t0 ),e clear, beyond reasoua- ! aa it was Ji.imerly, p,m' w in tionui. ; i, ,oni,t, tliat by theae enaetmems (who know enythij ot my autece- j OJie 0f lwo objects must have been people of ihe S'ute, througii-vrA-'a.-1 ;.. yiaw: either' they were intended given mem iy the I'resideut ; and, ; . ., ,.' ' r,;y( v nerrnaucnt- iBwiium n ...... miu ii- ;.' . . 'n,a instigated o con, r elective fran crimes by the mmm -" , ,-.: " ' pnmtTtA all of their in indulgence bestowct , uo. ; "fcr? now told by 1 rtVTllJI'I Jill aunivmi . . - . . TT .. xt ZA mt, pvnect an abatement the commission of cume ao hg the same causes exist. Still, our .mvenmneut and laws, when penmt- tol-. their course, are abunu nnrti'nea tha t.iiintr t.harv create': are supreme over your State govern meuts, we will reguiaie uie en franchise for you, take entire co: adequate for our protection, j of your domestic affaire and pi. antly auequ , military governor over you. Tl tli niiuclinn kaAn naHiuiUAil I.. be very doleient-: should havei"'6 fovernuieiit-s, as well as the had a state ot harmony we need or.C ue" of l nltf , gtntf., never expect to attai..: Tho plan ,,ml ' W consolidated gov adopted, however, did not suit the "n n e,nt th? , , n' ' radical parly. Our members were " l'Wponle.'atd i would be diffl first excluded from their .eats, and ! ' ! i . Lt eftect they will accoin then what are known as the mili- l'''3, ' 'put m JklC- eiui ojciittiou, huu tncj t:H.i ontplish nothing elso. And wlien tary reoouatructiee bilU were passed j to have I aj FUTURE W1VBS. tnitaaa of Laving done be.ier, had done r,r lbe knmkan citile worse, jl r. I., muu'b. therefore, true to his I word, told the necro that he must take his ) family 'who occupied the best bouse on the! I am SUJ prised, Mr Editor. placeeseept tbe family mansion) and leave. 1 1 Isaac replied that "I e ahould not do so at least until ba weot to Canton and seen about it." Mr. L. warned him that he laMul vacafe the b use, whereupon lbe negro let't tbe premises, disregarding tbe order of Mr. h. altogether. Daring Isaac's al sence. Mr L. told his (Ia) wife that she mnst var.te the house, but she positively refuaed to do j so. whereupon Jtr. t, himself proceeded to ' put their effects eut of the tenement. WLilst : fj et.gnged, a white m;in rode up ne:ora; a uied by isaac and two other negro two, and at your article. rdereii Isaac to put his things buck in to house. Mr. L. demanded to know what righ c bad to meddle iu tbe affair, and learnei that tbe gentiemnn was no teas a Mrionffgi '.an Major Summer, a Federal officer a lackson. Mr, L., however, s'ill demurred stating wnv ue bad put them out. and If he been recoguizcd as the Ciingrcss of p. the t niteu tit at us. It is uot surprising that a portion of a people impoverished, depressed, bearing nil the burthens of govern ment, nut tleptivcdot all its bless ings, and even of equality under it, should have at first manifested a willingness to acquiesce in any meas urea which seemed to hold out even a delusive hope of relief. When they shall have had ample time and opportunity to rcllect, 1 ask litem to pause ami consider what may be tho effect of carrying out their hastily expressed opinions, and then to adopt that course which their deliberate judgment may dictate. In discussing this question, it is necessary in the outset to correct a fallacy which lias been urged bv men so act that certain events must follow their action, they are justly chargeable with desiring such re sults. To these unholy purposes, then, the people of Mississippi are invited to give their sanction and their aid ; indeed, they are command Our' criminal laws have been made more rigorous to sun emeis"; we have the same system ol civil laws under which we had lived long in the Union, and our laws, both cml and criminal, were faithfully admin istered by sucn omcers ua no ways had. Indeed, there is no com plaint that tho laws were uot well ad ministered; the complaint is, that the government was not "legal" and level by which it is to be understood that a government was wanted which o. .-ia i loyal to the party, since it ! Constitution in auvinflict with the After reading such a preaii.ui . would naturally be supposed that the body of" the act contained pro visions looking to the more "adequate protection for life or property,"' but arc any such provisions to bo found there? not at all, on the contrary the subject ir, never alluded to; what protection we had by our laws was taken from us ; then tbe preamble ; was a inert) laise pieieuse ; our pro tection was connucd to the tender mercies of a military despotism. The ten Southern States were made to o.uprise five military districts, each eraiu tuns I3r" The New V, ii: Ih discoursed! s On we march ! Tbe negro cloud till hangs Open our political horizon and threatens the nation. I he Radi cals dagesud. from greet legislation to the petty passions of party politics, and are bent upon absorbing, in one controlling idea, the whole force" of the government, Fortunate ry, -the executive power conies t" the rescue ami Stands between Congress and the national suicide they would com mit. But ho v hasHis Preai lent " com to the rescue '" ? He rtmoves obnoi ions district commanders, but fails to resi ,nd the object icma'nli' and tyran B'"a! (hteri whtch wore the great subject of complaint. What good does it do to kill the snake, if yon leave its venom to do its deadly work I Agnin, the 1'iesidfiit issues i Amnesty Proclamation, which, in effect, enfranchise- thousands of dis franchised ' rebels," and yet he fails to mine the (attract ion i Moeasary to make it operative. He is develonii," dariug tu publish "Justice's Do you know, Sir, who cat lies the purse, who subscribes to newspapers, and who pays for them ? BM " a word to the wiso." WUI regard to " Justice," we ad vise him to be silent in the future, or we shall have the women so self-conceited that we shall not be able to manage them. If " knowledge is raurr." tin. females cot a danMaoua atasH nf au during the war. for, whilst the bors ;,,,me "'!'' m finc to the espied , , , .' idea of tho right ol nccessiou, mas- were fighting, the girls were going ,,., l!if v I)ro:es8 to fmd in it a to School, and we are not " looting sort of a juatiflcation of their former at our win; e ii.iuds," ijut striv in" hard Course. And tins false theory maj to catch up with them. Some young . ii r .a mj ,i uounie i in; statements, tie could 1 sc" " e in i l ioi ua n i tie tugnr ll j , -fu- ..:tu .. . I i.!,t!..i. . .it puma a u'-'gnuura, anu HamiiM imij.u,; (uiuuirusj alter woraing a right to ,Fwiimii, i.ierepiyoi tun ami IMeTU all ia . JSotie in this South Sea, AM k. .iread, had tU. testimony of hut W0l)eu ',... atford to be idle' t.ojna totb. .w, .-!m1nmar.fthB , .to men who accomr.aried him ) and liecoo- , . ioi vtinj.ii artj are penormmg nercu lean labors, do not reward its men With a Stuile, bni reserve all tbetr blandishments for one idle daudy ( there is hut one in the town), who wears kids and forces his feet into hoots that are so small, that he is obliged to employ a corn doctor bv the year. j ty instances tbe several departments u Ti B, , I ,, i ,. , I "f federal government. KxeciUive, if '1,. ..-I. 01 Iv v i-'i . on He i i . i i i- , , , Legislatrre and Judicial, bare reoog- clasp of hands hard, a;.d rirong.- nleed the Sontha.i'n Slates aa hmvina T-i t , . , , . . . I . " Z . " i ooi, oenigniei, namDOOXIed "Jus tice." there is no end to what they ask. nay, even demand, through such 0U th -pieces as "Justice." Read what one such mouth piece says: "Law should protect the weak from the injustice ol the strong: we ptmish ;' bey who teals a bird from her nest) but the law thrusts a woman from a home and little ones. edtodo so, under the penalty of i Z-. L the high displeasure of the Radicals, I '"" i"-"'J "o.-... with the threat of more harsh meas - ! 1y a;lJ,,r,)!t,:'r n!,d i , ia 1 1 ii 1 1 ai jviny oi c.nttiaini, who ures if they do not. Let us see, then, whether the acts do not prove the object to have been what 1 have stat ed, which is madestill more apparent when considered with (ho aid of lho lights furnished by the action of the dominant party under them, in send ing eniisiaries to drill aud coerce the negro in his vote. The original act starts eut with a preamble in these words: "Where as, no legal State governments 6r ad equate protection for life .or property now exists in the States of Virginia, North Carolina. South Carolina, -idered ll.nr I'atec'.ent aufficimt. agaia or. dering Isaac to replace bis efTe'-t, in the l.onee. saving to bim, at tbe same time, that ha bad as n:uch .rijbt to that bouse, or any otbal house on the place, as Mr. Lambuth, uatil 'be end Sf ihe year, at which time he 'iioiild be paid, Mr L . however, aa Srm- ndsaid the things ahou'.d n;.' be replacd. The Federal officer tlin attempted t builv Mr, L .by demanding ''ihc mtrndtdtc tulmi: at the same Hon running bia hand behind ..ia under his coat, aa it to draw a pistol. This effort to iniimdate failed, however, and lh tTecis were not put back. This iajai .Sumner then ordered Mr. Lambulh to aa impany hiaa to Jackson, in the most per emptorjf an'nnfr, desiring to know ij he muld ft utertblft" or Worll to that effect, j .Mr. I, , being ptrfc t'y willing to have the' matter inveetiga-td before any tribunal, re. i p'ied that tie would go, and did accompany I i.i-e Mi.jor to Jack-on. lie waa kept there an j rntira day, and no inve,tiga'.ion waa liaJ. . nhen its was perm, tied to return home, upon j have had a very extended influence. 1 isiaua I It has been said in some of the pub nd elsewhere, that we hud i i ("Ac, we mil secede am! become a neparate .,,,,( foreign na tion, anil being coitriuovcd. we are him ad to sub mil to whatever terms ttie Co- ,"!.: i m" think proper to impose on us. The trn tl. of the premi ses, trj-witt that we had a right to seeed", we did sect-ile aud become R foreign nation, bus never been ad mitted save by a fev very extreme radicals at the North who have redrgto, Mississippi, Alabama, tou- Florid. IVxas and Arkunsas aud whereas it is necessary that peace and good order should be en forced In said Slates until loyal and republican State governments can be legally established, therefore, be it enacted,"' &'. A preamble is usual- i v employer! to daeaJeaja tho vaaaaua land purposes of the act, and ought to he a key to ihe legislative will ; i but this is founded in false assump tion and abounds in dangerous sig i nitlca nee j the pi o isions of I prove it to io adopted this theory to justify their 1 'husk to conceal the deformities of ep,.ess:ve and ii'ici'in-tiiutional acts. 1 "'f '-'migressional monster. In the On th contrary, in more than twen-: arst place, it was not true that no le gal htate government existed in the State of Mississippi. It is a cardi nal principle in our American system that the right to establish govern ment rests with tb people; it must emanate from their authority. In deed, this is a universal principle, theoretically acknowledged even in monarchies, and perverted only by the fiction of the divine right of kings, a fiction which Congress has practically employed as applicable to itself. ' iftvided the kingdom into military districts (four I believe) with a gen eral in command of eajh district. The act proceeds to decbre (hat it shall b's tbo duty of the commanding generals '' to protect all persons in their rights of property, to suppress insurrections, disorder aud violence, and to punish or cause to be punish ed, all disturbers of the peace and criminals." Mow, mark the broad ex tent of Ibis language; the military officer was to do all this without law, without courts, except miliUtiy courts, without jury; no lttle to oiiide him but bis own will. And what littlo power was wanting to make his will absolutely supreme has been given him by the recent act HI' the called session. Aud this is the protection I" life and properly so pompously foreshadowed by (he pie- ! amble. If it he protection to the rIglltS 111' iicisim ,,iul iirniicilT lot military coventor over you. a striking picture, but it is a tru Suppose such a proposition been submitted to the patriotic who formed the constitution ; iinvhodv suppose we should had a Union ? It would have scoffed at, and are their sons fallen, so degraded, as to g assent,their countenance, tl batiou, to such a rule of go If so, let them forever d scent from tbe founders public Another section of contains an exteudei. . conditions oh the perforn ,r.-.. .... "f S nil b I representation, wmcu may . stated, thus: " I, teBeH " of the State shall have ' stitution iu conformity frit' tl -stitution of the United State. ., : framed by a Convention sleotep I all the male oits'zeus without 1 ... to color ; 2, such constitution secure to the treedmen the rn :,: Suffrage; 3, such consiitotioe must be ratified by a uuvloiuy of th who vote on the question ai ratifies tion ; 4, such censtitutio:. r; submitted to aud approved by .' gress; 8, the Legislature of theStc must adopt the Constitution tl amc ment proposed by the th i i Congress as the 14th article, gn said amendment must have becoj a part of the Constitution o I Cdited States, then the Stale . be entitled to representatio one of these conditions has Co a right to demand of the Stat, they are wholly out of the rani Congressional power. Xow ti vot fore Ci'H.venffon under this provision is lo admU, in tho most solemn m .. uer, that Congress had a right I impose these conditions. An I v;l 1 somneh solicitude to invest ;,. uegj with the right of suffrage, so : tiuctly marked throughout these itcp1 aw to leave no doubt that ti.is jrit; ihtir paramount object. Was that he should exercise that .. . freely and without restraint? the efforts of parficao emiesaVries se from the North through tho Son , lo tell the negroes how thy n n. rota to thrwuteu theiii, lnhiilnllr by the. heartless, wicked T)C9M inr act nt a .neie liretence; a , r.it,l o, ...flfi.lo,-;, ,. ,,: ,;.' eninitv. or in a win- that ari-ll r - . -. i . .. . to arrest to dispense with the sacred 'innate t lie one or the other giving hia band Ibat jackiaa i; ,ne week. He di i an return .,t akaU u..i .i... ' "wnvvmawa oviu.e i no lllllf otIPS gaia wit.icv. having any inveatigaiion. be ai0 pve Hed-ed " res hnr.ied off to Vnkjliurg. and immedi- . A "., ' attlf to rrijon. i:hr,ni ..... ...,...,.. , Afin : ' 11 our ( on gress had an be would return to ( permits her mate to break up always been in the Union; V.'ewere confi:i ;-ed, tli'Mi, ns a part of the Union, and net sea foreign nation; that question Was settled by ihe war. But suppose it were true that we had a right to secede, did secede, and become a separate nation, the conclusion attempted to be drawn thai we are bo and lo submit to such terms as Ihe conijueiois may think propel te impofce on us, is most fatal ly erroneous. Such a theory had au exist end in Jaeihiik and barbarous ages of ihe-wiwl, tbeji the conquer or claimed the right to enslave or kill ihe captives at. pleasure, but it has hi en exploded anionic civilized place tneni at uie iiiseieiion ol one man to dispense with the prineiole 'that they shall have the lands o that no man shall lie deprived of life, : former masters if they wjll voter: 1 liberty or property but by due course I ud 10 inculcate a hostility be law to dispense with warrant ,' !"" .races mat is to end in p- right of trial bv jury to deny the I Iu. radical patty La the worst er . privilege of the htihnu corpus, lhen' the negro, as well as of thi . wc have it, and civil government is eminent. a mere mockery. Either history is j A few words will suffice as v lalse, or a military covernment is the supplementary act. it aeeu. most tyrnnic.il, tbe most oppressive, and the most insecure for life or prop ertyof any Other, excepting only the despotisms of an assembly of tyrants. The man uiu.st be deluded, indeed, who can believe that protection or good order was any part of (he ob ject of these acts. What, then, were the objects? I repeat, party s! length, destruction of the covernment. It entire control of elections ' States, and the right to aiipoin ; officers whonre to hold them, w' citizens of the State or not. . complete the work of subjii the act of the July session gress gives the registers of solute authority to excliuh son from exercising the r irage, tnus sweeping Cuutiui.ed next i The New Toik Tli where ba remained about lea daya, in a little j f'rlna' number ol females and males, nations for many centuries ; ami he In J8tw the people of Mississippi is plainly lo be implied from the vestige. of liberty t he pi naiseunnen in nmuinn nonvt- iiuon anil .language of the preamble, that remodeled their Constitution so as Congress claimed a supremacy over to restore the relations of the State j the State governments, but this witn tne l eaeral t.overnment. the claim is undisguiaedlv set forth in Washinoton, Gel amended Constitution bring far more the sixth section which declares that j York Times, ot k publican than that of llt, which -anv civil govcinment which may "That tbe public mil nauinv nf tui-gitea n agist-in any oi tue eaitl States, shall uisgusteii wii Lneexti roar bj seveu f,t. mhk asikin ,., r. , Cghtinc Would he as amaJ a rliaa i;.on but ti,e rough, unplanad floor, laffar i legislative halls as in thlllclies ' " Re ttt can he iaiaj.r.J The latler one their m aucu a p.ace. e.nally, he aucreaded alilaui a t...te . .-- ..i . p... n v , l ho (taaataw witii Mr. Si..... ,'f i.,..'.,' ', aml "'e't 'O."' share and interest in Ifr. L a brother-in-law. who hv i, ,' , i'1"" bad heard of tbe mailer., immediate' aa iniihi i.e ua. d ureseed or nuserablv defi .ei.: in iuformatioi) who Drees better social condition to the presence of ladies, such a espccia republican m form when the State was admitted Lite the Union. Un der tho Cnnstitution of 18.I5 all the r, ; hi neltCT very sloT'.v lllin c fl... y ' - - . . - ' , . ' -Lambulh waa '..iMai,i laaaaruL-uuoa, air. MlinsiUl WASHINGTON Tie Somtng Trial of Mr JofferssQ Davis. Urd, who raid h' had ni-r htard a yn J the WaaMfaVaa f The reanlt waa, tha' at nor. released. a:,d re- oi-ned home, after being 'hua barraased. per rtculed, run to aipenae. and l-.aingmore than ten daya time from bis farm, at a period '- gteatly neded hia perionnl atteo and all for what ( Siron'v hu rlara a famiir of life can man be refined and harim Dined without the influence, and as sociation of woman." Cupid, we reckon" has shot many arrows into the eyes of a man who writes thus. Heaven deleml u i b-raujo he 1'iom tha lilra ).l i. I, ..,. w . - . .... . .. . ASiiixo, Oct. ' Hi. J.voih one n " Msaea Stasllj ,;f r of the counsel 'or Mr. .Ifff l:,vii . ti who rafaaei to work . h Ci oched at the oak's root" is turned yesteidav from Cana.Ia ' Jt inaiated n,,nn batog fed of Jlr. f.aai. to ije t!i3 good oidtr and decency of those ' el1 reatoied, is simply this: tho engaged therein. In no depai tgen nt of "OVl1 nl"ut , "f ' "0iiqnror super-i,r- ,.o i. ..a.j . I cedes ami takes the place of the gov- doctrine ;it' the present day, ! State officers were elected and the ly as applr..abl overnment. The co peiu. air. lit i OllQUt .(, aft he deemed provisional only, and in of many pi Bett i all respects subject to the paramount . party, we e ..ule.vimj'j authority of the United States, atdeut detefmii tffon ' sor any time to abolish, modify, control i them not oni. to setttie t ... n i.uiuU'.-i... pvToeiieaiame I'm. in vunipiei; or supcrseae tne same." There is scipter.ee ot operation ; t ne Mute was recognized i no mistaking this language; it peace has, as such by all tha departments of amouuts simply to au assertion that Bot-ruuicai, auu een oj i ongress i Congress is supreme, and can abol itself, by the appointment of the va- i ish, control, modify or supersede the a orl(ers lo Htate, i State governments at pleasure, for it :.en I lion j would not bni h'd atore house " I me at lata has r 'f.,s mm whither he bad gone to consult his distinguished client on matters on necteJ with his impending trial. Mr. Lyons represents that Itr. Davis is anxious for trial. The line of le fence, it is understood, will be to ad mit the facts, but deny the trr.fiK,,,,. Senator Hunter, of Virginia, is here, and has had several interviews with tbe Treaident Mr. Hunter lias made application for pardon. In respects to affairs in Virginia, Mr. Hunter reports that there are good prospecte of an amicable agree ment between the whites and in; aTiocs, by which the fuimer will Ie!t in control of the State, wlr' . tr, ' .. " rape, areaaea ea the latter will be conceded all Feder- ?! Sart.y," maT atmt aM hour al offices. It is no part of the ,lCree-1 "pn" lbe s"fr ' Kai "ff aaam ent that the convention shall be lr'cl" ' wonl(! k! "p. " ht e. Voted down. ' b"' "T,T Tf rf 1aaaS, great or I aaaall, who did not. aoener or later, receiee A diatnrl.1 teaWVialaWafaf- Sam" Let those minion nf "If that croes eyed lady in the aide i'e. with red ban aad'hlut, bounet don't stop talking, 1 nui awini her oat the congregation." oeen made we katieee. umner thn be was nii.lad or mifinformed, nr aomeihing of tbat aort Mat the bistorjr nf lbe caae, aa wa have relat ed it, and aa we had it from th" lipa nf i Kan t;eoi.a of eeracnj-, abowa Ibat Snmner ia raayeailfi for Iktj great ojtrage epon tbe r.ghia of preajtrtf and peraon of a good ciii 7tn and upright man, and tbongb be maj nol l ava to anawer rat it before an? tribunal here, be rnnat repent of it in aacltelolh and aabe, or .nawer for it hertafitr. Retribntioa IS often aiew. but n ia ajalg aa that there ia a j lat Cod in heaven. Theae mliitarv liticul lights, 't his has been a rule ' of the public law ever since the Ro ' man empire began to extend its do !miniorisi hv enpioinet As it rmu.) found. Say. ralher. oiieli.'P of this t-lf the emmiieini- mounted on, the tiptop. He one has no moie power over the con can divine n here her intiated hoop quered people than the laws of his will carry her to. ne.tt. "Stop her awernmont may give This being wh i oan " ' ""' ' ' l"!'t' nl'r " regard to arbi- rrar or iiii.'initii ci'vernmenis, now ei ui ienl uf the i ouauercd, except so and. indeed, by ihe acts under con far as the conquering power may ' siih-raii-ui. Tho State government permit the laws of the conquered had originated from tbe proper powe. to prevail, which is usually som e, ihe people, who were only all 'ed as to mera rights of property, aided by tbe President in restoring biit nevei as reffards ttersortal or no- their proper relations with the cov- eriiiiieui, inai ueing an mat was ueec isary. The Constitution declares that ' The United States shall guar antee to each State a republican form of government," in the Union, of com so; that is, aid the people in es tablishing tsr.rh government. It does not say the l'resident shall do this, or that CoMgees shall do it; just such power, then, exercised bv either ..i "aojas ioes tne leaitei stanil with regard 1 aeparrment. as may lie necessary, o the gover;iraent- of the I'nited - b iter to the Omaha fferatdffon Btacem I It is a limited constitution al gov, rninei.t. ami in that character, and in thai onlv. it siipe-rceded the ' govai W 'ii"iii refttiet '.nfederale States; ' ran Oueinlv ("no ciHisliliition of the United Btates became the supreme 'rule aaT govern ment over the South, eveu it" ir was a separate nationality ; and of course when it was establish ed there, it wa established, not iu part, but a-, a whole, with all its RganSeMelaaa lbs tha protection of life, liberty and proja i ty. and every per son in the rSoutlifrii States is onti tied to full protei i uai under if. F.i a higher law who ere bow opprea;r.ir nd for home Stealing t.vrannifing over 'be brave and ebivalroa. 1 but oow b.lpleee, people of tbe South, member "th vorm that wrrer diet tend th tkmt is nttt iptenehe't " , .. ... . e .. - on.,, ruj in - .iiiiesnurg on vheels," says Mint one day Nssewtly they had two street firrht. hung a iiian, rode three men Ml ol town ea a rail, got up a tpiarlar race, a lur k",v shootinc. a gand'-r pulling, n inateldog ficht, had preaching by n circus rider, who alters arda "ran a loot race for an applejack all round, and. as if that w not enough, the the .judge .f tbe court, after tooeJac his feea at single handed poker, and whipping a fellow for saving he did uot understand the game, went out and heljied to lynch his graudl'al her will ac,-,,,,,!,,!,!, (Uf. guarantee. Con- g i ess could do nothing more legiti mately tlmu giyeauch aid. Thegov ' rnmcnl so eeiablinbetl derives no va lidity, none of its powers, from the aid given to the people either by th" I'le'sidemor by Congress, but it derives al! i s powers from the has been shown tbat Mississippi was a State iu tbe Union, so recognized by all tho departments, so settled beyond tho power of denial, by the issue of the. war. If this can be done with regard to Mississippi, then tbe same may be done with regard to any other State, or all of them. Still further to prove that the alleged insecurity for life and property were not the evils to be redressed, we look iu vain in the acts for any provision requiring the convention to be called to provide any further security than that already furnished by the laws of the State. We flna them, how ever, very clear ana explicit on an other subject.and thejobject soclearly , put forth we must take as the true pucpose of the enactment ; it is that the negroes snail be entitled to vote at tbe election for the members of Ihe convention, and a command to secure them their votes by the con stitution to lie formed, and that cer- race in the enjiymeiu of ; -q but to give them absolute ac cy in the Government of the has repelled very many win hitherto acted with the S'epn party There is uo doubt, moreover the violence and reckless pat: ship which has marked much of action, and mpre of the ape Republican leaders, tholdisregi constitutional obligations. t.o u lfest determination to keep pol power tu their oWn bauds by ever meaus, and the evi. to exclude the Southern 81 the Union until they can their support of tbe mo? measures of public or pany have caused very many meii thai pany to distrust the wis patriotism of those who have ed its friendship and con rol. cousentofthe people. Suppose the ; tain whites, amouuting to a great people had asseui bled iu Convention and established a government with j ont such aid, will it be pretended i that they had not a right to do so It not these, thare must be some pow I er above them, and our theory of gov ernment is false. Then, I repeat, it The first Knglish Tempering an rity, forme! in 171M, allow.( Ha meMnbere to drink onlv" foreei 1 1 ri wj a t. A man can go along without ad vertising, so can a v. agon without greasing, but ii goes hard. lilensed are they who adv.itise eat, thev -hall net M tronbteH -itb is.mriir, - ue of the. golden BteWflU ot r i ur;orasfi'' p.ts n I IK Inlrd fi tliprthis is true orthe . onstitution is I was lot true that Mississippi bad uot iv ton " vt i ll in the South. If it ) " '"legal" State goveruiueiit, and is cot in rotate, ( 'ongiess cannot legis the Federal Government is estopped late for us, since the powor to legis-j by various acts from denying that late is derived iron,, is c extensive 1 "be bad. with, and only t o eMinsivc. with the I In the next place, was the State ( om-tuutioii. If, on the other hand, government so established adequate it in (on e in the South, Ihe legis for too protection of life and proper hltiOII ot Coll' ', I s must hn ill uflift Iv If nnl ll..... nn Hlalu nm-an, ' that a friend SUbordinatioil to il. mmt ratinnl vtn aaail in tiin I",ii..n n au MTa if III PVlend mifihl well L number, should be disfranchised, vory clearly to gn've tbe negro pre ponderance of power. In the con veution which formed the Coustitu- tion of the Untied States, the States , most decidedly and persistently re-1 fused to surrender the right to regu late the elective franchise, but re served it, each State for itaelf. Nor did the States grant to Congress the right to legislate on tbe subject of the rights of their citisens. We know very well tbat the federal gov eminent was created by the States and possesses only such powers ns are delegated to it. The internal af fairs of the State, including protec thm rf lift Hheet and nroportv be TRUH PUTT To be tbe ibiog we aeem , To da tbe thing we deem Enjnned bj duly ; To walk in faitb, not dreatn Of qneatiooiag Gud'a scueuia Of trntb aid beaut Caatiog lelf-loee aaide, Diacarding baman pride, Our bearta lo meaure , In hamble hope to bide, Each change in fortuna'a tidt, At Uod'a ewu pleaaare. To trust, although deceived . Tell troth, though ael believed Falsehood diaaaialng ; TatiaBt of ilia reaeind , To pardon when aggrieted Paaaion reatraiBieg. Witb loae no wroagran ciii To aare , utwe&ried aiiil. Tbe wee froa f.l,: -Tbia ie Ood'a will da earth, aad to fulfi.. Onr beaten! calliac